Science topics: LawPenal LawCrime
Science topic

Crime - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in Crime, and find Crime experts.
Questions related to Crime
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
1 answer
I am looking for public domain translations into English of the classic Bengali crime stories of Priyanath Mukhopadhyay (1855—1947). I think he wrote in the Calcutta Review, and that something there might be in English?
Darogar Daptar were pioneering Bengali crime stories written around the start of twentieth century or late nineteenth century inspired by Arthur Conan Doyle. The author was a police inspector himself, so there might even be a little Vidocq element involved.
Relevant answer
Answer
I would be glad if it was within my field of interest, but unfortunately it is different from my specialty
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
Recent crime data of aged population of Japan, South Korea, and US depict a rising trend. So crime among the elderly are on the rise! Can anyone theoretically link this phenomenon? I have gone through some theories- 'Age-Crime Distribution', 'Life-Course Perspectives', and 'Maturation' which are constructed on the premise that crime will reach peak at a certain age (late adolescence) and decline again. These theories assume the strong dominance of biological constructs. The hypothesis in these theories will remain fixed regardless of the change in time, race, geography, and economy. However, there are some factors like 'Self-Control' and 'Social Institutional Ingredients' are not considered yet.
Can anyone recommend some alternative theories to explain the phenomenon 'Crime at old age'?
Thanks a lot.
Relevant answer
Answer
Morning,
I suppose part of the question would need to be are these recidivist offenders (committed crime throughout their lives) or are they new offenders?
If the former then could community justice measures as opposed to incarceration be playing a part?
If the latter you have a very interesting development indeed?
I suppose, in addition, the mirror question would need to be are crime rates amongst the young falling? Do bear in mind though that much of today's crime is committed online and recording of such is far from straightforward - so if we accept it is the young committing perhaps unrecorded crime online has crime simply 'moved', and as such the old are showing out because they commit more 'traditional' (and easy to record) crimes?
Really interesting questions... thanks for sharing!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
"Committing a crime violates social laws, while deviant behavior violates social norms and rules" (Sociological Theories of Crime - July 27, 2021).
Having a deviant behaviour may or may not lead a person to commit a crime. Can anyone help me understand how does having a deviant behavior lead a person to commit a crime? How much push/power a person with deviant behavior need before he/she commits a crime? Please provide citation for any references (sociology journals, government websites, law journals, courts documents, other reading materials).
I am specifically looking for what stop these people from committing criminal acts. If they passed the hurdle (not bounded by the factor that stops them), what stop them to commit only one criminal act (self-reflect, intervention and punishment by the law come to my mind)? If there are some studies done regarding this for any type of criminal acts, I would like to read them.
There must be something regarding people committing crimes with no discernible deviant behaviors.
Relevant answer
A controversial topic: it's not necesary to have deviant behaviors or neurologic disorder to commit a crime. A regenerative culture can be the way to an armonic society; a multidisciplonary overview is really mandatory in the present of society. The ONU has a method called C.E.P.T.E.D, that involves to all community to avoid the crime.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
There is an upsurge recently in the activities of bandits, militants, and kidnappers in many less developed nations in contemporary time culminating into mirage of socio-ethical problems and insecurity.
Relevant answer
Answer
This is very sensitive Question to answer could punch the Bureaus and the Government either directly or indirectly.
Most of the developing countries have corruption is deep rooted in the public administration. The Africa's politics are emerging from country to country but disguise silent way of exchanging the resources secretly.
Good Governance could empower to control the people and the democratic to make more effective.
The same is true of any developing countries in Asia and Africa to maintain the transparency until the goals could be achieved in their administration.
Intelligent matters to succeed all the administrative practices to save the citizens against all kind of atrocities in the country.
Most of the African countries political leaders/stakeholders have come across many challenges to maintain the peace and security in the native country and abroad also.
Military can able to protect the citizens and the community to save somehow how to control the mass and society.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
This conversation came up amongst some colleagues recently and I'm curious to hear people's opinions.
If you are collecting qualitative data through interviewing and an interviewee discloses that they are considering suicide, or being abused or abusing someone else, is the interviewer required to report that information? What about if the interviewee discloses that they committed a crime against someone else?
This assumes the interviewer isn't already a mandated reporter.
Relevant answer
Answer
Saving a life is most important!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Dear colleagues,
Does anyone know if there are any reference values (i.e., thresholds, service levels) for urban planning practices and analysis, considering the following indicators?
1) criminality/criminal occurrences (*)
2) accidents between vehicles and pedestrians
3) average volume of motorized traffic (in urban areas)
Are there international standards, for example, from ISO or another institution? I would appreciate it if anyone could point out a reference source (link to an article, report, or standard) to support the information.
Thank you for your attention.
_____________
(*) For crime, I found only the Homicide Rate as a reference indicator (but without thresholds). This indicator seems to me to be extremely limiting since it ignores other types of crimes that are more common and affect more people, such as robberies (with or without weapons) and theft, in addition to neglecting sexual crimes and assaults (also grave) and vandalism (lighter). It seems that focusing only on homicides is reductionist and omits other risks to the population.
Relevant answer
Answer
I suggest you to have a look at the following, interesting references:
- Global status report on road safety: time for action.
1.Accidents, Traffic - statistics and numerical data. 2.Accidents, Traffic - trends. 3.Wounds and injuries - epidemiology. 4.Safety - statistics and numerical data. 5.Data collection. I.World Health Organization. Dept. of Violence and Injury Prevention.
- TAG UNIT A4.1 - Social Impact Appraisal - GOV.UK
1 Social Impact Appraisal. 2 Accidents Impacts. 3 Physical Activity Impacts. 4 Security Impacts. 5 Severance Impacts. 6 Journey Quality Impacts and etc.
- Crime, Violence, and Development: Trends, Costs, and Policy Options in the Caribbean
A Joint Report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Latin America and the Caribbean Region of the World Bank
- Sustainable Transport Evaluation. Developing Practical Tools for Evaluation in the Context of the CSD Process
UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
Commission on Sustainable Development. Nineteenth Session. 2-13 May 2011
My best regards, Amir Beketov.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Research has shown the importance of emotional aspects as a mark of quality of teacher-student relationships, recognizing them as strong predictors for better achievement. Today there are laws for almost any crime including crime of passion. However one very morally challenging area is that of faculty-student intimate relationships where there are no threats, deception, nor offers and both parties are at age of consent .
So what objection can we make to such intimate relationships in which professors and students in their classes who have professional responsibility for them freely enter ?
Relevant answer
Answer
very important question looking forward to read the participation about it
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
For my master's thesis I have conducted a within-subjects design vignette study. In this study I created three variables: a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for plants, a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for humans, and a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for animals. The respondents had to complete all the three questions and the three questions had the same corresponding vignette. I want to compare the means between these three variables. The people had to describe their fear of crime on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. Please help me which SPSS test I can use.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Theijs,
Given that the ratings are most likely of ordinal strength and that you wish to compare three dependent (within-subject) ratings, I'd suggest you try the Friedman two-way anova by ranks. In SPSS, this would appear under the nonparametric tests option (related samples...).
Be sure that each of the three ratings appears as a separate column/variable in your data set.
