Questions related to Conservation
How can we manage renewable resources for sustainable use and what is the conservation of energy in climate?
What are the characteristics of renewable energy and role of environmental manager in conservation of various resources and to preserve ecosystem?
The conservative and dissipative terms of a 3D chaotic system are separated using Helmholtz theorem [F(x) = Fc(x) + Fd(X)]. How to find its Hamiltonian energy function (analytically and numerically)?
F(x) = Fc(x) + Fd(x), where F(x) is a 3D chaotic system, Fc(x) is a column vector with conservative field terms and Fd(x) is a column vector with dissipative field terms.
After using Helmholtz theorem it is obtained that
Fc(x)= full column vector;
Fd(x)= column vector with zero first row term.
I'm an undergraduate student in biology, and I study aquatic insect ecology with a focus on biodiversity and conservation, ecotoxicology, and trophic relationships. Scientific materials on the evolution of aquatic insects would be important for a better overall understanding. However, I'm having difficulty finding these materials. Does anyone have any recommendations?
Is a low biodiversity more stable than high biodiversity and how the biodiversity can be conserved and how can we reduce biodiversity loss?
A body at rest has rest Energy, so it should also have rest Momentum.
Lao Tzu said, “Gravity is the root of lightness; stillness, the ruler of movement”(重为轻根，静为躁君)*. The meaning of this statement can be extended in physics to mean that "big-G determines how light or heavy an object is, and rest-m determines how easy or difficult it is to move".
According to the mass-energy equation** , E=mc^2, any object with mass m has "rest energy" , regardless of its inertial frame†. Note that E here is meant to be the energy lost when radiating the photon γ, which is absolute and unchangeable in any inertial frame. The mass-energy equation has been experimentally verified  as the correct relation.
According to special relativity , the mass of the same object is different in different inertial frames, m' = βm. Therefore, the energy of conversion of m of an object into photon γ is different in different inertial frames. This issue has been discussed in , but there is no consensus. Our view is that the "rest energy" is theoretically not Lorentz invariant, and the existence of a minimum value is a reasonable result. The most rational explanation for this is that the minimum corresponds to an absolutely static spacetime, i.e., absolute spacetime(Later we will show that absolute space-time and relative space-time are not in conflict). Analytically, this is one of the reasons why absolute spacetime should exist. The constant speed of light is another reason.
In all cases in physics, energy and momentum coexist and have a fixed relationship, not independent metrics. The energy-momentum ‡ of a photon, E=hν, P=h/λ; the energy-momentum relation of Newtonian mechanics, E=P^2/2m; and the relativistic energy-momentum relation, E^2=c^2p^2+m^2c^4. Therefore, it is assumed that if there is a body of mass m that has "rest energy", then it should also have "rest momentum". There is a "rest momentum", and the rest momentum cannot be zero. The rest energy is not intuitive, and the rest momentum should not be intuitive too. The calculation of the rest momentum is the same as the calculation of the rest energy. The nature of mass looks more like momentum; after all, energy is a sign of time, while momentum is a sign of movement. Therefore, instead of calling it the principle of equivalence of inertial mass and rest-energy, it should be called the principle of equivalence of inertial mass and rest-momentum.
When positive and negative electrons meet and annihilate , -e+e→γ+γ, radiating two photons in opposite directions. Their energy is conserved and so is their momentum. Energy is a scalar sum, while momentum is a vector sum. It seems that the "rest momentum" inside the object should be zero. However, one could argue that it is actually the momentum of the two photons that is being carried away, but in opposite directions. The momentum of the two photons should not come out of nothing, but rather there should be momentum of the two photons, also in some balanced way, and probably playing a very important role, such as the binding force.
Our questions are:
1) Since energy and momentum cannot be separated, should an object with "rest energy" necessarily have "rest momentum".
2) Elementary particles can be equated to a " energy packet ", and energy is time dependent. If an elementary particle is also equivalent to a "momentum packet", the momentum in the packet must be related to space. Does this determine the spatio-temporal nature of the elementary particles? And since momentum is related to force, is it the force that keeps the "energy packet" from dissipating?
* Lao Tzu，Tao-Te-Ching，~500 BCE. This quote is a translation of someone else's. There are some excesses that I don't entirely agree with. Translating classical Chinese into modern Chinese is just as difficult as translating classical Chinese into English.
