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I am trying to conceptualize a topic on radon monitoring in the Philippines and I am still thinking if using CR-39 detector is enough or should I incorporate the usage of the RAD7 real-time monitor for radon? Thank you.
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yes. But it depensd how long you want measure Radon concentrations...for very short time, 1-2 weeksm the active monitor is ok, but for a long time, some months, to avoid the instruments shut down or other problems...
Normally I use the active monitor to find hot-spot or to check the radon concentration in a short time ( 1 week for example) to verify the remediation activities from high Radon concentrations.
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Hello everyone I am writing a literature review/conceptual paper with an objective of Highlighting the research gap and future agenda. I want to add value in argument and debate with some quantitative information that's why I am seeking for any analysis or methodology to use on previous results and then writing about the trends or gap. Please mention some of the analysis tools and methods for this purpose
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Use Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) framework
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Respected Sir/Madam,
Just I wanna a discussion on the topic that how we can use the Conceptual Framework in Pharmacy practice research or Clinical pharmacy research? is there any books, references, articles or any comprehensive discussions on it?
Thanks and kind regards
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Dear colleque,
Thank you very much for intresting question.
I shoud inform you that I have the book only related with pediatric disseases because I am pediatration and delivered lectures, but my articles research related with Clinical Pharmacology because of my interest in this field of medicine.
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What is the Conceptual Understanding of Mathematical Concepts? How you can define this Idea?
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Dear Mohammad A. Tashtoush,
In order to understand mathematical concepts, you need to focus on physical geometry, try to convert/formulate it into mathematical codes, modelling or input to output representations. Mathematical Models/equations/functions are nothing but behaves like physical scale/balance for measuring masses or volumes etc.
In general, it takes a lot of time and motivation to understand mathematical concepts. Once you reach that level, you will imagine that everything for recognition, visualization, computation, realization etc need MATHEMATICS.
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Glass forming ability and critical cooling rate in bulk metallic glasses
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In metallic glasses, as in other not-very-stable glasses in which homogeneous nucleation dominates, one can understand the relationship between glass forming ability and critical cooling rate by referring to the well-known T-T-T (time-temperature-transformation) curve. A good place to learn about it is D. Turnbull's seminal 1969 article,
Under What Conditions Can a Glass Be Formed?
  • September 1969, Contemporary Physics 10(5):473-488
  • DOI: 10.1080/00107516908204405
However it doesn't seem to be available for free, except for the abstract.
Please refer instead to the helpful example attached below (from Missouri S&T):
As you can see, the T-T-T curves (two are shown) represent the relative crystallinity reached at various times and temperatures. There is a region - often referred in literature as the "nose" of the curve (always pointing left) - in which the probability of crystallization is maximal. At higher temperatures the driving force toward nucleation is smaller, so fewer nuclei form and many of them redissolve before they have a chance to grow; at lower temperatures the driving force is higher but the process is slower because of increased viscosity (or if you wish diffusion rate).
In the example shown, cooling curve "a" (lower slope) crosses at least the 1 ppm crystallization curve and probably will cross the 1% curve as well with continued cooling. The "b" curve is what you might call the critical rate (with respect to 1 ppm crystallization): the transformation has about even probabilities of happening and not happening. Cooling curve "c" represents cooling that is fast enough to avoid crystallization altogether
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I'm looking to do research utilizing (STOC) as a conceptual framework for a qualitative study. Was wondering if anyone knew of other research that used the same framework that had a sample interview guide that explored the various stages.
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Most welcome! Improving strategic decision-making with evidence-based management: A public sector case study. You'll find it easiest at rayoung.academia.edu. Let me know if I can assist.
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Hello everyone!
I have a question regarding the conceptual/theoretical framework for qualitative research.
I know that you have to use the existing literature or theory to make a framework, but I was wondering if you can use only 3 concepts out of four concepts from one research.
For example, a key concept is why organizations form partnerships. Regarding this, one research discussed about four motives of why organizations form partnerships. In this case, can I use only three motives for my framework?
Also, another study suggested two other motivations. can I combine them with the one above?
Thank you in advance, and I will wait for your insights!
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In qualitative research, the extent to which you use a theoretical framework depends on how exploratory your study is. Often, you want to minimize your preconceptions, so you try to avoid using prior theory to structure your own data collection and analysis. In other cases, you may want to rely on broad concepts (e.g., partnership in this case), but not base your approach on the specifics that were used in previous studies.
The bottom line is that you have to clarify the purposes of your study, and then use that as a basis for selecting the degree to which you want to engage with the literature before you enter the field.
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Dear colleagues
in contrast to the traditional approaches to validity, the argument-based approach emphasized the claims rather than the constructs. do you think this shift from constructs to claims makes the validation process more practical, and abstract or tangible in conceptualization?
Your ideas are highly appreciated
Sincerely
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Validity basically evaluates whether a measure assesses what it is supposed or intended to measure, so there could be various subjective, intersubjective and objective means of assessing validity, via numbers. words, comparisons, ratings using argument, meditation, concepts, constructs etc., the more varying the means the more valid, accurate and realistic the validity of truth claims, probability, statistical significance etc. If the choice of approach/method fits the problem, issue or event being investigated, then optimal validity evaluation should accrue.
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Hello experts, Seniors, and fellows, kindly help me on this.
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Thank you Kevin Agina Onyango for the interesting question and all professors for the valuable answers.
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Teacher trainees are placed in schools for their professional learning experiences (internship, or practicum experiences). What really do they learn from their teacher mentors and from the school environment? I would like to have a conceptual framework of such learning experiences on the field of teaching.
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Thank you, Eric Ofosu-Dwamena, for the excellent question and all professors' valuable answers.
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I am studying child-adult differences in how EMG's mean power frequency (MPF) changes as a function of relative (%) time to exhaustion. The best-fit function for each of these relationships was found to be a 3rd-order polynomial and each relationship comprise ~200 data points.
How do I find whether and to what extent the two functions are ststistically different from each other?
