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Publications related to Comparative Democratization (121)
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Dr. Begüm Burak is a Turkish independent researcher, who defended her Ph.D. degree in 2015. Her academic collaboration extends to the universities in Italy, the United Kingdom, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, and Spain. In 2018, she became one of the founding members of www.ilkmade.com. Dr. Burak is interested in matters related to Mode...
Article
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On April 21, 2022, Dr. Lisa Sundstrom, an expert on Russian politics and a professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia (UBC), presented Domestic Russian Politics and Comparative Democratization at the April Digital Roundtable event hosted by the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS)-Vancouver. T...
Article
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Social acceleration – the progressively faster rate of technological, social and life-pace change – poses a dilemma for democratic problem solving: It increases the amount of new social problems emerging on the political agenda and hence amplifies the demand for rapid and effective policy solutions. Democratic politics is, however, slow. So either...
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В 1990 г. по инициативе выдающегося зоолога Н.Н. Воронцова, занимавшего в то время пост председателя Государственного комитета СССР по охране природы, была предпринята попытка принятия Постановления Совета Министров СССР, которое бы предусматривало не только сохранение биологического разнообразия, но и кардинальные меры по улучшению поддержки «трад...
Article
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This article compares democratic participation research in Scottish schools over a 10-year period. The comparison reveals how ‘organic’ aspects of decision-making arise in arenas of school activity. We argue that research heretofore has focussed on pupil councils to the exclusion of more everyday embedded and embodied choices. Primary researchers i...
Article
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The effects of the linkage and the leverage over countries that either go through a democratic transition or further advance on the democratization path have been widely discussed by comparative democratization scholars. Western leverage designates governments’ level of vulnerability in the face of foreign pressure for democratization, while linkag...
Article
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How do politicians in emerging democracies subvert institutional reforms that are designed to improve accountability? Looking at patron-client relations within political parties, I present a strategy, partisan accountability, by which strong parties undermine accountability to citizens. At the national level, parties build patronage networks. Centr...
Article
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The relationship between political affiliations and diet-related discussions on social media has not been studied on a population level. This study used a cost- and -time effective framework to leverage, aggregate, and analyze data from social media. This paper enhances our understanding of diet-related discussions with respect to political orienta...
Article
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How do the goals and activities of civil society organisations (CSOs) that are active in the field of immigrant welfare rights differ between autocracies and democracies? In this paper, we argue that a mechanism of CSO engagement plays out differently in these two political contexts because organisations adapt their goals and activities to the poli...
Article
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Today educational institutions are providing democratic environments which foster civic engagement among students. On the other hand, the educational system also leverages society. The required competencies for democratic values and leadership do not generate spontaneously in students. Training democratic values and leadership skills means preparin...
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Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a very important factor for economic growth because of its associated benefits such as advanced technology, employment, and economic development for the developing host countries. The factors of lower corporate tax rate, social peace, consistent energy supply, better infrastructure, skilled labor, political stabil...
Article
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Different country showed different governing capacity to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. With reference to the classical concept of embedded autonomy, as used in developmental state of political theory, this paper aims to study the capacity and progression of democratic country, Taiwan, in its fight with the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic and ho...
Article
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Comparing real democracies, not a theoretical utopia. I have compared democracy of the EU to Germany instead of comparing it with a theoretical utopia and the conclusions struck me. Contrary to the common belief the level of democracy was comparable in general but in some aspects, the EU was even more democratic than Germany. The current democr...
Presentation
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COURSE DESCRIPTION Until recently, the most important debate in comparative democratization was related to the origins of democracy: what causes democracy in some places and prevents it in others? The field of comparative democratization is now paying increasing attention to the issue of democratic backsliding and authoritarian reversals. Why is it...
Article
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This article comparatively analyses processes of democratic deconsolidation in the Asian Commonwealth states of Malaysia and Sri Lanka by examining two recent constitutional crises in which the head of state dismissed, or attempted to dismiss, the serving prime minister during a parliamentary term. These episodes brought to a close fledgling reform...
Article
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This article sketches a theoretical framework and research agenda for what is labeled as “Comparative Democratic Theory.” It is introduced as an approach to democratic theory which is informed by conceptual and methodological debates from “Comparative Political Theory” (CPT) as well as from insights from a global history of democratic thought. The...
