Science topic

Conservation Biology - Science topic

Conservation biology is the scientific study of the nature and status of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions. It is an interdisciplinary subject drawing on sciences, economics, and the practice of natural resource management.
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Publications related to Conservation Biology (9,874)
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Article
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Epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation modifications at specific loci in the genome in response to environmental cues can appear long before the appearance of transcriptomic or other phenotypic changes with potential consequences for performance. Thus, epigenetic DNA methylation-based biomarkers hold great promise in aquaculture and conservatio...
Technical Report
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Conservation biology is an applied science involving interdisciplinary approaches, including ecological research, assessing threats to biological diversity, and adaptive management strategies to ensure species population viability. Of note is human-carnivore conflict, with one driver involving lethal action by humans against carnivore species, both...
Article
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Understanding the patterns and ecological determinants of β diversity in freshwater ecosystems is fundamental to biogeography, conservation biology, and environmental management. It has been proposed that β diversity can be divided into contributions of individual sites (LCBD) or species (SCBD) to total β diversity. However, the patterns and underl...
Article
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Aim Understanding how species' traits and environmental contexts relate to extinction risk is a critical priority for ecology and conservation biology. This study aims to identify and explore factors related to extinction risk between herbaceous and woody angiosperms to facilitate more effective conservation and management strategies and understand...
Article
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Conservation genetics is a relatively new discipline, and yet has rapidly evolved in the last decade with massive advances in sequencing technologies. Here, we review the newest edition of an influential textbook in the field, “Conservation and the Genomics of Populations”, which seeks to bridge the transition from population genetics to genomics a...
Article
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Background Understanding the micro-­evolutionary response of populations to demographic declines is a major goal in evolutionary and conservation biology. In small populations, genetic drift can lead to an accumulation of deleterious mutations, which will increase the risk of extinction. However, demographic recovery can still occur after extreme d...
Article
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Antecedentes y Objetivos: Los sistemas estuarinos veracruzanos cubren 1166 km2 correspondientes a 14 lagunas costeras que constituyen uno de los ambientes acuáticos con mayor diversidad y productividad. Estos son ambientes críticos para especies económicamente importantes, como las macroalgas, que dependen de ellos para su reproducción, alimentació...
Article
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Research exploring nature connectedness has shown that these relationships influence worldviews, values, attitudes and behaviors towards nature. In this context, natural areas that are difficult to access, such as aquatic ecosystems, lead to questions concerning the need for mediation tools capable of modulating human behavior through indirect expo...
Preprint
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No environment is constant over time, and environmental fluctuations impact the outcome of evolutionary dynamics. Survival of a population not adapted to some environmental conditions is threatened unless a mutation rescues it, an eco-evolutionary process termed evolutionary rescue. We here investigate evolutionary rescue in an environment that flu...
Article
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Warseno T, Efendi M, Chasani AR, Daryono BS. 2022. Genetic variability and phylogenetic relationships of Begonia multangula based on atpB-rbcL non-coding spacer of cpDNA sequences. Biodiversitas 23: 5491-5501. Begonia (Begoniaceae) belongs to Section Platycentrum-Sphenanthera Group which has a wide distribution from Sumatra to the Lesser Sunda Isla...
Article
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Ecological niche models (ENMs) and species distribution models (SDMs) have been widely applied to various studies relevant to biogeography, conservation biology, and ecology. These modelling techniques seek to develop spatial maps for projecting , among others past, current, and future species distributions. Born in the field of terrestrial ecology...
Article
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Ptilostemon greuteri is one of the most endangered and poorly studied woody vascular plant species of the Mediterranean Basin, endemic to Sicily (Italy). Several peculiar traits confer to P. greuteri a character of uniqueness and an enigmatic attractiveness. In fact, at first glimpse the largest individuals of this species remind the most remarkabl...
Article
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Catch efficacy and bycatch are critical factors that determine the sustainability, practicality, and profitability of fishing gears. Inshore Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fisheries commonly use gillnets, cod-pots, longlines and handlines. Owing to their efficiency, selectiveness, and low effort, gillnets are the most widely used gear. Gillnets howeve...
Chapter
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In this chapter, the effect of forest succession on plant species diversity was investigated. The distribution of a total of 422 plant taxa (22 trees, 68 shrubs and 323 herbaceous plants) to forest succession stages has been revealed. Plant species diversity and relative abundance values of tree, shrub and herbaceous layers among the succession sta...
