Science topic

Copyright - Science topic

The exclusive right, granted by law for a certain number of years, to make and dispose of copies of a literary, musical or artistic work. In the United States the copyright is granted for the life of the author plus 50 years. In the case of a joint work, it is for the life of the last joint author to die, plus 50 years. In either case the copyright runs until the end of the calendar year 50 years after the author's death. (Random House College Dictionary, rev ed; Strong, W.S.: The Copyright Book: a Practical Guide, 1981)
Questions related to Copyright
  • asked a question related to Copyright
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For an oncoming study, I will need to translate and use a set of questionnaires. For translating, I will use the outline as presented here: https://doi.org/10.4103%2Fsja.SJA_203_17 , but I struggle to find any information on copyright. I am wondering whether I am allowed to just use questionnaires due to copyright issues.
I imagine I would be allowed to translate and use a questionnaire, but not publish the questions? Except perhaps if the original questionnaire is available under a Creative Commons licence?
Any input would be appreciated!
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Answer
Yes, you would be safe in the scenario you describe.
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Can anyone help me to make a copyright aggrement to submit my manuscript to Malaysian journal of sustainable agriculture.
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Some journals require copyright form to be attached during manuscript submission. Many journal provide PDF forms to be filled or online link.
Most of the journals would send an online link to fill up after the acceptance of the manuscript for publication and prior to proof reading of final article.
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I am a Ph.D. student with low experience in publication. I want to draw a diagram free of a copyright issue for my manuscript. Would you please help me in suggesting trustworthy sites and/or any other possible ways to produce a copyright-free diagrams for publishing on my article? Any related comment is welcomed. Thank you.
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Hi, you can use the QGIS to draw the map instead of copying images!
Thanks.
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I know that the main text of a published work comes under copyright, but not sure about the supporting data. Please, share your thought, comment, or any such experience on (re)using the supporting data of a published work.
Thanks
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If the supporting data is published online on the journal website, getting permission from the concerned journal team is safer. The supporting data are sometimes used to clarify the reviewer's comments. In such a case and not published by the journal online, there should not be any problem using the data. I see that the copy-right term varies with journals; it is always better to look at it to avoid conflicts after the publication.
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hi everyone, I'm trying to run a simple UDF on ansys fluent but when i compile it (build buttom) it shows me 1 error along with several warnings I will appreciate if anyone could give me a hand on this.
This is the complete output of the console along with the code
(console)
Copied D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent/D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\UDFex1.C to libudf\src
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\sconstruct.udf "libudf\win64\2d_host\SConstruct" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\scons_default.bat "libudf\win64\2d_host\scons_test.bat" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
Creating user_nt.udf file for 2d_host ...
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\makefile_nt.udf "libudf\win64\2d_host\makefile" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
(chdir "libudf")(chdir "win64\2d_host")
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host>rem
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host>rem Copyright 1987-2021 ANSYS, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host>rem
"cl.exe" no se reconoce como un comando interno o externo,
programa o archivo por lotes ejecutable.
"clang-cl" no se reconoce como un comando interno o externo,
programa o archivo por lotes ejecutable.
scons: Reading SConscript files ...
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host\SConstruct", line 8, in <module>
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host\SConstruct", line 18, in <module>
Compiler used is "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\clang-cl
Linker used is "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\lld-link
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host\SConstruct", line 148, in <module>
Copy("D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host\resolve.exe", "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\win64\resolve.exe")
c_sources ['UDFex1.C', 'udf_names.c']
c_sources_ []
scons: done reading SConscript files.
scons: Building targets ...
"C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\clang-cl /c /DUDF_EXPORTING /DUDF_NT /DWIN64 /EHa /wd4224 -Wno-return-type -Wno-implicit-function-declaration -Wno-comment -Wno-incompatible-library-redeclaration -Wno-reserved-user-defined-literal /clang:-std=c99 -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\win64\2d_host -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\main -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\addon-wrapper -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\io -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\species -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\pbns -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\numerics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\sphysics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\storage -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\mphase -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\bc -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\models -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\material -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\amg -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\util -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\mesh -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\ht -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dx -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\turbulence -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\acoustics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\parallel -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\etc -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\ue -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dpm -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dbns -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\cortex\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\client\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\tgrid\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\PRIME\tgrid\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\multiport\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\multiport\mpi_wrapper\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\include -I "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_host" -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\MSVC\14.10.25017\include -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\x64\lib\clang\10.0.0\include -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\shared -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\um udf_names.c
In file included from udf_names.c:3:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\udf.h:22:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\main\global.h:258:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\storage\var.h:10:
C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\shared\basetsd.h(322,12): warning: cast to 'void * __ptr32' from smaller integer type 'unsigned long' [-Wint-to-void-pointer-cast]
return((void * POINTER_32) (unsigned long) (ULONG_PTR) p);
^
In file included from udf_names.c:3:
C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\udf.h(79,12): fatal error: 'ud_io1.h' file not found
# include "ud_io1.h"
^~~~~~~~~~
1 warning and 1 error generated.
scons: *** [udf_names.obj] Error 1
scons: building terminated because of errors.
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\sconstruct.udf "libudf\win64\2d_node\SConstruct" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\scons_default.bat "libudf\win64\2d_node\scons_test.bat" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
Creating user_nt.udf file for 2d_node ...
(system "copy "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\makefile_nt.udf "libudf\win64\2d_node\makefile" ")
1 archivo(s) copiado(s).
(chdir "libudf")(chdir "win64\2d_node")
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node>rem
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node>rem Copyright 1987-2021 ANSYS, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node>rem
"cl.exe" no se reconoce como un comando interno o externo,
programa o archivo por lotes ejecutable.
"clang-cl" no se reconoce como un comando interno o externo,
programa o archivo por lotes ejecutable.
scons: Reading SConscript files ...
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node\SConstruct", line 8, in <module>
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node\SConstruct", line 18, in <module>
Compiler used is "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\clang-cl
Linker used is "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\lld-link
scons: warning: No version of Visual Studio compiler found - C/C++ compilers most likely not set correctly
File "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node\SConstruct", line 148, in <module>
Copy("D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node\resolve.exe", "C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\win64\resolve.exe")
c_sources ['UDFex1.C', 'udf_names.c']
c_sources_ []
scons: done reading SConscript files.
scons: Building targets ...
