Science topic

# Cooperation - Science topic

Researchers interested in the study of cooperation between individuals, groups, organizations and communities.
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Publications related to Cooperation (10,000)
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Article
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Conflicts are inherently emotional, yet parties in conflict may choose to explicitly express indifference. It is unclear, however, whether this represents an effective strategy. Drawing on emotions as social information (EASI) theory, we examined the interpersonal effects of indifference expressions in conflict and the processes that underlie these...
Article
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As an academic field in the study of politics through geographic and naturalistic approaches, geopolitics gives various explanations to political phenomena. In addition, security studies are a new sub-branch of international relations that deals with security issues. Geo-security is a new interdisciplinary field of study that deals with the securit...
Article
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We investigate the asymmetric nonlinear link between foreign direct investment, oil prices, and CO2 emissions for the Gulf Cooperation Council nations, using foreign direct investment and oil price data. As foreign direct investment is positively associated with carbon emissions in the long run and oil prices have positive, significant effects on C...
Article
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This paper aims to analyze gender differences in the adoption of agricultural technology in the North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The data were collected in 2021 from 796 farm households and were analyzed using binary logit model. The results show that the adoption rate of agricultural technology in the zone by male-headed (87.3%) and fema...
Article
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We present a multi-agent system where agents can cooperate to solve a system of dependent tasks, with agents having the capability to explore a solution space, make inferences, as well as query for information under a limited budget. Re-exploration of the solution space takes place by an agent when an older solution expires and is thus able to adap...
Article
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It is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the planet, which is seriously affecting the planetary health including human health. Adapting climate change should not only be a slogan, but requires a united, holistic action and a paradigm shift from crisis response to an ambitious and integrated approach immediately. Recognizing the urgent need...
Research Proposal
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Cooperative Metaheuristics refer to the area of having multiple metaheuristic algorithms cooperating with each other to solve an optimization problem. Cooperation could be classified as implicit or explicit. In implicit decomposition, multiple instances implicitly tackle different areas of the search space using various initialization, control para...
Article
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As a concept challenging the growth paradigm, degrowth is put into practice in different ways. Ones of which are degrowth-oriented cooperatives: organisations composed of producers and consumers that intend to keep a locally oriented focus and embrace more responsible economic practices to promote socio-ecological sustainability. Despite their flou...
Article
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The exact occurrence frequency of noctilucent clouds (NLCs) in middle latitudes is significant information because it is thought to be sensitive to long-term atmospheric change. We conducted NLC observation from airline jets in the Northern Hemisphere during the summer 2019 to evaluate the effectiveness of NLC observation from airborne platforms. B...
Article
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What makes the cooperative business model unique is the various roles members have. We interviewed executives and members of four large Australian cooperatives to determine what these roles were. Our results show differences in terminologies and a conflation of member roles relating to patronage, ownership, investment, and community membership. We...
Article
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We reverse-engineer, test and analyse hardware and firmware of the commercial quantum-optical random number generator Quantis from ID Quantique. We show that $>99\%$ > 99 % of its output data originates in physically random processes: random timing of photon absorption in a semiconductor material, and random growth of avalanche owing to impact ioni...
Article
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The rapid development of logistics industry has become an important force to promote the improvement of regional competitiveness, but there has been little research on the evolution process and the distribution characteristics of the cooperation between logistics industry and economy from the perspective of qualitative and quantitative. Based on th...
Article
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21st century teaching and learning emphasize the full engagement of students for improving their critical thinking and cooperation and the construction of the knowledge that demonstrates deep understanding. However, significant studies reported chemistry as a challenging subject caused of abstract concepts, phenomena and ways used in teaching and a...
Article
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Background The application of deep learning has allowed significant progress in medical imaging. However, few studies have focused on the diagnosis of benign and malignant spinal tumors using medical imaging and age information at the patient level. This study proposes a multi-model weighted fusion framework (WFF) for benign and malignant diagnosis...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has unmasked even more clearly the need for research and care to form a unique and interdependent ecosystem, a concept which has emerged in recent years. In fact, to address urgent and unexpected missions such as “fighting all together the COVID-19 pandemic”, the importance of multi-stakeholder collaboration, mission-oriented...
