Science topic

Commerce - Science topic

The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
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Publications related to Commerce (10,000)
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Recent advancements in disruptive technology have gathered extensive data from various sectors, including healthcare, transportation, retail, market prediction, surveillance, finance, and telecommunication. Quantifiable information has been obtained from the massive amount of shared consumer data to achieve valuable insights into each of these sect...
Chapter
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In the modern world, the stock market plays a crucial role in the country’s economic development and is amongst the most versatile sectors in the country’s financial system. It provides a platform for investors to trade shares, bonds, and debentures and allows the companies to raise the much-required funds to boost their business. In this way, the...
Article
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Kirillova E.A., Zulfugarzade T.E., Blinkov O.E., Serova O.A., Mikhaylova I.A. Prospects for developing the legal regulation of digital platforms // JURIDICAS CUC. 2022. Vol. 18. № 1. P. 35-52. The study considers the prospects for the legal regulation of public and private digital platforms. Digital platforms have replaced linear businesses and cha...
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The fruit fly is one of the detrimental pests to mango production in Indonesia. Information about fruit fly species in the mango production areas is pivotal for analyzing pest risk assessment, developing appropriate standards for plant quarantine treatment, and managing its control programs. This study aims to analyze the fruit fly abundance and co...
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Consumer interest in genetic and genomic testing is growing rapidly, with more than 26 million Americans having purchased direct-to-consumer genetic testing services. Capitalizing on the increasing comfort of consumers with genetic testing outside the clinical environment, commercial vendors are expanding their customer base by marketing genetic an...
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Jaén is one of the most important cities in the northern highlands of Peru due to its strategic location, commerce, and agricultural activities. Jaén has more than 185 thousand inhabitants, of which 48% live in rural areas, representing approximately 31 thousand rural housing. This research aims to determine the types of rural housing in Jaén, show...
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The spatial distribution of commercial activities is vital to support healthy lifestyles and to achieve livable public spaces and environmental, social and economic sustainability in our cities. However, commercial activities require a constant flow of expenditure for their own viability. As a result, understanding the spatial and temporal distribu...
Article
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Background Whole-body (WB) MRI, which includes diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and T 1 -w Dixon, permits sensitive detection of marrow disease in addition to qualitative and quantitative measurements of disease and response to treatment of bone marrow. We report on the first study to embed standardised WB-MRI within a prospective, multi-centre mye...
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Under the influence of cosmic improvement, photovoltaic (PV) container power capability decreases. In this case study, several passive and active chilling exploratory studies are carried out on a PV container to determine their effects on the energetic and warm depiction of a PVT scheme. All experiments are carried out on a cosmic person who poses...
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As a new alternative fuel vehicle for energy reserve strategy, the development of methanol vehicles in China has been at the forefront. Completed pilot projects have demonstrated that methanol vehicles can effectively reduce fuel costs and pollutant emissions during driving. In addition to methanol vehicles, alternative fuel vehicles such as electr...
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In the study, an attempt has been made to investigate academic self-efficacy and academic performance of undergraduate students in relation to gender and streams of education. The subjects of the study consisted of 120 undergraduate boys and girls enrolled in the Arts, Commerce, and Science streams of education. Primary data were collected using an...
Article
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This article explores the potential of artificial intelligence for identifying cases where digital vendors fail to comply with legal obligations, an endeavour that can generate insights about business practices. While heated regulatory debates about online platforms and AI are currently ongoing, we can look to existing horizontal norms, especially...
Article
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This paper presents a practical approach to calculate the total owning cost (TOC) of a three-phase Induction Motor, which is based on the motor’s nameplate data and the purchasing price. The economic evaluation is performed considering both the induction motor electrical energy losses and its amortized annual capital cost. The proposed technique co...
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Traditional markets form a critical part of rural-urban food systems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Aside from providing more affordable and physically accessible food to low-income consumers, traditional markets serve as wholesalers to street vendors, create market entry points for smallholder farmers, and provide essential employment opportunities...
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CNC (Computer Numeric Control) has long been used in manufacturing. Hardware and software integration is part of the CNC system. Various integrations have been developed to address issues such as vendor dependency, affordability, adaptability, and sustainability. The Open Architecture Control (OAC) technology-based system was a big hit among them....
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ARM TrustZone offers a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) embedded into the processor cores. Some vendors offer ARM modules that do not fully comply with TrustZone specifications, which may lead to vulnerabilities in the system. In this paper, we present a DMA attack tutorial from the insecure world onto the secure world, and the design and implem...
Conference Paper
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A/B tests, or online controlled experiments, are heavily used in industry to evaluate implementations of ideas. While the statistics behind controlled experiments are well documented and some basic pitfalls known, we have observed some seemingly intuitive concepts being touted, including by A/B tool vendors and agencies, which are misleading, often...
