Questions related to Conversation Analysis
I am a Ph.D student writing my thesis on conversational analysis of doctor-patient bilingual interactions in Nsukka hospital. May you suggest to me some of the theories I should review under theoretical studies.
Thanks for your contributions.
I wrote an article entitled [15 Public "I was wrong" admissions by intellectuals & thought leaders] . They range from a health psychologist who realized that 10 years of her work might have been causing more harm than good to a physicist who announced in a stage conference that he made a miscalculation that lead to a false discovery of a planet. Talk about the importance of integrity is ubiquitous but actual case studies of public demonstrations of intellectual honesty are much harder to find. Compiling such cases helps in building and understanding a healthy culture about admitting mistakes in intellectual circles. The feedback I got up till now is quite encouraging.
I’m thinking of turning this project into a PhD or MA (mostly remote). Any supervisors suggestions?
Also, I want to publish it in a major publication like the Huffington Post or the Atlantic (or very relevant niche publications) . If you have any relevant connections or tips, I'd appreciate the help:)
act. Conversation Analysis (CA). a research tradition that grew out of ethnomethodology, has s methodological features. It studies die social organization of 'conversation', or 'talk-in-interaction', b inspection of tape recordings and transcriptions made from such recordings. In this paper, the auth some of those features In the Interest of exploring their grounds. In doing so. he discusses some of t and dilemma's conversation analysts deal with In their dally practice, using both the literature and experiences as resources. He presents OA's research strategy as a solution to ethnomethodoiogy'sprob invisibility' of common sense and describe it in an idealized form as a seven step procedure. The au discusses some of the mafor criticisms leveled against it and touches on some current developments. Conversation Analysis Is a disciplined way of studying the local organization of Interactional episodes. Its unique methodological practice has enabled its practitioners to produce a mass of Insights Into the aetalled procedural foundations of everyday life. It has developed some very practical solutions to some rather thorny methodological problems. As such it is method olofflcaLly Impure , but it works. Conversation Analysis. Ethnomethodology. Interaction Episode». Quantification. Coding.
We did a splitting tensile strength test on our design mix concrete and our instrument giving us results in load vs displacement from load we can find out stress by the analysis given by ASTM C496/C496M,
T= 2P/πld, but there was no conversion analysis on strain is available
I am using a Qualitative research style to analyse doctor-patient interactions in English and Igbo during a consultation meetings. Please how do I go about tape recording such interactions without the consent the interacters. Secondly, how do I use Gail Jefferson's CA notations to transcribe the extract of doctor-patient interactions.
We did a splitting tensile strength test on our design mix concrete and our instrument, giving us results in load vs displacement. We can find out stress by the analysis given by ASTM C496/C496M,
T= 2P/πld, but there was no conversion analysis on strain is available
I need to cross check several words that appear in subtitles of a movie with what is spoken out in a movie - a word in English or Hindi. A list of words in time order is provided. Is there anyone who would have a capacity to help?
I am working on a paper in Conversation Analysis, titled “Toddlers asking Amazon Echo Alexa to play the song baby shark”
When analyzing the data i faced this issue of (when toddlers ask Alexa to play the song, and Alexa doesn’t respond to them, or doesn’t process their words correctly; due to their bad articulation,, what they do is repeat themselves again with the same exact words)
Is that considered repair or confirmation.
Videos‘ links are below for better understanding.
Hello! I am looking for assistance with a quantitative textual analysis. Below, I've created an small sample of what our current data (conversation between two participants) looks like.
Hello how are you?
Hey, Im good thank hbu?
Im good, What year are you in?
Im in forth year.
Ideally, we are looking for a line of code or a software that could take these log files and split them into two separate word documents or text files, with all of Partner A's comments in one file and all of Partner B's comments in another. Currently, we are manually splitting files, by copying and pasting them into the separated word documents, however, this is time consuming.
Additional Info: The two separated files of each conversation we have collected will be processed through Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC).
Thank you in advance.
