Science topic

Conflict (Psychology) - Science topic

The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
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Publications related to Conflict (Psychology) (10,000)
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In relation to the Turkish-Armenian conflict, one of the most important issues on the agenda today is the question of abandoned Armenian property. Members of the Armenian Diaspora are claiming compensation from Turkey for those properties abandoned and/or confiscated to meet the requirements of the army during the WW1. Armenians argue that they hav...
Article
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(forthcoming) This article examines borderland violence in the eastern U.S.-Mexico borderlands during the U.S.-Mexico War. By analyzing and comparing military mobilization, local experiences of violence, and gendered national ideologies on each side, it explores how the conflict called the Mexican and U.S. nation-states into being, both in this re...
Article
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This study aims to test the role of transformational leadership in moderating the relationship between work conflict and employee performance at Railway Company. The sample in this survey is 150 employees of a railway company’s operations management center selected using a non-random sampling method. The data were collected through an online survey...
Article
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There appears to be a conflict between global bioethical principles and the local understanding and application of these principles, but this conflict has misleadingly been characterized through the east-west dichotomy. This dichotomy portrays bioethical principles as western and as alien to non-western cultures. In this paper, I present reasons to...
Article
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This article explores Jacques Rancière’s critique of political philosophy. I argue that, to understand this critique, it is necessary to explore the aesthetic dimension of philosophers’ politics, pointing out that, at its foundation, lies a certain understanding of time that, paradoxically, negates political practice. To get out of this paradox, I...
Article
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Purpose. Strong leadership can be success-critical in M&As. The purpose of this study is to present what HR practice can offer if such leadership is absent and puts the success of the merger or acquisition at risk. Design/methodology/approach. Drawing on a recent merger, this paper clarifies the interplay between trust, leadership, and conflict....
Book
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This book makes a relevant contribution to a Marxist critical explanation of social conflicts, social movements and protests. There is abundant literature on social conflict and social movements from Marxist perspectives. However, rigorous criticism, both theoretical and methodological, is scarce. The objective of this volume is the collection of w...
Article
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Traffic conflict techniques (TCTs) are one of the most frequently used proactive surrogate safety measures which can be used to estimate traffic safety even before the occurrence of a crash. This study explores the variation in rear-end conflict with respect to signal timing and distance from stop lines at signalized intersections with non-lane-bas...
Article
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The efficient use of natural resources is considered a necessary condition for their sustainable use. Extending the lifetime of products and using resources circularly are two popular strategies to increase the efficiency of resource use. Both strategies are usually assumed to contribute to the eco-efficiency of resource use independently. We argue...
Article
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A traditional stereotype of the entrepreneur is that of a lone hero. However, many entrepreneurs engage in new businesses as members of entrepreneurial teams. These teams usually perform better in terms of employment generation, innovation, and profits. Thus, a relevant question is why some individuals get involved in entrepreneurship through a tea...
Article
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Emotion recognition research in autism has provided conflicting results and has ignored the role of context. We examined if autistic adolescents use context to identify displayed and felt emotion. Twenty adolescents with autism and 20 age-matched neurotypical adolescents identified emotions from a standardised set of images. The groups also viewed...
Article
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Between 2005 and 2018, 41 countries had at least one riot directly associated with popular demand for fuel. We make use of a new international dataset on fuel riots to explore the effects of fuel prices and price regimes on fuel riots. In line with prior expectations, we find that large domestic fuel price shocks - often linked to international pri...
Article
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Existing research on path following strategies generally does not consider the interference effect of active anti‐roll (AAR) action. This seriously affects the driving safety under extreme obstacle avoidance and other conditions. Therefore, based on the non‐cooperative Stackelberg equilibrium theory, this research proposes a lateral trajectory trac...
Article
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Team start-ups have substantial advantages over solo start-ups, but teams often do not live up to their potential due to conflicts creating unfavorable team dynamics. Based on an experiment with 665 individuals in 133 randomly composed teams participating in a new-venture simulation, we found team members’ deep-level characteristics that trigger mo...
Article
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Habituated response tendency associated with affordance of an object is automatically inhibited if this affordance cue is extracted from a non-target object. This study presents two go/no-go experiments investigating whether this response control operates in response selection processes and whether it is linked to conflict-monitoring mechanisms. In...
Article
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Sequential modulations have been found in both conflict and spatial orienting tasks. The former is called congruency sequence effects (CSE) and the latter is called validity sequence effects (VSE). Although the two effects have similar phenomenon descriptions, the relationship of the cognitive control mechanisms under the two effects is still uncle...
