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Background Postoperative pneumocephalus is associated with a higher risk of recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH). However, there is no verified simple way to measure the pneumocephalus volume at the bedside for daily clinical use. The ABC/2 method was shown to be a simple and reliable technique to estimate volumes of intracranial lesions,...
Article
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Shallow water waves are one of the most prominent and widely used waves in coastal areas. The anomalous bi-directional transmission of long waves over shallow water is described by the nonlinear fractional partial differential equations (NLFPDEs), namely space-time-fractional coupled Whitham-Broer-Kaup (WBK) and coupled approximate long water (ALW)...
Article
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Background This research paper contributes to presenting a proposed framework for the formal and structural specifications of parametric digital architecture in order to increase knowledge and know-how in this field closely to specialists and those interested in it through the research methodology, which is divided first into the theoretical backgr...
Book
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This book mainly focuses on the third major area: Computational Mechanics. Computational mechanics is widely used in nanomechanics and micromechanics, continuum mechanics, and many other mechanical systems. The main focus throughout this book will be to address methods concerning the field of continuum mechanics. Continuum mechanics studies bodies...
Article
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Thermal striping phenomenon is a random temperature fluctuation that may cause thermal fatigue damage of components until their break. These situations can cause the failure of important mechanical systems. For nuclear industry, it is a serious safety concern; however, the severity of the consequences depends on technology. Indeed, in the case of n...
Article
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A quality detection system for the “Red Fuji” apple in Luochuan was designed for automatic grading. According to the Chinese national standard, the grading principles of apple appearance quality and Brix detection were determined. Based on machine vision and image processing, the classifier models of apple defect, contour, and size were constructed...
Article
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In this paper, a thorough 2D unsteady computational fluid dynamic analysis was performed on a pitching airfoil to properly comprehend the dynamic stall and aerodynamic forces. The computational software ANSYS Fluent was used to solve the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations. Low Reynolds number flows were modeled using the k-ω shear s...
Article
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Tazebew Tilahun Alamneh,1 Shitahun Fente Tilahun,2 Melkamu Bedimo Beyne,3 Sofonias Addis Fekadu,4 Abel Sinshaw Assem,4 Selam Fisiha Kassa5 1Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 2Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, Co...
Article
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This special issue of Software Tools for Technology Transfer presents extended versions of two selected papers from the 23rd edition of TACAS, the International Conference on Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems that took place in April 2017 in Uppsala. The papers included in this special issue concern various aspects o...
Article
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Cyber-physical wireless systems have surfaced as an important data communication and networking research area. It is an emerging discipline that allows effective monitoring and efficient real-time communication between the cyber and physical worlds by embedding computer software and integrating communication and networking technologies. Due to thei...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic, the accompanying lockdown measures, and their possible long-term effects have made mental health a pressing public health concern. Acts that focus on benefiting others-known as prosocial behaviors-offer one promising intervention that is both flexible and low cost. However, neither the range of emotional states pro...
Article
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Today artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming increasingly important in the healthcare industry. It can be useful in many areas where humans can be aided by new technologies. The concept of "artificial intelligence" (AI) refers to machines being capable of performing human tasks. Machine learning (ML) is an AI subdomain that "learns" intrinsic sta...
Article
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With the increase of human dependency over computer software, considerable effort has been given to determine software reliability effectively. A huge variety of software reliability growth models (SRGMs) have been developed to explain statistically how system reliability varies over time by monitoring the failure data sets during the testing proce...
Article
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The living performance in sustainable development outline contributing factors towards efficiency, such as ecological, economic, health, and social integration. The performance of facade design must be emphasised to describe resilient living and access to mitigate the design of post-coronavirus disease (COVID-19) housing. The spread of the pandemic...
Article
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The study aims to indirectly determine the saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks). The applicability of recently-published pedotransfer functions (PTFs) based on a machine learning approach has been tested, and their performance has been compared with well-known hierarchical PTFs (computer software Rosetta) for 126 soil data sets in the Czech Republ...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to observe the association between the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the levels of glucose and lipid metabolism and serum uric acid (SUA) levels. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 97 patients with T2DM who were admitted to our endocrinology de...
Article
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Background: Flexible flat foot or pes planovalgus is a common foot deformity, and silicone and customized insole are commonly used as a non-operative treatment modality of flexible planovalgus. However, there are inadequate data and limited evidence available regarding the immediate effects of their use in midfoot and hindfoot of adults. The aim o...