I am trying to analyse discourse and will code my data. There will be two iterations of this in the form of a pre-task, intervention and post-task involving naturally occurring conversational data. I want to measure the effect of the intervention and so want to use a parametric t-test measure in order to investigate any statistically significant difference.
Conversation analysis begins with the assumption that no interactional event can simply dismissed as unimportant or irrelevant. consequently, expert suggests that it is necessary to try to capture the detail of interaction in transcripts of data recordings; and this means not only transcribing what was said, but the way it was said, and making sure that things seem messy, accidental or ungrammatical are recorded in the transcript and not filtered out in some form of tidying up process
To measure inter-rater agreement for categorical data with more than two raters, Fleiss' kappa can be calculated. However, I am not sure whether Fleiss' kappa can be used to measure agreement between two raters only, because I have found conflicting statements in this regard. On the one hand, one can read that "Fleiss' Kappa is a way to measure agreement between three or more raters" (https://www.statisticshowto.datasciencecentral.com/fleiss-kappa/), while on the other hand it can be read that Fleiss' kappa "is suitable for studies where any constant number of m coders is randomly sampled from a larger population of coders" see
I know that it is technically possible to calculate Fleiss' kappa in the R irr package for two raters only, and this calculation does not give the same results as calculating Cohen's kappa (which is, by definition, for two raters only), as can be seen from the following R code:
> kappam.fleiss(diagnoses[, c(1:2)]) # computes Fliess' Kappa = 0.643 for 2 raters
> kappa2(diagnoses[, c(1:2)]) # calculats Cohen's kappa = 0.651 for 2 raters
But does it conceptually make sense to calculate Fleiss' kappa for two raters only?
The reason why I would like to use Fleiss' kappa rather than Cohen's kappa despite having two raters only is that Cohen's kappa can only be used when both raters rate all subjects: "If different raters are used for different subjects, use the Scott/Fleiss kappa instead of Cohen's kappa" (http://john-uebersax.com/stat/agree.htm). In my research design, this is not the case, since I will use a constant number of 2 raters randomly sampled from a population of raters, with a different sample of 2 coders rating each subject.
I am conducting a study on three-party medical interaction from CA perspective mainly focusing on epistemic asymmetry. It is observed that family member is responding to the doctor's questions even if the question is directed to the patient, still the chaperone is the dominating party and the patient is silent observer. I would be so grateful if you could refer me to any article or book about epistemic asymmetry in multi- or three-party or something about entitlement of knowledge or authority to claim knowledge?
As the Vice Chair of the IEEE Computer Society, Silicon Valley, looking forward to meet potential speakers, particularly in the bay area, who can give talks in the following areas:
Artificial Intelligence, Autonomic Computing, Machine Learning
Neuromorphic computing, Smart Cities, Quantum Computing
Conversational UI, Fog Computing, 4D Printing
Smart Robots, Connected Home, Augmented Reality
We are interested in looking at the interview setting from a qualitative and interactional perspective. Having employed conversation analysis as an effective research methodology within conversations, I am wondering if there have been studies with CA regarding (primarily) job interviews. Any references would be appreciated.
I would be interested in who does research on video-games (the actual gaming being done on-screen) from an EMCA perspective and where I could get hold of this research. I'm currently doing some analyses on CS:GO (esports) and finding some really interesting stuff, but I would like to read what others have done as well. I know of the studies on the interaction around the screen, however, I'm interested in the sequentiality and accountability of the actual on-screen interaction.
I found this: Reeves, S., Greiffenhagen, C., & Laurier, E. (2017). Video Gaming as Practical Accomplishment: Ethnomethodology, Conversation Analysis, and Play. Top Cogn Sci, 9(2), 308-342.
But is there any more that I do not know of?
Thanks in advance,
I have a data set of spontaneous speech in Romanesco (Italian dialect spoken in Rome), which I need to gloss morphologically.
These are the turns in question (but there are other similar instances):
25 C; [°tsahah::=avvocà°]
26 F; nzomma viè da sé
The notation used is taken from Jefferson and the SBSC.