Article
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Parental conflicts consistently predict negative outcomes for children. Research suggests that children from high-conflict divorces (HCD) may also experience post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), yet little is known about the association between parental conflicts in HCD families and child PTSS. We investigated this association, hypothesizing that...
Article
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As a flexible and powerful method to resolve strategy conflicts, the graph model for conflict resolution has drawn much attention. In the graph model for conflict resolution, decision-makers need to provide their preference information for all possible scenarios. Most existing studies assumed that decision-makers adopt quantitative representation f...
Chapter
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After gaining independence from France in 1954, Laos was immediately caught up in the Cold War. The neutral country included an internal conflict of socio-political factions, which was also intensified by the warring powers. What is overlooked in the literature is the diverging ideas on neutralism prompted by the leading neutralist groups led by So...
Conference Paper
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This note evaluates the performance of several adaptive second-order sliding mode (ASOSM) controllers in regulating the liquid level in a three-tank system. There are two conflicting merits: uniformity in the system performance at various operating points and chattering in the control signal. After best tuning of the methods, it is realized that th...
Book
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Technological innovation means changes in production methods, production processes, and tools used in this processes and growth at these methods, processes and tools. For developing or non- developed countries the context’s meaning is transfering the new technology from developed countries to their country. The cultural and social difference betwee...
Article
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In our everyday experience, life, environment, and nature are connected and we tend to confuse the value we assign to them. One way around this issue is to analyze our intuitions on the terraformation of other planets such as Mars. In this way, we are forced to consider whether the original abiotic nature has a value of some kind regardless of its...
Article
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The few reports on the language skills of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) offer conflicting evidence on whether they face significant challenges, and if so, whether these challenges are present in all aspects of language. Here, we investigated a sample of Greek-speaking children with ADHD ( n = 29) using a structural l...
Preprint
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Consent dialogues are a source of annoyance, malicious intent, dark patterns, illegal practices and a plethora of other issues. This work presents known problems based on GDPR requirements grouped into two categories: (i) UI/UX for consenting; and (ii) power imbalance in expressing consent. To resolve this, it presents two proposals: First, the use...
Article
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The study dealed with the main character's conflicts and defense mechanisms found in a novel "Tentang Kamu" written by Tere Liye. The objectives of this study were to find out the types of conflict of the main character and the defense mechanism that is reflected in solving the problem. The sources of the data were taken from the novel "Tentang Kam...
Article
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RESUMO: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as três camadas de violência (direta, estrutural e cultural) sob a ótica relativa às teorias e métodos galtungianos, bem como demonstrar como cada uma interfere, seja de modo latente ou dinâmico, no conflito civil em curso na República do Iêmen. Buscar-se-á delinear as correlações de cada conce...
Preprint
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In this comment, inconsistencies with several conflicting ground-based studies are pointed out with the Ouyang et al.(2022) urbanization assessment on global warming. Specifically, the authors use MODIS albedo and urban area products that have accuracy issues. Furthermore, it is likely that their methods are too simplistic and problematic which is...
Article
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Contemporary research has highlighted the steady rise of individuals becoming radicalised via exposure to extremist discussion on the internet, with the ease of communication with other users that the internet provides playing a major role in the radicalisation process of these individuals. The aim of the present systematic review was to explore re...
Article
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Collective memories of trauma can have profound impact on the affected individuals and communities. In the context of intergroup conflict, in the present article, we propose a novel theoretical framework to understand the long-term impact of historical trauma on contemporary intergroup relations from both victim and perpetrator perspectives. Integr...
Chapter
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Children are considered as persons who are not mature enough to make sound judgments or avoid risky behavior. they have only partially internalized the concepts of social responsibility and morality, and often engage in harmful activities that require protection from the state or adults. The chapter examines some child protection arrangements in Gh...
Preprint
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We investigate a data quality-aware dynamic client selection problem for multiple federated learning (FL) services in a wireless network, where each client has dynamic datasets for the simultaneous training of multiple FL services and each FL service demander has to pay for the clients with constrained monetary budgets. The problem is formalized as...
Article
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Regulatory focus theory (RFT; Higgins, 1997) can be useful in studying working adults’ goal-pursuing strategies for family and work success (e.g., marital adjustment and job satisfaction). We tested core hypotheses from RFT in a sample (N = 227) of married immigrants living and working in the United States. Confirmatory factor analyses supported th...
