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Article
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The fruit fly is one of the detrimental pests to mango production in Indonesia. Information about fruit fly species in the mango production areas is pivotal for analyzing pest risk assessment, developing appropriate standards for plant quarantine treatment, and managing its control programs. This study aims to analyze the fruit fly abundance and co...
Article
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Background Taichung Native 1 (TN1) is the first semidwarf rice cultivar that initiated the Green Revolution. As TN1 is a direct descendant of the Dee-geo-woo-gen cultivar, the source of the sd1 semidwarf gene, the sd1 gene can be defined through TN1. Also, TN1 is susceptible to the blast disease and is described as being drought-tolerant. However,...
Article
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Background Salicylic acid participates in the regulation of the plant's response to a series of environmental stresses such as extreme temperatures, salinity, and oxidative condition of potato growth, so it is necessary to determine a safe application dosage for potato in field conditions. Methods The purpose of the research was to evaluate the ef...
Article
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The banana is present in 129 countries around the world, and Brazil is the 5th largest producer. The cut pseudostem without a destination is discarded in the soil, constituting a polluting agent. An alternative would be the use of this material to obtain textile fibers. This study aimed to determine the physicochemical characteristics of the banana...
Article
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Most agronomic traits of rice ( Oryza sativa ), such as grain length, are complex traits controlled by multiple genes. Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) are ideal materials for dissecting these complex traits. We developed the novel rice CSSL ‘Z414’, which has short, wide grains, from progeny of the recipient parent ‘Xihui 18’ (an indic...
Article
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Background The rice Waxy ( Wx ) gene plays a major role in seed amylose synthesis and consequently controls grain amylose content. Wx gene expression is highly regulated at the post-transcriptional level. In particular, the GT/TT polymorphism at the 5′splicing site of its 1st intron greatly affects this intron’s splicing efficiency and defines two...
Article
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Background Sheath blight (ShB) disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, is one of the most economically damaging rice (Oryza sativa L.) diseases worldwide. There are no known major resistance genes, leaving only partial resistance from small-effect QTL to deploy for cultivar improvement. Many ShB-QTL are associated with plant architectural traits...
Article
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Abstract Background The All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project (AICRIP) organizes multi-location tests (METs) with new genotypes from breeding programs. The best performing genotypes in METs for 3–4 years are identified and notified as commercial cultivars by the Government of India (GOI) to authorize breeder seed (BS) production. Methods W...
Article
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Silicon (Si) fertiliser can improve rice (Oryza sativa) tolerance to salinity. The rate of Si uptake and its associated benefits are known to differ between plant genotypes, but, to date, little research has been done on how the benefits, and hence the economic feasibility, of Si fertilisation varies between cultivars. In this study, a range of ric...
Article
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A power of genetic selection is for producing new pure strains of interest species. The interest genes that are specifically expressed must be identified to develop the criterion of selection. The short period of Mung bean development could adapt to a broad sense of different factors such as agro-and ecosystems , plant rotation, plantation, and var...
Article
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The pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Punicaceae family is the earliest and most significant outgrowth crop of arid and semi-arid environments all over the world. Pollination is the one phenomenon, which influences fruit set in many horticulture crops. From the several studies, pomegranate is found to have all three types of pollination modes (Self,...
Article
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Phenological advancements in flowering have been well documented in many food crop, ornamental, and native plant species. However, there is lack of information on how flowering times in crop species, especially fruit trees will react to future climate scenarios. This is important as changes in phenology could have significant implications for ecosy...
Article
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To facilitate the quality assessment of wheat cultivars, diverse imaging tools and techniques have been applied in order to omit the expert decision, which can cause failure in the identification of the wheat cultivar's label and its quality simultaneously. To minimize the risks caused by the expert's decision, a promising framework for identificat...
Article
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Chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is an economically important crop-relatively exclusive to Egypt-that shows moderate and high levels of susceptibility to several pests, including the pepper root-knot nematode, (RKN) Meloidogyne incognita. In this study, M. incognita succeeded in reproducing on all the pepper cultivars such as Balady Mecca, 292, T...
