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Publications related to Currency (10,000)
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Article
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Devaluation of domestic currency is traditionally believed to foster a country’s trade balance. Innumerable papers have attempted to scrutinize the exchange rate-trade balance nexus in many countries across the globe, yet their conclusions diverge as they utilize different data, time frames, and methods. Most of them share the same weakness: disreg...
Book
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digitalSTRUCTURES: Data and Urban Strategies of the Civic Future engages with digital property and data infrastructures, and explores new modes and impacts of data collection affecting architecture and urban infrastructure. Digital currencies (cryptocurrencies) and digital property require large amounts of land, resources, and data centers and infr...
Article
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Background Diabetes-related foot disease (DFD) is a leading cause of the Australian disease burden. The 2011 Australian DFD guidelines were outdated. We aimed to develop methodology for systematically adapting suitable international guidelines to the Australian context to become the new Australian evidence-based guidelines for DFD. Methods We foll...
Article
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The importance of cryptocurrency to the global economy is increasing steadily, which is evidenced by a total market capitalization of over $2.18T as of December 17, 2021, according to coinmarketcap.com (Coin, 2021). Cryptocurrencies are too confusing for laymen and require more investigation. In this study, we analyze the impact that the effective...
Article
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This paper investigates the relationship between macroeconomics variables and foreign exchange rate direction and predicts this direction using an ensemble method. We classified exchange rate movements into two classes, appreciation and depreciation. We employed monthly data for macroeconomic variables and the currency price of the US dollar, Euro,...
Article
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The introduction of cryptocurrencies as a new form of money has attracted a tremendous amount of attention in recent years. This new financial paradigm relies on miners to validate transactions by running their cryptocurrency mining devices (CMDs). Nowadays, the significant profitability of the mining business has tempted a large number of private...
Conference Paper
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The meteoric ascent of the cryptocurrency market in the last two years has drawn a large number of both investors and bystanders (NDTV Business Desk, 2022). Nakamoto (2008, p.4) defines cryptocurrency as "a purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash [that] would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going t...
Article
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The Song Dynasty (960–1279 CE) was a prosperous period for China's maritime trade and also an era when coins flowed abroad. Song coins were not only used as currency in neighboring countries in East and Southeast Asia at the time, but also appear to have been used as metalwork. However, many details of both maritime history and numismatics have yet...
Article
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On November 8, 2016, the Indian government abruptly demonetized 86% of its currency in circulation in an attempt to reduce black money, corruption, and counterfeiting. Yet, 99% of the currency was eventually returned to banks. In this paper, we empirically investigate the medium-term effects of the policy. We document that both poorer regions and p...
Preprint
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This paper evaluates the impact of worldwide inflation and unemployment on the cryptocurrencies' performance. We are using Bitcoin as the main point of reference. The main objective is to measure the damage of inflation and unemployment on Bitcoin in the short and long run. This research is willing to present a single formula to measure the influen...
Article
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In the era of FinTech, many countries are currently exploring the viability of their own digital currencies due to the vast potential in terms of efficiency, security and accessibility. Some digital currencies have been under rapid development and real-world trials have recently been deployed. The purpose of this paper is to understand the main fac...
Article
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Bangladesh, an emerging economy in South Asia, has gone through several regimes of exchange rate systems in the course of its 50 years of independence. A broad-based study to determine the exchange rate of the Bangladeshi taka (BDT) is missing in the existing literature. Using the annual data from 1972–1973 to 2017–2018, the study has measured the...
Article
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Computed tomography (CT) scan has been an integral part of the diagnostic workup for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Our study was designed to find out the incidence of distant metastasis and second primary tumor and to correlate the cost-effectiveness of CT thorax in detecting the same. This study was conducted among 326 cance...
Book
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Imagine a life without aging, what type of life it would be. What values would it carry? Would it still make our life meaningful? Of course, it is not. Thus, this book attempts to help the reader understand how the aging economy would make humans navigate from ‘using their brain capacity’ to more ‘using their brain and heart capacities’, even in ma...
Article
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Russia and Iran are finding ever more points of convergence in their foreign policies and across the domain of economic cooperation. It is no coincidence that a record number of high-level visits between the two countries have taken place this year, the most recent being Vladimir Putin’s visit to Tehran to take part in the Syria summit of the leade...
