Science topic

Coping - Science topic

In psychology, coping is constantly changing cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of the person.
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With Biopsychosocial approach (Engel,1977), resilience can be seen as a product of dynamic interactions between biological, psychological and social factors related to an individual. Similarly, Multi-system model of resilience (MSMR) talks about two levels of resilience which are internal and external and coping methods as a connector between them (Liu et al., 2017).
This model also talks about presence of various factors responsible for emergence of resilience.
I would like to know how these two approaches differ from each other and what are the commonalities between these two?
Any kind of input is appreciated. Thank you!
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George Engel’s biopsychosocial model firmly believes that a combination of three important factors; namely, biological, social, and psychological, is the best way to completely understand health and its issues. PsycholoGenie gives you a general overview of the biopsychosocial model.
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I am searching for any literature about backyard ultras and how athletes cope with running when they don't know when they are going to finish. I am searching for psychological performance of such athletes.
Any help would be appreciated.
Thank you
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Wouldn't it help to seek your answers in a little different population, namely the military? Unfortunately I don't have any examples of articles. But I do know this type of excercise is a quite common training method and I wouldn't be surprised if there was some information about coping with these circumstances.
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Hi all,
I am now working on stress coping of adolescents.
Brief-COPE is originally designed to conducing with adults, so it contains substance usage questions (like drug). Also, questions could be abstract for adolescents compare to the measurement A-COPE(Adolescent-coping orientation of problem experience).
The reason I am stick with B-COPE is the 3 ways of coping that Carver conceptualized. (A-COPE has only 12 sub-scales, which are the patterns)
Hope there is REVISED B-COPE for adolescents OR A-COPE results that 12 patterns are categorized to Carver's concept (Problem focused, emotion focused and avoidant).
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We used some others similar scales if you are interested. I can attach our paper:
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International Institute of Academic Research and Developmemt (IIARD) sent me a mail. Is IIARD now a member of COPE? Please help me. Thank you.
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International Institute of Academic Research and Development (IIARD) http://www.iiardonline.org/ is (still) listed in the Beall’s list (https://beallslist.net ) under the name IIARD publication company. This is a red flag, but there are more disturbing things:
-Vague contact info (https://www.iiardjournals.org/contact/ ) basically absent
-They promise peer review within 7 days (https://www.iiardjournals.org/faq/ )
-Mentioned DOI looks weird, but some seem to work
-I see different sources mentioning an origin in India and others mentioning Nigeria, both with the same name (and both with no recent and updated registration)
-Journals have not a single serious indexing
Definitely a publisher with issues, better avoid this one.
Best regards.
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Are there any techniques which can be used during a school lesson? Thanks in advance!
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Dear Beatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist, thank you very much for you reply.
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Gender relations in the Mediterranean region are a kaleidoscope of overlapping social, economic and cultural roles, spread across a diverse multitude of countries and communities. The European Mediterranean countries have distinct social patterns and gender norms, which differ from the MENA Mediterranean countries, for example. Additionally, the political climate in the region also determines how women and men are able to access and leverage sustainable development opportunities to be able to cope with climate risks, and achieve social and environmental co-benefits.
The degree to which people are affected by climate change impacts is partly a function of their social status, gender, poverty, power and access to and control over resources. Despite the international community’s increasing acknowledgement of the differential experiences and skills women and men bring to development and environmental sustainability efforts, women still have lesser economic, political and legal clout and are hence less able to cope with—and are more exposed to—the adverse effects of the changing climate.
Detrimental effects of climate change can be felt in the short-term through natural hazards, such as landslides, floods and hurricanes; and in the long-term, through more gradual degradation of the environment. The adverse effects of these events are already felt in many areas, including in relation to, inter alia, agriculture and food security; biodiversity and ecosystems; water resources; human health; human settlements and migration patterns; and energy, transport and industry.
In many of these contexts, women are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than men—primarily as they constitute the majority of the world’s poor and are more dependent for their livelihood on natural resources that are threatened by climate change. Furthermore, they face social, economic and political barriers that limit their coping capacity.
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Thank you.
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Im really confused and don't know how to do, appreciate any guidance you can give
Aim
1. To explore if anxiety is predicted by stress, treatment delay and Brief Cope strategies (Brief COPE) .
Design
1 continuous outcome variable – anxiety (let’s call this H)
2 continuous predictor variables (let’s call these D, S)
3 Continous predictor variables (lets call these BC - ef, bc pf and bc avoidant). These are inputted into SPSS as 3 separate variables as the questionnaire b-cope does NOT allow you to create a total score (by adding ef + pf + avoidant).
- D – delay
- S – Stress (measured by pss-10)
- BC pf - Brief Cope - 1
- BC ef - Brief Cope -2
- BC avoidant - Brief Cope - 3
To confirm I have completed only parametric tests. I have 1 group completing all predictor variables.
I am not able to factor analysis BCOPE so the only options I have are below for a regression.. I don't know which it the better Model?
Would it be better to use the overall scores for bcope (there are 3 in total pf, ef and avoidant).
So a potential Model would be:
Example 1
Model 1 stress
Model 2 stress and delay
Model 3 stress, delay and bc pf overall score
Model 4 stress, delay, bc pf overall score, ef overall score
Model 5 stress, delay, bc pf overall score, ef overall score, bc avoidant overall score
And / or include a second regression with more detail
Example 2
Model 1 stress
Model 2 stress and delay
Model 3 stress, delay and bc - pf (4catergories)
Model 4 stress, delay, bc - pf (4catergories), bc - ef (6catergories)
Model 5 stress, delay, bc - pf (4catergories) , bc - ef (6catergories), bc avoidant (4catergories)
Q. Which regression Model is better to do - Example 1 or 2? Or both? If neither of these are correct, what would the correct model look like?
Q. If the anovas from the multiple regression are signifant would I then be expected to do post hoc ?
Q. If I have to do post hoc which test would I be using as all my variables are continous with 1level (I have no categories).
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If aim 1 is really what you want to do,The rest of what you say makes no sense. You need to investigate adaptive lasso variable selection and is only for predictive models.i have attached a paper for you to look at and an R program that you may find useful. Read the paper and it should show you that adaptive lasso is for you. Then the program should help you do that.ask questions if you wish. Best wishes for a successful project, David Booth
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Apologises I'm really confused and don't know how to do, appreciate any guidance you can give
Aim
1. To explore if anxiety is predicted by stress and treatment delay and whether this is moderated by Brief Cope strategies (Brief COPE) .