(The problem appears to be conceptually simple, but apparently nobody in my academic institution seems to know how to analyze that)
Thanks in advance!
Raffy Dotan
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I had the same problem with intraclass correlation coefficient. You can use this (is in spanish). https://mathcracker.com/es/calculadora-comparar-correlaciones-muestrales#results
References - Comparing Correlated Correlation Coefficients - Meng el tal 1992
Current Research and Statistical Practices in Sport Science and a Need for Change - Bernards et al 2017
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I am developing a conceptual framework from literature and logical reasoning.
The framework is validated through interviews and then tested through surveys.
I am confused:
1. Do I mention that I developed the conceptual model with interviews BEFORE my methodology chapter, knowing I must provide my research questions at that stage, which is the standard sequencing?
or
2. Do I simply propose the research questions first, followed by the methodology, then the interviews which will feed into the conceptual model after the methodoloy?
My confusion is that the methodology is mentioning the interviews, yet I have conducted those early-on to develop the model.
I hope my answer is clear!
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Conceptually a qualitative study cannot have a conceptual framework, though people do it now a days.
Conceptual framework is primarily a part of a quantitative Study.
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I've been using GMAT in my free time to optimize trajectories, and have varied burn component values and spacecraft states, usually with success. The vary command in GMAT, with the Yukon optimizer that I am using, has the following parameters that can be changed:
  • Initial value: The initial guess. I know the gradient descent optimization method that GMAT uses is very sensitive to initial conditions and so this must be feasible or reasonably close.
  • Perturbation: The step size used to calculate the finite difference derivative.
  • Max step: The maximum allowed change in the control variable during a single iteration of the solver.
  • Additive scale factor: Number used to nondimensionalize the independent variable. This is done with the equation xn = m (xd + a), where xn is the non-dimensional parameter, xd is the dimensional parameter and this parameter is a.
  • Multiplicative scale factor: Same as above, but it's the variable d in the equation.
For the initial value, I can usually see when my chosen value is feasible by observing the solver window or a graphical display of the orbit in different iterations. The max step is the most intuitive of these parameters for me, and by trial and error, observation of the solver window and how sensitive my target variables are to changes in the control variables I can usually get it right and get convergence. It is still partially trial and error though.
However, I do not understand the effect of the other parameters on the optimization. I read a bit about finite difference and nondimensionalization/rescaling, and I think I understand them conceptually, but I still don't understand what values they have to be to get an optimal optimization process.
This is especially a problem now because I have started to vary epochs (TAIModJulian usually) or time intervals (e.g. "travel for x days" and find optimal x, or to find optimal launch windows), and I cannot get the optimizer to vary them properly, even when I use a large step size. The optimizer usually stays close to the initial values, and eventually leads to a non-convergence message.
I have noticed that using large values for the two scale factors sometimes gives me larger step sizes and occasionally what I want, but it's still trial and error. As far as perturbation goes, I do not understand its influence on how the optimization works. Sometimes for extremely small values I get array dimension errors, sometimes for very large values I get similar results to if I'm using too large a max step size, and that's about it. I usually use 1e-5 to 1e-7 and it seems to work most of the time. Unfortunately information on the topic seems sparse, and from what I can tell GMAT's documentation uses different terminology for these concepts than what I can find online.
So I guess my question is two-fold: how to understand the optimization parameters of GMAT and what they should be in different situations, and what should they be when I want GMAT to consider a wide array of possible trajectories with different values of control variables, especially when those control variables are epochs or time intervals? Is there a procedure or automatic method that takes into account the scale of the optimization problem and its sensitivity, and gives an estimate of what the optimization parameters should be?
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Not sure what you are looking for but I think you can use Automatic Differentiation libraries like #Casadi #yulmip, I prefer Casadi, because it is easy to use, you can simply define your objective function and your constraints
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Family Systems Theory by Murray Bowen is a specific approach which takes familial functioning into account. I am interested in how the concepts present in it will translate into a South Asian (or, to be more precise, the collectivistic framework of Pakistan) context? For instance, Bowen's theory is based on an understanding of nuclear family systems but how would it apply in the case of a joint family? In a culture where parents might be dependent on the views of the community in terms of bringing up children, how would Bowen's theories translate exactly (for instance, if they have a disabled child)? For example, what is the difference between Bowen's concepts of relationships between generations and the kinds that might emerge owing to different generations living under the same roof and with their extended family members as well?
Let's say, for instance, that it is not merely parents but also other members of the family such as extended family members or grandparents who either counsel children on "appropriate conduct" or even express disapproval and view it as appropriate behavior culturally. How do Murray's concepts such as "Differentiation" change in a cultural sense in that case just as one example out of many possible ones? In a culture where "adulthood" and transition towards it might exist in a legal sense but might not be necessarily viewed as "important" even for parental figures (for instance, even if children cross the age of 18, parents do not try to treat their children as "adults"), how would Bowen's concepts change? I am not talking in terms of applying these concepts therapeutically, but, in terms of how they might be applicable in a conceptual sense.
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Bowen is from Pittsburgh which is not far where I reside. I am quite familiar with his ides.
Family is a crucial social unit. The subsystems are: sibling, parental and marital.
Siblings can have ready access to the parental subsystem but not the marital.
This is triangulation and the clinician must assist the couple to reduce it.
Rich
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Hiiii, experts,
I am recently writing a manuscript for publication; however, I stuck in writing methodology because some guidelines suggest that I should include conceptual and operational definition in this section even though I do not think so.
I want to ask, does any of you will put conceptual and operational definition, both of which are supposed to be in the section 2: literature review, in methodology section?
I look forward to listen to different school of thoughts.
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Yes, if the concepts have emerged from your analysis they are defined in the methodology.
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I am looking for some free tools which can assist me with drawing my conceptual framework.
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Hi everyone, I am currently working on several articles focused on social media influencers. I am interested in the similarities and differences between the emerging literature on influencers and the traditional long standing research on celebrity endorsements in advertising.
