Alternative Medicine

Alternative Medicine

  • Timothy Hui added an answer:
    I need articles about the effect of osteopathy treatment and its effect on the pregnant women suffering from carpal tunnel syndrom?

    I am working on a case study entitled the effect of osteopathy treatment and its effect on the pregnant women suffering from carpal tunnel syndrom. It is a comparison study relating to the benefits of osteppathy vs physical therapy vs traditional medicine. And concluding at the end with a comparison between alternative medicine (osteo or physio) vs traditional medicine of their effects. 

    Timothy Hui

    This one has a little bit of info on this.  Good luck!

  • Nenah Sylver added an answer:
    Can any one suggest me research articles related with the efficacy of homeopathic medicine?

    I am interested to  know the research work related with this alternative field of medicine which is used by many for the last 200 years, still there is doubt about its true action as serious questions have been raised by renowned journals like Lancet.It is still loved by a huge number of people and they consider it as a true healing art.

    Nenah Sylver

    Homeopathy has a proven track record. In the cases where it doesn't work, it's probable that either the correct remedy hasn't been used, or the experimenters deliberately performed poorly designed trials to achieve the desired (negative) outcome. Mainstream medical journal article authors are understandably biased against homeopathy because it competes with mainstream allopathic medicine and its drug treatments, which don't work and are full of toxic effects.

    People who have used homeopathy include eleven US Presidents; several members of the royalty; seven Popes; writers Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Louisa May Alcott, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Goethe, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Alfred Tennyson and George Bernard Shaw. Other notables include Charles Darwin, sports greats David Beckham and Martina Navratilova, and musicians including Ludwig van Beethoven, Frederic Chopin to Dizzy Gillespie, Tina Turner and Paul McCartney; and film and TV personalities, just some of whom include Sarah Bernhardt, Marlene Dietrich, John Wayne, Suzanne Somers, Lindsay Wagner and Tobey Maguire. Most impressive are the leading physicians and scientists who spoke favorably about homeopathy: Sir William Osler (called the “father of modern medicine”), Emil Adolph von Behring, MD (called the the “Father of Immunology”), Charles Frederick Menninger, MD (founder of the Menninger Clinic, which today specializes in treating psychiatric disorders), August Bier, MD (called the “father of spinal anesthesia”), C. Everett Koop, MD (former Surgeon General of the US), and Brian Josephson, PhD (Cambridge professor and Nobel Laureate).

    Lynne McTaggart's book The Field gives a great history of quantum physics and its players, which includes Popp and various NASA scientists. She discusses the ability of water to be imprinted, and groundbreaking research that are unlikely to be found in mainstream medical journals.

  • Mohammad Israr Khan added an answer:
    Who's right in considering the end of homeopathy in clinics and therapy?

    The recent Letter published by Prof. Silvio Garattini would put the word "end" to that bulk of pseudo-evidence of homeopathy in clinics. Aside from appealing topics coming from physics, chemical-physics or quantum mechanics (see video links), any of you could retrieve this truth by simply accessing to Cochrane Database and to authorative medical journals, which published strong clinical evidence for homeopathy exclusively in somatoform illness (fibromyalgia, IBS) or spontaneously resolving immune ailments, accounting for a placebo effect, causality and very low diluted remedies (so, herbal therapy-see interview by Dawkins to Fisher). In Verona a recent Congress on high dilutions and homepathy (XXIX GIRI Meeting) lacked public announcement and was held closed-doors....why? Dawkins shows that homeopathy should be described as a drop in a sea...Whether or not tap water, even diluted thousands times and mechanically stressed might heal cancer and any Pandora's evil (!!!!), to date is undoubtfully ineffective, as empiricism appear to be  the only method. I suggest physicians to care those homeopaths resorting to hospitals with still water or sugar pills....I believe that we could solve many Government financial troubles...( a boutade)

    + 6 more attachments

    Mohammad Israr Khan

    Dear and respected Leonard Sir,

    I do appreciate your concerns.

    ... "It all begins with us'... and it must begin with us... 

  • Joy Hussain added an answer:
    How can I test the impact of acupuncture treatments (let's say ST36) on reverting gene expression?