Article
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The popular prioritization of climate change issues over biodiversity loss in environmental archaeology and palaeoecology has been argued to be in part due to agenda-setting created by the ripple effects of widespread media coverage of climatic change. In this paper, we argue that direct scientific evidence for past human landscapes can act as a po...
Article
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Whether nature is valuable on its own (intrinsic values) or because of the benefits it provides to humans (instrumental values) has been a long-standing debate. The concept of relational values has been proposed as a solution to this supposed dichotomy, but the empirical validation of its intuitiveness remains limited. We experimentally assessed wh...
Article
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Biomass and abundance are fundamental parameters in ecology, conservation biology, and environmental impact assessment. Distinguishing features, such as burrow openings and feeding pellets, made by different intertidal macroinvertebrate species on the surface are used as proxies to establish the abundance of intertidal macroinvertebrates. This stud...
Article
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Conservation biologists have divided wildlife in two antagonist categories—native and introduced populations—because they defend the hypothesis that the latter acquires or expresses harmful qualities that a population that remains in its original environment does not possess. Invasion biology has emerged as a branch of conservation biology dedicate...
Article
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Long-term studies of population dynamics can provide insights into life history theory, population ecology, socioecology, conservation biology and wildlife management. Here we examine 25 years of population dynamics of western gorillas at Mbeli Bai, a swampy forest clearing in Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park, the Republic of Congo. The Mbeli populatio...
Article
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Biocultural conservation is an approach to conservation that wields the relationships between a culture and the natural world to strengthen conservation efforts. Hawaiian biocultural frameworks are complex but can be initially explored by a methodological approach that we term KUA–LAKO–MO‘O, which links native species and ecosystems to (1) the pant...
Article
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Protected Areas (PA) play a pivotal role in conservation biology. Climate change challenges the concept of static PAs as species may not find suitable climatic conditions in the PAs designed to protect them in the future. Here, we assess this emerging mismatch for the endemic mountain flora of the Iranian Plateau, the main part of the Irano-Anatoli...
Article
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Vector-borne parasites are important ecological drivers influencing life-history evolution in birds by increasing host mortality or susceptibility to new diseases. Therefore, understanding why vulnerability to infection varies within a host clade is a crucial task for conservation biology and for understanding macroecological life-history patterns....
Article
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Toward the end of the Pleistocene, the world experienced a mass extinction of megafauna. In North America these included its proboscideans—the mammoths and mastodons. Researchers in conservation biology, paleontology, and archaeology have debated the role played by human predation in these extinctions. They point to traces of human butchery, such a...
Article
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Purpose of Review Large-scale and/or long-term monitoring has many important roles in landscape ecology and conservation biology. We explore some of these roles in this review. We also briefly discuss some of the key design issues that need to be considered when developing long-term, large-scale monitoring to ensure it is effective. Recent Finding...
Article
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Biological invasions are among the leading drivers of global biodiversity loss and are responsible for impaired ecosystem structure and function. Underpinning the mechanisms and patterns of biological invasions, particularly how both exotic invasions and native-weed expansion vary across different habitats and variable degrees of human-induced dist...
Article
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Understanding the factors that facilitate or constrain establishment of populations in novel environments is crucial for conservation biology and the study of adaptive radiation. Important questions include: (1) Does the timing of colonization relative to stochastic events, such as climatic perturbations, impact the probability of successful establ...
Preprint
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The effective population size ( N e ) of an organism is expected to be proportional to the total number of individuals in a population. In parasites, we might expect the effective population size to be proportional to host population size and host body size, because both are expected to increase the number of parasite individuals. However, parasite...
Book
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Ecology and evolution are the core disciplines that investigate the processes that generate and maintain biodiversity in space and time. The theoretical and applied studies produced in these two disciplines represent pivotal information to set conservation biology priorities. Because humans represent one of the main factors contributing to land-use...
Preprint
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Background and Aims – To counteract the ongoing worldwide biodiversity loss, conservation actions are required to re-establish and regenerate populations of threatened species. Two key factors predominantly involved in finding the most suitable habitats for endangered plant species are the surrounding plant community composition and the physicochem...
Article
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Background In August 2021, we published in Environmental Health a Toolkit for detecting misused epidemiological methods with the goal of providing an organizational framework for transparently evaluating epidemiological studies, a body of evidence, and resultant conclusions. Tsuda et al., the first group to utilize the Toolkit in a systematic fashi...
Article
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The joint effect of forest edge (FE) heterogeneity and management intensity of the adjacent farmland on FE insect communities is still poorly understood. In this study, a pairwise design was established, consisting of 36 Western European lowland FEs, with each of the 18 FE pairs containing one improved and one nearby non-improved FE. Half of the FE...