Article
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This article sketches a theoretical framework and research agenda for what is labeled as "Comparative Democratic Theory." It is introduced as an approach to democratic theory which is informed by conceptual and methodological debates from "Comparative Political Theory" (CPT) as well as from insights from a global history of democratic thought. The...
Article
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This article is concerning the topic of authoritarian repressive strategies in hybrid regimes in Latin America. Despite the current academic literature being interwoven with references to the presence of authoritarian repressive strategies in competitive regimes, there is only a little attention being paid to the analysis of their causes in hybrid...
Conference Paper
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The widespread experience of democratic decline in both established democracies and hybrid regimes formed one of the main branches of the study of comparative democratization in the last decade. The fact that countries which had transitioned to democracy and were at different levels of democratic development were equally affected points to the poss...
Article
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For some time been it has been hypothesized that involvement in civic associations creates generalized social trust. Yet, prior panel data studies, based mainly on data collected in Australia, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, have found little support for the existence of such an effect. This article adds fur...
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This paper proposes a new cultural link between the middle class and democracy. In comparative democratization, scholars remain strongly wedded to economic-materialist understandings of the middle class. They define the middle class by income or occupation, but disagree on its role in democratization and weakly explain middle-class formation. In co...
Article
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Less than 30 years after Fukuyama and others declared liberal democracy’s eternal dominance, a third wave of autocratization is manifest. Gradual declines of democratic regime attributes characterize contemporary autocratization. Yet, we lack the appropriate conceptual and empirical tools to diagnose and compare such elusive processes. Addressing t...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to review the contemporary research on civil-military relations in Latin America. Existing researches of the civil-military relations in Latin America either work with the topic in general, accenting long-term trends (Pion-Berlin 2001), or they focus mostly on publishing output of prominent scholars in this scientific field...
Article
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The article analyses the type of bicameralism we find in Australia as a distinct executive-legislative system – a hybrid between parliamentary and presidential government – which we call ‘semi-parliamentary government’. We argue that this hybrid presents an important and underappreciated alternative to pure parliamentary government as well as presi...
Article
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The impact of future greenhouse gas forcing on the North Atlantic and North Pacific tropospheric jets remains uncertain. Opposing changes in the latitudinal temperature gradient-forced by amplified lower-atmospheric Arctic warming versus upper-atmospheric tropical warming-make robust predictions a challenge. Despite some models simulating more real...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the political system, attitudes towards democracy, and their determinants in Ukraine before, during and after the “Euromaidan.” The research question is as follows: What type of political system has emerged in Ukraine since the “Euromaidan?” The related research question is to what extent political values in Ukraine are suppor...
Conference Paper
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There are two objectives of this research 1) to measure democratic citizenship of Satun people 2) to compare democratic citizenship among Satun people according to electoral districts. By using the citizen model, 800 people from the two constituencies from Satun province. Data from 400 Election Commissioners were collected by simple random sampling...
Article
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This paper's central concern is with signs of fascism in recent political developments in a number of European countries and the United States. It takes the reader back to earlier periods in European and American history when this same anguished question was raised. Thus a longer intellectual history of concerns about the viability of democratic sy...
Conference Paper
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This paper examines the political system, attitudes towards democracy, and their determinants in Ukraine before, during and after the “Euromaidan.” The research question is as follows: What type of political system has emerged in Ukraine since the “Euromaidan?” The related research question is to what extent political values in Ukraine are supporti...
Article
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The work entitled “Reflections of an Unpolitical Man”, written during World War I, includes an essay against the Western states. Thomas Mann compares democratic countries and the societies created after the French Revolution with the German concept of society and a country based on conservative values. Equality is set against hierarchy, the individ...
Thesis
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Democracy is institutionalized and practiced in a variety of models in different countries. Among the countries that pass the threshold of having an electoral democracy, diverse institutional settings or democratic models are recognized. But the question is why does this diversity exist and survive? Is the diversity of democratic models affected by...
Article
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In this article, we the researchers explored the relationships among youths, religion and democratic sustainability, using the South-western part of Nigeria as a case study. The study compared democratic sustainability in the Orisa Youth Movement and the Cherubim and Seraphim Church Unification (Campus Fellowship) in order to evaluate the place of...
Chapter
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A frequent claim from political pundits, activists, and domestic politicians is that global institutions suffer a “democratic deficit.” One might imagine that such a claim would be based on a comparative democratic surplus or at least a right democratic balance of state-based institutions. However, it is also widely believed that state democracy ex...