** There is a historical debate about the process of discovery of the mass-energy equation, and digging into the history shows that there were discoverers and revisers both before and after Einstein, see literature . Important contributions came from Poincaré, F. Hasenöhrl, Planck et al. Their derivations do not have the approximation of Einstein's mass-energy equation. And there is also a debate about the interpretation of the mass-energy equation. Notable debates can be found in the literature.
† There is a question here, i.e., is the rest mass Lorentz invariant? That is, is the rest mass the same in different inertial systems? Why?
‡ Einstein questioningly emphasized that energy and momentum seem to be inseparable, but did not explain it.
 Einstein, A. (1905). "Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy-content." Annalen der physik 18(13): 639-641.
Einstein, A. (1935). "Elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energy." Bulletin of the American mathematical society 41(4): 223-230.
 Rainville, S., J. K. Thompson, E. G. Myers, J. M. Brown, M. S. Dewey, E. G. Kessler, R. D. Deslattes, H. G. Börner, M. Jentschel, P. Mutti and D. E. Pritchard (2005). "A direct test of E=mc2." Nature 438(7071): 1096-1097.
 Einstein, A. (1905). "On the electrodynamics of moving bodies." Annalen der physik 17(10): 891-921.
 Is there a minimum value of m in the mass-energy equation E=mc^2? https://www.researchgate.net/post/NO7_Is_there_a_minimum_value_of_m_in_the_mass-energy_equation_Emc2；
 Planck, M. (1900). " " Verh. Deutsh. Phys. Ges 2: 237.
 Einstein, A. (1917). Physikalisehe Zeitschrift xviii: p.121
 Li, B. A. and C. N. Yang (1989). "CY Chao, Pair creation and Pair Annihilation." International Journal of Modern Physics A 4(17): 4325-4335.
 Ives, H. E. (1952). "Derivation of the mass-energy relation." JOSA 42(8): 540-543.
 Sharma, A. (0000). "The past present and future of the Mass Energy Equation DE =Dmc2." http://www.mrelativity.net/Papers/8/Sharma4.htm.
 Peierls, R., J. Warren and M. Nelkon (1987). "Mass and energy." Physics Bulletin 38(4): 127.
What, in your opinion, are the methods, ways, legal solutions, new material and other technologies to reduce paper consumption, save wood and trees?
What, in your opinion, are the actions and projects that can contribute to forest conservation, to convert deforestation into afforestation, to protect the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet's natural ecosystems, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and counteract the ongoing process of global warming?
As we know, trees, forests, especially old, natural forests, primeval forests with old-growth forests without human interference, without the influence of civilization, are the refuge of the greatest resources of biodiversity of natural ecosystems. Besides, forests play a particularly important role in the issue of slowing down the human-induced global warming process, which is progressing faster and faster. Forests also play a very important role in mitigating weather and climate anomalies, maintaining a mild microclimate friendly to living organisms, keeping the soil and air moist, maintaining the high level of biodiversity and soil fertility created over thousands or millions of years, and so on.
Deforestation still dominates over afforestation in many regions of the world. Forests are still being cut down and burned to acquire new areas for agricultural development, the cultivation of crops, which is usually carried out in the form of unsustainable robbery. In addition, this practice is carried out mainly in the tropics and subtropics, where after logging, forests created new arable land is quickly subject to drought and the soil becomes barren. Restoring a forest that has functioned for thousands of years or more in a specific area on the depleted soil requires huge expenditures. In addition, vegetable crops are grown on these new agricultural areas, which are either transported thousands of kilometers to other countries, which generates high greenhouse gas emissions, or are not used for human food but for livestock feed, which also generates high emissions, as industrial livestock farming is a source of high emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane. Therefore, with a view to protecting the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet's natural ecosystems, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and counteract the ongoing process of global warming.
Various examples of reducing paper consumption and saving forests are as follows:
In some countries, the scale of printing notebooks, notebooks, books, including school books, has been reduced and students as early as elementary school write at school on tablets or laptops rather than in paper notebooks. Green economic activities involving, for example, the production of furniture from recycled materials are also emerging.
Another example is the replacement of dirty energy based on burning firewood with renewable and emission-free sources of clean energy. Unfortunately, in some countries, in order to falsify statistics on the development of renewable energy at the behest of the government, central statistical institutions, ministries and government agencies dealing with climate and environmental issues also count firewood as a renewable energy source. Such absurdities unfortunately still exist in some countries.