"C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent"\ntbin\clang\bin\clang-cl /c /DUDF_EXPORTING /DUDF_NT /DWIN64 /EHa /wd4224 -Wno-return-type -Wno-implicit-function-declaration -Wno-comment -Wno-incompatible-library-redeclaration -Wno-reserved-user-defined-literal /clang:-std=c99 -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\win64\2d_node -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\main -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\addon-wrapper -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\io -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\species -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\pbns -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\numerics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\sphysics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\storage -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\mphase -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\bc -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\models -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\material -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\amg -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\util -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\mesh -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\ht -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dx -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\turbulence -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\acoustics -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\parallel -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\etc -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\ue -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dpm -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\dbns -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\cortex\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\client\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\tgrid\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\PRIME\tgrid\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\multiport\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\multiport\mpi_wrapper\src -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\include -I "D:\Ingenieria Mecatronica\proyecto de grado (auxiliar de investigacion)\ejemplos\UDFexample\ejemplo1_files\dp0\FFF\Fluent\libudf\win64\2d_node" -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\MSVC\14.10.25017\include -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\x64\lib\clang\10.0.0\include -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\shared -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\ucrt -I C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\um udf_names.c
In file included from udf_names.c:3:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\udf.h:22:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\main\global.h:258:
In file included from C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\storage\var.h:10:
C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\ntbin\clang\10\Include\10.0.18362.0\shared\basetsd.h(322,12): warning: cast to 'void * __ptr32' from smaller integer type 'unsigned long' [-Wint-to-void-pointer-cast]
return((void * POINTER_32) (unsigned long) (ULONG_PTR) p);
^
In file included from udf_names.c:3:
C:\PROGRA~1\ANSYSI~1\v212\fluent\fluent21.2.0\src\udf\udf.h(79,12): fatal error: 'ud_io1.h' file not found
# include "ud_io1.h"
^~~~~~~~~~
1 warning and 1 error generated.
scons: *** [udf_names.obj] Error 1
scons: building terminated because of errors.
Done.
AND the code tha I'm using
#include "udf.h"
static real velx=0.0;
DEFINE_CG_MOTION(box,dt,vel,omega,time,dtime)
{
NV_S(vel, =, 0.0);
NV_S(omega, =, 0.0);
velx= 0.05*sin(3.1415927 * time / 10.);
vel[0]=velx;
message("Time=%f, vel[0]=%f/n",time,vel[0]);
}
Relevant answer
error solved
Hi everyone, I solved the problem by reinstalling visual studio 2022, also the code had an inner error, lastly I followed this guide for solve other issues https://www.cfd-online.com/Wiki/Flue...with_Fluent_13 the new code /* Moving grid problem -CG movement of a box*/ #include "udf.h" static real velx = 0.0; DEFINE_CG_MOTION(box, dt, vel, omega, time, dtime) { NV_S(vel, =, 0.0); NV_S(omega, =, 0.0); velx = 0.05 * sin(3.1415927 * time / 10.); vel[1] = velx; Message("Time=%f, vel[1]=%f/n", time, vel[1]); }
  • asked a question related to Copyright
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9 answers
Copyright permission..
Relevant answer
Prof. Biswajit Gayen: I have another perspective that is different than the other perspectives of the respected colleagues. After the paper is published, it is owned by the journal! So, you should email the journal.
  • asked a question related to Copyright
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7 answers
I'm not entirely certain how this "Start a discussion" feature works, but I'll give it a shot anyways.
I can't be the only one experiencing a co-author paraphrasing all my work so that person can maintain complete control over the publishing process. Some have said this issue happens often at the graduate level but never at the undergraduate level. I'm a non-traditional 40-something year old student who has extensive experience with civil rights and so I'm particularly sensitive to people trying to pull a fast-one on me.
In this case, the professor glitched a few times which had me researching copyrights and IP laws a long time ago. However, I waited until after graduation to raise the issue because the university has a history of retaliation when people express concerns of possible civil rights violations. The corruption runs deep at this particular institution, which bases most of its decisions on their intentional lack of policies and procedures addressing fundamental rights such as free speech and intellectual property. In other words, they remain silent on key issues in order to have as much lateral discretion as possible when making critical decisions even when those decisions are inconsistent with both laws and ethics and could potentially ruin a student's entire academic career.
One of the biggest red flags I noticed early on was the professor neglected to go over the section in our textbook that addresses authorship order and publishing rights in the chapter titled "Research Ethics."
I think my mistake was taking for granted that I viewed this entire project as my own because it was based almost entirely on my research into safe consumption sites. The experimental design, methodologies, protocols, and procedures were created by myself during her class in "Research Methods" as graded assignments. It was, and always has been, my original ideas and content from the very beginning; it just never occurred to me that this professor could, or would, even try to scrub me out like this. I trusted this person and considered her a friend and mentor!
Looking back, I cannot remember even a single instance where we had this conversation despite it being a core principle of the American Psychology Association Code of Ethics. The professor is a licensed psychologist and my degree was in psychology so you'd think that would have been something we should have covered at least once. Right?
Has anyone else experienced issues similar to this? How did you handle it? What should I do, or have done, to prevent this from becoming an issue?
Relevant answer
I find the following important note on the Wikipedia:
"A study found that over half of the uploaded papers appear to infringe copyright because the authors uploaded the publisher's version."
To see this note, you can refer to the following link
  • asked a question related to Copyright
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4 answers
Hi all,
I am posting our paper on medrxiv. I have never come across Distribution/Reuse Options to choose from and those look copyright-related. It reads:
  • © No reuse/adaptation without permission
  • CC-BY-NC-ND
  • CC-BY-ND
  • CC-BY-NC
  • CC-BY
  • CC0 (US gov or non-Gov)
What copyright options do you use for preprint servers? Any precautions?
Thanks.
Relevant answer
One of my friends was accused of plagiarism; do you know why?
After about three months, his research paper was rejected because of plagiarism. When he checked the journal report, he found that his paper was accused of plagiarism with a 61% percentage. The reason is that his manuscript was previously uploaded as a preprint. It took him another two months to solve the problem and remove the manuscript from the database of the preprint.
So, in order to solve this type of issue, it may take several months of following up to remove the manuscript from the database of the preprint. Anyhow, If there were accusations of plagiarism, it is not well for any researcher's reputation, in any meaning.
  • asked a question related to Copyright
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I am interested in sharing preprints for externally funded projects to provide open access and am wondering about the impact on the peer review process. Specifically, at what point should preprints be posted? Do preprints impact the peer review process (potential reviewers unable to complete a "blind review")? Can copyright issues arise (potentially self plagiarism as the work is previously published)? Thank you for any insight into the preprint process.
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Dear honorable researchers,
Preprints are defined as an author’s version of a research manuscript prior to formal peer review at a journal, which is deposited on a public server. ResearchGate (RG) said about "Preprints" an early-stage research. On the other side, RG is not a publisher and, in turn, uploaded unpublished text is not regarded as a publication. Hence, a preprint is an author's own original or draft version of their paper before any peer review has taken place and before it is published.
Before answering this valuable question of Prof. Brittany Hott, please let me give my own opinion about preprint:
Why you let others know about your insights and methodologies before publication? You should avoid telling the other researchers about the details of anyone of your papers until it has been published and seeing your name by yourself. You may say that I am somewhat old-fashioned, but I have a different perspective for uploading any preprint anywhere before it has been published by your name. My advice is not to put your research anywhere until it is published.
  • Your manuscript may be copied and then published by others before you can do that. This stealing of your paper might be happening. So, you must wait until the paper is accepted and then published by that journal. Then, upload that research item on any platform you wish.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem. Publish the preprint after you got the paper as "ACCEPTED".
Finally, for the coming future, do not upload any paper anywhere until it is published with your name. Even if it is a "preprint"! For the time being, If you had done something like that as a "preprint", for instance, I advise you to delete the preprint from any elsewhere and wait for two months before sending the paper to any journal.
