Science topics: PhysicsCondensed Matter Physics

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# Condensed Matter Physics - Science topic

Condensed matter physics is a branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter.

Publications related to Condensed Matter Physics (8,009)

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We review the application of discrete time crystals created in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of ultracold atoms bouncing resonantly on an oscillating atom mirror to the investigation of condensed matter phenomena in the time dimension. Such a bouncing BEC system can exhibit dramatic breaking of time-translation symmetry, allowing the creation of...

New book:
Perovskite Ceramics,
A comprehensive and systematic review of advanced research in perovskite-based ceramics
A Volume in the Elsevier Series on Advanced Ceramic Materials Series
KEY FEATURES
A comprehensive and systematic review of advanced research in
perovskite-based ceramics
Covers both oxide and halide perovskites, their synthesi...

Transport of solutes through channels with rough boundaries is abundant in natural and engineered settings. However, it is not known currently what the consequences of an abruptly alternating boundary are for the solute dispersion, in particular when advected by inertial fluid flow. To investigate this, we compute numerically the time-asymptotic lo...

Understanding the organizing principles of interacting electrons and the emergence of novel electronic phases is a central endeavor of condensed matter physics. Electronic nematicity, in which the discrete rotational symmetry in the electron fluid is broken while the translational one remains unaffected, is a prominent example of such a phase. It h...

Condensed matter physics of gauge theories coupled to fermions can exhibit a rich phase structure, but are nevertheless very difficult to study in Monte Carlo simulations when they are afflicted by a sign problem. As an alternate approach, we use tensor network methods to explore the finite density physics of Abelian gauge theories without dynamica...

The study of higher-order and real topological states as well as the material realization have become a research forefront of topological condensed matter physics in recent years. Twisted bilayer graphene (tbG) is proved to have higher-order and real topology. However whether this conclusion can be extended to other two-dimensional twisted bilayer...

Cavity quantum electrodynamics, which explores the granularity of light by coupling a resonator to a nonlinear emitter¹, has played a foundational role in the development of modern quantum information science and technology. In parallel, the field of condensed matter physics has been revolutionized by the discovery of underlying topological2–4, oft...

Finding high-temperature superconductors has been one of the main challenges of condensed mat-
ter physics. Recent progress in this regards includes the observation of room-temperature super-
conductivity in carbonaceous sulfur hydride. However, this superconductivity is strongly restricted
by an extremely high-pressure condition (∼ 100GP a) that m...

In quantum mechanics, supersymmetry (SUSY) posits an equivalence between two elementary degrees of freedom, bosons and fermions. Here we show how this fundamental concept can be applied to connect bosonic and fermionic lattice models in the realm of condensed matter physics, e.g., to identify a variety of (bosonic) phonon and magnon lattice models...

The modern primary voltage standard is based on the AC Josephson effect and the ensuing Shapiro steps, where a microwave tone applied to a Josephson junction yields a constant voltage $hf/2e$ ($h$ is Planck's constant and $e$ the electron charge) determined by only the microwave frequency $f$ and fundamental constants. Duality arguments for current...

The interplay between magnetism and topology has brought new prospects in condensed matter physics and material science. By virtue of dissipation-free transport, a special band structure, and a greater Berry curvature, linear response in topological materials is greatly enhanced. The topological band structure in conjunction with symmetries plays a...

Two-dimensional titanium diselenide (TiSe 2) thin films are excitonic insulators characterized by a charge density wave (CDW) order and a charge gap below a thermal transition scale T CDW ≈ 200 K. Above 200 K, the charge gap collapses to a small finite value, and incoherent short-range CDW correlations persist as precursors to the low-temperature C...

Advancements in nanotechnology continue to unearth material vistas that presage a new age of revolutionary functionalities replete with unparalleled physical properties and avant-garde chemical capabilities that promise sweeping paradigm shifts in energy, environment, telecommunications and potentially healthcare. At the upper echelons of this real...