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This article clarifies the involvement of the Sino-Vietnamese people in Ho Chi Minh City's economy from 1996 to 2016. Vietnam has accelerated the process of industrialization and modernization since 1996, and Ho Chi Minh City now has a thriving local economy. As with other ethnic groups, the Sino-Vietnamese people have made a considerable contribut...
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This paper investigates determinants of recommendation systems’ performance in an online experiment in a large European Internet footwear store. By combining transactional data and archival customer records, a unique database was compiled from which proxy variables were extracted to represent dimensions of consumer loyalty and shopping involvement....
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Environmental protection and awareness is at the top of world agenda, and is an important theme in the 21st century. Now there are many environmentally friendly products and techniques being introduced into banks. More and more financial institutes are coming to realize the importance of sustainability. Customers appreciate banks with a low-carbon...
Preprint
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This work briefly discusses the potential applications of the Skipper-CCD technology in astronomy and reviews its current use in dark matter and neutrino experiments. An overview of the ongoing efforts to build multi-kilogram experiments with these sensors is given, in the context of the Oscura experiment. First results from the characterization of...
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Considering the energy resource profile in the country, Homi Bhabha underscored the need for the development of atomic energy, advocated the pursuit of a closed fuel cycle and selected the reactor system to be adopted by India for large-scale deployment. Following the vision outlined by him, India selected pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs) o...
Preprint
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Electroless nickel plating is an established industrial process that, thanks to its high nickel content, provides a robust and relatively low-cost coating suitable for ultracold-neutron (UCN) transport and storage. Using roughness measurements and UCN-storage experiments we characterized UCN guides made from polished aluminum or stainless-steel tub...
Preprint
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Product Life Cycle Management (PLM) software manages data during the development of a product, from prototype to manufacturing, after-sales, and maintenance. Originally, PLM software was developed for the aviation and auto manufacturing industries to help manage the complexity of resources with millions of parts and multiple vendors/suppliers (Mull...
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This paper explores pláticas (conversations) as a ground-up methodological approach to community engagement for the Latino community. Pláticas is a method that enables the coproduction of planning narratives, bringing together local knowledge of community members and the trained expertise of people in the position of urban planning. The study consi...
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This study aims to investigate the cultural heritage as a strengthening factor in the social media engagement. The research is based on a content analysis conducted on 3200 posts published on Facebook by a sample of 64 medium-size and large companies registered in the "Register of Long-lived Firms" of Italian Chamber of Commerce. The Register invol...
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Cloud momentum seems unstoppable in Nigeria, as businesses and organizations in the country see less and less advantage in the slog of maintaining their infrastructure. The shift to the cloud in today's COVID-19 driven world has created an opportunity for investments to improve local cloud computing services. However, there are key challenges that...
Article
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The spread of coronavirus has severely affected the behaviour of investors. It made the world commerce panic during the period of Covid-19. The investors could not find the substitutability of conventional methods of investment rather they believe on digital method of currency transaction i.e., crypto currency. The volatility of investment market i...
Article
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In this paper, the authors, based on a case study of the Polish healthcare IT system being deployed to the cloud, show the possibilities for limiting the computing resources consumption of rarely used services. The architecture of today’s developed application systems is often based on the architectural style of microservices, where individual grou...
Article
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Background: Patent medicine vendors (PMVs) have become a major source of medicines in Nigeria, especially for acute conditions. Although they are prohibited from selling antibiotics, PMVs stock, and dispense antibiotics in communities. They are often the closest source of these medications to the populace. A basic knowledge of proper antimicrobial...
Article
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Over the past two decades, there has been a consistent increase in the volume of multinational activity and the percentage of global commerce that multinational firms account for. The purpose of this article is to econometrically analyze the relationship between Rwanda's economic growth from 1980 to 2020, exchange rates, imports, and foreign direct...
Article
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The spread of coronavirus has severely affected the behaviour of investors. It made the world commerce panic during the period of Covid-19. The investors could not find the substitutability of conventional methods of investment rather they believe on digital method of currency transaction i.e., crypto currency. The volatility of investment market i...
Article
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This paper contributes to a growing body of literature focusing on Anton Wilhelm Amo's account of the mind‐body relation. The first aim of this paper is to provide an overview of that literature, bringing together several interpretations of Amo's account of the mind‐body relation and providing a comprehensive overview of where the debate stands so...
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China has become more significant in international commerce as the global economy and globalization have advanced. China's economy has risen to become the world's second biggest since the "reform and openness" and "five-year plan" were implemented. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) became a key element of developing market socialism in China througho...
Preprint
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The complexity of modern integrated circuits (ICs) necessitates collaboration between multiple distrusting parties, including thirdparty intellectual property (3PIP) vendors, design houses, CAD/EDA tool vendors, and foundries, which jeopardizes confidentiality and integrity of each party's IP. IP protection standards and the existing techniques pro...