Good luck with your work.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
In crime analysis, I oftentimes analyze the socioeconomic status of respondents. However, many of my results have shown that they do not necessarily influences crime experience of respondents. Whereas, examination of criminal occurrence in the environment proof otherwise. Therefore, I need scholarly and professional advice on the question.
Thank you all.
Raji, A. A.
Relevant answer
Answer
It is closely related to poverty, social exclusion, wage and income inequality, cultural and family background, level of education and other economic and social factors that may affect individual's propensity to commit crimes such as cultural characteristics, age and sex. Crime rates were found to be higher during periods of unemployment than during periods of employment. This was particularly true for 'offences involving material gain, at the younger ages (15-16), for the most delinquent prone youths and for youths with lower status jobs. Poverty affects societies on a social, cultural, psychological and political level, resulting in increased crime and violence. Nations easily become entangled in a vicious cycle that perpetuates these problems. Research shows that individuals from low-income backgrounds tend to not only commit more crimes but are also more often victims of crime. The results of some studies suggest that higher levels of education, better socioeconomic status and being married officially are factors that reduce domestic violence against women, while drinking, being younger, having less social support and premarital and extramarital relationships further contribute to domestic violence.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
7 answers
I'm simply trying to state that the British vernacular uses "extortion", a serious crime, to describe food or drink they feel to be expensive.
It seems that unless someone else has done a literacy analysis on the term you know to be common place it is next to impossible to evidence.
Example: "Meal was great, but the prices are extortionate."
Thanks in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
Attempting to obtain money or other valuables by means of a threat is extortion. Extortion occurs when someone attempts to obtain money or property by threatening to commit violence, accuse the victim of a crime, or reveal private or damaging information about the victim.
Extortion: Laws, Penalties, and Sentencing
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
7 answers
I am doing a thematic analysis for my undergraduate Psychology degree in forensic psychology. I am analysing how newspaper articles report violent crimes in terms of how the victims and offenders are portrayed and how there are sex and race differences in the themes of reporting the crimes. I was aiming to do a certain time period of newspaper articles (e.g. 3 months worth) but now I have only covered Jan and there are already so many articles but some are small. How many articles are recommended for my thematic analysis? Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
( 5 ) different articles enough to focus in your subject . take care to use the citation from different source .
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
1 answer
I have data about cases of suicide in prison. No data from people who did not commit suicide, i.e. no comparison group. I have data on the sex (binary), crime (categorical) and sentence (continuous) of each person who commit suicide. How can I best use this data? I guess I can calculate the odds ratio as a measure of association between each of those variables and the outcome (suicide), e.g. the odds of women committing suicide compared to men. But would you recommend that I first conduct a test of association? If so, would that be chi square for sex and Pearson's for crime and sentence? Thank you!
Relevant answer
Answer
Not necessary. Run a Kendall tau-b and risk odds across different variables such as gender. you will need to create bivariates in your categorical data and an exploratory descriptives examination will tell you where best to divide your variables. for instance, use the median to divide the agegroup and sentence length if this makes sense to the context. You can also run anova on any continuous variables.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
I need to find the number of full time (officer and civilian) law enforcement officers for as many years as possible. I know that uniform crime reports has some data, but I can't seem to find too many years. Anyone know of an already constructed data set?
If I could find part time data too that might be nice. I also need law enforcement spending (total - federal, state, and local).
Relevant answer
Answer
Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) of the US Department of Justice (DOJ) is an excellent source. Also, some media outlets keep local files. For example the NJ based Asbury Park Press maintains a DataUniverse which contains information about policing in NJ, among other items.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
Intentional cruelty to animals is strongly correlated with other crimes including violence against people.I wil conduct my research on Animal Cruelty facts and stats,Laws and how it can be stop.
Relevant answer
Answer
It's very much important but neglected topic in today's world. In the recent pandemic also animals have been neglected. At this period so much animals are having suffered hunger a lot. There was no one you could feed them and the NGO's also gon shut down too. There was no one beside them so is very important topic about to talk or research.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
when make a study of corporate frauds and crimes , one notices always that corruption takes place when when one faces threat of punishment due to non compliance’s of laws .In india Satyam , Enron or ILFS are examples of corporate crimes arising out of non compliance’s .
Relevant answer
Answer
This article gives a broad overview of each of the four primary compliance risks in Vietnam: anti-corruption, regulatory compliance, employee fraud and corporate criminal liability. https://globalinvestigationsreview.com/review/the-asia-pacific-investigations-review/2020/article/vietnam-compliance-risks
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
42 answers
Do you have any information about the cyberbullying crime?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Banuka Niroshan De Silva Thank you very much for the valuable information
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
I'm looking for a database that contains unedited surveillance style videos of crimes occurring. I will be using Video Data Analysis to answer various questions about the crimes, so all types of crimes are welcome. I've use YouTube and similar sources in the past but there are methodological issues with this technique and limited sources.
Relevant answer
Answer
I found some of what I was looking for:
UCF-Crime dataset is a new large-scale first of its kind dataset of 128 hours of videos. It consists of 1900 long and untrimmed real-world surveillance videos, with 13 realistic anomalies including Abuse, Arrest, Arson, Assault, Road Accident, Burglary, Explosion, Fighting, Robbery, Shooting, Stealing, Shoplifting, and Vandalism. These anomalies are selected because they have a significant impact on public safety. This dataset can be used for two tasks. First, general anomaly detection considering all anomalies in one group and all normal activities in another group. Second, for recognizing each of 13 anomalous activities. Real-world Anomaly Detection in Surveillance Videos Waqas Sultani, Chen Chen, Mubarak Shah IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
The research of criminal compliance in China mainly focuses on procedural law, but little attention is paid to substantive law. Existing researchers are accustomed to start from unit crime. Is there any other path besides this sector?
Relevant answer
Answer
In China, the local people's courts are divided into essential people's courts, intermediate people's courts, and higher people's courts. China has a cultural history of preferring informal methods, such as mediation, rather than formal dispute resolution methods. Despite the importance of informal methods in Chinese culture, law reformers have recently emphasized creating a formal legal system, including presenting a national legal aid program.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
Hello everyone,
I am conducting research on the crime prediction system, however, I am struggling in obtaining the proper crime datasets. The data that I am looking for supposed to have the following attributes:
1. Criminal name
2. sex
3. age
4. status
5. district
6. education
7. occupation
8. religion
9. height
10. weight
11. hair color
12. eye color
13. relationship
14. address
15. fingerprint
16. blood type
17. image (required)
If anyone knows about the datasets related to the attributes mentioned above, please let me know. I really need your help. Thank you in advance.
Relevant answer
Answer
In India, maximum data of your list can be obtained from the concerned Police Stations (in the Criminal Record Register) and Criminal Investigation Department (in the Criminal Index Management System File) as well as from respective state crime records bureaus also.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
it is for my friend's thesis work. she needs your help in finding any literary works to study ideology.
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Immunity rules have always been quite controversial. Many scholars believe that to grant immunity to eg, Head of State or other state officials goes contrary to the fundamental principle of justice and human rights, especially if those state officials are charged with crimes of jus cogens status.
So, does this mean, immunity should be denied as a defence to charges involving of allegation of crimes of jus cogens status (eg, genocide, crimes against humanity etc) regardless of the national or international character of the jurisdiction concerned?