Two questions for you.
What are some of the best definitions of a celebrity (outside of Kamins (1989)?
What is the best definition of a social media influencers?
I am more invested in citations and published definitions than in conceptual discussions.
Thanks
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Celebrity is one of social media influencers.
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What is the Conceptual Understanding of Systems of Linear Equations ? What its the Difficulties During Solving Applied Economics, Physics, Engineering Problems? Recently I am working a paper in this field, but I can't find any studies for this area.
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You're welcome Mohammad A. Tashtoush and thanks for recommendation!
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Agriculture is known to provide various innovations from time -to -time , but in the process , we sometimes land in no man's land, and often try to take agriculture to backfoot so miserably in mad rush for improvement . Like that , there is one concept called Zero Budget Natural Farming , dont know , what is the base to advocate this concept, often under the garb of Organic Farming , though both are quite different concepts and work on entirely different premises. Here are some clarifications requested to our collagues for their responses :
* What is the working premise of zero budget natural farming ?
* What is the need of advocating such concept of farming amidst conventional farming?
* Are we not in a position to sustain the current trend of sustainability agriculture and need to bring such concept having hardly any scientific base?
* Has this concept been ever evaluated in a scientific and time frame manner?
* How do you see the future of zero budget farming ?
* Can it be conceptually sustainable?
Like that , you go on adding .....
Your repsonses, please....
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Zero-budget natural farming (ZBNF), popularised by Maharashtrian agriculturist and Padma Shri recipient Subhash Palekar, refers to the process of raising crops without using chemical fertilisers and pesticides or any other external materials.
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I found about previous studies conducted on the conceptual understanding in Mathematics, exactly in the area of Systems of Linear Equations to Solve Live Contexts Problems ?
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What about the following basic definition:
The conceptual understanding is the knowledge that includes an understanding of mathematical concepts, terms, symbols and an awareness of the various relationships, ideas that are linked to each other by a close network of links and relationships that lead to a deep understanding of the mathematical concept
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I have a well-described planning problem at a conceptual level, and I know how to model it on software. However, I do not precisely know how to sufficiently document the discrete-event simulation model, which is the result in this case. For instance, do I need to describe the underlying deterministic model mathematically first? I appreciate any suggestion for a guide in regards to this issue. Leaving a comment with a reference for a good paper that does the same helps handsomely. Ideally, your example addresses a capacity planning problem.
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Hello Mr Hafez, i have a paper that presents the results of a simulation. What i did is first explain the basics of my simulation, for example the map, map size, i had sources of cars so I added their explanations and a mathematical protocol of connection. You can also put the mathematical problem that you solve even before in the introduction and has a small detailed text from the state of the art.
Then i began presenting the variations and cases of my simulations and each one with its algorithm. Then the results of my simulations and discussion.
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Is there any difference between "Conceptual Model" and "Conceptual Framework"?
Although I know there are notable differences between framework and model in general, I am not sure if there is a significant difference between "conceptual model" and "conceptual framework" in research.
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Here is an article that focuses on understanding a Conceptual Framework:
Perhaps it can help us understand the two.
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How can we link our newly developed research 'conceptual framework' to an already established 'theoretical framework'? Is there any guideline or manual for that? What's your thinking about this matter? Is that necessary to crossmatch your research idea to an established theory to explain the study's more significant impact or outcome?
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Your research should be underpinned by the existing theoretical framework/s. However, when you apply the framework via your instrument and collect neccesary data and thereafter various statistical testing, the results will determine the most applicable and/or significant constructs of the framework in 'your study'. This will then allow you to plot your conceptual framework based the results of your study.
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What are the different stages of 'Conceptual development' or 'Conceptual Evolution'? Kindly provide references to the literature. Thanks
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Hi Faraz Khurshid,
In my opinion, difficulties with scientific concepts are often due to inappropriate science curricula.
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Hello everyone,
I am working on my qualifying exam. I want to employ qualitative Delphi study to elicit educators opinion on
what engineering concepts should be included in K-12 education. For the qualitative analyses, instead of using thematic analysis, is it appropriate to use grounded theory because my overarching aim is to develop a conceptual framework which shed light on the aspects of engineering. My research question: What nature aspects of engineering are considered to be important for K-12 science education by science and engineering educators? Thanks.
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Hello, please take a look at this research. These statistical coefficients are used for determining the conformity or reliability of experts' evaluations, and the Kendall coefficient with a value greater than or equal to 0.7 was considered as the stopping index for the procedure of the Delphi method.
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A conceptual framework is the researcher’s idea on how the research problem will have to be explored. This is founded on the theoretical framework, which lies on a much broader scale of resolution. The theoretical framework dwells on time tested theories that embody the findings of numerous investigations on how phenomena occur.
The theoretical framework provides a general representation of relationships between things in a given phenomenon. The conceptual framework, on the other hand, embodies the specific direction by which the research will have to be undertaken. Statistically speaking, the conceptual framework describes the relationship between specific variables identified in the study. It also outlines the input, process and output of the whole investigation. The conceptual framework is also called the research paradigm.
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How to create a theoretical framework for social science research?
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This paper is not a primary research. The conceptual model was developed from the results of a systematic on the topic.
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This topic is very important to me...! (Issues of patient safety/identification, improved care quality and so on...)
I know there's a journal called "Journal of Patient Safety" and one called "Patient Safety".
I know that there is a journal called "BMJ Quality and Safety".. . I am also aware of journals called "Journal of Health Care Risk Management" and "International Journal for Quality in Health Care". I have also heard of one called "Implementation Science"... Would anything like that be suitable?
