Science topic

Community-Based Participatory Research - Science topic

Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
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Doing research in multilingual contexts can be challenging, as many of you know. I do social science research in Spain, and occasionally come across terms that lack a direct translation between Spanish & English.
A real head-breaker is 'grassroot (initiatives)'. Does anyone have a good translation for this? I'm looking for a term that makes sense for the general public (as I work together with local communities), and is ideally also used in Spanish scientific literature.
Thanks!
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All due respect to you for your excellent Scientific Research Work, very remarkable and with good scheduled.
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Hello!
I have found my sample size based on the population of the city by using online sample size calculators like Survey Monkey. However, the number I get is about 200-300 and I am wondering is this the number of surveys I should distribute, or should I multiply this number by a number (if yes, what number?) or something to account for non-respondant?
I have heard a 5-10% response rate is common, and 10% of 300 is not much... so I am a bit confused about how to proceed.
I appreciate any help!
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Hi,
a sample size of 200-300 persons answering your survey seems to be ok if the city is not that big. Depending on how differentiated your analysis is intended to be (e.g. for living areas, districts and so on) you might want to have more participants.
A response rate of 5-10% is reasonable. So, you would have to contact about 3000 persons. If you want to do a online survey, this can be done by advertising on social media or by using some other way of dissemination, like e-mail lists.
If you do it by regular mail, response rate is also quite low.
If you want to do face to face, these might be less persons to be contacted, because the response rate is higher.
Best
R.
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1. What type of literature should I read for writing a successful concept note?
2. Is there any literature which will help me decide a research question/objective for designing a study will be appropriate for the evaluation of community-based primary prevention models for NCDs?
3. For convincing the donor as a student researcher is it better that I narrow down to a specific prevention model such as Mass Health promotion to reduce NCD, e.g. Hypertension.
a) Do you think a base-line survey of knowledge regarding prevention vs end-line survey will be a strong method of evaluation?
b) If I try to do an RCT - which literature will help me find out what community-based primary preventions interventions recent or interesting?
(This is for an assignment)
Thank you
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OK great. Here are two our books that have case studies on NCDs
good luck
Mohamed
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In developing countries, civil society is often drowned out by politicians. However, it is called upon to participate both in decision-making and in the implementation of development and community education projects, among others. How to make such participation effective?
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It will need to be given a means to finance their adaptation and mitigation activities to meet the various initiatives focused on sustainable forest management.
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Many participatory processes need to come to a form of agreement or consensus as a base to work together or take a decision over an issue. We're interested to know the diversity of methods out there to achieved such objective.
Thanks in advance for your ideas!
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Hi Nicolas, have a look at collaborative conceptual modelling by Barry and Katrina Proust. We have used it with different stakeholders trying to address adaptation to climate change and a colleague has used it to address contestation between foresters and conservationists. It works really well.
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Academic research has been challenging for many local communities as it does not serve community needs. Moreover, many local communities see the term "research" is a different form of colonization for their community, land, and culture, particularly for many Indigenous communities. As a researcher, this is high time to transform our research into community capacity building. What are your perspectives on this challenge from your research? How are you trying to solve this?
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Thanks Hein for your comment.
It may be true that research money does not paid by local authority directly; however, in most cases research money comes from people tax money through government or companies's (extracted from local natural resources or local labor force). Therefore, research money is also local people's money directly and indirectly. On the other issue, research has NEVER been free from "the expectation". Most research always do have agendas/goals/exceptions, these exceptions may be directly or indirectly connected with institutional/academic/industries needs. So, research has never been truly “neutral", there are many done on this science false "neutrality" claim. False "neutrality" is also government or companies's exception.
However, my question was in different point in this post. As a researcher what are our responsibilities while we are doing research in community's natural resources, health, economy, and development? Whose observations give shape to our research questions and practices? Does the research fit with the priorities for research defined by community? Do we have the capacity to participate in our research? Does this research fit with community values? Is the researcher-community agreement fair in terms of benefit sharing, plans for conduct and dissemination, and all other elements of a rigorous community-based research agreement?
I know there are many research done in these challenges; however, the many communities are still facing many challenges from academic and non academic research, and many issues remain unsolved. Many communities are very fearful when they hear the term "research". It does not mean they do not want research, many communities have been using the term "research" from many generations; however, they have different meanings and purposes. As a western-trained researcher, are we failed to understand the community meanings of research that can be benefited for both (participants and research)?