Design
1 continuous outcome variable – anxiety (let’s call this H)
2 continuous predictor variables (let’s call these D, S)
3 Continous Moderator - (lets call these BC - ef, bc pf and bc avoidant). These are inputted into SPSS as 3 separate variables as the questionnaire b-cope does NOT allow you to create a total score (by adding ef + pf + avoidant).
- D – delay
- S – Stress (measured by pss-10)
- BC pf - Brief Cope - 1 (consists of 4 questions with each questions represent a different factor)
- BC ef - Brief Cope – 2 (consists of 9 questions with each questions represent a different factor)
- BC avoidant - Brief Cope – 3 (consists of 4 questions which each questions represent a different factor)
To answer the aim I know i need to complete a hierarchial multiple regression but I don't know what to enter on what model or whether I need to do separate regressions and again what should be entered with what.
Q1. Can you please advise how my regression models would look as I can't work this out given my predictors, moderators and outcome variable listed below.
E.g. Model 1 ...
Model 2 ...
Q2. Do I need to look at interactions? If so which ones, how would this be put into SPSS ie in which models.
Possible Interaction examples ?
Stress x bc ef
Stress x bc pf
Stress x avoidant
Delay x bc ef
Delay x bc pf
Delay x avoidant
Q3. Do I need to run separate hierachial multiple regressions? If so can you please write how the model would look ie. Model 1 ..
Model 2...
To confirm I have completed only parametric tests. I have 1 group completing all predictor /moderators variables.
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It sounds like you would end up with a regression model in which you have a very large number of predictor (independent) variables as well as many interaction terms (since you have so many different COPE variables). My advice would be to first think about meaningful ways to reduce the number of COPE variables to be included in the model, for example, by aggregation (calculation of a summary COPE score), factor analysis, or simply selection of the theoretically most meaningful COPE variables. Otherwise you might run into various problems when entering all individual COPE items into the regression (e.g., potential collinearity, too many individual significance tests, large model with many predictors, loss of power to detect interaction and other effects).
Other than that, you could run a hierarchical regression model with only the main effects (predictors, no interaction terms) in the first model, then add the interaction terms in Model 2 to see if they add anything to the prediction of the outcome. But, once again, I would try to reduce the overall number of predictors first to avoid problems in the analysis.
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Do you dummy cope gender within Pearson r correlation?
Do you dummy code gender within multiple hierarchial regression?
Do you have to dummy code gender even when your aims of your study are not looking at gender?
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that should read ratio data, not ration data.
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Hi,
Apologises if the questions at the end are simple but they are causing me a lot of confusion and I'm not sure what to do.
Appreciate any guidance you can give
Aims
1. To explore if their is a relationship between Hai (anxiety) and (Pss-10) stress and treatment delay.
2. To explore if anxiety is predicted by stress and treatment delay and whether this is moderated by Brief Cope strategies (Brief COPE) .
Design
1 continuous outcome variable – anxiety (let’s call this H)
continuous predictor variables (let’s call these D, S, BC)
Control variables (let’s call this age (which is continuous) and gender (which is catergorical - 2 levels))
- D – delay
- S – Stress (measured by pss-10)
- BC - Brief Cope - 1 (consists of 4 questions with each questions represent a different factor)
- BC - Brief Cope – 2 (consists of 9 questions with each questions represent a different factor)
- BC - Brief Cope – 3 (consists of 4 questions which each questions represent a different factor)
I have completed a Pearson r correlation and identified which predictor variables and control variables correlate to H. All the assumptions for this test were met. The results of this test answered the aim 1 wrote above.
To answer aim 2 noted above i completed a hierarchical multiple regression with the models as follows:
Outcome variable for all models = anxiety
Model 1 age and gender (control)
Model 2 age, gender and delay
Model 3 age gender, delay and stress
Model 4 age, gender, delay, stress and BC 1 (composed of 4 predictor variables entered)
Model 5 age, gender, delay, BC 1 (composed of 4 predictor variables entered), BC 2 (composed of 5 predictor variables entered)
Model 6 age, gender, delay, BC 1 (composed of 4 predictor variables entered), BC 2 (composed of 5 predictor variables entered) and BC 3 (composed of 4 predictor variables entered)
The total variance explained was 55% and the findings in the Model summary were found to be significant except for Model 4. Hierarchical multiple regression assumptions were met too.
I also found that statistical significance in the Anovas for Model 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 (within the hierarchical multiple regression).
This is where I have stopped my analysis (not sure if that is right or wrong).
To confirm I have completed only parametric tests as described above. I have 1 sample group completing all predictor variables.
I have the following questions:
Q0. Is the above analysis tests done so far correct in view of the aims described above?
Q1. How do I look at the components of BC 1, 2, 3 (ie determine if the individual predictors variables – 13 in total) predict anxiety? Hierarchial regression is limited to 9 blocks that can be entered at any one time. I did include these individual predictor variables (13 total in the pearsons r correlation with anxiety) and established their were significant relationships. Is this enough ?
Q2. Do I need to complete post hoc tests for the significant anovas in the hierarchial regression? If so what test would I do ? and how would this be entered into SPSS? (To confirm I have 1 sample group answering all the predictor variables described above).
Q3. Have i missed anything from the analysis? Do I need to conduct any further analysis to answer the above aims ? If so what analysis?
Q4. How do I know if coping strategies moderates the relationship of stress and delay in treatment in predicting anxiety.
Appreciate in any support that can be provided.
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Hello Satwant,
That's a lot of questions!
For the most part, your hierarchical regressions should allow you to determine whether the brief cope scores add to the explanatory power for differences in anxiety scores beyond what the base variable set can explain. From this, it sounds as if the BC-1 items add the least to the mix (compared to BC-2, BC-3).
However, I probably would have looked for single scores to represent each of the three purported BC factors instead of entering individual items as IVs. Perhaps factor analysis or some other method of generating a composite score for each factor would be helpful here (and make your interpretation of significant effects a bit more straightforward).