    If certain diets and supplements can potentially revert SNPs, what would be the right design to investigate whether acupuncture treatments may play a role in certain genetic expressions

    Joy Hussain

    I believe it can if you use a targeted approach with proteomics.  Check out some of the new "omics" approaches.  It might involve partnering with an analytical chemist or laboratory that can run the targeted tests for you.  

  • Vladimir Dvoryanchikov added an answer:
    Why does dilution of homoeopathic medicines enhance their potency? Is this not against scientific phenomena?
    I have been told by homoeopathic practitioners that dilution and potency of homoeopathic medicines is inversely proportional. This means the higher the dilution the more potent the medicine will be and vice versa. I have doubts which may be due to my bias because personally I did not find any experience of homoeopathic medicine effective.
    Vladimir Dvoryanchikov

    Potentized homeopathic remedies work on the quantum principles. The power of homeopathic medicines is not with his potency of linear dependence. This is the so-called logistic dependence. It is defined by individual parameters and may not be monotonic.

  • Ali A R Aldallal added an answer:
    What are the phytohemical constituents of millet husk?

    millet husk is a byproduct of raw millet processing. It is used often as alternative medicine in Africa and India.

    Ali A R Aldallal

    The attached paper may be helpful, plz check it .


  • Amnah Abdullah added an answer:
    Is there any alternative therapy that inhibits Phosphodiesterase-4?

    Could anyone share if you have heard of articles on my question:

    Is there any alternative therapy that inhibits Phosphodiesterase-4?

    Thank you


    Amnah Abdullah

     I went through the article. but it didn't quite answer my core question. I was looking more in the lines of what alternative therapy as in meditation? maybe, could this inhibit  PDE4. rather What's the mechanism like...

    nevertheless, thank you for the ideas

    best regards


  • Raveendra Nath Yasarapu added an answer:
    If all Yoga texts show Yoga as a purely mental procedure, how is the american consumer continuously duped into believing it to be a physical exercise?

    Yoga, or what passes off as Yoga in the western world, is a $30 billion industry in the United States.. People of all ages contort themselves into positions like 'downward dog' and believe that they are doing Yoga. Due to the limitations and failures of modern allopathic health systems, increasingly people are turning to alternative and complementary eastern health systems in the hope of a cure for their mental and physical ailments. Capitalist tendencies are quick to capitalize on this ignorance/demand and quick to offer a number of services and goods(gadgets) to fool the consumer even further.

    All the Yoga texts state that Yoga is a mental process to achieve equanimity, mental poise, stillness of the mind, 'Chitta vriddhi nirodaha'. 'Asana' is mental balance and stability in whatever you do in life, not a physical pose to hold for a convenient time, or at a convenient place(studio). How come its so far away from the truth when it comes to western understanding & practice of Yoga? What has been "Lost in Translation"? If individuals continue to choose the 'juicier' parts of Yoga philosophy(for example the health benefits) and twist it to suit their own convenience in the name of 'freedom' (due to the munificence of the original seers who sought no exclusive rights and patents) and ignore the ethical, spiritual, human, environmental and disciplinary parts, is there a danger of Yoga losing its meaning? By only taking the parts we want, isn't the very purpose of Yoga lost? Why bother calling it Yoga at all and add to the deepening confusion everywhere? Should the charade of the emperor's new clothes continue or an attempt made to define the science for what it actually is?

    Raveendra Nath Yasarapu

    Dear All,

    Two articles to highlight the points raised here...


  • Patricia Grace-Farfaglia added an answer:
    Are social networks effective as a new media for health education concerning complementary and alternative medicine?
    New media as social networks such as Facebook and twitter are wide spread today. All groups of population share each other ideas and information. Can they have an active role in health education?
    Patricia Grace-Farfaglia

    Ahmed, I would like the answer to that question. My dissertation will look at sources of innovation for functional and integrative nutrition practices among dietitians in the US. I would love to talk to dietitians in India. Do you have any contacts?

  • Nelson Elias added an answer:
    Are there any scientific published data and references regarding Urotherapy?

    Urotherapy is an established practice. Urotherapy has been practiced for treating piles, Atheletics foot, prevention from wetting the bed and skin care. The safety of urotherapy has not been established by scientific studies.