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I am doing qualitative research for my DBA thesis, it is based on multiple cases from same industry and I am willing to do thematic analysis for it. Further to that I have three models in my conceptual framework which I am using in the study. one of my friends has suggested me to either take one model and use multiple cases or to use multiple models and one case to conduct thematic analysis. however, my previous supervisor did not mentioned to me anything like that and I have change of supervisor now and she is confused the way I am conducting my research. I would like some help if someone can explain to me that if I can do thematic analysis for multiple cases by using three models complementing each other in conceptual framework.
thanks
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Triangulation can be conducted by using different methodologies. A suggestion is using thematic analysis where the first set is inductive; you conduct data exploration, though it can be informed by a conceptual model. The second model could test the first and look for divergence. If you have a third case study, you might collect the data differently and use a different method, such as quantitative. By doing this, you are using mixed methods.
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OSI Model (Open Systems Interconnection) is a conceptual framework used to describe the functions of a networking system
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Cryptographic encryption can provide confidentiality at several layers of the OSI model. For example, network layer protocols, such as the IPsec protocol suite, provide network layer confidentiality. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) or Transport Layer Security (TLS), provide session layer confidentiality. MD5, Keyed MD5, and Secure Hash Algorithm 1 are examples of hash functions. They provide data integrity but not data confidentiality.
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I am actually identifying the most appropriate framework (conceptual or theoretical) to my study on leadership styles of school principals. As I am in the initial stages of my dissertation, posting this question could help me finalize a clear foundation of my research and establish firm beliefs and assumptions that will help me form a strong structure and vision.
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Hi Michael,
There are numerous types of leadership and traits. In educational leadership and policy studies, a growing body of literature has discussed transformative leadership that can be useful to view institutional change. Also, there are some ethical issues involving leadership positions. Thus, scholars also consider pragmatic leadership how leaders should negotiate with moral dilemmas and adopt the best solutions to maximize the effectiveness of strategic planning. It is depending on the research questions. Yet, in practice, soft skills of leadership are prominent conceptual maps to view interpersonal and group communication as well.
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Gerontology is a data rich subject. Considering its interdisciplinary role, why most of the gerontologists are inclined towards research focusing on the p-value, instead of working on conceptual articles? Any feedback is welcome.
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Thanks for sharing the link. Since Birren (1999) mentioned Gerontological research as "data rich but theory poor," many scholars emphasize its theoretical values than in earlier days. We should (indicating the top-tier journals) continue to support researchers who place higher values on conceptual articles to flourish the interdisciplinary nature of Gerontology.
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Hii, I am looking for reading recommendations on the common challenges of projects that intend to implement the nexus approach. If you know any project that is developing projects with the conceptualization of the nexus approach is much appreciated. kind regards
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References on water-food nexus in the arid region are provided within the projects:
NATIONAL WATER SECURITY | Jamel Chahed | Research Project (researchgate.net)
THE HOLISTIC WATER BALANCE: BLUE, GREEN & VIRTUAL WATER | Jamel Chahed | Research Project (researchgate.net)
WATER MANAGEMENT AND GOVERNANCE | Jamel Chahed | 6 publications | Research Project (researchgate.net)
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What are the conceptual bases for personalised nutrition?
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Agree with Deshmukh
I would include some othre ideas related to: reponses, intraindividual variabilitiy, taste, enjoyable, pleasure
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The theory of social capital in the social sciences is well developed, considering not only sociology, but also political science and economics. However, in the modern world, which is called the period of formation and development of digital society, the question arises as to whether digital capital can exist? As a form of social capital, as a structure that reproduces social inequalities, as a mechanism for the institutionalization of social (and maybe digital?) Relations. What do you think about it? And how can digital capital be conceptualized in sociology?
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The operationalization of digital capital is crucial in order to research digital inequalities. Digital capital, according to the definitions of leading authors in the field of digital sociology, agrees very well with Bourdieu's analytical focus on how capitals convert into each other, which may explain how new forms are being created inequalities or maintain existing ones. As for concrete case studies in the digital sphere, digital capital offers some handy theoretical tools that are more appropriate and specific than classical Bourdieu notions such as habitus or cultural capital. Changing the nature of the Internet and modern technologies requires both flexible theoretical concepts, and existing one's definitions and conceptualizations of digital capital can serve as a potential response to challenges of digital case studies. However, digital capital needs to be further expanded to include elements of digital culture precisely because it could adequately encompass online culture and digital products, such as online memes that are becoming increasingly popular and diverse. Recent works dealing with digital inequalities in Europe and the world show that digital inequalities in many countries can be perceived through the same social factors.
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It has become the demand of the time to prepare such global learners who possess a high level of awareness and consciousness. They are equipped with the abilities to well understand their own emotions, thinking pattern, and personality. This is the concept of meta-cognition. This sort of persons are most likely to understand the critical needs of the world to work with multiple problems of humanities. Kindly discuss if there are latest developed such framework for developing among learners meta-cognitive skills and abilities.
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This is a provocatively interesting question, with various implications, global, local, educational, political, psychological, environmental, etc. These implications include philosophical issues as to the relevance of education for that particular place and time. Then as you imply there are practical issues of education for the workplace, the needs of the individual, family, community, region, country, and planet. These implications will impact on whatever. These considerations argue for local community stakeholders themselves developing conceptual frameworks that are globally and locally relevant.
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Theory/ies can be used to form a framework/ model. But how they can be used for developing conceptual framework?
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Conceptual framework is not drawn directly from the theories. It is derived from different application of theories. To draw a conceptual framework you need to review quantitative studies alongwith qualitative works and theories.
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I would like to know how multiple theories can be fused/integrated to come up with a new theoretical framework/model which I would like to use as a basis for further conceptual framework
Are there any standard methods of doing that? like how there are ways of integrating various psychotherapy models.
Thanks
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thank you for your responses António Brandão Moniz Ronald Yesudhas
is there a way to non-empirically validate the new integrated theory built from these methods. Like based on expert validitation?
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Is it possible to create Knowledge Graph without creating ontology (conceptualization domain of discourse) ?
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If a KG was not built based on a previous modeled formal ontology, entity types, entity properties and entity relations can be defined based on an implicit schema.
As new data is added, types, properties and relations can be discovered and added to the schema, in a schemaless (or schema later) approach.
