Science topics: Conquest
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By recovering the pre-critical foundations of Immanuel Kant's political idealism, this article elucidates his fundamental concern with reorienting the “point of view” of real princes and sovereigns to the cause of peace. I trace this priority to Kant's reading of Pierre Bayle, whose skepticism illustrated that the true nature of princes rendered Sa...
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Reviewing the social movements of women and feminists, the article calls attention to the conquests of women up to Sexual and Reproductive Rights, as derivatives and integrants of a social struggle for the masses, criticizing the abandonment of these actions by an identitarian and neoliberal feminism that has been establishing itself in society and...
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To the extent that terrorist acts perpetrated by Muslims triggered the "war on terror," and to the extent that these acts result from a poor knowledge of Islam, the “war on terror” could be reduced by a “war on error," in particular by a “war" on errors in traditional exegesis and jurisprudence. For these two pursuits were affected by militant rend...
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The book by Mr. Amin Maalouf "The Crusades seen by the Arabs", published in 1983, presents a problem; that of historical criticism. The subjects we will examine here are the testimonies of the chroniclers of the First Crusade, including those quoted by Mr. Maalouf, concerning the cases of cannibalism by the crusaders, after the conquest of the Syri...
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Modernity, unlike novelty or liberty, is co-born with coloniality. Neither novelty nor liberty, unlike modernity is historical, they are part of being human, their impetus is to overcome hurdles and rediscover themselves. Modernity is a historical rupture, a counter-event, that is contrary to the evental discovery process, constrained human existen...
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This article explores the potential of historical narratives to inform and guide action, taking the case of border control in Hungary. The Hungarian government has recently criminal-ised irregular border crossing and made a comparison between the Ottoman Occupation and contemporary challenges of mass migration to legitimise its new measures. Qualit...
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The discovery of Indian spiritual traditions is that, "work, and not culture is the fundamental aspect of being human". Work as karma is independent of Identity (samsara). Identity is the consequence of work, and culture is its composite effect. Clinging to culture dissipates work. Culture is reborn through habit, beyond contexts. Culture is samsar...
Conference Paper
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Macedonia is a region reach in natural water sources. The ability to control, manage and distribute water to facilitate the needs of the Macedonian communities is an eloquent expression of technological expertise. To this account, this paper evolves around the remains of bath complexes from important Macedonian cities during the roman period, e.g....
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Colonised societies often continue traditional practices in private contexts whilst adopting new forms of ritual in public. Excavations at the Mam centre of Chiantla Viejo in highland Guatemala, however, reveal a more complex picture. Combining archaeological evidence with early colonial documents, the author identifies a revival of Indigenous Maya...
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Sexual violence against Indigenous women has long been used as a tool of colonial violence and conquest. As a contemporary form of historical oppression that may drive associated health and mental health inequities, Indigenous women in the United States experience sexual violence at greater levels than the general population and at and twice the ra...
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Cultural trauma theory provides a framework for studying the socio-cultural process which takes place between an event and its (socially accepted) representation. This article will apply the process-oriented approach of cultural trauma theory to studying biblical narratives of the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem, focusing in particular on the dest...
Article
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This paper looks at gender inequalities in access to education and analyses of the complex entanglements of masculinity and post coloniality on retention by empirically drawing on the findings of 30 interviews with those who had dropped out of basic education. We discuss how the masculinities affected educational decision making and choices from a...
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Divi Britannici (1675) is a major restoration history that deserves to be more widely known. The work’s author, Sir Winston Churchill (1620–1688), is certainly less well-known than his celebrated descendant of the same name. Seldom mentioned in discussions of seventeenth-century historiography, Divi Britannici can be read alongside contemporary his...
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The time of Peter the Great is notable not only for the reforms that transformed the country, but also for the emergence of new ideas of the place of Russia as a great power in the world. Peter the Great's imperial dreams went far beyond the establishment of Russia’s domination in the Baltic. He was mindful of the problem of the West-East relations...
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Restrictions implemented during the COViD-19 pandemic lockdown in Aotearoa New Zealand changed the space and sociality of supermarkets significantly. Personal management strategies such as handwashing, social distancing, and the use of facemasks transformed the lived experience of supermarket workers, making them a part of the emergency infrastruct...
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Treaties and covenants have been the most important instruments of international relations in both ancient and modem times, playing a significant role in the promotion of religious freedom, peaceful coexistence, and interfaith harmony. The rapid spread and broad appeal of early Islam brought matters of international relations and cosmopolitan state...