Article
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Chemical and mechanical thinning processes have long been used in stone and pome fruit production. During the thinning of apple flowers, growers use chemicals to regulate the tree load. Hand thinning is applied after the June drop to prune trees with excess crop load. The process of thinning can be unpredictable especially in biennial bearing culti...
Article
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The seasonal timing of the transition from vegetative to reproductive growth has a major impact on biomass accumulation in switchgrass. Late‐flowering switchgrass cultivars produce greater biomass, a critical trait for sustainable bioenergy production. Genomic prediction (GP) may allow rapid selection of late‐flowering individuals with reduced time...
Article
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Este artigo propõe, a partir dos desafios do distanciamento imposto pela pandemia, discutir a relação entre afastamento e aproximação na etnografia. Para isso, trabalhou-se não com uma perspectiva que se colocasse como um manual de etnografia, a pensar caminhos possíveis, mas com uma espécie de antimanual, que apresentasse os problemas da pesquisa...
Article
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We report a novel approach for establishing the number and position of CO events in individual homozygous inbred plants by combining low level EMS mutagenesis, speed breeding, whole genome shotgun sequencing and sliding window analysis of the induced molecular variant data. We demonstrate the approach by exploring CO frequency and distribution in s...
Technical Report
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A requeima, causada pelo oomiceto Phytophthora infestans, representa uma das mais importantes e destrutivas doenças da cultura da batata no Brasil e no restante do mundo. Afeta de forma drástica folhas, caules e tubérculos, podendo causar sérios prejuízos ao produtor quando interagem fatores como cultivares suscetíveis, condições climáticas favor...
Article
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Evaluation for yield of selected groundnut cultivars was carried out; nine cultivars were evaluated in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replication at the Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology Research/ Experimental Garden Nasarawa State University Keffi. Plant nutrient analysis were significantly different (P˂0.05), Ca...
Article
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‘Red Jonaprince’ cultivar production is rapidly increasing; therefore, the interest in harvesting in various regions, as well as in improving and maintaining the quality of the apple, is also increasing. The aim of this study was to analyze the possibility of applying 1-MCP treatment in pre- and postharvest treatment for ‘Red Jonaprince’ apples for...
Article
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Recent advances in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) have led to the development of low-field benchtop NMR systems with improved sensitivity and resolution suitable for use in research and quality-control laboratories. Compared to their high-resolution counterparts, their lower purchase and running costs make them a good alternative for routine use....
Article
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This study evaluated the change in nutritive value and in situ degradability of Desmanthus spp. (desmanthus) cultivars JCU2; D. virgatus, JCU4; D. bicornutus and JCU7; D. leptophyllus harvested at varying maturity stages to test the hypothesis that the nutritive value and in situ degradability of desmanthus differ between cultivars and with maturit...
Article
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In grape production, in order to maintain the competitive power in the domestic and foreign markets and to meet the market needs, it is necessary to have the product in a wide period of time. Especially late and high quality table grape varieties that are suitable for cold storage are needed. In the study, the suitability of Güz gülü grape variety...
Article
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Microbial communities associated with fruit can contribute to quality and pathogen resistance, but little is known about their assembly and dynamics during fruit development and storage. Three apple cultivars growing under the same environmental conditions were utilized to examine the apple carposphere microbiome composition and structure at differ...
Article
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Arsenic (As) is a global carcinogenic contaminant, and is one of the significant environmental constraints that limits the development and yield of crop plants. It is always tagged along with rice as rice takes up As and tends to accumulate it in grains. This amassment makes a way for As to get into the food chain that leads to unforeseen human hea...
Article
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Genetic dissection of yield component traits including spike and kernel characteristics is essential for the continuous improvement in wheat yield. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been frequently used to identify genetic determinants for spike and kernel-related traits in wheat, though none have been employed in hard winter wheat (HWW)...
Conference Paper
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The effect of threshing machine (LMS type) on corn/ Sarah cultivar was studied based on some technical indicators. were tested under three feed rates (6A, 8A and 10A) and two level of speed 200 and 300rpm. in this experiment used complete randomized design (CRD) with three replications, according to Genstat software. The results showed that the fee...
