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Conflict - Science topic

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Indeed, I read conflicting information and I am asking the question to eliminate confusion.
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Dear Rob Keller, thank you for these elucidatory links - they have proved informative
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Most of us understand that our work commitments lead to some personal life imbalances but what how does HRM policies affect these imbalances.
Fill out this form for us to research the effect of HRM policies on Work-Family conflict and further find out ways to reduce this conflict through solutions based on empirical evidence
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Good questionnaire. Good Luck
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Galileo, Newton, Einstein vs (dialectically corresponding) Kepler, Leibniz, Hegel: Which group was on the right side of science, but got the wrong side of history?
After Copernicus abolished medieval Geocentric cosmology; is modern cosmology of Newton and Einstein anything other than a Geocentric one?
What is at the root of the crisis in modern theoretical physics and cosmology?
Was Hegel justified when he said, “Newton gave physics an express warning to beware of metaphysics, it is true; but to his own honour, be it said, he did not obey his own warning”.
[As would be shown below, Newtonian metaphysics, assuming the same perfect circular orbits of planets like Galileo and Ptolemy; in essence brought back Geocentric cosmology with his law of universal gravitational attraction and Einstein just perfected this wrong notion with his general relativity (GR) - the epitome of all metaphysics!]
Galileo vs, Kepler:
After the Copernican revolution that overthrew the medieval cosmology of Ptolemaic Epicycles; Kepler’s laws of the planetary system involving elliptical orbits and based on the tedious empirical observation of Tycho Brahe; could be the only scientific basis for any cosmology. But it was not to be!
Galileo, is recognized as the father of modern cosmology and his inverse square law of “Free Fall” is universally valid on or near the surface of a cosmic body like earth. Galileo was persecuted by the Inquisition for his stance against Geocentric cosmology under feudal rule in Europe. But even Galileo rejected Kepler’s elliptical orbits in favour of ideal circular orbits of the planets; because there could be no imperfection in God creation. Please see the following references and the criticism of Galileo’s stance of perfect circular orbits, even by some modern-day clerics! Contrary to popular belief, the wrong turn in cosmology ironically originated with our hero, Galileo!
"An Astronomer's Astronomer: Kepler's Revolutionary Achievements in 1609 Rival Galileo's“
“Galileo and Kepler”
Dave Armstrong:
Newton vs, Leibniz:
The long dispute of Newton’s law of “universal gravitational attraction” (Free Fall of Galileo), circular orbits of the planetary system as opposed to Leibniz’s ‘vis viva’, centrifugal force and the support of Kepler’s elliptical orbits; as well as the dispute over the authorship of infinitesimal calculus is well known. The following publication (refused to be recognized by official physics), shows what a profound implication ensued after the rejection of Kepler’s elliptical orbits by Galileo and Newton. Newton extended Galileo’s inverse square law of “Free Fall” valid only on or near the surface of earth; totally disregarded Kepler’s first and second law, assumed a perfect circle like Ptolemy and Galileo as the orbit of the planets and used his theory of unidirectional universal gravitational attraction observed on earth, using a perfectly fitting centrifugal force, perfectly balancing the gravitational pull inwards such that there is zero outward force producing a perfect equilibrium. Newton simply put the proportionality constant (4 pi^2/GM) in Kepler’s third law to get his formula P^2 = (4 pi^2/GM) a^3, where G is the gravitational constant and M is the mass of the sun. Newton imposed his wrong and one-sided formulation of plenary gravitation with the help of the British imperial power, Royal Society and the Church and against the vehement opposition from Leibniz. The rest is history, leading up to the present time! All the Fairy Tales and the Cosmic Monsters arise from Newton’s unidirectional and universal gravitational attraction” without any countering force! If Leibniz’s vis viva equation (7) and specially the potential PE as shown in equation (10) in the following publication, prevailed; cosmology could have avoided the Fairy Tales of the Big/Dark/Black Cosmic Monsters and the crises and bankruptcy it now faces!
"KEPLER -NEWTON -LEIBNIZ -HEGEL Portentous and Conflicting Legacies in Theoretical Physics, Cosmology and in Ruling Ideas" :
Einstein vs. Hegel:
Recognition of the quantum phenomena and the break down of causality (the backbone of theology and class rule) at the turn of the 20th century brought a crisis in Newtonian theoretical physics and cosmology that ruled for few centuries. In efforts to deny the “spooky quanta”, Einstein made a radical change of the Newtonian concept of space and time, with his theories of relativity. Space and time for Einstein became a unified single entity of four dimensional “spacetime” – an abstract geometrical construct, purportedly with tangible and sensuous mechanical, material and metrical attributes. But long before the recognition of the quantum phenomena, Hegel in his philosophy of space and time; already anticipated the quantum phenomena and antimatter (a revolutionary new form of matter) that could not even be dreamt of, before its discovery!
"The Mystery of the Lorentz Transform: A Reconstruction and Its Implications for Einstein's Theories of Relativity and cosmology"
"The Philosophy of Space-Time: Whence Cometh "Matter" and "Motion"?"
Newton and Einstein:
The Status of modern Theoretical Physics and Cosmology:
"Quō Vādis Theoretical Physics and Cosmology? From Newton's Metaphysics to Einstein's Theology!:
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Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy; it is dedicated to the invisible forces of the universe. Physics is a branch of science, dedicated to the motion of objects (subjects) in observable space.
The root of crisis in physics is that it is no more is based on experiments, but on ersatz-philosophy.
Am strongly in support of Copernicus.
To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.” ― Nicolaus Copernicus
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Hello. As part of my PhD I am doing a systematic literature review on goal conflict, within the systematic review I am including grey literature including unpublished papers, conference proceedings and any other items that contribute to the conceptualisation of goal conflict.
My focus is current intra-individual goal conflict, however would also be interested to receive any unpublished literature on inter-person and organisation goal conflict should the scope of my PhD change. Is there any unpublished goal conflict literature that anyone could please send? Many thanks, Ellie Lucas
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Concurred, prof.
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"For the first time ever, US scientists at the National Ignition Facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California successfully produced a nuclear fusion reaction resulting in a net energy gain, a source familiar with the project confirmed to CNN.
The US Department of Energy is expected to officially announce the breakthrough Tuesday."
We all know what All Mankind have been through for the last decades, of which the climate change, energy crisis, etc. have always been pains in the neck. They directly or indirectly caused the shortage, inflation, supply-chain disruptions, regional/global economic crisis, or even escalated conflicts. Now, here comes a promising solution! (I personally suppose such an incredible scientific breakthrough deserves multiple Nobel Prizes!)