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Hello,
I am a commercial publisher who translated an article from English to French.
This article was originally published under the Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.
I have a question about article 3 a. 1. A. ii (copyright notice).
I understand that I must indicate the existence of a copyright if the information is supplied by the Licensor with the Licensed Material.
For example, it is indicated in the original article that the copyright belongs to the authors of the article.
But does the copyright of the translated version belong to these authors or to the publishing house that translated the article?
Thanks,
François Maurice
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Assuming the publisher used skill and effort tio create the translation, then yes, the publisher owns the © in the translation. There is nothing, however, to stop you creating your own translation of the original.
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A journal accepted my paper after few days with no corrections for upcoming issue. My question is about the form sent for copyright assignment which included the word "sell" as follow
"I, Name Here, MD. (herein called the Assignor), do hereby unconditionally sell, transfer, assign and set over unto the Assignee all my right, title and interest in “Name of Article Here” (herein called the Review). The Assignee shall have the unconditional right at any time hereafter to sell, license or otherwise dispose of any and all rights in the Review, including any and all images in any medium"
Emails are sent by an off-shore company on behalf of editorial director and publisher.
I need your advice.
thanks
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Hi Amr Said, First, You should check what type of magazine your article is accepting, it will not be a predator. Kind Regards
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I am constantly barraged with requests to upload "my" published manuscripts to this site, as well as individual messages from members here for the same. It is usually wrong to oblige because the journal has the copyright, even for manuscripts that are over 20 years old. Don't get me wrong here, I'm an advocate for the open journal movement so that "non- affiliated" scientists with no affordable access to journals can have access to academia and continue to work as professional scientists, rather than Starbuck baristas while illegitimate (non-peer-reviewed) information reigns for free on the internet. BUT, we're not there yet. For my own promotional purposes, I would like nothing more than to fulfil these requests for my publications. It was a rude awakening to discover that I don't even have the legal right to send pdf's to colleagues through email. I'm old enough to remember the "50 complimentary pre-prints" that you were allowed give or snail mail to colleagues, but not much has changed: there's a paywall for every one of my papers. Until those go away, I cannot / will not upload papers here.
Let's broaden the discussion for open access journals to include the major "name brand" journals in each field, rather than having to take chances with the new upstart "open access" journals.
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Indeed, for subscription-based journals it is officially not allowed to share public full-text versions of your publications (although some have an embargo period and after that you can, and some allow pre-print versions). However, it is completely legal to provide someone a (hard)copy of your paper, even when it is normally subjected to copyright issues. See for example: https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies/copyright
“Authors can use their articles, in full or in part, for a wide range of scholarly, non-commercial purposes as outlined below:
•Use by an author in the author’s classroom teaching (including distribution of copies, paper or electronic)
•Distribution of copies (including through e-mail) to known research colleagues for their personal use (but not for Commercial Use) ….”
I am old enough as well 😉 to remember that you received 50 or so Offprints, at the time it was quite common to send the author a brief letter requesting a hard copy. Basically, nowadays such requests go by e-mail, and you can send a pdf which you receive as author (most of the times).
Beside the ‘legal’ arguments there are more practical reasons why this is normal practice:
-The publisher is unable to track what you send to/exchange with another (interested) researcher
-In the same way that ‘in the old days’ you could copy a paper (you found in the library), who check what you are doing with it?
-Exchanging info on a one-to-one base is fundamentally different than making a paper freely accessible to everyone on a platform like RG
Yes, it is ridiculous that papers that are more than 20 years old are still subjected to all sorts of copyright rules (even patents of multi-million-dollar investments have a limit protection timeframe) but requests for those interested in your work can be ‘rewarded’.
Best regards.
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For Copyright, some journals ask for charges where as others don't?? why ( in context with figures)
Isn't it suppose to be better, if information's are shared. Plus there will be an increase in citation for the particular journal.
If anyone expert in the field can highlight.
Thank You!
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Indeed, the conditions for the re-use of illustrations vary widely among different publishers, as much as any other conditions. Some publishers want to maximise revenue in the short term, even though they may lose out in the long term. This is private business.
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Hello everyone, I am interested in patent strategy cases for Amazon sellers - reports, articles with open access, etc. The copyright strategies are interesting as well, but not case studies regarding trademarks.
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I would like to use the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire in my dissertation, but I was hoping to collect my data online to minimize contact due to the pandemic. Is it possible to use this assessment online? Are there any copyright restrictions?
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CTQ-SF was derived from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, a 70-item, Likert scale questionnaire that measures five subsets: emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, and physical neglect.
An interesting paper to read
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Am currently writing a letter to the editor to a journal where I will update the old data published by another team in that same journal. If I put their main data in a column and then my data in the next one, do I still need a copyright license? I will of course cite them. Only two columns in my table will have their data as it is from two years. the other columns in my table will be having fresh data.
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puisque vous citez la source de ces informations il n’y a aucun problème, vous n’avez pas besoin de licence de droit d’auteur.
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I would like to use a questionnaire (physical activity scale for the eldery) for a research project. It seems to be copyright protected. However, I have so far been unable to contact the copyright holders. I cannot find an email address that works nore a webpage. How should one proceed? Is it enough to reference the original work?
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Copyrights must not be infringed in any way to avoid legal accountability
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Hello All,
I am doing an applied research to measure HR professional's cultural intelligence. As the Standard CQ Scale is copyrighted restrictedly for the organisations. I have to develop a tool and use cultural competence assessment tools that can cover my need. Can you please introduce the tools that are related and open to public to be used.
Thanks
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Hello,
In my thesis work I developed a new model of cultural competence from an ecological and equity-based approach. It also offer a measurement instrument based on it. I hope it may be of interest to you:
I remain at your disposal if you need any indication about the instrument.
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I am really interested in using the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) by Koopmans et al., (2013; 2014). However, I am unsure if I can freely use by citing the author it or if it is licensed and I need to ask for permission.
Any other recommendations for open access contextual performance questionnaires will be really appreciated.
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You are not obligated to ask permission to cite someone else's work. Of course it is hard for me to tell how it is regulated in your country, although it is only appropriate in this matter. I think that it is legal to perform an assessment on the basis of this questionnaire, cite the questions and of course credit the author.
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Python 2.7.2 (default, Jun 12 2011, 15:08:59) [MSC v.1500 32 bit (Intel)] on win32
Type "copyright", "credits" or "license()" for more information.