Article
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We examine the co-movement between exchange rate (EXR) returns and stock (STK) returns in Africa amid COVID-19 in a time and frequency domain. Therefore, we employ the bi- and partial wavelet and the wavelet multiple correlation techniques using daily data from 13 February 2013 to 6 May 2021. Our findings divulge that COVID-19’s effect does not inc...
Article
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Microalgae are one of the most dominant forms of life on earth that is tightly associated with a distinct and specialized microbiota. We have previously shown that the microbiota of Scenedesmus quadricauda harbors less than 10 distinct microbial species. Here, we provide evidence that dominant species are affiliated with the genera of Variovorax, P...
Preprint
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Many pioneer online retailers, such as Overstock, have started to support cryptocurrency payments. However, the fierce price volatility of traditional cryptocurrencies (e.g., Bitcoins) hinders their adoption as regular payment tools. Stablecoins, commonly backed by real assets, are proposed to make cryptocurrencies more acceptable in daily payments...
Article
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Stock markets are important parameter reflecting the financial health and economic growth of a nation. Any significant event occurring in the nation will exert an impact on the stock market spontaneously. Government's demonetisation announcement on November 8, 2017, whereby high value currency of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes were invalidated, is a se...
Article
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Cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency based on block chain technology. Bit coin was the first cryptocurrency which was generated after the Global financial setback in 2008. The most important cryptocurrencies or alternative currencies in addition to Bit coin are Ethereum, Binance, Cardano, and Dogecoin. The main objective of this paper is to...
Preprint
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This discussion is aimed at a mixed audience of social theorists and physicists. It proposes to use a formalization of 'trust' as an interaction potential for predicting social behaviours-analogous to the use of energy in physics. It builds on details previously established for virtual processes. Progress in physics advanced quickly once the concep...
Article
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This paper studies the information efficiency of BRICS currency markets during the COVID-19 pandemic using daily data spanning 3rd February 2020–31st August 2021. In our preliminary analysis, which consists of tests for random walk and martingale processes, we provide evidence of time-varying weak-form market efficiency in the currency markets. In...
Article
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s There has been shift from state-dominated development paradigm towards a more market determined strategy of development in the recent years. In view of this, empirical works have been conducted to examine the impact of financial deregulation on the economy. However, the existing studies focused aggregate output and overlooking sectoral impact. Th...
Article
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The noticeable increase in the volume of financial transactions made in encrypted digital currencies at the international level, and the risks that such transactions pose to international financial and economic relations, made the study of the impact of these (Cryptocurrencies and Digital) currencies on the effectiveness of the functions of central...
Article
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Using a flexible statistical framework that accounts for time-varying skewness and leptokurtosis, we examine the stochastic behavior of Bitcoin in comparison to five major currencies. The empirical findings reveal that the distribution of all series is leptokurtic. Once the effect of skewness-kurtosis is considered, the true price of risk is obtain...
Article
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This paper studies optimal currency allocation of the carry trade in foreign exchange (FX). A number of empirical studies have documented a phenomenon referred to as the ‘forward premium puzzle’, which states that the carry trade is profitable on average. However, the carry reversal during the 2008 global crisis periods wiped out the profits earned...
Research
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Z Çalışmanın temel amacı Bitcoin ile BIST30 vadeli, altın vadeli ve döviz vadeli işlemler piyasası arasındaki volatilite etkileşimini araştırmaktır. Bu doğrultuda 25.07.2010-13.02.2022 dönemine ait haftalık veriler kullanılmıştır. Bitcoin ile BIST30 vadeli, altın vadeli ve döviz vadeli işlemler piyasası arasındaki volatilite etkileşimini araştırmak...
Article
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The Current Account Deficit and National Debt of a country are two major factors that can impact the foreign exchange rates it has with the currencies of other nations. This study empirically analyses the impact of India’s Current Account Deficit (in million USD) and National Debt (in million USD) on the nation’s Foreign Exchange Rate (vs.US$). The...