Spin-orbit coupling plays a pivotal role in condensed matter physics. For instance, spin-orbit interactions affect the magnetization and transport dynamics in solids, while spins and momenta are locked in topological matter. Alternatively, spin-orbit entanglement may play an important role in exotic phenomena, like quantum spin liquids in 4d and 5d...

Ferroelectric domain walls have emerged as one of the most fascinating objects in condensed matter physics due to the broad variability of functional behaviors they exhibit. However, the vast majority of domain walls studies have been focused on bias-induced dynamics and transport behaviors. Here, we introduce the scanning probe microscopy approach...

Understanding the organizing principles of interacting electrons and the emergence of novel electronic phases is a central endeavor of condensed matter physics. Electronic nematicity, in which the discrete rotational symmetry in the electron fluid is broken while the translational one remains unaffected, is a prominent example of such a phase. It h...

Particle formation represents a central theme in various branches of physics, often associated to confinement. Here we show that dynamical hadron formation can be spectroscopically detected in an ultracold atomic setting within the most paradigmatic and simplest model of condensed matter physics, the repulsive $\textrm{SU}(N)$ Hubbard model. By sta...

In the past several decades, density functional theory (DFT) has evolved as a leading player across a dazzling variety of fields, from organic chemistry to condensed matter physics. The simple conceptual framework and computational elegance are the underlying driver for this. This article reviews some of the recent developments that have taken plac...

Phase engineering of nanomaterials (PEN) has demonstrated great potentials in the fields of catalysis, electronics, energy storage and conversion, and condensed matter physics. Recently, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) with unconventional metastable phases (e.g., 1T and 1T′) has attracted increasing research interest due to their unique and...

Complex correlated states emerging from many-body interactions between quasiparticles (electrons, excitons and phonons) are at the core of condensed matter physics and material science. In low-dimensional materials, quantum confinement affects the electronic, and subsequently, optical properties for these correlated states. Here, by combining photo...

We present ExaTN (Exascale Tensor Networks), a scalable GPU-accelerated C++ library which can express and process tensor networks on shared- as well as distributed-memory high-performance computing platforms, including those equipped with GPU accelerators. Specifically, ExaTN provides the ability to build, transform, and numerically evaluate tensor...

Nanocutting is a method of direct machining in nanomanufacturing field, and it is an important ultraprecision machining method. Nanocutting technology adopts single-point diamond cutting and nanoprobe scratching methods to make the machining accuracy of parts reach the nanometric scale. It is the method with the highest machining accuracy at presen...

The interplay between magnetism and topologically non-trivial electronic states is an important subject in condensed matter physics. Recently, the stoichiometric intrinsic magnetic material MnBi 2 Te 4 provides an ideal platform to study the magnetic topological phenomena, such as quantum anomalous Hall effect, axion insulator state, topological ma...

We propose to use the Hall response of topological defects, such as merons and antimerons, to spin currents in two-dimensional magnetic insulator with in-plane anisotropy for identification of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition in a transistorlike geometry. Our numerical results relying on a combination of Monte Carlo and spin dyn...

Recent work has revealed the central role played by the Kirkwood-Dirac quasiprobability (KDQ) as a tool to encapsulate non-classical features in the context of condensed matter physics (scrambling, dynamical phase transitions) metrology (standard and post-selected), thermodynamics (power output and fluctuation theorems), foundations (contextuality,...

Quantum computing and quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) are respectively the most powerful quantum and classical computing methods for understanding many-body quantum systems. Here, we propose a hybrid quantum-classical algorithm that integrates these two methods, inheriting their distinct features in efficient representation and manipulation of quantum st...

Recently, there has been an increased interest in the application of machine learning (ML) techniques to a variety of problems in condensed matter physics. In this regard, of particular significance
is the characterization of simple and complex phases of matter. Here, we use a ML approach to construct the full phase diagram of a well known spin mod...

Yukawa potential has garnered remarkable attention since its proposition. It is applied in condensed matter physics, plasma physics, high energy physics and related areas. Based on this widespread applicability, this study focused on the analysis of the effects of topological defect on the thermal and magnetic properties of this system. Non-relativ...

