Science topics: PhysicsCondensed Matter Physics

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# Condensed Matter Physics - Science topic

Condensed matter physics is a branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter.

Publications related to Condensed Matter Physics (9,589)

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Non-Hermitian physics and topological phenomena are two hot topics attracted much attention in condensed matter physics and artificial metamaterials. Thermal metamaterials are one type of metamaterials that can manipulate heat on one's own. Recently, it has been found that non-Hermitian physics and topo-logical phenomena can be implemented in purel...

The mineral CaF2 is the archetype of the α fluorite structure and its high-pressure phase transition to γ cotunnite is an ideal test bed for exploring the effects of kinetics. The inter-disciplinary topic of the kinetics of dynamically driven phase transitions is at the forefront of condensed matter physics, both for its theoretical importance and...

The interplay between magnetism and electronic topology in the quantum limit is a forefront subject of condensed matter physics. Here, we show the electronic and magnetic properties of layered antiferromagnet EuZn2As2 in pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 T and temperatures down to 0.6 K. By analyzing the quantum oscillations observed in the magnetore...

Uncovering the physical contents of the nontrivial topology of quantum states is a critical problem in condensed matter physics. Here, we study the topological circular dichroism in chiral semimetals using linear response theory and first-principles calculations. We show that, when the low-energy spectrum respects emergent SO(3) rotational symmetry...

Ever since its introduction by Ludwig Boltzmann, the ergodic hypothesis became a cornerstone analytical concept of equilibrium thermodynamics and complex dynamic processes. Examples of its relevance range from modeling decision-making processes in brain science to economic predictions. In condensed matter physics, ergodicity remains a concept large...

We propose an efficient method for Hamiltonian simulation of multi-qubit quantum systems with special types of interaction. In our approach, the Hamiltonian of a \(n\)-qubit system should be represented as a linear combination of the standard Pauli basis operators, and then decomposed into a sum of partial Hamiltonians, which are, in general, not P...

Flatbands in condensed-matter, atomic physics, and quantum optics stand as the basis for several strongly correlated quantum many-body phenomena such as Wigner crystallization, the fractional quantum Hall effect and Moiré-related physics. Besides inspiring analogies among diverse physical fields, flatbands are highly sought-after in photonics becau...

Van der Waals dielectrics are fundamental materials for condensed matter physics and advanced electronic applications. Most dielectrics host isotropic structures in crystalline or amorphous forms, and only a few studies have considered the role of anisotropic crystal symmetry in dielectrics as a delicate way to tune electronic properties of channel...

Understanding many-electron phenomena with competing near-degenerate electronic states is of fundamental importance to chemistry and condensed matter physics. One of the most significant challenges for exploring such many-electron phenomena is the necessity for large system sizes in order to realize competing states, far beyond those practical for...

Honeycomb layered frameworks have garnered traction in a wide range of disciplines owing not only to their unique honeycomb configuration, but also to the plenitude of physicochemical and topological properties such as fast ionic conduction, diverse coordination chemistry and structural defects amongst others typically exploited for energy storage...

Description of work ‘Natural Field: Non-local Existence of Matter and Action at a Distance’ – Contemporary Physics which is mostly inherited from twentieth century does not even acknowledge the term ‘‘Non-local Existence of Matter’.
----- It is possible one might argue that curvature of space-time geometry in Einstein’s general theory is already...

The confluence between high-energy physics and condensed matter has produced groundbreaking results via unexpected connections between the two traditionally disparate areas. In this work, we elucidate additional connectivity between high-energy and condensed matter physics by examining the interplay between spin-orbit interactions and local symmetr...

Lattice geometry continues providing exotic topological phases in condensed matter physics. Exciting recent examples are the higher-order topological phases, manifesting via localized lower-dimensional boundary states. Moreover, flat electronic bands with a non-trivial topology arise in various lattices and can hold a finite superfluid density, bou...