Assuming this major scientific breakthrough is solid and safe. Here come more interesting questions that are perhaps worth our attention and discussion:
1. How long would it take for this scientific breakthrough to be transferred to engineering deployment and energy usage in our daily life? < 10 years, 10-30 years, 30 - 50 years, or > 50 years?
2. What could you think of the pros/cons of this breakthrough (e.g., would it help mitigate the climate change, poverty issues, and regional/global conflicts over energy and resources? ), and what should be first done before the deployment? Legislation, international treaties, environmental protection, and/or etc.?
3. How do you think this breakthrough will accelerate all mankind to the Type-I Civilization (according to Kardashev Scale) and become a Spaceborne Civilization/Species?
4. What would be your thoughts/ideas/advice/suggestions/opinions on this breakthrough and how it can better serve all mankind?
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The previous comments well summarize some of the reasons the breakthrough doesn't indicate something that can address the climate problem. I listened Monday to Miles O'Brien, PBS's science expert, on the PBS News Hour discussing the fusion announcement. He ended a good description by saying an old physics joke was the statement:
"The actual practical use of Fusion Energy will take 20 years, and it always will !"
Unfortunately, I believe this is correct. When I came to Los Alamos in 1969 there was a magnetic confinement division called SYLLAC. There is now a related effort using a Tokamak machine in Europe, ITER, which is now about to go on line.
Several decades ago there was a LASER FUSION effort at LanL, smaller than NIF but a similar approach. The group leader of the group studying the theory involved was my best friend. This group was in one of my group's buildings. He told me they felt they had proved that the laser on a D-T pellet would not work in a practical energy production.
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I would like to know what are the differences between phylogenetic conflicts in the trees and also the meaning of lack of resolution (solved and unsolved trees) and the presence of conflicts. Can you tell me how we can evaluate the resolution and conflict of a phylogenetic analysis?
Thank you for your responses.
Best,
Houtan
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Conflict is a contradiction of individual or collective ideological, intellectual, realistic and economic wills. If there are common denominators in a specific field, then it is possible to approach a solution to this conflict by employing diplomatic maneuvers, economic pressures, security alliances, etc. Otherwise, the available solution remains deterrence or war.
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This question came back to us at each stage of the data collection in the field, within the framework of the SecTenSusPeace project: SECURING TENURE, SUSTAINABLE PEACE? The challenges of localizing land-registration in conflict-affected Burundi and eastern DR Congo. SecTenSusPeace is one of twelve transnational research projects that tackle a wide range of complex challenges on transformations to sustainability and that integrate knowledge and capabilities from around the world, funded by the Transformations to Sustainability (T2S) research programme.
Indeed, in conflict-affected settings, land tenure security of smallholders is seen as essential to prevent local land disputes and sustain peace, enable recovery of rural livelihoods, and advance ecologically and socially sustainable agricultural production. To enhance tenure security –which is often severely compromised during conflict– interveners tend to turn to land registration and other forms of formally acknowledging claims to land. However, conventional state-led approaches relying on centrally-organised, individual titling often fail to deal with very complex local land struggles. Yet, the alternative of recognizing customary land governance is also problematic. Contrary to expectations, customary arrangements may also fail to find locally embedded, acceptable solutions.
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Dear Patient M. Polepole,
Yes, this is an important question. Socio-economic, systemic, normative stabilisation taking place under conditions of high standards of democratisation, gender equality, respect for human, ethical, property rights, tolerance and respect is the basis for effective implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and effective implementation of the plan for pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Hello. I'm currently in the process of conducting a systematic literature review of 'goal conflict'. Obviously, I'm looking at goal conflict research and known relations e.g., paradox, multiple goals, dual identities etc.
However, I need to uncover papers that may be relevant for goal conflict but may not necessarily be called or reference 'goal conflict' (e.g., paradox, dual identities). Does anyone have any suggested direction? I'm interested in org psych, management, marketing, social psych, sociology and any other fields where I may be able to further develop the conceptualisation of goal conflict.
Many thanks,
Ellie Lucas
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You can extract something from this model:
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The politics, at the 22C, in developing countries mainly in Africa suffering from inflicted wounds arising from Ethnic’s and religious conflicts? Why leaders have never understand and attempt improve the situation? Do you think the direct and indirect interventions of of the developing countries will be responsible while abscence of good governance is lackin on the ground? What is the roles of so called aid organizations and NGOs?
Thank you.
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I do apologise all the discussions forwarded from all the participants. I have learned a lot and still expecting more specially on the roles of others such as developed nations, NGO's and Aid organisations. Moreover, any proposed solution as take away that may help for further research for Africa.
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I have 12 variables (9 categorical and 3 continuous) entered into a multinomial logistic regression with a backwards stepwise deletion approach. 3 variables excluded from the model as indicated in my step summary for non-significance. The final multinomial logistic regression model fitness was significant, X2(20) = 210.541, p < .001, which suggests the independent variables included significantly predict my outcome. However, my output shows conflicting information after that and I am finding the interpretation challenging.
1. Goodness of fit shows significant Pearson (p = .002) and deviance = 1.000.
2. Remaining 8 variables all significant at p < .05 in the likelihood ratio test BUT in the parameter estimates some of the independent variables are not showing up as significant in either model.
What does this conflicting output indicate?
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In primis: is your sample big enough?
In secundis: to verify the adaptability of a continuous curve to the observed data, it is good to calculate R square.
Finally, it is good to carry out the decomposition of the deviance (variance) to verify the variability within and between the groups you selected in the sample.
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The conflict of different country due to military force and war.
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Dr.Uttam Khanal My suggestion would be to follow the Open World project which is aimed at world peace and nuclear disarmament.
link
An important part of open world is the enhancement of the global economic system which creates strong incentives against the military invasion of another country.
link
Richard
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In a research team comprising a mix of senior experts and young enthusiasts(members) if it is about creativity, who will contribute more as far as creativity is concerned. and Why ?
for e.g.
Runco in his research paper titled "Conflict and creativity" said that experienced and expert seniors may be more defensive to their own work and may not contribute new solutions ,.