After some research, I have learned that if two parties at disputes are two states, then the other state always has to respect the immunity of the other state (due to the principle of state sovereignty and equality-eg, Arrest Warrant Case). But eg, if an arrest warrant was issued by the International Criminal Court, the answer will be different. Al Bashir Case showed how the ICC denied immunity as a defence by getting around with Art. 98 of the Rome Statute.
Relevant answer
Answer
I think a thorough analysis of the elements of the case has to be carried out, considering mainly the material facts and the perpetrator's mens rea. It is very unfair to the victims, and really to the whole of huamnity, that people who are supposed to uphold human rights get easily away with their wrongdoings. This does not, however, mean that they do not have the right to a fair trial.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
10 answers
I am looking for a published article or a reputable source such as Acts, explaining the types of crimes. I have come across several crimes under Major Crime Act. Is there anywhere I can refer (and possibly cite) articles that lists down minor type of crimes such as petty theft, posession of drugs, etc. (not necessarily done by minors) that involves police or other authorities?
Relevant answer
Answer
Common examples include minor assault and drug offenses (i.e., possession of a prohibited amount or a utensil), public nuisance, public intoxication, public urination, unlawful possession of the suspected stolen property, and trespass.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
Specialization in political science, international relations and human rights.I wanted to stay on the subject of global crime organizations..
Relevant answer
You could deal with the relationships between rulers, economic policies, the media and justice actions in corruption. It would be very interesting.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Aggression is one of the core international crimes as Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and war crimes.
Relevant answer
Answer
The answer to the question over whom the Courts have jurisdiction with respect to aggression is to be found in Rome rather than in Kampala, or even in New York.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
Interested in ways of beginning research to look at causes of at risk behavior on high crime and violence subculture of Kansas City
Relevant answer
Answer
Different patterns of development in psychosocial maturity from adolescence to adulthood, especially with respect to impulse control and suppression of aggression, distinguished among individuals who followed different trajectories of antisocial behavior.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
7 answers
Background:
That in observed instances and Perception of Corruption index reports, Police have detained motorists or coerced them into parting with bribes. That in many countries, Police lack the necessary tools for on-the-spot inspection and preservation of evidence e.g cameras or online mobile devices. That even when the Police cause a vehicle to be driven to Police stations, the Police stations lack the necessary equipment to provide Inspection as anticipated in respective Traffic Acts. That on matters Traffic, the Police stations become centers of extortion, frustration and inconvenience as opposed to service and facilitation for the benefit of motorists. That in many countries, there is no tracking of how many stops and inspections Police conduct in their daily routine thus leaving room for abuse of these random checks and stops.
This project seeks to establish the circumstances that lead to the lack of transparency in Traffic policing activities
References:
1. Police Corruption Perceptions Index: https://www.indexmundi.com/surveys/results/1
3. Crime, Poverty and Police Corruption in Developing Countries: https://www.cmi.no/publications/file/3078-crime-poverty-and-police-corruption.pdf
4. Core Factors of Police Corruption Across the World: https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/publications/core_factors.pdf
5. Australia struggles to improve global corruption perception ranking: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=7b4c3fea-fd7b-47f0-a455-29b047413c7e
6. To Serve and Collect: Measuring Police Corruption: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1144321?seq=1
8. What Do Corruption Indices Measure?: https://uh.edu/~gujhelyi/corrmeasures.pdf
9. Police (mis)behavior: a cross‐cultural study of corruption seriousness: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/13639510510614609/full/html?skipTracking=true
10. WHAT DETERMINES CORRUPTION? INTERNATIONAL EVIDENCE FROM MICRO DATA: https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w10460/w10460.pdf
Relevant answer
Answer
Police stations with digital capacities maintain e-record of daily reports. For instance city I live, city department used to post on it's website the daily record of the interactions including report numbers with the citizens.To my knowledge, police departments If they do not have digital capacity, they maintain a "register" (hard copy) ( FIR reports) of the daily interactions with the citizen. Any interaction that police officers do not include in the daily report means police officer interacted outside legal authority. Thanks and Regards, Prit Kaur
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
  • According to Environmental Criminology, Environment can be divided into three aspects as Social, Built and Natural Environment. When doing such research regarding Urban Property crimes, What are the Specific Social factors that can be identified in Urban areas?
  • And also What kind of methodology would be the best for data gathering?
Relevant answer
Answer
Shaw and McKay compared delinquency rates in various areas within twenty-one cities and concluded that three urban conditions promote high delinquency rates: poverty, racial heterogeneity, and mobility, with poverty surfacing as the most important factor.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
I am trying to figure out whether language can help in avoiding the frauds in online shopping particularly in Pakistan, It has become a common practice in Pakistan that the sellers are doing frauds by not sending the ordered stuff rather they send low quality or used stuff and then block the buyer.I am trying to analyse the language of these sellers that they use in ads. or in communication with the buyer , whether it shows any similarity or any particular pattern. That might help people to understand not to buy from such sellers. My query is that, is my work relevant to forensic linguists in any way? if yes, which method of analysis should i acquire for my research?
Regards
Asma Saif Ullah
Relevant answer
Answer
Perhaps, this research domain falls in the field of forensic linguistics.
Registered branded companies usually use good and formal English which the fraudulent groups may not be doing.
I think forensic author analysis will help you. Comparing the authorial styles of the fake companies and the branded companies will be helpful in this regard.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
I conduct a research related to the nexus of nationalist groups and organized crime in Turkey. I will try to focus on the aims and roots (state, gladio or other factors as organized crime ) of the nationalist groups.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you dear colleague for this relevant question
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
8 answers
The study seeks to investigate Greek culture of behavior and religious beliefs in order to show that Oedipus in the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles had sinned against the cannons of gods and embedded religious beliefs and practices and , therefore, his case was not a deterministic 'ways' of God, rather an act of crime and punishment.
Relevant answer
Answer
NO !!, because he did not know or was aware of what he was doing; what he suffered, according to Greek Mythology, was not a punishment, BUT A SELF PUNISHMENT, guided by the "SINO" or "FATUM" -classic protagonist of Greco-Latin mythologems- before the conscience, "a posteriori" of the infringed incest taboo, as a mere "toy" of the "gods" and without freedom to choose, as in all Classic Tragedy or, later, Romanticism.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
During an article review process recently, I went through a bad experience of research publications by some authors. These authors copied and pasted a published work with their name. It is just robbery and editors must check its plagiarism in start and in case of such blunder, there should be a mechanism in place to report such errors. It is not only a crime, but also a waste of time for editors and reviewers. I personally feel that such authors should be punished such as blacklisted by renowned journals and their respective institutions.
Relevant answer
Answer
I COMPLETELY AGREE !!: Plagiarism, besides being something dishonest and immoral, at least in my country and in the European Union -EU-, IS A CRIME !! (even political leaders and ministers have had to resign because they have been shown to have been kidnappers); is an execrable act that undermines and STEALS the most precious heritage of a Researcher and a Scientist: THEIR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, which is loved as SOME CHILDREN OF THEIR INTELLECT ... therefore, in Spain and in the EU, it is persecuted and sanctioned (eg, students can be expelled if one is discovered), in addition serious, impactful and indexed magazines use "ad hoc" programs that detect them and the "author" who is caught and evidence of such unworthy conduct, his alleged and false "original" is dismissed and he is put on a "black list" of plagiarists available to other Magazines; They are also used by the Faculty for the Student Work. IN FRONT OF THE LACRA OF PLAGIARISM, ZERO TOLERANCE !!!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
1 answer
Hello, please forgive any errors as English is not my primary language.