Article
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Most residential buildings and capital structures in the permafrost zone are constructed on the principle of maintaining the frozen state of the foundation soils. The changing climate and the increasing anthropogenic impact on the environment lead to changes in the boundaries of permafrost. These changes are especially relevant in the areas of pili...
Article
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Neuroglobin is an oxygen-binding heme protein expressed predominantly in the brain. Despite many years of research, the exact distribution and expression of neuroglobin in the neocortical development and under mild hypoxia stress still remain unclear. Therefore, we aim to explore the expression of neuroglobin during neocortex expansion and under mi...
Article
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Background: Frequent short-term sickness absence is prevalent among workers with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This in return leads to poor productivity in organizations and decreased ability to work among workers. Nevertheless, some workers with MSDs still continue to work despite pain and are able to maintain their productivity. Existing lit...
Article
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Background: Cervical cerclage has salvaged so many pregnancies complicated by cervical incompetence. Objective: This study was carried out to determine the indications and pregnancy outcomes after cervical cerclage insertion. Methodology: This was a five-year retrospective study carried out in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Amin...
Article
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This study provides the exact solutions of couple stress fluid (CSF) in a channel. The CSF is bounded by two plates in which the lower plate is moving with constant velocity Uo and the upper plate is fixed. The influence of the external pressure gradient is considered on the CSF fluid. To transform the classical CSF model, we have introduced three...
Article
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Background: Globally, poor hand washing practices have led to a remarkable increase in the rate of infection and spread of infectious diseases. Hands are the main route of germ transmission during medical management. Hence, hand washing is an effective measure to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases in healthcare. Objective: The study as...
Article
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In the bone marrow, plasma cells are made up of B lymphocytes and are a type of WBC. These plasma cells produce antibodies that help to keep bacteria and viruses at bay, thus preventing inflammation. This presents a major challenge for segmenting blood cells, since numerous image processing methods are used before segmentation to enhance image qual...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to propose a quasi-invariant technique suitable for describing the transverse dynamics of electrons in a synchrotron and to exhibit that the methodology allows the emergence of resonances in phase space. The proposed technique is implemented by using symbolic computation software, which provides sets of coupled differential...
Article
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Purpose To determine the mean difference of vertical corneal light reflex (VCLR) among healthy eyes via digital photography. Study Design Retrospective study. Methods The study enrolled 155, healthy eyes participants, 71 males and 84 females with a mean age of 14.7 years (range 12–19 years). The participants received complete eye examinations and...
Thesis
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ABSTRACTS The study entitled "Role of Women in Community forest management : A Case Study of Aishwarya Women Community forest user group in Latikoilee V.D.C. of Surkhet District done in the issue of women's role in community forest management. Community forest is the people's participatory approach in which the local users of the forest are involve...
Article
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Under the influence of the rapid development of the production process of computers, chips, semiconductors, and other equipment, computer software technology has also made great progress. Among them, big data and Internet of Things technologies have developed particularly rapidly, and big data and Internet of Things technologies have gradually beco...
Article
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With the development of computer software and hardware technology, film and television production has made a breakthrough. More and more film and television works have changed from the traditional plane two-dimensional space projection to three-dimensional space projection. Three-dimensional works give the audience an immersive feeling. Taking huma...
Conference Paper
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Human Resource (HR) is one of the decisive elements in the organization. The HR process includes planning, leading, and controlling a company's business resources. To date, the world has no tools to measure the quality of HR other than the performance quality of another human, i.e. employee. In 2020, the world and Sri Lanka countrywide were affecte...
Article
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Climate change is contemporary global threat to this planet. Greenhouse gases which are responsible for global warming and its impact is accelerated by anthropogenic activities. Increasing temperature is creating influence on rice cultivation, production and productivity. In this regard, this study was conducted on Dilasaini Rural municipality of B...
Article
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With deepening of the economic development process, the overall spiritual and cultural needs of the people have increased, and quality education has received more and more attention. Piano education is an important part of quality education. Nowadays, piano education has also been able to move forward continuously. As the king of musical instrument...
Article
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The Data Acquisition System (DAS) is an important equipment in measurement systems especially in weather monitoring and also very crucial in many areas such as agricultural, communication, transportation, sport and industrial processes. This work proposes a weather monitoring system based on an Arduino Mega 2560 microcontroller board. The microcont...
Article
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RESUMEN Introducción: La planificación preoperatoria constituye una herramienta fundamental en el manejo de fracturas; sin embargo, su aplicación práctica dista de lo deseado, quizá debido a la ausencia de un método básico y sencillo, adaptado a los tiempos actuales. Describimos un método de planificación digital, entre lo tradicional y lo tecnológ...
