Questions related to Crime
I am looking for public domain translations into English of the classic Bengali crime stories of Priyanath Mukhopadhyay (1855—1947). I think he wrote in the Calcutta Review, and that something there might be in English?
Darogar Daptar were pioneering Bengali crime stories written around the start of twentieth century or late nineteenth century inspired by Arthur Conan Doyle. The author was a police inspector himself, so there might even be a little Vidocq element involved.
Recent crime data of aged population of Japan, South Korea, and US depict a rising trend. So crime among the elderly are on the rise! Can anyone theoretically link this phenomenon? I have gone through some theories- 'Age-Crime Distribution', 'Life-Course Perspectives', and 'Maturation' which are constructed on the premise that crime will reach peak at a certain age (late adolescence) and decline again. These theories assume the strong dominance of biological constructs. The hypothesis in these theories will remain fixed regardless of the change in time, race, geography, and economy. However, there are some factors like 'Self-Control' and 'Social Institutional Ingredients' are not considered yet.
Can anyone recommend some alternative theories to explain the phenomenon 'Crime at old age'?
Thanks a lot.
"Committing a crime violates social laws, while deviant behavior violates social norms and rules" (Sociological Theories of Crime - July 27, 2021).
Having a deviant behaviour may or may not lead a person to commit a crime. Can anyone help me understand how does having a deviant behavior lead a person to commit a crime? How much push/power a person with deviant behavior need before he/she commits a crime? Please provide citation for any references (sociology journals, government websites, law journals, courts documents, other reading materials).
I am specifically looking for what stop these people from committing criminal acts. If they passed the hurdle (not bounded by the factor that stops them), what stop them to commit only one criminal act (self-reflect, intervention and punishment by the law come to my mind)? If there are some studies done regarding this for any type of criminal acts, I would like to read them.
There must be something regarding people committing crimes with no discernible deviant behaviors.
There is an upsurge recently in the activities of bandits, militants, and kidnappers in many less developed nations in contemporary time culminating into mirage of socio-ethical problems and insecurity.
This conversation came up amongst some colleagues recently and I'm curious to hear people's opinions.
If you are collecting qualitative data through interviewing and an interviewee discloses that they are considering suicide, or being abused or abusing someone else, is the interviewer required to report that information? What about if the interviewee discloses that they committed a crime against someone else?
This assumes the interviewer isn't already a mandated reporter.
Does anyone know if there are any reference values (i.e., thresholds, service levels) for urban planning practices and analysis, considering the following indicators?
1) criminality/criminal occurrences (*)
2) accidents between vehicles and pedestrians
3) average volume of motorized traffic (in urban areas)
Are there international standards, for example, from ISO or another institution? I would appreciate it if anyone could point out a reference source (link to an article, report, or standard) to support the information.
Thank you for your attention.
(*) For crime, I found only the Homicide Rate as a reference indicator (but without thresholds). This indicator seems to me to be extremely limiting since it ignores other types of crimes that are more common and affect more people, such as robberies (with or without weapons) and theft, in addition to neglecting sexual crimes and assaults (also grave) and vandalism (lighter). It seems that focusing only on homicides is reductionist and omits other risks to the population.
Research has shown the importance of emotional aspects as a mark of quality of teacher-student relationships, recognizing them as strong predictors for better achievement. Today there are laws for almost any crime including crime of passion. However one very morally challenging area is that of faculty-student intimate relationships where there are no threats, deception, nor offers and both parties are at age of consent .
So what objection can we make to such intimate relationships in which professors and students in their classes who have professional responsibility for them freely enter ?
For my master's thesis I have conducted a within-subjects design vignette study. In this study I created three variables: a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for plants, a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for humans, and a variable in which the respondents had to measure their fear of crime for animals. The respondents had to complete all the three questions and the three questions had the same corresponding vignette. I want to compare the means between these three variables. The people had to describe their fear of crime on a scale ranging from 1 to 10. Please help me which SPSS test I can use.
In crime analysis, I oftentimes analyze the socioeconomic status of respondents. However, many of my results have shown that they do not necessarily influences crime experience of respondents. Whereas, examination of criminal occurrence in the environment proof otherwise. Therefore, I need scholarly and professional advice on the question.
Thank you all.
Raji, A. A.
I'm simply trying to state that the British vernacular uses "extortion", a serious crime, to describe food or drink they feel to be expensive.