I don't see any specific need for post hoc tests following a regression (your Q2).
If you're interested in moderation effects attributable to coping, the key is to evaluate whether BC scores interact with one or more target IVs to increase the explained variation beyond what the BC score and the target IV can account for, without an interaction term.
Good luck with your work.
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Life satisfaction can be a measure of well-being assessed in terms of mood, satisfaction with relationships, achieved goals, self-concepts, and self-perceived ability to cope with one's daily life. How To be more satisfied with our life?
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Dear Nader Aghakhani . As you close more to Allah (GOD) as you will be more satisfied with life.
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I received this from our ethics committee "Declare potential COI of the principal investigator to the research participants," I'm a bit confused of what I should put. My research is all about Coping Strategies of Primigravida Teenage Childbearing Mothers in Metro Manila, and the purpose is to determine the coping strategies of the respondents and correlate it with their demographic profile.
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Agree with Carl L Tishler that every journal has its own instruction on where to put the COI. It's usually in the instruction for authors. When it's unclear, I usually put it in the cover page, which is separated from the body of the article. This is for the purpose of anonymous review process since the COI may reveal your indentity. Afterwards when the review is completed, you may put the COI in the body of text (e.g. after conclusion, before reference list) or as the journal directed. But where you put the COI is not a deal breaker if you put it at the wrong place. The journal's administrator will inform you to move it elsewhere before passing it to the editor.
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My research paper will be focusing on The Impact of Caregiving Burden and Coping Strategies on Burnout Among Informal Caregivers.
Therefore, I am planning to use Two-way ANOVA and Multiple Regression to study the interaction between these variables:
IV: Caregiving Burden, Coping Strategies
DV: Informal Caregiver Burnout
Would greatly appreciate it if advice is given on whether I am on the right track, or to suggest any other suitable models. Thank you for your time.
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Thank you Suraj Kapoor for answering my question!
It allowed me to understand deeper about the context of my study, as I found out that it is preferred to examine relationships with subscale scores as continuous variables and outcomes. Investigators often dichotomize results into burnout – non-burnout but there is no accepted standard definition.
Also, I gained more understanding of logistic regression!
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Dear Colleagues,
We are currently conducting a qualitative meta-analysis and looking for qualitative research that is focused on transgender, non-binary, and gender diverse people’s experiences of gender identity development and how their gender functions to support coping with minority stress as well as increasing resilience and flourishing. We are looking specifically at articles that focus on participants in the United States. We are contacting scholars to ask if they have authored or are aware of studies that may meet our inclusion criteria, particularly any new or unpublished studies. Our team will screen the articles to determine if they meet our inclusion criteria. If you know of any studies that may be relevant to our qualitative meta-analysis, please contact or send them to Kelsey Kehoe at kelsey.kehoe001@umb.edu.
Thank you!
Heidi Levitt & Kelsey Kehoe
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Thank you!
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Water scarcity is the universal problem both in developing and developed countries. Numerous researchers have discussed different strategies to cope with this problem. I am looking for the recent research outputs in areas where rainfall is scare.
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Mahammed Faizan Wael Fathy Ali El Metwally , Leo Radores Aref Wazwaz ,Thank you for your valuable comments.
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Learning the names of 'Drugs (whether Generic or Brand names) has been recognised as a 'Troublesome experience' mainly for beginners. . With new drugs coming in the market, it is also a challenge for health professionals to cope with this information. How did you learn the names of drugs? Any coping strategy that you ever used or still using to deal with this cognitive load of information. Share your thoughts.
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Faraz Khurshid Nurses can use learning theories at the individual, group, and community levels to not only understand and teach new information and activities, but also to solve issues, modify harmful behaviors, establish constructive relationships, regulate emotions, and develop successful behavior.
It is critical in developing novel therapies and ensuring that existing medicines are used as effectively as feasible. Research can provide solutions to previously unknown questions, bridge knowledge gaps, and change the way healthcare practitioners operate.
Health research, like privacy, is extremely valuable to society. It can give valuable information regarding illness trends and risk factors, treatment results or public health interventions, functional skills, care patterns, and health care expenditures and utilization.
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I'm doing a research targeting primigravida teenage childbearing mothers in terms of knowing their coping strategies to correlate it with their demographic profile. I have also created a specific criteria regarding the respondents I am aiming for.
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Yes, I support the responses of Sachin Suknunan and Rodney Duffett .
Kind Regards,
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Coping strategy index was developed by East and central Africa regional unit of the world food programme as an indicator of household food security.
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I do agree Professor Dr.Patrick Webb's statement that it will be a useful tool to identify the gaps existing in the Food Insecurity regions or areas.
I had reviewed the manuscript from Nigeria, Kebbi region that the author has applied Food Insecurity Index but not Coping strategies Index.
It is possible to measure with suitable indicators that coping strategies index can be measured on the area or the region.
Though it is qualitative measurement that needs to be tested with potential indicators that will help to identify the problems in Food Insecurity situation.
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I am conducting my dissertation and one of the variables is coping resources for which I am using the Brief COPE Inventory (28 items) but I cannot find and access the Manual for the same which I need for psychometric properties and scoring+interpretation of the results. Kindly help me with the same, it will be appreciated. Thank you!
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Research: " Occupational Stress and Coping Strategies among healthcare employees: Where is the Role of Organizations?".
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please search in the database science direct or clinical keys using the key words
1.coping strategy
2.work place stress
3.healthy workplace
You will find the articles you need
Good luck
Orapan
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The KIDCOPE scales are widely used to measuring coping in children and adolescents. There is a lot of literature using them, or assessing them, but nowhere can I find the actual scales and information on scoring. I have managed from various sources to find the items in the child and adolescent scales, but while the adolescent scale seems to be scored on a 5 point likert scale the child one does not. All of these articles refer back to an article about the KIDCOPE's original development - Spirito A., Stark L. J., & Williams, C. (1988). Development of a brief checklist to assess coping in pediatric patients. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 13, 555–574. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/13.4.555. But nowhere can I find how the different versions were arrived at, responses, feeder/explanatory text etc.
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Please help with KIDCOPE TOOL please
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Dear fellow researchers, I`m just writing a book chapter on children`s texts written during the school lockdown 2020 in Switzerland. What intrigues me is that there are (few but notable) instances of humor in the texts. Do you, by chance, know studies on either: children and humor during the corona crisis; or: humor in children`s texts (maybe also as a coping strategy); or: humor and the corona situation?
