Science topic

Colorectal Cancer - Science topic

This group deals with the genetic aberrations in the Signal Transducing Molecules involved in the development and progression of colorectal cancer.
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Publications related to Colorectal Cancer (10,000)
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Objectives: Self-expandable metal stents are widely used for the treatment of malignant colorectal stenosis (MCS). In elderly individuals with MCS, self-expandable metal stents are often used as a palliative treatment, but prophylactic stent placement is not recommended. We investigated the efficacy and safety of self-expandable metal stents for t...
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This review aimed to use bibliometric analysis to sort out, analyze and summarize the knowledge foundation and hot topics in the field of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in colorectal cancer (CRC), and point out future trends to inspire related research and innovation. We used CiteSpace to analyze publication outputs, countries, institutions, authors...
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Introduction: The study of allelic and genotypic frequencies contributes to determining the distribution of genetic variants in different populations and their possible association with biomarkers. This knowledge could improve the decision-making process regarding the management of some diseases such as colorectal cancer (CRC), in which the detecti...
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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is emerging as an effective cancer treatment, such as for hematological malignancies, however its effectiveness as an approach to treat solid tumors, such as in colorectal cancer (CRC), remains to be better developed. One area of intense development has been in the identification and characterization o...
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Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) is enriched in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and a high amount of F. nucleatum was associated with an immunosuppressive tumor environment. PD-L1 is an important immune checkpoint expressed on tumor cells and promotes tumor immune escape. Whether PD-L1 is regulated by F. nucleatum is still unclear. We demonst...
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Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders have been previously reported in a paraneoplastic context, although there is no clear consensus on their pathogenesis. We herein report a case of aquaporin-4 antibody-positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in a 64-year-old woman with colorectal cancer. She underwent tumor resection, resulting in seru...
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Screening strategies have demonstrated their potential for decreasing the incidence and mortality of cancers, particularly that of colorectal cancer (CRC). Another strategy that has been developed to reduce CRC occurrence is the use of chemoprevention agents. Among them, aspirin is the most promising. Aspirin acts in colorectal tumourigenesis throu...
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Interventional oncologists provide several effective treatment options for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), including embolization and ablation-based techniques. Molecular imaging methods such as positron emission tomography (PET) can play an important role in managing mCRC patients. In this review, we aim to highlight the role of...
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Trifluridine (FTD) is an effective drug for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying FTD resistance has not been elucidated. This study aimed to explore mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with FTD resistance in CRC. The analyzed data were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The diff...
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In this study, different assortments of 2-arylquinolines and 2,6-diarylquinolines have been developed. Recently, we have developed a new series of 6,7-dimethoxy-4-alkoxy-2-arylquinolines as Topoisomerase I (TOP1) inhibitors with potent anticancer activity. Utilising the SAR outputs from this study, we tried to enhance anticancer and TOP1 inhibitory...
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Our previous research has demonstrated that colorectal cancer (CRC) progression was promoted by circN4BP2L2. This study aimed to further explore the mechanism of circN4BP2L2 in the development of CRC from the perspective of small extracellular vesicles (sEVs). Cancer-associated fibroblasts cell (CAFs) and normal fibroblasts cell (NFs) were isolated...
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The PI3K/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin pathways play an important role in the acquisition of the malignant phenotype in cancer. However, there are few data regarding the role of the interplay between both pathways in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. The mutational status and the clinicopathological characteristics of PI3K/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin pathways...
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Purpose: To evaluate the overall survival (OS), local progression-free survival (PFS) and prognostic factors of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) undergoing microwave ablation (MWA). Method: A total of 132 patients were retrospectively enrolled who had been treated between 2010 and 2018. For the evaluation of survival rates...
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Image-guided percutaneous ablation techniques represent an attractive local therapy for the treatment of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) given its low risk of severe complications, which allows for early initiation of adjuvant therapies and spare functional liver parenchyma, allowing repeated treatments at the time of recurrence. However, ablatio...
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Metastasis is the leading cause of death for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, and the spreading tumor cells adhesion to endothelial cells is a critical step for extravasation and further distant metastasis. Previous studies have documented the important roles of gut microbiota-host interactions in the CRC malignancy, and Fusobacterium nucleatum (F...
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Tumor-specific T cells likely underpin effective immune checkpoint-blockade therapies. Yet, most studies focus on Treg cells and CD8⁺ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Here, we study CD4⁺ TILs in human lung and colorectal cancers and observe that non-Treg CD4⁺ TILs average more than 70% of total CD4⁺ TILs in both cancer types. Leveraging high...
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Recently, the inhibitory CD94/NKG2A receptor has joined the group of immune checkpoints (ICs) and its expression has been documented in NK cells and CD8+ T lymphocytes in several cancers and some infectious diseases. In colorectal cancer (CRC), we previously reported that NKG2A+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are predominantly CD8+ αβ T cell...
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Colon cancer affects both men and women and is the world's second most significant cause of cancer-related mortality. Colon cancer death rates have risen worldwide due to the current food habit and lifestyle, which include a lot of meat, alcohol, and not enough physical exercise. As a result, novel, less harmful pharmacological treatments for colon...