It seems that unless someone else has done a literacy analysis on the term you know to be common place it is next to impossible to evidence.
Example: "Meal was great, but the prices are extortionate."
Thanks in advance.
I am doing a thematic analysis for my undergraduate Psychology degree in forensic psychology. I am analysing how newspaper articles report violent crimes in terms of how the victims and offenders are portrayed and how there are sex and race differences in the themes of reporting the crimes. I was aiming to do a certain time period of newspaper articles (e.g. 3 months worth) but now I have only covered Jan and there are already so many articles but some are small. How many articles are recommended for my thematic analysis? Thank you.
I have data about cases of suicide in prison. No data from people who did not commit suicide, i.e. no comparison group. I have data on the sex (binary), crime (categorical) and sentence (continuous) of each person who commit suicide. How can I best use this data? I guess I can calculate the odds ratio as a measure of association between each of those variables and the outcome (suicide), e.g. the odds of women committing suicide compared to men. But would you recommend that I first conduct a test of association? If so, would that be chi square for sex and Pearson's for crime and sentence? Thank you!
I need to find the number of full time (officer and civilian) law enforcement officers for as many years as possible. I know that uniform crime reports has some data, but I can't seem to find too many years. Anyone know of an already constructed data set?
If I could find part time data too that might be nice. I also need law enforcement spending (total - federal, state, and local).
Intentional cruelty to animals is strongly correlated with other crimes including violence against people.I wil conduct my research on Animal Cruelty facts and stats,Laws and how it can be stop.
when make a study of corporate frauds and crimes , one notices always that corruption takes place when when one faces threat of punishment due to non compliance’s of laws .In india Satyam , Enron or ILFS are examples of corporate crimes arising out of non compliance’s .
I'm looking for a database that contains unedited surveillance style videos of crimes occurring. I will be using Video Data Analysis to answer various questions about the crimes, so all types of crimes are welcome. I've use YouTube and similar sources in the past but there are methodological issues with this technique and limited sources.
I am conducting research on the crime prediction system, however, I am struggling in obtaining the proper crime datasets. The data that I am looking for supposed to have the following attributes:
1. Criminal name
11. hair color
12. eye color
16. blood type
17. image (required)
If anyone knows about the datasets related to the attributes mentioned above, please let me know. I really need your help. Thank you in advance.
it is for my friend's thesis work. she needs your help in finding any literary works to study ideology.
Immunity rules have always been quite controversial. Many scholars believe that to grant immunity to eg, Head of State or other state officials goes contrary to the fundamental principle of justice and human rights, especially if those state officials are charged with crimes of jus cogens status.
So, does this mean, immunity should be denied as a defence to charges involving of allegation of crimes of jus cogens status (eg, genocide, crimes against humanity etc) regardless of the national or international character of the jurisdiction concerned?
After some research, I have learned that if two parties at disputes are two states, then the other state always has to respect the immunity of the other state (due to the principle of state sovereignty and equality-eg, Arrest Warrant Case). But eg, if an arrest warrant was issued by the International Criminal Court, the answer will be different. Al Bashir Case showed how the ICC denied immunity as a defence by getting around with Art. 98 of the Rome Statute.
I am looking for a published article or a reputable source such as Acts, explaining the types of crimes. I have come across several crimes under Major Crime Act. Is there anywhere I can refer (and possibly cite) articles that lists down minor type of crimes such as petty theft, posession of drugs, etc. (not necessarily done by minors) that involves police or other authorities?
Aggression is one of the core international crimes as Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity and war crimes.
Interested in ways of beginning research to look at causes of at risk behavior on high crime and violence subculture of Kansas City
That in observed instances and Perception of Corruption index reports, Police have detained motorists or coerced them into parting with bribes. That in many countries, Police lack the necessary tools for on-the-spot inspection and preservation of evidence e.g cameras or online mobile devices. That even when the Police cause a vehicle to be driven to Police stations, the Police stations lack the necessary equipment to provide Inspection as anticipated in respective Traffic Acts. That on matters Traffic, the Police stations become centers of extortion, frustration and inconvenience as opposed to service and facilitation for the benefit of motorists. That in many countries, there is no tracking of how many stops and inspections Police conduct in their daily routine thus leaving room for abuse of these random checks and stops.