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Various indices and ratings describing democratic processes in countries around the world have been developed by international organizations (such as Freedom House) and analytical centers (such as the one affiliated with the journal Economist). The main drawback of such ratings is that they only provide a linear ordering of countries by averaging a...
Chapter
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This paper explores collective memory as a source of democratic conflicts in social movements, with the aim of better understanding the relationship between storytelling and silences in emerging transnational discursive public spheres. When telling alternative stories on the Internet and in transnational protest summits, activists publicize memorie...
Conference Paper
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This study examines democratic orientations and their determinants in post-Orange Ukraine from the perspective of a political culture theory. The research question is, to what extent is political culture in Ukraine supportive of democracy. This paper uses data from different waves of the Pew Global Attitudes surveys, the World Values Surveys, and t...
Article
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In this study we examine the cross-cultural equivalence of two scales that measure attitudes toward democracy across 36 countries in the World Value Survey (WVS) 2000. We examine the equivalence of these scales in order to explore if we can meaningfully compare democratic attitudes across countries. Multiple group confirmatory factor analyses (MGCF...
Article
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How does an undemocratic country create democratic institutions and transform its polity in such a way that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of democratization. In particular, it examines how theoretical models...
Article
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An important electoral and institutional reform has been introduced in Italian local government since 1993: the direct election of the mayor and of the president of the provincial government, but with the possibility that the legislature may pass a vote of no confidence in them. Through this reform a new system of government has been established: s...
Article
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The paper first discusses 2 opposing models of citizenship within Latin American: citizenship as consumption, which reflects the consequences of the pervasive influence of market-oriented reforms on patterns of representation in the context of universal political rights, and citizenship as agency, which would reflect the emergence of alternative fo...
Book
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The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies (co-edited with Daniel Ziblatt), double special issue of Comparative Political Studies, Vol 43, 8/9, August/September 2010. This volume lays the theoretical and methodological foundations of a new historically minded approach to the comparative study of democratization, centered on the analysis of th...
Article
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Urban mass mobilization often stimulates the collapse of authoritarian regimes, but the literature on social forces in democratization has not dealt adequately with these episodes of popular protest. Nor has it systematically compared democratic revolutions with cases of authoritarian crackdown and chronic quiescence, despite the prevalence of thes...
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Comparative democratization scholars have devoted almost no attention to how property rights regimes shape the dynamics of electoral competition. This oversight is particularly problematic in African studies. In sub-Saharan Africa the absence or weakness of secure property rights regimes in the countryside can have powerful consequences for multipa...
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This article compares democratization under the aegis of the United Nations in Cambodia and East Timor. The analysis points to the inherent contradictions and problems of democratization in post-conflict situations and discusses the difficult issue of timing. It draws four generalized conclusions about democratization through international interim...
Article
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On June 15, 2007, Spain celebrated 30 years since the 1977 elections inaugurated the current democratic political system. These were the first democratic elections in 40 years—the last were held during Spain's first experience with mass democracy during the Second Republic (1931–1936). This essay explores why and how to incorporate the Spanish case...
Book
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The promotion of democracy and human rights has become a central part of donor and non-governmental activism in Africa. Transnational human rights organizations play an increasingly prominent role in shaping donor agendas as well as the domestic politics of regime change. How successful are these efforts to promote principles of democracy and human...
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Key Words political business cycles, electioneering, partisan theory, political economy s Abstract Policy makers in democracies have strong partisan and electoral in-centives regarding the amount, nature, and timing of economic-policy activity. Given these incentives, many observers expected government control of effective economic policies to indu...
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The collapse of the Soviet system and its partners in the ‘communist’ world poses problems of theory for scholars, as well as practical problems of managing a transition to a new social, political and economic system on the part of the peoples and governments concerned. Previous understanding of the nature of the ‘communist’ system has come under f...
Chapter
How should we think about electoral reform? What are the prospects for modern-day efforts to reform away the two-party system? This book offers a “shifting coalitions” theory of electoral-system change, puts the Progressive Era in comparative perspective, and warns against repeating history. It casts reform as an effort to get or keep control of go...
Book
How should we think about electoral reform? What are the prospects for modern-day efforts to reform away the two-party system? This book offers a “shifting coalitions” theory of electoral-system change, puts the Progressive Era in comparative perspective, and warns against repeating history. It casts reform as an effort to get or keep control of go...