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In the article, on the basis of the problem approach, a historical-philosophical reconstruction of the understanding of love in the movement of the second sophistic is performed. Its features and contribution to the development of the implicit philosophy of love are considered. It is proved that in the movement of the second sophistic, for the firs...
Presentation
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There is no agreement amongst scholars, theorists, political scientist and philosophers on the origin of state/government. They have, therefore, advanced many theories on the origin of state/government in the world. The most popular on origin of state include: the Social Contract Theory which maintains that the state was created as a result of cont...
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Many cultural heritage sites in Mexico have been built with volcanic tuff rocks from the earliest Central American civilizations to the time of the Spanish conquest and up to the present. Throughout this long period of time, the stones have been subjected to progressive weathering as evidenced by different types of damage phenomenon such as scaling...
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Ritual body practices involving human sacrifce and related posthumous manipulation are quite ancient and look back on a long tradition in Mesoamerica. The most remote skeletal evidence of such treatment is described for the Basin of Mexico and dates to 6500–5000 bc (Pijoan and Mansilla 2010). Sacrifcial body treatments came to be widely and variedl...
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ABSTRACT The central purpose of this research paper was to investigate the causes of Illicit Border Crossing across the borders of Nigeria. This study had six specific research objectives. A population of 19,452 Nigerian returnees from foreign countries and a subsequent 392 sample size were used in this study. A cross-sectional survey design was us...
Book
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The contributors to the edited volume Colonial Racial Capitalism consider anti-Blackness, human commodification, and slave labor alongside the history of Indigenous dispossession and the uneven development of colonized lands across the globe. They demonstrate the co-constitution and entanglement of slavery and colonialism from the conquest of the N...
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The very insightful 19th century philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, observed the decline of Catholicism. God had died, and we had killed him. What he meant was that catholicism's hold over man was gone, that the world no longer had need of Christ. What would come to fill the hole of this decaying catholicism was not the progress of science, or some...
Preprint
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Experience of management of bamboo resources in India from the time of British conquest to date
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In the "modern school" the transmission of knowledge is a small part of the puzzle of purpose and its raison d'être. This part is framed by the cultivation of all types of communication skills, self-knowledge, empathy, conflict management, conscious experience of human situations and behaviors, which ultimately contribute to the formation of the so...
Article
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Roman lead sling bullets (glandes) have been found at Windridge Farm near St Albans in Hertfordshire since the 1970s. A previous study suggested these missiles could have originated from a plough-disturbed hoard of Roman lead objects. More recent discoveries of glandes from other sites throughout Europe have enhanced our understanding of deposition...
Article
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Plastic surgery knowledge in the Middle Ages is known to have progressed via the Sushruta Samhita and Pragmateia of Paul of Aegina. Both texts influenced numerous medical authors of the Middle Ages, particularly those from the Islamic Golden Age. Little is known of how this information was transferred to these great writers. This article examines h...
Book
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Based on the conviction that politics is predominantly a relation between subjects, this book starts with elite slaves in the political realm and ends with intellectuals in the domain of development. I analyze the dialectical link between the politics of pre-modern state formation on the one hand and the history and politics of geta-barya (master-s...
Conference Paper
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A popular assumption is that communication is ipso facto a good thing, nowhere more evident than in ideologically-inflected claims of the miracles of Artificial Intelligence. Even supposedly critical scholars underestimate or ignore the role of power, which emerges starkly on a critical examination of theories of communication. As this talk is inte...
Article
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Roman Limesgebiet was both a border between the Greco–Roman world and barbaricum, but also the contact area between these two parts of the ancient oicumene. In Moesia Inferior, this area was established after the Roman conquest in the 1st century AD, in order to defend the Danube border. This article analyses segments of the cultural landscape deve...
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The participation or position of women in any society or civilization is a very important issue. There is no room for underestimating the contribution of women in shaping the foundation or structure of any society. From the beginning of civilization to the present time, women have perpetuated human civilization through direct or indirect cooperat...
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This article analyses Nahuatl and Spanish written testimonies concerning numerous omens that predicted the arrival of conquistadors headed by Hernán Cortés and the fall of Aztec state in Central Mexico. The emphasis is made on classification of these testimonies, the problem of their possible genealogical ties and meeting points of Christian millen...
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Sanctuaries are common spaces of interaction between humankind and the gods. In many religious systems, mountains and other elevated topographical features are known to have formed part of these privileged spaces of communication. It is not surprising that open-air and, in many cases, rock sanctuaries are the cultic spaces par excellence among the...