Non-reciprocal charge transport that is strongly associated with the structural or magnetic chirality of the quantum materials system is one of the most exotic properties of condensed matter physics. Here, using magnetic alloys film Pt2MnGe, we have realized the large non-reciprocal charge transport up to room temperature, which roots in the organi...

Majorana bound states constitute one of the simplest examples of emergent non-Abelian excitations in condensed matter physics. A toy model proposed by Kitaev shows that such states can arise on the ends of a spinless $p$-wave superconducting chain. Practical proposals for its realization require coupling neighboring quantum dots in a chain via both...

We propose the concept of birefringent Majorana fermions as collective excitations of quantum interacting many-body states motivated by the already known quasiparticles including Dirac fermions, birefringent Dirac fermions and Majorana fermions. Low energy effective models are constructed to understand the basic mathematical structures of equations...

Within the framework of AdS/CFT duality, excited states of the conformal field living at the global AdS boundary of a four-dimensional spacetime Einstein gravity are investigated analytically in the probe limit where the field equations are linearized. At asymptotically large values, the threshold chemical potential for the appearance of excited co...

A bstract
A supersolid is a system that presents long-range order and shear rigidity as a solid but which also supports a non-dissipative superflow as a superfluid. From an effective perspective, supersolids are identified with phases of matter that break spontaneously translational invariance together with a global U(1) symmetry. By using this sym...

We study the electronic transport in the lowest Landau level of disordered two-dimensional semimetals placed in a homogeneous perpendicular magnetic field. The material system is modeled by the Bernevig–Hughes–Zhang Hamiltonian, which has zero energy Landau modes due to the material’s intrinsic Berry curvature. These turn out to be crucially import...

Topological superconductors have long been predicted to host Majorana zero modes which obey non-Abelian statistics and have potential for realizing non-decoherence topological quantum computation. However, material realization of topological superconductors is still a challenge in condensed matter physics. Utilizing high-resolution angle-resolved p...

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) not only have potential applications on spin qubit, but also serve as essential platforms to study the fundamental properties of Dirac fermions, such as Klein tunneling and Berry phase. By now, the study of quantum confinement in GQDs still attract much attention in condensed matter physics. In this article, we review t...

Recent advances in twisted van der Waals heterostructure superlattices have emerged as a powerful and attractive platform for exploring novel condensed matter physics due to the interplay between the moiré potential and Coulomb interactions. The moiré superlattices act as a periodic confinement potential in space to capture interlayer excitons (IXs...

Due to the unique properties, two-dimensional materials and van der Waals heterostructures play an important part in microelectronics, condensed matter physics, stretchable electronics and quantum sciences. But probing properties of two-dimensional materials and van der Waals heterostructures is hard as a result of their nanoscale structures, which...

Spin-orbital coupling (SOC) and parity-time ($\mathcal{PT}$) symmetry both have attracted paramount research interest in condensed matter physics, cold atom physics, optics and acoustics to develop spintronics, quantum computation, precise sensors and novel functionalities. Natural SOC is an intrinsic relativistic effect. However, there is an incre...

A new class of van der Waals-type layered materials, ASn2 Pn 2 (A= Li, Na, Sr, Eu; Pn= As, P, Sb), has attracted much attention in the field of condensed matter physics because they have interesting physical properties and various ground states, as well as potential applications. Here, we are the first to report the close connection among the super...

Understanding how fast short-range interactions build up long-range order is one of the most intriguing topics in condensed matter physics. FeRh is a test specimen for studying this problem in magnetism, where the microscopic spin-spin exchange interaction is ultimately responsible for either ferro- or antiferromagnetic macroscopic order. Femtoseco...

Quantum fluctuations of fields induce a zero-point energy shift under spatial boundary conditions. This Casimir effect is a fundamental phenomenon of quantum physics, and it has been attracting much attention beyond the hierarchy of energy scales, ranging from cosmology to condensed matter physics. However, the application of the Casimir effect to...