Article
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This paper introduces a process model of how academics learn to bridge different cognitive scripts, thereby learning to collaborate with non-academic managers in the context of multidisciplinary academic spinoff (ASO) teams. Whereas prior research has taken a static perspective, showing that cooperation in ASO teams is challenging due to difference...
Conference Paper
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Online testing of web APIs—testing APIs in production—is gaining traction in industry. Platforms such as RapidAPI and Sauce Labs provide online testing and monitoring services of web APIs 24/7, typically by re-executing manually designed test cases on the target APIs on a regular basis. In parallel, research on the automated generation of test case...
Article
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In the last few years several philosophers have highlighted the social dimension of imagination. In this paper I argue that thought experiments prompt social uses of imaginings, if we understand them as props in games of make-believe. In prescribing to imagine stories that develop through fictional narratives, authors of thought experiments prompt...
Article
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Compared with a single-channel echo cancellation, the spatial information of dual-channel echo cancellation enables the listener to obtain more potential information. This paper presents a dual-channel nonlinear acoustic echo cancellation method in α-stable distributed noise environment using a collaborative adaptive filter. Based on the minimum de...
Article
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The emergence of cooperation among self-interested agents has been a key concern of the multi-agent systems community for decades. With the increased importance of networkmediated interaction, researchers have shifted the attention to the impact of social networks and their dynamics in promoting or hindering cooperation, drawing various contextdepe...
Article
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In social interactions, people often reason about the beliefs, goals and intentions of others. This theory of mind allows them to interpret the behavior of others, and predict how they will behave in the future. People can also use this ability recursively: they use higher-order theory of mind to reason about the theory of mind abilities of others,...
Article
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The present study aimed to investigate the effect of censoring, the situations in which incomplete at the time, out of range, and/or delayed records were considered, in the estimation of genetic parameters for age at first calving (AFC) and days open (DO) in Iranian Holstein cows. The dataset included 281,772 records collected from 1991 to 2019 by...
Conference Paper
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Digital accessibility has become an important topic in the field of HCI, but when looking at accessibility on a global scale, we find that the representation of accessibility research is mostly centered in the Global North with countries that are WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic). Our paper explores digital accessibili...
Article
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This paper presents the design of a geometric trajectory tracking controller for an underactuated multi-body system describing the cooperative task of two quadrotor UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) carrying and transporting a rigid bar, which is attached to the quadrotors via inflexible elastic cables. The elasticity of the cables together with tech...
Article
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In this paper, the cooperative distributed model predictive control (DMPC) problem of a class of complex systems consisting of several subsystems is studied. The states of these subsystems are coupled with each other, and thus bring challenges for the model predictive control algorithm. Moreover, though the subsystems can communicate with each othe...
Article
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We analyze an environmental agreement as a cooperative differential game between two regions. The agreement is jointly profitable, since the current contributions in terms of emissions reduction is overcompensated by the benefits of a cleaner environment now and in the future. The regions are asymmetric in two respects: the valuation of a cleaner e...
Article
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In the three‐level DC‐DC converter‐based bipolar DC microgrids, accurate power sharing among distributed generators and voltage balancing between the positive and negative poles are two main control objectives. This article presents a resilient bi‐level control strategy which simultaneously satisfies both aforementioned objectives. The proposed con...
Article
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Small firms' performance has been recognised as an important topic for researchers dealing with the topics of internationalisation and innovation. Literature has examined the individual influence of network cooperation, innovation and internationalisation on firm performance. However, there is an absence of research to explore the coherent relation...
Article
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In this paper, we examine the relationship between political polarization and individuals' willingness to contribute to the public good by engaging in preventative behaviors against COVID‐19. Using a sample of individuals from close‐election states, we first show that individuals engage in fewer preventative behaviors when the governor of their sta...
Article
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Standard approaches to model interaction networks are limited in their capacity to describe the nuances of real communication. We present a game theoretical framework to quantify the effect of intermediaries on the interaction between agents. Inspired by the seminal work Myerson (1977). on cooperative structures in cooperative games, we set the bas...
Article
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Clustering techniques and metaheuristic algorithms (MA) have demonstrated being efficient tools in their respective action fields. However, working together is an area marginally explored. One of the main disadvantages of MA is the lack of diversity in the solutions. Besides, most of them use only a single population to analyze the search space; th...