Article
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Deposit dollarization is defined as resident people's preference for foreign currencies instead of national currency when accumulating value. Turkish banking sector's foreign currency deposits/total deposit ratio has increased rapidly, especially in recent years, and has exceeded 60%. Determining the factors that cause deposit dollarization is impo...
Article
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The study attempts to examine the volatility of the exchange rate and the effect of depreciation of the domestic currency against the foreign currency on the trade balance of Pakistan. For that purpose, the time series data from 1976 to 2017 is extracted that is used to check the relation between exchange rate and trade balance. Moreover, this stud...
Article
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The loss in the value of domestic currency could be destabilising in most developing countries. To avoid exchange rate crises, countries intervene in foreign exchange markets. While attempting to measure the exchange market pressure (EMP) that leads to a currency crisis, various studies discovered that international reserve variable alone or its va...
Article
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#العدد الخامس والعشرون_25 #مجلة ريحان للنشر_العلمي #مركزفكرللدراسات_وللتطوير صدر العدد الخامس والعشرون من مجلة ريحان للنشر وهو عن شهر تموز (يوليو) لعام 2022.حيث تقرؤون في هذه العدد مقالات علمية لباحثين واعضاء هيئات تدريسية في جامعة متعددة من مختلف البلدان. 1. English for Criminology Cadets at Al Istiqlal University: Needs and Challenges Hussam QAD...
Preprint
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This study examines Kenyan youths' level of knowledge and involvement in the cryptocurrency industry. Digital currencies known as cryptocurrencies use a peer-to-peer technology to speed up internet transactions. The idea of crypto currencies started out slowly in the 1980s but has since developed significantly. The study collected secondary data an...
Conference Paper
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The Dutch disease phenomenon can be seen in a country that discovers a significant natural resource deposit and begins exporting it on a large scale. As a result, the country's currency rises, reducing the competitiveness of its traditional export sectors, including agriculture. The Dutch disease is regarded as one of the primary causes of the natu...
Article
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Because of global warming, problems such as climate change and the destruction of natural resources have reached such a level that individuals, institutions, and states cannot remain indifferent. At this point, taking only technical measures are not sufficient and it is necessary to use sustainable methods in all areas of life. In this context, fin...
Article
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(1) Background: Bangladesh must has to spend a large amount of foreign currency to import commercial baker’s yeast every year. We could save money by finding a potential Saccharomyces cerevisiae from natural sources compatible with commercial baker’s yeast production. (2) Methods: Grapes, rice, pineapples were collected, processed, and inoculated o...
Article
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This study provides a critical discussion on oral corrective feedback (CF) in the Spanish heritage language context by analyzing the language ideologies of both teachers and students relating to this everyday pedagogical practice. Despite the undeniable relevance of oral CF within the SHL language classroom, it is an area mainly studied within the...
Research
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The study was carried out to assess and examine the macroeconomic determinates of inflation in Ethiopia. In addition to this the macroeconomic variables which determined inflation in the country are the main objective of the study. We estimate models of inflation to identify the importance of factors contribution to inflation and three of its major...
Article
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ABSTRACT Purpose– Ghana’s debt stock has been a subject of debate for a very long time. This study is to estimate the debt threshold level above which it will be detrimental to economic growth. Methodology– The study used a threshold autoregressive model introduced by Tong (1978) and Hansen (1996). The study employed timeseries data for thirty-one...
Article
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The important purpose of the research paper is to analyse the role of administration and general public in promoting and encouraging tourism in Himachal Pradesh, and to determine that tourism in Himachal Pradesh is one of the supreme successful diligences sector in the state. Himachal Pradesh had an unconceivable prospective in a travel industry. T...
Article
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Currency, like most artificial constructs, is always changing. Initially, it was simple: food was exchanged for animals, and livestock for resources like as wood or grain. It advanced to precious metals like silver and gold. The next phase in financial progress has finally been revealed. Over the last decade, this new kind of currency has been cont...
Article
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The problem of capital shortage for Ukrainian commercial organizations has been clarified, which makes the theoretical and methodological provisions of its increase and preservation relevant. Insufficient capital for investment processes is a significant obstacle to the development of most business entities in Ukraine. The analysis of recent resear...