(19) Conflict and Creativity | Request PDF (researchgate.net)
what are your views? please do contribute.
senior researchers naturally gravitate to what has worked in the past, using tried and true methods. However, whenever a group is working together on any project they will go through the steps of team formation: forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. It is of critical importance that ground rules are agreed upon and used through the process to allow younger and/or researchers with a more creative approach to have their ideas also validated. This suggests diversity of thought. It has been proven time and time again, that the more diversity among a team, the better the results. This can also contribute to the building of long term successful relationships that again, will continue to encourage creativity and unique solutions.
Best
Sandeep
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Thanks for the article.
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Hello everyone I'm new in this plateform I'm looking to do my master thesis about impact of the war on economic growth ( impact in short and long term ). My time serie data will be 1960-2020 and population will be most countries of the world.
I chose as independent variable real gdp per capita and dependant variable inflation, trade and military expenditure (I'm searching other dependant variables).
and for conflicts I will divide my data by high intensity and low intensidty of the war. And also by geography to catch spillover of neighbors because impact of the conflicts in few regions can be different than impact of the conflict in all country. ( I found some problems to divide my data geographically )
I choose this subject because of last conflict of ukraine and russia and it's impact on the world by high inflation and high prices and this may harm gdp growth.
If some one can help me to improve my model I will be so grathful and thankful.
Thank you for reading :)
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Revered Dr.Nab EI,
The war has an economic, social and environmental impact of reducing or increasing the situations in the particular country.
On the one hand, war can increase GDP per capita by reducing unemployment and by shifting people from family formation and entered into businesses.
These are common side effects of the war as follows:
* Lost GDP Unless war takes place in another country
* Decline in working population
* Innovation/new technologies
* Psychological costs
* Damage to buildings/infrastructure
* Rise in national debt/higher taxes in future
* Opportunity cost Eg. decline in health care
* Inflation
* Creates employment
Moreover, the economic costs, psychological costs and opportunity cost are affecting the government and the people directly or indirectly.
Economic Costs
The Government will spend the money for purchasing weapons, bombs, military vehicles etc could reduce the GDP to some extent.
Psychological Costs
These are the expenditures due to the impact if the war in the country that is death, medical expenditures for the affected soldiers, depression, declined the health issues in the family members.
Opportunity Costs
Money spends for purchasing costly medicines for recovery, repair the damaged ones, and buying high price of the foods due to inflation etc.
There are positive impacts are also there like increasing the female employment, internal mobility, business hike in terms of the prices in the markets etc.
Negative impacts are the inflation, increasing the expenditures, becoming poor status, decline the health issues etc.
Regards
Senapathy
Ethiopia
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I am trying to compare the mean scores ( number of questions right/out of a 6 question test ) between two groups in my data, those with training versus those without training. I am conflicted if this is the most appropriate study, or if the scores are actually an ordinal variable that needs a different test to make a comparison? Thank you
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Alternatively, you could estimate a model that takes the proportion correct as the dependent variable. Using Stata, for example, the -fracreg- command could be used. Or using SPSS, I might use GENLIN with the {events-var OF n} option for specifying the outcome, and a binomial error distribution with logit link function. I'm sure the other major stats packages have similar commands.
What software are you using? Can you provide a 2 (group) x 7 (#correct) table for us?
HTH.
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Usually, in scientific publication cycle, Authors are required to declare any potential conflict of interests as part of the paper submission guidelines. For some Journals, Authors are required to sign a consent form under data protection. However, Reviewers/Editors do not declare conflict of interests to the Authors during the review process. It is important to note that some Revievers are also Researchers cum Experts in the field and could have interest in the manuscript under review. For instance, if Reviewers have any intentions to publish papers on topics similar to those addressed in the manuscripts before them then a potential conflict of interest situation arises which could influence their final decisions on the manuscript.
In the spirit of fairness and transparency,
Should Reviewers/Editors declare any potential conflict of interests?
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I can" t pretend to have experience in publishing research papers. I belive it would not be a bad idea for the reviewers to give a declaration of interests. In many situations, publications find it difficult to find reviewers, and this condition would make the process difficult. Of course, the reviewer who evaluates your article works in your field, but I find it hard to believe that he has an interest in hindering you.
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What are the immediate measures to metigate the Human -leopard conflict in semi livestock rearing community.
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The HWC is a complex issue, and I don't think there is a good "immediate measure" to mitigate it for the human leopard conflict. However, Portfolio diversification and insurance mechanism are the two main mitigation measures practiced worldwide.
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I find "unknown" sites with conflicting information. Which site would be the gold reference?
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Len Leonid Mizrah thank you very much for such information. Have a great day ahead
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I am invited to review a scientific paper. In the manuscript one of the reference cites my own published research. Is this a conflict of interest?
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Dear Jay:
I do not think so. Because the authors do not know who will be the reviewer of their manuscript. Moreover, if your article is relevantly cited, you can review the manuscript without any concern.
However, if you have the same affiliation as the authors or know the authors, there is high chance of conflict of interest and you should report it to the editor-in-chief.
Hope to be helpful
Regards
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The generational conflict in scientific research is one of the most important obstacles to the launch of scientific research, especially in developing countries. Is it real or myth?
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I would like to suggest reading the paper entitled "A Study of Generational Conflicts in the Workplace" in
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• What are the determining factors of social, economic and political transformations, which determine Peace or Conflicts, in the era of Globalization
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I would say disponibility of energy sources and of food.
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ID Title Review Status
### xxx Conflict Submitted
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Debobroto Das Robin Robin, I couldn't find any answer for the same. I guess it is common to see this during the review process and is some internal terminology used on hotcrp.
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A common axiom says everything has both advantages and disadvantages. This question seeks to x-ray the disadvantages of conflict on the quality of scientific researches both in areas mostly and remotely affected
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@Stephen David Edwards, its true conflicts can affect the quality of research by disrupting collaboration among researchers
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In observing the consequences of work from anywhere/telework and its consequences on life (burnout, personal relationships, life-work conflict) and work (productivity, job stress, job satisfaction), I came across different theoretical frameworks. Some of them are person-environment fit, conflict theories (work-life conflict), spill-over theories, etc. If you do similar research, which theoretical framework do you start with?
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Hi Mirna,
I hope this email finds you well.
Regarding your question, I suggest you trying to start with a PESTL theoretical framework (PESTL is an acronym that refers to Political, Economical, Social, Technological and Legal implications).
With best wishes,
Laura Caballero
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Hello friends I hope you all are doing well,
Dear Seniors, I am a PhD aspirant in Civil Wars Studies and new to this area.
I request experienced scholars in the field to please suggest me some good books/articles readings for understanding the basics in the area.