Order–disorder transitions are widely explored in various vortex structures in condensed matter physics, that is, in the type‐II superconductors and Bose–Einstein condensates. In this study, the ordering of the polar vortex phase in [Pb(Zr0.4Ti0.6)O3]n/(SrTiO3)n (PZT/STO) superlattices is investigated through phase‐field simulations. With a large t...

The past decades have witnessed an explosion of interest in topological materials, and a lot of mathematical concepts have been introduced in condensed matter physics. Among them, the bulk-boundary correspondence is the central topic in topological physics, which has inspired researchers to focus on boundary physics. Recently, the concepts of topol...

The nature of metal-insulator and magnetic transitions is still a subject under intense debate in condensed matter physics. Amongst the many possible mechanisms, the interplay between electronic correlations and spin-orbit couplings is an issue of a great deal of interest, in particular when dealing with quasi-2D compounds. In view of this, here we...

The origin of the pseudogap behavior, found in many high-Tc superconductors, remains one of the greatest puzzles in condensed matter physics. One possible mechanism is fermionic incoherence, which near a quantum critical point allows pair formation but suppresses superconductivity. Employing quantum Monte Carlo simulations of a model of itinerant f...

In the field of condensed matter physics, as new quantum materials, topological semimetals have a special topological energy band structure and nontrivial band crossings in the energy band, which will have many excellent topological properties, such as internal insulation of topological insulators and the presence of conduction electrons on the sur...

Artificial electrostatic potentials can be present in supercells constructed for atomistic simulations of surfaces and interfaces in ionic crystals. Treating the ions as point charges, we systematically derive an electrostatic formalism for model systems of increasing complexity, both neutral and charged, and with either open or periodic boundary c...

In this article, the Varshni potential is analyzed taking into consideration the effects of magnetic and AB flux fields within the non-relativistic regime using the Nikiforov-Uvarov-Functional Analysis method (NUFA) method. The energy equation and wave function of the system are obtained in close form. We find that the entirety of effects of these...

Optimizing the catalyst layer of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and water electrolyzers requires a good understanding of its properties. The in-plane electrical resistance of the catalyst layer is a key property, which impacts the overall cell performance. In this work, we present a simple method to measure the in-plane electrical resistan...

The recent realization of topology as a mathematical concept in condensed matter systems has shattered Landau's widely accepted classification of phases by spontaneous symmetry breaking as he famously said, “a particular symmetry property exists or does not exist.” Topological materials (TMs) such as topological insulators and topological semimetal...

Recent studies on different topological materials in condensed matter physics have provided the evidence of topological nature for bosonic particle like phonons by performing various theoretical calculations and experimental observations. Here, the topological behaviours of phonons of SnS, SnSe and SnTe materials in rock-salt structure are investig...

The combination of density functional theory with dynamical mean-field theory (DFT+DMFT) has become a powerful first-principles approach to tackle strongly correlated materials in condensed matter physics. The wide use of this approach relies on robust and easy-to-use implementations, and its implementation in various numerical frameworks will incr...

Unconventional symmetry breaking due to nonlocal order parameters has attracted considerable attention in many strongly correlated metals. Famous examples are the nematic order in Fe-based superconductors and the star-of-David charge density order in kagome metals. Such exotic symmetry breaking in metals is a central issue of modern condensed matte...

M\"ossbauer spectroscopy, which provides knowledge related to electronic states in materials, has been applied to various fields such as condensed matter physics and material sciences. In conventional spectral analyses based on least-square fitting, hyperfine interactions in materials have been determined from the shape of observed spectra. In conv...

The addition of 2 wt% of aluminum to a Fe-0.4 wt% C martensitic steel led to the formation of a ferritic microfilm along the prior austenitic grain boundaries after austenitization and quenching. Both materials with and without Al exhibited a similar bulk hardness of 580 HV3 owing to their predominantly martensitic microstructure. Bending tests and...

An X-ray analyzer-based optics with a zoom function is proposed for observing various samples with apparent-absorption contrast, phase contrast and scattering contrast. The proposed X-ray optics consists of a collimator crystal and an analyzer crystal arranged in a nondispersive (+, −) geometry with a sample placed between them. For the implementat...