    Nelson Elias

    Dear Lala

    This article may be useful for you

    J Urol. 2015 Apr;193(4):1347-52. .
    A pilot randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of group vs individual urotherapy in decreasing symptoms associated with bladder-bowel dysfunction.
    Brownrigg N1, Pemberton J2, Jegatheeswaran K2, DeMaria J3, Braga LH4.

    We determined the feasibility of a definitive trial comparing the effectiveness of group vs individual urotherapy for children with bladder-bowel dysfunction.
    Children 6 to 10 years old with bladder-bowel dysfunction were recruited during the course of 1 year. Feasibility data on screening, eligibility, recruitment and protocol compliance rates were collected. Patients with high grade hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux or learning disabilities and those who had previously undergone urotherapy were excluded. Patients were randomized to 1-hour group urotherapy or 15-minute individual urotherapy. Symptoms and quality of life were measured using the Vancouver Nonneurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction/Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome Questionnaire and the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire at baseline and at 3 to 6 months of followup. Within/between group comparisons were conducted using t-tests.
    Of 455 screened children 79 were eligible and 60 were recruited to participate. A total of 24 patients randomized to group urotherapy and 25 randomized to individual urotherapy completed the pilot trial (6 undergoing group and 5 undergoing individual urotherapy withdrew from the study). Symptomology scores between group and individual urotherapy were not different at followup (mean ± SD 14.7 ± 7.9 vs 13.4 ± 6.3, p = 0.54, 95% CI -5.4-2.8). Quality of life scores between patients undergoing group and individual urotherapy at baseline differed (mean ± SD 21.1 ± 10.8 vs 31.0 ± 14.3, p < 0.01, 95% CI 2.7-7.3) but became similar at followup (21.0 ± 14.2 vs 20.1 ± 15.3, p = 0.84, 95% CI -9.4-7.6). Within group analyses demonstrated improvement in symptomology from baseline to followup in patients undergoing group (mean ± SD 3.6 ± 7.6, p = 0.03, 95% CI 0.4-6.8) and individual urotherapy (6.0 ± 5.4, p < 0.01, 95% CI 3.8-8.3). Within group quality of life analyses revealed improvement in Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire scores from baseline to followup in patients undergoing individual urotherapy (p < 0.01, 95% CI 5.0-16.9) only.
    Urotherapy, regardless of modality, effectively improved bladder-bowel dysfunction symptoms. A definitive randomized controlled trial is feasible, considering that a high recruitment rate (76%) for this population has been established.

  • Gandhidas Sonajirao Lavekar added an answer:
    Does anybody know of any pulse measurement data sets for TCM?


    I am looking for data sets generated by pulse measuring devices that are suitable for TCM diagnosis. Does anyone know of any such data available online or of any hospital / practitioner that could provide such data?

    Thank you.

    Gandhidas Sonajirao Lavekar

    Yes, it will be my pleasure.

  • Sharon Primerano added an answer:
    Is there a data base of supplements like Boswellia or Curcumin for pain?

    I am making a list of supplements that can help for inflammation. There are  many different kinds and they are produced differently. I need to find some that are organic and Constantin no dyes, or gluten. I want to learn how these ingredients work. I am trying to find good product to buys and to recommend to my friends. I have an autoimmune disease. Many people find supplements but how do you know they are produced good.?

    Sharon Primerano

    What is the best way to buy Pukatea is it a oil or power?

  • Avni Sali added an answer:
    Can anyone provide articles on guided imagery effectiveness in surgical outcomes?

    I am interested in knowing the effect of guided imagery on surgical outcomes. Kindly share articles on this topic

    Avni Sali

    This article could be of benefit ,it is available as full paper on internet

    Guided imagery in Cardiac Surgery ;Outcomes Management ,2002,vol 6,No 3,P 132-137

  • Max Stanley Chartrand added an answer:
    Why do some patients refuse to comply with prescribed (western) medication while they are willing to seek treatments?
    Has anyone carried out any research in this?

    Some of my friends go to medical doctors, but they do not seem to have confidence in the medicine/s prescribed. They prefer their traditional herbal (alternative) medication.
    Max Stanley Chartrand

    Miranda, I'm glad you brought up traction, as it is one of the most misunderstood tools in spinal adjustment. If the disc is slipped or herniated or in any way torn the last thing one needs is traction, yet we see that terribly debilitating procedure done by other clinics and almost always results in even more debilitating back surgeries. Traction when needed should always be gentle, coaxing, and never bullying. Focus on decompression is as much muscular as it is spinal. We have seen so much unnecessary suffering from overly aggressive decompression techniques.  