I am looking to study crime rate over a period of time in a given county. I am looking for a correlation between independent variable of public unrest over police brutality and a dependent variable of crime rate. I would like to compare a period of time before a certain high-profile public police incident with the time period since that incident, and how crime rate has changed, if at all.
My question to esteemed researchers here. Would a bivariate correlation be the best test for this in SPSS? If not, what would you suggest?
Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
I see that after quite some time this has gotten almost no reads. Is there a way to boost the viewership of my question?
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
[Courtesy: Medscape]
This is a systemic failure on many levels- who all are culpable?
Is this practice continuing, on a more subtle basis?
Who supervises the supervisors?
Should non-medical people oversee the administration of Ethics Boards?
Relevant answer
Unfortunately, we know that there are abuses of human rights. I always remember the movie The Constant Gardener (2005), by the Brazilian director Fernando Meirelles, based on a novel by John Le Carré, about the abuses of the pharmaceutical industry, with drug tests on human beings in Kenya, carried out under the pretext of preventing the spread of AIDS.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
Is it possible to do prevalence study using total number of cases recorded yearly?And what are possible statistical framework can be done to compare the prevalence of two time series data?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Yoganageswarry,
I'm a bit unclear as to your specific goal, so this response may not be as focused as you might prefer.
If your aim is to compare the trajectory of the two time series (for crime "A" and crime "B" types), you could:
1. Regress frequency on year for crime "A" and likewise for crime "B", and test whether the regression coefficients were equal for the two models (probably have to test linear, quadratic, cubic, etc. models).
2. Run a chi-square test of independence for crime type and year, compiling the frequencies as the cell observations for the 2 x 18 table.
3. Use the Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness of fit test to compare the distributions of cases over time. You'd be constructing two cumulative relative frequency distributions (e.g., time 1 = year 2000 cases only; time 2 = year 2000 + year 2001 cases...).
If you have some other aim in mind, perhaps you could elaborate your query.
Good luck with your work.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
78 answers
Dear Colleagues!
What is the process of forming the concept of "crime"? Can the concept of "crime", which is used in laws and scientific literature, be considered objective? Or, on the contrary, this concept is the result of social construction? Who can take part in creating the concept of "crime": scientists, lawmakers, judges?
Sincerely, Andrey Skorobogatov
Relevant answer
Communication and languageare also fundamental in this question. The impact of a law passes through social channels at various levels and is not always accessible to all, this is known to the political elite of the historical moment in which the law is channeled. Thus, for example, and in line with multidisciplinary research, it is not appropriate to explain or define forensic language without transcending the circumstances that motivate communication so that this type of language occurs. Communication times within forensic language are essential because communication is the basis for understanding and reading the different social processes as discursive elements of communication and interaction between the different social actors. The diversified social actors generate the “social action” necessary to explain this type of language on its way to a different level such as the “social process”. When this “social process” is channeled, new referents necessarily enter such as questions of relationship, opposition, bonding or exclusion, when these are evaluated from a communicative perspective within forensic language.
Under this same referential parameter, the explanation of the reasons for the use of this “forensic symbolic language” could be implemented to maintain their communicative levels within what we call incomprehension, failure, dehumanization, segregation, marginalization, discrimination, exclusion. Exclusion in the context of forensic language communication analysis can be pathological, as the condition of submission is created in the face of misunderstanding by “social referents”, producing “forensic linguistic hetero-gloss” where contact between different, interference between languages ​​and the conflict between languages ​​of different social levels. It is enough to cite in this sense, the fact that in the legal field, especially in family courts and in the environments that surround them, a language is used that affects and sharpens the levels that end in what we should call “Crime”, And where forensic linguistics plays an important role because “social violence” or “gender violence” is observed: the man is the bad guy, the man has no rights and the woman is always a victim because she appears relegated “a priori” to a lower level than the male.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
Hello,
I am currently working on my thesis and I am trying to investigate the link between the adoption of certain AML policies and local crime rate across different American countries - South, Central and Northern America.
I am aware that most crime statistics are going to be quite unreliable in a sense that the law inforcement operates and reports crime with different intensity in each region. Also the fact that a crime is not reported/person not incarcerated does not mean it did not happen.
Putting these issues aside, is there any reliable source of such data? I know Eurostat's database is quite good and I am looking for something similar, but regarding the American region (except the United States, where the records are quite extensive). Also, monthly statistics or classification by the type of crime (narcotis or money laundering related) would be really helpful for my analysis. Also, I am not planning on working with statistics coming from surveys or witness testimonies, I prefer the actual police or other institutional reports.
I am working with the UNODC database for now, but wanted to try and see if there is anything better out there.
Thank you for your help!
Relevant answer
Answer
The question is literally, "Where can I find the best crime statistics for the US region?" and to her he responded; Now, according to the new twist that she has given, I totally agree with the new answer from Dr. Robert J Louden. Thank you and very good luck!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
I'm looking for benchmark datasets for kidnapping detection from surveillance cameras. Are there any good datasets that could help me with achieving this?
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
With the fast-passed Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the aid of Information and Communication Technology, at the behest of 4th Industrial Revolution (4.IR) and beyond – precipitates the uncertainty of the future of criminal law. There are criminal law scientists who extrapolate that criminal law faces extinction post human conduct. The fear is exacerbated by the fact that under the 4.IR – there is anticipation of deep machine learning, robotization of criminal conduct and that conduct of human beings will be non-existent. This defies the orthodox practice of criminal law which main predicates liability on human conduct.
Considering the statement above, critically evaluate the impact of 4.IR on commission of crime. Provide practical examples where possible. Support your arguments with relevant legal literature and case law.
Relevant answer
Answer
A challenge is for all Sciences u look from the use of information and communication technologies that drive the digital transformation in order to achieve a high level of competition at all costs
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
There is fear of the fact that under the 4.IR, there is anticipation of deep machine learning, robotization of criminal conduct and that conduct of human beings will be non-existent. How will this really affect the practice of Criminal Law?
Relevant answer
Answer
A challenge is for all Sciences u look from the use of information and communication technologies that drive the digital transformation in order to achieve a high level of competition at all costs
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
19 answers
What are the causes of crime, and how can criminal behaviour be satisfactorily defined?
Association theory: learned through the environment
Atavistic theory
Biology
Relevant answer
Answer
I think there are different resaons for crime like:
Unemployment, poverty, society, drugs, culture, family conditions....
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
There is some great research regarding temporal and spatial analysis of crime, but what about by day of week. Is there a specific study that stands out above the rest?
Relevant answer
Answer
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
14 answers
It is seen that violence and crime among young people has increased during pandemic, what can be done to desist youth from doing this.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks all for your valuable inputs.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
Imitation of research ideas is a common crime in academics. A relatively less reputed researcher has always the possibility that his/her research ideas might be imitated. If he/she submits a very good paper to one of the most celebrated journals of his/her discipline, the paper might be desk-rejected without citing any reason. After a couple months later on one good morning, the researcher might find that almost a similar paper has been published in a journal of similar rank and the day becomes a very bad indeed!