This project seeks to establish the circumstances that lead to the lack of transparency in Traffic policing activities
1. Police Corruption Perceptions Index: https://www.indexmundi.com/surveys/results/1
2. Police Corruption is becoming a Pandemic too: https://www.transparency.org/en/news/police-corruption-is-becoming-a-pandemic-too
3. Crime, Poverty and Police Corruption in Developing Countries: https://www.cmi.no/publications/file/3078-crime-poverty-and-police-corruption.pdf
4. Core Factors of Police Corruption Across the World: https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/publications/core_factors.pdf
5. Australia struggles to improve global corruption perception ranking: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=7b4c3fea-fd7b-47f0-a455-29b047413c7e
6. To Serve and Collect: Measuring Police Corruption: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1144321?seq=1
7. Measuring Corruption: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057%2F9781137023865_3
8. What Do Corruption Indices Measure?: https://uh.edu/~gujhelyi/corrmeasures.pdf
9. Police (mis)behavior: a cross‐cultural study of corruption seriousness: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/13639510510614609/full/html?skipTracking=true
10. WHAT DETERMINES CORRUPTION? INTERNATIONAL EVIDENCE FROM MICRO DATA: https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w10460/w10460.pdf
- According to Environmental Criminology, Environment can be divided into three aspects as Social, Built and Natural Environment. When doing such research regarding Urban Property crimes, What are the Specific Social factors that can be identified in Urban areas?
- And also What kind of methodology would be the best for data gathering?
I am trying to figure out whether language can help in avoiding the frauds in online shopping particularly in Pakistan, It has become a common practice in Pakistan that the sellers are doing frauds by not sending the ordered stuff rather they send low quality or used stuff and then block the buyer.I am trying to analyse the language of these sellers that they use in ads. or in communication with the buyer , whether it shows any similarity or any particular pattern. That might help people to understand not to buy from such sellers. My query is that, is my work relevant to forensic linguists in any way? if yes, which method of analysis should i acquire for my research?
Asma Saif Ullah
I conduct a research related to the nexus of nationalist groups and organized crime in Turkey. I will try to focus on the aims and roots (state, gladio or other factors as organized crime ) of the nationalist groups.
The study seeks to investigate Greek culture of behavior and religious beliefs in order to show that Oedipus in the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles had sinned against the cannons of gods and embedded religious beliefs and practices and , therefore, his case was not a deterministic 'ways' of God, rather an act of crime and punishment.
During an article review process recently, I went through a bad experience of research publications by some authors. These authors copied and pasted a published work with their name. It is just robbery and editors must check its plagiarism in start and in case of such blunder, there should be a mechanism in place to report such errors. It is not only a crime, but also a waste of time for editors and reviewers. I personally feel that such authors should be punished such as blacklisted by renowned journals and their respective institutions.
Hello, please forgive any errors as English is not my primary language.
I am looking to study crime rate over a period of time in a given county. I am looking for a correlation between independent variable of public unrest over police brutality and a dependent variable of crime rate. I would like to compare a period of time before a certain high-profile public police incident with the time period since that incident, and how crime rate has changed, if at all.
My question to esteemed researchers here. Would a bivariate correlation be the best test for this in SPSS? If not, what would you suggest?
This is a systemic failure on many levels- who all are culpable?
Is this practice continuing, on a more subtle basis?
Who supervises the supervisors?
Should non-medical people oversee the administration of Ethics Boards?
Is it possible to do prevalence study using total number of cases recorded yearly?And what are possible statistical framework can be done to compare the prevalence of two time series data?
What is the process of forming the concept of "crime"? Can the concept of "crime", which is used in laws and scientific literature, be considered objective? Or, on the contrary, this concept is the result of social construction? Who can take part in creating the concept of "crime": scientists, lawmakers, judges?
Sincerely, Andrey Skorobogatov
I am currently working on my thesis and I am trying to investigate the link between the adoption of certain AML policies and local crime rate across different American countries - South, Central and Northern America.
I am aware that most crime statistics are going to be quite unreliable in a sense that the law inforcement operates and reports crime with different intensity in each region. Also the fact that a crime is not reported/person not incarcerated does not mean it did not happen.
Putting these issues aside, is there any reliable source of such data? I know Eurostat's database is quite good and I am looking for something similar, but regarding the American region (except the United States, where the records are quite extensive). Also, monthly statistics or classification by the type of crime (narcotis or money laundering related) would be really helpful for my analysis. Also, I am not planning on working with statistics coming from surveys or witness testimonies, I prefer the actual police or other institutional reports.