Conference Paper
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A field experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of agricultural machines (AM) LDSM and Nordsten and planting depths (PD) on wheat/ Abu-Ghraib 3 cultivar .The experiment included two types of AM (LDSM and Nordsten) and three PD levels (PD1 of 6 , PD2 of 8 and PD3 of 11 cm) and three application. The split-split plot arrangement in RCBD...
Article
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Key message Phenomic prediction of wheat grain yield and heading date in different multi-environmental trial scenarios is accurate. Modelling the genotype-by-environment interaction effect using phenomic data is a potentially low-cost complement to genomic prediction. Abstract The performance of wheat cultivars in multi-environmental trials (MET)...
Conference Paper
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A field experiment was conducted to assess the influence of agricultural machines (AM) LDSM and Famarol, and planting distances (CD) on wheat/ Rashed cultivar .The experiment included two types of AM (LDSM and Famarol) and three CD levels (CD of 10 , CD of 12 and CD of 15cm) in three application. The split -split plot arrangement in RCBD with three...
Article
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Across-season biomass assessment is crucial in the cultivar selection process to accurately evaluate the yield performance of lines under different growing conditions. However, it has been difficult to have an accurate, reliable, and repeated fresh biomass (FM) estimation of large populations of plants in the field without destructive harvesting, w...
Article
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Glyphosate is one of the most widely used non-selective herbicides, and the creation of glyphosate-resistant cultivars solves the problem of limited spraying area. Therefore, it is of great significance to quickly identify resistant cultivars without destruction during the development of superior cultivars. This work took maize seedlings as the exp...
Article
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Cardoon (C. cardunculus var. altilis DC) is commonly cultivated in the Mediterranean area to produce stalks that are consumed once cooked. Before cooking, stalks are usually subjected to blanching, which means they are exposed to darkness for a few weeks. The present work analyzed the effect of field blanching carried out for 40 days in different w...
Article
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Key message A reliable locus confers broad-spectrum resistance to multiple plant viruses in soybean under field conditions. Abstract Soybean mosaic disease (SMD) can be caused by a variety of viruses, most of which have been largely overlooked in breeding programs. Effective mitigation of the adverse of SMD might result from breeding cultivars wit...
Conference Paper
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The study was conducted in three of Tehuldre, Jabitehnan, and West Dembia for two consecutive years (2018 and 2019) to evaluate the yield and chemical composition of nine brachiaria grass cultivars/species. The experiment was designed in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Nitrogen, phosphate & sulfur (NPS) at 100kg/ha was a...
Article
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In the present work, the possibility of using the full spectrum of images to predict the chlorophyll content in strawberry leaves of two cultivars-Alba and Asia, has been evaluated. The data were obtained with affordable technical тоолс, a document camera and a chlorophyll index measuring device. Quantitative determination of the amount of chloroph...
Article
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The cultivation of wheat has been part of the evolution of human civilisation since ancient times. Wheat breeding has modified some of its characteristics to obtain improved varieties with high production potential that better meet the demands of the bread and pasta industry. Even today, there are still old varieties, landraces, adapted to particul...
Article
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Wild sugarcane, Saccharum spontaneum, is a cold-tolerant species, and cultivated S. officinarum is highly sensitive to cold stress. The present study aimed at identifying genes and mechanisms acting in stress conditions using RNA-Seq technique to compare S. spontaneum and the cold-sensitive CP69-1062 cultivar of S. officinarum under non-stress (25...
Article
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Dwarfing is an important agronomic characteristic in fruit breeding. However, due to the lack of dwarf cultivars and dwarf stocks, the dwarfing mechanism is poorly understood in pears. In this research, we discovered that the dwarf hybrid seedlings of pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.), ‘Red Zaosu,’ exhibited a xylem-deficient dwarf phenotype. The e...
Article
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Abiotic stresses are the foremost limiting factors for crop productivity. Crop plants need to cope with adverse external pressure caused by various environmental conditions with their intrinsic biological mechanisms to keep their growth, development, and productivity. Climate-resilient, high-yielding crops need to be developed to maintain sustainab...