I very much appreciate your answers! Thanks in advance. Best regards, Evamaria
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Evamaria: Children are much more able to use humor and laughter than are adults. As part of the "maturing process," we teach children to be "more serious." Here is a PowerPoint related to "Humor and Education." You can see in the PowerPoint that the children are enjoying themselves, and smiling and laughing a lot. P.S. Best of success with your research. Let's keep in touch.
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ROBINS-I (Observational Study)
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Selection bias may arise when the analysis does not include all of the participants, or all of their follow-up after initiation of intervention, that would have been included in the target randomized trial. The ROBINS-I tool addresses two types of selection bias: (1) bias that arises when either all of the follow-up or a period of follow-up following initiation of intervention is missing for some individuals (for example, bias due to the inclusion of prevalent users rather than new users of an intervention), and (2) bias that arises when later follow-up is missing for individuals who were initially included and followed (for example, bias due to differential loss to follow-up that is affected by prognostic factors). ROBIN-I consider the first type of selection bias under “Bias in selection of participants into the study” and aspects relating to loss to follow up are covered under “Bias due to missing data”.
For further information, read 'ROBIN-I detailed guidance- 2016' (https://www.riskofbias.info/welcome/home/current-version-of-robins-i/robins-i-detailed-guidance-2016).
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I need to find out whether "gender influences the effectiveness of the two intervention programmes designed to increase participants confidence in being able to cope with statistics training?".
I have not used SPSS for quite some time, and I am unsure which test on SPSS to carry out to answer the question above. Thanks.
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Holly Woods, assuming that you have a continuous variable to represent confidence, there are several ways you could analyse your data. At the simplest level, you could simply conduct an independent-samples t-test in which you compared the final scores on confidence for males versus females.
At a slightly more sophisticated level, you could also conduct an independent-samples t-test on the original confidence scores to explore whether the two groups were similar at the start of your study.
You could also calculate, for each person, a before and after confidence score, then conduct an independent-samples t-test (again males versus females) on those "difference" scores.
I recommend you conduct an ANCOVA in which you use the baseline level of each person's confidence score as the covariate.
Which of the above you choose might depend on the level of statistical and methodological sophistication expected of you as well as your own confidence with stats.
And, of course, you would need to consider something other than any of the above if your data need to be regarded as ordinal or categorical in nature. You really need to have provided that kind of information if you'd like others to help you.
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We have two Likert-type scales: Brief-COPE and Perceived Stress Scale.
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Likert
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Dear all,
At our Institute of Applied Psychology, FSES UK, we have interesting research about coping strategies. You can also become a part of it as a participant. This part of the research aims to find out what STRATEGIES people use to cope with stressful situations.
Here is a link to the questionnaire
Thank you very much for your participation and for spreading the idea online!
Each of you is important!
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Interesting study, completed the questionnaire.
Wishing you further success with your coping strategy research.
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Hello,
I'm conducting a systematic review in order to understand how the educators are coping with the challenges regarding experimentation and hands-on activities in Engineering Education and the impact of this situation in learning and teaching amidst COVID-19. Until now, It seems to be that the classes only have been replaced by an online format with the accompaniment of simulators (software and virtual). Then, as Educators, How do you cope the reduction or elimination of experimentation and hands-on activities? ¿Did you implement other alternatives to address the problem with laboratories, experimentation and practice in engineering education?
Thanks in advance,
Best regards,
Jonathan
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You are welcome Jonathan Álvarez Ariza .
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I have encountered an error in cst while using discrete port . it says that :<<Staircasing failed for discrete edge port "1": discrete edge port "1" is completely inside metal material>>.
i do not understand the meaning of this sentence,help me if it's possible.
thanks
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Adding gap between port or geometry will not solve it.
Go to Simulation tab, in the boundaries, use open add space in the direction of discrete port or lumped element / or overall positive and negative x,y,z axis.
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Dear Researchers,
I trust this communication finds you well.
Out of curiosity, how do researchers cope with the "pressure" to keep on researching and publishing, particularly those located in "competitive" universities?
What strategies do you use to keep afloat, I mean to remain active in research (publications/ conference attendance etc)?
Your experience in this topic will be appreciated.
Kindest regards,
Hlologelo Malatji
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In academic life, the pressure to publish is especially severe prior to tenure. The junior faculty member often faces a tradeoff between publishing in a major journal where the acceptance rates are lower and a lesser-tier periodical where acceptance rates are higher. If one finds a colleague or colleagues or graduate school advisors with whom one has co-authored in the past, maintain a working relationship with them as it can continue to bear fruit in the future.
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Can anybody gives clues on data related to comparing any critical and insightful dimension of performance of sharing economy during pre-pandemic and pandemic periods? Also any insightful analysis of preparedness to cope up pandemic like situations?
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First of all, I have to ask one thing that this question is to focus the stakeholders in developing countries or developed countries because things are totally different from these two countries context.
The developing countries having more agricultural wage labourers whereas in the developed countries have technical know-how are more.
Whatever the COVID 19 destruction that most of the economic productive activities were totally stopped.
The no money rotation and the failure of the business cycle operations in the given economy.
Even agriculture, livestock production have deteriorated and have drastic decrease in production and output.
The GDP growth has also affected in most of the countries. Both pre-pandemic and pandemic period have serious impact of the COVID 19 pandemic in the country.
The slackness in the business cycle from production upto market that there was no option to expedite process due to the pandemic period.
The income of the household has been decreased that reflected in the purchase power of the people.
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Can "forest cover" be used as an indicator of "drought vulnerability"? If so, what qualitative relationship can there be between the two?
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Drought may be termed as a hydro-climatic disaster and forest cover can be used as an indicator of drought vulnerability both from environment and socio-economic perspective. Drought vulnerability depends on various socio-economic and environmental indicators in concerned area.
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Hi,
I and my colleagues are going to extend a published paper, but the amount of novelty is not very significant. The main procedure is the same but we tried to solve the research challenge by involving more parameters in the ecology.
Is it enough based on the COPE to make it a paper?