Another example is the use of secondary raw materials of various origins in the construction industry instead of using wood, and especially instead of newly harvested wood from companies producing building materials based on fresh, new wood raw material from a sawmill.
As of 1.8.2023, paper receipts are not printed in France to save trees. You have to ask for a printed receipt if the customer needs one.
What other examples of reducing paper consumption and saving forests are as follows?
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of scientists and researchers:
What, in your opinion, are the actions and undertakings that can contribute to forest conservation, to convert deforestation into afforestation, to protect the climate, biosphere and biodiversity of the planet's natural ecosystems, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and counteract the ongoing process of global warming?
What do you think are the methods, ways, legal solutions, new material technologies and others to reduce paper consumption, save wood and trees?
How can we reduce paper consumption, save wood, trees and reduce forest deforestation, protect biodiversity and climate?
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this issue?
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Counting on your opinions, on getting to know your personal opinion, on a fair approach to the discussion of scientific issues, I deliberately used the phrase "in your opinion" in the question.
The above text is entirely my own work written by me on the basis of my research.
In writing this text I did not use other sources or automatic text generation systems.
Copyright by Dariusz Prokopowicz
What are the positive effects of solar energy on the earth and role of green energy on the environment conservation?
Does energy have an origin or root?
When Plato talks about beauty in the "Hippias Major", he asks: "A beautiful young girl is beautiful", "A sturdy mare is beautiful", "A fine harp is beautiful", "A smooth clay pot is beautiful" ....... , So what exactly is beauty? 
We can likewise ask, Mechanical energy is energy, Heat energy is energy, Electrical and magnetic energy is energy, Chemical and internal energy is energy, Radiant energy is energy, so what exactly is "energy"?
Richard Feynman, said in his Lectures in the sixties, "It is important to realize that in physics today we have no knowledge of what energy is". Thus, Feynman introduced energy as an abstract quantity from the beginning of his university teaching .
However, the universal concept of energy in physics states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can only be transformed. If energy cannot be destroyed, then it must be a real thing that exists, because it makes no sense to say that we cannot destroy something that does not exist. If energy can be transformed, then, in reality, it must appear in a different form. Therefore, based on this concept of energy, one can easily be led to the idea that energy is a real thing, a substance. This concept of energy is often used, for example, that energy can flow and that it can be carried, lost, stored, or added to a system .
Indeed, in different areas of physics, there is no definition of what energy are, and what is consistent is only their Metrics and measures. So, whether energy is a concrete Substance**, or is just heat, or is the capacity of doing work, or is just an abstract cause of change, was much discussed by early physicists. However, we must be clear that there is only one kind of energy, and it is called energy. It is stored in different systems and in different ways in those systems, and it is transferred by some mechanism or other from one system to another.
Based on a comprehensive analysis of physical interactions and chemical reaction processes, energy is considered to be the only thing that communicates various phenomena. Thus, "Energism" was born*. Ostwald had argued that matter and energy had a “parallel” existence, he developed a more radical position: matter is subordinate to energy. “Energy is always stored or contained in some physical system. Therefore, we will always have to think of energy as a property of some identifiable physical system”. “Ostwald regarded his Energism as the ultimate monism, a unitary "science of science" which would bridge not only physics and chemistry, but the physical and biological sciences as well”. This view has expressed the idea of considering "pure energy" as a "unity" and has assumed the process of energy interaction. However, because of the impossibility to determine what energy is, it has been rejected by both scientific and philosophical circles as "metaphysics" and "materialism".
The consistency and transitivity of energy and momentum in different physical domains have actually shown that they must be linked and bound by something fundamental. Therefore, it is necessary to re-examine the "Energism" and try to promote it.
The relationship between energy and momentum, which are independent in classical mechanics, and their conservation are also independent. the momentum of the particle does not involve its energy. but In relativity, the conservations of momentum and energy cannot be dissociated. The conservation of momentum in all inertial frames requires the conservation of energy and vice versa. space and time are frame-dependent projections of spacetime.
Our questions are:
1) What is energy, is it a fundamental thing of entity nature**, or is it just a measure, like the property "label" of "beauty", which can be used by anyone: heat, light, electricity, machinery, atomic nuclei. Do the various forms of energy express the same meaning? Can they be expressed mathematically in a uniform way? Is there a mathematical definition of "energy"? ***
2) Is the conservation of energy a universal principle? How does physics ensure this conservation?
