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Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage - Science topic

Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage is a group to join researchers from different disciplines in a single space of common interest about the conservation of cultural properties and materials research in historic objects.
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Ha logrado alguno críopreservar exitosamente los ovocitos de alguna especie de coral? Solamente he encontrado un caso para una gorgónea (Junceella juncea) por medio de vitrificación (Tsai et al. 2015, adjunto abajo). Se que algunos investigadores (comunicaciones personales) han logrado en algunos casos descongelarlas y reactivarlas después de realizar las inmersiones o el almacenamiento en nitrógeno líquido, sin embargo, pese a que los ovocitos salen 'vivos', estos pierden su capacidad de ser fertilizados (quedan infértiles).
Agradezco de antemano su apoyo y colaboración compartiendo sus respuestas y experiencia en este asunto.
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They may have been frozen too quick? Slow freeze and fast thaw is best, I think :)
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Hello everyone,
As a project for the establishment of virtual museums, heritage conservation for communities, I want to ask:
A. What is the best way to market the museum infrastructure in virtual communities?
B. Can you offer me a list of communities that want to preserve their heritage through a virtual museum?
C. Examples of virtual museums and similar topics.
Our example is the Hebrew language, but the infrastructure is ready to create virtual museums in other languages.
Thanks and regards,
Dr. Ofra Keinan
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Through our article, we have proposed a novel solution in the field of tourism to encourage tourists to visit this beautiful city and discover the rich cultural heritage of Fez. This application aims to give a new spirit to Moroccan tourism in general and Fez in particular. Our application seeks, on the other hand, to bring out the cultural heritage of this city in an innovative way that drives human curiosity to discover their contained and therefore has an idea of the city, which may be unknown to some tourists. (PDF) V-Museum: A Virtual Museum Based on Augmented and Virtual Realities for Cultural Heritage Mediation. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344431886_V-Museum_A_Virtual_Museum_Based_on_Augmented_and_Virtual_Realities_for_Cultural_Heritage_Mediation [accessed Sep 30 2020].
I recommend following this article
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Several authors claim that the first heritage institutions were created for the first time in Africa during colonization. I am looking for references that affirm the opposite. Studies attesting that there already existed in Africa an extra-family heritage, common to nations and peoples, but also that its was institutionalized and organized before the colonial period.
Thank you
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The Diocletian’s palace in Split is known to receive management decisions, which have represented the developing process of heritage management world wide. From stylistic restoration and demolition of postantique structures that didn't belong the the Roman Period, until Riegl's ideas to keep buildings that contributed to the image and harmony of the site.
Is there any other significant example elsewhere that shows the debate or conflict between the domination of historicitized image of a heritage site in a town, and the advocacy of layered-historical complexity?
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You can look at the Classic city of Bosra (Dera'a district-Syria), where the local population settled on the antique ruins were displaced to better enhanced the cultural heritage and follow the preservation sheme according to UNESCO. The site inscription goes back to 1980, when less care was given to add local population and local economy to the cultural heritage's sites management. But the same, even more radical, cleaning-up can be seen actually in the 2015 UNESCO site of Amida-Diyarbakır, where the inner buffer zone was nationalized and the majority of the "modern" buildings destroyed. We will see what will be done on the antique substract, or what remain of it.
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I'm referring to the spread of freshwater species that are attractive aquarium/angling fishes such as the sunfishes, catfishes and snakeheads in European waters (aliens!!!). Europeans will continue to keep them in captivity and will use them as angling attractions or to stock their big mouth bass fishing areas. Please, any innovative ideas would be very much appreciated!
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 Showing the damage caused by invasive species can educate and convince many people.
I work as technician in the conservation project LimnoPirineus (http://www.lifelimnopirineus.eu/en). We are removing invasive fish from eight high mountain lakes in the Pyrenees. After three years of work we are getting some nice results such as the recovering of the natural transparency and the increase of abundance or the natural recolonization of many species of amphibians, invertebrates and crustaceans.
I have experienced that showing these milestones to the local people and pupils in local schools and high schools is convincing most of the audience.
Also, I have to recognize that a few people is not convinced anyway. However, I can see a very good progress at community scale.
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I am searching for innovative and creative methods for engaging children and youngsters with museums histories. Anyone aware of new initiatives or projects?
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a lot of work has been done on a similar topic by Swansea University's Wellcome Egypt centre.  It might be worth while contacting Syd Howells for more info
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What do people think of the idea? Other suggestions are also welcome.