I am working with the UNODC database for now, but wanted to try and see if there is anything better out there.
Thank you for your help!
I'm looking for benchmark datasets for kidnapping detection from surveillance cameras. Are there any good datasets that could help me with achieving this?
With the fast-passed Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the aid of Information and Communication Technology, at the behest of 4th Industrial Revolution (4.IR) and beyond – precipitates the uncertainty of the future of criminal law. There are criminal law scientists who extrapolate that criminal law faces extinction post human conduct. The fear is exacerbated by the fact that under the 4.IR – there is anticipation of deep machine learning, robotization of criminal conduct and that conduct of human beings will be non-existent. This defies the orthodox practice of criminal law which main predicates liability on human conduct.
Considering the statement above, critically evaluate the impact of 4.IR on commission of crime. Provide practical examples where possible. Support your arguments with relevant legal literature and case law.
There is fear of the fact that under the 4.IR, there is anticipation of deep machine learning, robotization of criminal conduct and that conduct of human beings will be non-existent. How will this really affect the practice of Criminal Law?
There is some great research regarding temporal and spatial analysis of crime, but what about by day of week. Is there a specific study that stands out above the rest?
Imitation of research ideas is a common crime in academics. A relatively less reputed researcher has always the possibility that his/her research ideas might be imitated. If he/she submits a very good paper to one of the most celebrated journals of his/her discipline, the paper might be desk-rejected without citing any reason. After a couple months later on one good morning, the researcher might find that almost a similar paper has been published in a journal of similar rank and the day becomes a very bad indeed!
What should be the right strategy for a researcher having a relatively small size of network for protecting imitation of his/her research ideas from people possessing much larger network? Should he/she go for forging into a tacit agreement with the author / co / associate editor(s) of the journal knowing fully well that it is also a academic crime?
I am preparing to write my thesis about the Crime of Aggression and its definition. However, I am struggling to come up with good research questions that are neither too open, nor too closed.
Grateful for any input.
Globally, late payment to construction contractors remain a lingering commercial issue in the construction industry. The problem is exacerbated by array of factors; with huge negative consequences on contractors and other supply chain in the sector (The National Audit Office (NAO) 2018). Recent statistic reveals that there has been substantial increase from 18% to 27% in the number of late-payment cases in the UK construction industry; with over £30 billion of unpaid invoices to Small and Medium-Sized (SMEs) contractors alone. Moreover, 82% of the total unpaid invoices were monies owed to subcontractors by different tiers of construction clients.
Standard forms of contract and various payment regulations exist to checkmate chronic late payments issues that is deep-rooted in the construction sector. Yet, there is hardly evidence or case law that suggest punitive measures against clients that are involved in unfair payment practices. For example, various payment laws such as the Payment Services Regulations 2017, the Late Payment of Commercial Debts Regulation (2013), The Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act (2015) and the Public Contract Regulation (2015), etc clearly criminalises defaulters of payment laws.
Conversely, victims of unfair payment practices are often reluctant to seek legal redress; though payment regulations clear stipulate punitive measures against unfair payment practices. Perhaps, withholding payment from contractors is not a financial crime; but a mere industry strategy that benefits both perpetrators and victims. Yet, research that seek to explain the relationship between misconduct (criminality) and business strategy underpinning lingering late payments quandary in the construction sector are scarce.
Thus, the research question: Is late payment to construction contractors a financial crime or magnificent commercial strategy?
I am planning my Msc dissertation and I want to find dataset(s) from crime scenes and information about the criminals linked to these crimes. Ideally, I would like personal traits as well other than sex, age, race, and income, or previous convictions.
What I am trying to do is try to create a predictive model where investigators will insert data of a new crime scene and the model will give them the profile of a criminal they should be looking for.
I understand these datasets may exist but not be available to the public. There is plenty of information online about crimes, crime scenes, and the offenders but they are scattered around in books, articles and websites and it will take too long to gather it all in a dataset in time. I need quite a few records in order to have meaningful results and avoid as much as I can, possible bias.
I am currently a student pursuing my B.A in Criminal Justice and I am about to start my final/senior project to be awarded my degree. I would like to focus my research on Juvenile Delinquency/Crime and Violence.