Any suggestion about good articles/books on the Research Methods in Civil Wars studies would also be welcomed.
Thanks
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Good question, and good answer by Stuart B Jennings
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Hi all, I'm looking for a validated scale that I could use to measure an individual's endorsement of revolutionary change, i.e. dismantling institutions and/or society via activism or conflict, to then rebuild. Preferably politically neutral.
Many thanks,
Drew
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The size of the middle class, unemployment rates, fragmentation in the elements of governance, and marginalization at the global level can be used as indicators to measure revolutionary change in societies .
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Coping strategy index was developed by East and central Africa regional unit of the world food programme as an indicator of household food security.
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I do agree Professor Dr.Patrick Webb's statement that it will be a useful tool to identify the gaps existing in the Food Insecurity regions or areas.
I had reviewed the manuscript from Nigeria, Kebbi region that the author has applied Food Insecurity Index but not Coping strategies Index.
It is possible to measure with suitable indicators that coping strategies index can be measured on the area or the region.
Though it is qualitative measurement that needs to be tested with potential indicators that will help to identify the problems in Food Insecurity situation.
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I know it looks difficult but I'll explain the best I can.
I have a dataset in SPSS in which each row corresponds a conflict.
There are 2.506 conflicts in the 5 regions explored. This regions are in one numeric variable.
Europe: 154
Middle east: 357
Asia: 1.007
Africa: 793
America: 195
However there are regions that have more and less countries...
I want to know if there is a correlation between the number of conflicts and a region's size.
I also know how many countries there are in each.
I'd prefer to have scatter/dot graph as an output.
Do I add variables, insert new data...? Can someone give me a hand on this?
Thanks
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Define the size of the region by geography and population, and then, take count of reported conflicts in each of them. By so doing, you have conveniently carried out your St task.
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Dear all,
I am running several bivariate linear regressions to measure the impact of biases on controlling processes. These are all significant. I would like to measure which cognitive bias has the greatest impact on controlling processes. Can I compare the beta weights of different bivariate regression models to find the bias with the biggest impact? My dependent variable always remains the same.
I have searched for hours for information but unfortunately found conflicting information.
Thanks in advance!
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Alexander -
The problem is that predictors actually influence one another, not just through collinearity, but because of other considerations such as suppressor variables, etc., and when you look at a bivariate regression, the predictor is missing the influence of the other predictors. There will, however, often be an intercept term, which will vary by predictor, and be of varying importance. If y will be zero when x is zero, you will have a ratio estimator, where only b for the one predictor determines predicted-y. Otherwise the intercept will be whatever is needed so that you will have the estimated residuals sum to zero for your sample (so you have model-unbiasedness). But this is just an estimate from your sample. If you use more than one predictor, the influences among them change according to which predictors are used together, and the intercept changes. The best set of predictors used in the best way will determine the model for predicted-yi so that it approaches a perfect size measure, and heteroscedasticity will be expected. See
So looking to see how one variable does at a time is not only subject to the varying importance of each intercept, but also not very practical when it comes to that predictors part in the ideal regression, if that ideal regression is multiple regression. If one predictor alone does better than any other model, then that would mean it does perform better than the others but a direct comparison would be possible only if these were all ratio estimators, i.e., with no intercept term, so the intercept is set to zero in each case. (Cochran, Sampling Techniques, 1st ed, 1953, pages 205-206 suggests that for surveys, the best size measure, x, for y in such a case for a sample survey might be the same data item in a previous, recent census.)
There may be a temptation to use every variable you can find in a regression, and although that might help you tailor the best fit model to your sample, such model would likely be overfit to your sample at the expense of general applicability. However, looking at one predictor at a time may not get you very far either. It might be useful to graph such relations to see if there are curvilinear indications. (But note that a quadratic linear regression, for example, is still a linear regression, though you might want a nonlinear form.)
So when you ask if you can compare "...beta weights of different regression models...," the short answer is no, not directly, though you might obtain a general idea of their usefulness.
Cheers - Jim
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Any articles or journals on the topic
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Happy to help with our article from 2014:
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Hello, I am looking for data sources related to Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict. Does anyone know some source of evolution of military expenditures (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Russia)?
Thank you.
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I can send you a bit of information I presented in a national conference not too long ago. I hope it may probve of interest.
Dr. James P. Welch
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How many studies funded by private companies sponsoring some equipment or technology show negative results. Is there an hidden bias or conflict of interest present?
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Having conflict of interest does not mean that the results are not biased or reliable. An example of conflict of interest is pharmaceutical industry running clinical trials for testing vaccine efficacy and no one can say the results of these clinical trials are not acceptable. Without funding clinical research cannot take place and taking funding from pharmaceutical companies may have conflict of interest.
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As we know that mental health remains undebated and unattended due to social stigma associated. The pattern of trauma in conflict zones is worrying due to rise in anxiety, PTSD, and suicides from past few years. Understanding and adapting mental Machine learning can open new ways for early diagnosis of mental health.
What are your views regarding the same. Can ML BE beneficial in psychiatry?
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The mental health problem affecting children in conflict zones is massive, yet governments lack the resources to address it.
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Hi everyone,
Does anyone know how to use the Conflict Tactics Scale short form (CTS2S; Straus & Douglas, 2004)? I am working on my master thesis and I am looking at Gender Role Ideologies as a significant predictor for Domestic Violence. Unfortunately, I am having troubles understanding how to use the CTS2S. I don’t know how to classify my participants from perpetrators or victims of domestic abuse. I have red several articles and these suggest to use the “prevalence” method of scoring, however, I don’t understand how to group these variables and get a final score on them.
I will greatly appreciate your help!
Thank you in advance for your time!
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Very nice! I am glad:)
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can situation of conflict or rivalry
actually promote human development by enlarging available competitive market and democratic elections?
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Healthy situation can promote human developmen. If the both rival have the same mind to overcome themselves.
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What would be the possible topics for Phd research on Peace Conflict and Development ?
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I assume that you mean peace, conflict and development.
Well, if that's the case, selection of a phd topic largely depends on various factors that include the trend of research particularly in the area you look to write on. This requires that you spend sometime looking into the extant literature.
You may also need to be more specific on the level of analysis you'd like to conduct your research on. For instance, individual, group, state or international level.
I'll suggest that you start by collecting some recent studies similar to what you have in mind. Doing so will give you some ideas that you can build on.