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Good Afternoon Fabio
That's great News I will keep you in the loop with developments
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I am rehabilitating an historic structure (mid Atlantic coastal plain) from the inside. The siding is in top condition (German siding covered with stucco). The resin paper "vapor barrier" has dry-rotted and is ineffective. The choices appear to be: 1. forget any attempt at any vapor barrier. 2. Install barrier against back of siding and wrapping studs. 3. install vapor barrier to inside of studs.
I cannot find an architect who feels comfortable answering the question. There must be a reasonable and logical choice.
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Ruxandra:, Thank you. The subject structure is 115 years old. In this situation there is no water infiltration into the wall cavity. There is no fungal attack on the wood members or siding. As a precaution I am spraying all wood surfaces with Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate (TIMBOR) and allowing it to dry prior to insulating and finishing with dry-wall. I, perhaps, mis-used the word 'dry-rot' as a term to describe the brittleness of the paper and how easily it disintegrates, as most any paper based product would after 100 years. There is no evidence of an actual fungus in the fibers.
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Application of physical methods in art and archaeology began after X-Ray was discovered as a way to recognize forgery from original painting but I couldn't find its exact date?
Does any body knows more? any more information?
Thank you in advance for exchanging/sharing information!
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You can consult also:
- Science in Archaeology. Don Brothwell and Eric Higgs, Eds. Thames and Hudson, London, 1963.
- Science in Archaeology. A Survey of Progres and Research. Don Brothwell and Eric Higgs, Eds. Thames and Hudson, London, 1969.
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I am working on a PhD project where I am trying to look for the inter-relationship between Carnatic Music of South India and the Architectural spaces associated with that. I am using Sociomusicology for theoretical framework. Need to know the methods deeper.
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Hello, perhaps you already know this French researcher but just in case have a look at his work http://www.stephanedorin.fr/
All the ebst
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I'm interested in evaluating how the original criteria that substantiates a heritage reconstruction project (after a natural disaster or warfare) turn out in reality.
I would like to identify, among other things, if these projects actually contribute to social healing/rehabilitation or to the development of the area, and if they are successfully linked to the community. And if not, to identify what unforeseen factors were involved in the project that prevented the initial objectives from being met.
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You might be interested in some of the papers that I posted. They are about the  reconstruction  in Bosnia ' mainly after the war , including technical and methodological challenges, legal provisions, policy and social reception. 
My book  "Heritage, War and Peace", published by the Sarajevo University Press might be interesting (but is is published in Bosnian). zou can also find some interesting information in Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage
By Helen Walasek, contributions by Richard Carlton, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Valery Perry,Tina Wik, 2015 – Routledge as well as in the chapter 7 in the book  "Politicization of Religion, The Power of Symbolism: The Case of Former Yugoslavia and its Successor States" by G. Ognjenovic, J. Jozelic, 
Palgrave Macmillan,  2014.
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Any suggestions on a framework? Currently, I am looking into the Conservation Guidelines: Policies and Guidance for the Sustainable Management of the Prehistoric Environment of the English Heritage. Many thanks.
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Kat
I think what you are asking is very broad until you have worked why you are documenting the church in the first place.  Are you
• documenting the physical structure (and if for what end? conservation management, architectural history, building technologies)
• documenting the history of the specific church building (as a social artefact, from construction to present use)
• documenting the specific church against a background of other churches in the same spatial area / chronological time slice etc etc
• documenting the church as a spiritual space and place of community interaction
All of these have their own methodological approaches.
Hope that helps a bit
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now i'm doing my research about the refurbishment projects that involve a historical building. As we know that historical buildings have their own value which we should take note of, so may i know the common problems that usually happen during the project? 
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All previous commenters have a strong point, so I would like to add few considerations of my own.
Not every old building is of the historic importance (broadly taken, because this question deserves a further analysis), it is just an old building. Although it is not of the historic importance, it is, nevertheless, more or less a silent witness of the period in which it was built and of the period throughout which it exists. Usually there are different levels of protection, basically a list of what you can and cannot do with such building depending from the level of protection and ranging from only conservation of the original material to the allowance of the adaptive reuse (theoretical term describing the practice of assigning new function to an old building). Maybe the first step would be to find out this level of protection, usually in a local institution dedicated to the preservation and protection of (im)movable heritage. Depending on this you may go further and "attack" the problems within the building itself - insulation, plumbing, heating, rising damp, etc and also surrounding the building - lack of original material, lack of skilled workers, etc.