I am looking for a measure to help me investigate whether vignettes about a scenario around individuals with different characteristics makes participants more fearful of being the victim of a crime in that scenario. I would really appreciate any existing measures that people are aware of in this area or perhaps in a similar area that could be adapted. Kind regards, Kim
Article 27 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation provides the following:
"If a person commits an intentional crime that by negligence leads to unintentional consequences, which by law require more severe punishment, then such a crime as a whole is considered intentional".
The most clear example of such a crime is Part 4 Article 111 of the Code: Part 1 provides for a person, intentionally causing grave bodily injury to be punished with up to 8 years of imprisonment. Under Part 4 the same crime, that by negligence leads to death of a victim, is punished by up to 15 years of imprisonment.
I came across "preterintenzionale" mens rea in the Italian criminal doctrine: Article 584 of the Italian Criminal Code provides for liability of a person negligently causing death in committing battery. It's not clear to me whether it is introduced in the Italian Code as a general rule.
In German criminal law there are similar offences (Article 176 as an example), but there is no general rule, as in Russia. The same goes with French "le doi indetermine".
To put it in the context of my research. There is Article 124 of the Russian Criminal Code - not providing a patient with needed medical assistance, that negligently leads to medium\grave bodily harm or death. This composition might constitute intentionally denying medical attention which leads to inadvertent detrimental effects.
Researchers are split: some state that this is a case of double mens rea and it should be considered an intentional crime. Some state that double mens rea requires committing an intentional criminal offence that leads to negligent harm, and denying medical care is not a crime in itself, becoming one only in case of harm occuring.
The problem is, that every major scholar cites as an example only crimes such as Article 111: where the occurrence of socially dangerous consequences is provided as qualifying composition of the same Article, i.e. only when it is explicitly envisioned as such by the legislator.
I, on the other hand, think that there is a case for the Article 124 being a double mens rea crime, because of its relation to the Article 125 - "Endangerment" (leaving a person in danger if this danger is imposed by a perpetrator or if they have a duty of care to the victim). This crime is for sure intentional, and If it leads to relevant consequences it might be qualified under Article 124, and be as a whole intentional under Article 27.
I'd very grateful for your input, and much obliged if you provided relevant research.
It's been a long time since I learned to do quantitative research and analyse statistics. I've now found myself doing a study where I have no idea how to process the data once it's collected.
I'm trying to ascertain whether there's a causal link between tolerance to ambiguity in risk and young people's involvement in crime.
I've sent out a questionnaire which has some questions about general background and involvement in crime, a copy of the Adolescent Risk Taking questionnaire and an behavioural-economic lottery task to ascertain tolerance to risk-ambiguity.
I've read up on loads of different ways to analyse data and all of them sound equally possible and problematic.
I am interested in the literary origins of noir crime writing.
Can anyone recommend the very best, or 'must read', works on either the novelist Ernest Hemingway or the subject of the 'Forgotten Man' (that is American veterans of WWI and the mass unemployed of the Great Depression)?
I am looking for any resources which may be useful in a study I am conducting on the impacts that language may have on our perception of crimes. I will be using headlines which convey a particular crime in a variety of lights; one which may appear to justify the perpetrator's actions, and one which portrays the crime in a neutral, non-biased way. I am looking for sources/previous studies which may back up this idea.
Is there a real necessity and emphasis for a "neighbourhood policing" approach to be adopted nationally across all forces? How big of an impact does it have on crime? Public perception /expectations of policing? If utilised resourcefully will it have any impact on the engagement of the public?
I made two different interaction (ANOVA) with two similar IV (gender and attraction) and two different DV (minor crimes and sexual harassment). Do you know on any test that can compare the pattern of the two interaction? some post-hoc test that will explain if the two interaction share the same pattern of connection?
I hypothesized that crime trips (distance traveled by offenders for crime) have a curvy-linear relationship with age of offender where increase in age (independent variable) up to certain age increases the crime trips (dependent variable) and further increase in age of offender decreases the crime trips. To seek for the same, i have used the curve estimation graph but i am not getting from the graph that either there is curvy-linear relationship or not. I also wanted to know that is it correct method for the same problem and if there are other methods to deal?
I am conducting research on identity theft and I am trying to look at historical traits and overlay them on a map of the US to identity areas which are more prone to this type of crime. I am looking to associate a theoretical framework with my study and I am struggling as multiple frameworks are out there which could be the foundation of my study. Any thoughts, please?