The quantum Hall effect, fundamental in modern condensed matter physics, continuously inspires new theories and predicts emergent phases of matter. Here we experimentally demonstrate three types of Chern insulators with synthetic dimensions on a programable 30-qubit-ladder superconducting processor. We directly measure the band structures of the 2D...

Description of work ‘Origin of Inertia’ – Inertia is one of the oldest experiences since the early days when people had to move rocks and woods to build houses and shelters. It was Newton who first put implications of inertia formally in the form of a law, namely first law of motion. Origin of inertia remained unknown since the days of Newton till...

Sampling from known probability distributions is a ubiquitous task in computational science, underlying calculations in domains from linguistics to biology and physics. Generative machine-learning (ML) models have emerged as a promising tool in this space, building on the success of this approach in applications such as image, text, and audio gener...

\subsection{Organization of \blockquote{TGD and Nuclear Physics}}
The book consists of two parts. The first part of the book is devoted to the applications of the hierarchy of Planck constants to particle physics and (mostly) nuclear physics.
\begin{enumerate}
\item Already at seventies, evidence for states formed in heavy nucleus collisions and...

This book tries to provide a view about the applications of TGD to condensed matter physics. Quantum TGD in its recent form. Quantum TGD relies on two different views about physics: physics as an infinite-dimensional spinor geometry based on the notion of "World of Classical Worlds" (WCW) and physics as a generalized number theory.
WCW picture ge...

We study the mixed-state entanglement for AdS Born-Infeld (BI) theory. We calculate the mixed-state entanglement and investigate the relationship between it and the system parameters. We find that the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) and mutual information (MI) exhibit monotonically increasing and decreasing behavior with BI factor b. However...

We present a variational Monte Carlo algorithm for estimating the lowest excited states of a quantum system which is a natural generalization of the estimation of ground states. The method has no free parameters and requires no explicit orthogonalization of the different states, instead transforming the problem of finding excited states of a given...

Moiré magnetism featured by stacking engineered atomic registry and lattice interactions has recently emerged as an appealing quantum state of matter at the forefront of condensed matter physics research. Nanoscale imaging of moiré magnets is highly desirable and serves as a prerequisite to investigate a broad range of intriguing physics underlying...

Majorana zero modes (MZMs) are of central importance for modern condensed matter physics and quantum information due to their non-Abelian nature, which thereby offers the possibility of realizing topological quantum bits. We here show that a grain boundary (GB) defect can host a topological superconductor (SC), with a pair of cohabitating MZMs at i...

Magnetic field measurement and imaging is a crucial technology used in various fields, such as physics, material science, geology, and medicine. However, current methods face limitations, with either poor magnetic field sensitivity or low spatial resolution. For instance, the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) method provides excel...

As promising quantum sensors, nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have been widely used in frontier studies in condensed matter physics, material sciences, and life sciences. In practical applications, weak laser excitation is favorable as it reduces the side effects of laser irradiation, for example, phototoxicity and heating. Here we report...

2D phases of matter have become a new paradigm in condensed matter physics, bringing in an abundance of novel quantum phenomena with promising device applications. However, realizing such quantum phases has its own challenges, stimulating research into non‐traditional methods to create them. One such attempt is presented here, where the intrinsic c...

A bstract
We represent the first investigation of pole-skipping on both the gravity and field theory sides. In contrast to the higher dimensional models, there is no momentum degree of freedom in (1 + 1)−dimensional bulk theory. Thus, we then consider a scalar field mass as our degree of freedom for the pole-skipping phenomenon instead of momentum....

In condensed matter physics, pressure is frequently used to modify the stability of both electronic states and atomic arrangements. Under isotropic pressure, the intermetallic compound MnP has recently attracted attention for the interplay between pressure-induced superconductivity and complicated magnetic order in the vicinity . By contrast, we us...