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But regretfully, journals want new things not reconfirming. How about extension?
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I am assessing the emotional responses and coping strategies of nursing students during this COVID-19 outbreak. I have used Brief-COPE for my research study. I am a lit bit confuse about the interpretation of data and how to categorize it.
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Thank you so much for your suggestion Pablo D Valencia . This is gonna be helpful for my research.
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Humanity was under exceptional stress the last 2 years. All the world’s population . Authorities tried to cope with various degrees of successes or failures. did they succeed .?did they win or loose as far as confidence in their actions are concerned.
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We have been through several plagues and the classic composers died rather young. the popular diagnosis was neurosyphilis, which is called schizophrenia now. We have been through tuberculosis, polio twice, HIV and so on. What we learned from these pandemic and endemics is that nobody can foresee what happens. We were supposed to consider our body as the temple of the Lord. This has long already been forgotten and all kind of perversions exist. People do not like restrictions and some oppose vaccinations. We cannot blame the authorities for that. I attach a reminder from our polio waves in Finland.
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Kindly check the attachment to understand the issue. The last one (coping strategies) is creating problem.
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Cronbach alphas are a measure of internal consistency for a given sample of an specific measure. When you have high internal consistency on subscales but low consistency on the overall scale, it may mean that the construct of the complete scale is not captured well by the subscales. In other words, you may find that a construct is multi rather than unidimensional. If this is the case, then sometimes you will have a low reliability coefficient for the whole scale but high reliability for subscales. This is because the subscales are measuring more specific dimensions of the construct. Also, if the subscales are not strongly correlated, you might also find that a higher order construct represented by the complete scale will show lower reliability. If I were you, I would run a factor analysis on the measure to assess its dimensionality. Of course, there are other reasons for low reliability, such as context. That is, the alpha coefficient is not an index of the reliability of the measure in general, but rather for the unique sample and context in which data were collected. This may be worth considering as well.
Cory
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Hi everyone,
I'm currently writing my Bachelor's thesis with the RQ: "What are the key factors enabling hotel entrepreneurs and managers in Germany to cope with future pandemics?" The purpose of the report is to develop a training manual for hotel entrepreneurs and managers on how to cope with future pandemics (=recommendations section of the report).
My question: can I introduce new sources in my recommendations section? For example, if one of my recommendations is to improve online guest communication - by backing it up with my primary data collection and a secondary source - should said secondary source already be introduced in the findings & analysis part of the report or can I also first mention it in the recommendations section?
Best,
Felix
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Comparing and contrasting your major findings with the findings of other closely related researchers, you need to write the Discussion section of your thesis. Comparison is not part of your recommendation section. Considering several factors and inline with the research questions or the objectives of your own investigation, you need to write your recommendations strongly and persuasively.
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Hello everyone,
I'm currenlty writing my bachelor's thesis about the impacts of COVID-19 on the hotel sector in Germany, with the goal of developing a training manual for hotel management and entrepreneurs on how to cope with future pandemics.
One of my sub RQs is: What is the correlation between hotels responses to the pandemic and their occupancy rates?
How can I answer that questions if the hotels responses are based on qualitative data (interviews about entrepreneurial behaviour, e.g. one hotel said that in order to cope with the pandemic they increased their social media presence and improved their online appearance) and the occupancy rates are quantitative data?
Basically, my goal is to support my recommendations - which will be a training manual for hotel management and entrepreneurs on how to cope with future pandemics - by saying Hotel A did this and their occupancy rate increased (I'm obviously aware that correlation doesn't mean causation and this will also be one of the major limitations of my research, only using one hotel KPI).
Best,
Felix
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Suggestion: Code your qualitative data into a small number of categories that reflect the main ways hotels cope. Assuming there are several hotels that fall in each category, you could do a one-way analysis of variance to see if the mean occupancy rates differ among the category groups.
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What are the side-effects of drinking bottled or RO water for the long-term , say 10-20 years of time. How to escape or avoid with such challenges scientifically ?
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
Can we replace it with rain water harvesting ?
What is the use of waste water generated ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the water table and local economy ?
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El agua es muy importante para la vida, pero de hecho se están investigando posibles efectos secundarios. Es cierto que al hervir el agua esta hace una base blanca en el fondo llamada magnesia que es perjudicial para el organismo humano.
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An interview questions about issues, challenges and coping strategies of students and teachers on Self-learning modules in the new normal education.
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Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, V 13,N 4, 2018 © 2018 INASED 108
Self Regulated Learning Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity Study Eda Öz i Ministry of Education, Ankara, Turkey Halime Şenay Şen ii Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
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Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS)
Number of items: 4
1- I look for creative ways to alter difficult situations.
2- Regardless of what happens to me, I believe I can control my reaction to it.
3- I believe I can grow in positive ways by dealing with difficult situations
4- I actively look for ways to replace the losses I encounter in life
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Cross-Cultural Validation and Psychometric Properties of ... https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10943-014-9963-7Oct 24, 2014 · The aim of this study was to translate and validate the psychometric properties of an Arabic Brief Religious Coping Scale. A descriptive correlational design was used to conduct the study among participants of 403 Iraqi secondary school students. The A-BRCS and both the subscales, positive and negative, had Cronbach’s alphas of .70, .86 and .82, respectively. All inter-item and item-to-total .
Jun 15, 2017 · The 12-item Arabic CYRM was found to be a valid and reliable measure of self-reported resilience in Arabic-speaking refugee and host-community youth. It is useful for capturing the individual, relational, and contextual aspects of psychosocial resilience and will hopefully spur further work on the family and community dimensions of resilience for boys and girls, refugee and nonrefugee youth.
  • Cited by: 96 Publish Year: 2018
There are other scales you may wish to consider using, depending on your population:
Mar 27, 2021 · Arabic Brief religious Coping Scale, A-BRCS. The Brief religious coping scale of Pargament is an instrument of 14 items measuring the different aspects of religious coping strategies (Pargament et al., 2000). It is composed of two parts: positive religious coping (PRC) and negative religious coping (NRC).