==== No Subprocess ====
>>> {'gui': None, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSelectCommand instance at 0x06676D00>, 'name': 'select'}
{'gui': None, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVDeSelectCommand instance at 0x066B00A8>, 'name': 'deselect'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x066769B8>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVClearSelection instance at 0x066B01E8>, 'name': 'clearSelection'}
{'gui': None, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVExpandSelection instance at 0x066B0328>, 'name': 'expandSelection'}
{'gui': None, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSelectAround instance at 0x066B0418>, 'name': 'selectAround'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676A08>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSaveSetCommand instance at 0x066B0530>, 'name': 'saveSet'}
{'gui': None, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVCreateSetIfNeeded instance at 0x066B0620>, 'name': 'createSetIfNeeded'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676C38>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVInvertSelection instance at 0x066B0738>, 'name': 'invertSelection'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676AA8>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSelectSetCommand instance at 0x066B0878>, 'name': 'selectSet'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676AF8>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSelectFromStringCommand instance at 0x066B0968>, 'name': 'selectFromString'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676B48>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVDirectSelectCommand instance at 0x066B0B20>, 'name': 'directSelect'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676B98>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.MVSelectSphericalRegion instance at 0x066B0C60>, 'name': 'selectInSphere'}
{'gui': <ViewerFramework.VFCommand.CommandGUI instance at 0x06676CB0>, 'cmd': <Pmv.selectionCommands.SelectNoWaterHeteroAtomsCommand instance at 0x066B0D50>, 'name': 'selectHeteroAtoms'}
charges on carbons unchanged
adding gasteiger charges to Receptor
Exception in Tkinter callback
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Program Files (x86)\MGLTools-latest\lib\lib-tk\Tkinter.py", line 1410, in __call__
return self.func(*args)
File "C:\Program Files (x86)\MGLTools-latest\lib\site-packages\AutoDockTools\autodpfCommands.py", line 1727, in chooseLigand_cb
mol = self.chooser.getMolSet()
File "C:\Program Files (x86)\MGLTools-latest\lib\site-packages\Pmv\guiTools.py", line 181, in getMolSet
if self.mode=='single': return mols[0]
File "C:\Program Files (x86)\MGLTools-latest\lib\UserList.py", line 31, in __getitem__
def __getitem__(self, i): return self.data[i]
IndexError: list index out of range
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Those errors seem to be exceptions in the source codes of the python modules you are using.
Try posting this to one of the Stack exchange sites, for questions this technical they are the best.
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Suppose if someone publish a paper in a journal and after around 2-3 years of transferring copyright to the journal, it is discontinued due to any reason. Now due to this the repository of journal is also lost and paper is no more accessible. So in this scenario, is it allowed if author of same paper go for republishing this work with another journal publishing with standard publisher like IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, ACM etc.?
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Wolfgang is correct. Assuming you assigned copyright in the paper to the then publisher, then that publisher owns the rights to it and you are NOT free to republish it. If the publisher has since gone out of business, it might have transferred all the copyrights it owned to another body, or if it did not, then your paper is a classic orphan work - in copyright but with no known owner (the owner is NOT you). Either way it's infringement if you republish, but the chances of anyone suddenly appearing and suing you for infringement is low in the case of an orphan work, rather higher if the copyright was transferred to another publisher. So this is a judgement call for you; republish and risk getting sued, or don't republish.
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I am currently working on a transfer learning model. Should I add the source code of my model in a public repository? Will it create any copyright problem? As unpublished work, the source code can be used by anyone from a public repository. What should I do?
Thanks in advance for your response.
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Github code is public unless you buy their subscription for a private repo. This is the link for pricing. Private Repos are Repos in which you code remains private. Nobody other than you and the other collaborators can see it.
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I with co-authors included almost all a table from other paper in a paper that we are going to submit, but we are not sure if we need permision for copyright to reproduce the table or is only necesary indicate the refrence of the table?
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Thanks a lot Kolita Weerasekera for your feedback
greetings
Arturo
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Predatory open access journals are fake and research published in them is actually lost. Why some of them insist to maintain the copyright?
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You asked two different questions:
1. "Why Journals that demand to keep the copyright while claiming to be open access should be treated with extreme caution?"
Both open-access and subscription-based journals demand to keep their copyright. Open access does not mean that there is no copyright. Therefore one cannot say that "journals that demand to keep the copyright while claiming to be open access should be treated with extreme caution." Once you published a paper in a journal, whether it is open access or not or whether it is predatory or not, in most cases you are not free, e.g., to publish the same paper in another journal.
2. "Why some of [predatory open access journals] insist to maintain the copyright?"
One of the definitions of predatory publishing is that it is "an exploitative business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without checking articles for quality and legitimacy, and without providing editorial and publishing services that legitimate academic journals provide, whether open access or not" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predatory_publishing). The problem is that the relation between an author and a publisher is based on a private contract (even if you do not sign a contract explicitely). One of the conditions is that the author will respect the publisher's copyright transferred by author according to the contract. This condition is independent on whether the publisher checked the paper for quality, i.e. whether it is predatory or not. If you were ever to go to court against a predatory publisher, you would realize that it is hard to find out what the publisher really promised, but that you nevertheless signed to respect his copyright.
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I have just published a book with a big international science publisher (CRC Press, a branch of Taylor and Francis). The multi-author edited book is nice and hopefully useful for many (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321016401_Grasslands_of_the_world_diversity_management_and_conservation), but the experiences with the publisher were so disappointing that some co-authors and I decided to start a public discussion on writing scientific books in the age of greedy publishers.
Here are some key facts of our collaboration with CRC/Francis and Taylor:
· The communication with the publisher was very unreliable and inefficient: e.g. did we receive various requests multiple times and the publisher “forgot” about previous written agreements.
· The typesetting as the only service provided by the publisher was very poor: about 90% of the changes made by the publisher introduced errors into previously correct text or tables and it was very time-consuming for us to find all these errors and remove them again.
· Instead of paying the authors a honorarium for their work, the publisher forced us to pay for the colour figures in our articles.
· The publisher refused to give the authors a complimentary print copy of their book (only the editors got one).
· First the publisher wanted to provide an electronic version of the chapter/book only to each corresponding author, not to all authors, and only after serious negotiations they accepted to provide e-books to all authors. We assumed that these would be functional pdf’s, but instead they received the books in a very weird e-book format with a display in an ugly and hardly readable layout (e.g. all text in bold), not allowing proper printing nor sharing parts of the content (e.g. single pages or figures) with others. This means that the authors did not receive any printed or electronic copy of that exactly corresponds to the published version of their own work.
I am extremely frustrated about the behaviour of CRC/Francis and Taylor and consider the last point as being at the edge of unethical. My feeling is that CRC might only reflect the strategy of most international science publishers to maximise profit by pressing money out of both authors and readers/libraries, while at the same time minimising the service they provide. On the other hand my gut feeling tells me that nowadays with cheap print-on-demand technology and the possibility to distribute printed or open access e-books without the need to involve a big marketing/distribution machinery should allow for other solutions.
Therefore, I would like to ask you two questions:
· Did you make similar experiences with other science publishers, or are they better or even worse?
· Do you see ways how those among us who would like to continue to write nice and useful books can do this without sacrificing themselves to profit-maximisation strategy of the big international science publishers?
Looking forward to your responses and hoping for a lively debate,
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Dengler
(ZHAW, Wädenswil, Switzerland)
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I had a positive experience with Springer. I was involved in two book chapters; the publisher sent me a hard copy of the book.
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I am Kiruthika K studying Bachelor of Occupational Therapy. I am doing a research on pregnancy. I would like to know the copyrights permission for Satisfaction of Daily Occupation scale.
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My response included the phrase "permission to USE the article in your work situation." Is there a way that I could have phrased that more clearly?