Additional problem is to find an architect/civil engineer and skillful workers with enough empathy towards old/historic buildings, willing to approach them in their own right and not to apply ready-made solutions (especially NOT concrete/reinforced concrete), but to design new solutions in accordance with the historical structure. Such person(s) have to be aware that "leaving their mark or their signature" on such building, definitely, is not the priority. If you manage to find them, you are one step closer to the safeguarding of historical buildings and their reuse.
And finally, not every old/historic buildings has positive connotations associated with it. Before any action you have to be aware of the broader public's opinion, even if this broader public is just few neighbors. Broader public has to be involved from day 1. They have to be explained the significance and values of such building, especially if it has negative connotations associated with it (remnants of totalitarian/authoritarian regime, colonial past, slave trade, gender inequality, etc) namely because they are usually unaware of them and they usually hold their positions firmly. They also have to be explained the benefits of its preservation, but also the negative sides of its disappearance from the neighborhood.
I hope this helped a bit.
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Any Arabic speakers who would help me find out what does "budal" or "bodal" mean? I found it in a ancient document and I think it is a channel or a leat, near a watemill. 
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The Arabic language is built on three letter roots, and b-d-l is indeed an Arabic word. The problem everyone is having, is in the vowel structure of first a u and later an a.  If these were reversed, it would be the name of an Bedouin tribe from southern Jordan. Please confirm that the vowels in budal are correct. You can read more about the b-d-l root at:  http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=bdl
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The past three years, the Dead Sea scrolls have been photographed and are now open to be studied on GOOGLE as part of our common CH by everybody who is interested.
I propose to get photographs of  every Illuminated handwritten manuscript Text and Image and cover (in short all the pages) which is stored in Libraries of the Vatican, Santa Catharina in the Sinai, the Jesuit collection in Prague and the royal Denmark, Sweden and UK collections and in other museums allover the world.
Public as well as private money will be available, as GOOGLE found the necessary budget in case of the Dead Sea scrolls. The European Community will also contribute since the manuscripts are part of its own common CH.
It would give security to the manuscripts to be preserved as photographs and it would be easier for researchers to have access to these writings in pdf-format.
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Hello, Jan!!!
It is a great idea to be able to see these manuscripts on the web, not only to the few can visit the places were those collections are stored or displayed. But I believe if you have the images without transcripts of the texts and without information on the type os illustration, the diverse preparation of the parchment, about the calligraphic types and styles, and about the culture that made them they will just be exotic illustrations no body ill have the joy to understand. These manuscripts need explanation to help the viewer to appreciate them full. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (USA) offer many books on manuscripts, Indian carpets, Chinese drawings, etc. in beautifully-illustrated books, written by experts. Those books are free. You ca pick and choose. Here, two examples and the link to free art books at the MET.
Here is the link to the MET:
Here are some books by the MET and of their collections:
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Dear Colleagues, we are interested in studying the international regulations on the matter of respecting the religious and cultural heritage in Eastern European post-communist urban areas.
We plan to start our research from the assumption that at the local level of urban planning there were incremental changes in policy-making and loopholes in the legislation which allowed private Investments interests to speculate the legal void and thus consider building business/recreational centres in the near proximith of historical/religious sites/ old city centres.
At this point we need references on international regulation on urban planning with a view on historical preservation.
Thank you in advance
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The best single document which discusses the various buffer zones for CH monuments, sites, parks, etc is the UNESCO World Heritage Report #25 (attached here). The importance of implementing various regional and local stakeholders can never be under-emphasized. The UNESCO report is good for examining the aspects of buffers, corridors, etc. These are often only suggestions and recommended policies, but at least you have international codified policies to utilize.
I hope this helps Catalina and good luck, TRP
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(Qual é o principal patrimônio industrial no mundo? E em seu país?Quais sítios ou elementos são reconhecidos em seu País? Quais não são?)
(¿Cual es el principal patrimonio industrial en el mundo? ¿Y en su país? ¿Qué sitios o elementos son reconocidos en su país? Cuáles no?)
"Industrial heritage consists of the remains of industrial culture which are of historical, technological, social, architectural or scientific value. These remains consist of buildings and machinery, workshops, mills and factories, mines and sites for processing and refining, warehouses and stores, places where energy is generated, transmitted and used, transport and all its infrastructure, as well as places used for social activities related to industry such as housing, religious worship or education". (Nizhny Tagil Charter, TICCIH, 2003)
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My answer is that TICCIH publishes reports every three years on the state of industrial heritage in each country where there is a TICCIH section. Some of these are on the TICCIH website (for 2015 and I think 2013) and for others you can always ask TICCIH how to obtain copies.