3) Why is there a definite relationship between energy and momentum in all situations? Where are they rooted?
4) If the various forms of energy and momentum are unified, given the existence of relativity, is there any definite relationship between them and time and space?
* At the end of the nineteenth century, two theories were born that tried to unify the physical world, "electromagnetic worldview" and "Energism". We believe that this is the most intuitive and simple view of the world. And, probably the most beautiful and correct view of the world.
** If it is an entity, then it must still exist at absolute zero. Like the energy and momentum of the photon itself, it does not change because of the temperature, as long as it does not interact with each other.
*** We believe that this is an extremely important issue, first mentioned by Sergey Shevchenko（ https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergey-Shevchenko ）in his reply to a question on Researchgate, see https://www.researchgate.net/post/NO1_Three-dimensional_space_issue; SS's reply.
 Ostwald identified five “Arten der Energie”: I. Mechanical energy, II. Heat, III. Electrical and magnetic energy, IV. Chemical and internal energy, and V. Radiant energy. Each form of energy (heat, chemical, electrical, volume, etc.) is assigned an intensity. And formulated two fundamental laws of energetics. The first expresses the conservation of energy in the process of transfer and conversion; the second explains in terms of intensity equilibrium what can start and stop the transfer and conversion of energy.
 Duit, R. (1981). "Understanding Energy as a Conserved Quantity‐‐Remarks on the Article by RU Sexl." European journal of science education 3(3): 291-301.
 Swackhamer, G. (2005). Cognitive resources for understanding energy.
 Coelho, R. L. (2014). "On the Concept of Energy: Eclecticism and Rationality." Science & Education 23(6): 1361-1380.
 Holt, N. R. (1970). "A note on Wilhelm Ostwald's energism." Isis 61(3): 386-389.
 Ashtekar, A. and V. Petkov (2014). Springer Handbook of Spacetime. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
 Leegwater, A. (1986). "The development of Wilhelm Ostwald's chemical energetics." Centaurus 29(4): 314-337.
 Swackhamer, G. (2005). Cognitive resources for understanding energy.
 The two major scientific critics of Energism are Max Planck and Ernst Mach. The leading critic of the political-philosophical community was Vladimir Lenin (the founder of the organization known as Comintern). But he criticized not only Ostwald, but also Ernst Mach.
How can we protect and preserve biodiversity and important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity?
Why conservation is the most important strategy and what is the most effective way to conserve the plant biodiversity of an area?
We are software company in The Hague that has developed several tools and systems to process Earth Observation data (multispectral, radar) with specialization on the European Copernicus programme.
The European Space Agency is planning to publish tenders this semester in the following topics and we would like to match up with researchers and institutions in Europe that could lead a consortium:
- Innovative Analytics: Industrialization of AI Methods in EO
- EO for ClLimate and Seasonal Adaptive Agricultural Decision Support
- World AgriCommodities
- Ecosystem COnservation actions with CSOs/NGOs
- Embedding EO - regional porfolios for Central & South American monitoring & management support
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like to discuss further.
Which is the most effective way to conserve the plant diversity of India and types of biodiversity conservation in India?
How can we take care of plants for conservation of environment and measures taken by the Indian government to protect wildlife?
Which is the most effective way to conserve the plant diversity of India and what are the strategies in protecting and conserving the ecosystem?
What is most effective way to conserve plant diversity of an area and conservation of biological diversity under natural conditions is in situ conservation in India?
Necesitamos identificar los efectos del cambio climático en la conservación del patrimonio cultural, con la intención de identificar posibles estrategias de adaptación a este y así evitar la pérdida irreversible de patrimonio tanto material como inmaterial.
No se conocen estadísticas ni indicadores a este respecto, por lo que se ha considerado interesante enviar un cuestionario a Administraciones públicas, universidades, especialistas, profesionales, empresas, organizaciones y, en general, todos los grupos de interés relacionados con la conservación y gestión del patrimonio cultural con la intención de conocer amenazas y riesgos concretos.
Se trata de un cuestionario de 20 preguntas específicas diseñado por los/as especialistas que componen nuestro Grupo de Trabajo para la Adaptación al Cambio Climático del Patrimonio Cultural Español. Esperamos que no les ocupe más de 5 minutos en contestar. Es importante que nos indiquen su afiliación profesional (institución/organismo/empresa para la que trabaja o a quien representa) en el campo habilitado para ello para poder garantizar que los datos extraídos provienen de profesionales y entidades con experiencia en el campo de la conservación y gestión patrimonial.
