Science topics: RosalesRosaceaeCrataegus
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Crataegus - Science topic

A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.
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Publications related to Crataegus (7,597)
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Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. This study aims to evaluate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of Crataegus aronia (C. aronia) ethanolic extract and Crataegus aronia phytosome (C. aronia-p) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The phytochemical content of C. aronia was identified. The C. aronia ethan...
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The sawtoothed grain beetle Oryzaephilus surinamensis L. is a major worldwide pest of stored products. In this study, an effective lure for O. surinamensis was developed by blending six foods with high attractiveness, which consisted of oatmeal, fig, sucrose, hawthorn, cashew, millet, and wolfberry. Its luring ability varied at different population...
Article
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Context Hyperlipidemia is a highly prevalent risk factor for atherosclerosis and stroke. The currently available medications used to treat Hyperlipidemia cannot improve its oxidative stress damage. Consumption of hawthorn can regulate blood sugar and blood lipids, and its rich fruit acid is a natural antioxidant that can improve oxidative stress da...
Article
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Abstract: Background and Objective: The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is alarmingly rising. Diabetes mellitus has multi-systemic complications. One of the widespread complications is diabetic nephropathy, where patients have a progressive decline in renal function chiefly due to oxidative stress. The current study aims to counteract oxidat...
Article
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In this research, a novel synthesis of CaO nanoparticles via a green, environmentally, and economical method is developed. Crataegus pontica C.Koch leaves extract was used as a green reducing and stabilizing agent to synthesize the calcium oxide nanoplates ranging from 40 to 65 nm. The synthesized CaO NPs are characterized by scanning electron micr...
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LINKED CONTENT This article is linked to Hawthorne et al papers. To view these articles, visit https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.17042 and https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.17077
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LINKED CONTENT This article is linked to Hawthorne et al papers. To view these articles, visit https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.17042 and https://doi.org/10.1111/apt.17072
Technical Report
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On April 25th and 26th, 2022, 2 males and a female Criorhina pachymera were found and documented in flowering hawthorns in the nature reserve of Bolle di Magadino in Ticino, Switzerland. These constitute the first-known records of this large bee-mimicking hoverfly species for the canton of Ticino. Surprisingly, the three individuals all had large o...
Article
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Seven pairs of enantiomeric phenylpropanoids (1a/1b–7a/7b), including eight undescribed phenylpropanoids (1a, 2a/2b, 3a, 5a, 6a/6b, and 7b) were found in the fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. The enantiomers were separated using chiral column and elucidated through various spectroscopic methods and quantum chemical ECD calculations. The tyrosina...
Article
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Grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV) was described in Italy using a metagenomic approach: next-generation sequencing of the virus-derived small RNAs. Since that time, it has been reported all over the world. The presence of GPGV is associated with grapevine disease, but most of the time, the disease is asymptomatic. Although the host range of this vir...
Article
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El objetivo del presente artículo es ofrecer una nueva visión sobre los tópicos literarios tanto en la teoría como en la práctica, contribuyendo a la definición misma de tópico, así como estudiando las similitudes y diferencias de este concepto literario con otros, como motivo, leitmotiv o tema. Centrándonos en la evolución literaria del tópico de...
Article
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According to the phenotypic cluster analysis, Cratae-gus accessions were clustered into five main clades. The genetic diversity and population structure of seven Crataegus species were analyzed by thirteen reported and five newly designed SCoT markers. In total, eighteen SCoT markers produced 148 polymor-phic bands with 94.87% polymorphic loci. Thi...
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The desire to survive in a competitive environment mobilizes managers to make unconventional decisions to increase their product range, quality, and safety. This study aims t to create a technology of bread with increased nutritional value using bioactivated cereal mixtures and develop new bread recipes. The experiment used bioactivated wheat and m...
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This paper examines the intralayer variability and its effects on the compressibility response of Hawthorn Group (HG) soils in Central Florida. Field and laboratory testing programs were conducted at the deep foundation test site (DFTS) located at the University of Central Florida (UCF). Soil characterization methods included index, X-ray diffracti...
Article
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Improved imaging of the spatio‐temporal growth of fault slip is crucial for understanding the driving mechanisms of earthquakes and faulting. This is especially critical to properly evaluate the evolution of seismic swarms and earthquake precursory phenomena. Fault slip inversion is an ill‐posed problem and hence regularization is required to obtai...
