Questions related to Conservation - Restoration
What needs to change for the deforestation of the Amazon tropical rainforests to be converted to aforestation?
The Amazon Tropical Rainforests are referred to as the 'lungs of our planet'. The Amazon Tropical Rainforests and other highly biodiverse natural boreal areas are one of the key factors in removing CO2 from the atmosphere and are thus a limiting factor for greenhouse gas emissions, slowing the rate of progressive global warming, reducing the scale of the ongoing climate crisis. The tropical rainforests of the Amazon and other highly biodiverse natural forests and other natural green areas are a major reservoir of terrestrial biodiversity. In some but unfortunately still few countries and urban agglomerations, the scale of aforestation exceeds that of forest deforestation. Unfortunately, this does not apply to the tropical rainforests of the Amazon and many other natural forests of the tropical and subtropical zones. It is essential for the future of future generations of people, the state of the biosphere and the planet's climate to protect the state of biodiversity in the natural ecosystems of the tropical rainforests of the Amazon and other natural forests and to convert deforestation processes into aforestation. The state of biodiversity of the planet's biosphere and the rate of progressive global warming depend to a large extent on this. It has therefore been a common knowledge issue for many years to significantly increase the level of nature conservation, including the protection of the biodiversity of the tropical Amazon rainforest and other natural forest and natural ecosystems. It has also been a matter of common knowledge for many years, confirmed by many scientific studies and published scientific papers, that the processes of deforestation of the tropical Amazon Rainforest and other natural boreal, forest formations of the planet must be urgently converted to processes of aforestation. This, if it has been common knowledge for years, is why deforestation processes still dominate many times over aforestation. This problem was already signalled by researchers and scientists in the second half of the 20th century. Unfortunately, large-scale deforestation of the tropical Amazon rainforest and other natural forest formations of the planet continues. In addition, over the last 15 years the scale of deforestation of the Amazon rainforest and other natural forest formations of the planet has increased instead of decreasing. At the UN climate summit COP26, many countries pledged that by the end of this decade at the latest, i.e. by 2030, deforestation processes would be significantly reduced to such an extent that aforestation processes would prevail. But why should we wait until 2030 for this when we know how important this is for the preservation of the planet's biodiversity and for the urgent issue of halting or slowing down the progressive process of global warming. The improvement of conservation techniques and the development of aforestations programmes is fostered by the society-wide pro-environmental awareness of citizens, modern technologies, available financial resources, scientific knowledge, etc. So what is missing, what still needs to change. Is the key problem still the lack of changes in politics and business, i.e. the necessary changes towards pro-environmental and pro-climate reforms, the development of a real environmental policy and environmental protection, the implementation of the concept of sustainable economic development, the realisation of sustainable development goals, the pursuit of sustainability of the development of civilisation with the surrounding nature and climate, the carrying out of a pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the classic, dirty economy of excess towards a sustainable, green economy of moderation, a closed loop economy?
In view of the above, I would like to address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What needs to change for the deforestation of the tropical Amazon rainforest to be converted to aforestation?
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please answer with reasons,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Dear RG Colleagues,
I hope you're doing well.
In my region, I noticed that an area contains a very rich flora and fauna biodiversity. I am trying with a team to establish a complete inventory within a year.
My question is what are the main steps to create a new protected area, whether at the scientific or administrative level.
Creating Protected Areas solution aims to increase the amount of conserved land by establishing new government protected areas, indigenous managed territories and private protected areas.
I coordinate the sending of PAID solidarity corps servants by French government for NGO doing direct action for conservation into the world.
The servant (often with M.Sc in science), are paid (480€/months, during 10-12months, get insurance and stipend for the travel).
The NGO provide accommodation and real mission in conservation.
If you know NGO needing free motivated manpower, please contact me.
CONSERVATION in ACTION! =D
A relict species population is a population that currently occurs in a restricted area, but whose original range was far wider during a previous geologic epoch. Threatened plant species with small geographic range and small population size are most at risk of extinction and the highest priority in urgent conservation programs. As for the relict endemic species, which witnessed during the past 50 years a significant decrease in the geographical area and population size, it is one of the most important primary goals of conservation, whether in situ or ex situ. In some cases, ex situ conservation is the only available solution to protect a species from extinction and to ensure the possibility of an attempt to return to the wild after its extinction after the improvement of the surrounding environmental conditions. Unfortunately, some species depend on the range of environmental variables so small that by changing the organism cannot adapt to and it becomes extinct. For example, in the cases of plants that depend on the availability of a constant and continuous water source throughout the year, they are subject to a significant collapse in the absence of that water, especially in desert environments. The question now is, how can we increase the chances of conserving these species through in situ practices, given the weak opportunities for long-term financing?