What should be the right strategy for a researcher having a relatively small size of network for protecting imitation of his/her research ideas from people possessing much larger network? Should he/she go for forging into a tacit agreement with the author / co / associate editor(s) of the journal knowing fully well that it is also a academic crime?
Relevant answer
Answer
I still believe true scholarship cannot be imitated or challenged in long run.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
I am preparing to write my thesis about the Crime of Aggression and its definition. However, I am struggling to come up with good research questions that are neither too open, nor too closed.
Grateful for any input.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you for your answer. As the Crime of Aggression has only been activated mid-2018 (and states have the possibility to ratify the amendment while opting-out of its applicability to them through state referral) there are no cases so far.
I was thinking along the same lines, doing an analysis of the most critical parts of the definition, looking into different interpretations and then choosing the one I would propose and give my reasoning. But proposing an alternative definition appeals as well.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Globally, late payment to construction contractors remain a lingering commercial issue in the construction industry. The problem is exacerbated by array of factors; with huge negative consequences on contractors and other supply chain in the sector (The National Audit Office (NAO) 2018). Recent statistic reveals that there has been substantial increase from 18% to 27% in the number of late-payment cases in the UK construction industry; with over £30 billion of unpaid invoices to Small and Medium-Sized (SMEs) contractors alone. Moreover, 82% of the total unpaid invoices were monies owed to subcontractors by different tiers of construction clients.
Standard forms of contract and various payment regulations exist to checkmate chronic late payments issues that is deep-rooted in the construction sector. Yet, there is hardly evidence or case law that suggest punitive measures against clients that are involved in unfair payment practices. For example, various payment laws such as the Payment Services Regulations 2017, the Late Payment of Commercial Debts Regulation (2013), The Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act (2015) and the Public Contract Regulation (2015), etc clearly criminalises defaulters of payment laws.
Conversely, victims of unfair payment practices are often reluctant to seek legal redress; though payment regulations clear stipulate punitive measures against unfair payment practices. Perhaps, withholding payment from contractors is not a financial crime; but a mere industry strategy that benefits both perpetrators and victims. Yet, research that seek to explain the relationship between misconduct (criminality) and business strategy underpinning lingering late payments quandary in the construction sector are scarce.
Thus, the research question: Is late payment to construction contractors a financial crime or magnificent commercial strategy?
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Ian Ross,
Thanks for your detail analysis and contribution to my question. The issue of late payment to contractors remain a chronic issues that requires indepth study.
I am curremtly writing a paper on this subject and I will like to seek your option on issues arising from this subject.
I will reach out to you very soon.
Once again, thanks
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
Hi All,
I am planning my Msc dissertation and I want to find dataset(s) from crime scenes and information about the criminals linked to these crimes. Ideally, I would like personal traits as well other than sex, age, race, and income, or previous convictions.
What I am trying to do is try to create a predictive model where investigators will insert data of a new crime scene and the model will give them the profile of a criminal they should be looking for.
I understand these datasets may exist but not be available to the public. There is plenty of information online about crimes, crime scenes, and the offenders but they are scattered around in books, articles and websites and it will take too long to gather it all in a dataset in time. I need quite a few records in order to have meaningful results and avoid as much as I can, possible bias.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you so much, I appreciate your help, there is a lot there.
Most require permission, I hope I can get it.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
I am currently a student pursuing my B.A in Criminal Justice and I am about to start my final/senior project to be awarded my degree. I would like to focus my research on Juvenile Delinquency/Crime and Violence.
Relevant answer
Answer
Effect of social media, tv among other media are making young people consider their heros the people on tv especially the action pact ones.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
Hi all,
I am looking for a measure to help me investigate whether vignettes about a scenario around individuals with different characteristics makes participants more fearful of being the victim of a crime in that scenario. I would really appreciate any existing measures that people are aware of in this area or perhaps in a similar area that could be adapted. Kind regards, Kim
Relevant answer
Answer
Great thank you
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
Article 27 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation provides the following:
"If a person commits an intentional crime that by negligence leads to unintentional consequences, which by law require more severe punishment, then such a crime as a whole is considered intentional".
The most clear example of such a crime is Part 4 Article 111 of the Code: Part 1 provides for a person, intentionally causing grave bodily injury to be punished with up to 8 years of imprisonment. Under Part 4 the same crime, that by negligence leads to death of a victim, is punished by up to 15 years of imprisonment.
I came across "preterintenzionale" mens rea in the Italian criminal doctrine: Article 584 of the Italian Criminal Code provides for liability of a person negligently causing death in committing battery. It's not clear to me whether it is introduced in the Italian Code as a general rule.
In German criminal law there are similar offences (Article 176 as an example), but there is no general rule, as in Russia. The same goes with French "le doi indetermine".
To put it in the context of my research. There is Article 124 of the Russian Criminal Code - not providing a patient with needed medical assistance, that negligently leads to medium\grave bodily harm or death. This composition might constitute intentionally denying medical attention which leads to inadvertent detrimental effects.
Researchers are split: some state that this is a case of double mens rea and it should be considered an intentional crime. Some state that double mens rea requires committing an intentional criminal offence that leads to negligent harm, and denying medical care is not a crime in itself, becoming one only in case of harm occuring.
The problem is, that every major scholar cites as an example only crimes such as Article 111: where the occurrence of socially dangerous consequences is provided as qualifying composition of the same Article, i.e. only when it is explicitly envisioned as such by the legislator.
I, on the other hand, think that there is a case for the Article 124 being a double mens rea crime, because of its relation to the Article 125 - "Endangerment" (leaving a person in danger if this danger is imposed by a perpetrator or if they have a duty of care to the victim). This crime is for sure intentional, and If it leads to relevant consequences it might be qualified under Article 124, and be as a whole intentional under Article 27.
I'd very grateful for your input, and much obliged if you provided relevant research.
Relevant answer
Answer
Guilt is a fundamental principle of criminal responsibility that reveals the subjective attitude of a person to his socially harmful conduct (acts and omissions) and its consequences penalised by law. A person is considered innocent until proven guilty. Criminal law does not impose criminal responsibility for the conduct penalised by law if the guilt has not been established. Guilt defines the character and gravity of an act or omission, which qualifies as a crime.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
It's been a long time since I learned to do quantitative research and analyse statistics. I've now found myself doing a study where I have no idea how to process the data once it's collected.
I'm trying to ascertain whether there's a causal link between tolerance to ambiguity in risk and young people's involvement in crime.
I've sent out a questionnaire which has some questions about general background and involvement in crime, a copy of the Adolescent Risk Taking questionnaire and an behavioural-economic lottery task to ascertain tolerance to risk-ambiguity.
I've read up on loads of different ways to analyse data and all of them sound equally possible and problematic.
Any suggestions?
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, you are right. I produced a linear regression too in my dissertation( if you live in UAS or Europe), in Brazil is a thesis. Sometimes we need to use many analytics forms for phenomenon understood.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
I am interested in the literary origins of noir crime writing.