Publicaremos los resultados de la encuesta a través de un documento de buenas prácticas con estrategias de adaptación al cambio climático en el patrimonio español cuyo lanzamiento está previsto para finales de 2023.
What is the ecological importance of forest in India and why do we need to protect forests to conserve and restore our soil resources?
2100010029- Nidhi Kurra
2100010030- Panchakarla Laasya Lalitha Sri
2100010038- Rushitha Deekshitula
2100010047- Vuppalapati Manogna
2100010072- Jeeshitha Kudithipudi
What is conserving an ecological balance of resources to avoid depletion and how to maintain a proper balance between developmental activities and water conservation?
How does high biodiversity help in maintaining the stability of an ecosystem and elements of life are are conserved as they are moved throughout the ecosystem?
i was reading about trophic ecology studies and this point get my attention, can someone indicate some references for i get my answer.
I'm interested in studying specific missense mutations in a human gene. My goal is to determine whether the mutated region of the protein is conserved across various species. Could you please guide me on how I can use in silico tools to find homologous protein sequences and identify their conserved regions?
Thank you very much
I am working on identifying conserved regions in multiple bacterial genomes or larger genomes quickly, but they are too large for multi-alignment. Can you suggest any alternative approaches or tools that I could use to locate these regions?
To calculate pocp, I download proteins from genbank assembly and have them calculated according to blastp, but some bacteria do not give any results. why?
I am currently working on simulating a water jet problem, where water is injected from the left boundary and exits the domain through the right boundary. However, I am facing a challenge of keeping both momentum and mass conservation at the same time. In order to ensure mass conservation in the scenario where a single two-dimensional jet evolves into multiple droplets, it is necessary to enforce the condition that the outlet flux, represented by the product of the cross-sectional area of the droplets (S2) and their velocity (u2), is equal to the inlet flux, represented by the product of the initial cross-sectional area of the jet (S1) and its velocity (u1). Since S2 is typically greater than S1, it follows that u2 must be smaller than u1 to maintain mass conservation. However, this approach alone does not guarantee momentum conservation.
ps: I am using my own code for the simulation and it is an incompressible flow solver， which has been validated in many benchmark cases. The physical properties in my code jump across the interface without any diffusion.
I am analyzing my bulk RNA sequencing data now and I would like to conduct a GSEA analysis based on the counts file.
Because of the lack of proper prior data set in the MSigDb, I have to make a prior data set by myself. I read some literature and see how they make it. For example, in the figure4c of paper from Mijnheer,G et al, they use the core Treg genes as prior gene set. I traced back to the literature which they used for setting the prior gene set. The core Treg gene list actually includes the down- and up- regulated genes in Treg cells compared to conventional T cells. Whereas it is not clearly clarified in the paper from Mijnheer,G et al whether they use the up- and down- regulated genes in core Treg or they just used all differentially expressed genes as a prior gene set.
However, I checked the data sets from MSigDb, their prior datasets are normally seperated into up- and down- regulated genes.
How could I properly make a prior data set for GSEA analysis? Using all differentially expressed genes or separate the up- and down- regulated genes?
Thank you very much!
Mijnheer, G., Lutter, L., Mokry, M. et al. Conserved human effector Treg cell transcriptomic and epigenetic signature in arthritic joint inflammation. Nat Commun 12, 2710 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22975-7
"Restrict from EMBOSS Suit version 6.3.1 with the following parameters: snucleotide1, sitelen = 4, rformat = table, enzymes = enzymes.txt. From the 4379 enzymes present in REBASE, we selected the 650 restriction enzymes that were commercially available, since this assay is meant to be used in any laboratory. From the 650 enzymes, 152 digest all P. salmonis sequences and only 65 recognized conserved restriction sites in the complete set of sequences, generating the same/similar restriction pattern (same number of bands and similar sizes)"[https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00643/full]
I have two sequences corresponding to the 16s rRNA gene for two strains of a certain species. I simulated the restriction digestion of these sequences using a restriction enzyme.
How do i figure out if a recognition sequence is conserved or not, if the coordinates of the cut are not the same in the sequences?
What i want to say is that they could be different for two reasons: A-not conserved or B-conserved but there was some base insertion/deletion that lead to this position mismatch.
I guess i would need some tolerance, how do i figure this tolerance value and how do i apply it?