Design-based research analytical methods rarely include CA, but as DBR typically aims to build domain theories and propose design principles to solve a problem, can CA have a role in discovering changes that happen over time during interventions? What would be the principal argument against using CA in DBR?
I'm currently looking into some data in which Korean speakers tell stories in English.
A recurrent practice I find is how those speakers reenact certain moments in their stories, particularly with regards to what other characters have said. I think an example may better illustrate this:
So instead of indirectly saying (usually with a relative clause),
"He told me that I was good at playing chess."
many speakers instead say,
"He told me 'you are good at playing chess'."
If you can recommend me some relevant literature on this or any comments in general, I'd really be grateful.
Ye Ji Lee
Until today my analysis is based on kerbrat- orecchioni (from the poliphonic theory); Pragmatic theory of human communication, and conversation analysis
I am interested in CA analysis of SLA interaction, both in classrooms and outside. It seems very hard to find the source recording for a lot of published work in this field.
I think the focus of question falls on whether these online interactions are "naturally occurring" or not. Or how do you define "naturally occurring interaction"?
I'd like to hear your opinions. Thank you in advance!
Are you aware of research giving evidence of approximate time and/or conditions under which participants in a (recorded or not) spontaneous conversation start loosening their self-monitoring? In other words, I assume that even when participants start a conversation with a high degree of control and self-check of their linguistic and non verbal behaviour, this high self-monitoring tends to loosen over time. Any ideas of specific studies on this?
Considering that for ethics reasons participants need to know that they are being recorded in a spontaneous video-mediated conversation (ex. a Skype call), I need to find relevant studies that show how/when/to what extent such data can be considered as reliable, or really spontaneous.
Any relevant research literature you can direct me to?
some students of mine wish to analyse specific brands' social media presence; although a deep analysis is impossible if you're not part of that brand's team, maybe some tools could provide some information. We're interested in engagement metrics for the brands' posts, hashtags usually used, origin of consumers reach, anything else that might be useful. What is out there that could help us?
Thank you so much.
Based on translation being done Word by Word and fluency translates de idea expressed in the complete sentence.
translation is done after the person grasps the complete idea and not before that idea is obtained.
I would like to do descriptive statistics. The following variables are under measure: patterns of interaction (ways of exchanging ideas in e-discourse) and modes of communication (visual, aural, and written mode)?
I found Zyngier (2001) 'Towards a cultural approach to stylistics' and Paton (2000) 'Beyond Bakhtin: Towards a cultural stylistics.' I have the Routledge Handbook of Stylistics in front of me too, and note that cultural stylistics is not included. Paton's notion of 'cultural conversations' and Zyngier's frameworks suggest that Historical and Pedagogical stylistics might be the best places to start. If you have other suggestions for students of the ever-expanding field of Stylistics please let me know!
I'm looking for a digital tool/environment to make a scripted conversational bot. It does not have to be in audio mode. It can be text-based. It does not matter.
The goal is to design a conversational bot that would allow learners to practice Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP).
The instrument seems to apply predominantly to Independent cultures than Interdependent cultures. Hence, my question!
Does somebody know of some interesting literature about language contact in a quantitative approach? Papers on how to determine if a pattern in a language is the result of contact with another language using quantitative techniques (others than descriptive statistics) are welcome. I'm not interested in quantitative studies in lexicology, however.
Thank you in advance!
I was wondering whether anyone had any reference to suggest to me on how people pay and express their condolences in "real life", therefore f2f and written communication, and on social media.
Any comment is really welcome.
I need to analyse automatically conversational features such as the amount of time each person speaks, amount of overlapping speech, number of interruptions, who speaks louder, and so on.
I have separate audio files for each participant (only with his/her voice). How can I analyse these features automatically? Is there any tool that eases such analysis?
Thanks in advance
I am thinking of a possible study of H. G. Wells' Morlock characters in his 1895 novella The Time Machine. The Morlocks and Eloi were two separate species of human descendants. The Eloi were the scion of the UK landed gentry and the Morlocks the offsrping of factory workers and household domestics.