Article
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Species differ in their biological susceptibility to extinction, but the set of traits determining susceptibility varies across taxa. It is yet unclear which patterns are common to all taxa, and which are taxon-specific, with consequences to conservation practice. In this study we analysed the generality of trait-based prediction of extinction risk...
Article
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Species and habitat conservation requires a multidisciplinary approach involving different categories of experts. This includes the invaluable efforts of veterinarians to build healthy and sustainable populations in breeding centers or in the wild. This new issue of Sandscript features the work of our veterinarian colleagues associated with SaharaC...
Preprint
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The conservation of biodiversity is a central imperative of the 21st century. Subterranean ecosystems deliver critical nature's contributions to people and harbour a broad diversity of poorly-understood specialized organisms that are of interest from both a conservation and evolutionary perspective. However, the subterranean biome is still systemat...
Article
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Harnessing big data and machine learning provides an assessment of the extinction risks of palm species worldwide, and illustrates an integrative conservation planning approach that incorporates evolutionary and ecological distinctiveness as well as human use.
Article
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The objective of this review is to ask whether, and how, principles in conservation biology may need to be revisited in light of new knowledge about the power of epigenetics to alter developmental pathways. Importantly, conservation breeding programs, used widely by zoological parks and aquariums, may appear in some cases to reduce fitness by decre...
Article
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Ecosystem restoration is a relatively new discipline in conservation biology and good practice is needed to close the knowledge-action gap to implement evidence-based conservation and effective landscape recovery. The Conservation Excellence Model (CEM) has been used to evaluate over 100 conservation organisations including programmes involved in r...
Article
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Understanding how forest fragment size, topography, forest structure, and soil properties affect plant diversity remains a crucial question in conservation biology, with ferns often being un-derstudied. To address this knowledge gap, we surveyed the abundance, species richness, and composition of ferns in a tropical landscape in south China using 7...
Article
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Habitat transformation and species loss bring enormous environmental damage, whereas establishing protected areas promotes more sustainable use of environmental resources through biodiversity conservation. In this study, we aimed to point out gaps in ant knowledge and provide a species checklist that contributes to biodiversity conservation in the...
Presentation
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Традиционные подходы и методы изучения и сохранения биоразнообразия базируются на информации о видах. Между тем, невозможно сохранить вид вне его природного окружения, то есть той природной экосистемы, в которой он сформировался. В этой связи экосистем ный подход в сохранении разнообразия растительного покрова является важным и перспективным направ...
Conference Paper
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Традиционные подходы и методы изучения и сохранения биоразнообразия базируются на информации о видах. Между тем, невозможно сохранить вид вне его природного окружения, то есть той природной экосистемы, в которой он сформировался. В этой связи экосистемный подход в сохранении разнообразия растительного покрова является важным и перспективным направл...
Article
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Ecological connectivity, as a research method related to spatial ecology and conservation biology, has attracted increasing attention from researchers at home and abroad in recent years. Habitat connectivity, as a key link in ecological connectivity, is of great significance to promote coastal ecological restoration and protection. However, there h...
Article
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The fear of environmental doom (eco-anxiety) is a new and growing source of mental distress that could particularly affect the next generation of conservation biologists. With care and empathy, educators can help to prevent worsening the mental health of students.
Article
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Climate change, human population growth and land use change are among the most important threats to nature and ecosystem services. Local appreciation of ecosystem services and knowledge of how the foundation of these services is affected by local livelihoods are important for the sustainability of natural resources and thus may fundamentally affect...
Technical Report
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The field of conservation biology has a long history of incorporating diverse disciplines into its ‘toolbox’ for improved outcomes. One such discipline is conservation genomics, which has experienced fast-paced growth and development over the last decade and offers exciting opportunities to help achieve the vision outlined in Aotearoa New Zealand’s...
Article
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To withstand the surge of species loss worldwide, (re)introduction of endangered plant species has become an increasingly common technique in conservation biology. Successful (re)introduction plans, however, require identifying sites that provide the optimal ecological conditions for the target species to thrive. In this study, we propose a two‐ste...
Article
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Abstract Aims: Flagship species is a widely used concept in conservation biology. Species designated as such have an important role in the conservation of biodiversity by inspiring interest in and motivating support for conservation activities. Despite their importance, flagship species are not chosen with the guidance of quantitative analysis. In...
Article
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The estimation of demographic parameters is a key component of evolutionary demography and conservation biology. Capture-mark-recapture methods have served as a fundamental tool for estimating demographic parameters. The accurate estimation of demographic parameters in capture-mark-recapture studies depends on accurate modeling of the observation p...