  • [PDF]Arabic Brief Cope - Medical Journal of Malaysia e-mjm.org/2020/v75n5/Arabic-brief-COPE.pdfIntroduction: Coping strategies for stress tend to vary in different cultural. The Brief COPE (BC) is the most commonly used self-report instrument to identify the types of coping strategies used which has a total of 14 strategies with 28 items. The aim of this study was to translate into Arabic and validate the Brief COPE scale in the Saudi
  • Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) - PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) developed by Sinclair and Wallston (2004)) https://scales.arabpsychology.com/s/brief-resilience-scale-brsBrief Resilience Scale (BRS) 1. I tend to bounce back quickly after hard times. 2. I have a hard time making through stressful events. 3. It does not take me long to recover from a stressful event. 4. It is hard for me to snap back when something bad happens.
Resilience in Context: A Brief and Culturally Grounded ...
Good luck.
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Many countries had their Universities classes interrupted due to covid 19 pandemia.
Now we have to prepare ourselves to come back to our classes at University.
Theoretical classes seem easier to handle, but laboratory and specially clinical classes are an issue.
Had this classes returned?
If they did, how do you coped with them?
What measures had you took to protect patients, students and staff?
If they don't, when do you intend to restart?
I'd like to initiate a discussion about restriction of patients (number, age, risk groups), aerossol control/disinfectant, number of students, etc to cope with this coming back with safety.
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I appreciate your contribution to our discussion.
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Many co-authors back out just after ethical approval, a day or week before presentation, or just at the time of paper submission! Is it not unethical and such practices should be discouraged? Specifically when you are relying on them for research design and analyses which are the backbone of your research! How can one cope with such shocking situations?
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When people withdraw at the point of submission, they may have doubts about quality or accuracy. However, you can still acknowledge their specific contribution in a footnote provided you make it clear that you are solely responsible for the use you've made of their contribution, especially any conclusions drawn.
However, when they back out in the middle of things, leaving you in the lurch regarding essential input from them on which you were relying, well, if there are no legal contracts involved, there's not much you can do to cope other than accept it as a lesson learned 😞 and moving on.
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This is a scale primarily made of an adult population but is widely used with adolescents in different countries with different languages. Literature support that it's been used with adolescents also.
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Of course yes!; in fact, there is a lot of bibliography about it that, without going any further, you can consult in "Google"; but, in addition, its correlation with the Frydenberg and Lewis -1993 Coping Scale for Adolescents (ACS or CSA) is quite high
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I want this scale for my PhD thesis.
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Citation: Patterson, J. M. & McCubbin, H.I. (1987). Adolescent coping style and behaviors: conceptualizations and measurement. Journal of Adolescence, 10, 153-186. McCubbin, H.I., & Thompson, A.I. (Eds.). (1987). Family assessment inventories for research and practice. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
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X(Perceived Stress) and M(Positive Religious Coping) is significant negative (= -.27)
M(Positive Religious Coping) and Y (Mental well-being) is significant positive(= .58)
I understand the above-mentioned results, however, my indirect effect is significant negative.
Indirect effect= -.16
X- Perceived Stress
M- Positive Religious Coping
Y- Mental Well-being
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A negative indirect effect here means that perceived stress (X) is negatively related to well-being (Y) through its effect on positive religious coping (M). The indirect effect is negative because X->M is negative but M-> Y is positive. When these two are multiplied to give you an indirect effect, they result in a negative product. Hope this helps.
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If stress cause depression but individual adapt to decrease dramatically depression symptoms in the cost of anxiety appearance in this case it is active coping or maladaptation or what this situation can be described ?
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Thank you very very very much. Your answer is very helpful.
But could you help me with an updated reference.
Thanks again.
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The editor of a journal that adheres to COPE’s principles and practices (1) did not maintain confidentiality of authors that submitted material, (2) did not deal properly with a complaint on ethical misconduct, and (3) did not make all reasonable efforts to ensure that allegations of misconduct were properly solved. Does COPE protect authors from editors’ misconduct? How should an author proceed in case of editors’ unethical conduct?
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COPE can investigate complaints, as described on their website https://publicationethics.org. COPE will produce a report on a situation reported to them, but does not have the power to force a journal to adhere to its policies. However, a negative report from COPE is not good for the reputation of a journal and may help to make the journal behave in a more ethical way. So an author who is treated unethically by a journal should make a report on the COPE website.
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I have a student in research who is working on this topic but she finds it difficult to look for studies that she can anchor on. Are there any recommendations you can give that has a tool already? Thank you so much!
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Coping Strategies Inventory
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Hello, my name is Christopher Thomas, and I am an Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Texas at Tyler. I am collecting data for a research study exploring the characteristics of individuals that influence their ability to cope with disaster events – such as COVID-19. For this project, you will be asked to complete a series of questionnaires assessing basic demographic information, opinions on COVID – 19, and thoughts and opinions about yourself. It is anticipated that it will take 20 – 25 minutes to complete the materials. Your participation is voluntary, and all data collected during this study will be anonymous. If you have questions, please contact the principal investigator, Christopher Thomas (cthomas@uttyler.edu).
To be eligible to participate in this study, you must be at least 18 years old.
Link to Sign-up for the Study:
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By observation and measurement
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I can't find anything on the validation of this tool. It measures stress/strain/coping/support for family members of substance users (or those addicted to gambling).
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This paper is here on RG. Contact the writers:
Methods of assessment for affected family members
  • November 2010
  • Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy 17(s1):75-85
  • DOI:
  • 10.3109/09687637.2010.514783
  • Jim Orford
  • Lorna Templeton
  • 📷Richard Velleman
  • 📷Alex G Copello
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Good evening all,
I wondered if anyone had any idea if the coping inventory for social situations (CISS-21) was available for public use or whether I need to correspond with someone regarding access to this measure. I have been looking into this for a while with no joy so any support would be appreciated!
Thank you
Chloe
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Hi all
Hope you are coping well with the world craziness.
I'm taking a free course on Genetic algorithms and the roulette wheel is being coded using a quite simple runif.
draughtValue = runif(1, 1, 0) * EvaluationsSum
being sumOfEvaluations the sum up of all individuals fitness
I'm having a hard time to understand how this actually represents the method and feeling that something is missing.