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I'm starting a project to understand how small communities see their water problems but I don't have a strong background on social sciences. Hopefully you can share some literature and things that went good and bad based on your experience.
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You are welcome and all the best in your research.
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The community-based participatory research project is nearing the data analysis stage and i was wandering if people would have suggestions for how to manage this process.
Background
1. There are four diverse groups of peer researchers, young people, sex workers, transgender and village;
2. Two interviews were conducted per research participant;
3. These interviews have been transcribed and translated, and we have discussed the contents of each transcript informally throughout the data collection process;
4. We have two formal days to undertake a data analysis workshop.
MY QUESTIONS
- What background preparation would you ask the peer researchers to do before the formal data analysis workshop?
- Would you run the data analysis workshops separately for each of the 4 community groups and why?
- Do you have any other suggestions for this data analysis phase?
Terimah Kasih Jamee
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Thanks all. Yes qualitative data was conducted by 13 peer researchers in semi-structured interviews and I will be facilitating the joint meaning making data analysis workshop.
The peer researchers were recruited from transgender, sex worker and youth communities and are really diverse in terms of language spoken (Indonesian, Javanese, English), religious background, education, age, gender, sexuality etc. The research is exploring sexual and reproductive health priorities and barriers using a cultural and gender approach, but the data analysis workshop will (It think) at first have to be more pragmatic and thematic focused.
I have asked all peer researchers to think about the key findings in their own transcripts and then hope we can work through this over 2 days in our data analysis workshop.
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I work in collaborative conservation and citizen science
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Thanks Elizabete - sorry for my crazy late reply. Hope all is well - Greg
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A good collaboration between traditional authorities, festival organizing team and environmentalists would result in a fruitful festival program pregnant with environmentally friendly activities.
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Dear Issam Sir,
Slowly and gradually the two conflicting parties have met at common point. Frontier mentality is now changed to Sustainable mentality and it is possible to have liaison with traditional authorities to accomplish dear Dickson's objectives.
The concept of sustainable development is the concept of needs and limitations imposed by technology and society on environment’s ability to meet the present and future needs. The concept provides a frame work for the integration of the environmental policies and development strategies. The development should not endanger the natural systems that support life on earth.
Many industries today operate with “frontier mentality” This kind of mentality is also called as “human-centered” view. The philosophy of such people is founded on wrong assumptions as under:
  • The world has infinite nature of resources for human consumption
  • Humans are different entity from environment
  • Environment should be overcome by humans
With this mentality of negative attitude towards the environment the advancement in Science and technology increased the human ability to use the earth’s resources and continuously increased the damage.
Since last two to three decades there is environmental awareness. People know that we belong to the ‘world of finite nature of resources’. The constant exploitation of the nature for material consumption can only bring danger leading to climate change and extinct of human life on the earth.
Hence the concept of sustainable development leads us to new resource consumption strategies. The people with the sustainable attitude towards nature want balance between ‘ecology’ and ‘economy’. They rely upon the basic ideas that
  • Excessive use of the natural resources should be reduced and should be conserved
  • Recycling and reuse of the materials and
  • More use of renewable energy resources like solar energy rather than non-renewable resources like oil, petroleum and coal.
The philosophy of sustainable development aims at meeting the basic needs of all downtrodden and deprived people in this world, the opportunities to satisfy their desires and needs for “the good life”. This can overcome the problems of poverty and lead to conservative approach. Further it is a fact that the people in the world are living longer and the global population is on the constant rise.
With the green buildings and smart cities concept , I am confident that all traditional authorities will start using eco-friendly material because environmental resources are common.
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Dear colleagues,
I am looking for a group, or invidual ethic hackers for in depth  interviews concerning the dangers and knowledge of the 'Deep Web'.
Any suggestions or 'organisations' are welcome.
Thank you,
Bert 
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Thanks Sabina! 
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research in health
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I do think of these as two separate approaches to analysis, where Braun & Clarke's (2006) version of thematic analysis is much more widely used. Indeed, I would say that Rtichie & Lewis' framework analysis never really caught on outside of Britain. But since you are in Britain, you might well have advisors who could guide you in that approach.
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In my current work I aim to create a theoretical psychological model for Athlete's Mental Optimum but I am in need of articles/books on the topic.
Also about the difference between structural and functional models in social sciences.  