These report will go a very long way to answering your query Ronaldo.
Regards
Iain Stuart
TICCIH Board member
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We are a research group from the CENIM-CSIC and we are carrying out a survey about the methods of cleaning and protection of historical lead. As part of this study, we want to know the methods more applied by professionals and their personal experience about them. 
Thank you in advance
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You need to talk to specialised metals conservators and ask for their help, not archaeologists. Try CoOL (Conservation onLine) and search in their directory for metal conservators.
A conservator can assess the condition of the object, identify the reasons that brought it to its current preservation state, and perform conservation treatment without harming the object.
The questionnaire attached could be improved a lot, as you mention few methods, yet, the treatment depends on the condition of the object, and not all conditions are the same. In addition, I would like to notice that conservators do not perform electrolysis anymore. Our goal is usually to maintain what is left with minimum intervention.
Here are some  links to give you some idea about lead conservation, but be careful . I would not reccommend any conservation work (or cleaning) to be performed by a non specialised metal conservator, because any damage done by inexperienced people o metals is most times irreversible.
Feel free to contact me if you have anymore questions
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I have been workin on a sandston monument Modhea Sun Temple. The Stresses generated in the temple after earthquake are 1/6th of he material capacity. The monument had retrofication work in 1971 and new sand stone was used for few windows and plinth region. After 2001 bhuj earthquake new sand stone work showed cracks but old sandstone structure did not showed any damage response. From the material aspects what could be the prime reason?
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One reason you get cracks at the corners of windows in an earthquake is because of the stress concentration effect.  If you replace old (deteriorated) masonry by new masonry then (everything else being equal) similar loads (another earthquake) are going to cause the structure to fail in the same place.
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Dear Colleges  in Research work
I would like to start a group research and exchange our experience in the field area, My experience is rich and also environment even cultural civilization which it can give a good materials for research .
I already done a good researches with a very nice college from Colombia in combination different environment and different cultural but it is wonderful.
Waiting to share .
Hossam  
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Okay Maria
Let us start to shear resear
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I’m working on sodium ferrocyanide as a salt crystallization inhibitor of sandstone; I would like to ask about the drying process of the sandstone samples. I will introduce the inhibitor to the samples (the setup will perform at room temperature) after that the samples will be placed in the chamber to dry until they reach a constant weight. Does it make sense to set the chamber at 25 C! (To reach the realistic condition in the field), I have a doubt that the samples will not totally dried and they will take very long time.
The samples already had salt and they were dried at 60 degree until constant weight, I want to treat them with inhibitor to see if the inhibitor has the ability to prevent salt damage
Is there any influence of temperature on the effectiveness of inhibitors if I use 25°C or 60°C for drying the samples, or it has the same effect and the difference is just in drying process?
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I stopped using Benzotriazole, years ago, since I found it ineffective. I went back to silver oxide.
Thanks for the clarification Yazan
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Gifts could be of anthropological objects too and I am also interested if anyone knows something about gifts made by John Jacob Astor's son in-law, the german diplomat Vincent Rumpff (1789-1867). Thank you!
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Depending upon how one defines 'ethnographical gifts' - the New-York Historical Society has some material pertaining to the dominant classes of American society gifted by Astor. And the Museum of the City of New York holds mainly documentary evidence of the same, including images of the old man himself, but they may have more than that.
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Heritages buildings are already existing, but we can't remove them, even they are very old and not sustainable for the future, so what should architect to do for these buildings to become more sustainable?
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I agree with both Mr.Nashon and Ms. Hilary
The rehabilitation of such buildings is the keyword of course for such question.. But, to have a more specific answer, this should be related to the type of that old building, materials, function, location, etc. Furthermore, what type new facilities that could be handled within.
Each case has its own special treatment !
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we have heritage sites and museums in our country starting from the most ancient civilizations of the world to present day Pakistan viz-a-viz Indus Valley Civilization, Gandhara Civilization, Pre Mughal, Mughal dynasty, Sikh and British period cultural heritage spreading everywhere in Pakistan. The scale is so large that even the Mughal Emperors will find it difficult if not impossible to maintain.
Any comments will be welcome.