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I am Vijaya Dharshini. M pursuing my Final Year in Bachelor of Occupational Therapy from Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai. I am doing my Research project in Reducing Academic Stress among undergraduate students using a leisure activity.
So for doing this study I m using Academic Stress Scale , but the Author of the questionnaire is expired. Now from whom should I get the copyrights Permission to use this scale in my Research Project. Kindly help me out.
Thanks in Advance.
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Dear Vijaya, I also think that there is no need to seek copyrights Permission. You are using Academic Stress Scale for your research project. You just have to cite the original source of the scale in your text now and after that when you will publish your work, you have to cite it properly in your publication. Thank you.
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Hi everyone,
I am looking for a neutral video clip for my control group. I am not looking for specific face datasets, but rather a neutral video about mundane content (e.g. a person explaining something or a neutral/ordinary day-to-day activity such as making the laundry). The video clip should be around 4-5 minutes long and free to use for academic purposes (without copyright issues etc.). If anyone has any suggestions I would highly appreciate them! Thank you!
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Dear Sophie, thanks for posting this technical question on RG. As an inorganic chemist I'm absolutely not a proven expert in your field of research. However, I can suggest to you a few potentially useful links. For example, please have a look at the following article which is freely as public full text right here on RG:
Database of Emotional Videos from Ottawa (DEVO)
Also please check this link:
The Chieti Affective Action Videos database, a resource for the study of emotions in psychology
This article has been published Open Access so that it is freely accessible on the internet (see attached pdf file).
and
I hope this helps. Good luck with your work!
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Recently, I completed a review article, submitted it to the journal, and received comments/questions from the journal editor. Now, as the deadline approaches, I will submit the revised manuscript. Since I have answered the reviewers’ questions and solved all the questions they raised, but in the editor’s email, this is clearly mentioned, that is, only after you have obtained all necessary copyright permissions from the publisher , We can continue publishing. I know this is an important step, but I found that, unlike Willey ACS journals, Springer Nature journals do not provide image licenses for free. Now let me ask everyone, how to solve this problem? Since I am a student, I cannot afford huge fees. Although the manuscript is already in the review process, the images cannot be changed. What should I do now? Has anyone else encountered the same problem as me? If so, please guide me and help me get rid of the pressure...! I would be very grateful if someone guides me in the right direction.
Usman Ali Shah
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I am not sure the answer could be change the conditions of the article like OA (open access) or simply stay as a preprint. I suppose FAQs or receive help from Springer is always a help. Hope it helps
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Some labs now have websites to increase the exposure of their lab. Are you allowed to use your published figures in your own website?
Also, I don't really understand the policy of uploading papers to your website. If it's allowed here in ResearchGate so it is allowed in any website?
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bro hopefully if you got the answer then tell me how to get the permission
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I want to know whether it is right to take copyright by a non-tribe on the traditional knowledge of the tribal community.
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If the information is actively circulating in the community and the community member is conversant with it, I do not see how plagiarism would apply. There are numerous examples of indigenous peoples employing information collected by anthropologists and these range from the works of Franz Boas on the Northwest Coast peoples, to Raymond Firth's "We the Tikopia:...".
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I need appropriate figures and images for review articles
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Dear Rajesh, thank you for asking this important technical question which is certainly of broad general interest to many RG members. Copyright permission must be obtained e.g. when you use a Figure taken from an original research paper in a book chapter or a review article. I fully agree with Robert Trevethan in that obtaining permission to use copyrighted material is very easy nowadays. I only have experience with chemical journals, but there will be no major difference in physics journals. When you access an article online, you will normally find a button named "Rights and Permissions". When you click on this button you will come to a page like "RightsLink" or similar. There you are asked to answer a few questions such as if you are the author of new work (review artcile) and if it's non-commercial etc. If your are working in academia, copyright permission is normally granted for free (see the attached example). In any case make sure to add a Figure caption in your review article like e.g. "Reproduced with permission from Ref. [17]. Copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH."
Good luck with your work and best wishes!
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Please share links to research methodologies in the field of establishing the existence of copyright in the results of various types of creative activity or links to interesting case studies of non-conventional copyright.
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Dear Daniyil Shmatkov thank you for asking this interesting technical question. As an inorganic chemist I personally did not care much about this issue, but I acknowledge that it it is certainly important to other researchers. In addition to the links which have already been suggested, please also have a look at the following potentially useful article:
Comparative Approaches to Fair Use: An Important Impulse for Reforms in EU Copyright Law
This paper has been posted by the author as public full text on RG. Thus it can be freely downloaded as pdf file. Also please see the following RG link:
Study on Copyright Awareness among College Students
You can find and access other helpful references about this research topic by searching the "Publications" section of RG. For example, search e.g. for the term "study of copyright" and then click on "Publications". This will provide you numeous other relevant papers which have been posted by RG members, some of them even as public full texts:
Good luck with your work and best wishes, Frank Edelmann
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I would like to use some of the figures in a book chapter that is going to be published in Springer. As these journals (source of figures) are open access, I would like to just confirm that is it sufficient for me to simply cite publications and no further permission required from journals. Also, is there any restriction in the use of numbers of figures from different articles? Kindly share any other important information regarding the matter.
When I click into reprints and permission, I got the instruction which is attached herewith.
So, I would like to confirm do I need further permission for using some figures from these articles in my book chapter.
With regards
Chitra
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Dear Elangbam Chitra Devi, if the paper is under Creative Commons (in this case "BY" version) license then (as the license tells) you can reuse the material without permission under the sole condition that you cite the original material properly. (Typically it is given how to cite that.)
Kind regards, Balázs
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we get the request to share papers, what is allowed to share with these requests. what can we share without violating copyright policy of various journals
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There seems to be some confusion about copyright issues when it comes to subscription-based journals. Let's be fully clear about this: it is completely legal to provide someone a (hard)copy of your paper, even when it is normally subjected to copyright issues. See for example: https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies/copyright
“Authors can use their articles, in full or in part, for a wide range of scholarly, non-commercial purposes as outlined below:
•Use by an author in the author’s classroom teaching (including distribution of copies, paper or electronic)
•Distribution of copies (including through e-mail) to known research colleagues for their personal use (but not for Commercial Use)….”
In the old days… it was quite common to send the author a brief letter requesting a hard -copy, nowadays such request go by e-mail and you get a pdf file (most of the times).
You can upload a hard-copy here on RG (private mode) and send a pdf file to those requesting a hard-copy, it is just another convenient way to do the same.
Best regards.
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I am a journalist and editor and independent scholar. I receive notifications from Research Gate of my published work. I have claimed them as mine -- which they are. Then I am asked to upload full text. The copyright belongs to those publications which published my work, so the full text is with them. Can I upload links to that work when it is open access. Otherwise for copyright reasons I will probably need their consent to upload full texts as published.