Article
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Particle swarm optimization (PSO) has been used to solve numerous real-world problems because of its strong optimization ability. However, PSO still has some shortcomings in solving complex optimization problems, such as premature convergence and poor balance between exploration and exploitation. To overcome these drawbacks of PSO, a dynamic multi-...
Article
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Post-disaster reconstruction projects face tighter time constraints and are in a more complex environment, making the implementation process of conventional projects unable to meet new requirements. This study decomposes the construction process and then determines the feed-forward and feedback relationship between activities in the post-disaster r...
Article
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This paper presents an exemplary case in the car industry: the design of the new MINI Cooper, released in 2001. Through a semi-structured interview with design expert Frank Stephenson and the use of secondary data, we examine how an expert designer considers time to design a car relevant across decades. We find that the framing of the new MINI Coop...
Article
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Bio-inspired optimization aims at adapting observed natural behavioral patterns and social phenomena towards efficiently solving complex optimization problems, and is nowadays gaining much attention. However, researchers recently highlighted an inconsistency between the need in the field and the actual trend. Indeed, while nowadays it is important...
Article
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I study a two-player repeated game where payoffs are asymmetric. Attempts to form cooperative agreements in such an environment, for example by pro-rating actions relative to the one-shot Nash equilibrium, have generally struggled in practice. I show that cooperative arrangements when payoff functions are asymmetric tend to disproportionately favor...
Article
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Due to the inaccurate injury assessment model of human body impact, it is hard to reasonably determine the motion speed limit of a collaborative robot in human-robot collaborative operations. In this paper, to achieve a more accurate injury assessment, an improved human-robot impact model is proposed based on equivalent mass-spring-damper model. A...
Article
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Few studies examine plagiarism in a Middle Eastern context, specifically from the perspectives of preservice teachers. As future gatekeepers of academic integrity, preservice teachers need to understand plagiarism. This study surveyed 128 female preservice teachers in one university in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The survey explor...
Article
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This study develops a two-country differential game model of transboundary pollution control with a continuum of polluting and oligopolistic industries. Governments choose the paths of their pollution permits, the market-clearing prices of which are determined endogenously, as in a general oligopolistic equilibrium model. We consider both autarky a...
Article
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When parents have pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), youth can provide attentiveness to parent's physical need and TB treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of youth whose parents suffer from pulmonary TB. This research used descriptive qualitative design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted online and/or face-to-face in...
Article
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Self-disclosures and self-interventions are generally considered useful, although their role remains controversial. This is mainly due to the heterogeneity of research findings on this topic, characterized by the lack of a clear definition of self-disclosure and of systematic and effective methods to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of suc...
Article
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This paper studies the long-term effects of heterogeneous information provision on road networks with multiple information providers (IPs). To capture the information heterogeneity resulting from various IPs, we consider that users subscribing to different IPs receive non-identical information sets about the available routes and make route choices...
Article
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Central to the social membership model of animal rights is the claim that relations with nonhuman animals should be reorganized such that domesticated animals are recognized as members of our shared societies. Though some elements of the membership model remain contested, the core of the membership model is that domesticated animals have a claim on...
Article
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It is a challenging task to optimize network structure and connection parameters simultaneously in a single hidden layer feedforward neural network (SLFN). Extreme learning machine (ELM) is a popular non-iterative learning method in recent years, which often provides good generalization performance of a SLFN at extremely fast learning speed, yet on...
Article
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It is widely documented that third parties punish norm violations, even at a substantial cost to themselves. However, little is known about how third-party punishment occurs in groups consisting of members that differ in status. Having a higher-status member promotes norm enforcement and group efficiency, but also poses threats to collective goods...
Article
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This study is the first to examine mergers and acquisitions among small, regional stakeholder banks that belong to the same group. Using data on Finnish unlisted cooperative and savings banks, we investigate the relationship between bank-specific factors and the likelihood of a bank being an acquirer or an acquisition target. We find that large ban...
Chapter
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During the reform and opening up, China gave a greater space to the private sector, but also maintained the central role of the state in the economy. In light of privatizations and growth in inequality during this period, several authors have been prematurely dismissive of China's claims to be building a socialist society. The work of Cheng Enfu an...
Chapter
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The term "inclusive education" appeared in the literature after the Salamanca convention, to accentuate the right of all learners to access good quality learning in local schools. However, inclusion within the local school has been practiced years before with the movement of the modern school and the initiatives of its pioneers to change the school...