Shahid Ahmad Rajput
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Have you heard of  Conservators Without Borders? It's a volunteer program that provides support to archaeological projects where insufficient funding does not allow for conservation activity. Check a relevant paper at http://www.conservation-us.org/docs/default-source/periodicals/conservators-without-borders-an-international-archaeological-conservation-and-outreach-initiative.pdf?sfvrsn=1
Another idea would be to get foreign archaeology or conservation schools involved. Many such schools have ongoing programmes in several countries doing excavations and conservation work. Some will be happy to come and work for free. You could also provide for accommodation and food for volunteers, and flight tickets for professors, and chemicals and equipment.
Another idea is to ship artifacts for conservation to conservation schools. At the conservation school where I teach we accept objects for conservation, providing that the owner pays for their shipment and for the chemicals required. Other than that, conservation work is done for free.
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I am trying to operationalise the above-mentioned concept with regard to a local community extensively involved in preserving and collecting digitally its own cultural heritage. The literature is vast about the quality of this involvement, but I think it lacks in terms of methodological approaches.
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Well your methods are going to depend upon the context that you work in really. So why don't you start of with just talking to people and seeing what they say? You might want to avoid using the words community empowerment, just in case they wonder what on earth you're talking about. I'm sure that you'll find a good way forwards, perhaps get them to suggest an approach.
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We are trying to extend the base of anecdotal evidence of damage caused by flood to the fabric and structure of historic building, with the aim to produce a damage scale and correlate with the severity of the floods.
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Dear Christine thank you. This is very useful. i will definitely contact them.
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This project aims to promote the dissemination of heritage interventions already performed related to local development as a long term strategy for the preservation of heritage.
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The preservation of heritage may lead to financial returns in the long run... You may look at this article: Dyllick, Thomas, and Kai Hockerts. "Beyond the business case for corporate sustainability." Business strategy and the environment 11.2 (2002): 130-141.
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Our team plans to investigate the microbial communities inhabiting permanent collections in our history museum. The aim includes monitoring of the structure and the dynamics of microbial communities colonizing different materials (paper, leather, ext.) for long-time observation and to estimate their destructive potential based on their activity. For the moment I am collecting any data, pilot-studies and information about similar investigations.
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This is a reference about environmental data to collect along with any genetic data you may gather via sequencing and metagenomics.
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The anti-globalism message asserted its foothold at the Fall 1999 WTO meeting in Seattle with the "McDonaldization of the world" becoming the catch phrase for the sins of global capitalism; i.e., the destruction of other cultures. In a documentary film that I show to my "Global Management" students ("Life and Debt"), the loss of cultural pride on the part of Jamaicans who have been forced to abandon their indigenous dairy and farming industries is potently illustrated. Jamaica was "done in" by becoming dependent on the IMF for loans, which meant it had to open its markets to free trade (and to the U.S. dumping of subsidized agricultural and dairy products into the Jamaican marketplace). However, the same kind of kowtowing to marketplace efficiency reasoning is taking place in the wealthier countries in the European Union. For instance, Swedes have been told that they need to get out of the dairy industry and import their dairy products from Denmark since that country is more efficient at producing dairy goods. Can this prioritizing economic efficiency go too far? Of course, viewed from the standpoint of the Market, business can only benefit from any homogenization of cultures that occurs as a result of globalization of the marketplace -- economies of scale being another undeniable economic truth. Is "consumption culture" worth saving? Won't Frenchmen still be French even if they are drinking Gallo wine from California?
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That is the great question: when two cultures meet, we can see two phaenomena, the melting pot and the destruction of one by the other. The melting pot is a building event, where two kinds of culture bring their fruits (e.g., the Ilea paraguaiensis tea consumed in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile and Paraguay is a fruit of melting pot). But there is the minimization of local culture if it is not good for creating a market for consumption of manufactured products. Without any manichaeism, the question does begin to be answered by identifying these situations. We must remember, also, that there is a great difference between impact in countries which have been colonies and those ones which have explored colonies. National identity, in the last ones is stronger than in the others.
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"Not even trying" by Bruce Charlton http://corruption-of-science.blogspot.co.uk/
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I regret there are authors whose views are those represented by this work. It describes a totally different reality from the one I have perceived during the last several decades. I still pursue truth, I try to approximate to reality as we may perceive it physically and with the best instrumentation and know-how that science has to offer. This is what my colleagues do; at least most of them. There are, of course, those who publish just for the sake of publishing, and many whose work is really not original and could have been avoided for the sake of optimising resources. Most of the scientists I know, however, have a true and honest approach to scientific advancement and discovery, do not waste resources at all, and work under an extreme effort which should be recognised by Society at large. It is very negative to have these "non-scientific" opinions. It is an important concern that well-known "Social Scientists" attack real, truthful Science without any solid basis. It is disgraceful for Science and for Society.