  • B.R. Rajeswara Rao added an answer:
    Is research in traditional, alternative & complementary medicine needed?
    I am looking at the bench marks for T-CAM
    B.R. Rajeswara Rao

    Ms. Amina Ather 

    Research is a continuous activity both in traditional and conventional medicine and in all other fields of science and technology. Though India is known for centuries for its traditional therapies and traditional medicines, several Universities and Institutes are actively engaged in R&D on CAM. Indian government established separate councils for different traditional systems of medicine and each council has research institutes actively researching on the therapies and medicines in their respective systems. WHO has several publications on CAM and recognized the importance of CAM for the health security of human beings. CAM is becoming popular in the west also.

    Interesting question and equally fascinating discussions.

  • Andrei Gonzales I. added an answer:
    Are you familiar with the notion of complementary and alternative medicine more than conventional primary care?
    Conventional medicine prides itself on being science-based, and shuns alternative medicine for being "unproven," however, many of the non-communicable diseases have been taken care of successfully by alternative medicine. Conventional medicine is still behind and it will send your health into a downward spiral.
    Andrei Gonzales I.

    Thanks Dr. Partha Pratim Dhar, yes I tried to mean that a lot of traditional knowledge are inside of alternative medicine, so they are a lot of applications like Dr Partha mentioned; they are very useful, the problem is that a lot of people dont like this type of medicine because they are not proved scientifically, how ever they are a lot of new publications that are proving this facts, we scientists must try to help in this topics.
    I am aware that in many cases the knowledge of alternative medicine have been misrepresented, used only for trade and deceit and also for illegal things. It is a difficult task trying to keep the original knowledge that many cultures that left, most of this knowledge is dying with their carriers ancestors who had 80-100 years old.
    At this point I dare say that it is possible to mention that many people when they hear about alternative medicine only comes to their minds facts unconvincing, because the most part of the information is already infected, to the point that people believe in such superstitions.

    Another reason why many of knowledge of alternative medicine is not demonstrated is by the difficulty you have when making experiments or controlling the confounding factors in the observations.

    Then the task is to separate objectively all knowledge that show significant solutions and their real applications, but often involves taking a multivariate analysis and even a lot of protocols sustain that the essence of the expression of the fact it is on non physical (touchable) variables (subjective) and non counting this facts could affect the experiment (or observation) (For example the problem with the Masaru Emoto experiments ). To the other hand we must to correct the distorted knowledge.

    There are already people working on this topic, even objectively trying to improve the reputation of alternative medicine.

    A strong example in the application of alternative medicine is the effect of the moon on living organisms through its gravitational field, as this example there are others.

  • J Perriot added an answer:
    Can anyone tell me how much is the efficacy of alternative medicine treatment modes in tobacco cessation?
    Alternative medicine like Siddha, Ayurvedha, has treatment modes for tobacco cessation. I am interested to know what is the comparative efficacy with other modes.
    J Perriot

    I am in complete agreement with Renee Bittoun

  • B.R. Rajeswara Rao added an answer:
    What is the proportional relation between intake of juice and production or frequency of human urine?
    Juice therapy is effective in curing many gastrointestinal disorders but the body metabolism and functioning certainly gets affected by the same. Hence the question.
    B.R. Rajeswara Rao

    Dear Dr. Sudhakar

    My personal experience is that while fruit and vegetable juices are nutritious and have beneficial health effects, normal intake of juices with limited water content may not have any significant effect on the quantity or frequency of urine in normal human beings. I do not know whether any of these juices have marked diuretic effects.

    On the other hand, consumption of water frequently may increase the frequency of urination and urine output. Therefore, I feel frequent consumption of juices may indirectly influence urine output through their water content. These effects may depend on season also. In rainy season frequent urination even with consumption of small amount of water is not uncommon. Frequent urination is also common in elderly people and diabetics.

    Best wishes.