Some threatened endemic plants, which were more widespread in the cold ages (relict), when the environmental conditions were appropriate, their rehabilitation process is very difficult. These plants are restricted in their survival to the presence of water, as they are spread around springs and wells saturated with water throughout the year. As a result of successive droughts, the plant was confined to the tops of the mountains (which sometimes provides it with a continuous source of water as a result of the snow). In some cases, due to the nature of the confined micro-habitat (steep, water-rich mountain cliffs), it is extremely difficult to use seedlings in the rehabilitation process, and the only opportunity is to grow plants in the wild through previously treated seeds to break dormancy. Although these seeds germinate, their survival rates do not exceed 1%. How can we improve the survival rate of these new plants, taking into account the dry and water-poor desert environment?
I am currently researching a network of species movement between temporary ponds using Least Cost Paths. With Conefor I have calculated the PCnum, EC(PC), and PC (probability of Connectivity, as in Saura & Pascual-Hortal, 2007) for the network situation in 1991 and again in 2020. I would like to compare the two with one another, and somehow the PC is higher in 2020 than in PCnum, despite there being less ponds in 2020. PCnum and EC(PC) are both higher for 1991. I am therefore wondering if I should focus on one of these or multiple of these metrics in my comparison, or if these metrics are at all even comparable in this way?
Secondly, I am creating a prioritization scheme based upon the change of PCnum and PC caused by restoring individual ponds. However, the two metrics result in different orders of priority for the destroyed ponds. I am wondering what would be the conditions for using one of them over the other, or what advantages one may have?
Thank you in advance for your help.
Has anyone been able to successfully cryopreserve coral oocytes? I've only found one case for a Gorgonian (Junceella juncea) through vitrification (Tsai et al. 2015, attached below). I know that in some cases some researchers (personal communications) have been able to thaw and retrieve from liquid nitrogen, but though they are still 'alive', they loose their ability to be fertilized (infertile).
I appreciate your help providing me with your answers and/or experience in this matter.
Ha logrado alguno críopreservar exitosamente los ovocitos de alguna especie de coral? Solamente he encontrado un caso para una gorgónea (Junceella juncea) por medio de vitrificación (Tsai et al. 2015, adjunto abajo). Se que algunos investigadores (comunicaciones personales) han logrado en algunos casos descongelarlas y reactivarlas después de realizar las inmersiones o el almacenamiento en nitrógeno líquido, sin embargo, pese a que los ovocitos salen 'vivos', estos pierden su capacidad de ser fertilizados (quedan infértiles).
Agradezco de antemano su apoyo y colaboración compartiendo sus respuestas y experiencia en este asunto.
I have 10 million dollars to invest in biodiversity conservation or restoration. I am looking for an average annual return of 5% over 10 years and can accept a medium level of risk. What financial instruments are available to make such an investment?
We suspect single-species conservation interventions are sometimes applied in isolated or highly fragmented and edge of range locations, rather than in continuous or core parts of a species range (or both simultaniously). We are especially interested in whether this is the case for widespread but declining species, such as European farmland birds. Is this true? It will often be inevitable for restricted range species, but does it often happen for widespread species? Do you know of any examples in the literature? We are thinking in the context of spatial consrvation prioritization, to help decide where in a species range conservation resourses are best directed to maintain or increase populations.
Physically, is it possible the form of those human corpses could be preserved for 18 centuries (it was discovered in 1863) below 15m of ashes and volcanic rocks? What would have forbade stones and ashes to fill this cavity? The human "soul" maybe? Gently preserving the exact form of the body with its so human expressive gesture? How could Guiseppe Fiorelli, the numismatist, could spot those "cavities" under 15m of ashes? See that scholar drawing explaining its "marvellous" discovery.
Atlantic salmon has been extirpated from many rivers. It seems reintroduction projects progress relatively slowly in Rivers Elbe and Rhine, and a long-running reintroduction program was recently abandoned in Connecticut River. I’m looking for rivers where Atlantic salmon has been successfully reintroduced.
Then, this meeting is for you...
