Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage - Science topic
Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage is a group to join researchers from different disciplines in a single space of common interest about the conservation of cultural properties and materials research in historic objects.
Questions related to Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage
Ha logrado alguno críopreservar exitosamente los ovocitos de alguna especie de coral? Solamente he encontrado un caso para una gorgónea (Junceella juncea) por medio de vitrificación (Tsai et al. 2015, adjunto abajo). Se que algunos investigadores (comunicaciones personales) han logrado en algunos casos descongelarlas y reactivarlas después de realizar las inmersiones o el almacenamiento en nitrógeno líquido, sin embargo, pese a que los ovocitos salen 'vivos', estos pierden su capacidad de ser fertilizados (quedan infértiles).
Agradezco de antemano su apoyo y colaboración compartiendo sus respuestas y experiencia en este asunto.
As a project for the establishment of virtual museums, heritage conservation for communities, I want to ask:
A. What is the best way to market the museum infrastructure in virtual communities?
B. Can you offer me a list of communities that want to preserve their heritage through a virtual museum?
C. Examples of virtual museums and similar topics.
Our example is the Hebrew language, but the infrastructure is ready to create virtual museums in other languages.
Thanks and regards,
Dr. Ofra Keinan
Several authors claim that the first heritage institutions were created for the first time in Africa during colonization. I am looking for references that affirm the opposite. Studies attesting that there already existed in Africa an extra-family heritage, common to nations and peoples, but also that its was institutionalized and organized before the colonial period.
The Diocletian’s palace in Split is known to receive management decisions, which have represented the developing process of heritage management world wide. From stylistic restoration and demolition of postantique structures that didn't belong the the Roman Period, until Riegl's ideas to keep buildings that contributed to the image and harmony of the site.
Is there any other significant example elsewhere that shows the debate or conflict between the domination of historicitized image of a heritage site in a town, and the advocacy of layered-historical complexity?
I'm referring to the spread of freshwater species that are attractive aquarium/angling fishes such as the sunfishes, catfishes and snakeheads in European waters (aliens!!!). Europeans will continue to keep them in captivity and will use them as angling attractions or to stock their big mouth bass fishing areas. Please, any innovative ideas would be very much appreciated!
I am searching for innovative and creative methods for engaging children and youngsters with museums histories. Anyone aware of new initiatives or projects?
I am rehabilitating an historic structure (mid Atlantic coastal plain) from the inside. The siding is in top condition (German siding covered with stucco). The resin paper "vapor barrier" has dry-rotted and is ineffective. The choices appear to be: 1. forget any attempt at any vapor barrier. 2. Install barrier against back of siding and wrapping studs. 3. install vapor barrier to inside of studs.
I cannot find an architect who feels comfortable answering the question. There must be a reasonable and logical choice.
Application of physical methods in art and archaeology began after X-Ray was discovered as a way to recognize forgery from original painting but I couldn't find its exact date?
Does any body knows more? any more information?
Thank you in advance for exchanging/sharing information!
I am working on a PhD project where I am trying to look for the inter-relationship between Carnatic Music of South India and the Architectural spaces associated with that. I am using Sociomusicology for theoretical framework. Need to know the methods deeper.
I'm interested in evaluating how the original criteria that substantiates a heritage reconstruction project (after a natural disaster or warfare) turn out in reality.
I would like to identify, among other things, if these projects actually contribute to social healing/rehabilitation or to the development of the area, and if they are successfully linked to the community. And if not, to identify what unforeseen factors were involved in the project that prevented the initial objectives from being met.
Any suggestions on a framework? Currently, I am looking into the Conservation Guidelines: Policies and Guidance for the Sustainable Management of the Prehistoric Environment of the English Heritage. Many thanks.
now i'm doing my research about the refurbishment projects that involve a historical building. As we know that historical buildings have their own value which we should take note of, so may i know the common problems that usually happen during the project?
The past three years, the Dead Sea scrolls have been photographed and are now open to be studied on GOOGLE as part of our common CH by everybody who is interested.
I propose to get photographs of every Illuminated handwritten manuscript Text and Image and cover (in short all the pages) which is stored in Libraries of the Vatican, Santa Catharina in the Sinai, the Jesuit collection in Prague and the royal Denmark, Sweden and UK collections and in other museums allover the world.
Public as well as private money will be available, as GOOGLE found the necessary budget in case of the Dead Sea scrolls. The European Community will also contribute since the manuscripts are part of its own common CH.