Article
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Currently, Android apps are easily targeted by malicious network traffic because of their constant network access. These threats have the potential to steal vital information and disrupt the commerce, social system, and banking markets. In this paper, we present a malware detection system based on word2vec-based transfer learning and multi-model im...
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The trading system deals with every part of human life and thus commerce education becomes an education for better living. Any human activity, thought or idea, feeling, sentiment or emotion, which could promote the self-development of the individual in all its dimensions, could be said to constitute a value. Commerce education has great significanc...
Preprint
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In this paper we present MetaEmu, an architecture-agnostic emulator synthesizer geared towards rehosting and security analysis of automotive firmware. MetaEmu improves over existing rehosting environments in two ways: Firstly, it solves the hitherto open-problem of a lack of generic Virtual Execution Environments (VXEs) for rehosting by synthesizin...
Article
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Edge Abstract-COVID-19 pandemic has unexpectedly affected our day-today lifestyles disrupting the sector exchange and movements. Wearinga protective face mask has come to be a new ordinary. In the near future, many public carrier vendors will ask the clients to wear masks efficiently to available in their services. Therefore, face mask detection ha...
Article
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This era known as a globalization, privatisation, democratisation in which works, commitments, responsibilities, accountability and liability are done speedily through online process. Everyone wants to carry out and accomplish all their works so speedily without any delay through online website portal. There are lot of chances to make plunder parti...
Conference Paper
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Information is found in various forms like Misinformation, Disinformation, Impartial Information, legit and complete information. Content is a derived form of the information created by the content writer for conveying the information. Considering the growing volume of content, it is a tough task to decide on useful and irrelevant content. To deal...
Article
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Le capitalisme et la démocratie suivent des logiques différentes : droits de propriété inégalement répartis d'un côté, droits civiques et politiques égaux d'autre part ; commerce axé sur le profit au sein du capitalisme par opposition à la recherche du bien commun au sein de la démocratie ; le débat, le compromis et la prise de décision à la majori...
Article
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Business organizations are today no more confined in single geographical markets, the need to significantly grow to newer markets with its existing or new offerings has spurred globalization. The development in international business compels organizations to focus on world as a market. These organizations' setting up manufacturing plants and busine...
Article
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Any society's economy serves as the fundamental foundation for its development. Only by achieving financial luxuries is it possible for people to develop mentally, physically, and culturally. The resources and commercial activities a country has access to have been seen to be the primary drivers of its progress. Neither a passport nor a visa are ne...
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Despite the fact that online purchase intention has been widely investigated, little is known about the e-retailer-based signals used to reduce online customers’ uncertainty perception in high-uncertainty-avoidance (UA) societies. Thus, based on signaling and uncertainty literature, this study investigates return policy leniency (RPL), cash on deli...
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A significant characteristic of live streaming commerce is that popularity cues are tactically created and utilized to improve product sales, as atmospheric cues. However, research on live streaming commerce that investigates the effects of popularity cues is scarce. This study aims to reveal the role of popularity cues, including streamer populari...
Article
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A new version of SPP. The single period (news-vendor) problem with initial stochastic inventory inventory. This paper considers SPP with initial inventory at the beginning of the period as a stochastic variable. Simple relations presents for normal and uniform distributions. The presented model can be modified for developing stochastic production...
Chapter
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Entrepreneurship Education is an integral aspect of education. It steers the growth of economy, increases labor force participation and paves the path of a cultural society. Entrepreneurship is important at under graduate level to improve the economy from an individual to a society, community and up to the globe. It is observed by the researchers t...
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This first wave study of the Covid-19 pandemic investigates why the governments of different countries proceeded to lockdown at different speeds. We draw upon the literature on Corporate Governance Institutions (CGIs) to theorize that governments’ decision-making is undertaken in the light of prevailing beliefs, norms, and rules of the collectivity...
Conference Paper
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Adhering to the educational reforms implemented on national level on the recommendation of the presidential task force, The Faculty of Management Studies and Commerce (FMSC), University of Sri Jayewardenepura (USJ) was restructured in the year 2000. This effort comprised of the achievement of objectives to face the challenges of the new millennium,...
Article
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Fruit ripening on a perennial tree or vine is typically asynchronous and rarely investigated. In commerce, this is problematic as it impairs sampling to meet commercial maturity and quality standards at harvest. For grapevines, understanding within-grapevine variability in berry maturity will benefit precision management and harvest planning. It is...
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The rate at which cities are growing over decades with unprecedented increase in the use of utilities such as water, energy, education, housing, sanitation etc. calls for concern. The unprecedented population growth has led to the agitation for smart cities where little efforts will be utilized to achieve maximum output. However, the government of...