The Red Macrolatinos (RML), together with the Society for Freshwater Science (SFS), the Asociación Ecuatoriana de Limnología (AEL), and the Sociedad(e) de Odonatología Latinoamericana (SOL) cordially invite you to the Meeting “Tropical Aquatic Ecosystems in the Anthropocene AQUATROP“, which will be held July 23-26 2018, in Quito, Ecuador (with pre-meeting courses July 21 – 22, and post-meeting excursions starting July 27, 2018).
This will be the fourth meeting of the Red Macrolatinos (RML), the first of the Ecuadorian Association of Limnology (AEL), the first international initiative of the Society for Freshwater Science (SFS) and the second meeting of the the Sociedad(e) de Odonatología Latinoamericana (SOL). The meeting focuses on tropical freshwater ecosystems in the context of the major changes that are occurring due to human interventions. We live on a planet where the human footprint is inevitable and it is for that very reason that we need to understand how our ecosystems function in their natural conditions and when altered by humans. The objective of our meeting is to promote the dissemination of high quality scientific research in any of the areas related to the study of tropical and subtropical aquatic ecosystems in the Americas. We also seek to actively promote communication and collaboration between scientists, stakeholders, and members of the different scientific organizations with similar interests.
It is a great pleasure for us to welcome you to this meeting, which not only brings together the members and participants of the four collaborating associations, but also invites professionals, students and resource managers interested in biology, ecology, hydrology, management, management, conservation and restoration of freshwater ecosystems in the tropics and subtropics of the Americas.
Our meeting includes eight plenary sessions which will be of interest to the meeting participants, but also to the public of the city of Quito and all of Ecuador. We also expect to have over 100 oral presentations in diverse subjects and 100 posters presentations. Our Special Sessions or symposiums will cover a wide range of current and innovative topics relating to tropical freshwater ecosystems.
Are there papers or studies on conservation vs. conservation conflicts and how to avid and/or manage them? Here in Bulgaria we have at least two such conflicts, where actions to conserve one conservation dependent species are not in favour to other or even worse may further threaten it. For example conservation of the wolf in Bulgaria (especially legislation changes) could lead to illegal actions against wolf (e.g. poison baits use), which do not affect the wolf that much, but are absolutely dangerous to vultures and eagles. This conflict passes through the man-wolf conflict though. The other example is the conservation of the European Suslik (Spermophilus cittelus), which requires well grazed (even may be overgrazed) grasslands to recover and sustain and its conservation, restoration and abundance is fundamental for several other species (e.g. Saker Falcon, Imperial Eagle etc.), but the general nature lovers and botanists are against heavy grazing and keeping grassland in best condition for Susliks. So here is a Conservation-Conservation conflict. To may opinin it should be measured on the base of Conservation value of the species involved, which is not always the case e.g. managers of the Central Balkan National Park in Bulgaria. Any references, notes or discussion will be appreciated.
Inquiring in particular into the formation of (national, ethnic, cultural) identities; governance; tourism & cultural heritage (representation, commercialisation, commodification); importance of world heritage 'craze' and national ranking; ancient cities;
Can someone recommend studies about the investment on the environment (conservation, restoration, etc.) made by subnational governments in developing countries? My paper explores the factors that explain why these investments exist in the first place and why the change overtime. I am working with data from Ecuador, and I am mainly interested in cases from Latin America. I will surely appreciate your thoughts on this.
In the Lesser Antilles, Triphasia trifolia has been importated from Asia for ornemental purposes. This shrub forms now thickets and monospecific stands in natural coastal forests. These stands are most often lower than 1 meter high but with some individuals reaching more than 3 meters ! This species re-sprouts from stumps and roots (like Leucaena leucocephala) therefore it appears necessary to re-treat former removal sites. The only long-term solution I found in the literature was to dig around and remove all the vegetal material with heavy machinery, which is impossible in remote locations, too expensive and imply too great impact for other species.
Do you have a tried and tested solution ? or some advices to deal with this species ?
Do you have recommendations of artificial burrows for these seabirds, that you experienced:
Polynesian Storm-petrel: Nesofregetta fuliginosa
Herald Petrel: Pterodroma heraldica
Murphy’s Petrel: Pterodroma ultima
Tahiti Petrel: Pseudobulweria rostrata
We would like to attract these species on a new remote nest site.
Literature exist but maybe you discovered something new.
I am rehabilitating an historic structure (mid Atlantic coastal plain) from the inside. The siding is in top condition (German siding covered with stucco). The resin paper "vapor barrier" has dry-rotted and is ineffective. The choices appear to be: 1. forget any attempt at any vapor barrier. 2. Install barrier against back of siding and wrapping studs. 3. install vapor barrier to inside of studs.