Can anyone recommend the very best, or 'must read', works on either the novelist Ernest Hemingway or the subject of the 'Forgotten Man' (that is American veterans of WWI and the mass unemployed of the Great Depression)?
Many Thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
Its a pity this has not heretofore been answered. I do not know of essays etc but there were a number of writers who filled in the gap but not necessarily by alluding to the war as such or in depth. Scott Fitzgerald's stories of social and personal dissociation demonstrate the effects of the conflict.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
8 answers
I am looking for any resources which may be useful in a study I am conducting on the impacts that language may have on our perception of crimes. I will be using headlines which convey a particular crime in a variety of lights; one which may appear to justify the perpetrator's actions, and one which portrays the crime in a neutral, non-biased way. I am looking for sources/previous studies which may back up this idea.
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes, it can. I would also suggest using CDA methodology. A word's dictionary and contextual meanings may be used as a starting point.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
9 answers
Is there a real necessity and emphasis for a "neighbourhood policing" approach to be adopted nationally across all forces? How big of an impact does it have on crime? Public perception /expectations of policing? If utilised resourcefully will it have any impact on the engagement of the public?
Relevant answer
Answer
"The necessity of community engagement within neighbourhood policing”
Neighbourhood policing with an emphasis on citizen and community engagement is a philosophy widely based on Sir Robert Peels nine, “Peelian Principles” (College of Policing, 2014) that date back to 1829 (Gov.UK, 2012). These fundamental principles do and will continue to underpin the core values of current policing models and according to Higgins, (2018, pp. 5-6) the future of neighbourhood policing will be integrated and publicly connected. College of policing, (2013) defines “engagement as a process that enables citizens and communities to participate in policing at their chosen level”. This literature review will try to address the necessity for community engagement and will attempt to explore the potential benefits.
The relevant information needed to conduct this review came from several resources, including online websites, organisational reports, and journal articles within the UK (United Kingdom), although it must be noted that robust, large-scale evaluations on community engagement are limited within the UK, and earlier literature on the benefits of community engagement is based on beliefs rather than actual benefits.
Much has been written about what constitutes neighbourhood policing with an emphasis on the benefits of engagement with communities, however the most useful understanding of community engagement is provided by the College of policing (2013), who suggest, by empowering the people within the community, and being inclusive on local issues and implantations, offers more of a pro-active approach to tackling local issues, (College of policing, 2013). These principles are backed in law under section 34 of the, Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act, (2011), stating that chief officers of police should be inclusive of community opinion, supply information on policing activities and hold regular community meetings to find and address local issues, (Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act, 2011).
The police foundations review of the literature, (2009), “Citizen Focus and Community Engagement”, highlights that even though community policing is difficult to define, they argue that the effectiveness of neighbourhood policing depends on the interaction
Page.1
between the police and the community, utilising a customer-focused approach, (Police foundation, 2009), however it only suggests the potential benefits, not the physical benefits of engagement. Methods used fit the purpose of the review, but as it relies on earlier research it could be argued that it is biased.
In support of this, the “National Policing Improvement Agency” (2012), ‘Community engagement in policing’, also argue a strong theoretical case for communities engaging with the local police to help resolve local issues however, they argue that the system of community consultation falls short of its intended aims, Myhill. A, (2012, pp. 34-42). Results are mixed on actual physical benefits of engagement and again methods used were comprehensive so could be argued the results are biased. Based on US (united States) research rather than UK based and in collaboration with the “National Reassurance Policing Programme” however, (Rogers et al., 2015) suggests the main benefit of engagement is police legitimacy, he also suggests that police and community interaction is vital in reducing crime in contrast, the NPIA, (2013) results conclude a large effect size on disorder and anti-social behaviour and also feelings of safety but a small effect size on reduction of crime overall, , Myhill. A, (2012, pp. 34-42).
Most of the literature, wholly or in part centres around actively seeking community engagement, (College of Policing, 2013) and ways in which to achieve this, also the potential benefits that could arise from such interactions however, all are based on theory and as mentioned on page, (1) potential benefits are only perceived benefits not actual benefits. Literature based on actual benefits is limited and have some disparities making it impossible to prove a definitive conclusion around the aspect of necessity of community engagement within the context of neighbourhood policing. None of the literature could fully conclude a consensus on the actual benefits these interactions have on reducing crime only perceived levels of crime, the only piece of literature conducted on a larger scale and within the remits of the question came from a report from the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner, Sarah Boycott who conducted an unprecedented in policing rigorous test, ‘Operation Wholestone,’ which focuses on neighbourhood engagement and what works. Exploring ways in which to actively engage the community into neighbourhood policing,
Page.2
it concluded that even though engagement interventions, especially door-to-door sign ups increased overall however, the effect size was marginal on respondents propensities to actively engage with police, Boycott. S, (2018, pp. 7-9) Methods used are effective as wholly based on face-to-face interactions covering a large complex area, supplying rich up to date data.
Since neighbourhood policing is a new concept in the history of policing, only introduced in the 1970’s, the police foundation, (2015, pp. 3-19) meant that resources on this aspect was limited.
To conclude, the evidence suggests that engagement of communities will continue to underpin policing at all levels, (College of Policing, 2013) but, only in part did the evidence suggest a ‘necessity’ to engage with the local communities. Opinions are conflicting on potential benefits of engaging with communities as, evidence suggests that these benefits are perceived benefits rather than physical benefits, (the police foundation, 2009) The support for the engagement of communities within the context of neighbourhood policing comes from reliable sources however, due to disparity of evidence in support of the physical benefits of engagement and small effect size of UK research, further research would be needed to resolve this issue.
Cambridge Dictionary (2020) Meaning of necessity in English. Available at: NECESSITY | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary (Accessed: 12 December 2020)
College of Policing (2014) Code of Ethics. Available at: Code_of_Ethics.pdf (college.police.uk) (Accessed: 09 December 2014).
College of Policing (2013) Engagement and communication. Available at: Engagement (college.police.uk) (Accessed: 09 December 2020).
Boycott, S. (2018) Engagement. Available at: ITEM-05-Local-Policing-and-public-engagement-WMPCP-14-JAN-2019.pdf (westmidlandspcp.co.uk)(Accessed: 13 December 2020).
Gov.UK (2012) Definition of policing by consent. Available at: Definition of policing by consent - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk) (Accessed: 10 December 2020).
Higgins, A (2018) The future of neighbourhood policing. London: Available at: TPFJ6112-Neighbourhood-Policing-Report-WEB_2.pdf (police-foundation.org.uk) (Accessed: 10 December 2020).
Myhill. A (2012) Community engagement in policing. National Policing Improvement Agency: Available at: Microsoft Word - 121115_Community engagement, Reprinted report v1.0_AM.doc (college.police.UK) (Accessed: 13 December 2020).
Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011, c.5. England and Wales Available at Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (legislation.gov.uk) (Accessed: 12 December 2020).
Rogers, C. et al. (2015) 'The expert citizen: The key to future police legitimacy?', SAGE journals, 88(2), pp. 95-105
The Crime Prevention website (no date) The Peelian principles. Available at: The Peelian Principles | The Crime Prevention Website (Accessed: 10 December 2020).