Helen Gavaghan
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Hi Helen, Uploading to ResearchGate would be considered Green Open access. Most reputable journals will have a policy on this which typically tells you which version of the article you can uplaod and how long the article will have been published for before you are able to do this. You can find information here SherpaROMEO [ https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ ] or check the journals website or simply ask the publisher. Who onws the copyright is genarlly assigned in the agreement you sign when your work is published. The advice is despite the demands of ResaerchGate, be clear about the copyright situation before you upload. I don't think anything really bad will happen, you might get a take down notice or somthing like that. Of course there are many advantages to open and free access to your work on a platform like ResaerchGate as well. BW Matt
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I copied a paragraph from a academic paper and saved in a word document a few months ago. However, I forgot to leave the reference at that time, so I want to find the reference of that paragraph. I failed when I used Google to search, as it seems the main text is hidden due to the copyright issue. Online free plagiarism checkers did not work either.
It would be highly appreciated if someone can teach me any methods I can try to search the reference.
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Let me try finding the reference for you. Send me the paragraph in a private message.
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This is related to my earlier question. I see each pre-print paper should choose copyright option at Medrxiv, Biorxiv, etc. When I look at Medrxiv, it looks as if there are two commonly used options, CC-BY or CC BY-NC-ND. When I look at open journals, they use CC-BY most often.
I wonder if anybody could make comments on pros and cons.
The link is:
I would appreciate it.
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Another question is if you have any problems when choosing CC-BY or CC-BY-NC-ND. Specifically, when journal use CC-BY and if you use CC-BY-NC-ND or vice versa, does that interfere with anything?
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I intend to use a scale that is copyright but I would be using part of it and would test CFA, do I need to obtain permission? For obtaining permission whom I have to approach?
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Safest generally to request permission, from copyright owner, when you have such wonderings—provided you are willing to not use another's content. Permission is usually safer than risking your own fair use analysis. Assuming everything is under USA law. Also assumes the items you want to use are original with the copyright claimant of that questionnaire, rather than originally from another source, such as a few items from MMPI. Daniel Kegan, Chicago.
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There are several discussions regarding the types of authorship irregularities of scientific articles that become more abusive and more frequent: gift author, guest author, pressured author, ghost author... Some define a ghost author as "a person who has made an important contribution to the research or writing of a manuscript but is not named as an author." (Pain Medicine 2015; 16: 416–420). Today, I invite you to think about what kind of situations ghost authors can occur in, and how do you think authors and editors can deal when identifying such situation. Share your opinion!
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Dear Anna Paula Azevedo De Carvalho , this is fine article from Retraction watch about two "researchers" Jun Iwamoto and Yoshihiro Sato, who now sit in positions 3 and 4 of our leaderboard of retractions, Sato with more than 100...
Almost all of the papers co-authored by Sato and Iwamoto featured gift authorship...
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Most, if not all, publishers approach the acquisition of original work through the transfer of publication rights of the author to those of the publisher. Hence, the copyright is given to the publisher vs. the author. I propose that instead of lessening the value of published works through Open Access, publishers should offer authors the opportunity to benefit more from their own work. My interest is to create a publishing house who LEASES original works while guaranteeing copyright to the author. Of course, individual agreements would include a negotiated percentage of compensation above publishing costs, length of lease, marketing responsibilities, etc. When you answer, please tell me if you are new to publishing, have published in journals, or have published books. It would also be nice to know how many estimated items in journals and/or book publications. Thank you!
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Yes, your proposal is quite promising so I would recommend your model.
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When we decide to select a journal for publication of a research article. Sometimes we get confused among impact factor and quartile ranking. Some journals have high impact factor but low quartile ranking and vice-versa. So, Readers are requested to express their valuable suggestions for the same.
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Choosing the right journal for publication can be a challenge. If I understand correctly, you wish to publish content from your thesis in the form of a journal article I am unsure as to how you can co-author thesis with other people, though. Did you mean that you have co-authored two other manuscripts that you wish to submit to journals?
The following points can be kept in mind for selecting a journal:
First ensure your indexation preference – SCI/SCIE/SSCI/ESCI/PubMed/Scopus etc. You can refer http://mjl.clarivate.com/ for finding the indexation of SCI/SCIE/SSCI/ESCI and https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals for finding PubMed indexation.
Make a list of available journals in your subject area and survey the type of articles published in them. Compare the quality of your articles to those published in these journals and then make a list of journals with a suitable impact factor range.
Make sure the aims/scope of the journals match that of your study.
Check for the types of articles published by the journals.
Check all the other aspects of the journal such as peer-review process, instructions to authors, open access options, audience/readership of the journal, information about the publisher, time for peer review, acceptance/rejection rates etc.
Then, make a final list of the journals that meet all your criteria, prepare your manuscript according to the author guidelines and submit the manuscript.
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  • I intend to publish an article that contain results sharing derivative agregated (now row) data and I would like to secure a consent of data producers. As for me this sharing applies copyright. My research use two sets of data collected from two data platforms, both are ok with this sharing (discussed via email). Should I ask a signed consent of data producer? Whether there is a template. How can I assure the fair use of data if these details are not evident in agreements between my employer and data providers ?
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If, as you say, you have emails from the two data providers confirming it is OK for you to use their data, and if you have been very clear exactly what your intentions are, then you have licences from those providers. What is important is that you have told them precisely what you plan to do with their data, including the fact that it is not just their data that is involved. PS Your question seems to cover database rights, not copyright.
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I am looking for free images of plant anatomical structures to be included in a book on plant anatomy. Specifically, I am looking for light microscope images of plant cells and tissues. I have many I have taken myself, but still are missing a few. The sites I have found have watermarked images. I would also like you to recommend a manual on how to cite the source of these images while respecting copyrights. Any information will be appreciated.
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Seems that the images I found have a water mark, or have strong restrictions, so the best way to go is to generate my own images, which is not that bad. It requires more time. The issue here is that images I need will be used for a book , and although I am not expecting to get rich very likely the publishing company will get its share. So the images will be used for commercial purposes. That is the little but important detail that makes this issue tricky. Thank you all for your interest.
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I am running a quality improvement project on guideline adherence and I would like to use a video from a journal as part of the educational material of my study. However, the video is old and for keeping it up-to-date with the current guidelines I need to edit it (Add new references, etc). Do I need the permission of either of the publisher or the authors? How should I mention this use in any possibly upcoming papers?
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Almost certainly the video is in copyright. As it is not clear who owns it - the publisher or the author - check with them. Yes, you will probably need to ask for permission, though in some jurisdictions, copying for non-commercial educational purposes is allowed without having to ask for permission.
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As part of an insilico study, I generated virtual analogues based on the 3D structures of patented drugs and chemical compounds which were published in journals requiring copyright clearance. Some of the 3D structures of these drugs are also available in public databases of chemical compounds. I intend to publish the 2D structures of the generated analogues. Are there any copyright restrictions on the use of 3D structures of chemical compounds in insilico research ? Would it be a violation of patent or intellectual property copyrights of a patented drug compound if I make use of the 3D structure of the drug in insilico research ?
Thank you for any inputs.