Is there a law anywhere requiring a mandatory post-mortem on the body of any person suspected of extreme anti-social behavior (EASB)? A record of available information from medical and childhood reports on the dead person should also be prepared. Persons who die in violent attacks on others would be covered by such a requirement.
A related law might deal with mandatory medical and psychiatric examination of living individuals convicted of serious crimes related to EASB.
Such laws may give us information related to possible biological causes of EASB. This is obviously a controversial topic, but one of considerable importance to all of us. Critics from one side would ask if such research could damn people who have not committed any crime. Critics from the other side would ask if researchers are looking for excuses for criminal behavior. The greatest sense of responsibility has to be displayed by people who suggest legal provisions to support this research.
It would be valuable if the information and biological specimens are made available to research labs of standing working on this topic.
A few articles on related topics are listed below.
1) Antisocial behavior and polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor gene: findings in two independent samples https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26390829
2) How to spot a murderer’s brain
3)Antisocial Behavior: Causes & Symptoms https://study.com/academy/lesson/antisocial-behavior-causes-symptoms.html
Brazilian science has never suffered so many attacks from the Brazilian government like in the past two year. Recently, we published the article "BRAZIL’S RESEARCH BUDGET: ENDLESS SETBACKS" (EXCLI Journal 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.17179/excli2020-2887) that brings the disastrous journey of destroying research funding in Brazil. The current policy of strong cuts in science funding, the culture of anti-science and the apology for the lack of reasonableness has helped to destroy the bases of what sustains Brazilian science. How to get out of this bottleneck and why Brazilian society is inert to this crime of injury to the country?
In India, According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data on suicides, 10,281 farmers committed suicide in 2019, down from 10,357 in 2018, whereas the figure for daily wagers went up to 32,559 from 30,132.
It is common knowledge that architecture plays an essential role in defining the cityscape and its cultural identity.
In the face of rising cases of global tourism, violent crime and conflict, can architecture be used as a tool for promoting global peace and how?
We are doing a research study about the drug and crime related photographs published by The New York Times during President Duterte’s administration from 2016 to 2019.
President Duterte is the president of the Philippines.
This is our exact title for this specific research:
STORIES BEHIND IMAGES: Experts' Opinion on Drug and Crime Related Photographs Published by The New York Times During President Duterte's Administration.
We are looking for suggestion so that we're be able to come up for better angles. Thanks!
Currently, I am doing research on crime mapping in the ArcGIS environment. Then I need to find the following correlations;
- correlation between each crime
- correlation in distance from roads and the crime
- correlation in urban areas and the crime
- correlation in urban areas and the crime
- correlation in the location of the religious places and the crime
Kindly, anyone can suggest methods to correlate these parameters?
I am currently looking for up to the minute research or research within the last 18 months or so which details the effect that the venezuelan crisis is having on venezuelan society. Preferably non-partisan as there is a tendency to just blame the Venezuelan government rather than considering the wider causes.
cultural division etc.
To identify a financial fraud, e.g. money laundry, AI deployment is not new. Given a large dataset, many machine learning techniques can identify patterns to help to identify these rare events.
Is it possible for some crime lords with bottomless resources to deploy an AI to outsmart the Anti-Fraud-AI (in short: AFAI)? In fact, this is quite easy to answer. The simplest solution would be to flood the financial transaction database with fake positives. An Anti-Anti-Fraud AI (in short: AAFAI) would first identify some fraud patterns, which are most likely identified by the AFAI, then do millions of fake transactions with similar patterns. Other solutions may exist as well.
So what should (or would) an AAAFAI do? and of course, an AAAAFAI do? can this continue infinitely?
Butt, U. M., Letchmunan, S., Hassan, F. H., Ali, M., Baqir, A., & Sherazi, H. H. R. (2020). Spatio-Temporal Crime HotSpot Detection and Prediction: A Systematic Literature Review. IEEE Access, 8, 166553-166574.
This paper was published on the 8th of September 2020. The authors state in the abstract:
“The authors were unable to find a comprehensive study on crime hotspot detection and prediction while conducting this SLR. Therefore, to the best of author’s knowledge, this study is the premier attempt to critically analyze the existing literature along with presenting potential challenges faced by current crime hotspot detection and prediction systems.”