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I'm doing empirical research on GSCM practices and their impact on the triple bottom line. I'm struggling to find an excellent theory to build my conceptual framework. In many research on GSCM or sustainable practices on organisational performance, I have seen RBV and Stakeholder theory being used. However, I'm still struggling to grasp the relationship and context of those theories and am not convinced.
Any support or suggestion in this regard is greatly appreciated.
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Thank you Pavlo!
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I am carrying out a research on science self efficacy and meta variables as correlates of biology achievement among secondary school students
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Dear network,
I am working on a paper the goal of which is to show explanatory benefits of the philosophical action theory in the field of management (abridged version: ).
The paper is almost ready, but to position it a little bit better, I need more references to important conceptual papers about the idea of action (or about centrality thereof) in the field of management and organizations.
Besides the literature on routines - any other good examples?
Thanks in advance.
piotr
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I'm doing my research on modelling of barriers (limitations) and determinants (social constraints) of maize farmers' adoption of adaptation options to curb the negative impacts of CVC (climate variability and change) using the MNL model.
For the results of the MNL regression model, I'm using the assumptions of IIA (the Hausman test), the VIF, and the contingency coefficient that need deep result interpretation.
But in the STATA software, both the terms contingency coefficient and correlation coefficient appear, of course with different values.
What is the conceptual difference between the contingency coefficient and correlation coefficient? What best example do we have to differentiate them for better understanding?
THANK YOU SO MUCH!!!
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Alem Redda that’s why they are called independent
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There are different definitions and references for these two types of thinking. However, the research that has been carried out and that is being disseminated common points and, in many cases, many differences. Since Torrance and Ennis it has evolved conceptually. How are we in 2020?
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Dear Dr. Vieira!
You spotted a relevant topic. May I argue that critical thinking is an essential tool for any university student and researcher whereas creative thinking is about innovating critical thinking. In so I argue that these two segments of thinking are embedded in each other into certain extent. COVID-19 has increased the need to link the two types of thinking:
1) A case-study: Georgiou, A., Li, J., Pearce, C. et al. COVID-19: protocol for observational studies utilizing near real-time electronic Australian general practice data to promote effective care and best-practice policy—a design thinking approach. Health Res Policy Sys 19, 122 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-021-00772-4 Open access:
2) Papanagnou D, Jaffe R, Ziring D. Highlighting a curricular need: Uncertainty, COVID-19, an health systems science. Health Sci Rep. 2021;4:e363.
May I argue that COVID-19 forces us humans to be all the time critical and creative to find new treatments for people suffering from novel emerging variants of this virus. Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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Dear all,
I was expecting as usual general negative effect between trust(conceptualized) and perceived risk(conceptualized). however the the path coefficient is positive and significant in SmartPLS. I am confused, how can i explain it? what could be the reasons?
however, perceived risk and intention have negative effect as expected.
TIA
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Kapil Gurung it is always difficult to test a model with positive and negative variables and the most relevant reason can be the way a negative construct is measured. Historical validity of a questionnaire, proven by credible literature, helps a researcher in using a negative measure. In your case, though paths are significant, Perceived risk is neither an Effective predictor of Intention (8%) nor is an Effective Mediator (2%) between Trust and Intention. Your respondents might give negligible weightage to Risk in using using AirBnB. Age group and Gender might be significant covariates in your study as well.
Try to use Perceived Risk as a Moderator on the positive relationships of your study. Tq.
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Your constructive remarks, comments, suggestions are welcome.
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Well, thank you for your important question and forink the different responses. I think that adding a coauthor implies that s/he has contributed in a way or another to data-collection, data-analysis, or the improvement of the quality of the paper. However, some researchers write their papers individually, and agree that they add each other's names in order to increase their publication record and score. It is important to note here that this kind of research behaviour may differ from one culture to another depending on ethical issues, convictions, conflict of interest, trust, etc.
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My dissertation is on analysing particular processes/technology for the specific field and my suggestions for improvement.
  • What are the challenges if my study uses a descriptive research approach through a narrative review using thematic analysis?
  • Does it come under a theoretical or conceptual framework?
  • Any suggestion on alternative research methods that can be done in a short time?
N.B. I am new to research and sorry if I mentioned anything wrong.
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secondary sources become important if the study contribute to previous literature. It all depends on your research questions or objectives.
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In the execution of the disjoint two-stage approach, in the first stage, the lower order sub-constructs of the higher-order endogenous construct (Formative-formative) are to be considered in the model. The lower-order sub-constructs are to be connected directly to the other conceptually related constructs of the theoretical model. And then we need to run the PLS Algorithm to get the latent variable scores of these sub-constructs. Is this the right way to get the latent variable scores ??
After that, to validate the formative lower-order constructs, the three-step process needs to be followed- redundancy analysis, collinearity assessment, checking the size and significance of the outer weights.
Please correct me if I am wrong at any of the above steps.
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Thank you so much Shahedul Hasan
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How can I do a validity test for this conceptual framework and how can I interpret the data, if it is valid or not? Other than that, I have done a pilot test with 20 respondents, are they enough to do a validity test or I have to wait for sample? I have access to SPSS and AMOS. Any method recommendation using these two software will be appreciated.
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For the pilot test, I believe it is best if you can obtain (25-30) samples to evaluate the (Cronbach's Alpha) using SPSS. Villasini Velautham.
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Based on my reading, there are some students who put the theoretical and conceptual framework in the literature review chapter. In my case, is it recommended to put it under the chapter of research methodology?
Thank you.
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A theoretical framework belongs at the start of the literature or at the start of a theme within the literature review. A conceptual framework is based on the findings of the review and often provides a visual map for the data collection. It can therefore either be placed at the end of the review or at the start of the methodology.
For the distinction between the two, please see:
Varpio, L., Paradis, E., Uijtdehaage, S., & Young, M. (2020). The distinctions between theory, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework. Academic Medicine, 95(7), 989-994.