Article
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Iran imported around 1.3 million tons of barley in 2017. Accordingly, conducting researches under low organic matter soils and limited water resources is important to enhance barley products and improve economic conditions. Field experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of different levels of irrigation water (0, 50, 75 and 100% of crop wa...
Article
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Grapes with dark red color on both the skin and the flesh are known as Teinturier grapes. Tenturiye üzüm, which is a new grape genotype grown in Tekirdağ province, is similar to Alicante Bouschet grape variety in terms of many characteristics. Total phenolic content, total anthocyanin content and total tannin content obtained from Alicante Bouschet...
Poster
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The poster was prepared for "The 9th International Seabuckthorn Association Conference ISA-2022, Thessaloniki, Greece, May 25-28, 2022" which did not take place.
Article
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Paeonia rockii is well-known for its distinctive large dark-purple spot at the white petal base and has been considered to be the main genetic source of spotted tree peony cultivars. In this study, the petal base and petal background of Paeonia ostii (pure white petals without any spot), P. rockii , and other three tree peony cultivars were sampled...
Article
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Background In cold regions, low temperature is the main limiting factor affecting grape production. As an important breeding resource, V. amurensis Rupr. has played a crucial role in the discovery of genes which confer cold resistance in grapes. Thus far, many cold-resistance genes have been reported based on the study of V. amurensis . In order to...
Article
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In recent years, an important renewal of apricot cultivars is taking place worldwide, with the introduction of many new releases. Self-incompatible genotypes tolerant to the sharka disease caused by the plum pox virus (PPV), which can severely reduce fruit production and quality, are being used as parents in most breeding programs. As a result, the...
Article
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El cultivar Maradol Roja, originario de Cuba, tiene características morfológicas y agronómicas superiores a las de los cultivares locales y se ha adaptado a las condiciones edafoclimáticas de Venezuela; por lo que tiene una mayor proporción y ha sido ampliamente aceptado por agricultores, comerciantes y consumidores. Sin embargo, la falta de dispon...
Article
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Early prediction of grain yield helps scientists to make better breeding decisions for wheat. Use of machine learning (ML) methods for fusion of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-based multi-sensor data can improve the prediction accuracy of crop yield. For this, five ML algorithms including Cubist, support vector machine (SVM), deep neural network (DN...
Article
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The objective of this work was to adjust and validate a mathematical equation to estimate the total leaf area of banana plants of the cultivars Maça BRS Princesa, Prata BRS Platina, Prata Gorutuba and Prata-Anã together, through the linear dimensions of the third leaf and the total number of leaves. For that, the linear first degree and power model...
Article
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The present experiment was laid out with 15 cultivars of finger millet in a Randomized block design in AKS University, Satna, during Kharif on July 2020. Data were collected on thirteen characters viz., days to 1 st flowering, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height, no. of tillers / plant, 1000 seed weight, earhead length, finger len...
Article
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The metabolites in the tender shoots of the tea plant are the material basis for the determination of tea quality. The composition and abundance of these metabolites are affected by many key factors, and the tea plant’s age is one of them. However, the effect of plant age on the tender shoot metabolites of tea cultivars of different genotypes is po...
Chapter
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O rendimento e o desenvolvimento das hortaliças são influenciados pelas condições de clima e umidade do solo sendo a água um dos fatores mais importantes para a produção das culturas. Além da sua participação na constituição celular e nos diversos processos fisiológicos da planta, a água está diretamente relacionada aos processos de absorção de nut...
Article
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Objective: to evaluate the forage production performance of hybrid grasses of the genus Urochloa at different mowing intervals and intensity. Design/methodology/approach: Camello I (GPB025) and Camello II (GPB07) hybrids were evaluated at different intervals (5 and 7 weeks) and cutting intensities (10 and 20 cm). The study was carried out under tem...
Article
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In a five-year (2015-2019) study, some vegetative and generative peculiarities of two resistant apple cultivars ('Galiwa' and 'Story Inored') were assessed in a young orchard with a multi-row training system. Based on our research, cv. 'Galiwa' showed significantly weaker growth, than cv. 'Story Inored', which was manifested in lower trunk cross se...