(the sequences are flanked by the same primers motifs.)
Which method is best used to conserve soil samples before determining dissolved organic carbon (DOC)? Freeze or dry?
The energy operator ih∂/∂t and the momentum operator ihΔ or ih∂/∂x play a crucial role in the derivation of the Schrödinger equation, the Klein-Gordon equation, the Dirac equation, and other physics arguments.
The energy and momentum operators are not differential operators in the general sense; they do play a role in the derivation of the equations for the definition of energy and momentum.
However, we do not find any reasonable arguments or justifications for the use of such operators, and even their meaning can only be speculated from their names. It is used without explanation in textbooks.
The clues we found are:
1) In the literature [ Brown, L. M., A. Pais and B. Poppard (1995). Twentieth Centure Physics (I), Science Press.], "In March 1926, Schrödinger noticed that replacing the classical Hamiltonian function with a quantum mechanical operator, i.e., replacing the momentum p by a partial differentiation of h/2πi with position coordinates q and acting on the wave function, one also obtains the wave equation."
2) Gordon considered that the energy and momentum operators are the same in relativity and in non-relativism and therefore used in his relativistic wave equation (Gordon 1926).
(3) Dirac also used the energy and momentum operators in the relativistic equations with electron spins (Dirac 1928). Dirac called it the "Schrödinger representation", a self-adjoint differential operator or Hermitian operator (Dick 2012). (D).
Our questions are:
Why can this be used? Why is it possible to represent energy by time differential for wave functions and momentum by spatial differential for wave functions? Has this been historically argued or not?
Keywords: quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, quantum mechanical operators, energy operators, momentum operators, Schrödinger equation, Dirac equation.
On the occasion of the International Day of Forests on March 21st, a group of forest scientists of the Forests and Societies Research Unit of Cirad, will publish in the French online newspaper Reporterre which has about 1.5 million readers per month an opinion column to recall the urgent need to conserve and to safeguard the tropical forests. Please take few minutes to read it and if you agree with the contents, please sign it by filling the form available on this link: https://forms.gle/r981va1BNEEz8yfC9
before March 13th, Midnight CET.
By signing this paper you are signing as an individual but you can also indicate your institution. The list of signatories and their institution (if you indicate it) will also be published on the Reporterre website with the paper.
We hope that this opinion paper will reach a large public and will be of interest for others medias. With this, we hope that we will be able to increase our visibility and get opportunities to talk further about the urgency in saving the tropical forests.
Please do not hesitate to disseminate this message to your scientists and students networks.
So far we gather 350 signatures
How to use pollen data to make informed decisions about environmental management and conservation strategies ?
What are the goals of sustainable development in India and do you promote sustainable development and environment conservation?
The above of our two research articles are two of our important efforts on how to conserve the soil and use it for the enhancement of reforestation to mitigate climate change impacts such as Urban Heat Island, loss of endemic species, scarcity of water and greenhouse gas emissions which are the leading concerns in urban built environment. Our articles have addressed a way to achieve the sustainable development goals such as SDG6, SDG12 and SDG 13.
Soil resources are most critical prerequisites those need to be conserved, utilized and given back to the earth to enhance the sustainable existence of living organisms. Current technological trends are mostly focusing on mining the soil resources and fulfilling the human needs using anthropogenic activities. This trend needs to revisit, addressed the research gaps and more interests need to be shown by researchers and stakeholders to enhance the optimum usage of soil resources with minimal harmful effects to nature.
I request the researchers to provide your opinions in this regard. Thank you.
Hello, I am very interested in the current research topics that are based on studies related to the change in the consumption behavior of agro-food products of the population. What is true, what is myth and what are actually the real options of consumers, when we want to know what are the sustainable foods preferred by consumers. Are the differences between generations that big? Are the conservative choices of the over-50s scientifically backed?? Thank you!
how do cultural practices help to conserve natural resources
In the medical field, many journals encourage publishing study protocols. What are the equivalent journals for integrative biology?
I want to test the efficacy of a head starting program on a specific lizard species, but I am unsure of how to do this correctly on the simulation software Vortex. I believe I have to create state variables for this, but I don't know how to write the transition function. Can anybody help me out or provide me with a source that I can follow?
Thank you in advance.
We are planning to design primer/probe targeting the conserve sequence of a specific gene. We are struggling to find the conserve region. Which approach/tool is applicable to find the conserve region of a specific gene?