Article
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For some time now, there has been an increased proliferation of sachet packaged water sold in almost all sale points, even in the streets. With its doubtful quality, it becomes important to carry out a study on the bacteriological examination of those sachets of drinking water in the city of Garoua. 200 samples were collected for the bacteriologica...
Article
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Work-life balance (WLB) is a crucial area of HRM (Human Resource Management), which has become a top priority for employees globally. Hence, this research intends to evaluate the HRM department's role in enhancing WLB while considering Oando as the case study and providing recommendations that could help the company and its workers improve WLB, lea...
Thesis
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Le contexte considéré dans ce livre est le commerce électronique transfrontalier, qui est principalement caractérisé par un niveau de risque élevé, qui augmente encore plus dans le cadre de la phase initiale d’une relation. Dans ce cas, la meilleure solution pour le vendeur revient à établir la confiance initiale chez le consommateur. C’est dans c...
Article
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RESUMEN Se analiza la legitimidad del nombre comercial, ante registro de marcas y denominaciones sociales, en decisiones del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina, pues hay ambigüedad sobre sus funciones y escasa articulación entre las Cámaras de Comercio, entidades que gestionan el registro mercantil, y oficinas de propiedad intelectual. Se...
Article
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En plein crise de la pandémie de la COVID-19, les Etats ont veillé à ce que le commerce international des biens agricoles ne soit pas perturbé pour garantir l'approvisionnement en produits agricoles primaires et transformés. Malgré cela, au cours de cette pandémie plusieurs interruptions inédites ont été observées. La présente publication recense e...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the relationship between compliance check violations, and characteristics of the tobacco retailer and neighborhood social vulnerability in Oklahoma. Design This cross-sectional study utilized the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Compliance Check Inspections of Tobacco Product Retailers database for 2015–2019. These data...
Article
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The usage of data has grown exponentially well across prominent sectors in both public and private organizations. Security policies for the data are inevitable as data plays a major role even in prominent sectors like healthcare, defense. Accessing the data from the cloud is one of the easiest ways which is why most of the cloud service vendors pay...
Article
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Microbial transglutaminase (TG) is an enzyme isolated on an industrial scale from Streptomyces mobaraensis. Technical TG, a formulated powder, is primarily used to restructure meat in the meat-processing industry, typically at a 1% concentration and is often referred to as “meat glue.” In the European Union, meat restructured with TG requires the i...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) for prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is starting to play a clinical role for prostate cancer (PCa) patients. AI-assisted reading is feasible, allowing workflow reduction. A total of 3,369 multi-vendor prostate MRI cases are available in open datasets, acquired from 2003 to 2021 in Europe or USA at 3 T (n = 3,01...
Article
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This study aims to characterize the readiness of big data adoption and identify important factors for assessing the readiness of Vietnamese SMEs to adopt big data. Consequently, divide SMEs into specific groups based on readiness aspects in order to establish individual group-related recommendations for adopting big data. Questionnaires were used t...
Article
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Objective To investigate the existing barriers and recommendations of real-world data (RWD) standardisation for clinical research through a qualitative study on different stakeholders. Design This qualitative study involved five types of stakeholders based on five interview outlines. The data analysis was performed using the constructivist grounde...
Article
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Background CPs and PPMVs are an important source of modern contraceptives in Nigeria, yet many lack the requisite knowledge and skills to capably provide these services. This skills gap might be addressed through targeted family planning (FP) training. This study measures family planning knowledge retention of CPs and PPMVs after receiving training...
Article
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Unmanned Flight Vehicle (UAVs) primarily provides many applications and uses in the commerce and also recreation fields. Thus, the perception and visualization of the state of UAVs are of prime importance. Also in this paper, the authors incorporate the primary objective involving capturing and Detecting Drones, thus deriving important And Valuable...
Article
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The literature on the interplay between geographic communities and organizations has largely ignored the role of individual residents. In adopting a meso-perspective, we examine a potentially vital relationship between corporate conduct and pro-social behavior demanding sacrifice from individuals. Drawing on Weber (Economy and society: an outline o...
Article
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Reducing the spread of COVID-19 depends on easy access to water to ensure adherence to good hygienic practices. However, most communities in developing countries like Ghana face a series of challenges in accessing improved water sources. This study seeks to examine water access and its associated challenges in the Yilo Krobo Municipality of Ghana d...
Preprint
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Since the advent of the OBORI, it was subjected to numerous studies. However, most 15 previous studies investigated only the potential impact of the OBORI on the Chinese economy and 16 geopolitics. Therefore, its real effect on Chinese international commerce in OBORI countries is not 17 evaluated yet. Accordingly, this study intends to model the OB...
Article
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Fundamental shifts in business-to-business (B2B) buying behavior make digital content marketing (DCM) a strategic priority for vendors, though firms struggle to achieve its full potential, as a customer-centric marketing approach. To address important knowledge gaps in extant research, this study identifies key activities for realizing customer-cen...