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The hawthorns (Crataegus spp.) are widely distributed and famous for their edible and medicinal values. There are ∼18 species and seven varieties of hawthorn in China distributed throughout the country. We now report the chloroplast genome sequences from C. scabrifolia, C. chungtienensis and C. oresbia, from the southwest of China and compare them...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the influence of microwave drying with different power levels as alternative to convective drying method on drying kinetics and main quality attributes of hawthorn slice. At increasing microwave power values, higher drying rate and shorter drying time was observed. The page model was found to give best fit (R 2 > 0.9...
Article
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showed differences. Among the biochemical properties of the genotypes, the antioxidant activity, as % inhibition, ranged from 23.13 to 61.59%, the total flavonoid content ranged from 16.63 to 57.22 mg QE/100 g, and the total phenolic content ranged from 277.28 to 310.80 mg GAE/100 g. In the principal component analysis, species generally formed sim...
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Insect herbivory is one of the most important ecological processes affecting plant–soil feedbacks and overall forest ecosystem health. In this study, we assess how elevated carbon dioxide (eCO2) impacts (i) leaf level insect herbivory and (ii) the stand-level herbivore-mediated transfer of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) from the canopy to the ground i...
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In Brazil, the use of medicinal plants in the treatment of illnesses is influenced by indigenous, African and European cultures. Approximately 80% of the world population uses plants or their preparations in health care, making it a complementary therapy. Thus, the objective was to identify the indication made by doctors working in the Family Healt...
Article
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Carotid atherosclerotic plaque (CAP) is one of the leading causes of cerebral infarction. Western medicine usually uses lipid-lowering drugs to stabilize plaques. Currently, studies reporting on drugs that can reduce plaques are lacking. Here, we performed a randomized controlled study to investigate the effectiveness of acupuncture combined with d...
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This paper originally and substantially studies Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Birth-Mark" from an ecofemninsit perspective, while exploring the interconnections and interdependency between the systematic and institutional ways in which the woman and nature were dominated by male-centred society in 19 th century society. It explores the ways in which t...
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Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of optimistic expectations on job satisfaction at work and whether job crafting behaviour plays a mediating role in this effect. At the same time, this model presents the need for “expectation management” in the context of work psychology to the attention of all academics and practitioner...
Article
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The present study investigated physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities in vivo and in vitro of purified compound polysaccharides (CPs-1) from Chinese herbal medicines, composed of lotus leaf, hawthorn, Fagopyrum tataricum, Lycium barbarum, Semen cassiae, and Poria cocos with the mass ratio of 2 : 4 : 2 : 1 : 1.5 : 1. The HPGPC profile...
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Pectin is a natural complex carbohydrate widely used in the food, chemical, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Hawthorn fruit is a new source for extracting pectin. This study investigated the effects of different drying methods on the characterisation of hot-air-dried hawthorn fruit pectin (ADHFP), microwave-vacuum-dried hawthorn fruit pectin...
Article
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Background: Dyslipidemia has become a critical global issue for public health, with elevating prevalence and morbidity closely related to many cardiovascular diseases (CVD) with high incidence rates. Crataegi Folium (known as Shanzhaye in China, SZ, the leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N.E. Br. or Crataegus pinnatifida Bge) and Alis...
Thesis
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In the discussion, "Classical and neoclassical approaches of management: An overview" by Md. Sadrul Islam Sarker and Mohammad Rafiul Azam Khan (2013, in their article published in the Journal of Business and Management entitled Classical and neoclassical approaches of management: An overview, they emphasized that the classical and neoclassical appr...
Article
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important metabolic disorders associated with chronic hyperglycemia and occurs when the body cannot manage insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells and insulin resistance are the major pathophysiological factors of types 1 and 2 of DM, respectively. Prolong...
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This paper presents the physicochemical characteristics and antioxidative, antibacterial and antiproliferative effects of nineteen samples of different honey types (acacia, linden, heather, sunflower, phacelia, basil, anise, sage, chestnut, hawthorn, lavender and meadow) collected from different locations in the Western Balkans (Republic of Serbia,...
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This essay examines the theory of maternal impressions, the belief that a woman’s experiences or emotions during pregnancy could explain congenital disability or emotional/ behavior differences in her child and asks why this theory circulated as an explanation for disability seen at birth by both medical doctors and in literature for far longer tha...
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This study, which was conducted between 2020 and 2021 to record the traditional medicinal plant usage culture of the inhabitants of Güroymak (Bitlis), was the first to be conducted in the district. Face-to-face interviews with individuals with advanced ethnobotanical knowledge were conducted in the villages (29) of the district, and the medicinal p...