Quantum systems have historically been formidable to simulate using classical computational methods, particularly as the system size grows. The Heisenberg Model, pivotal in understanding magnetic materials, is a quintessential example where classical simulations face scalability issues. The Variational Quantum Eigensolver (VQE) algorithm is a syste...

The quantum many-body problem is an important topic in condensed matter physics. To efficiently solve the problem, several methods have been developped to improve the representation ability of wave-functions. For the Fermi-Hubbard-type model, the ground energy contains one-body and two-body correlations. In contrast to the wave-function, the Green...

We discuss rigorous results about the response functions of gapped and gapless interacting fermionic lattice models, relevant for the study of transport in condensed matter physics.

We investigate separability and entanglement of Rokhsar-Kivelson (RK) states and resonating valence-bond (RVB) states. These states play a prominent role in condensed matter physics, as they can describe quantum spin liquids and quantum critical states of matter, depending on their underlying lattices. For dimer RK states on arbitrary tileable grap...

Compton scattering has been a key concept in atomic and molecular physics, material science, condensed matter physics, and other fields ever since it was originally discovered by Arthur H. Compton in 1923. Additionally, the Compton camera, one of the applications of Compton scattering can gather sufficient data and information about photons with en...

A bstract
Motivated by the connection between pole-skipping phenomena of two point functions and four point out-of-time-order correlators, we study the pole-skipping phenomena for rotating BTZ black holes. In particular, we investigate the effect of rotations on the pole-skipping point for various fields with spin s = 1 / 2 , 1 , 2 / 3, extending t...

Predicting the phase diagram of interacting quantum many-body systems is a central problem in condensed matter physics and related fields. A variety of quantum many-body systems, ranging from unconventional superconductors to spin liquids, exhibit complex competing phases whose theoretical description has been the focus of intense efforts. Here, we...

The engineering of new states of matter through Floquet driving has revolutionized the field of condensed matter physics. This technique enables the creation of hybrid topological states and ordered phases that are absent in normal systems. Crystalline structures, exemplifying spatially ordered systems under periodic driving, have been extensively...

After a decade of intense theoretical and experimental efforts, demonstrating braiding of Majorana modes remains an unsolved problem in condensed matter physics due to platform-specific challenges. In this work, we propose topological superconductor–magnetic multilayer heterostructures with on-chip microwave cavity readout as a platform for initial...

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Considering the large q expansion of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model in the two-stage limit, we compute the Lanczos coefficients, Krylov complexity, and the higher Krylov cumulants in subleading order, along with the t/q effects. The Krylov complexity naturally describes the “size” of the distribution while the higher cumulants encode r...

Flat band systems in condensed matter physics are intriguing because they can exhibit exotic phases and unconventional properties. In this work, we studied three correlated magnetic systems, Na$_2$BaX(PO$_4$)$_2$ (X = Mn, Co, Ni), and revealed their unusual electronic structure and magnetic properties. Despite their different effective angular mome...

This project is doing analysis of research topics - identification of the main articles on the topic; analysis of scientific fields, such as Condensed matter physics - identification of actively discussed topics, for each topic a list of main articles is performed; analysis of articles - ARTICLES ARE ANALYZED REGARDING A SPECIFIC RESEARCH TOPIC, 10...

The interplay between topology and criticality has been a recent interest of study in condensed matter physics. A unique topological transition between certain critical phases has been observed as a consequence of the edge modes living at criticalities. In this work, we generalize this phenomenon by investigating possible transitions between critic...

The exploration of potential energy operators in quantum systems holds paramount significance, offering profound insights into atomic behaviour, defining interactions, and enabling precise prediction of molecular dynamics. By embracing the Born-Oppenheimer picture, we delve into the intricate quantum evolution due to potential energy, facilitating...

Uncovering atomistic phenomena using tools of simulation is a fascination that lies at the heart of computational materials science, and I as a researcher revel in it. Although we have come a long way in being able to describe matter, it still hides an intangible universe of particles that dynamically trade energy with each other through microscopi...