Perhaps these references might help you:
1. The Psychology Research Handbook: A Guide for Graduate Students and Research ...By Frederick T. L. Leong
2. Luse, Andy; Mennecke, Brian E.; and Townsend, Anthony M., "Selecting a Research Topic: A Framework for Doctoral Students" (2012). Supply Chain Management Publications. 3.
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I am working on the process of institutional legitimacy and authority erosion in conflict situation.
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I suggest Critical Theory with a PESTLE framework. Let the reader decide wether it is legitimate or not. As a researcher we should be neutral in every perspective.
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The project seek to explore the effects of the land use conflict on institutional authority and legitimacy in conflict management and resolution and its implication on state building.
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Conflict analysis - Saferworld
l to measure the interaction of the interventions and the ... beneficiaries, a good understanding of conflict actors and ... management, their legitimacy, the likelihood of their ... eg civil society, informal approaches to conflict resolution, traditional authorities, political institutions (eg head of state, ... and quantitative elements
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Dears,
I am performing a heat transfer model where there are 3 different material in contact. I have 2 quetions:
-how can I set an initial temperature for each part?
-how can I solve this error: Error in job Job-1: 5404 *TIE dependent nodes have specified boundary conditions. Their associated *TIE independent nodes have, however, conflicting boundary conditions. Please resolve these conflicting boundary conditions. The *TIE dependent and independent nodes have been identified in node set WarnNodeOverconBoundTieInc.???
Thanks to all
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This is a very interesting question
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Hello,
For a while, I have been conflicted on what could be the 'right' way to analyse my data. I am doing calcium imaging in individual cells using fluorescence microscopy. A stimulus is added, after which the fluorescence signal gets brighter. Ultimately, I quantify the area under the curve (AUC) of this response.
-I want to compare the AUC of two genotype: WT vs. KO.
-Cells are seeded in a container (well). In one such a well, I measure 120 cells simultaneously.
-I have measured 6 wells for each genotype.
To test whether the mean AUC between genotypes differs, I have considered pooling the AUC's of all 120 cells within a well as one mean, since one could argue one well is one biological replicate, and the individual cells are merely technical replicates. Subsequently I could do a T-test with only n=6.
However, I cannot shake this gut feeling that this is wrong, since we lose a tremendous amount of information this way. The whole single-cell aspect is lost. To retain the single-cell aspect of these measurements, I have considered fitting a mixed model "AUC ~ Genotype + (1|well)" with well measured as a random factor and perform an Anova using this model.
Is one of these two ways the "correct" way to go about this. Or am I missing a whole different aspect?
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This is a very interesting question
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The Smart-Grid Revolution Starts in Boulder, Colorado, who were the stakeholders of this project and what conflict could arise with the stakeholders?
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The Smart-Grid Revolution Starts in Boulder, Colorado Question 1: Are the triple ... A conflict that could occur would be whether the smart grid will take away ... major portion of this project had to do with carefully managing all the stakeholders.
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It is reported that the world population will be exceeding 9 billion by 2050 and the food supply need to double (https://www.nationalgeographic.com/foodfeatures/feeding-9-billion/) by then to be able to continue feeding humanity. It seems that countries, world leaders and scientists are no more talking about population control to partly reduce the pressure and balance the demand and supply gaps. Why is this the case? Shouldn't we keep the population control agendum on the Table of global development endeavor to even contribute to climate change and ecological sustainability? Is population pressure not contributing to the global stresses and conflicts here and there?
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The term "Population control" implies that there is control over people, similarly to livestock, and it is not a popular term to use in that sense. The world isn't overpopulated in the sense of resource scarcity; there are enough resources to provide food and shelter for everyone; however due to global socioeconomic differences and uneven development and stratification resources aren't evenly distributed. This can be overcome and will with gradual economic development over time. Ailments such as hunger could be solved with introducing genetically modified organisms, such as more nutritious and easier to grow rice or other crops. Many potential solutions are linked to political debates, rather than being academic.
If one were to examine it through the lens of evolutionary science, organisms end up being a certain number, not dissimilarly to the supply/demand classical economic theory where there eventually be an equilibrium(i.e. mass extinction of populations caused by environmental factors such as climate or disease, wars over resources, etc, similarly to thousands of other species of plant and animals on Earth)
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Working on quantitative dissertation study that involves individual creativity in the workplace, but finding conflicting validity regarding creative workplace scales. Is there an instrument that measures individual creativity in the workplace with proven validity and reliability? I was working off of Amabile's componential model of creativity. Any help appreciated!
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Thank you so much--appreciate it!
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I plan to do research on customary land conflicts among several tribes in coastal area. Some of my colleagues suggest Etnographic research as it relates to history, symbols and cultural life. However, I have more experience in doing grounded theory research, and the etnographic thing is something new for me. I would like to know if anyone ever try to use grounded method to study such customary land conflicts
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I haven't studied customary land conflicts myself either, but I would agree with David's comment that these two can be rightfully combined, or rather be nested within one another. I'd also add that this really depends (or it should) on your research question.
1. If you are trying to investigate and understand the process, as in how conflicts arise between the given tribes, then grounded theory methodology would be more suitable, and you can use ethnographic methods (interviews, observations etc.) solely to collect data. But then again, this would need a proper justification since there is already numerious explanations of how inter-group, inter-ethnic conflicts emerge.
2. If you are concerned with the conflict ethos in those cultures, and are trying to provide "thick description" (Geertz) of meanings, symbols, cultural constructs, and how local people make sense of those, then ethnographic approach would suit this best. And GT here can specifically be useful in the phase of analysis, in terms of how you code and analize your data.
Hope this helps.
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After African states obtained their independence, the artificial and poorly demarcated borders of many countries were considered the most potent source of conflict and political instability. This resulted in heated debates on whether to revise or maintain the colonial borders, hence the research question seeks to explore the effectiveness of the African Union in resolving ethnic border conflicts and how it can be an effective tool towards resolving the aforementioned conflicts. Furthermore, what can be improved as well as new measures which can be implemented to curb these conflicts?
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About constant occurrences of violent conflicts fueled by ethnic and religious differences in the postcolonial period can it is said that nation-building has not been fully achieved in some countries and that it still is a necessary initiative. For nation-building to be relevant, it should generate African unity while enabling diverse communities to thrive. The nation-building and peace-building processes are contingent, a lengthy, historical process whose success is not in advance insured.
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When do you think should authors declare a conflict of interest in a paper? Share your opinion!