It would give security to the manuscripts to be preserved as photographs and it would be easier for researchers to have access to these writings in pdf-format.
Dear Colleagues, we are interested in studying the international regulations on the matter of respecting the religious and cultural heritage in Eastern European post-communist urban areas.
We plan to start our research from the assumption that at the local level of urban planning there were incremental changes in policy-making and loopholes in the legislation which allowed private Investments interests to speculate the legal void and thus consider building business/recreational centres in the near proximith of historical/religious sites/ old city centres.
At this point we need references on international regulation on urban planning with a view on historical preservation.
Thank you in advance
(Qual é o principal patrimônio industrial no mundo? E em seu país?Quais sítios ou elementos são reconhecidos em seu País? Quais não são?)
(¿Cual es el principal patrimonio industrial en el mundo? ¿Y en su país? ¿Qué sitios o elementos son reconocidos en su país? Cuáles no?)
"Industrial heritage consists of the remains of industrial culture which are of historical, technological, social, architectural or scientific value. These remains consist of buildings and machinery, workshops, mills and factories, mines and sites for processing and refining, warehouses and stores, places where energy is generated, transmitted and used, transport and all its infrastructure, as well as places used for social activities related to industry such as housing, religious worship or education". (Nizhny Tagil Charter, TICCIH, 2003)
We are a research group from the CENIM-CSIC and we are carrying out a survey about the methods of cleaning and protection of historical lead. As part of this study, we want to know the methods more applied by professionals and their personal experience about them.
Thank you in advance
I have been workin on a sandston monument Modhea Sun Temple. The Stresses generated in the temple after earthquake are 1/6th of he material capacity. The monument had retrofication work in 1971 and new sand stone was used for few windows and plinth region. After 2001 bhuj earthquake new sand stone work showed cracks but old sandstone structure did not showed any damage response. From the material aspects what could be the prime reason?
Dear Colleges in Research work
I would like to start a group research and exchange our experience in the field area, My experience is rich and also environment even cultural civilization which it can give a good materials for research .
I already done a good researches with a very nice college from Colombia in combination different environment and different cultural but it is wonderful.
Waiting to share .
I’m working on sodium ferrocyanide as a salt crystallization inhibitor of sandstone; I would like to ask about the drying process of the sandstone samples. I will introduce the inhibitor to the samples (the setup will perform at room temperature) after that the samples will be placed in the chamber to dry until they reach a constant weight. Does it make sense to set the chamber at 25 C! (To reach the realistic condition in the field), I have a doubt that the samples will not totally dried and they will take very long time.
The samples already had salt and they were dried at 60 degree until constant weight, I want to treat them with inhibitor to see if the inhibitor has the ability to prevent salt damage
Is there any influence of temperature on the effectiveness of inhibitors if I use 25°C or 60°C for drying the samples, or it has the same effect and the difference is just in drying process?
Gifts could be of anthropological objects too and I am also interested if anyone knows something about gifts made by John Jacob Astor's son in-law, the german diplomat Vincent Rumpff (1789-1867). Thank you!
Heritages buildings are already existing, but we can't remove them, even they are very old and not sustainable for the future, so what should architect to do for these buildings to become more sustainable?
we have heritage sites and museums in our country starting from the most ancient civilizations of the world to present day Pakistan viz-a-viz Indus Valley Civilization, Gandhara Civilization, Pre Mughal, Mughal dynasty, Sikh and British period cultural heritage spreading everywhere in Pakistan. The scale is so large that even the Mughal Emperors will find it difficult if not impossible to maintain.
Any comments will be welcome.
Shahid Ahmad Rajput
I am trying to operationalise the above-mentioned concept with regard to a local community extensively involved in preserving and collecting digitally its own cultural heritage. The literature is vast about the quality of this involvement, but I think it lacks in terms of methodological approaches.
We are trying to extend the base of anecdotal evidence of damage caused by flood to the fabric and structure of historic building, with the aim to produce a damage scale and correlate with the severity of the floods.
This project aims to promote the dissemination of heritage interventions already performed related to local development as a long term strategy for the preservation of heritage.
Our team plans to investigate the microbial communities inhabiting permanent collections in our history museum. The aim includes monitoring of the structure and the dynamics of microbial communities colonizing different materials (paper, leather, ext.) for long-time observation and to estimate their destructive potential based on their activity. For the moment I am collecting any data, pilot-studies and information about similar investigations.