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Some of the health science disciplines are very keen on adopting conceptual framework in their thesis/dissertation. This has been used for both quantitative and qualitative studies. But, not all health science researchers are interested in it. Why is it so?
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Without a conceptual framework that links a) core theories with b) key concepts and with c) all of your research questions / hypotheses in the study it's not sound research.
Many researchers / students avoid it, though, because it is a lot of work to develop a substantial and consistent conceptual framework.
You should definitely go for one in your research. Good luck!
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After picking out key broad themes under a given topic of inquiry, is it okay to build a proposed conceptual framework before the data collection starts (which is reflected in my research questions and interview guide) and then build on specific themes under those broad themes as the data collection unfolds? Or would such an approach create bias in the study as I have already identified key themes and would ask the respondents questions in and around those themes? For example- In a study trying to understand the key factors at the individual, societal, and institutional level which contribute to unmet needs/ barriers to care for HIV patients in India, is it okay to categorize themes into- individual, societal, and institutional levels and ask questions on those? Or should I go for data collection with no such structure in mind?
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What you describe is very similar to the method I have developed under the heading, "Iterative Thematic Inquiry."
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I have a series of six studies in which all the stimuli and independent variables (conditions in the experiment) are the same but the DV in the experiments are different. For half of the experiments we collected RT as the DV and the other half are eye-tracking studies where the proportion of trials in which participants looked at a distractor stimulus is the DV. I am keen to pool the participant level data into one big mega-analysis where the difference between condition A vs. B could be compared, despite these being different measures. Conceptually the DVs are related (so looking more at stimulus A vs. B leads to slower RT on condition A vs B) but obviously one is a proportion ranging from 0-1 and the other is a RT measure (400-800 ms).
I am wondering how people would approach this analysis? One option I believe would be to standardize (z score) each individual participant's data and then compare responding on condition A to condition B across all participants? RT data is not normally distributed however plus I also believe that this would remove any between-subjects differences. Ideally I would like to compare performance on condition A to condition B, whilst taking into account higher-level factors such as the experiment type (e.g., ET vs RT).
Thoughts appreciated.
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Thank you both, I was not aware of Min/Max Normalization but this does look like a better approach than z scoring. Simply assigning effects as +1/-1 is also a potential way for me to do follow-up between group analyses - thank you!
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I am trying to write my first research which is a qualitative study based on only secondary data (action research) . I have a difficulty with building a theoretical/conceptual framework
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I'm not sure if I understand it right - you need to have a framework for studying impact but what do you mean with impact? If it's more about personal experience than IPA or some Hermeneutical analysis would be your go to. For example Pietkiewicz and Smith published an article with IPA guidelines, that's probably a good starting point.:
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Scientists and engineers solve physical and mathematical models containing tens and hundreds of SI variables, and take into account a larger number of potential effects of interaction between them, using super-powerful computers and developed advanced mathematical methods. But this requires significant time and financial resources. In addition, with the current rapid development of science, the situation with the identification of truly revolutionary discoveries is complicated by the complexity of their identification (the idea of ​​incommensurability of scientific theories): supporters of each paradigm see the world in their own way because of their scientific training and previous experience. They use a different conceptual framework and different ideas about scientific standards.
Is there a limit to our knowledge?
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Your remark : " A tool is only as good as the person using it."
For me it is difficult not agree with you.
At the same time, I would like to put your attention once more on ONE point:
Person (scientist, engineer, observer, he or she) formulates his vision of the physical pnenomena basing on his knowledge, life experience and intuition - one can say - phylosophical opinion.
As a physical-mathematical tool for formulating a model, he uses different variables from any system of units (SI, SGS, Plank system and so on.). There is no other way.
My problem (and I try to convince scientific society) is:
If any system of units consists of the finite number of variables (read my articles) and a model includes the finite amount information (read Del Santo, F., & Gisin, N. (2019) Physics without determinism: Alternative interpretations of classical physics. Phys. Rev. A, 100, 1–9.
there is the initial inevitable blurring of the object that is being studied by the observer.
This explains the impracticability of achieving infinite precision!
Do you agree with this ???
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I want to develop the TSPCK-based instruction to teach a pre-service teachers and study its impact on the conceptual understanding and motivations.
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Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is defined as the knowledge that discriminates a chemistry teacher from a chemist by Shulman who coined the PCK term. There is rich and deep literature on PCK. I mean, there are many different aspects of PCK that researchers have been working on. Regarding topic-specific PCK, in the PCK literature, Veal and MaKinster (1999) proposed the General taxonomy of PCK. In that taxonomy, there are general PCK (i.e., for teaching science or history), domain-specific PCK (i.e., for chemistry or biology teaching), and topic-specific PCK (i.e., for teaching a topic under a science domain such as teaching redox reactions). In the PCK literature, PCK has been defined as topic-specific, which means that teaching chemical equilibrium requires different knowledge and skills from teaching gas laws. My dissertation is about the comparison of experienced chemistry teachers' PCK for teaching different chemistry topics. The paper published from my dissertation is entitled 'Examination of the topic-specific nature of pedagogical content knowledge in teaching electrochemical cells and nuclear reactions'. I hope it would be useful for your work.
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Conceptualizing a Research topic binding materials and space structures (architecture), Artificial intelligence and human health (astronaut) health in microgravity/ Mars.
I have presently thought of enhanced gravity-based architectures aiding astronaut health constructed by robonauts on Mars.
Let me know your views.
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Yes, a rotating structure in space could indeed mitigate some of the bad gravitational effects. But a rotating structure in a grounded or "gravity-based" architecture surely would have problems of scale that would render it impracticable for a structure of habitat size, no?
But who knows? It's still early days....
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Hello, how can be written in the following parts of my academic research proposal paper?
1. Introduction
(a) Background to the study
(b) Statement of the problem
(c) Aim of the study
(d) Specific objectives
(e) Significant of the study
(f) Theoretical/Conceptual Framework
Thanks in advance for your help.