A bstract
In the two-component Ginzburg-Landau theory of superfluidity, a pair of fractional vortices form a composite type of topological defect, usually referred to as a baby skyrmion. In this paper, we initiate the construction of such a baby skyrmion in the holographic model of two-component superfluids. As a result, two types of baby skyrmion...

Van der Waals layered and 2D materials constitute an extraordinary playground for condensed matter physics, since the strong confinement of wavefunctions to two dimensions supports a diverse set of correlated phenomena. By creating carefully designed heterostructures, these can be readily manipulated. In this Perspective, we advance the viewpoint t...

Since the initial report of the potential occurrence of room-temperature superconductivity under normal pressure [arXiv: 2307.12008], there has been significant interest in the field of condensed matter physics regarding Cu-doped Apatite (Pb10-xCux(PO4)6O). In this study, we performed temperature-dependent resistivity measurements on the synthesize...

arXiv:cond-mat/9512117v1 15 Dec 1995 Big bang simulation in superfluid 3 He-B-Vor-tex nucleation in neutron-irradiated superflow We report the observation of vortex formation upon the absorption of a thermal neutron in a rotating container of superfluid 3 He-B. The nuclear reaction n + 3 2 He = p + 3 1 H + 0.76MeV heats a cigar shaped region of the...

Recently, there has been considerable interest in the application of information geometry to quantum many body physics. This interest has been driven by three separate lines of research, which can all be understood as different facets of quantum information geometry. First, the study of topological phases of matter characterized by Chern number is...

Finding and understanding non-Fermi liquid transport behaviors are at the core of condensed matter physics. Most of the existing studies were devoted to the monolayer Hubbard model, which is the simplest model that captures essential features of high-temperature superconductivity. Here we discover a new type of non-Fermi liquid behavior emergent in...

The ultimate fate of a glass former upon cooling has been a fundamental problem in condensed matter physics and materials science since Kauzmann. Recently, this problem has been challenged by a model with an extraordinary glass-forming ability effectively free from crystallisation and phase separation, two well-known fates of most glass formers, co...

The integer quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect is a lattice analog of the quantum Hall effect at zero magnetic field. This striking transport phenomenon occurs in electronic systems with topologically nontrivial bands and spontaneous time-reversal symmetry breaking. Discovery of its putative fractional counterpart in the presence of strong electro...

Comprehending nonequilibrium electron-phonon dynamics at the microscopic level and at the short time scales is one of the main goals in condensed matter physics. Effective temperature models and time-dependent Boltzmann equations are standard techniques for exploring and understanding nonequilibrium state and the corresponding scattering channels....

Experimental investigation of the interplay of dualities, generalized symmetries, and topological defects is an important challenge in condensed matter physics and quantum materials. A simple model exhibiting this physics is the transverse-field Ising model, which can host a noninvertible topological defect that performs the Kramers-Wannier duality...

Quantum vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) are essential phenomena in condensed matter physics, and precisely locating their positions, especially the vortex core, is a prerequisite for studying their properties. With the rise of machine learning, there is a potential to expedite the localization process and provide accurate predictions....

The magnetic interaction is a necessary ingredient to break the time-reversal symmetry in realizing quantum anomalous Hall, or Chern insulating phases. Here, we study topological phases in the α-T3 model, a minimal theoretical model supporting the flat band, taking account of Rashba spin-orbit coupling and flat-band-induced spontaneous ferromagneti...

Collisional growth of droplets, such as occurring in warm clouds, is known to be significantly enhanced by turbulence. Whether particles collide depends on their flow history, in particular on their encounters with highly intermittent small-scale turbulent structures, which despite their rarity can dominate the overall collision rate. Here, we deve...

A laser-driven storage ring is proposed to generate steady-state, nanometer-long electron bunches. A ring of this type can produce coherent EUV radiation with greatly enhanced power and photon flux, benefiting a wide range of scientific and industrial communities, including condensed matter physics and computer chip fabrication. The underlying mech...