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As one of my methods for the masters I would like to know other people's opinions on the use of ICP within archaeology, especially plasters, mortars, and stucco's.
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ICP-OES is convenient method due to low detection limits, and large linear working area which enables determination of major, minor and trace elements in the same sample. However, you could have problems with traces of Pb, As, Hg which could be solved with some analytical tools.
But the most important fact is that ICP-OES is a DESTRUCTIVE method, so you will have to dissolve your samples and destroy them completely.
In contrast,SEM-EDX is not a destructive method, but its quantitative results are obtained only for the surface of the sample.
There are many things to think about, mostly when developing and validating your method. Best luck
Iva
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Degradation is permanent (2nd law of thermodynamics), and therefore also the protection of heritage objects and materials have to be permanent. With that comes a need for the introduction of mass (conservation) technologies into the professional care of collection items
The choice of preservative treatment or technology is dependent on the underlying analysis and determination of the properties of object (input and output control, analysis of object before and after conservation). In terms of mass technologies or processes may be considered more procedures / processes.
Mass technological methods of protection and preservation
• Input and output control of the object (example non-destructive, semi-destructive methods for analysis more variables)
• Mechanical and chemical cleaning
• Desalination
• Annealing - oxidative, reductive atmosphere
• Plasma-protection
• Impregnation (deacidification, consolidation, petrification, ..)
• drying
• lyophilisation
• sterilization and disinfection
• digitalization
• and others
All material carriers of cultural heritage are permanently exposed to degradation, which necessitates the need of their constant protection. The rate of degradation of carrier media and heritage in Slovakia is two to three orders of magnitude higher than the required rate of protection. For quantification of object cultural heritage see: http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Potreba-ochrany-2011.pdf or attached file (english version).
Example
The accomplished quantification and analysis of the current state of affairs in field of cultural heritage protection of the objects in the Slovak republic has identified a need and a necessity to build the lacking infrastructure and secure qualified personnel resources So that the discrepancy between degradation speed and effective protection is eliminated. An answer would be the launch of the national network of authorized centres for protection of cultural heritage (IKC-NET) (author of idea: Prof. Svetozar Katuščák, http://knihask.eu/technologia.htm ), while observing the conditions of sustainable development.
Implementation of the results project KNIHA SK (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2008/Hanus_Ljubljana2008.pdf )
The aim of the State project of research and development "Preservation, stabilization and conservation of traditional information carriers in the Slovak republic" of the program "Current problems of the society development" is to propose optimal solution of the problem of preservation of traditional information carriers, especially of documents on acidic paper. Key implementation achievement of the state-run project KnihaSK lies in Proposal of optimum technological procedure for books protection and establishment of Integrated Conservation Centrum of the Slovak National Library (IKC SNK). IKC SNK forms an integral part of the national network of technological conservation centra for complex protection of cultural heritage. IKC SNK is an integrated system composed of the following subsystems: conservation and restoration of information carriers (K), digitization (D) and research (V). From the viewpoint of system engineering and good industrial practice, the capacity of the key technological operation – deacidification – can be increased in IKC only at simultaneously applying the necessary technological operations related directly to deacidification and digitization.(www.knihask.eu ). Very important is the selection of best available techology The (BAT) for the protection and preservation of cultural heritage. Example - Criteria and requirements for technologies. Multicriterial evaluation system of a conservation technology (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Criteria-requirements_technologies.pdf )
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mass technology is needed , but it does not included the past and culture is in the past and must be preserve in the future, with future technology.
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From my experience as curator at museums online, I have seen that many are seeking to preserve their history and heritage. Among them are prominent families who want to preserve and tell the stories of the unique, and communities with a glorious history.
I'm trying to figure out what the source of this need to preserve heritage is.
Dr. Ofra Keinan
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Heritage is one of the conditions (at least one of the most important ones) for the maintenance of a communicable memory and their affects. To preserve the heritage can also means to preserve a set of connections to a given memory's 'furniture'. This one could (maybe) be seen as a shared portion of experience which communicable potential relies in the heritage's (im)ateriality for effectiveness, somehow as we need a language in order to maintain a conversation. A preserved heritage would so be a maintained talk. (conservation >< conversation)