Chapter
Enabling individuals to thrive in and across contexts of dynamic change, suggests a need for a shift from a traditional focus on educator and content to dialogic processes of teaching and learning that bring a focus to learners and learning. If, as educators, we want to enable learners to thrive in uncertainty and change, and to contribute meaningf...
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Comparative democratization scholars tend to examine the national level of the state with little concern for the impact of different levels or scales of political activity. Drawing from critical institutionalism, this paper provides a spatiotemporal analysis of the intersection of economic and political struggles that have led to regional democrati...
Article
The 2018 House of Representatives elections were a historic victory for the Democratic Party. As has been the case in past “wave” elections, however, this victory has posed the risk of factionalism within the party. In this paper we draw upon data on primary competition and independent spending to assess claims that Democratic primaries showed sign...
Article
There is no looking back from the ever-increasing digitalization of political processes and administration. This is a global phenomenon, but it has different impacts in democratic and authoritarian regimes. This theoretical paper seeks to explain this difference using the concept of digital tension. Digital tension refers to incompatibility among t...
Preprint
This paper investigates the psychological effects of the rapid growth of Muslim population on Americans, and it identifies party identity as a moderator for the effects. Four experiments suggest that Republicans and Democrats respond to Muslim population growth with divergent reactions in four different domains: perception of threats, celebratory r...
Article
We study the extent to which centralized democratic institutions enhance collective action under political accountability. In a public goods game with costly punishment, we vary the appointment of one group member to enforce punishment. Specifically, we compare democratically elected punishers to those appointed exogenously, under both single- and...
Chapter
This chapter examines quantitative evidence for a link between a state’s domestic political institutions and its power in the international system. Using standard international relations datasets, it finds significant support for the democratic advantage idea. It is notable how often democracies appear at or near the top of global power rankings. A...
Book
This book is a reference work with an encyclopedic range, offering contemporary and systematic comparisons between the United States and 17 other economically advanced, stable liberal democracies, as well as some more global comparisons. It offers international data on as many aspects of social life as possible, from taxation to traffic accidents,...
Article
This article sketches a theoretical framework and research agenda for what is labeled as 'Comparative Democratic Theory'. It is introduced as an approach to democratic theory which is informed by conceptual and methodological debates from 'Comparative Political Theory' (CPT) as well as from insights from a global history of democratic thought. The...
Chapter
This chapter examines the role and impact of women’s activism in Tunisia’s 2011 revolution, and the current status of the women’s rights movement in Tunisia is also described. The tensions between the secular feminists and religious (especially Salafist) hardliners are presented, and implications for Tunisia’s future political economy as it pertain...
Book
Standing out from all other books on direct democracy, Citizenship and Contemporary Direct Democracy connects the study of direct democracy to the broader field of comparative democratization and to an important strand in normative democratic theory. Analyzing the relationship between direct democracy and representative government, this book is org...
Chapter
This introduction proceeds as follows. First, we briefly outline the main arguments of the contemporary literature regarding the diagnosis and the causes of the decline in democratic quality in contemporary democracies. We then turn to the contributions in this volume, divided into three sets. The first set of contributions focuses on analysing the...
Chapter
This chapter examines the political consequences of different types of regime change in Southern Europe by comparing democratic transitions via ‘elite pacts’ or ‘elite convergence’ with those involving much higher levels of mass mobilization. It begins with overviews of the distinguishing features of the transitions to democracy in Portugal, Greece...
Article
Rapid middle-income growth over the past decades has led to increasing public interest in the developing world’s “new middle classes”. However, these transformations have received less attention in the comparative democratization and welfare-state regime literature. In this review article, we aim to fill this gap by identifying emerging evidence an...
Article
Much has been studied on political representation either in democratic countries or in competitive authoritarian regimes. However, few have attempted to compare across the two. This article fills this gap by comparing democratic and authoritarian representations within the same collective decision-making body: the Legislative Council of Hong Kong....
Article
What role did the US play in one of the latest waves of democratization-the Central and Eastern European wave of electoral breakthroughs in the late 1990s and early 2000s? Did the US orchestrate it? Many in the region and even in the US assume that the US meddles in elections, often promoting regime change under the guise of electoral or (more broa...
Article
Rapid middle-income growth over the past decades has led to increasing public interest in the developing world’s “new middle classes”. However, these transformations have received less attention in the comparative democratization and welfare-state regime literature. In this review article, we aim to fill this gap by identifying emerging evidence an...