A bstract
We present a gravity dual to a quantum material with tilted Dirac cone in 2+1 dimensional spacetime. In this many-body system the electronics degrees of freedom are strongly-coupled, constitute a Dirac fluid and admit an effective hydrodynamic description. The holographic techniques are applied to compute the thermodynamic variables and h...

This contribution sets out to present a diachronic path of a relevant line of activities concerning issues related to Physics beyond the Standard Model of Fundamental Interactions and Particle Physics, namely, field-theoretical models displaying Lorentz-symmetry violation. Very tine effects that may signal some deviation from Lorentz symmetry – fun...

Dynamically induced nontrivial band topology in the electronic structure of materials is increasingly being utilized as a primary resource for developing the quantum advantage in emerging technologies. This makes it a fundamental imperative in contemporary condensed matter physics to obtain a deep understanding of the emergence of topological phase...

Condensed matter physics plays a crucial role in modern scientific research and technological advancements, providing insights into the behavior of materials and their fundamental properties. Understanding complex phenomena and systems in condensed matter physics poses significant challenges due to their inherent intricacies. Over the years, comput...

Extended Fan's sub-equation method Solitary wave solutions Soliton-like solutions Triangular-type solutions Single and combination non-degenerate Jacobi elliptic function-like solutions A B S T R A C T This article discusses the saturable nonlinear Schrödinger equation, which is a key equation in the study of condensed matter physics, plasma physic...

The anomalous Hall effect has considerable impact on the progress of condensed matter physics and occurs in systems with time-reversal symmetry breaking. Here we theoretically investigate the anomalous Hall effect in nonmagnetic transition-metal pentatellurides $\mathrm{ZrTe_{5}}$ and $\mathrm{HfTe}_{5}$. In the presence of Zeeman splitting and Dir...

Simulating the nonequilibrium dynamics of thermal states is a fundamental problem across scales from high energy to condensed matter physics. Quantum computers may provide a way to solve this problem efficiently. Preparing a thermal state on a quantum computer is challenging, but there exist methods to circumvent this by computing a weighted sum of...

In situ synthesized semiconductor/superconductor hybrid structures became an important material platform in condensed matter physics. Their development enabled a plethora of novel quantum transport experiments with focus on Andreev and Majorana physics. The combination of InAs and Al has become the workhorse material and has been successfully imple...

In the paper "Life, the Universe, and everything-42 fundamental questions", Roland Allen and Suzy Lidström presented personal selection of the fundamental questions. Here, based on the condensed matter experience, we suggest the answers to some questions concerning the vacuum energy, black hole entropy and the origin of gravity.

Nanomaterials feature exceptional, one-of-a-kind qualities that might be used in electronics, medicine, and other industries. Two-dimensional nanomaterials called borophene have a variety of intriguing characteristics, which helped them to leave an indelible impression in the fields of chemistry, material science, nanotechnology, and condensed matt...

Van der Waals heterostructures of two-dimensional materials have opened up new frontiers in condensed matter physics, unlocking unexplored possibilities in electronic and photonic device applications. However, the investigation of wide-gap high-$\kappa$ layered dielectrics for devices based on van der Waals structures has been relatively limited. I...

Discovering the nonlinear transport features in antiferromagnets is of fundamental interest in condensed matter physics as it offers a new frontier of the understanding deep connections between multiple degrees of freedom, including magnetic orders, symmetries, and band geometric properties. Antiferromagnetic topological insulator MnBi${_2}$Te${_4}...

The emergence of charge-neutral fermionic excitations in magnetic systems is one of the unresolved issues in recent condensed matter physics. This type of excitations has been observed in various systems, such as low-dimensional quantum spin liquids, Kondo insulators, and antiferromagnetic insulators. Here, we report the presence of a pronounced ga...