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As a reviewer, it is essential to do this at the offer / invitation to review stage. It is unfair in the process for everyone not to identify anything which might have an effect on your impartiality. Similarly, when writing / publishing work, all influences that might have affected your writing or the presentation of the results should be highlighted. If this is not disclosed, yet is later discovered, the negative effects for the author and their academic credibility are likely to be profound.
A great question to ask.
Very best wishes, James.
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I am interested in the Southern Gas Corridor project and would highly appreciate any new researches, especially those mentioning the possible influence of the recent Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Thank you in advance!
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Are there any examples of positive mutual relationships between religion and technology? That is a relationship that shows a type of compatibility in them? Or maybe we need to go insofar as saying that technology and religion conflict? Or at least there is a point where they might become incompatible one with the other?
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With technologies, practicing religion/saying prayers are too easy as is available in the online platforms.
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I'm working in the broad field of political ecology and I'm currently co-authoring an article about the social-ecological consequences of the digital economy (material anchor, territorialities, conflicts). I'm therefore looking for literature about the digital economy I might have missed so far. I'm pleased about all suggestions. Many thanks in advance!
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Felix Malte Dorn NFCC & HMPP
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Iwonder if you faced to conflict during your work-time, take into account the specific covid-conditions, in which people should communicate now
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Knowledge management can be a key to discover
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What should one do if he obtains conflicting results between Content Validity Index (CVI) and CVR for items in a quetionnare. For example based on the CVI obtained the items are acceptable but the CVR obtained are low meaning one may have to reject the items going by the CVR?
Thank you
Isah Ya'u
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Would you mind giving me some conflict situations at work? And ways of solving them (or no-solving)
In which stage the conflict nowadays?
grateful for your praticipating in this item.
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In the organizational environment, culture, personal values, interests, ethics and the individual vision of each person about the business and the world are constant sources of conflict in organizations. The greater the divergence between people in this regard in relation to those of the organization, the greater the conflict.
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I have come across a submission changing from "under review" to "reviewer invited", which sometimes implies that a reviewer objected to further reviewing a manuscript or one of the reviewers' reports is conflicting and therefore the editor needs a tiebreaker. However, I just came across a submission with "editor assigned" now changed to "new submission" more than three months in the editorial process. What does this imply?
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I think, sometimes, some editors do not want to go ahead with the review process, so they do not take any action. Therefore, the editor-in-chief decides to send the article to another editor. In which case, the journals treat the article as a new submission.
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The Tigris - Euphrates water conflict is frozen conflict between three riparians (Iraq, Syria and Turkey). The conflict came up because of upstream water projects by Turkey and therefore the restriction of water access to individuals of downstream failed states (Iraq and Syria). There are two principles are conflicting: Territorial sovereignty of Turkey and human right to water of individuals (This is issue of global justice and not international justice due to failed states). My question is: whom belongs water and how property (connected with territory) theory of Locke  can be connected to the sovereignty principle of Turkey?
Thank you beforehand
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My consideration of the question is why would an esoteric philosophical perspective from Locke alter the literally thousands of years of praxis basically based on Roman Water Law ( http://www.fao.org/3/y5692e/y5692e00.htm#Contents ), probably the oldest codification of multi-faceted tensions between common pool resources and private uses. Any 'sovereignty' claim which disregards these well established perspectives might have some temporary benefit but essentially establishes a ticking time bomb for all future transnational relationships, if not laying the track into direct military confrontation.
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Conflict resolution at socio-economic disparities?
Two-way honest approach driving through varying characterized bi-parental upbringing, that further leads societal interactions into one to one, one to many and many to one results in evolving massing conflicting opinions which further sets parameters in devising policies as tools to establish best governance mechanism that sets addressing link befitting all. Yet, socioeconomic individual best behavioral dynamism is so cumbersome that it would not succeed in capturing molecular referral interest. Hence projections are to be assimilated at some level based on the injection of all-around acceptable values to be harmoniously synchronized. That perhaps would provide addressable solutions. Mainly resolves on economic conflict, which is expected to achieve the best social alignments at different classes and strata.
Please let me know your opinion. Highly appreciate.
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There are not acceptable new social values to resolve an economic crisis such as the one we face in Venezuela, Dear Shahida Anusha Siddiqui.
Any familiar values were simply dismantled by a well thought criminal gangster organization called CastroChavismo, which uses social media to deny the genocide using fake news and to polarize more what remains of our family culture.
In Venezuela, the battlefield for freedom, and rule of law is the family and in such a case, values are to be fixed from the past, where Venezuelans were successful to live in peace and harmony.
How? a war, unfortunately, Why? in order to capture and prosecute CastroChavistas for crimes against humanity committed.
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hi everyone, I have developed a simulation of a roundabout with a fixed time regulation, the lines of traffic lights in the roundabout are for vehicle storage. my question is: when we regulate by tricolor light signals, should we make all the conflict zones inactive? and is it normal that we will have vehicles crossing each other? any help will be appreciated, thanks in advance
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you can still use conflict areas at a signalised intersection, but should be for movements where the gaps are not determined by the signal lanterns. these might be for particular movements where the headways determine the opportunities (even within a signalised intersection!). otherwise, leave them out.
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The tigray conflict is an ongoing armed conflict that began in november 2020 in the tigray region of ethiopia, between two sides: the tigray regional government that is led by the tigray people's liberation front (tplf); and forces supporting ethiopian prime minister abiy ahmed, with the latter also receiving support from president isaias afwerki's eritrean forces. is this ethonalistic conflict began before as as political historical as search for self identity soverenity.
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When inside of the the ethnic group are divided on their philosophy and they are not fit each other in terms of ideias. Most of the conflit between the ethnic group it is from when one of them imposed their force against another, and the second should react or make resistence against it.
Best regards
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Respected researchers,
For those who accept review requests from journals, has anyone reviewed a manuscript of his/her colleague? what is the best thing to do in this case? to accept the review request and do a fair review? contact the journal to state that a conflict of interest exists? or something else?
Thanks in advance!
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(i) A conflict of interest has to be declared as early as it is detected
(ii) An informal review of the article, asking your colleague if your comments may help, can be of interest to this person: you help them build a stronger article. However in this case you side with them, and decouple from the editor. That's what I would do. Also only help someone who wants to be helped: humans are strange so be careful... There are many people focusing on "publich or perish" whatever it may cost them in their ecosystem...
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What are the solutions for conflicts of interest ?
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There is various types of conflicts of interest exist in the world. when we talk about nations behavior, then every nation has their own national interest and she cant compromise their legitimate interest. Her freedom, unity, peace, security, development and ambitions have depends on national interest. In this situation, it is natural to be conflict among rivals. There is no permanent solution to conflicts of interest.