Chapter
This chapter outlines the utility for employing case study methodologies to provide sufficient external validity upon which to craft policy relevant to maintaining healthy democratic politics. The broader theoretical context is an investigation into the conditions that might structurally condition democracies to fail via democratic means. Venezuela...
Article
Elections in a democracy are a way to bring about a peaceful transfer of power in an organised and peaceful manner within a legal framework. However, this process, in most countries, carries with it elements of uncertainty and tension. Southern African countries like Botswana and Zambia have more experience with comparative democratic electoral pol...
Article
The article attempts to identify common explanatory factors and internal causal mechanisms behind the poor democratic performance of post-communist semi-presidential regimes. It attributes poor democratic performance to constitutionally powerful presidents supported by single-party-majority cabinets. Under this situation, omnipotent presidents enac...
Book
Democracy in Southeast Asia has been explained using a number of factors including historical legacies, social structures, developmental levels, transitional processes, and institutional designs while other elements, such as elite-level relations and social coalitions, have been overlooked. This book offers a new explanation for democracy’s collaps...
Article
Using samples of both students and workers in China and comparing democratic decision making (i.e. being able to choose one's rules) to non-democratic decision making (i.e. exogenously imposed rule), we show that Chinese participants cooperate the most in a public goods game under the stylized authoritarian environment. This finding may be surprisi...
Article
One of the obstacles to democratic development is the reluctance of political leaders to leave office. This article argues that alongside democratic constraints and accountability, leaders’ career concern—specifically, the possibility of post-tenure careers—is an important factor behind their rotation in office. While literature exists about leader...
Chapter
This article-length preface presents the conceptual framework that links the ten chapters of the book "Integration, Diversity and the Making of a European Public sphere". This book is about the outcome of the efforts of a handful visionary and engaged Europeanists who strove, and are still doing so, for instituting a transnational European public s...
Book
The book explores the consequences of the emergence of a European public sphere for the theory of public sphere. Based on an extended agonistic pluralism perspective, it offers a novel notion of a transnational public sphere. Going beyond the questions of whether a European public sphere exists or is possible, it provides a solid understanding of t...
Article
Pourquoi des enclaves autoritaires subnationales émergent-elles lors des transitions démocratiques fédérales, comme ce fut le cas à Bahia (Brésil) et à Oaxaca (Mexique)? Comment prennent-elles fin bien des années plus tard? Dans cet article, j’avance l’hypothèse que le cycle de vie de ces enclaves est relié à l’instabilité des processus d’hybridati...
Article
This essay examines why the diffusion of autocratic rule tends to unfold more slowly, yet with greater effectiveness (‘success’) than pro-democratic waves often do. A precedent of progressive regime change often inspires fairly unorganized crowds in many other countries to initiative spontaneous emulation efforts, as it happened in the revolutions...
Article
en Scholarship in comparative democratization finds that dialogue between the opposition and the old regime before the advent of democratic elections has consistently produced stable democracies least susceptible to reversals. This is because such “pacted” transitions promote values such as conciliation, compromise building, and consensus seeking....
Article
This study investigates empirically whether or not the presence of minority governments is more likely to induce the erosion of democracy. This is in light of how extant research in comparative democratization has focused on the deleterious effect of ethnic fractionalization on democratic survival. However, more recent work that re-examined the eth...
Chapter
Since the early 1980s, there had been an upsurge in scholarly interest in the processes of democratic transition. This was in large part due to the democratization of the remaining authoritarian regimes in southern Europe, in addition to the then ongoing processes of democratic transformation in Latin America , which cumulatively became known as th...
Article
This article argues that Eastern Europe continues to be defined and redefined not just by the actual patterns of socio-economic and political reproduction of the distant and proximate regimes governing the region but also through the perceptions of such legacies as generating fundamental similarities. Such perceived similarities, whether or not clo...
Book
Media, Liberty and Politics in Malaysia: Comparative Studies on Local Dynamics and Regional Concerns is based on a collection of twelve academic papers. This book traces the development and progress of Malaysia as a nation that embraces issues of media, liberty and politics as essential parts of its culture, policy and well-being of the people. In...
Article
Taking Gerhard Lehmbruchs studies as point of departure, the article outlines an approach to comparative research on democratic governments. Lehmbruch started to study consensus or negotiation democracy at about the same time as Arend Lijphart. While Lijphart drew attention to two dimensions of democratic governments which he condensed into two typ...