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Crataegus bretschneideri C. K. Schneid. is one of the species cultivated in China. Due to its unclear taxonomic classification status, the conservation and utilization of this germplasm resource have been limited. In this study, we analyzed the chloroplast genomes and nuclear sequences to reveal the taxonomic relationships among C. bretschneideri a...
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In this study some bioactive properties of extracts of wild pear (Pyrus elaegnifolia), hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), oriental hackberry (Celtis tournefortii), oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia), Japanese crabapple (Malus floribunda), rosehip (Rosa canina), pedunculate oak (Quercus robur), service tree (Sorbus domestica) and firethorn (Pyracantha coccin...
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Hawthorn leaves, which is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been used for treating coronary heart disease (CHD) for a long time in China. But the limited understanding of the main active components and molecular mechanisms of this traditional medicine has restricted its application and further research. The active compounds of hawthorn leav...
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Modern cover-collapse sinkhole development in the Brooksville Ridge of west-central Florida uncovered paleokarst solution features filled with Miocene Peace River Formation sediments. Sedimentary structures in this paleokarst fill included a 70 cm-thick package of sub-rounded and moderately well-sorted quartz sandstone, and indurated with poikiloto...
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Cultivated hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida var. major) is an important medicinal and edible plant with a long history of use for health protection in China. Herein, we provide a de novo chromosome‐level genome sequence of the hawthorn cultivar ‘Qiu Jinxing’. We assembled an 823.41 Mb genome encoding 40,571 genes and further anchored the 779.24 Mb s...
Article
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Rootstocks are an essential component in modern fruit production due to their ability to adapt scion cultivars to diverse environmental conditions and cultural practices. According to the present study, the effect of rootstock as well as the effect of cultivar and the rootstock/cultivar combination on mineral concentrations in flowers and leaves we...
Preprint
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This is a first version (in German) of the introduction to a history of sketch-stories in the USA between 1819 and 2020. Sketch-stories as a mixture of fact and fiction, description and narration served as an experimental field to develop new techniques for novels and drama. Prototypes came from W. Irving, N. Hawthorne, Melville, Child, Stein, Hemi...
Article
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Depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the current first-line treatment for depression, but they have pronounced limitations. Traditional Chinese medicine can serve as a safe and effective alternative to conventional drugs, particularly since many herbal remedies have already been...
Article
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The study evaluates the chemical composition of the volatile constituents of ten plant species traditionally used as herbal tea in the Sharri Mountain regions (Kosovo and North Macedonia). Volatile constituents responsible for the flavour and fragrance of selected species (Crataegus monogyna, Cydonia oblonga, Malus sylvestris, Matricaria chamomilla...
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Salinity is a severe abiotic problem that has harmful impacts on agriculture. Recently, biostimulants were defined as bioprotectant materials that promote plant growth and improve productivity under various stress conditions. In this study, we investigated the effect of Crataegus oxyacantha extract as a biostimulant on tomato plants (Solanum lycope...
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Understanding the plants pollinators use through the year is vital to support pollinator populations and mitigate for declines in floral resources due to habitat loss. DNA metabarcoding allows the temporal picture of nectar and pollen foraging to be examined in detail. Here, we use DNA metabarcoding to examine the forage use of honeybees (Apis mell...
Technical Report
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Rust diseases commonly occur on pome fruits ( Pomoideae ) in northern Iran. These diseases are caused by species of the genus Gymnosporangium. Gymnosporangium spp. have mainly heterodemicyclic life cycle involving unrelated hosts in Rosaceae (Pomoideae) and Cupressaceae. In the framework of this project, importance, distribution and biology of Gymn...
Article
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Hyperoside is an active ingredient in plants, such as Hypericum monogynum in Hypericaceae, Crataegus pinnatifida in Rosaceae and Polygonum aviculare in Polygonaceae. Its pharmacologic effects include preventing cancer and protecting the brain, neurons, heart, kidneys, lung, blood vessels, bones, joints and liver, among others. Pharmacokinetic analy...
Book
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Francisco Cruces (dir.) ¿Cómo leemos en la sociedad digital?: lectores, booktubers y prosumidores. Fundación Telefónica, 2017. José Antonio Cordón. Grupo E-Lectra. Universidad de Salamanca. La actividad de la lectura y la figura del lector, de los lectores, constituye uno de los frentes de interés más significativos de la investigación interdiscipl...