I have a few proteins that have just the conserved domains, the rest of the amino acid sequences are dissimilar. Can anyone suggest a few articles on analysing such proteins and drawing evolutionary inferences?
There are four known genes encoded by HB genome called C, P, S, and X. Some studies developed detection assay targeting the conserve region of the S gene, and some targeted conserve regions of both the S & C gene. Again, I found a commercial kit targeting the X gene's conserve region.
Which factors should be taken into consideration during targeting genes for HBV detection assay development?
It can be a challenging issue that young people have minimal concentration on nature and biodiversity due to their regular and deeper engagement on social media. They are going to forget natural phenomena and their dynamic ecological system without which the co-existence of humans would be impossible. We get food, fodder, oxygen, and every raw material to run industries from nature which is our real feeder. It is urgent to think from now onwards to activate youth towards nature and its conservation addressing burning issues of climate change and global warming through discussion, education, and awareness campaigns to save our souls through the conservation of nature. Thus, a discussion on the strategic presumption needs to be forwarded through intellectuals.
I would like to conserve root samples for FCR analysis until I receive the chemical product bathophénanthroline disulfonic Acid 98% needed for the analysis.
Could you please inform me about the best way to preserve root samples for this kind of analysis?
Does freezing at -30°C enough? or-80°C?
Thank you for your help.
I'm using free-floating brain sections in IHC, but am trying to adjust for the addition of the mesh insert. Without it, I'd use 1 mL, but I'm not certain how much solution will be needed to account for the insert. Is 1.5 mL enough? 2 would likely be safe, but I'm trying to conserve antibodies. Any suggestions would be appreciated!
How to, numerically, solve a one dimensional fully coupled system of two PDEs, moisture and heat conservation equations, with two dependent variables?
PDEs are for the coupled process of heat and moisture transfer by a system of two nonlinear partial differential equations which uses the temperature and the water potential gradients as driving potentials.
The PDEs are attached!
Any help would be greatly appreciated!
"Law Of Conservation Of Energy" states that a single quanta of energy can not be generated and other hand Big Bang theory states that Universe generated by a Big Bang . How both theory can be true ?
Only one theory can be true , question is which one ?
I just have do an multiple sequence alignment (about 15000 sequences) between different strains of a bacteria for determine its conserved regions, but near of 1% of sequences have 80 or 85% of identity and it generate problems for the determination of conserved regions, that sequences could be the same gene or could be a wrong of the sequencing uploaded to the database?
I tried multiple aminoacid alignement (with homologous crystalized enzymes) using Clustal omega to identify the glutamate residues. The alignement revealed the presence of several conserved motifs. But I am not able to know which Glu in my enzyme is involved in the catalytic activity.
Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you in advance.
To date, there have been two Redlists on fishes published in Bangladesh by IUCN, in 2000 and 2015. Both are focused mainly on inland fishes. Is there any work on marine fishes of Bangladesh? We had a publication, where we listed the threatened marine fishes of Bangladesh based on the global evaluation by the IUCN.
Hossain, M.A.R. and Hoq, M.E. 2018. Threatened Fishes and other aquatic animals of Bay of Bengal. FAN – Fisheries & Aquaculture News 5: 37-39.
I am looking for other works, publications and reports in this regard.
A good book can be an important teaching aid for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as a useful reference for professionals at all career stages.
On the topics of wildlife habitat restoration or habitat conservation, which books would you recommend and why?
Looking forward to seeing your suggestions. Links to published book reviews also encouraged.
The wood of the endangered tree species Paubrasilia echinata (previously Caesalpinia echinata), has traditionally been used for making string instrument bows. Currently, there is a discussion about how best to conserve this species. In particular, there is an initiative to upgrade its international conservation status on CITES, which would lead restriction of Brazilwood trading . Bow makers and related industries are presently lobbying against the CITES upgrade. I find it difficult to obtain unbiased, objective information on how to best address this problem from a conservation perspective. Can anyone please comment? Many thanks,
Could anyone give a detailed description of the difference between conservation of energy and invariance? Is there invariance of energy at all? Or, at least give the differences between CONSERVATION, INVARIANCE, and SYMMETRY. Standard books in these areas do not give the differences between these!
