Questions related to Contemporary History
The major challenges to historical research revolve around the problems of sources, knowledge, explanation, objectivity, choice of subject, and the peculiar problems of contemporary history. Sources The problem of sources is a serious challenge to the historian in the task of reconstructing the past. Is there more?
Let's think, for example, in American and French films of the 50s. Do these countries, despite of the differences between them -political, economical, social- have common points during the same age? Let's compare, for instance, as an experiment if you hace free time, two characters like Ethan Edward (John Wayne, The searchers, John Ford, 1956) and Antoine Doinel (Jean Pierre Leaud, Les 400 coups, François Truffaut, 1959).
Can a film like, for example, "Star Wars", gives us as many information as a documentary like "Bowling for Columbine" about a society like American?
I've checked Ingrid H. Tague's Dead Pets: Satire and Sentiment in British Elegies and Epitaphs for Animals and John. D. Blaisdell's A Most Convenient Relationship: The Rise of the Cat as a Valued Companion Animal already.
similar issues relating to res commuris have arisen in other fields of IL such as law of the sea and Antarctica; both share characteristics with outer space: such as vastness; share similar uses such as mining; and similar concerns such as exploitation.
"Transnational history”, an exploration into, in David Thelen´s words, “how people and ideas and institutions and cultures moved above, below, through and around, as well as within the nation-state” (David THELEN, "The Nation and Beyond: Transnational Perspectives on United States History", Journal of American History 86:3 (Dec. 1999), 967): I toy with an idea that the experience of the WWII governments-in-exile contains some elements of the "definition" above.
Dear colleagues! Could you tell me, please, if the world in reality had a rather vague idea of Nazi atrocities inside Germany (concentration camps etc.) BEFORE the World War II? Could one say that before the war and especially before the entry of the allies into the Nazi-occupied parts of Europe the information was scarce and the international community (to use a later term) did not quite know what was happening there?
Garrett Mattingly, in Renaissance Diplomacy, considered it as a unifying factor in Western Europe.
However there has been some criticism lately of how much religion was a unifying factor and that Mattingly and others were ‘ignoring the historical contingency of their sources.’, as John Watkins put it, in his article ‘Towards a New Diplomatic History’. Watkins dates the term Res publica Christiana to the first crusade yet fails to acknowledge who coined the term or when it was said. Another author, Bjorn Weiler, cited by Watkins, seems to imply that the term came later, during the latter half of the thirteenth century, when political discourse concerning the concept of crusading was becoming more sophisticated (The "Negotium Terrae Sanctae" in the Political Discourse of Latin Christendom, 1215-1311).
This would have been funded by the Prague YMCA, for a trip for Slovaks from Tótkomlós (Slovenský Komlóš) and elsewhere around Békéscsaba (Békešská Čaba) in southern Hungary (possibly also for Slovaks in Yugoslavia then). My guess is that fundraising was done in 1927. Information on anything at all on this, in any language, would be wonderful.
The WWII co-operation of exiled political representations assembled in London counts to my research subjects. Hardly a revelation: the picture is complicated, probably little more disappointing than one is likely to expect when entering the ground. In a manuscript which I hope to publish soon I conclude:
"The story sketched in this article documents how difficult it was for small European nations, despite a common enemy and a shared meeting-place, to find solid ground for mutual understanding. ...The activities of the exiles were first and foremost directed to the preservation of their threatened nationsʼ identity, state, cultural or other. Thus, much of the communication between them was condemned to fail or to get lost ʻin translationʼ of cultural codes."
Intercultural communication is no doubt the issue I address here. Unfortunately, most literature I came across studies communication between "Great Cultures". This is still useful but my issue - intercultural communication within one (European, Western) culture - seems to lay pretty below the prevalent level of analysis.
Any reading suggestions? 1900-1950 scope will be appreciated.
These items were supposed to be 'liquidated' under Allied Control Council Directive No. 30 but is there any surviving evidence as to how this was carried out in practice? Any correspondence, memos, photos etc would be of great interest! My research project explores burial practices and commemorative culture during and after the Third Reich.
Given the fact that music historiographies still today deals almost entirely with “dead subjects” (i.e. music of the last centuries which in many cases represents discourses not active anymore), is it possible to draft a non-linear concept of a contemporary history of music that focuses on the “effectiveness” of the past in the present (perhaps in the sense of Warburg´s pathos formula-idea)?
I am studying the role of Brazilian , Chileans and Argentines intellectuals in transition to democracy processes.
Browsing international press of the later 1940s, I found out there were fears/rumours about the Soviets about to mobilize substantial number of German PoWs in their custody in some kind of a Red Wehrmacht.
Any research/reading available? How much or how little substance was there? Where did the news originate?
Numerous authors In philosophy, literature, and sociology write about contemporary world crisis. In your opinion, what does such crisis mean? What impact does it have on daily living? Above all, who are the best writers (and artists) to consult about crisis?