That's the function code
parentSelection = function(geneticAlgorithm, EvaluationsSum){
parent = 0
draughtValue = runif(1, 0, 1) * EvaluationsSum #
sum = 0
i = 1
while (i > geneticAlgorithm@population && sum < draughtValue) {
sum = sum + geneticAlgorithm@population[[i]]@evaluationFitness
parent = parent +1
i = i + 1
}
return(parent)
}
obs: The iteration starts with the first individual that also has the best fitness value. They are sorted beforehand by another function.
Any thoughts?
All the best always
Erica
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You can use the while statement and count the number of iterations. ... 1:nrow( outcomes)){ shot<-runif(1,min=0,max=1) first shot count <- 1 while (shot > ... a more complex Russian Roulette game in R, and decided to make a function ... Note that this function works for any amount of players (e.g. 26 players):
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The media is mostly pointing on the number of new COVID19 cases ,test positivity rate and recovery rate. Now the news is shifting to vaccination. How are those who recovered from covid coping with existing comorbidities. Has their quality of life changed?
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Yes: Of course ... especially the one already known as "Post Covid Syndrome" with serious neurological and muscular disorders, chronic fatigue, etc; In addition, several experts warn that, in the long term, it is quite possible that it generates various Dementias and Nurocognitive Disorders, perhaps due to the neurotrophic nature of the Covid-19 coronavirus, as is happening with HIV / AIDS.
Happy New Year 2021!
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Dear Colleagues,
I am looking for Scales in Arabic measuring barriers to mental health services.; Stigma towards mental illness, Coping with mental illness, and attitudes toward mental illness.
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Check out all of the global work by Professor Graham Thornicroft. He seems to be the best informed of the global patterns of stigma with mental health.
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Which methods does they suggest to ease the burden and stress as a teamwork?
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I would like to assume that frontline workers dealing with the COVID - 19 pandemic would have been given access to mental health resources. However, it not there are several ways this can be achieved - (e.g., individual vs group basis). It might make sense to begin forming a group (lead by a mental health professional) where workers can share stories with one another. This would help provide an "outlet" for those needing one, as well as hear how others are coping, which they may find helpful. In addition to providing support, this group can also help identify individuals who would need more intensive therapy/counseling that can be provided individually.
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Hello,
I'm trying to conduct a moderation analysis between a latent variable (job demands) and an observed variable (adaptive coping) moderated by an observed/continued variable (titled mind set) using R package 'lavaan'.
The following part of the code has been implemented and I'm quite sure it's wrong:
##Legend##
jd - job demands (latent variable)
cd - cognitive demands (observed variable)
ed - emotional demands (observed variable)
ac - adaptive coping (observed variable)
mt - mind set (moderator)
##lavaan model##
model.base <-
'jd =~ cd + ed
ac ~ jd + jd*mt'
fit <- sem(model.base, data = int, std.lv = T)
Any help would be much appreciated.
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I recommend you first create your moderation term outside of your lavaan model using the 'semTools' package command 'orthogonalize'. Using this command you will use centered residuals to create your interaction term as suggested by Todd Little. To make sure you are using his suggested approach make sure you are set matching=false when you use the 'semTools:orthogonalize' command. After you create this term you can use it in your model as a latent factor - it creates indicators for ever possible combination between your latent factor indicators and whatever indicators for the other latent factor or observed variable you are creating the term for. make sure you also set covariances between your new interaction latent variable and the variables in the model used to create it to 0 (e.g. interaction_term ~~ 0*jd) . Below is an article that can help.
Little, T. D., Bovaird, J. A., & Widaman, K. F. (2006). On the merits of orthogonalizing powered and product terms: Implications for modeling interactions among latent variables. Structural Equation Modeling, 13(4), 497-519.
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The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted consumers' buying habits. With lockdown and social distancing, consumers’ alternatives are restricted and shopping experience is shifting.
In addition to: Hoarding, Improvisation and Embracing Digital Technology, what are the other changes in consumers' bahavior that could be observed during this pandemic context?
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Hopefully we will be more conscious about what we are doing and how we are living.
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I am conducting a research on burnout of Healthcare professions during COVID 19 pandemic period. I also want to find out coping strategies adopted by them to overcome burnout. Therefore, need help to know and get if there is any standardized questionnaire related to coping strategies for overcoming burnout among healthcare professional.
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Shilpi Saraswat I'm also looking for a questionnaire on Physicians burnout. Can anyone help ?
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It is expected that employees must work in a team or group and help each other. How you consider this philosophy.
Does helping out everyone everywhere but not being getting credited anywhere is a good philosophy ? How to cope with such place and people ?
Do you have any idea of how it may impact the following -
What are Health effects ?
How it effects sustainability ?
Is there any study on growth impacts ?
What about energy and environment ?
How it impacts the ecology and environment ?
How it impacts the local economy ?
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M.K. Tripathi
I may like to such people selfless, as they put the task or work to be done as primary subject as compared to the other factors. The selfless way of living the life is full of energy and has unprecedented happiness.
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I am interested to know how has English teachers' working conditions changed due to the pandemic and how they are coping with the new situation.
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Zohreh, the working conditions of different professionals in all walks of life have been impacted in some shape or form, not least switching from face to face interactions to online and digital platforms. I think part of such a necessitated switch ought to be managed in a judicious manner to avoid the potential adverse effects of burnout, stress and psychological breakdown. Interesting question to discuss at an opportune time...
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Hi, Community!
Here is another interesting question.
In short:
3 groups of samples representing different conditions (2 treatments and Control).
Measured variable - % T cells in blood.
Measurments were done at different time points - 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 weeks post-infection.
At week 6, samples in both treatment groups started to die (don't aks me how does it cope with "treatment"), and at last time point one group was completely eliminated.
3 groups + time as a factor lead to repeated measures two way ANOVA with Tukey post-analysis selection to compare differences between groups at each time point and between time points. Which is impossible, because it requires that each sample was presented at each time point. Therefore only time frame between 1-4 weeks (before samples started to die) allows to use this analysis.
If I use non-repeated measures mode, it allows missing samples, but not allows missing groups, which is time point 8 for one of the treatment groups, where all samples gone. So I can cover 1-6 weeks time frame with this mode. Last week with 2 remaining groups... Should I analyse them using two way anova only for these two groups with Sidak post analysis and reposrt values for week 8?
What is the correct way to handle kinetic data with fluctuating sample size and missing groups? What would be the solution in the context of GraphPad Prism 7?