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In other words you want people to do the job for you without giving us the slightest idea on how you would approach the problem or any ideas on the topic. It doesn't work like that, this is not serious! And by the way this is strange to ask what are the effects of gendered land tenure on women, you should ask what are the effects of gendered land tenure on society in general, or for you society doesn't exist any more...(there is only individuals or maybe only women...I don't know)
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While searching RoL (reviews) related with my PhD research topic, I have seen various blogs and web pages relevant with my study. Can we cite them as well in our thesis?
if yes, pl. suggest the citation and referencing style.
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Prof. Leena Chauhan: I think that there is no problem if you cite that properly.
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Hi,
I am a doctoral scholar working on B2B marketing. During a Systematic Literature Review of a B2B topic, I had a finding wherein, more than 40% of the research papers in reputed journals were conceptual in nature.
Can you pls help me to understand, what does this finding mean....
Thanks in Advance.
With Regards,
Bharath
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@Bharathanand here's a document talks about the protocol for conducting systematic literature review. Hope I would help you.
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Hello Everyone.
I`m conducting an exploratory mixed methods research. In the first phase of the research, participants in the interviews reported that trust affects their willingness to use an online communities. In the second phase of the research, when I used an online survey to test the model by using a larger sample, the results showed that the effect of trust on the relationship between participants` willingness to use online communities and their real using of online communities is not significant. Now, I am not sure how to interpret, explain, and report this non significant moderation effect in my thesis. Any advice or references is much appreciated.
Regards,
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David L Morgan Thanks for your contribution to the discussion. It was really helpful.
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In descriptive research is it a must to have a conceptual framework, do we need to have variables? do we need hypotheses?
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Not really, conceptual frameworks are based on researchers choice and if its part of your research aims and objectives. If its not, then you dont need to. However, its not difficult to do in any event. Its actually exciting and yes can be applied to descriptive studies.
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Recently, I read that we do not validate the questionnaire, but the scores obtained through this questionnaire. So is it wrong the papers with the title"Validation of the XXXXXX questionnaire"?
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Early in my career I encountered Anne Anastasi's book "Psychological Testing". I was struck, and have remained impressed all my life, by her thought that a "questionnaire is a sample of behaviour". That is, a questionnaire is a *sample* from which the analyst makes predictions about the *ensemble* of behaviours the respondent may be said to exhibit. It makes complete sense therefore to investigate the ability of a questionnaire to allow the prediction to be made with validity (does the sample really measure the ensemble of interest?) and reliability (does the sample fluctuate at random?) Using unvalidated questionnaires is, as I used to drone to my dear students till they knew this lesson, pseudo-science and snake-oil. As in all inferential statistics, the actual *data* (in the original question, "the scores") is an accident that has just taken place. What the investigator wants to know is: what does the accident tell us ("the questionnaire")? Welcome to the wonderful world of Psychometrics!
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Hi there
As a corrosion engineer, it was so interesting for me to compare SCC (Stress Corrosion Cracking) and SSC (Sulfide Stress Cracking).
One of the most characteristic differences between these two cracking mechanism is their mechanism from electrochemical conceptual point of view, so that one of them follows cathodic cracking mechanism and the other follows anodic cracking mechanism. In SCC mechanism, there is always an anodic reaction in which the surface of the metal corrodes at a weak point and corroded point or area plays an anodic area compared to the other surface area, and combination of the corrosion and stress concentration in corroded area ends in a rapid cracking phenomenon. While in SSC damage mechanism, it is a cathodic cracking mechanism which initiates this cracking phenomenon. Would you exactly explain:
1- What would happen in SSC mechanism ?
And
2- What conditions need to be present in wet H2S containing acidic solutions with pH of less than 4 to experience SSC phenomenon ?
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Dear Askar,
As we know SCC is a high chloride content and SSC is a hydrogen embrittlement cathodic charging in the presence of sulfide. SSC is generally limited to steels. Unlike SCC, there is no requirement for a corrosion pit to serve as an initiator; crack can be initiated withing the bulk metal itself and propagating crack need to be connected to the exterior surface. In SCC, a pit could possibly present a stress-riser of sufficient magnitude to initiate a crack.
Ashish
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The reform in the education sector includes shifting accountability for student learning to schools and having periodic school evaluations. As inspection is mostly for accountability purposes, my research will be on how school staff perceive internal review and whether this exercise has the potential to contribute to capacity building which will help sustain school improvement. My query is on the research questions and the conceptual and theoretical framework as well as the gaps in the literature that I might explore.
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Hi everyone!
I want to do a systematic literature review on sustainability, how do companies collaborate, how they work together.
1. Now, do I need to have a theoretical framework? Like should I look at the data collected from the literature with some form of theory? like Institutional, resource-based, or SD logic?
2. I want to see how companies work together with my own eyes and interpretation and not from other literature reviews, can I exclude all conceptual papers and only look at empirical papers such as case studies or surveys?
3. Can I be picky with journal grade A, B or so?
4. To study what happened between companies that implement sustainable activities, what keywords would you use. I know that one figures out after some reading, I have read much, yet I'm a bit insecure inputting keywords that might eventually make me chase wild geese.
The research question for the literature review how to companies work together to achieve sustainability?
Thank you.
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(It sounds interesting!)
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Dear all,
I am new in the Mobility of populations movement, coming up with 2 questions:
1. What is the definition of Mobility and Migration in terms of populations movement? What are their differences in Geography and Anthropology?
2. What are the common or well-known conceptual and analytical frameworks and theories for the study at micro and macro levels?
Thanks in advance,
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Hi Li, as per your question, The term "geographic mobility" refers to how people and goods travel over time. A measure that tracks movement within a country is known as geographic mobility, population mobility, or simply mobility. It's a term that's commonly used in demography and population studies to describe the movement of populations between spaces. These relocations may be as big as foreign relocations. Mobility is mostly temporary in nature.