Conference Paper
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Major international organizations (IOs) are heavily contested, but they are rarely dissolved. Scholars have focused on their longevity making institutional arguments about replacement costs and institutional assets as well as IO agency to adapt and resist challenges. This article analyzes the limits of institutional stickiness by focusing on outlie...
Research
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This paper delves into the difficulties cooperatives in Lebanon face and offers solutions to advance a solidarity economy. It also explores the importance of building solidarity value and supply chains as a basis for ethical consumption and a just economic model.
Research Proposal
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This short article aims at building a hypothesis when it comes to looking at regions within Europe. It claims regions as political actors may-conditionally-act autonomously, i.e. regardless their position within a centralized political-administrative system. To do so, one needs first to lock three abstract concepts, which make sense altogether: aut...
Conference Paper
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According to Nationally Determined Contribution, The Korean government is targeting the enlargement of renewable energy sources (RES) penetration up to 30%-35% of the total generation especially in the Jeju Island area to convert 100% RES. However, the power system stability issues will raise in terms of this plan especially in small and isolated p...
Article
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The present research aims to study the role of language in communication and the main properties of the assumed meaning that is conveyed through language. This work , directed by and built upon Grice's Theory of Implicature with its main principle (The cooperative principle, which embodes maxims the four Quantity, Quality, Relation and Manner), and...
Preprint
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We study the fairness of dynamic resource allocation problem under the $\alpha$-fairness criterion. We recognize two different fairness objectives that naturally arise in this problem: the well-understood slot-fairness objective that aims to ensure fairness at every timeslot, and the less explored horizon-fairness objective that aims to ensure fair...
Article
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Connected to the ongoing political change or transition in the country, the violence in Wollega demands locally driven and context-sensitive political settlement and transitional justice. Ethiopia needs a hybrid peace addressing the existing political and economic problems through its own local and national initiatives and actions with the cooperat...
Preprint
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Article
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Introduction Palliative care is essential for patients with terminal diseases and aims at effective symptom control. This may stand in opposition to radiation treatment as an oncological treatment modality. The hereby presented work demonstrates the successful integration of a palliative care service in the radiation oncology ward. Methods Since 2...
Article
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Mimicking natural photosynthesis to convert CO 2 with H 2 O into value-added fuels achieving overall reaction is a promising way to reduce the atmospheric CO 2 level. Casting the catalyst of two or more catalytic sites with rapid electron transfer and interaction may be an effective strategy for coupling photocatalytic CO 2 reduction and H 2 O oxid...
Article
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Simultaneous enhancement of strength and ductility is one of the eternal topics for the community of metallic materials. The heterostructure architecture, e. g. layered structure, is one of the potential methods to evade the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma in recent years. However, there is still a lack of a deeper understanding to excellent s...
Article
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Limiting similarity theory (LST) and the principle of competitive exclusion (PCE) affirm that the degree of allowable niche overlap predicts the occurrence of tolerant coexistence between two or more biotic entities. Attribute variation reduces conflict, whereby two biological systems in direct competition for the same type of finite resources are...
Article
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Greenwashing is an obstacle to the sustainable development of society, but the current governance of greenwashing is still a “common” governance, not a “collaborative” governance. Accordingly, this study focuses on the three stakeholders of greenwashing governance: company, media and government. Using a sample of listed companies that have publishe...
Article
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Deep understanding of the pathophysiological role of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) relies on a well-grounded model explaining how its biogenesis is regulated. The lack of a consistent framework to clarify the modes and mechanisms governing the assembly of the MRC complexes and supercomplexes (SCs) works against progress in the field. Th...
Preprint
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Teachers in international higher education classrooms will be constantly confronted with new challenges and will need to be skilled at managing on-campus, online, or hybrid learning environments. While some teachers may have found the transition to online learning to be quite sudden, others may have found it to be a gradual process. In the context...
Preprint
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Motion is a typical reaction among animals and humans trying to reach better conditions in a changing world. This aspect has been studied intensively in social dilemmas where competing players' individual and collective interests are in conflict. Starting from the traditional public goods game model, where players are locally fixed and unconditiona...
Poster
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thanks from the director of the planning department in Basra Governorate, due to the research cooperation in studying the population changes in the city & completing the spatial development plan for the period 2020-2030.