Conference Paper
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With a dramatic shift in the American workforce in the post-Covid-19 world, workers' emotions present very negatively, causing people to overtly display the dark aspects of their personality while at work. Additionally, organizations must use new technologies to fill the gaps in outcomes and changes in market demand. Sadly, an intense conflict exis...
Article
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In recent years, many warehouses applied mobile robots to move products from one location to another. We focus on a traditional warehouse where agents are humans, and they are engaged with tasks to navigate to the next destination one after the other. The possible destinations are determined at the beginning of the daily shift. Our real-world wareh...
Preprint
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Balancing multiple competing and conflicting objectives is an essential task for any artificial intelligence tasked with satisfying human values or preferences. Conflict arises both from misalignment between individuals with competing values, but also between conflicting value systems held by a single human. Starting with principle of loss-aversion...
Article
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The rapid development and extensive application of information and communication technologies has facilitated blended instruction, which is regarded as the “new normal” in the field of modern education and has become the focus of academic research. This study thus explored the influencing mechanism of blended instruction on students’ learning effec...
Article
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This paper aims to explain how and why utilizing Kolb’s learning styles in workgroups can enhance group cohesiveness and improve work performance. Moreover, numerous subjects regarding Kolb’s learning styles, accuracy and relevancy in traditional and virtual workgroup placements have been clarified by valuable sources and thoroughly analyzed. Addit...
Article
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Agency conflicts arise because managers' have superior information regarding the present and likely the future performance of firms relative to outside investors. In order to monitor the managers, investors need information from managers, who have access to management information. This study therefore examined the effects of disclosure and transpar...
Article
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Pro-environmental behaviors are rooted in values, and understanding the initial values among college students is pivotal in developing educational strategies to improve their pro-environmental behavior. However, most pro-environmental behavior studies fail to consider the social values and personal values as different dimensional or even conflictin...
Preprint
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Social networks play an important role in analyzing the impact of individual-level interactions on societal or economic outcomes. We model interactive decision making for a community of individuals with different traits, represented by a social network with trait-attributed nodes. We develop a deterministic process generating a sequence of choices...
Technical Report
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Este Working Paper fue escrito por el autor durante su Summer Fellowship on Internal Displacement (Beca de Verano sobre Desplazamiento Interno) en el Internal Displacement at the Internal Displacement Research Programme de la Refugee Law Initiative. La beca fue apoyada por el Arts and Humanities Research Council, en nombre del UKRI Global Challenge...
Article
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In an autoethnographic journey through two losses that occurred months apart, I explore my own sense of disbelief, pain, shock, and horror while accompanying each of my parents through their final months of illness that were anything but peaceful and calm. In a twin set of poems, the pieces problematize the pathologizing label of “complicated” grie...
Article
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This study investigated the most dominant conflict management style applied by woman school principal in one private high school in Palembang. The mixed-method research was applied, 18 teachers and one woman principal in this school were selected as the participants of this study. A 28-itemquestionnairewas distributed in order to measure the teache...
Poster
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It describe the ethical behavior around conducting and publishing research such as what constitutes authorship, research misconduct, declaring conflicts of interest, and identifying unconscious biases during peer review. Therefore, throughout this course there will be some interactive elements such as short videos from experts and knowledge checks,...
Article
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This article proposes a moderated mediation model of emotional dissonance. In the model, emotional leadership negatively affects emotional dissonance, which, in turn, negatively affects helping behavior. Furthermore, the negative effect of emotional dissonance is assumed to be moderated by work-family conflict. Direct effects from both emotional le...
Book
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This book deals with the socio-environmental and conflict impacts of extractive industries in the North East of Colombia
Article
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In this conceptual paper, we discuss the evolutionary root causes of institutional complexity, defined as inherently incompatible prescriptions when different sources of institutions intersect at the same space and time. We suggest that societies are not delineated by clear-cut boundaries, but dynamically evolve along multiple co-existing levels of...
Technical Report
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For many children who come into conflict with the law, their lives can include varying degrees of adversity, negative experiences, trauma and loss, often underscored by adverse socioeconomic circumstances. These factors can have substantial and sustained consequences for their development, behaviour and future outcomes. How these factors can in...
Article
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The paper examines the positive and negative roles youths play in engendering peace or accentuating conflict during the 2015 general election in Nigeria.
Article
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This article examines the challenges States face while trying to comply with the international transitional justice requirements in the face of international pressures and conflicting local interests. The article therefore applies a critical analysis to the theory of transitional justice compliance in the context of transitional justice adoption an...