The anti-globalism message asserted its foothold at the Fall 1999 WTO meeting in Seattle with the "McDonaldization of the world" becoming the catch phrase for the sins of global capitalism; i.e., the destruction of other cultures. In a documentary film that I show to my "Global Management" students ("Life and Debt"), the loss of cultural pride on the part of Jamaicans who have been forced to abandon their indigenous dairy and farming industries is potently illustrated. Jamaica was "done in" by becoming dependent on the IMF for loans, which meant it had to open its markets to free trade (and to the U.S. dumping of subsidized agricultural and dairy products into the Jamaican marketplace). However, the same kind of kowtowing to marketplace efficiency reasoning is taking place in the wealthier countries in the European Union. For instance, Swedes have been told that they need to get out of the dairy industry and import their dairy products from Denmark since that country is more efficient at producing dairy goods. Can this prioritizing economic efficiency go too far? Of course, viewed from the standpoint of the Market, business can only benefit from any homogenization of cultures that occurs as a result of globalization of the marketplace -- economies of scale being another undeniable economic truth. Is "consumption culture" worth saving? Won't Frenchmen still be French even if they are drinking Gallo wine from California?
As one of my methods for the masters I would like to know other people's opinions on the use of ICP within archaeology, especially plasters, mortars, and stucco's.
Degradation is permanent (2nd law of thermodynamics), and therefore also the protection of heritage objects and materials have to be permanent. With that comes a need for the introduction of mass (conservation) technologies into the professional care of collection items
The choice of preservative treatment or technology is dependent on the underlying analysis and determination of the properties of object (input and output control, analysis of object before and after conservation). In terms of mass technologies or processes may be considered more procedures / processes.
Mass technological methods of protection and preservation
• Input and output control of the object (example non-destructive, semi-destructive methods for analysis more variables)
• Mechanical and chemical cleaning
• Annealing - oxidative, reductive atmosphere
• Impregnation (deacidification, consolidation, petrification, ..)
• sterilization and disinfection
• and others
All material carriers of cultural heritage are permanently exposed to degradation, which necessitates the need of their constant protection. The rate of degradation of carrier media and heritage in Slovakia is two to three orders of magnitude higher than the required rate of protection. For quantification of object cultural heritage see: http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Potreba-ochrany-2011.pdf or attached file (english version).
The accomplished quantification and analysis of the current state of affairs in field of cultural heritage protection of the objects in the Slovak republic has identified a need and a necessity to build the lacking infrastructure and secure qualified personnel resources So that the discrepancy between degradation speed and effective protection is eliminated. An answer would be the launch of the national network of authorized centres for protection of cultural heritage (IKC-NET) (author of idea: Prof. Svetozar Katuščák, http://knihask.eu/technologia.htm ), while observing the conditions of sustainable development.
Implementation of the results project KNIHA SK (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2008/Hanus_Ljubljana2008.pdf )
The aim of the State project of research and development "Preservation, stabilization and conservation of traditional information carriers in the Slovak republic" of the program "Current problems of the society development" is to propose optimal solution of the problem of preservation of traditional information carriers, especially of documents on acidic paper. Key implementation achievement of the state-run project KnihaSK lies in Proposal of optimum technological procedure for books protection and establishment of Integrated Conservation Centrum of the Slovak National Library (IKC SNK). IKC SNK forms an integral part of the national network of technological conservation centra for complex protection of cultural heritage. IKC SNK is an integrated system composed of the following subsystems: conservation and restoration of information carriers (K), digitization (D) and research (V). From the viewpoint of system engineering and good industrial practice, the capacity of the key technological operation – deacidification – can be increased in IKC only at simultaneously applying the necessary technological operations related directly to deacidification and digitization.(www.knihask.eu ). Very important is the selection of best available techology The (BAT) for the protection and preservation of cultural heritage. Example - Criteria and requirements for technologies. Multicriterial evaluation system of a conservation technology (http://knihask.eu/novinky_2011/Criteria-requirements_technologies.pdf )
From my experience as curator at museums online, I have seen that many are seeking to preserve their history and heritage. Among them are prominent families who want to preserve and tell the stories of the unique, and communities with a glorious history.
I'm trying to figure out what the source of this need to preserve heritage is.
Dr. Ofra Keinan