I cannot find an architect who feels comfortable answering the question. There must be a reasonable and logical choice.
I am looking to collaborate with a project that involve topics in my study field as mammal ecology, camera traps, management, invasive species, ecosystem restoration and conservation. I have a few weeks in May 2017 and I am open to collaborate in any country of southeast Asia.
is temporary use a viable strategy for the conservation of historic buildings and in what ways can temporary use contravene or contribute to the established principles and priorites in conservation, if you have country specific anecdotes this is also interesting... thank you
Note : Temporary use here is defined as a movement (see Urban Catalyst or Temporary City by Bishop and Williams), rather than an acitivty defined by a specific timeframe. The temporary use movement is based on >intention> : an intentionally time-limited use which, due to financial constraints, promotes maximum adaptability (working wihtin existing conditions) and community enagagement (social versus financial capital).
In restoring ecosystem, nurse plant can be used to facilitate other plants establishment so that successional process can run faster. What I am wondering is, when I need to decide what kind of plant that I should grow under nurse plant, I don't know which one is better, pick shrubs/grass or tree seedlings? I have heard that tree seedling is better because it can cut some successional steps. In the other hand, facilitating shrubs/grass may develop soil so tree will be able to grow in that soil condition.
From January 2014 to June 2016, through the continuous field trips, I have listed all those butterflies which were spotted. Now, I have analysed the land area management of Dhaka city which contains over 17 million inhabitants. The total species number is 136 and a good number of them are Endangered and Vulnerable according to regional IUCN Red List 2016. How can I synchronize these data? Is it possible to make a conservation management plan with the help of this research? Please help..
I would like to estimate differences in environmental perception among reared recruits (2 years indoor) and wild recruits of sea urchins.
We are thinking to estimate differences in perceptions of available food, available shelter or presence of adults as the time taken by reared recruits versus wild recruits to reach a rocky habitat covered with algae (food and refuge) from a known distance in the bare sand. what do you think about?
Contemporary art may have conceptual elements and some materials and textures may not need to be documented. On the other hand, spaces and interactions need documentation. But what 3D acquisition technique to use? Or maybe virtual reality and 3D modelling techniques?
in most articles i get adding 50g of arbuscular mycorrhiza inoculation(sand,soil,host root) is sufficient to do AMF inoculation research. is that always true? deos it hold true if i want to inoculate a tree seedling(potted in a 15 cm plastic pot) during planting on the field?
Brush fire usually happened in somewhere during the hottest Summer of Australia.After put out the fire, is there any methods which linked with landscape architecture can used to help the vegetation restoration of the area? Thank you.
Dear Friends, CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network) has taken an initiative to develop a free and open-sourced online encyclopedia on mangroves named Mangropedia. It is totally a voluntary initiative where University students and web developers started working without any funding.
The encyclopedia will contain everything on mangroves, especially flora, fauna, ecology, tourist spots, biography of mangrovers, administrative issues, categories of mangroves, conservation and restoration techniques, organizations working on mangroves, culture of mangrove areas, legendary stories, literature on mangroves, distribution of mangroves, local name of the mangrove forests, taxonomy, livelihood groups dependent on mangrove forests etc.
If you have any information, biography or sources, please share with us!
In May 1974, only 4 individuals including a single breeding female were left in the wild.
With an extensive breeding programme, the species was saved from the brink of extinction.
But what concern me the most is their genetic pool; having a single breeding female will this not increase the probability of expression of recessive alleles leading to complication or even death in the future. Resulting in a decrease in kestrel population.
I want to know if my thinking is right and your point of view on this matter.
We're studying the feasibility of restoring aquatic habitat to a 1.2 km (4,000 ft) length of river pool on the Upper Ohio River. Restoration may include adding large river substrate, terracing the river bank, adding perched wetlands, etc. We were wondering if there exists any habitat evaluation model/procedure that would allow us to assess potential benefits holistically, i.e., in a linked, perhaps synergistic fashion. Our evaluation alternatives, at this point, are to use something like time-worn HSI models (e.g., for Smallmouth Bass).
I conducted a study on our university's freshwater lake located in our nature preserve. Now, we are in the process of restoring it.
Can anyone recommend any important plants/trees needed to suck up nutrients and filter the water?
The water is very turbid (visibility is low at about 1-2 ft). P is limiting but about 0.04-0.06 mg/L and N is 1.02-1.40 mg/L, dominant aquatic plant spp is FW macroalgae Chara spp., and it is surrounded by Ardesia and Brazilian Pepper. There is a healthy population of eastern mosquitofish and large mouth bass, but there is a high amount of striped tilapia and african jewelfish.