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Abstract: This paper is devoted to answering the following question: Did the Ottomans abandon Algeria? Miralay kâmil bey’s mission to Consting ntine in (1836)was the objective behind shedding light on new information about a secret mission carried by the Ottoman Empire aiming to understand the Algerian problem prior to the French setting sail t...
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This study aims to follow the Ottoman Empire's stands on Constantine's requests, particularly that of the designation of Ahmed Bey as the Pacha of Algeria replacing his predecessor Hussein Dey who was removed by the French forces following their conquest of Algeria in 1830. This study attempts to analyze the archived correspondences between Ahmed B...
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The Vettones were one of the most important Celtic peoples of the Late Iron Age in Western Iberia (between the Duero and Tagus Rivers). It is a period recognised from the spread of the cremation ritual in the cemeteries, the development of iron metallurgy, and the emergence of large fortified settlements—the characteristic oppida —that would finall...
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Paints and plasters from two pharaonic settlement sites in Nubia (northern Sudan) were analysed to investigate the presence and origin of organic binding materials. The town of Sai was founded around the time of the pharaonic conquest of Kush (Upper Nubia) around 1500 BC, with Amara West created as a new centre for the pharaonic administration of t...
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The problem of evil has attracted the attention of philosophers for at least the past three millennia. The Pre-Socratic Greek thinkers viewed good and evil in terms of the impact that individuals had upon the prosperity of the city-state. This strategic evaluation was rejected by Plato in favour of a metaphysical approach--an approach that prevaile...
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Bugün önemli bir kısmı Özbekistan Cumhuriyeti sınırları içinde yer alan coğrafya, IX. yüzyıldan itibaren kaynaklarda Mâverâünnehir olarak zikredilmektedir. Bu coğrafya, ilim-kültür ve sanata hayat veren, fikrî akımlara ev sahipliği yapan özel bir bölgenin adıdır. Asırlar boyunca İslâm bilim-düşünce tarihine yön veren ve İslâm medeniyetinin gelişimi...
Article
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The paper has two main aims: first, to establish a hierarchically decomposed, based on their recorded influences, List of 55 prominent Ancient Greek mathematicians, of the circa 700 BC to circa 350 AD period. Drafting of the List was strictly founded on the written and relatively well documented historical record; the objective behind the drafting...
Article
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En el siguiente trabajo presentamos un estudio de arte rupestre de varios emplazamientos arqueológicos en la zona conocida como Morros y Montaña de Santiago (San Bartolomé de Tirajana, Gran Canaria). Teniendo en cuenta que en estas zonas arqueológicas se localizan vestigios de factura indígena y de época colonial nuestro objetivo principal se focal...
Article
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En este artículo se estudiarán las características y prácticas de la guerra de conquista y el mando militar y adoptadas por los capitanes castellanos durante las fases iniciales de la expansión atlántica ibérica entre el final de la Edad Media y el inicio de la Temprana Modernidad. A partir de los relatos de las campañas contra los aborígenes por e...
Article
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Indians had come to recognize that their fate and the fate of amaranth was one and the same.-John N. Cole, Amaranth: From the Past for the Future Tehuacán Valley lies between the neovolcanic mountain ranges that divide it from Oaxaca to the south and Veracruz to the east. The mountains stop the clouds coming from the oceans and, as a result, Tehuac...
Article
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Background: Vemurafenib (VEM) was a licensed drug for the treatment of skin melanoma and is available only in the market as oral tablets prescribed in huge doses (1920 mg/day). One reason for the high dose is vemurafenib's low oral bioavailability. Methods: VEM-lipid complex (DLC) was predicted based on Conquest and Mercury programs and prepared us...
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سادت في منطقة سامراء منذ عصور ما قبل التاريخ وما تلاها من عصور تاريخية ملامح استيطانية ظهرت في أنحاء متفرقة لا سيما في شمال وجنوب المدينة، وأنتج أولئك المستوطنون أنماطاً عمرانية متنوعة تركت آثارها في عموم المنطقة والتي لا تزال بعضها شاخصة حتى يومنا هذا، وتنوعت الأحوال العمرانية خلال تلك العصور ما بين المستوطنات السكانية المختلفة، ومشاريع الإرواء ال...
Article
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The aim of this paper is studying the social, sectarian and political conditions of the Shiites in Pakistan, through processing the scientific data published in Urdu and English writings related to the subject of research. The researcher will also provide a comprehensive demographic study on the nature of the Shiite community in Pakistan within the...