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Thank you Michael, that is just what I was looking for. :)
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In my book "Public Participation as a Tool for Integrating Local Knowledge into Spatial Planning" (Springer, 2017) I compare between the respective capabilities of different participatory practices - top-down as well as bottom-up - to capture residents' local knowledge (e.g., needs, perceptions, perspectives, opinions) and incorporate it into planning and plans. The comparison is conducted according to dozens parameters such as 'the motivators for participatory processes', 'procedures and tools employed in the participatory processes', 'the interaction between stakeholders', 'exposure of local knowledge', 'characteristics of local knowledge exposed', etc.
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Though there are several methods, depending on the sample size you are assessing, in my perspective face to face interviews/questionnaires are generally feasible to get relevant data, using both focus groups or relevant parts oat the planning level.
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How can I get data/reflections of the community voice? Does anyone know any relevant project/program or NGO to look at?
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Hi Samah,
It happened again. I am not able to download the documents. Please, would you be able to send them to my university email?
I do really apologize to bother you again
Regards
Mercedes
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The title of the research is: "Participatory Communication and Community Development: The Ghanaian Experience"
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Many thanks, everyone. It's been helpful. God bless you
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I have designed a theoretical framework to assess and assist community Resilience building.I want to extract indicators from each of the components within the framework I proposed. Do you know examples of using Framework method(Jane Ritchie and Liz Spencer) to analyse data that has been guided by a theoretical framework? How do go about extracting indicators from this? It is all qualitative data and I will be analysing it in NVivo.
Many thanks
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Thank you Chris and Kate for your help. You're right, I needed to be more explicit on what criteria the indicators needed to meet. I had a spreadsheet from each case study which showed the criteria each indicator met but I need to map that more clearly in NVivo through my coding structure. 
I struggled to find articles that showed empirically grounded qualitative resilience indicators that showed that link between mapping the framework onto the analysis.
Thank you both again,
Kate
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The StochSS team is writing a renewal proposal for the grant that funded StochSS.  If you are a StochSS user,  please consider writing us a brief letter, on your letterhead, stating who you are, what you work on, and what StochSS has helped you to accomplish.  Send it to me at petzold@cs.ucsb.edu.  To be useful, I need to hear from you by the end of February.
Many thanks!
Linda Petzold
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No, I'm not using it.
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Community forest management is a popular concept that can be used to empowering local community while contributing forest management, yet in practice gathering community as a group not easy work. What do you think about Theory of Community Empowerment'? Is it useful for above work?   
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 Thanks all for your contribution regarding my question.
I agree with Raoul [An important finding is that practices largely vary, that empowerment as often works as it fails, and that all depends on context. Don't think too easy about it]
. As I alsobelieve  gathering community as a group is a not easy work since project planners have to face many practical challenges in the ground. On the other hand challenges also will be different place to place. For an example caste issue will be a one of the great challenges in the Asian context which is not common to the other contexts. 
But theoretically (as I understood) community empowerment is one of the major objectives of bottom up development projects and the idea of power is at the core of empowerment. The theory of community empowerment is about ‘giving social and political power to marginalized people to obtain more control over their lives’.
This power can be developed either by particular social groups or by taking help from others. The notion of ‘social empowerment’ can be well used by project planners to prepare a particular social structure before applying a bottom up development approach. especially as Frances Moore Lappé  has highlighted  the concept of ‘political empowerment’ is another aspect of community empowerment and it is an essential and important part in any bottom-up and community based development . What do you think about those ideas?  
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Hello! I am currently conducting a research for my PhD on the incidence of drug use among the sexually exploited victims of human trafficking.
The aim of the research is to identify the existing connections between drug use and sexual exploitation for the purpose of drafting specifically tailored prevention measures and assistance measures. In this context, I was wondering if you have come across this subject before or if you know existent research on the nexus between sexual exploitation and use of drugs.
Personal opinions on the subject would also be valuable as they might reflect angles of which we have not thought of analyzing before.
Thank you very much in advance for your inputs and good luck to everyone with the conducted researches!
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Dear Marcel,
Yes, exactly this is what I was looking for! Thank you so much!
Best wishes and good luck in your research!
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I am seeking your responses for my research project. I am interested, your voice relating to Indigenous community. Any help will be greatly appreciated
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Knowledge is never neutral. An individual's location within the social structure conditions his/her access to knowledge. This implies that there is a knowledge hierarchy and what you are told is what they want you to know. The custodians of local knowledge can grant access and therefore consent only if they want.