Article
The work entitled "Reflections of an Unpolitical Man", written during World War I, includes an essay against the Western states. Thomas Mann compares democratic countries and the societies created after the French Revolution with the German concept of society and a country based on conservative values. Equality is set against hierarchy, the individ...
Chapter
This chapter has two objectives. First, it demonstrates that the regime that existed in Japan from 1918 to 1932 can be defined as semi-democratic. It argues that three distinct regimes—a competitive oligarchical one, a semi-democratic one, and a military authoritarian one—existed between 1889 and 1945. The first spanned 1889 to 1918, the second fro...
Article
In this edited volume, leading Scandinavian social scientists, historians, and philosophers explore the nature of a distinctly Scandinavian, or Nordic, path to modernity. Taking their starting point in individual national experiences, the authors simultaneously try to establish the commonalities within the region and the societal preconditions that...
Chapter
Supporting the diffusion of democracy and human rights has become an important element of the work of many state and non-state actors in international affairs (Diamond, 1995; Burnell, 2000). This trend has been reflected in the growing body of works on democracy promotion (Hassan & Ralph, 2011; Cardwell, 2011) and in the increasing attention the li...
Article
Graphing confidence intervals is informative in presenting studies' results. In this paper, we describe applications of the weighted sum contrasts methods on graphing confidence interval for adjusted mean, their use for comparing two and several groups, and adjustment for covariates. We illustrate the method by studying polychaeta organism densitie...
Article
Using the case of the Serbian social movement Otpor (Resistance), this article argues that learning is critical to the development of an effective movement strategy. This article specifies three learning mechanisms: (1) participation in previous protest campaigns, (2) the cross-national diffusion of ideas, and (3) within-movement deliberation pract...
Article
Global levels of democracy are higher than ever before, and democratic principles are now institutionalized as a world cultural norm. Nevertheless, a number of countries continue to feature governing systems that restrict political rights. Against this backdrop, I revisit traditional claims by world-system theory regarding the impact of the core/pe...
Thesis
This research focuses on the forms of exclusion that democratizing processes have historically facilitated. The dynamics of democratization often lead political coalitions to change electoral rules to simultaneously extend and constrict the right to vote across different categories of persons, as well as to reinforce existing exclusions. This patte...
Article
Synthetic biologists have vigorously debated the need for community-wide biosecurity standards for the past decade. Despite this, the US government’s official response has been limited to weak and entirely voluntary Guidelines. This article describes attempts by journal editors, academic scientists, and commercial firms to organize private alternat...
Article
G Bingham Powell's core intellectual contribution to the study of politics has been to help us understand fundamental normative tradeoffs that are inherent to institutional choice in democratic political systems. The tradeoffs involve dimensions of political performance of central concern in the discipline, including political violence, political p...
Article
We critique the typical use of visual aids at political science conferences and make suggestions about more effective ways to incorporate them into presentations. Our main suggestions are that political scientists should use fewer and simpler slides, and that those slides should contain visually rich information that illustrates a speaker's point w...
Article
Recent work by Capoccia and Ziblatt (2010) attempts to establish a new methodological foundation for the use of history in democratization studies. Response to the authors call for systematic analysis of historical episodes, contextualization of the decisions of political actors and investigation of the role of ideas in the development of democrati...
Article
The global democratic resurgence of the past three-and-a-half decades has been accompanied by a boom in the publication of scholarly work on democracy. Studies of democratic breakdowns, crises, transitions, and consolidation came to dominate the field of comparative politics. During this extraordinary period, no one in the academic book-publishing...
Article
Research on comparative democratization has recently expanded its focus to issues of institutional quality: clientelism, corruption, abuse of executive decree authority, and weak checks and balances. However, problems of institutional quality are so different from those involved in regime transitions that it is unproductive to treat them as part of...
Article
How France became a consolidated democracy after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 has received little attention from students of comparative democratization. Contrary to earlier structural theories, the French case shows that in periods of high social uncertainty, political elites with clear ideological visions of the future have a strategic advanta...
Article
What accounts for the glaring inattention to work on gender within mainstream political science? Part of the problem lies in the substance of scholarship itself. The concepts, central questions, and key variables that predominate in the mainstream literature on comparative democratization and in the literature on gender and democratization have con...