Article
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This paper investigates the nature of internal boundary demarcation disputes using the Matatiele provincial boundary dispute. The paper also looks into community conflicts in the context of a broader theory of social conflict. The paper argues that internal boundary demarcation disputes are complex and unique from other disputes. The paper further...
Preprint
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This paper proposes a funnel control method under time-varying hard and soft output constraints. First, an online funnel planning scheme is designed that generates a constraint consistent funnel, which always respects hard (safety) constraints, and soft (performance) constraints are met only when they are not conflicting with the hard constraints....
Article
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A major population of youth is increasingly engaging in law violation activities which has become a matter of concern all over the world. The need of the hour calls for a rehabilitation programme designed to cater to the needs and deficits of conflict with law. Keeping this view in mind, a Skill Based Intervention Programme (SBIP) has been develope...
Preprint
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We study relaxations for linear programs with complementarity constraints, especially instances whose complementary pairs of variables are not independent. Our formulation is based on identifying vertex covers of the conflict graph of the instance and generalizes the extended reformulation-linearization technique of Nguyen, Richard, and Tawarmalani...
Preprint
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In view of the fascinating nature of the below tract, by Costa de Beauregard, and its importance in our understanding of the world, it has been thought proper to provide a translation into English. ..."coming into direct conflict with the idea, suggested by macroscopic experience, that a past event has become intangible." The ideas contained in t...
Preprint
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Clinical word embeddings are extensively used in various Bio-NLP problems as a state-of-the-art feature vector representation. Although they are quite successful at the semantic representation of words, due to the dataset - which potentially carries statistical and societal bias - on which they are trained, they might exhibit gender stereotypes. Th...
Article
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The challenges that normative redundancies and normative conflicts pose to legal theory have been traditionally addressed by either altering the rules that trigger them, or by including preference rules that deactivate them. As an alternative to these routes, this paper argues that the problems with both redundancies and conflicts only arise as a c...
Article
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In the framework of critical geographies of the environment, this paper discusses European environmental governance and reflects on its policies, practices and discourses. In this context, we analyze the Water Framework Directive (WFD) as a key, ground-breaking policy aimed at reconfiguring European water governance by foregrounding principles of s...
Conference Paper
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One of the most significant bilateral relations for Japan was with the Soviet Union in the Cold War, but unsolved problems created barriers for USSR-Japan relations, especially for internment of Japanese prisoners of war and civilians in Siberia, which refers to the Siberia issue. As an obstacle in USSR-Japan relations, the interpretation of its im...
Article
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Compersion refers to the positive feelings, such as joy, excitement and contentment, that one may experience in response to one’s partner’s other consensually non-monogamous (CNM) intimate relationship(s). In the study, we recruited 44 CNM participants who had experienced compersion to complete an open-ended online survey regarding the factors that...
Article
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This article examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) through the lens of political ontology. We contend that CSR is not only a discursive mean of legitimization but an inherently ontological practice through which particular worlds become real. CSR enables the politics of place-making, connecting humans and nonhumans in specific territorial...
Preprint
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Prediction models can exhibit sensitivity with respect to training data: small changes in the training data can produce models that assign conflicting predictions to individual data points during test time. In this work, we study this sensitivity in recommender systems, where users’ recommendations are drastically altered by minor perturbations in...
Article
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Decades of research demonstrate that practitioners and scholars may have only a vague notion of what project success is and thus settle for conflicting or inaccurate attributions of this still-elusive phenomenon. Stakeholder evaluations may differ as multiple groups and coalitions seldom hold the same viewpoint. A project that meets business expect...
Article
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This paper analyzes teleworkers’ technostress evolution over time, as well as its effects on these individuals’ work-related well-being over time. The proposed research model was tested using a survey-based longitudinal study with individuals that forcibly moved to teleworking in the context of a COVID-19 lockdown at two points in time (T0 and T1)....
Article
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Motivated both by recently introduced forms of list coloring and by earlier work on independent transversals subject to a local sparsity condition, we use the semi-random method to prove the following result. For any function satisfying as , there is a function satisfying as such that the following holds. For any graph H and any partition of its ve...
Article
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Abstract August 1, 2022, This study aimed to study the effect of work-family conflict (WFC) and Family-work Conflict (FWC) on turnover intentions and whether this relationship is mediated by well-being. To this end it was hypothesized that: (1) WFC and FWC have a positive and significant effect on organizational turnover intentions; (2) WFC and FWC...