  • Singh Shivakumar added an answer:
    Does magnet therapy help in fracture and bone healing?
    Currently, there are many modalities in the market. Is it true that magnet therapy has no side effect for the consumer?
    Singh Shivakumar

    Dear Panayot Tanchev,

     I have placed my article under dataset on our experience with Pulsed Magnetic Field therapy in Chennai , which you could view under my contributions in RG . The references we have cited will be useful to you . Thanks for your interest .

      Our experience has revealed that Extremely Low Frequency ( 1 - 10 Hz ) & low amplitude ( 1500 nano Tesla ) along with Sine / Square wave was adequate for eliciting very good biological response in various tissues . This was one of the major contribution of our Institute . This has been our protocol to treat various diseases .  There was good therapeutic effects on Osteoarthritis of knee & spine , Polyarthritis ( Rheumatoid & Sero - negative ) , fracture healing , Lepritic & Diabetic ulcers .

  • Yves Van Assche added an answer:
    What are antioxidants and what should they really be?
    Having difficulty understanding why most "antioxidants" are named this way. Most of them are acids and, by definition, an acid is an oxidizer. This looks like a huge contradiction "per se" as they simply convert oxidants to a different one, not neutralizing them.
    To my understanding an antioxidant needs to neutralize oxidative stressors completely with no negative side effects.
    Yves Van Assche

    Well to my knowledge the only "real" antioxidant is hydrogen ... is the only one that when finished it becomes H2O .... 

    For more info read all the scientific research done in this field... 

    Symposium Molecular Hydrogen therapy is a nice search.... 

  • Han Pengyong added an answer:
    Can we comprehend the mechanism of action of Traditional chinese medicine with system-system interaction and systems biology?

    The body is a complicated system. The hormone have quick effect which just work for a small while and have opposite effect. Traditional chinese medicine(TCM) have a good efftct on this disease, the molecular mechanism is a little hard to comprehend . Maybe the system network biology may solve this .

    Han Pengyong

    Thank you for your good suggestions . I think the TCM is a system science field . It work s according to different people according to different atmosphere . The human body is also a complicated system . The personalized medicine backuped by omics data seems to deal with the different situation of genes upregulated and downregulated . Using what drug can balance this abnormal situation seems have long way to go . The network biology does support a better way to explore this at a system level although it seems vague . I think I should learn the network biology by omics data analysis . Thank s again my friends .

  • Kamakhya Kumar added an answer:
    What is the Yoga based treatment for having a cough & cold?

    The season has came for colds. Several people suffer repeatedly with cough & cold. What may be the treatment in Yoga Therapy?

    Kamakhya Kumar

    Thank you friends for showing your interest in this question. There is a number of studies in this area to prove the effect of Yoga on respiratory functioning.

    B.P.Desai & M.L.Ghatore (1986) have seen the effect of one attempt and five attempt of Kapalbhati on plasma fibrinogen level in normal subjects and observed that Plasma fibrinogen level was significantly increased after single and five consecutive attempts of Kapalbhati of one minute duration each in normal subjects.

    In another study, M. M. Gore, M. L. Ghatore, and M. V. Rajpurkar (1989) observed in the effect of ten minutes Kapalbhati on some physiological functions that the heart rate and Eye movements increase and the finger pulse volume decreases significantly. The respiration rate decreased immediately after Kapalbhati.

    J. P. Oak & R. S. Bhogal (1997) states on the basis of their study ‘Treatment of Coxalgia through Yoga’ that practice of Yoga, including Nadi Sodhan having a positive impact in the treatment of a case of coxalgia.

    Hereby an article is attached for the further reference.

    • Source
      [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
      ABSTRACT: The most interesting and challenging topics of research in the recent times have been focusing on the mysteries of human body. Apart from the scientists and researchers of the modern age, the ancient sages and seers had delved even deeper into the marvels and intricate workings of the inner realms of the living human organism. The modern age cutting edge biological researches have successfully made it possible to decode the human DNA sequence. However, for a healthy functioning of all the tissues and organs as well as for a healthy mind Indian Yogis have given few wonderful techniques of Yoga; Nadi shodhan and Kapalbhati are some of them.
      Full-text · Article · Jun 2007
  • William Mayor added an answer:
    Why isn't there more research focused on measuring frequency specifics in the human bio-field?