Article
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This study departs from the popular intellectual narrative of neoclassical theorists that look at positivity and negativity of migration as separate discourses and has chosen peace as a field of interest to posit on paradox of migration. The assumption of this study is that migration, annexation, occupation, conquest, ethnicity and political-econom...
Article
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The article aims at over-viewing foreign and especially Turkish (Ottoman) written sources to study historic Georgian costume. The article presents Georgian clothes and headwear depicted at the example of miniatures in the manuscript of the historical work "Secaatname" by Asaf Dal-Mehmed Chelebi which dates back to 1586. Mostly analyzed miniatures:...
Chapter
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The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be labelled as in part a war for memories. The different national-religious groups destroyed religious buildings, since such structures both represent the national presence of the Others and act as places of memory. Many churches and mosques were completely destroyed and sometimes even replaced by parking lots...
Article
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Russia's war against Ukraine has increased the intensity of Russian cyber operations compared to 2014-2021. However, this increase has not (yet) inflicted significant damage on Ukrainian infrastructure. Analytical reports published after February 2022 offer two competing explanations for Russia's information-technology (IT) attack failure. The firs...
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The tourism literature of today frequently combines all of the Mughal contributions to Kashmir. Kashmir had a significant role in the magnificent Mughal Empire. The Valley was close to the Central Asian border in the Kabul area. Strong dynastic monarchs like Akbar, Jahangir, Shah-i-Jahan, and Aurangzeb ruled it. The region's trade and commerce were...
Article
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Baitul Maqdis has valuable lessons and lessons from the cycle of generations that have conquered it, one of which is that it is proof of the tolerance of Muslims. This is evidenced by the attitude of Saladin al-Ayyubi when he succeeded in conquering Baitul Maqdis, having previously been colonized by the Crusaders. However, studies on evidence of Mu...
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(This is a Turkish translation of my article that originally appeared in the journal Ethnology, 1999.) The origin and evolution of the 19th-century Zulu Kingdom are used to examine two competing state formation theories: Robert Carneiro’s circumscription theory and Elman Service’s theory of institutionalized leadership. Both theories partly clarify...
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The Canary Islands have an enormous richness of crops and varieties, many of them traditional or local, selected for decades by farmers based on the most desirable characteristics. Pear trees were introduced to the Canary Islands presumably in the first years after their Conquest in the 15th century, reaching a high degree of diversification. In th...
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ABSTRACT Many academic studies address the working woman, but few of them critically synthesize historical information. This theoretical essay presents information from scientific articles, books, and book chapters about the social history of working women, organized around world landmarks and presented with reflections on Brazilian reality. The an...
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This book brings together the papers prepared for the colloquium “From subjects to citizens: the conquest of citizenship, from vintismo to the present”, organised within the framework of the commemorations of the bicentenary of the Revolution of 1820. The fundamental scope of this book (such as the colloquium) is to evaluate the historical legacy o...
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The economic crisis has had an asymmetric effect on Spanish and regional/local economies. This study aims to analyze the strategies developed by cooperative wineries in Castilla-La Mancha (CLM) and their impact on performance measurements. The paper opted for an exploratory study based on a compilation of financial statements consisting of the trad...
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Since the financial crisis of 2008, a “new democratic socialism” (DSA, Podemos, Syriza, Jacobin) has been gaining influence, advancing the idea of a gradual socialist transition away from the existing State structures. The purpose of this article is to submit to criticism (starting from Marx’s Capital) the theoretical and political assumptions of t...
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While the Ottoman conquest of the Mamluk realm in 1516-17 doubtlessly changed the balance of political power in Egypt and Greater Syria, the changes must be seen as a wide-ranging transition process. The present collection of essays provides several case studies on the changing situation during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and explains how...
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En este artículo se explora sobre la construcción de los imaginarios a través de la idea de que éstos se forman a través de marcos de ideas heredadas, se explora la visión sobre el desierto en el Nuevo Mundo desde uno de sus conquistadores, el capitán Alberto del Canto. Explorando alrededor de la formación de los componentes colectivos de su imagin...
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Highlights: • A pre-Hispanic settlement within the southern limits of the Aztec Empire (Lerma River Basin-Balsas River Basin, State of Mexico, Mexico) was systematically surveyed based on GIS integration data from optical sensors. • The combination of varied input data (Sentinel 2, UAV, DTM and NDVI) can be replicated as an alternative research met...