Article
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This article proposes and verifies the consumer acceptance intention model under the background of central bank digital currency payment. It modifies the theory of technology acceptance (TAM), rational action theory (TRA), and extended valence framework (EVF) through the construction of perceived privacy, perceived security, perceived system qualit...
Preprint
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Inverse text normalization (ITN) is used to convert the spoken form output of an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system to a written form. Traditional handcrafted ITN rules can be complex to transcribe and maintain. Meanwhile neural modeling approaches require quality large-scale spoken-written pair examples in the same or similar domain as the...
Article
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Cryptocurrency, which was developed in 2008, is an encrypted digital network that enables people to perform digital barter transactions. Its decentralized nature and its ability to serve as a secure and fast method of payment have garnered widespread acceptance. While cryptocurrencies are not expected to replace traditional fiat currencies, their d...
Article
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Blockchain is making a big impact in various applications, but it is also attracting a variety of cybercrimes. In blockchain, phishing transfers the victim’s virtual currency to make huge profits through fraud, which poses a threat to the blockchain ecosystem. To avoid greater losses, Ethereum, one of the blockchain platforms, can provide informati...
Article
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We describe a dataset of account information and detailed transaction records for a digital complementary currency in Kenya. This “Sarafu system” initially encompassed several local, physical community currencies, which began transitioning to a feature-phone mobile interface in 2017. One unit of “Sarafu” is roughly equivalent in value to a Kenyan s...
Article
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This research investigates the impact of the volatility of Ghana's three major trading currencies on the economy using quarterly data from 2009 to 2021. Analysis was carried out using regression technique. Multiple Regression analysis was run after conducting a unit root and co-integration tests. The study concludes that a positive and significant...
Preprint
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Blockchain innovation stands out enough to be noticed and adopted in various countries and organizations around the world. Many businesses, including finance, medical services, inventory networks, security, libraries, and the internet of things, are currently under attack. For the benefit of the blockchain, many businesses incorporate blockchain te...
Article
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As global cooperation to develop and launch CBDCs further expands, the upcoming revolutionary innovation presents an emerging research field. This paper aims to provide a framework of CBDC by stressing its differences from the other available digital currencies and cash in terms of advantages and disadvantages. Thus, the CBDC outlook, in its curren...
Article
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Background For the benefits of advance care planning to be realised during a hospital admission, the treating team must have accurate knowledge of the law pertaining to implementation of advance care directives (ACDs) and substitute decision making. Aims To determine in a sample of Junior Medical Officers (JMOs): (1) knowledge of the correct order...
Article
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Aim: In this paper, we analyze the potential of various digital tools such as gamification-based applications or digital currencies in enabling the social engagement in climate change mitigation processes by encouraging pro-environmental behaviors. Therefore, as a result of this study, we aim to develop a conceptual framework for a green digital to...
Preprint
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Blockchain innovation stands out enough to be noticed and adopted in various countries and organizations around the world. Many businesses, including finance, medical services, inventory networks, security, libraries, and the internet of things, are currently under attack. For the benefit of the blockchain, many businesses incorporate blockchain te...
Chapter
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This paper presents the arguments for and against central bank digital currency increasing financial inclusion. Financial inclusion is arguably one of the many reasons for issuing a central bank digital currency. The arguments in support of CBDC increasing financial inclusion are that CBDC can digitize value chains, CBDCs can improve access to digi...
Article
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A crucial challenge in Iranian economy is its heavy reliance on oil revenue for financing public expenditures. This is done by selling crude oil, SCO, and injecting its equivalent domestic currency in the economy .This trend has led to create rentier state, resource curse and Dutch disease in Iranian economy. Resolving such hardship has ever been a...
Article
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In the context of globalization and internationalization of the financial markets, issues resulting from financial crises are becoming increasingly serious and substantial, creating a lot of discussion among experts, worldwide. Many studies have attempted to investigate what measures can be taken to detect and prevent crises before they devastate t...
Article
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Cryptography and associated technologies have existed for a long time. This field is advancing at a remarkable speed. Since the inception of its initial application, blockchain has come a long way. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency based on blockchain, also known as distributed ledger technology (DLT). The most well-known cryptocurrency for everyday use...