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This is a matter that you should consult with an IP professional
That being said, for example, in the US (see https://www.copyright.gov/comp3/
chapter 300 states
"Section 102(b) of the Copyright Act expressly excludes copyright protection for “any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery,regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.” 17 U.S.C. § 102(b); see also 37 C.F.R. § 202.1(b). As such, any work or portion of a work that is an idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery does not constitute copyrightable subject matter and cannot be registered."(pp 22-23)
In the examples it gives "DNA sequences and other genetic, biological, or chemical substances or compounds, regardless of whether they are man-made or
produced by nature."(p. 23)
Now if you take a drawing, graphical representation, or animation from a copyrighted source, then that is another matter that merits closer attention
"The Office may register a literary, musical, graphic, or artistic description, explanation, or illustration of an idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, provided that the work contains a sufficient amount of original authorship"(p.23)
A narrative taken from a work or animation that require the artists rendering of that 3-d structure and gives it a personalized imagery, then it can be protected and requires permission.
Regards
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Many interesting articles come up in Adv Materials or Adv Fuct. Materials, etc in the Wiley journals that do not give access to free copyright permissions even republishing in reputed journals... Does it not appears that these policies must be modified otherwise this decreases the impact of the journals themselves, as many researchers can't afford to accumulate project funds for re-using them all the time???
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I think you did not get the point. If I go for ACS, its free irrespective of whether I republish in reputed or new-coming journals that is why ACS is so famously cited but not so for others.....
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I'm wondering if I can use a copyrighted photo in my survey. In my case that would be a photo of an innovative product (taken from the producer's press materials) which I would like to show to my respondents. I cannot state the author/copyright owner (producer), as it would be counterproductive - I'm studying the impact of the brand. Moreover, I would like to describe this product to respondents as a product from a different brand. Do I need permission for that or would that be Fair Use?
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Yes, Tomasz Grzegorczyk , that is for sure you should get written permission to use that for your research and mention that in your research paper. Also should care about quotations and make links to the sources, as usual, too protect authors' rights. More about Intellectual property you could find at EUIPO webpage.
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Dear Colleagues, I hope someone can provide some answer :
I recently had notified by Research Gate that ELSEVIER editorial did notified them that they needed to take one Scientific Article I had on my Research Items down, due to violation of ELSEVIER's Copyright.
This article was published on the Journal "Nano Energy", of ELSEVIER's, and I appear as the first autor.
Is there a way to keep one of this articles on your RG Items without infringing the Copyrights of ELSEVIER ?
Can I try to upload it again? This time under the "Private" mode (not open sharing, but via request)
Or it's better to leave the matter alone? Meaning that all ELSEVIER's editorial articles cannot be shared freely on Research Gate ?
Thank You! Best Regards !
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inerestibg situation, very actually in modern time. answers will be useful to many researchers
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Could you recommend me some articles about the exceptions and limitations of copyright in EU digital education?
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Sorry.. don't know
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Respected researchers,
I was requested from a Journal's associate editor to state whether a permission from the copyright holder was obtained for using few questions from a certain questionnaire. I did not use the whole questionnaire in my study and the work of the authors (copyright holders) whom I used some of their questionnaire questions is already cited in the manuscript? Is this mandatory if not the whole questionnaire was used?
Thanks in advance!
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Usually it will suffice if one cites the questions used from other research in the methodology section. If you use a large percentage of a questionnaire, then it is generally common courtesy to request permission.
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I usually upload my published papers in RG with the comment that Uploaded full-paper is not for mass dissemination but just for students and colleagues. But today, I just got an email from RG that my public full paper got removed since it infringes the copyright of Elsevier.
I know what and how important copyright is and uploading full paper in RG has been widely discussed. But my question is, alternatively, if it is fine just to upload my own preprint, not a publisher's version.
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Please take the following advices from me:
  • For the coming future, do not upload any paper anywhere until it is published with your name. Even if it is a "preprint"!
  • If you had done something like that as a "preprint", for instance, I advise you to delete the preprint and wait for two months before sending the paper to any journal.
This is because:
  • There is a high chance that someone may claim your valuable thoughts as theirs.
  • There is also a chance the someone may plagiarise your paper.
  • A journal may have automated plagiarism software to check the paper before admitting it to the reviewing process. There are chances that your paper can get a rejection at any point. Thus, to avoid this problem. Publish the preprint after you got "Paper ACCEPTED".
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I am writing a review paper (Information Technology - Human Computer Interaction domain) and I would like to re-use a diagram (of a framework, or model) to show more clearly the concepts I am talking about.
However, I couldn't obtain permissions (can't afford it or unable to contact copyright holder). I decided to recreate the diagram from scratch. I did not change, add or edit anything in the diagram. I simply re-created it.
Do I still need permission for this? Is it still considered a copyright issue?
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The exception mentioned by Charles Oppenheim is the fair use exception[1]. While the case may apply it is arguable that if you reproduce it without any transformation besides being copied from scratch it is arguable that it may fall as a transformation. It is better that if you are going to reprodiuce a work limit the liability surface as much as possible by asking permission.
Please note that you should seek legal assistance since all posts here are for information purposes only and do not entail legal advise
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To what extent am I obligated to share a publication that is rather lengthy and to which I contributed a small portion? I do not have a digital copy to send. Also, wouldn't there be copyright issues? I wanted to convey this to the member who made the request. What is the best way to do that?
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You are free to share your publications, however, its important to adhere to the copyright licence/agreement of the publisher.
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There are many ways to extract original source data from figures and plots in publications. If one were to do that and reanalyze the data in the same or a different way, is that acceptable in a publication or is it a copyright violation? The original data would be referenced. Is it okay to reproduce the original plot using that data or alter it to show how it differs when the data are analyzed differently?
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If you reproduce the figure in its original form, you should seek permission from the publisher of the source material. If however, you are re-analyzing the data and presenting in an alternate fashion and/or combining new analytical techniques, then permission would not necessarily be required. Of course, in either case, a clear citation to the source is mandatory. Hope this helps!
Hamed Bazaz | Founder, Managing Director | www.journaledit.com
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Hi,
I was exploring the idea of taking a number of stills from video games and films to annoate and use as a training dataset on a neural net / DL architecture.
The issue of copyright was thrown at me, I'm sure this must have been addressed by lots of researchers out there. Can we use stills for a dataset? Can that dataset be made public on completion?
video games might be easier I guess, as thats content is partially generated by the users actions (as in my Call of Duty arena will look different to anyone elses depending on who's playing, weapons in use, special effects etc)
Or would it be the case to seek permission from the copyright owners? (in this case Paramount and Blizzard lol)
thanks
Richard
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The copyright directive (Directive (EU) 2019/790) allows EU nations to give various exceptions in the national laws. Research is one of the allowed exceptions. How this is implemented, if at all, in national laws differs.
(I am not a laweyr but just someone who research games and I have needed to address some of the questions.)
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I've tried and failed so far to find out where the ARM measures copyright resides. Help appreciated!
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Thank you!
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In view of the controversy with the SCI-HUB organization, I would like to know your opinion on the advantages and disadvantages of access to free scientific knowledge.
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Knowledge is a public good. They should have a free access.
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In many or even most cases, it will be necessary to manually enter a new reference in EndNote if you are trying to cite a Web page.  Keep in mind that Web sites can be tricky to cite because information is not always consistent or clear.  (Click here for a short video titled "Adding a Manual Reference to EndNote.")