Conference Paper
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Independent Researcher The latter part of the 20 th century saw a resurgence of neo-behaviourist learning theory in academia. The employment of 'positive, reward based' training methods in behaviour management led to its re-popularisation nearly half a century after its inception and subsequent decline-but this time, rather than being used to manag...
Article
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With the rapid development of computer software and hardware technology, new progress has been made in wireless communication technology, and the Internet of Things technology has gradually penetrated into the daily work of citizens, which has led to a comprehensive upgrade of the work mode. In the context of increasing technological progress, mark...
Chapter
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The Electricity is an important source of energy in daily life. Nowadays, we are depending upon electrical appliances. The increasing demand for electricity and degrading effects of non-renewable energy resources on the environment made the world shift focus toward the available renewable energy sources such as solar energy for the fulfillment of o...
Article
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Introduction The use of auditory behavioral tests, which specifically assess sustained attention, is necessary, due to its relationship with learning, language production, cognitive development and school performance. Objective To evaluate how children performed using software developed to investigate the ability of sustained auditory attention, an...
Article
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Electronic banking has crucial role in increasing customers' satisfaction. Therefore, the main objective for the current study was to investigate the effect of electronic banking on the customer satisfaction in Rwanda, case of Bank of Kigali. The entire target population of this research was 380 000 populations composed by customers of Bank of Kiga...
Article
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The diverse patterns of waves on the oceans yielded by the Kadomtsev Petviashvili-modified equal width (KP-mEW) equation are highlighted in this paper. Two recent established approaches such as the improved auxiliary equation technique and the enhanced rational (G′/G)-expansion scheme are utilized to construct wave solutions of the proposed governi...
Article
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Background: Polypharmacy and inappropriate usage of antibiotics are common in an intensive care unit which may increase morbidity, mortality, antimicrobial resistance, and treatment cost. Aims and Objectives: The objective of the present study is to evaluate the Effect of Educational Session on Antimicrobial consumption pattern in the Medical Inte...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to examine the magnetohydrodynamic mixed convection Casson fluid flow over an inclined flat plate along with the heat source/sink. The present flow problem is considered under the assumption of chemical reaction and thermal radiation impacts along with heat and mass transport. The leading nonlinear PDEs of the flow prob...
Article
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Calculating square roots of positive real numbers play a vital role in scientific and engineering computing. From the daily-life used calculators to the computer software used as a calculator often use the square root function. However, finding the real roots of algebraic and transcendental equations is one of the most exciting topics in numerical...
Article
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Spellcheckers are computer software used for non-word or real word error detection. The Dinka text editors have been developed, however, no one has developed their spellcheckers. The research entitled Prototyping NLP Non-Word Detection System for Dinka Using Dictionary Lookup Approach was a solution to Dinka spellchecking. The study objectives were...
Article
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In light field compression, graph-based coding is powerful to exploit signal redundancy along irregular shapes and obtains good energy compaction. However, apart from high time complexity to process high dimensional graphs, their graph construction method is highly sensitive to the accuracy of disparity information between viewpoints. In real-world...
Article
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The primary aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the hip- knee- ankle. (HKA) angle and prosthetic alignment with three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) measurements in patients who underwent robotic-assisted (RA) TKA, with consideration of the soft tissue envelope via an intraoperative joint-balancing procedure. We hypothesized t...
Article
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A prospective survey for gestational anaemia was conducted on 307 pregnant women (11-38 weeks gestation) of the northern side of Ebonyi State. The socioeconomic and obstetric data were collected through semi-structured questionnaire. The haemoglobin levels of the subjects were assessed by Drabkin (cyanmethaemoglobin) method and used as the index of...
Presentation
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Dynamic networks are valuable tools to depict and investigate the concurrent and temporal interdependencies of various variables across time. Although several software packages for computing and drawing dynamic networks have been developed, software that allows studying the pairwise associations between a set of binary intensive longitudinal variab...
Article
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After hundreds of years of changes, due to the development of chemistry, the development of human life has undergone tremendous changes. People have used chemical science to manufacture many supplies, such as various medicines and various types of cosmetics. In recent decades, electronic components and computer software technology have developed ra...
Article
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One of the big challenges in treating individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) is nonadherence to medication. This is the principal factor associated with a worse prognosis or outcome of the disease. This study aimed to explore and analyze the individual perceptions that people with BD have about the positive and negative aspects when taking medicati...