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This article challenges the notion that populist rhetoric in Latin America primarily and consistently arose in response to recent social dislocations and involves, from the onset, a Manichean struggle of the good people against an evil enemy. Instead, this work seeks the origins of polarisation, so often associated with populism, deep in history: i...
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The article analyzes the ongoing Russian–Ukrainian war in terms of a colonial seizure undertaken by a fading but aggressive Russian empire. This highly political adventure is translated into more abstract terms, that is, an irresolvable conflict between existence, which is always the experience of coexistence devoid of any essence whatsoever, and i...
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El conflicto entre Occidente y Oriente – tan de moda en la actualidad – no es nuevo, sino que hunde sus raíces en la Antigüedad. A la muerte de Alejandro Magno (323 a.C.) esa lucha se enquistó entre sus herederos y los partos, que libraron cruentas luchas sin cuartel. La llegada de Roma a Oriente, con su política expansionista, aumentó dicha rival...
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In this chapter we apply the concepts of resilience theory and systemic risk to the Bronze Age Collapse. We contend that this was a case of synchronous failures driven by both long-term trends in interconnectedness and inequality, as well as external shocks such as climate change, warfare (including from hostile migration), rebellion, and earthquak...
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Southern New England, today, is a de facto exception to much of U.S. Indian law and policy, with progress sustained by Indigenous peoples in the region at a bare minimum. The exception is the product of more than three hundred years of discrimination and persecution with law employed as the primary weapon. After the conclusion of seventeenth centur...
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Wheat streak mosaic tritimovirus (WSMV) seriously damages wheat worldwide. We report analyses of new complete ORF (CO) sequences from seven Australian isolates with 56 COs and 128 coat protein (CP) genes sequenced previously. Eleven CO and three CP sequences were recombinants. They were removed from our analyses. Patristic distances of Maximum Like...
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This article analyses responses to the typhus epidemic in German-occupied Poland during the First World War. The German conquest of the Kingdom of Poland in 1915 not only instated a new political regime, but also brought about social misery on an unprecedented scale. Especially in larger cities, the poor segments of the population were made homeles...
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The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between the standards of scientific production and the training academic policy, through the struggles generated between the different positions of agents belonging to the field of Educational Policy of the stricto sensu Postgraduate Education programs in the Northeast region of Brazil. To thi...
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Antalya is a refreshing city. We first visited Fethiye in Antalya with my family. I also remember seeing Kas during the conquest holiday; Both from my rather old memories. A few years later, I started at a hotel in Kemer. From now on, I work as a switchman and a receptionist in a hotel in Alanya. I have a Fethiye-Kaş-Kemer and Alanya experience tha...
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Given the great complexity of the period after the conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders in 1204 and the fragmentation of former Byzantine territories, Late Medieval ceramic evidence from the Morea is a useful indicator of the impact of these seminal historical changes. By the mid-thirteenth century, the Byzantine production centres were, wit...
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Islam in Western thought has a very bad brand image and relative image. One western figure named Voltaire included an orientalist who insulted the Prophet Muhammad and the religion of Islam. The study aimed to find out specifically about Voltaire's understanding of the Prophet Muhammad and the religion of Islam, factors that influenced Voltaire in...
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Trabzon-Değirmendere Valley is the third holy place for the Orthodox after Jerusalem and Hagion Oros (the Holy mountain). This study intends, through a field work, to trace and document the places of worship built by non-Muslims in Hamsiköy Valley, which is a branch of Değirmendere Valley that had the densest non-Muslim population, not included in...
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En este trabajo se pretende ofrecer un análisis del trabajo del textil de la ciudad de Granada en los últimos momentos del periodo medieval. Para llevar a cabo esta tarea se ha usado documentación escrita cristiana inmediatamente posterior a la conquista, tratando de identificar la evolución del sector y la constatación de nuevas prácticas económic...
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The early Nahuatl source Annals of Cuauhtitlan presents the most detailed account of Quetzalcoatl, the enigmatic priest king of Tollan and creator god, wind god and cultural hero. Although an increasing number of scholars recognize the syncretic nature of this text a method is still missing to separate the pre-Hispanic attitudes from the new syncre...
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This paper rediscusses the famous Dutch defeat in the battle for the conquest of Macau in 1622, recalling its historical context, textual representations, and economic meanings. It also addresses the unfulfilled later projects of the VOC in 1641-1642 for a novel attack on Macau, followed by an extensive period of trade maritime profitable exchanges...