Article
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To protect the unique and rich biodiversity of the Southern Ocean, conservation measures such as marine protected areas (MPAs) have been implemented. Currently, the establishment of several additional protection zones is being considered based on the known habitat distributions of key species of the ecosystems including emperor penguins and other m...
Poster
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The application of camera traps is one of the fastest developing and most widely used technology in wildlife monitoring and conservation in the past 20 years. A camera trap can detect cryptic wildlife, and their operation is convenient. They can obtain massive first-hand pictures or video data in the field, providing abundant information for unders...
Article
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Research on plant-pollinator interactions requires a diversity of perspectives and approaches, and documenting changing pollinator-plant interactions due to declining insect diversity and climate change is especially challenging. Natural history collections are increasingly important for such research and can provide ecological information across b...
Article
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The existence of multiple perspectives and representations of different stakeholders poses critical challenges to conservation initiatives worldwide. Thus, to foster more just and sustainable agendas in protected areas (PAs), this diversity of perspectives must be better understood, acknowledged, and tackled. In this article, we aimed to initiate t...
Preprint
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Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) at the fringes of protected areas is a major concern in the conservation biology. Although damage caused by carnivores and herbivores may vary in their magnitude, more attention has been given to carnivores due to various reasons. In Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) we compared economic dependence of locals on agric...
Article
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Ecology and evolution are the core disciplines that investigate the processes that generate and maintain biodiversity in space and time. The theoretical and applied studies produced in these two disciplines represent pivotal information to set conservation biology priorities. Because humans represent one of the main factors contributing to land-use...
Article
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Vascular plants, i.e., plants [...]
Article
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50-річчя створення Луганського природного заповідника, 70-річчя Стрільцівського степу, 10-річчя Трьохізбенського степу і 90-річчя Провальського степу) / Серія: «Conservation Biology in Ukraine».-Вип. 10.-С. 334-340. Тімошенков Володимир Анатолійович, Тімошенкова Валентина Василівна Національний природний парк «Гомільшанські ліси» 63436, Україна, Ха...
Article
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Genetic diversity within and among populations is frequently used in prioritization processes to rank populations based on their vulnerability or distinctiveness, however, connectivity and gene flow are rarely considered within these frameworks. Using a wood turtle ( Glyptemys insculpta ) population graph, we introduce BRIDES as a new tool to evalu...
Article
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The scientific discipline known as Conservation Biology was established in the early 1980s with the aim of becoming a tool for the management of biodiversity and ecosystems on the planet. The reality today is that there is no consensus among researchers even as to which species and spaces we should protect and how or what are the ecosystem services...
Article
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Green roofs (GRs) are proposed to offset against numerous environmental and socio- economic concerns associated with climate change and urban sprawl. In Mediterranean urban areas, to protect and conserve biodiversity through GRs, the use of native plant species from arid environments and with shallow roots is generally recommended. In north Europe,...
Article
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Open‐source intelligence (OSINT) evolved in spy agencies but now is rapidly changing many fields of study, from anthropology to zoology. Despite the fact that OSINT occasionally is used in conservation biology, there is little recognition that some tools and frameworks used by conservation professionals are drawn from this well‐established field. T...
Article
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The choice of words we use often conveys specific meanings and tone to a topic. Hence, the words that we use in conservation science often have important ramifications in scientific, legal, and social contexts. The management of free-ranging cats is an important example, because of the animal welfare, predation, and public health implications. In t...
Article
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Climate change has had a significant impact on natural ecosystems and endemic species around the world and substantial impacts are expected in the future. As a result, knowing how climate change affects endemic species can help in putting forward the necessary conservation efforts. The use of niche modeling to predict changes in species distributio...
Article
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Evolutionary and historical development and current profiles are essential to generating a tangible conservation strategy. It also is critical to distinguish the regions with vigorous potential growth from those meeting evolutionary development bottlenecks and those whose development has been severely devastated. We used two sizeable national data...
Book
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Averting biodiversity loss has been one of the most urgent challenges in our time. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic gave a clear message that human is a part of nature, and protecting/restoring biodiversity requires a more stringent and comprehensive conservation strategy. The most agreed strategy, among others, is to educate people...
Conference Paper
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Community assembly, how it changes in space and time, and how it will be affected by global threats, is one of the most pressing issues in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology. To fully understand assembly rules and future community change, one has to delve into multiple interrelated factors, such as the history of environmental and habitat...