Average depth is about 6 ft, max depth 9 ft.
Let me know if you need anymore information.
We are a research group from the CENIM-CSIC and we are carrying out a survey about the methods of cleaning and protection of historical lead. As part of this study, we want to know the methods more applied by professionals and their personal experience about them.
Thank you in advance
There is a lake of about 17 acres that about 400 years ago was a natural habitat but now it is a recreational area and the lake is just about constructed and far away it's natural behavior. I want to use Palimpsest as an approach to find out it's former cultural and natural layers to find a clue to restore it. Is there any particular way?
Article The Land as Palimpsest
There are a number of ancient and medieval historical buildings which are in ruins. The conservation and restoration of these buildings is a challenge for every nation in the world. If we complete them by using 3D softwares, could it be helpful in understating the spatial organisation of spaces in architectural history? Does anybody know what kind of researches may be possible in this field and what kind of soft wares may be useful in this context?
Replantation succees is investigated through the measurement (height,diameter) of mangrove seedling/sapling/adult and the analysis of mangrove sediment as well as the environmental factors.
Assessment of student's class II Cavity design is based on many features, for example, outline form, retention form, depth, smooth, cavosurface angulation and axial wall of the box. Is this checklist enough to evaluate or does one need more?
Measures of diameters of young mangrove saplings can provide information about their above-/and belowground biomass. How about offering information on actual growth rates at the same time?
What is the profile of the vandal? How about statues dedicated to national heroes, that were vandalised by ethnic minorities which predominantly populate the area? Should cities remove such statues in order to protect them? Do cities attempt to sensitize their citizens in order to prevent vandalism of the same monuments? Any answer will be highly appreciated.
We are currently looking into some fossil samples coming from fossil trees exhibited in situ, and I have come across several microorganisms. Can anyone recommend any papers on monitoring and identification of micro-organisms on fossils located in tropical environments? Is there a chance that some of these micro-organisms have taken part in the fossilisation process (biomineralisation)?
We are trying to extend the base of anecdotal evidence of damage caused by flood to the fabric and structure of historic building, with the aim to produce a damage scale and correlate with the severity of the floods.
The main material of the fossil is SiO2.
Average temperatures for April and December, which are the hottest and coldest months respectively, are:
Average highest T for April 39 °C . Average lowest T 31 °C
Average highest T for December 26 °C . Average lowest T 17 °C
Regarding rainfall, September is the wettest month, and January the driest.
September: Precipitation 208.5 mm. Average rainfall days : 18
January: Average rainfall days : 1
I'm looking for a Ph.D. and I would like to know what are the European most active Research Centers in the fields of Landscape Ecology and Ecosystem Conservation/Restoration.
We know that more than a thousand hectares of peat swamp in Indonesia were used for plantation, such as oil palm. In oil palm, the production will decrease after 25 or 30 years. After that, they will replant with rubber plant, but, I don't think that rubber plant should be suitable on peat swamp. If we want to rehabilitate the peat swamp, is there any ideas to rehabilitate it?
Over the centuries thousands have gone extinct before humans could properly study them and make attempts at conservation, and many times this extinction was brought about by human intrusion. An example of this is the Quagga (Equus Quagga Quagga), a subspecies of zebra that was driven to extinction in the late 19th century by excessive poaching. The problem was that hardly anyone had noticed that the species was on the brink of extinction until it was too late, settlers treated them as pests because they competed with cattle for grazing grounds; their pelts and meat were also valuable.
Quaggas were thought to be hybrids because the frontal portion of their bodies resembled a zebra's, only chestnut and cream in coloration, while the back resembled a donkey. Currently a project to recreate the Quagga using selective breeding is being led by Reinhold Rau and already it is yielding positive results. The problem is, what if the Quaggas acquired these traits as a result of adaptation? The Quaggas that would be released into the wild would not have these adaptations. Also, these Quaggas could never really be genetically identical to the ones that died out, only ever resembling it. If these Rau Quaggas were reintroduced, would they be able to survive and would they pose a threat to the other grazing species in terms of competition?
The spectrum for northern European countries (for instance Norway), Brazil, Japan, Portugal and Qatar. The aim is to simulate the exposure of natural stones to the effects of sunlight.
Given the recent and persistant problems in New York, New Jersey and Delaware, what must coastal states do now?