In an EndNote library, go to References and choose New Reference.  In the blank reference, use the "Reference Type" pull-down menu to change the selection from the default "Journal Article" to "Web Page."  Type or paste in as much of the following information as you can ascertain (see screenshot below):
Attach JPJ File Below
  • Author - If there are one or more personal names associated with the specific page or article you are citing, enter them using the format "Smith, Sandra B."  Use a return between each person's name.   If there is no individual named, you can use the organization as the author, such as "American Cancer Society" followed by a comma.  (This is to prevent EndNote from interpreting this as first/last names, which would erroneously result in a "person" named Society A.C.)
  • Title - If the article has its own title, use that.  If not, use the name of the overall Web page.  If there is not an obvious name, look at the URL for a clue.  You may end up using the organization's name if no title is apparent.
  • Year - If the article is dated, use that year.  If it is not, look for a copyright year at the bottom of the Web page.  If none is given, enter "n.d." (for "no date").
  • Access Date - Enter the month, day, and year you looked at the Web page (e.g., April 5, 2014).
  • URL - Copy and paste the URL from your browser address bar.
Here is a sample Web page citation in several different format styles.  Remember that when you change the style in EndNote, it does the work of changing how the citation will look, based on the information you entered in your blank reference.
JAMA style:
  1. National Cancer Institute. Cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention. https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/cruciferous-vegetables-fact-sheet?redirect=true. Accessed December 17, 2018.
APA style:
National Cancer Institute. (2012). Cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/diet/cruciferous-vegetables
MLA style:
"Cruciferous Vegetables and Cancer Prevention." Cancer Causes and Prevention, National Cancer Institute, 7 June 2012, www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/cruciferous-vegetables-fact-sheet?redirect=true.
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In this case, selct add reference and then fill the required information manually
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I have been receiving requests to share copies of a number of my articles. I don't want to violate copyright in doing so, however. How do I know if I have the rights to share an article I am first author of.
Thanks,
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Please check your copyright agreement and read it alongside the Author Guide provided by the publisher. In particular, the Author Guide should specify conditions under which you can share your articles. Most publishers allow authors to share on public sites accepted versions of their manuscripts but not the page-proof or the final published version of the article. Some publishers allow authors to share the final published version on their institutional intranet. If the Author Guide does not provide an answer to your question, consider writing to the journal for clarification.
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Hi, I have a question regarding the Areas of Worklife Survey (AWS) (Maslach, Leiter) for assessing the experience of burnout to a fairly large sample of participants. I have the impression that it is protected with copyright permission and it is not free (Mindgarden). But what about academic research? Is there a way to administer it free of charge? Does anybody know how I can get the scale items?
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Hi, my teams and I are currently working on a literature review. We also want to make our article to be better processed and understood by others, thus we want to create medical illustrations. However, I always wonder how can we create medical illustrations without causing copyright infringement. For instance, if we want to draw an image of the heart and we used an available image on the internet. Can we take that image as an inspiration? If we can't, I'm just plain confused because of how many different images of a heart could it be?
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A little late in replying - I'm a medical illustrator.
Your best bet is to use atlases and gross photos of the heart (even from just simple internet search) as your visual references for a new illustration of the heart. It is entirely accepted to use those type of references in the medical illustration industry. Also helpful is written texts describing anatomy since illustrative anatomy can have inaccuracies.
With anatomical illustrations, you are correct that a heart will still look like another heart illustration, especially for simple views that doesn't include unusual disease states or unusual cross-sections.
Keep the research/references, sketches and the work process as a record to prove original work.
Generally, when I've seen my fellow MIs go after copyright or use infringements, it has been when it's their exact artwork either published as is, with color changes or traced and re-drawn.
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I would like to get permission to republish a figure from previous articles. For example:
Publisher A published a paper with Figure 1.
Publisher B sought permission to republish Figure 1.
Publisher C would like to republish Figure 1. Would C seek permission from A or B?
And what happens if C is not aware that Figure 1 was initially published by A?
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If you are confident this can be justified under an exception to cooyright (e.g., it's for the purpose of quotation and your reproduction of it will not damage the legitimate interests of the original owner), go ahead and re-use it whilst acknowledging the original source. If you are not so confident, get clearance from the original owner. The fact that ask the question implies you are not that confident.
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Hello,
I am trying to work on a problem where i need a corpus of songs which can be either Hindi (Bollywood) or even English but must provide some sort of user rating or likingness for each song. This rating may be in terms of songs downloads.
If no such standard dataset is available then whats the way forward which does not create ethical or copyright issues.
Thanks in advance to all.
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Do I have the right add full text of my publications publicly in researchgate account without infringing copyright laws?
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Thank you all for very informative responses. Dr. K
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Usually review articles contain two or more diagrams from previously published research paper. What are the procedures to get copy rights from a journal to reproduce one or two diagrams in a review article?
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In the website of the journal there you can always request a copyright permission by filling out a form.
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Often when one searches images relating to a specific topic on google, there are many available pictures. Some of which do not have copyrights. Is it appropriate to use these pictures to present research findings with/without citing the source since this is available for all to use?
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I agree with Viara Van Raad
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Those who present stimuli in experiments: The existing relevant categories used in talk about copyright---fair use, educational purposes---seem to ignore the use case of taking an image as a stimulus in an experiment. Is this use covered in any way? Are there established practices?
I understand that one might simply take anything from the internet, trusting that none of the experiment participants will be a copyright lawyer working for a rights holder of some images used in this experiment. But in the sense of open science, I do intend to make public what stimuli we used, so the quick-and-dirty approach is not viable.
So again: are there rules covering use as stimuli? What practices do people use, given that we don't want to keep secret the stimuli used?
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That would lift most of the legal issues I think
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Can I republish the introduction section of a work in progress? The copyright of the first work is CC BY 4.0 Does that count as self-plagiarism?
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There is no such thing as "self-plagiarism". Full stop. If you have assigned copyright to the publisher of article (1), then in article (2), with a different publisher, you can quote a little bit, you can re-present in a totally different way, and you can ask permission. DO NOT COPY LARGE SECTIONS OF TEXT OR CONCLUSIONS. Remember, the reason that publisher (1) may seek to use copyright is because she does not want to lose SALES.
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Does anyone know of a free biology software NOT SUBJECT TO COPYRIGHT for publishing papers?
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Hi Anton - I should have phrased it better, but I am referring to a software tool that allows one to create biology diagrams that is not subject to copyright (i.e. that I can use to publish papers without paying for the software)
I know of biorender or edraw max, for example, but they are both subject to copyright
Thanks
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Dear colleagues,
I am quite a while in this business and I as well all of my colleagues routinely use survey scales published (and printed) in journal papers.
In the course of planning a new multi-member project, one of the partners claimed that even then there are copyright issues and one needs some kind of approval....
I am puzzled and would like to hear some thoughts (or better profound knowledge :)
Best,
Holger
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Holger Steinmetz - Thank you for your response.
Not usually owned by the publisher. For example, The measurement of experienced burnout questionnaire by CHRISTINA MASLACH, published as below
However, if you are going to use the questionnaire, you have to pay costs for the questionnaire from an agent I think linked with the university- see link below
There are other similar examples. Usually the IP of the questionnaire is registered and shared between the authors and the university.