While migration is the movement of people between regions or countries. It is the process of changing's one place of residence and permanently living from a region or a country. According to the UN Demographic dictionary " Migration is such an event in which people move from one geographical area to another area. When people leaving their place of residence and go to live permanently in another area is called migration". It may be temporary or permanent with intentions of returning to the place of origin in future.
For your further clarification attaching some reference below,
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I am PhD student working on measurement and evolution (more specifically psychological testing). My PhD thesis is about developing a new instrument, I am developing this instrument based on a theory, so I considered that theory as my theoretical framework should that be okey? With regard to the conceptual framework I draw a figure includes (input) the elements that I have taken from the theory, and (process) the process of questionnaire development that I am following, and (outcome) the final version of my questionnaire is that right? For the validation I am using different measures to test concurrent and convergent and discriminant validity such as Beck depression inventory and anxiety and other measures. Do I need to include depression and anxiety and the other variables that I am using their measures to validate my new instrument in my theoretical and conceptual framework or no need to include them since they are only criterions to test validate for the new scale?
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If your conceptual framework is just about the relationships between your independent and dependent variables, then you don't need to include variables that are only being using for validation purposes.
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In a correlation analysis between two variables sign was –22 but in a multiple linear regression due to influence of other variables it became 21. Conceptually it must be a negative correlation.
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The change of sign depends on the presence of partial correlations between regressors and dpendent variables, this happens when regressors are not mutually independent, see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partial_correlation.
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Who leads the advances in science?
Whether, practitioners research and develop new approaches, then scientists define the conceptual frames using the established methodologies
Or else?
Any empirical researches on this?
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Progress, including the development of technology, new discoveries, the development of science, the creation of innovative solutions, etc. is made thanks to the creative work of scientists, entrepreneurs, managers, citizens running a business and implementing innovations, new solutions, technologies for economic and other processes.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I think it's apparent that mind-reading is quite a fictional concept, but because cognitive empathy is often thought of as the ability to take on someone else's perspective, could you conceptualize cognitive empathy as mind-reading in some sense?
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" Can cognitive empathy be thought of as mind-reading? " -- Dr. Aidan Sinclair asks.
As a psychologist, I do not think that mind-reading is quite a fictional concept. Mind reading in the literature on theories of mind, refers to one's ability to infer what, on the basis of your own experience and your knowledge, is going on in others' mind and heart, if, for example, they are feeling good/happy or bad/unhappy. As I see it, empathy involves a cognitive component (e.g., to infer what is going on in others' mind and heart, if, for example, they are feeling good/happy or bad/unhappy) and an emotional component (e.g., to share their emotions, be they positive or negative). Because of these two components, there is not anything that can be called as cognitive empathy. It is worth distinguishing empathy from sympathy or emotional contagious. In this regard, it is assumed that newborns and young children ( below 2/3 years) are capable of sympathy, but not empathy.
PS: This is a short answer to your interesting question. I hope that this is of some help to you.
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Or do people realize it also includes cognitive empathy ie.perspective taking
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Different studies use different approaches and conceptualize empathy in different ways, so you really have to go on a case by case basis. Even more so, many studies do not make correct distinctions between empathy, sympathy, and compassion. Empathy ("I feel how you feel"), sympathy ("I know how you feel"), and compassion ("I know how you feel and I am willing to do something about it") are very different constructs, but often used interchangeably or diffusely. One can assume that empathy can only arise from perspective taking, because otherwise it would be a mimikry of feelings while being blind to the causes. Yet, authors might still have different conceptualizations in different studies, so always make sure to check.
tldr: People realize that empathy includes perspective taking, but confuse other aspects in the meantime.
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As a current Fulbright scholar (Botstiber Professorship in Austrian-American Studies, University of Vienna), I see this fellowship as helping develop an existing research trajectory while helping me conceptualize the next steps in my career. Would be curious to hear from other Fulbright scholars, or those who have completed similar programs, about how you developed through the experience.
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The scholars improved their research and publications through the program
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What is the different between conceptual understanding and conceptual knowledge. If I am interested in the addition of fraction, how to categorized it? Is it considerate as conceptual understanding or conceptual knowledge? Or procedural knowledge?
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They both remain at the level of "Ideatics" or "Problematics". We just only imagine that they have turned procedural. It is , however , not precisely so. One has to remain at the very same immanent level of [trial-and-error] analytics to , after (much) more synthesis in the understanding faculty , arrive at a differing\higher order of knowing through phenomena { to be possibly called SYNTHETIC"PROCEDURAL }. TRUTH OF THE MATTER IS THAT THE MAJORITY OF EXPERTS IN HUMANITIES AND SCIENCE ARE TOO SCARED OF "DWELLING AT" THE MENTIONED LEVEL OF "Ideatics" or "Problematics".
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Hi, can I use both conceptual framework and theoretical framework in my systematic review?
My future study plan is to use a theory. In this situation for my systematic review should I use both or only anyone? I am confused.
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Hi! The conceptual framework is commonly used in research proposals to illustrate the variables that will be investigated in your research. It represents your own constructed model to explain the relationships of variables in your study. A conceptual framework may actually be based/adapted from a theoretical framework. A theoretical framework is based on existing theories from literature that has been validated by scholars.
If the purpose of your literature review is to illustrate the factors & outcomes of your concept, then you may actually be able to develop a theoretical framework as a product of your review.
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Hi, I am conducting an exploratory research with qualitative in-depth interview approach to understand the impact of COVID_19 in health systems response to burn care in India. Since, this is a qualitative research with exploratory orientation, do I need to a opt for any theoritical framework, if yes then which theoritical framework fits into this question. You are also welcome to suggest suitable resource to guide me selecting best theorotical framework.
thank you
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Hi I used a theoretical framework for my PhD with in-depth interviews on 67 participants. I conducted my interviews first, while at the same time researching theories. Then after I had the interview data I found it easier to find a theoretical framework to best explore the qualitative in-depth interview material. You can use any theories you like, the key is finding theories that can best help you make sense of your material. Hope this helps you. Good luck with your research, your topic sounds interesting and timely.
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