Article
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One of the aims of the International Accounting Standard Board (IASB) is to enhance the quality of financial reporting and ensure universality in the comparison of financial statements produced in different entities and countries by users of such financial statements. International Accounting Standard (IAS) 21: Effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange...
Article
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Thomas Hobbes wrote in his Leviathan that money exchanging hands, monetary policies, activities, and transactions are the blood of the “Leviathan” - the eponymous subject of the book. Hobbes writes that this Leviathan's “blood” includes the “collectors, receivers, and treasurers; of the second are the treasurers again, and the officers appointed fo...
Book
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This book explores the hypothesis of the emergence of a ‘dependent capitalism’ in Central and Eastern Europe. In a first theoretical part, this book presents the main approaches that structure the field of comparative capitalism and then examines this model shaped by the inflow of foreign capital. In an original way, it proposes to integrate the fo...
Article
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Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies built on blockchains have increasingly attracted investors in recent years. Motivated by the opportunities of this technology, blockchain-based applications in various sectors have also been explored. Yet, so far, finance-related applications have arguably remained the most advanced and relevant area of blockchain...
Preprint
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Extrinsic incentives such as a conditional thank-you gift have shown both positive and negative impacts on charitable fundraising. Leveraging the crypto donations to a Ukrainian fundraising plea that accepts Ether (i.e., the currency of the Ethereum blockchain) and Bitcoin (i.e., the currency of the Bitcoin blockchain) over a seven-day period, we a...
Article
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Bit-Coin itself is having meaning Bit is the unit of information in computing and digital communications and Coin is the currency. i.e electronically handled the digital currency. Bitcoin is based on solving an encryption formula which requires extreme amounts of computing power. No one controls it. Bitcoin aren't printed, like dollars or Euros-the...
Preprint
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This study examines the impact of the foreign exchange rate, i.e., US Dollar to Indian Rupee (USD/INR) on the Indian Stock Market Index (Nifty 50) during the demonetization of high denomination Indian currencies. A daily rate of return of Foreign exchange rate (USD/INR) and the Indian Stock Market Index (Nifty 50) were considered for the study. The...
Article
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The field of cryptocurrencies is still relatively new. There were no decentralized digital currency assets before 2009 and no general smart contract platforms before 2015. Web3 has grown quickly and it is therefore important to consider potential and unpredictable developments in a rapidly evolving field when making recommendations on the proper le...
Preprint
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Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs), when managed by a few trusted validators, require most but not all of the machinery available in public DLTs. In this work, we explore one possible way to profit from this state of affairs. We devise a combination of a modified Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerant (PBFT) protocol and a revised Flexible Round-Op...
Article
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Abstract: Coffee is one of the most important beverage crops, ranked the second most traded commodity next to oil globally, and grown for its health values, economic and socio-political benefits for several countries including Ethiopia. The arabica type is a highly produced coffee in different countries and dominates 70% of the world coffee trade...
Thesis
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This thesis attend to test the ability evidence the short hedge strategy to reduce the risk of prices which the company suffering from it That it can be desalts with , so the important of the using of derivative facilities of financial in reducing the risk through by showing the concept derivative facilities in the theory part of the research...
Article
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One of the most important innovations brought by digitization is the cryptocurrency, also called virtual or digital currency, which has been discussed in recent years and in particular is a new platform for investors. Different types of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance Coin, and Tether do not depend on a central authority. Decisi...
Research
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The standard policy rule that under a flexible exchange rate regime with perfectly elastic capital flows, monetary policy is effective and fiscal policy is not. The logical validity of the statement requires that the effect of an exchange rate change on the domestic price level be ignored. When it is subjected to a rigorous analysis, the interactio...
Article
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Rapid technological and scientific advancement is leading to an inevitable qualitative change in socioeconomic, political and psychological interactions for humanity. Here in this paper, I will discuss current developments of robo-advisers in the field of asset and wealth management and how ephemeralization of computational and scientific power is...
Article
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This study empirically investigates the dynamic relationship between global oil price fluctuations and industrial sector of Pakistan for the time period 1974-2015 by employing an Autore-gressive Distributed Lag Model. The findings suggest that industrial sector is prone to the global oil price fluctuations where observed and forecasted oil price vo...