    Yang, Yin, and Qi concepts are simple yet profound explanations of fundamental polarity concepts (+/-)  and the resulting magnetic fields that are created when these opposing forces are brought together.

    Traditional medical systems had many diverse ways to talk and discuss these phenomena, but had no way to measure the subtle and diverse changes.

    Is the lack of research and general inquiry into establishing a dataset on the human bio-field mostly due to poor technological means?  Lack of interest?

    Are there any researchers currently engaged in these types of measurements?

    William Mayor

    Many, many thanks Margaret/

  • Lynn Lafferty added an answer:
    Is it possible that Natural Growth Promoters can fill the gap of Antibotic growth promoters?

    Due to ban in antibiotics, people are now utlising the natural resources to combat virus, mycoplasma and bacteria. Is it possible to utilise natural in place of antibiotics in terms of potency and effectivity.

    Lynn Lafferty

    Garlic and oregano oil work incredibly well for certain types of bacteria. And most of the Natural antibiotics, work well and some are even prebiotics so they help the microbiome

  • Johannes Fleckenstein added an answer:
    How could the cupping therapy improve COPD treatment?
    I am researching about cupping therapy and COPD to acupuncture degree final paper. It seems cupping therapy is becoming unusual, just aesthetic treatment and pain. Any information will be useful.
    Johannes Fleckenstein

    Cupping is supposed to diminish the muscle tone of extrathoracic muscles and therefore facilitate breathing (e.g. detonisation of myofascial triggerpoints of the pectoralis muscle).

    There is no reference directly related to COPD, but at least to the myofascial system (PMID: 25219130).

  • Max Stanley Chartrand added an answer:
    Are there any medical professionals in the NY or AZ area that would be willing to help with a study about asthma treatments?

    I'm working with a former NY Paramedic who wants to test a supplemental non-pharmaceutical treatment to see if asthma attacks can be reduced in frequency and intensity by adding a treatment in addition to their medication. He has the treatment and medical experience for the project, and I have the project plan and analysis experience. We're looking for a medical provider or two who treats asthma patients who would like to help us co-author this study.  

    Max Stanley Chartrand

    Something we have learned, Peter, is that asthma can be overcome through more indirect means in some individuals if the conditions of health are aligned. You mentioned vitamin therapy with minerals, trace minerals, essential amino acids, etc. and this is precisely the combination of elements that allow the body to produce corrective action. The MItochondria of each cell, for instance, is the true healer of the body if given the right things to do its job. We need a great deal more research to back up and explain these observable phenomena. But there will be no money to be had in doing so, so we can be in for a long wait for the big money to come running to this long standing need. In the meantime, we know healing exists and robust healing can be attained and repeated if we at the clinical level will do it.

  • Nizar Matar added an answer:
    Does anyone have any insight into the intriguing story of DMSO?
    The story of DMSO always fascinates my scientific quest. The more I search about this ‘persecuted drug’, the more it captivates my attention. I heard that there was lot of controversy about DMSO in late 60s and 70s. Is it an example for the ‘dark side of human nature’? Could someone from that age comment on this? Or what is your view on the whole story?
    Nizar Matar

    To anyone who has patience to read 13 pages winword doc. , this is the story of the amazing (?) DMSO :

  • Rupa Lavanya Kaskurthy added an answer:
    Is Glucosamine an NSAID?
    Glucosamine is a chitin-derived mucopolysaccharide and putative disease modifying agent; anti-rheumatic agent.
    Rupa Lavanya Kaskurthy

    yes, the NSAID effect of Glucosamine sulfate is there, but it is of other class/chondroprotective  when we see it as a NUETRACEUTICAL promotion....But i would like to ask why plain glucosamine sulfate with 1500 mg is not acceptable by the doctors in Grade I osteoarthritis.. 

  • Godwin Upoki Anywar added an answer:
    I am looking for plant species used in traditional phytotherapies for Trypanosoma brucei / African Sleeping Sickness. Does anyone have any leads?
    African Sleeping Sickness (Western) is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and is transmitted by the tsetse fly (genus Glossina). It constitutes 98% of all cases (WHO). African Sleeping Sickness (Eastern) is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. I am looking for traditional plant based therapies for this disease.
    Godwin Upoki Anywar

    I recommend Anonna senegalensis, Aflzelia africana and Nicotiana tobaccum

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