I am theorizing that, since the name Morlock actually exists that perhaps Wells meant someone in particular. It could be analogous to Dante's sening his enemies to the lowest rung of Hell in The Divine Comedy.
A second line of inquiry is whether anyone is studying J. R. R. Tolkien's Mordor in Lord of the Rings, which seems obviously derivative of Morlocks. More locks to more doors.
I welcome your comments.
Comment on article: I found it wonderful to read and I felt confirmed that CA-research brings out important points. In our own study on sexual offenders in prison we found that they don't lack empathy! They make a dysfunctional use of it but they have it.
There is the theory from the Boston Change Process Study Group (Daniel Stern, Ed Tronick and others) who describe therapeutic change as operated in "now moments" or "moments-of-meeting" which accumulate to "moments-of-change". I am interested to know if there is any precise analysis based of transcripts with fine-graded granularity?
It is well known, that co-expressive gesticulation gestures develop their structure of movement accompanying the verbal and melodic structure of the utterance and also that they are linked to it semantically and pragmatically.
When analysing gesticulation gestures linked to verbal language and intonation, it seems to me a little bit difficult to establish a close descriptive relation between the movement structure of gesticulation gestures and the verbal and melodic structure of the utterance in spontaneous speech.
I think, that one of these categories or aspects has to do with the close relation between the more prominent segment in pitch range of the utterance and the more prominent phase in gesticulation structure.
Could you suggest me other categories or aspects I should pay attention?
Discourse analysis is a broad field that not only studies language use 'beyond the sentence boundary', but also prefers to analyze 'naturally occurring' language use in real-time interaction.Discourse analysis has been taken up in a variety of social science disciplines, including linguistics, education, sociology,interactional socioloinguistics, cognitive psychology,cultural studies,communication studies, etc, each of which is subject to its own assumptions, dimensions of analysis, and methodologies.
Today, the focus on 'cultural' has shifted to 'inter' in "interculturalism" which involves moving beyond mere passive acceptance of a multicultural fact of multiple cultures effectively existing in a society and instead promotes dialogue and interaction between cultures.
I think the rhetorical positionings of person deixis (I/you and exclusive we/ inclusive we) are predictable and over-flogged
I want to create a roundtable discussion format for a cultural studies conference. I currently have a 150 minute 5-6 person panel discussion standard where there is a general abstract and then individual expert abstracts for their 20 minute presentations with moderated discussion from the audience at the end. I want to create a roundtable alternative to this. What standard roles/rules work best for this?
I am currently looking for comprehensive literature reviews on this topic that evaluates our current status and understanding of how pedagogical interactions in higher education have been investigated using conversation analysis methodology.
There is some work published in the UK on maternal mind-mindedness (E. Meins) as an early predictor of socio-cognitive development and obviously the early work of Michael Siegal on deaf children from hearing families.
E.g. focus groups or other settings where several individuals interact freely, which might be relevant to examination of simulation debrief.
I'm searching conceptual/methodological cues about formulating a personal opinion in interaction, particularly in conversational analysis. Despite many research, I haven't found a clear definition. Can we see personal opinion formulation as an action (request, offer, greetings...) and if yes, what differentiates a personal opinion of an assessment (see Pomerantz, 1984)? Does it always implies an act of evaluation? or an act of stance-taking (Du Bois, 2007)? and what the difference between "a personal opinion answer" and a answer that brings information (as a simple Q-A sequence). In my data (classroom interaction) sometimes the FPP(1st pair part) is (lexically) designed to do so by the teacher as "What do you think about...? What's your felling on this topic?. But sometimes, the teacher ask a WH-question (with no specific opinion request but more as an information request) as "Why do you work at school?" and the student treat it as a request for personal opinion: (SPP) "me I think that....". I will be happy to have some returns (and to be more explicit). Thanks
I'm interested in the first encounters in therapy or counseling settings and espescially in diagnosing the client's problems. I know some older articles (e.g. Davis 1986, Hak & Boer 1996, Antaki et al. 2005), but all further suggestions would be welcome!