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This book probes the interconnections of time and ecology in order to spark our imagination and re-think a planetary, and ecology, otherwise. It presents debates that interrogate and elucidate the anxieties of the known and the unknown of this world and the planetary beyond, sifting temporal accounts of the Anthropocene, human beings, and climate c...
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It’s already a hundred and twenty-four years since the day of the nation's independence from the hands of Spanish rule. Spanish colonialism has changed and altered so many aspects of our life and the effects and marks of it can still be seen up to this day; in our culture, traditions, customs, language, virtues and values, etc. Reading Jose Rizal’s...
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In the year 2014, SJG published a description of an unknown Armadillidium Brandt, 1831 collected in 2005 and 2010 in the Mediterranean Biome glasshouse of the Eden Project, Cornwall, UK (Gregory, 2014). The species was provisionally attributed to Armadillidium assimile Budde-Lund (Gregory, 2010), but differed by its smaller size and in the shape of...
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Religion and the contestation of space" sounds like "Religion and Transcendent force(s),! a synthesis of religion with everyday life, where religion may not do without man and God. Religion is society based and it is championed by Homosapiens-human beings and now of ICT appliance. God is always the discussion of religion. From the inception of reli...
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Tel Shiqmona is a small site situated on Israel’s Carmel coast, presently on the southern outskirts of the city of Haifa. This paper results from an ongoing stratigraphic, contextual and artifactual analysis of the Bronze and Iron Age occupation at the site, excavated by Joseph Elgavish in the 1960s and 1970s. We present here one of the late Iron A...
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People who are not Muslims but live under the rule of the Islamic state under certain conditions are called "non-Muslim". With the Prophet’s migration to Madinah, he encountered a non-Muslim community and clearly demonstrated his stance on them with the "Madinah Convention". As a result of the intense conquest movements that started with the Compan...
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This article offers a critical re-examination of Early Modern migrations to Ireland and their effect on farming practices, c.1580-1660. During and after the English conquest of Ireland, tens and eventually hundreds of thousands of settlers arrived from Britain. Focusing on Munster and to a lesser extent Ulster, I argue they were not greeted with an...
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This is a further draft of The Arab Conquest of Maghreb
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This groundbreaking, five-volume series offers a comprehensive, fully illustrated history of Egypt and Western Asia (the Levant, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Iran), from the emergence of complex states to the conquest of Alexander the Great. Written by a highly diverse, international team of leading scholars, the volumes in this series focus firmly o...
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The nature of ethnic change in North Africa and the establishment of both identity and fanaticism.
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D. Vergun’s maps as a tool for structuring Russian nationalist idea in the early 20th century ABSTRACT. The article analyzes geographical maps used in the periodical press of the early 20th century Russian Empire to form the image of a particular space, which was prescribed to be a subject of political control or to be part of the national territor...
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Early marine invertebrates like the Branchiopoda began their sojourn into dilute media some 500 million years ago in the Middle Cambrian. Others like the Mollusca, Annelida, and many crustacean taxa have followed, accompanying major marine transgressions and regressions, shifting landmasses, orogenies, and glaciations. In adapting to these events a...
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The Lambayeque Valley on the north coast of Peru offers a cautionary case study on the relation between climatic and cultural change. Three archaeological site complexes dating from late in the first millennium AD to the middle of the second millennium AD rose and were abandoned in sequence. Each abandonment was associated with a conflagration on t...
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Abstract: Modernity has disembodied and dissociated psychological subjectivity. It has significantly affected the capacity of individuals and communities to engage proactively in their worlds. Racism is part of modernity’s system of social control and is embedded as part of a Colonial Matrix of Power (CMP) (Quijano, 2000). Epistemic (epistemologica...
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This study dwells on the challenge between realism and liberalism in the international relations (IR) field. Realism and liberalism have been in the fight since World War II (WWII) in IR studies. Realist scholars promote the idea that there is anarchy in the world order, whereas liberals support a hierarchic preset in international relations. Yet,...
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After the annexation of Crimea, late August 2014, Vladimir Putin threatened for the first time the rest of Ukraine by saying "... if I want to, I will take Kiev in two weeks"1 with obvious hint towards the lightning war. Russian leaders seemed to be obsessed with the concept of lightning war and a speedy conquest, of which role model is Nazi Blitzk...
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Punjab has been an important frontier of the processes of state formation in South Asia. Located in-between the states in Afghanistan and Gangetic plains of north India, the region was both enriched and bore the brunt from either side. It is significant to underline the complex relationship that contemporary Sikh historiography has with Afghans and...