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I have seen the different notions comprising community capacity measured (for instance community participation or social capital). But I have not seen any measures out there of community capacity as a construct. Ideas? Thanks.
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Dear David, these might be helpful too:
Minkler, M., Vasquez, V. B., Tajik, M. & Petersen, D. (2008). Promoting environmental justice through community-based participatory research: the role of community and partnership capacity. Health education & behaviour, 35(1), 119-137. 10.1177/1090198106287692.
Cargo, M. & Mercer, S. L. (2008). The value and challenges of participatory research: strengthening its practice. Annual review of public health, 29, 325-350.
Best of luck!
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As public agencies mostly want to partner with local people or other community actors for joint projects or collaborative activities, what practical steps conveners or agencies need to win local people trust? what will make them buy into this idea of partnership? I found the article below more useful, any other suggestions?
Rising to the challenge: A framework for optimising value in collaborative natural resource governance. Forest Policy and Economics, 67, 20-29.
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Listening is the most important thing outsiders can do. Then, ask clarifying questions-- people on the ground know a great deal.   
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may I know the minimum amount of students that can be selected for a pilot test?
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Respected researchers
Thank you for the reply from bottom of my heart
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I am working on an evaluation of participatory communication for agricultural research projects in Vietnam.
I am thinking to use the six dimensions of participatory research suggested by Neef and Neubert (2011, p.5) to analyze my qualitative data.
The dimensions are: I) project type, II) research approach, III) researcher’s characteristics, IV) interaction between researchers and other stakeholders, V) stakeholders’ characteristics, and VI) stakeholders’ benefits (more details in the below link).
I would very much appreciate if anyone who used the framework before can provide some feedback.
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We analyzed the participation by the level of participation in decision-making process, focused on users of social organizations.
If your are interested in this particular work, don´t hesitate...
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I direct a program of studies on neurocognition, substance abuse and HIV.  Our previous recruitment strategies (HIV or SUD treatment facilities, community organizations and word of mouth) work well for some of our participant groups but not others.   Any input from researchers using FB, Twitter etc for recruitment would be extremely helpful.  thanks
Eileen Martin  
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Thank you!
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And if, what are their web sites?
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Experiments - I'm not sure - but in Australia both these groups are certainly well set up to detect changes... http://reeflifesurvey.com/ and http://www.redmap.org.au/
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I have co-developed a community development model in Erris, Co. Mayo, Ireland, and I wondered if anyone else was working in this area.
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One of the programmes that showed lot of improvement of children behaviors and also in understanding the underlying causes of what constitutes bullying in schools was the conflict resolution programmes which was conducted in schools in Durban Surrounding Primary Schools in South Africa, and it is still practiced. The facilitators of the small groups of about 7 learners per group made it more effective as learners were able to trust each other and engage in a group easily to discus some of the serious issues they face and how the perceive and end up in such behaviors, either as victims or perpetrators. Please find the attach manual that can guide such practices for school setting. 
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My organization is involved in community based inclusive development (previous CBR) and one of the cornerstones is the use of volunteers. We need to strengthen our understanding in what motivates these valuable individuals sharing their time with the most needy in society. Since most of our programs are in Africa, studies from there would be highly relevant.
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This article
1.Innovation in supervision and support of community health workers for better newborn survival in southern Tanzania.
and this 
2.Effect of home-based counselling on newborn care practices in southern Tanzania one year after implementation: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.
could help you practical examples of what works in an african setting, i have been in the center of this for the past 6 years...should you have any thing that need more light,pls dont hesitate to ask
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For community based participatory research we put the 'members of the community' at the centre of the model. Adopting the golden circle model of 'Why-How-What' helps us synthesizing the policy level, procedure level, and operational level action items for identifying our research questions, methodologies, and deliverables. Extrapolation of this model into our research has been yielding greater efficacy and insight. At this level we are very interested to know about any validity analysis of this inspirational leadership model for using in research.
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So far I am unaware if there is a validated model. But I suggest that questions why?  How? and what?  Assigned a relative weight in terms of the objectives of the research in order to provide an analysis of validity
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I am attempting to gather experiences of researchers who conduct community based participatory research, with particular focus on ethical challenges in the course of their research.
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Hello Rachel
Thanks so much for your reflections.  My research blog is still open.  Would you be interested in contributing these reflections to that blog - a cut and past job would be fine if you are happy to do this?    The blog is at www.cbprethics.wordpress.com
You raise an interesting question about the distinctions between the co-researchers and the community ..... I wonder then if the researcher is the other part of that co in the co-researching equation and how could that be accommodated?  