As a significant part of pragmatic competence, researching cross-cultural and interlingual competences can undeniably prevent pragmatic failure. I want to know what the most effective methods of capturing such theoretical constructs are.
I want to analyse the specific communication type of my interviewees in my goups interviews. As i interviewed them on a specific way of communication in groups (=Council), it would probaly contain a lot of information, when I compare their personal type with their opinion/experience about Council. I am therefore looking for a valid or scientifically used typology of communication styles/types, which can be applied to persons?
I have come with this the of responses in my own research, and I would guess this is something that has been documented earlier. Possibly, this practice ("yes-and") can be used by teachers/supervisors to expand on students' answers, managing possible threats to the student/supervisor's face. I just would like to be able to reference this type of practice, as I doubt I could be the first one observing it. I would very much appreciate if you suggest a specific article documenting this type of conversational practice (rather than an author or area of research).
I'm looking for studies from a conversation analysis / ethnomethodology / discourse analysis perspective that have looked at 'student presentations' in classrooms.
I'm interested in having a closer look why therapeutic interpretations are rejected by the patient. My hypothesis is, that this is to a large extent due to insufficient confrontation and clarification (as mentioned in Greensons The Technique and Practice of Psychoanalysis (1968, p.37)) of the phenomenon before the actual interpretation is made.
Is there any quantitative research you are aware of?
Do you think it is possible to create a measuring tool that depicts the patients reaction to the interpretation in terms of the emotional change simply by counting the positive/negative emotional utterances following the interpretation?
I'm looking forward to your answers.
Hi, I'm looking at automated discourse analysis and I'm considering what one might call the "ELIZA" principle - that when one participant in a conversation repeats something that the other person said, it probably signifies that it is something important.
I've been reading a lot of the literature on discourse analysis and linguistics, but I can't find anything that gives a linguistic basis for this assumption.
Does anybody have any ideas for things in the literature that refer to the importance of this echoing to provide a basis for making this assumption?
All help much appreciated!
I have some very interesting data to look at that is from free text box responses. I would like to do some type of language analysis on this. What method would you propose I use? My thought is that conversation analysis would not work as this is not naturalistic data. A discursive psychology may also have the same issue..... any other thoughts that fit with a social constructionist perspective?
I'm in the process of writing a thesis looking at the construction of infertile selves through talk in doctor-patient encounters, looking at the ways infertile couples create, transform and resist culturally available discourses in the process of constructing their various identities. Has anyone come across a similar topic or piece of research, or could suggest a framework for analysis that would take into account the different variables my topic suggests?
Gubrium and Holstein (2003) - Postmodern Interviewing -They believe the interview event can be considered a narrative practice. I agree with it, but I don't work with conversation analysis principles. Is it possible to use this idea outside of conversation analysis?
Atlas.ti has been developed in the tradition of "Grounded theory" but I feel there is more potential in it. I would like to be informed about experiences others have made with the program in the CA-field. If you have references or even copies of publications in this area it could help a lot.
Communication strategy researchers have identified fillers as stalling devices but from my transcription work of CS training participants, I realised that they were also using fillers with other strategies.
The topic of my PhD is: The verbal interaction between Noah and his people in the Qur'anic text". I am looking to the interaction cited from both discourse analysis and social-psychology theory. When the corpus is modest in size, the selection and extraction of parts of discourse can be done manually. That is the case of my study about the central system and the peripheral system in the interaction between Noah and his people in the Qur'an. Here, the belief system represents the main cultural component which is at stake in the encounter between Noah and his people.
But I'm still thinking of the following points
1. What kind of variables can be common to argumentative discourse?
2. What variables should I observe to find differences between spoken, written and online discourse?
The variables can be relevant to register, or may be critical discourse analysis, coherence, I can't decide. I was also looking for relevant readings.
I don't know why it is so difficult to explain to my colleages from Poland who work on other theoretical-methodological approaches (sociology, anthropology, discourse analysis) that CA is really a creative approach and a fully valuable method. The situation has not been changed for many years of my attempts.