The police foundation (2009) Citizen Focus and Community Engagement. Available at: citizen_focus.pdf (police-foundation.org.uk) (Accessed: 13 December 2020)
The police foundation (2015) Neighbourhood policing: Past, present and future. Thames Valley: Available at Police Foundation Neighbourhood Policing Report.qxd (police-foundation.org.uk) (Accessed: 14 December 2020).
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
I made two different interaction (ANOVA) with two similar IV (gender and attraction) and two different DV (minor crimes and sexual harassment). Do you know on any test that can compare the pattern of the two interaction? some post-hoc test that will explain if the two interaction share the same pattern of connection?
Thank you
Galit
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you- I hope regression will be enough to justify that these interactions are similar.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
I hypothesized that crime trips (distance traveled by offenders for crime) have a curvy-linear relationship with age of offender where increase in age (independent variable) up to certain age increases the crime trips (dependent variable) and further increase in age of offender decreases the crime trips. To seek for the same, i have used the curve estimation graph but i am not getting from the graph that either there is curvy-linear relationship or not. I also wanted to know that is it correct method for the same problem and if there are other methods to deal?
Relevant answer
Answer
Michael A. Cretacci offers you a few good suggestions. How are these crime trips measured? Are people using cars? Traveling by foot? Maybe that matters, and you might see some effects depending on the type of travel. I see some of the people appear to be young, so they, for instance, would be less likely to travel very far to commit crime due to their age. Also, are all these people in the same place? That could matter because, for example, in some cities people would have access to public transportation they might not have in other places.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
I am working on a study of African American crime and detective writing in the 1950s and 1960s. What are the best books or articles on the race riots in Chicago, Newark and Lod Angeles in the 1960? Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
I am conducting research on identity theft and I am trying to look at historical traits and overlay them on a map of the US to identity areas which are more prone to this type of crime. I am looking to associate a theoretical framework with my study and I am struggling as multiple frameworks are out there which could be the foundation of my study. Any thoughts, please?
Relevant answer
Answer
It is believed that religious or spiritual groups may have an effect on violence. If you look at the patterns and regions of the U.S. map, you might find that some areas are subject to this form of crime in a manner close to the theory of religiosity and crime of the moral cultures. In other terms, areas of the country are more interested than others, this is the first aspect of the idea. With regard to the particular criminal viewpoint that might clarify violence among citizens, Gottfredson & Hirschi's self-control or Hirschi's bond theory could be pursued.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
Is there a law anywhere requiring a mandatory post-mortem on the body of any person suspected of extreme anti-social behavior (EASB)? A record of available information from medical and childhood reports on the dead person should also be prepared. Persons who die in violent attacks on others would be covered by such a requirement.
A related law might deal with mandatory medical and psychiatric examination of living individuals convicted of serious crimes related to EASB.
Such laws may give us information related to possible biological causes of EASB. This is obviously a controversial topic, but one of considerable importance to all of us. Critics from one side would ask if such research could damn people who have not committed any crime. Critics from the other side would ask if researchers are looking for excuses for criminal behavior. The greatest sense of responsibility has to be displayed by people who suggest legal provisions to support this research.
It would be valuable if the information and biological specimens are made available to research labs of standing working on this topic.
A few articles on related topics are listed below.
1) Antisocial behavior and polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor gene: findings in two independent samples https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26390829
2) How to spot a murderer’s brain
Relevant answer
Answer
When the rule permeates and becomes part of the development of an individual's identity, criminality can be stopped. Except, of course, for crimes linked to brain disorders. In general youth crime is caused by an irregular personality and the issues that must be resolved at the moment; healthy development of personality and the incorporation of legal elements for the deviation from the correction of personality preference;
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Brazilian science has never suffered so many attacks from the Brazilian government like in the past two year. Recently, we published the article "BRAZIL’S RESEARCH BUDGET: ENDLESS SETBACKS" (EXCLI Journal 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.17179/excli2020-2887) that brings the disastrous journey of destroying research funding in Brazil. The current policy of strong cuts in science funding, the culture of anti-science and the apology for the lack of reasonableness has helped to destroy the bases of what sustains Brazilian science. How to get out of this bottleneck and why Brazilian society is inert to this crime of injury to the country?
Relevant answer
Thanks Prof Michael.
Cheers,
Lucindo
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
9 answers
In India, According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data on suicides, 10,281 farmers committed suicide in 2019, down from 10,357 in 2018, whereas the figure for daily wagers went up to 32,559 from 30,132.
Relevant answer
Answer
Following
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
2 answers
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Abrar. I agree with Gabriel Max Sepúlveda. I believe it is a good idea to strengthen any study on hot spots and prevention of situational crime which discusses the possibilities of criminal displacement: the removal of criminal activities resulting from certain crime prevention actions. As well as something about the spread of crime.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
7 answers
It is common knowledge that architecture plays an essential role in defining the cityscape and its cultural identity.
In the face of rising cases of global tourism, violent crime and conflict, can architecture be used as a tool for promoting global peace and how?
Relevant answer
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
We are doing a research study about the drug and crime related photographs published by The New York Times during President Duterte’s administration from 2016 to 2019.
President Duterte is the president of the Philippines.
This is our exact title for this specific research:
STORIES BEHIND IMAGES: Experts' Opinion on Drug and Crime Related Photographs Published by The New York Times During President Duterte's Administration.
We are looking for suggestion so that we're be able to come up for better angles. Thanks!
Relevant answer
Answer
As I think, it is better to think about the published explanation too alone with the photograph. Then you can analyze the effect of both explanations and the photograph on society.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
Currently, I am doing research on crime mapping in the ArcGIS environment. Then I need to find the following correlations;
  • correlation between each crime
  • correlation in distance from roads and the crime
  • correlation in urban areas and the crime
  • correlation in urban areas and the crime
  • correlation in the location of the religious places and the crime
Kindly, anyone can suggest methods to correlate these parameters?
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
I am currently looking for up to the minute research or research within the last 18 months or so which details the effect that the venezuelan crisis is having on venezuelan society. Preferably non-partisan as there is a tendency to just blame the Venezuelan government rather than considering the wider causes.
Anything on:
health
social divisions
crime
cultural division etc.
Relevant answer
Answer
Niamh Grogan Hi, thanks for the help. My current work in this area has ended. However, anything added here may help others searching for something similar.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
To identify a financial fraud, e.g. money laundry, AI deployment is not new. Given a large dataset, many machine learning techniques can identify patterns to help to identify these rare events.
Is it possible for some crime lords with bottomless resources to deploy an AI to outsmart the Anti-Fraud-AI (in short: AFAI)? In fact, this is quite easy to answer. The simplest solution would be to flood the financial transaction database with fake positives. An Anti-Anti-Fraud AI (in short: AAFAI) would first identify some fraud patterns, which are most likely identified by the AFAI, then do millions of fake transactions with similar patterns. Other solutions may exist as well.
So what should (or would) an AAAFAI do? and of course, an AAAAFAI do? can this continue infinitely?
Relevant answer
Answer
This is also true for terrorist activities over the Internet and terrorism financing. AI could very easily be adopted in countering the finance of terrorism. Best,
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
Butt, U. M., Letchmunan, S., Hassan, F. H., Ali, M., Baqir, A., & Sherazi, H. H. R. (2020). Spatio-Temporal Crime HotSpot Detection and Prediction: A Systematic Literature Review. IEEE Access, 8, 166553-166574.