Below I enlist relevant papers omitted by the authors, including our SLR paper of the same scope:
1. Kounadi, O., Ristea, A., Araujo, A., & Leitner, M. (2020). A systematic review on spatial crime forecasting. Crime Science, 9(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-020-00116-7
2. Hardyns, W., & Rummens, A. (2018). Predictive policing as a new tool for law enforcement? Recent developments and challenges. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 24(3), 201–218. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s10610-017-9361-2.
3. Seele, P. (2017). Predictive Sustainability Control: A review assessing the potential to transfer big data-driven ‘predictive policing’ to corporate sustainability management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 153, 673-686. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.175
I wonder whether you can do a thorough review circle from submission to acceptance in 7 days and if incorrect information should be corrected.
Finally, what is the opinion of the authors and the Editor-in-Chief on this matter? We asked for it but received none.
discussion on how the police will engage the community including academic institutions and business owners together with private security industry.
I am currently working on a research paper and my research question is about how false memories alter eyewitness identification. I am looking for articles that can point me in this direction as I have been interested in the Innocence Project for years and wonder how false memories play such a huge role in how the eyewitness identifies an innocent person of a crime. I know this a multifaceted research question that has many different factors, I have narrowed it down to interviewer and eyewitness interaction, and our natural unconscious effort to create false memories to fill in the gaps. So if there is anyone who has worked on a journal regarding this, please send it my way. Thank you.
I am examining problem-solving court (PSC) effectiveness relative to community-level crime and arrest rates. Though I know the UCR dataset works best by agency (ORI), it would be impossible to merge this with my PSC data and have it make sense. These types of courts invariably cover counties in their jurisdictions. Knowing the limitations of county-level imputation of the UCR data, I am limiting my analysis to after 1994 and would like to use the Coverage Indicator variables as a validity measure.
Does anybody have a recommendation for where to set the cutoff? I have been searching the literature that uses UCR data and cannot find a standard.
Any help you can provide would be greatly appreciated.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is likely to drive a range of security threats - conflict and militancy in sub-Saharan Africa.
Patience with government is starting to wane as the economic impact of restrictions is increasingly felt. As there are signs that patience is starting to wear thin as COVID-19 tests and results continue to contribute to the low levels of trust in governments.
While COVID-19 has taken centre stage, conflicts have continued uninterrupted. As Islamist militants in the Sahel and Mozambique have both carried out large-scale attacks in recent weeks, likely hoping to capitalise on distracted governments to advance their interests. In Lake Chad, Islamist militant group Boko Haram, seeks to discredit regional governments and recruit new members.
In the Sahel, the crisis is having a far more disruptive impact on the work of aid agencies, which are struggling to transport staff and supplies, and is likely to worsen humanitarian conditions in several conflict hotspots. COVID-19 is also likely to see conflict resolution processes and peacekeeping deprioritised amid travel freezes and budget cuts.
In the longer term, economic stress will push crime rates upwards. Routine patrols may be deprioritised in favour of enforcing curfews and reducing the spread. Organisations sending staff and executives on short-term trips will also need to plan for longer visits as they navigate travel restrictions, increasing their exposure to criminal activity.
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For Ref, see.
Thomaz Favaro. COVID-19 – the security impacts in Africa. Control Risks. 1 Jun 2020. - https://www.controlrisks.com/our-thinking/insights/covid19-the-security-impacts-in-africa
How have the COVID-19 Lock-downs (or stay at home orders) impacted crime?
We provide some initial thoughts in this recent paper (available for free download) but are looking for more insight from front-line practitioners (police, corrections, government leaders, security, health care, and more) across many disciplines. We expect the results to be mixed and data and location dependent. Do you have unique data to share? What insights can you provide? What does this say about the best ways to prevent crime in the future?
My conept paper " Review of Working Hours in the Light of Increasing Unemployment, Automation and Falling Ethical Standards- An Indian Perspective"" has become more relevant due to loss of emplymens following COVID-19 pandemic.
Time to link work hours in a day with rate of economic growth. Employ 02 persons for 04 hours work a day, instedd of 01 for 08 hours. All will get livelyhood, crime will be under check. Increase work hours a day as ecomnomy mproves.i
Safety is very important to secure prosperous l;ife,and many factors are considered|
4-less drug abuse
7-good finance.ities don't have to be rich to be safe, the report says, although it acknowledges that cities in developing countries tend to appear lower down the list.