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Sometimes a linguistic nuance can generate conflicting attitudes even in the scientific field, especially when it comes to seismic precursors. How can the three terms of the question be contextualized?
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Dear Valentino,
Merry Christmas!
Laszlo
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Hi all,
I am working on my graduation school dissertation, which looks into the relationship between servant leadership and conflict strategies, with age and role of conflict partner as moderating factors.
The current analysis I am proposing is:
1) correlation analyses - to look at the association between servant leadership/age and each conflict strategy
2) Hierarchical regression analysis - two way interaction of age/role of conflict partner on servant leadership->conflict strategy relationship. Finally, a three way interaction is performed. Meanwhile, for both analysis, gender and conflict severity will be controlled in step 1.
My questions are:
1) Does the above analysis procedure make sense? What is the difference of adopting a hierarchical regression vs a multiple linear regression as seen in some studies?
2) What would be the sample size needed?
3) For age as a predictor/moderator, does it make a difference if it is considered a continuous vs categorical variable? I am expecting a balanced age sample (below and above 40 yrs old)
I would great appreciate any comments and feedback!
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1. HLmodeling allows you to model nested data more appropriately than a regular MLR.
2. Depends on your population size.For example if your CL is 95% ,population is 10000,margin of error 5% then yoursample size should be 370.
3.
Plug in your Z-score, standard of deviation, and confidence interval into the sample size calculator or use this sample size formula:
Necessary Sample Size = (Z-score)2 * StdDev*(1-StdDev) / (margin of error)2
This equation is for an unknown population size or a very large population size. If your population is smaller and known, just use the sample size calculator.
3. You can also split a continuous variable into thirds, fourths, fifths, or as many different categories as you wish. Another example of why you would want to transform a continuous variable into a categorical variable is if there are only a few responses on some of the answer choices in the continuous variable. Since age is a demographic factor you should consider its moderation effect.
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I have come across multiple instruments for conflict. Now I'm confused as to which one to use. Expert opinions are welcome.
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there is a big difference between conflict management and conflict resolution. the first is an attempt to contain conflict and prevent escalation, but keep it alive as a tool to manipulate parties involved. the second is meant to deal with the conflict with the intention to end it. However, the great powers in general, and the US in particular, have shown no interest in conflict resolution. they need conflict to manage their own relations with each other, using the blood of the poor and weak and the future of their children. I advise you to read my book: Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity for more details.
Mohamed Rabie
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Why do you suppose that nomadic people have been able to survive better in South Central Asia and Eastern Europe, where there exist ongoing conflicts than here in North America?  do you think their lives will be like 50 or 100 years from now? Will the nomads still be moving their sheep and cattle down the road?
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Fighting every moment against frustrations.
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There are massive conflict and resistance among students to shift from low-speed teeth to high-speed teeth.
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والله يا دكتور من وجهه نظري المتواضعه انا شايف ان حضرتك نفسك توصل معانا ل ليفيل من الإتقان محدش وصله من الدفعات الي قبل كده بس الموضوع كان عاوز ترتيبات من قبل ما يحصل عشان نبدأ نجهزله ونعرف عنه
يعني مثلا لو كان اتبعت ميل قبل الدراسه بأسبوع علي الاقل ياولاد انتو شغلكم السنادي هيبقي مختلف عن الي قبلكم عشان يبقي احسن وتتقنوا الموضوع بدرجه اكبر وتنزل ليست التولز المطلوبه ب الدنتو فورم المطلوب كنا هنعرف ع الاقل نظبط الدنيا
ثانيا انا شايف ان الدنتوفورم الهارد ستراكشر هيوصلك اه لدرجه عاليه من الاحترافيه بس ده لو انت متقن الموضوع بنسبه ٨٠ او ٨٥ في الميه علي الاقل ولما تشتغل عليه هيوصلك لل١٠٠ ف الميه إنما لو اشتغلت عليه من الاول اعتقد ممكن
تلاقي صعوبه ف الموضوع ده
ثالثا الوقت صعب بين ايدينا احنا داخلين علي الميد تيرم ومحدش فينا لسه مسك الكونترا بايده وبدأ يشتغل ف الموضوع مقلق بالنسبالنا ف الموضوع ده ولسه لو جبنا كاست جديد علي بال ما نجهزه ونبدأ نقول بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم هيكون عدي علي الاقل ١٠ ايام كمان ف بصراحه الوقت مش مسعفنا ومش معانا
طبعا كلامي كان بغض النظر عن الأسعار او اي حاجه لأنك ببساطه ف كليه عمليه ولازم تدفع عشان تتعلم
وف الاول والاخر احنا كلنا ثقه في حضرتك واثقين في رايك والي عاوز توصلنا ليه وواثقين اننا هنبقي بإذن الله حاجه تانيه خالص مع حضرتك ف الي حضرتك تشوفه وتؤمر بيه اعتبره حصل ♥️
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I've encountered a curious gap in the literature that I would love professional help to address! My Professors and I were discussing the need to identify American-based literature (if I can find any) on adversarial relationships and/or professional conflict between clinicians and their management in a healthcare organisation (such as a hospital). The issue is frequently discussed in other contexts (UK, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, etc) however, I've been searching high and low...I couldn't find much.
Is there genuinely little writing on this topic, or am I looking in the wrong places? Is there a term I'm missing? I would love your guidance.
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Perhaps the term "clinicians" has another synonymous. Key words are important for "search strategy" while searching for gab and finding publication. There are plenty of systematic review papers, I recommend to look at their "search strategy" used and if you need further assistance please feel free to contact me. I will be delighted to help.
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I found conflicting information from various sources pertaining to the geology of my study area.
My question is has anybody experienced this? Also during the field study, I observed one study area had loose soils which easily collapsed at depths below 200 cm. The other area was loose but not collapsible while the other was so difficult to excavate even when wet. Does this give a picture of varying geology?
Can it be reported in my present study?
Should it form a foundation for new research?
What do researchers do when they find conflicting information on an area?
Please I need answers from geologists, soil scientists and other concerned experts.
NB: A notable report grouped the three areas as one geology- Bende-Ameki Formation. Other authors placed them as Ogwashi-Asaba Formation, Bende-Ameki and Imo Formations respectively
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If there were no conflicting answers, there would be no need for your work. Building on your first answer, pursue the sources of your conflicting maps. They likely have differing levels of accuracy and intent. How accurate are their coordinates? Were they based on actual field work and if so, are the original field notes available for ground-checking? Unless these soils were the focus of the earlier work, the authors may have been less careful about exact positions, outlines and descriptions than the nearby objects on which they did focus.