This paper was published on the 8th of September 2020. The authors state in the abstract:
The authors were unable to find a comprehensive study on crime hotspot detection and prediction while conducting this SLR. Therefore, to the best of author’s knowledge, this study is the premier attempt to critically analyze the existing literature along with presenting potential challenges faced by current crime hotspot detection and prediction systems.
Below I enlist relevant papers omitted by the authors, including our SLR paper of the same scope:
1. Kounadi, O., Ristea, A., Araujo, A., & Leitner, M. (2020). A systematic review on spatial crime forecasting. Crime Science, 9(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-020-00116-7
2. Hardyns, W., & Rummens, A. (2018). Predictive policing as a new tool for law enforcement? Recent developments and challenges. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 24(3), 201–218. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s10610-017-9361-2.
3. Seele, P. (2017). Predictive Sustainability Control: A review assessing the potential to transfer big data-driven ‘predictive policing’ to corporate sustainability management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 153, 673-686. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.175
I wonder whether you can do a thorough review circle from submission to acceptance in 7 days and if incorrect information should be corrected.
Finally, what is the opinion of the authors and the Editor-in-Chief on this matter? We asked for it but received none.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Ourania,
I guess I have a bit more nuanced view on this. In case of a non-review article, I encourage my co-authors always to add 'to the best of our knowledge', as there is an enormous amount of material out there and it is almost impossible nowadays to have a complete overview of all publications that appeared in a particular field. It is also a bit rethoric I guess, as you want to show the added value of your work.
In case of a systematic literature review it might be different. Normally a methods section is included in which the choices of keys and databases is explained and legitimized. For instance, if the authors argue to do a systematic literature review based on web of science from 2010-2020, it might explain why other reports and articles are not adopted/considered. On the one hand, one can argue that especially in established fields of research it is good to limit the review to the database with the highest quality journals only (this is different in case of emerging fields of course, as many material may be published as grey literature and in non-ranked journals as well). On the other hand, if the articles you refer to are in fact meeting the selection criteria but are not adopted in the review article, this provides indications that the review is very weak . But even in that case I am not completely sure whether an erratum is necessary, as we as scientists always build on each others work and always show weaknesses in previous research in order to legitimize our additional research. So maybe you have to see this article as a (weak) stepping stone that should encourage you to do a better job.
hope this helps, vincent Blok
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
6 answers
discussion on how the police will engage the community including academic institutions and business owners together with private security industry.
Relevant answer
من خلال تفعيل دور الشرطة المجتمعية وهذا موجود في كثير من بلدان العالم
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
5 answers
I am currently working on a research paper and my research question is about how false memories alter eyewitness identification. I am looking for articles that can point me in this direction as I have been interested in the Innocence Project for years and wonder how false memories play such a huge role in how the eyewitness identifies an innocent person of a crime. I know this a multifaceted research question that has many different factors, I have narrowed it down to interviewer and eyewitness interaction, and our natural unconscious effort to create false memories to fill in the gaps. So if there is anyone who has worked on a journal regarding this, please send it my way. Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hey Elyse!
I research the cross-race effect which has been implicated in eyewitness memory errors. It is also called the other race effect, and own race bias. Check out Meissner or Hugenberg's work.
Good Luck with the paper!
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
I am examining problem-solving court (PSC) effectiveness relative to community-level crime and arrest rates. Though I know the UCR dataset works best by agency (ORI), it would be impossible to merge this with my PSC data and have it make sense. These types of courts invariably cover counties in their jurisdictions. Knowing the limitations of county-level imputation of the UCR data, I am limiting my analysis to after 1994 and would like to use the Coverage Indicator variables as a validity measure.
Does anybody have a recommendation for where to set the cutoff? I have been searching the literature that uses UCR data and cannot find a standard.
Any help you can provide would be greatly appreciated.
Relevant answer
Answer
Do you have access to Maltz & Targonski's (2002) publication addressing the use of county-level UCR data? Cutoff levels may be addressed in this research. Let me know if you need a copy.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is likely to drive a range of security threats - conflict and militancy in sub-Saharan Africa.
Patience with government is starting to wane as the economic impact of restrictions is increasingly felt. As there are signs that patience is starting to wear thin as COVID-19 tests and results continue to contribute to the low levels of trust in governments.
While COVID-19 has taken centre stage, conflicts have continued uninterrupted. As Islamist militants in the Sahel and Mozambique have both carried out large-scale attacks in recent weeks, likely hoping to capitalise on distracted governments to advance their interests. In Lake Chad, Islamist militant group Boko Haram, seeks to discredit regional governments and recruit new members.
In the Sahel, the crisis is having a far more disruptive impact on the work of aid agencies, which are struggling to transport staff and supplies, and is likely to worsen humanitarian conditions in several conflict hotspots. COVID-19 is also likely to see conflict resolution processes and peacekeeping deprioritised amid travel freezes and budget cuts.
In the longer term, economic stress will push crime rates upwards. Routine patrols may be deprioritised in favour of enforcing curfews and reducing the spread. Organisations sending staff and executives on short-term trips will also need to plan for longer visits as they navigate travel restrictions, increasing their exposure to criminal activity.
Your contributions are needed.
For Ref, see.
Thomaz Favaro. COVID-19 – the security impacts in Africa. Control Risks. 1 Jun 2020. - https://www.controlrisks.com/our-thinking/insights/covid19-the-security-impacts-in-africa
Relevant answer
Answer
Fantastic question! I would suggest starting with the work of the African Center for Strategic Studies. They have published a lot on how Covid relates to sub-Saharan African security studies over the past few months.
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
12 answers
How have the COVID-19 Lock-downs (or stay at home orders) impacted crime?
We provide some initial thoughts in this recent paper (available for free download) but are looking for more insight from front-line practitioners (police, corrections, government leaders, security, health care, and more) across many disciplines. We expect the results to be mixed and data and location dependent. Do you have unique data to share? What insights can you provide? What does this say about the best ways to prevent crime in the future?
Relevant answer
Answer
I have shared your interesting question on one of the most resourceful COVID-19 threads here on RG, see
I hope for many meaningful contributions...
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
3 answers
My conept paper " Review of Working Hours in the Light of Increasing Unemployment, Automation and Falling Ethical Standards- An Indian Perspective"" has become more relevant due to loss of emplymens following COVID-19 pandemic.
Time to link work hours in a day with rate of economic growth. Employ 02 persons for 04 hours work a day, instedd of 01 for 08 hours. All will get livelyhood, crime will be under check. Increase work hours a day as ecomnomy mproves.i
Relevant answer
Answer
Take a look at my recent article which addresses some of your questions on crime and routine activities. https://rdcu.be/b48cv
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
4 answers
Are there any databases that share Crime and COVID-19 data prediction?
Relevant answer
Answer
I provide some ideas and comments on data in this paper: https://rdcu.be/b48cvit
  • asked a question related to Crime
Question
14 answers
Safety is very important to secure prosperous l;ife,and many factors are considered|
1-less noise.
2-less pollution
\3-less crimes
4-less drug abuse
5-less terrorism
6-more health
7-good finance.ities don't have to be rich to be safe, the report says, although it acknowledges that cities in developing countries tend to appear lower down the list.