Article
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Abstrak Basis data adalah suatu sistem yang mampu menyimpan berbagai data yang saling berhubungan dalam satu wadah, sekaligus memberikan kemudahan dan kecepatan dalam pengambilan data atau arsip tersebut. Basis data tidak dapat digunakan atau diakses tanpa adanya suatu system yang menjembataninya. System yang menjembatani tersebut, disebut juga den...
Article
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Abstrak Basis data adalah suatu sistem yang mampu menyimpan berbagai data yang saling berhubungan dalam satu wadah, sekaligus memberikan kemudahan dan kecepatan dalam pengambilan data atau arsip tersebut. Basis data tidak dapat digunakan atau diakses tanpa adanya suatu system yang menjembataninya. System yang menjembatani tersebut, disebut juga den...
Article
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Haemoglobin genotypes are very important in the sub-Saharan African, it aids in assessing the health of an individual. About 85 million people are carriers of different Hb genotype variants in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study is to establish the echelon of haemoglobin genotype variants in Anambra state Southeast Nigeria from 2005 to 2019....
Article
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Convective ow is a self-sustained ow with the e ect of the temperature gradient. e density is nonuniform due to the variation in temperature. e e ect of the magnetic ux plays a major role in convective ow. e process of heat transfer is accompanied by a mass transfer process, for instance, condensation, evaporation, and chemical process. Combination...
Article
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The computational method has long been used in propeller turbine studies. However, there has not yet been a comprehensive explanation for mesh and timestep independency method or verification for propeller turbine simulation. Hence, this study explains propeller turbines' mesh and timestep independency method. The computational software for this ca...
Article
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Introduction: Although the Practice of traditional medicine is accorded great importance worldwide, it seems to face a notable challenge. A notable challenge is the lack of a reference standard for determining the appropriate utilization of traditional medicine for patients. There is little evidence about the usual utilized traditional medicine in...
Article
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The main objective of this paper is to examine the wind-induced structural response of high–rise buildings constructed in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using reinforced concrete and lightweight cross-laminated timber (CLT) floor systems. Two major analyses were performed on two regular reinforced concrete (RC) buildings of 200 m height located in Dha...
Poster
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The emergence of blockchain as a technology artifact and platform has enhanced the ability of organizations and governments to identify, track or manage both physical and digital assets. Under a VUCA (Volatile, Uncertainty, Complexity and Ambiguity) world, such a paradigm change calls for the adaptation of information systems, operation workflows,...
Preprint
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In Light Field compression, graph-based coding is powerful to exploit signal redundancy along irregular shapes and obtains good energy compaction. However, apart from high time complexity to process high dimensional graphs, their graph construction method is highly sensitive to the accuracy of disparity information between viewpoints. In real world...
Article
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BACKGROUND Since 3-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) started to be used in dentistry, mineral density can now be examined with computer software from the data on the images obtained. Detailed and clear images at different slice intervals can be obtained with CBCT, and mineral density can be measured from the image data on a computer...
Article
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Aim This study checked the effects of landscape types and complexity along path in urban green spaces on perceived restorativeness, so as to provide guidance for path landscape design. Background Paths in urban green spaces are not only the connections between places but also places for visitors reducing mental stress and seeking psychological wel...
Article
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Authors' Contribution: A-Study design; B-Data collection; C-Statistical analysis; D-Manuscript Preparation; E-Funds Collection. Abstract Purpose: It is generally believed that sports can play an important role in developing life skills and positive youth development. The purpose of this study was to determine the views of Gomal University students'...
Article
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The root of any nation is its education system, it has the power to build or destroy a promising future collectively. Similarly it is very important for us to understand our education system and bring out the aspects which need reassurance. The current general curriculum followed in India does not include a lot of specific subjective learning and i...
Article
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Twenty four Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were conducted along predetermined profiles situated on latitude 11 o 7.6 / N to 11 o 7.7 / N and longitude 7 o 6.2 / E to 7 o 6.3 / E at Malumfashi, Nigeria. The survey was carried out to investigate the fractured zones of the area and to map out the subsurface layers along the profiles. Terrameter S...
Article
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Background: Globally, around 1.9 million people were dying due to food-borne diseases annually, and intestinal parasites infected one-third of the population, according to estimates and more prevalent in developing countries due to poverty. This study assessed predictors of intestinal parasites among food handlers working in Goba towns. Methods:...
Article
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The goal of this study was to validateaelementary-level diagnostic test for children with learning difficulties in mathematics. In Pakistan, there has been limited research on the Validation of Diagnostic Tests for Students with Learning Difficulties in Mathematics. This descriptive research's population of study includes eighth-grade students from...