Article
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Context: As part of a huge project to assess Aromatic and Medicinal Plants (AMP) in the Ifrane-region, we made a list of these AMP through a floristic study, then we carried out ethnobotanical and socio-economic studies of six AMP belonging to three different genera (Lavandula L., Thymus L. and Crataegus L.). Aims: To investigate the AMP sector to...
Article
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In the present study, green nanomaterials were synthesized using hawthorn plant extract as a natural stabilizer, reducing and capping agent. Biosynthesized CdS nanoparticles (NPs) and the coupled CdS/Fe3O4 nanocomposites (NCs) have been verified by various techniques such as XRD, SEM, EDS, TEM, FTIR and Uv–Vis. The average size about 24.2 nm was es...
Book
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The fields where we pick hawthorn, wild pear, eastern strawbery tree, medlar and asparagus are either completely depleted or very scarce. It has been replaced by parceled plots, villas, apartments or supermarkets. When I think that the population of Cyprus has tripled even during my lifetime, I can't help thinking about the future of this beautiful...
Article
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The current study aimed to evaluate the chemical, phytochemical, and sensory properties; the nutritional value; and the antioxidant properties resulting from the incorporation of yogurt fortified with the aqueous extract of Hawthorn leaves in Sprague Dawley rats. The results revealed that the yogurt containing the aqueous extract from Hawthorn leav...
Article
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Background In the present research, challenges arose when many reports have been published on the poisoning of humans due to the ingestion of crops of Crataegus plants contaminated with cyanobacterial toxins. The discovery of several poisonings around agricultural zones prompted us to study the toxic compounds in a strain of Neowestiellopsis which...
Article
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Entomosporium leaf spot (ELS) is a serious hawthorn disease, which mainly causes premature leaf senescence in various hawthorn growing areas worldwide. Diplocarpon mespili is the most commonly reported pathogen causing hawthorn ELS. From 2016 to 2018, hawthorn ELS disease survey and sampling were carried out in five regions in three provinces of Ch...
Article
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HE is a natural extract with strong antioxidant capacity. Drosophila melanogaster was used to explore HE could delay aging in this study. We detected that 3 mg/ml HE could increase stress tolerance (heat, cold, starvation, oxidative stress), reduce intestinal dysfunction, and prolong the lifespan of D. melanogaster. Network pharmacology analysis sh...
Article
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Shenerjiangzhi formulation (SEJZ) is a new traditional Chinese medicine formulation (patent number: CN110680850A). SEJZ contains Eleutherococcus senticosus ( Rupr. and Maxim. ), Maxim (Araliaceae; E. senticosus radix and rhizome), Lonicera japonica Thunb (Caprifoliaceae; Lonicera japonica branch, stem), Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge (Rosaceae; Cratae...
Article
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A default consequence relation is a well-behaved collection of conditional assertions (defaults). A default conditional α|∼β\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{documen...
Chapter
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In the dream theory and literature of the Enlightenment the supernatural dream was gradually replaced by the natural one – and therefore also the supernatural by the natural nightmare. This offered the new option of nightmares with psychological meanings, i.e. as the expression of the dreamer’s fears, doubts, guilt-complexes, etc. But it also opene...
Article
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Polyphenols are strong antioxidants of plant origin that exhibit protective role against the development of several chronic degenerative diseases. Quantitative data on the content of polyphenolic antioxidants in Bulgarian medicinal plants are sporadic and unsystematic. The aim of the study is to determine polyphenols content in series of extracts,...
Book
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There is nothing like a firmly established typology of dreams – simply because the taxonomies on which existing typologies are based vary widely: They can be oneirocritical, thematic, or based on dreaming characters or their responses, on narratological functions, etc. The essays in this volume will discuss a broad range of dream types, with a spec...
Conference Paper
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Introduction When prescriptions are being processed in pharmacies and an activity occurs that requires the return to a previous procedural step to correct the process, this is known as ‘rework’ (1). This may include labelling errors or the incorrect dispensing of medications, and ultimately adds to pharmacists’ workload. Given that increasing commu...
Article
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Forests worldwide are increasingly exposed to extreme weather events. Drought deteriorates the health, structure, and functioning of forests, which can lead to reduced diversity, decreased productivity, and increased tree mortality. Therefore, it is an urgent need to assess the impact of drought on tree species. Due to differences in tree physiolog...
Article
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Nitrogen-fixing Anabaena and Chlorella pyrenoidosa algal biotechnology are known as new agricultural inputs due to their characteristics and are widely used in the field of agricultural planting. This paper discusses the application of algal biotechnology based on nitrogen-fixing Anabaena sp. The advantages of algal biotechnology based on nitrogen-...