I am very interested to read your article when it is published.  Thanks again.
Elena
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Does anyone know of a set of principles or tools for community engagement that are or have been effective in developing community resilience?
I am trying to critically evaluate differing methods and approaches for community engagement based on case studies.
If anyone could suggest any effective case studies, frameworks or guiding principles that would assist me I would be grateful.
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Hei!
This recently published paper by Ross & Berkes might be helpful:
Ross, H., & Berkes, F. Research Approaches for Understanding, Enhancing, and Monitoring Community Resilience. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal, advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/08941920.2014.905668
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I am interested in conducting a sexual network mapping exercise with men living in a rural community as a means of bringing about/contributing to sexual behaviour change (reduction in multiple concurrent partnerships or at least consistent condom use).
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I'm assuming that by low-income you are referring to not necessarily having the resources to buy expensive mapping software. With that in mind, there is Epi Map - free from the CDC (http://wwwn.cdc.gov/epiinfo/), which is part of their Epi Info suite. And ArcGIS (from ESRI; http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/explorer) has a free version with limited capabilities, but fine for relatively simple mapping/analysis. I haven't used it, but there is also a free, open-source GIS software called GRASS GIS (http://grass.osgeo.org/). I don't do much GIS work so that's all I'm familiar with at the moment. Good luck!
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Each one of us has certain preferences concerning what research activities we would like to do. What are your preferences? What is your favorite research topic? Do you like doing conventional research or action research? Why?
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"To boldly go where no man has gone before"-- "Star Trek" (A good editor would grimace at the split infinitive.)
I am a research "trekkie." My "action research" leads me into distant archives rarely or never explored even by the native scholars. I love to surprise my scholarly readers by unusual archival finds. Although I am formally trained only in literature, my finds span many different fields: literature, music, philosophy, theology, history, and medical anthropology. I´ve always been encouraged to do this kind of wide-ranging research, and so I performed it and hopefully will continue as long as my health persists.
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In the course of conducting CBPR research, I have reflected on situations, which raised ethical questions for me. I wondered about the extent to which other CBPR researchers around the world might be having similar questions. A scoping review revealed that while there was much interest and writing on the topic there is no body of work that brings together experiences of CBPR researchers globally relating to ethics at the different stages of the research process.
Subsequently, I chose to write about the ethical implications of CBPR as part of my PhD.
If you are a CBPR researcher and you would like to participate in this study, you are invited to post about your experiences on a blog with dedicated use for this study.
More information can be found at http://wp.me/4fzpl where you can also read the Participant Information Statement.
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Yes, the existing ethics review processes seem to be viewed by many researchers, to be less than ideal for assessing the ethical rigour of CBPR. Certainly an appropriate ethical framework that responds to the complexities of CBPR could help but I wonder how that framework might look?
The study I am conducting on the topic of ethical implications of CBPR can be found at :-
where you are very welcome to join the study and share your comments.
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I'm interested in frameworks or strategies (to be used in a participatory manner) that can be used to better conceptualise local socio-cultural forms at a community-level. This will allow community-based adaptation (CBA) projects to appropriately and sensitively build on local socio-cultural forms so that resultant adaptation strategies are empowering, effective, appropriate and sustainable. Perhaps no frameworks exist in the CBA space, but analogous examples exist in the CBDRM, CBNRM or participatory development literature.
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I don't know of any frameworks for assessment of cultural dimension (what ISN'T a cultural dimension?), as such, but would propose that frameworks for *engagement* would be more important. Lots of work from the Arctic along these lines (see Fikret Berkes and many others). I suspect that for many, the "participatory" label implies, rightly or wrongly, that cultural dimensions will be threaded throughout the activity.
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I am hoping to use Art Therapy ideas and concepts, alongside Community Development and Community Art practices, to enhance the environment in urban neighborhoods, bringing healing and peace to the city. My hope in asking this questions is that we begin a dialogue about past efforts to do what I have a passion to do (stated above). In this effort, let us consider how we may spur each other on toward love and good deeds.
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Hi
Catherine Moon has worked in this area. Check out the following:
Moon, C., & Shuman, V. (2013). The community art studio: Creating a space of solidarity and inclusion. In P. Howie, S. Prasad, & J. Kristel (Eds.), Using art therapy with diverse populations: Crossing cultures and abilities (pp. 297-307). London, England: Jessica Kingsley.