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In regarding of maritime spatial management, conflicting among stakeholders in interests occur quite frequently. Besides of this, there are many overlaps of governmental management in some parts of the world. Is there anyone having studied about these? Let's discuss about these facts and mechanisms or measures to deal with them.
----Maritime spatial planning-------
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do you all have any facts of conflicting the interests of stakeholders in maritime spatial planning in EEZ or internal water?
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Most of the countries of Africa are affected by water war due to climate change, so let think together how to bring solution for this conflict of interest.
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Thanks this is really critical issues which we are currently facing and it need to be address regarding to attend photosynthesis for plant and greenhouse effects.
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In the scenario of changing climate, increasing population, Post COVID scenario, Geopolitical conflicts, it's the time for all the stake holders especially farmers to meet, discuss, plan and revisit the existing strategies related to the future of agricultural practices and plantation drives. Climate Smart Plantation could be one of the best solution to all the above mentioned and other challenges.
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The first step is choosing climate smart crops and planting them in such a way that there is no adverse impact on ecology. It should adhere to sustainably increase agricultural productivity and incomes, building resilience to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 
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Does anyone know how we can model two different kinds of drivers on the conflict point (connector) at the highway exit ramp using microsimulation (VISSIM or Aimsun)? 1. drivers use the right-turn indicator to exit from the highway, 2. drivers do NOT use the right-turn indicator (violating drivers) but they are exiting from the highway. #VISSIM #TrafficModelling #Drivingbehaviour #Aimsum
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Using VISSIM's External Driver Model API may solve your problem. It gives you access to a lot of driving variables, in particular:
DRIVER_DATA_VEH_TURNING_INDICATOR
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I'm interested in hearing others' experiences with and/or opinions on using both the Conners CPT-3 and the CATA. I've only recently begun using the CATA in addition to the CPT3, but more times than not, I find that patients produce conflicting profiles (unremarkable CATA, but significant CPT..or vice versa). Conners indicates that using both tests increases diagnostic accuracy (for ADHD). However, subsequent reliability studies show low shared variance between the two measures. So, I'm not sure how to make sense of this. Would love some feedback.
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Stephen Joy Thank you Stephen!
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There is always a conflict between the Pure Sciences & Social Sciences about which is more releant. How do we resolve this?
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It depends which social science subject, and which technical degree is.
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Work-family conflict (WFC) results when work interferes with family time or space; or when family matters interfere with work. These WFC events can cause tension within family or at work. Can you suggest what theoretical lens (or theories or conceptual frameworks) can be used from sociology, organisational theory, family literature, feminist studies or psychology or conflict literature to study WFC?
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I think the direction of your study drawing from your research questions and objectives are critical in determining your theoretical frame. For instance, if your study intend to probe the status quo of the family institution vis-a-vis the changes it effect or trigger, conflict theory, political economy theory or critical theory would be more appropraite for your study. But on the contrary, functionalist or system theory can be adopted for your study.
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I was wondering how people were dealing with remote work, being surrounded by family members, and, for some, home schooling their children, so my colleagues and I decided to administer a short survey (it only takes that 5 to 10 minutes to complete) on work-family conflict. The survey has been approved by Southeast Missouri State University’s Institutional Review Board. You are under no obligation to complete the survey and your responses will be anonymous. Should you choose to participate in our short survey, a link to the survey is provided below with a cover letter that informs you about the study and your rights as a participant.
Sincerely, 
George B. Yancey
Southeast Missouri State University 
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Sure! I would be interested in results as well! Thanks
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is likely to drive a range of security threats - conflict and militancy in sub-Saharan Africa.
Patience with government is starting to wane as the economic impact of restrictions is increasingly felt. As there are signs that patience is starting to wear thin as COVID-19 tests and results continue to contribute to the low levels of trust in governments.
While COVID-19 has taken centre stage, conflicts have continued uninterrupted. As Islamist militants in the Sahel and Mozambique have both carried out large-scale attacks in recent weeks, likely hoping to capitalise on distracted governments to advance their interests. In Lake Chad, Islamist militant group Boko Haram, seeks to discredit regional governments and recruit new members.
In the Sahel, the crisis is having a far more disruptive impact on the work of aid agencies, which are struggling to transport staff and supplies, and is likely to worsen humanitarian conditions in several conflict hotspots. COVID-19 is also likely to see conflict resolution processes and peacekeeping deprioritised amid travel freezes and budget cuts.
In the longer term, economic stress will push crime rates upwards. Routine patrols may be deprioritised in favour of enforcing curfews and reducing the spread. Organisations sending staff and executives on short-term trips will also need to plan for longer visits as they navigate travel restrictions, increasing their exposure to criminal activity.
Your contributions are needed.
For Ref, see.
Thomaz Favaro. COVID-19 – the security impacts in Africa. Control Risks. 1 Jun 2020. - https://www.controlrisks.com/our-thinking/insights/covid19-the-security-impacts-in-africa
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Fantastic question! I would suggest starting with the work of the African Center for Strategic Studies. They have published a lot on how Covid relates to sub-Saharan African security studies over the past few months.
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Hi there,
I am confused about the results of a logistic regression (two logistic regressions, actually). In each case the odds ratio = 1.00, but the p-value for the independent variable is significant (<.05). How do I interpret this?
Thanks.
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It would also help to know sample size and the nature of the measurement of the independent variable.
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Science does not stand still. New opportunities for research keep appearing and, as a result, new findings and discoveries happen hand to hand with artifact discoveries. These discovery some time with considerable controversy in the literature, sometimes at unusually impoliteand unprofessional levels. Some time artifact discoveries also surprised the world of science.
1) Different groups presents different results on same material and trying to prove each other results as wrong. Is it not sicietificy sound if these groups exchange specimens before they claim the work of others is simply wrong?
2) In some cases materials have been considered to be with ground breaking discovery when the data can be interpreted more simply via other well-known mechanisms. Is it not import to look wider before claims a breakthrough discovery?
3) In some cases the experimental results are true, despite theory implying that this is not possible. Is it appropriate to reject a experimental output just because theory doesn't exits which can explain it?
4) Controversy and attention on a new anomalous phenomenon such as Room Temperature Superconductivity.
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