I am not really care about differences between time points in this case. The focus is to see effect within exact time point.
Thank you!
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Use R stats package following this example: https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/258341/unbalanced-two-way-anova-in-r-studio. You may need ti ise a unbalanced two-way anova. I tried in graphpad version 8, but it would nit let me as it required equal population size. Well that is much as I know and hope it helps you with your analysis :)
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I have conducted research on models of perceived stress, social support with mediation of patient coping toward flourishing. But based on the results using path analysis on AMOS it shows that the direct effect of patient coping on flourishing is not statistically significant. Whereas based on the results of the bivariate correlation analysis (pearson correlation), it shows a significant relationship between patient coping with flourishing.
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Think about it, why did you move beyond bivariate correlation? what were the different research questions
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Hi,
I am currently doing a quantitative study (between-subjects design) to measure the degree to which alexithymia, emotional expressivity, mindfulness and coping strategies predict emotional eating, where emotional eating is the outcome variable and the rest are the predictor variables. The target population the study is done on is university students and black Asian or ethnic minority individuals (BAME). the measures i am using are: Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (c) Emotional Eating Scale; (d) the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale; (e) Berkeley Expressivity Scale; and (f) the Brief Cope Scale. All of these are likert scales.
How do i work out the sample size and actual power in GPower analysis* programme. any attachments tutorials to help me would be appreciated
Thanks
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Using G*Power to Determine Sample Size
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Many studies and analyes we do require statistics to back up. However, many times the results run out to be statistically significant, yet when interpret it in the clinical context, it is too small to be significant.
This is rather frustrating. Any solution for solving this?
Is those very small interval unit scale more easily affected?
Can we change our analytics method to cope with the results?
Beyond statistical significance: clinical interpretation of rehabilitation research literature.
Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014;9(5):726–736.
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Good question
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In this technology era, big data is played important role for accounting tasks, what's and how to cope with this situation? Does accountant would be lost?
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Hi Jariya,
Actually they can play a significant role in fraud prevention. Have a look on our research project Industrial-Driven Big Data as a Self-Service Solution which is an EU-funded project that aims to empower IT and non-IT big data experts to easily utilize and interact with big data technologies. I-BiDaaS is proposing a unified solution that significantly increases the speed of data analysis and facilitates cross-domain data-flow towards a thriving data-driven EU economy.
One of our pilot sectors was the financial sectors and we have already seen some good results.
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Hi
Does anyone know where to open pdf of Introduction The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)?
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Currently, I am conducting a MA dissertation by using Strauss and Corbin's Grounded Theory. My topic is researching EFL learning demotivation of high school students (16 to 18 years old). My main objectives are to find out demotivating factors, students' coping strategies, and the role of social network in students' remotivation.
I have interviewed 7 students and currently I felt stuck. As Strauss points out, the result should be an overall process, but my findings so far feel somewhat lacking. My process seems all over the place. The number of demotivating factors, coping strategies, and remotivating factors seem much fewer than those of other researches. The discovered findings are also quite similar to those researches as well. Furthermore, I have tried to weave my findings into a process by following the 6 Cs, but the process seem weak and not very persuasive. Therefore, I would like to listen to some advices from people who have experience with similar topics or Grounded Theory. My professor doesn’t know Grounded Theory too well, and he is usually too busy to read my memos carefully to give comments.
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This article provides details on Straussian Grounded Theory Method: An Illustration:
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I have a student conducting research on coping mechanisms used by males with partners suffering from Post Part Depression. It has been very difficult getting participants to complete the survey. Any suggestions on where this can best be posted to improve participation?
Already tried social media sites and groups focused on male issues with limited response.
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Hi. I think you will have constant challenges getting validated data with a health topic relating to women, but studying it from a partner/male perspective.
All the best, though.
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The present coronavirus(COVID-19) pandemia has already done a great damage many nations and on the world at large. Besides sick people and deaths, the COVID-19 pandemia is driving and aggravating in a significant way already pre-existent economic and social crises, with its financial concomitants.
Do you think that the present type of unequal capitalism could be and (if an affirmative answer is possible) should be modified to be able to cope with the socioeconomic consequences of the present world context?
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Roberto, you have raised an important issue here, which, to my mind, focuses on the extent to which the current Coronavirus health crisis has accentuated the vast differences between developed and developing economies, on the one hand, as well as the growing inequalities between the rich and under-privileged in society. Part of the explanation for such a divide is the predominantly capitalist system that mainly obtains in the West but which has been practised in various guises throughout the world. The question then becomes 'is there a better economic system that can alleviate, if not bridge, the growing gap between nation states and individuals?' Whilst some are proposing a more humane form of capitalism that seeks to address the gap in a more humanitarian way (i.e. not only through winner takes it all approach), others propose a structural redress or a levelling of the hierarchies of power, wealth and control. Interesting...
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what are the coping strategies employed by the teachers, during the transitional period of curriculum change?
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Paul I suppose you are referring to coping mechanisms adopted by teachers during the current covid crisis. In addition to putting teaching and learning materials online, teachers in different countries have used a range of measures including support ing each other intellectually and emotionally through emails, phone call, zoom and other communication methods. Interesting times.
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A colleague asked me for any evidence-based approaches to helping kids (and parents) cope with a life-threatening disease, Duchene muscular dystrophy. The child doesn't know he is sick yet. Does anyone of any such resources? Thanks.
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Following
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Coping pandemic by different countries.
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Because the quality of healthcare services is different in different countries.
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It is hypothesized that the kids who are taught how to deal with the potential challenges they face with would outperform those who have not received any training. These groups of kids may be taught certain strategies or techniques which are quite helpful in dealing with the problems they are facing with (developing resilience). I would much appreciate it if you share any experiences you might have on this issue. More specifically, on teaching types of strategies and techniques on kids aged between 7-14 or indicating them in practice how to cope with challenges. Thank you
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Not all wounds heal with time, although some evidence suggests exposure to a moderate level of trauma may be associated with better mental health and wellbeing. The latter is true for me as a survivor of psychological, emotional, and verbal abuses I went through in my childhood days. Certainly, resilience-building is dependent on how an individual view adversities as a threat or as a challenge. Exposure to adversities and training to accept the realities through the application of life skills may help built resilience in the course of life!
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