Organisations that host conservation data, especially highly processed data - such as IUCN range maps, seem to becoming inaccessible for 'commercial use'. Ironically this seems to be in contradiction to the main aims of these organisations, which is ultimately to reduce extinction and biodiversity loss. Environmental consultants are probably the main users of these data when it comes to conservation, and yet access is hindered (written requests), or behind paywalls sometimes with excessive charges (especially for individuals or small businesses). Often these data are the end of a long process with inputs (volunteering included) from many individuals and organisations for the purpose of conservation and not to make money.
The goal is conservation and the data exist, why limit access to conservation practitioners? Why are we paying? Sure, data storage and updating and curating data costs money, but how much should it cost? Who should be paying? Surely there is a better way that promotes conservation while maintaining running costs of said conservation organisations?
Some examples of data include: IUCN Red List range maps, Important Bird Areas (Birdlife), Key Biodiversity Areas, to name a few that come to mind.
How can instruments and systems for the conservation of nature, the biosphere, the highly biodiverse coral reef ecosystems of the seas and oceans be improved?
The ongoing process of global warming is also causing, among other things, an increase in the temperature of the seas and oceans. This increase in temperature and the increase in the scale of water pollution in the seas and oceans is causing the death of coral reefs, which have formed over millions of years and have developed the most biodiverse ecosystems of the seas and oceans.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
How can instruments and systems for the conservation of nature, of the biosphere, of the highly biodiverse coral reef ecosystems of the seas and oceans be improved?
What is your opinion on this?
What do you think about this topic?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Completed BSc forestry and MSc Environmental Science. For the past ten years, I am working on honey bees in western ghats (diversity, distribution, modeling, and people participation in conservation). Ready to join anywhere in the world but research should be in India, especially in western ghats only.
Can someone provide information regarding what plasmids would be suitable for using as positive controls for optimizing viral q-PCR?
I do not want to be expressing my gene but would be requiring the vector plasmid as a stabilizing backbone for my gene of interest/conserved region.
As a sustainable agricultural practice no-till is always recommended by the conservation agriculturist. Most definitely, it changes the soil ecosystem (enhances the microbial community) and the functioning of the soil. Manny researchers observed an increase in organic matter and enhanced water holding capacity. Does it mean that no-till will significantly increase steady-state infiltration rate or (field saturated hydraulic conductivity)? How much regional weather (or climate) could impact the re-building/regeneration of soil?
I am looking for a theme on sustainable development in my country (Mali). I am looking for a theme that can be explored in this field.
I am looking for a theme that can be explored in this area.
I am conducting research in the area of heritage planning and conservation. Heritage Impact Assessment(HIA) is necessary before any kind of change or development in the built environment around a heritage site within a defined regulated area to determine its impacts on the potential of heritage. In India, it has now become mandatory by the National Monument Authority (NMA) in case of any centrally protected monument. Visual Impact Assessment is a very important component of an HIA to asses any future impact on the overall landscape of the place around the heritage site. To be precise, according to NMA guidelines, it is required to check the skyline concerning the heritage site, any visual obstruction in views of the heritage site, shadow on the heritage site due to new development, and consideration from building design bye-laws.
Guideline for HIA by NMA can be found here: https://www.nma.gov.in/documents/20126/51838/HIA+Report.pdf
From the available example of HIA reports, I understood that experts are using 3D software, first to model the existing structures and then adding the proposed structure to generate the views in the form of images/renders to visualise the projected development. Sometimes, it is done by only drawing a section and marking the human eye angle. I am not sure how they are validating these views. From these images/renders only, one can not say very definitively whether these are accurate or not. Also, I am unsure about the view/camera point selection.
I have not been able to find any study on the assessment of the overall visual quality of the surrounding area due to new changes.
It would be great if you know of any study or documents or share some light on this.
I am a master's student looking at conservation grazing using White Park cattle for my project. I am trying to decide how to analyse my GPS data alongside habitat shapefiles to look at which habitat areas are used the most by the cattle. The GPS datapoints are from a Nofence collar which pings approximately every 15 minutes but is not always consistent and some times has extra datapoints. Would integrated step selection analysis using the amt package in r be the best way of analysing this data or is there a more appropriate method? If anyone could give me any tips or guidance on this I would be extremely grateful.
Has anyone find any difference about keeping its slides obtained by cryosection in -80 or -20? I have been trying different combinations as freezing them fast in -80 and then store them at -20, froze them at -20 or directly kept them at -80 without finding any differences. Just curious, as normally we all have the available space in our -80's really limited if we can keep them at -20 without any problem.