Kind regards
Susan
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Community based research uses collective impact for effective outcome and research for change initiatives. Maximizing collective impact is an issue now. We need more suggestions.
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David, consider the "intervention" from a foreign agent and the "collective impact" on U.S. society by the bombings of 9-11. What a laboratory test-case!
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Community based research incorporates researchers with academics and community members. But in many cases orchestration of the team in the same frequency needs skill-based coordination. There are other novel challenges we face.
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Managing boundaries and I wrote a blog on AEA about it: http://aea365.org/blog/dawn-henderson-on-managing-boundaries/
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For example, studies in which the community has been involved actively in the identification, documentation, and safeguarding of cultural heritage.
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Could be related, have a read of that, if you can't get access, there should be a copy linked only profile. :)
Andy Crabtree, Alan Chamberlain, Mark Davies, Kevin Glover, Stuart Reeves, Tom Rodden, Peter Tolmie and Matt Jones (2013) “Doing Innovation in the Wild”, CHItaly 2013, Trento, Italy
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Quite often, I see action research studies that say they are 'participatory' when they don't appear to be and, moreso, action research studies that clearly are participatory - but do not claim to be. Is it as simple as 'participation' in action research makes it 'participatory' - or is it more complex than that? For instance, based on social critical research theory - does organisational and individual emancipation and empowerment need to be in place for it to be 'truely' participatory?
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Action research requires the researcher(s) to use the results of the research to act upon and change the situation being studied. The action intervention may be part of the research design.
Participatory action research requires the people who are the subject of the study both to take part in making the analysis and then to use the findings to (a) understand and interpret the situation (b) make decisions and (c) act upon and change the situation they have analyzed.
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Species monitoring programs in Europe and North America often use unspecialized local collaborators to monitor species throughout countries. This seems extremely hard to do in the Neotropics where the large species diversity almost forbids this approach. Butterflies, for instance, is a group that has benefited much from this approach in both continents. Can we do it in megadiverse countries?
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Hi Onildo,
I see several possibilities to recruit local people in species monitoring. The most basic one is simply to collect casual observations. You can do many valuable things with this type of data and it's easy for people to join. However, an approach that collects information on observer effort and zero-observations has much more potential and power. You could do this in various ways, like for example:
1) Follow one or very few target species like a rare raptor
2) Follow a group of species like parrots
3) Follow all species
A survey method that is very successful in many countries are point counts. These could be extended with line transects or polygon surveys. In surveys that follow only one species is it advisable not only to record the presence of the species, but also information on reproduction.
Observations and surveys could be entered in web-based systems like ebird.org (only for birds) or observado.org (all species groups).
Cheers,
Henk
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I'm conducting focus group research on resilience and community wellness to include suicide prevention.
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In a recent article in Psychiatric Times (Psychiatric Times. Vol. 30 No. 5 ) the authors Patricia Watson and Yuval Neria discuss the determinants and resilience factors post trauma. This article contains much useful information on the use of active problem solving approaches and the need for practicing a variety of coping strategies. In a group situation I would concentrate on discussing what strategies the participants have found useful in building their resilience.
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How can team spirit be helpful in upgrading the level of research output?
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@ Mpefe Ketlhapile: I am glad to hear from you that you have an agreement with the statement given by Sridhar reflecting appealing relevance to my query.
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My question is for Community- Based Participatory Research (CBPR) investigators.
I am conducting a CBPR study to examime African American and Latina women's attitudes, perspectives and beliefs about participating in a breast cancer study that involves blood. The hypothesis is that metabolic syndrome increases risk for breast cancer in estrogen receptor negative AA and Latina breast cancer patients.
For the CBPR study during the recruitment of women what conceptual model should my study be based on? I am familiar with the theory of reasoned action theoretical framework. The framework assumes that a person's attitudes toward performing a behavior is determined by his or her beliefs about the outcome. I am also familiar with the logic model.
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After some reading I came across the following theories by level of influence and category. Interpersonal level (Continum theory, stimulus response theory, therory of reasoned action, theroy of planned behavior, theory of freeing, health belief model, elaboration likelihood model of persuation) Interpersonal level (continum theory, social cognitive theory); Community level (communicaion theory, community organizing, community building, diffusion of innovations and community readiness model) Does any one use any of these theories as conceptual frameworks for your community research projects? What did you learn?