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Background Colorectal Cancer is found one of the most profound type of cancer around globe, affecting men and women with different ethnic and racial groups. Insulin-like growth factor 1 is known as peptide growth factor found to increase the proliferation of cell and prevent apoptosis. Insulin pathway might have linked with progression of colorecta...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the digestive tract malignancies whose early symptoms are not obvious. This study aimed to identify novel targets for CRC therapy, especially early-stage CRC, by reanalyzing the publicly available GEO and TCGA databases. Thyroid hormone receptor interactor 13 (TRIP13) correlated with tumor progression and prognosis...
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Background SLC5A7 (solute carrier family 5 member 7), also known as choline transporter 1 (CHT1), is downregulated in colorectal cancer (CRC) and functions as a tumor suppressor. However, the mechanisms underlying the inactivation of SLC5A7 in CRC remain to be elucidated. Results In the present study, two broad-spectrum demethylation agents (azaci...
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Background tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in cancer biology. However, the contributions of tRFs to colorectal cancer (CRC) remain largely unknown. Methods tRF3008A (a tRFRNA derived from tRNA Val ) was identified by RNA sequencing and validated by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. The role of...
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Objective LINC00114 could promote the development of colorectal cancer, but its mechanism has been rarely discussed in esophageal cancer (EC). Herein, we explored the molecular mechanism of LINC00114 via mediating enhancer of zeste homolog 2/deleted in liver cancer 1 (EZH2/DLC1) axis in EC. Methods LINC00114, EZH2 and DLC1 expression in EC tissues...
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A comparison of the relative merits of video-assisted pulmonary metastasectomy versus thoracotomy is predicated on the assumption that removal of asymptomatic lung metastases favourably influences survival and that it does so by a large degree. Recently published but long-awaited evidence from a prospective cohort study and a randomised trial of Pu...
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Multifocal colorectal cancer (CRC) comprises both clonally independent primary tumors caused by inherited predisposition and clonally related tumors mainly due to intraluminal spreading along an intact basement membrane. The distinction between these multifocal CRCs is essential because therapeutic strategies vary according to the clonal associatio...
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The PARP-1 expression level and poly (ADP-ribosyl)ation activity in cancer markedly affect the therapeutic outcome. Nicaraven, a free radical scavenger has been found to inhibit PARP, but the effect on cancer cells is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the potential role and molecular mechanism of nicaraven on cancer cells. Using U937 ly...
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Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cell therapy is a type of adoptive immunotherapy that due to its high proliferation rate and anti-tumor characteristics, is being investigated to treat various solid tumors. Since advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) has high mortality and poor survival rates, and the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is limited in...
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Background CircRNAs are functional in cancer-related processes and are promising candidates for cancer prognostic biomarkers. The study aimed to evaluate the functional and clinical significance of has_circ_0001944 in colorectal cancer (CRC), including predictive value for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), and its effect on...
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We report the case of a breast cancer survivor, diagnosed with an underlying CHEK2 c.1100delC heterozygosity, who developed a papillary thyroid cancer 5 years later. A CHEK2 c.1100delC (likely) pathogenic variant is associated with an increased risk of breast, prostate and colorectal cancer and therefore risk-specific screening will be offered. Cur...
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Background Noninvasive diagnostic markers that are capable of distinguishing patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) from healthy individuals or patients with other cancer types are lacking. We report the discovery and validation of a panel of methylation-based markers that specifically detect CRC. Methods This was a large-scale discovery study base...
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Background The positive predictive value (PPV) of high risk factor questionnaire (HRFQ) plus fecal immunochemical test (FIT) as preliminary screening strategy for colorectal-related neoplasia is relatively low. We aim to explore independent factors associated with PPVs of HRFQ combined FIT for selecting high risk individuals for colonoscopy. Metho...
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As the modulation of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 3 (SRSF3) may be therapeutically beneficial to colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, the identification of novel SRSF3 inhibitors is highly anticipated. However, pharmaceutical agents targeting SRSF3 have not yet been discovered. Here, we propose a functional SRSF3 inhibitor for CRC therapy and...
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Most cases of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are sporadic and not associated with the Lynch syndrome (LS) spectrum. We report a young adult patient with RMS and a family history of colorectal cancer. Comprehensive cancer genomic profiling (CGP) of his tumor revealed a likely pathogenic variant of MSH2 , NM_000251.3:c.1741delA (p.I581Lfs*9), which was also...
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Background: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) for right colonic cancer is a more complex operation than standard right hemicolectomy but evidence to support its routine use is still limited. This prospective multicentre study evaluated the effect of CME on long-term survival in colorectal cancer centres in Germany (RESECTAT trial). The primary hypo...
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Background: Targeted germline testing is recommended for those with or at risk of breast, ovarian and colorectal cancer. The affordability of genetic sequencing has improved over the past decade, therefore the cost-effectiveness of testing for these cancers is worthy of reassessment. Objective: To systematically review economic evaluations on cost-...
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Background. Guidelines recommend that decision aids disclose quantitative information to patients considering colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but the impact on patient knowledge and decision making is limited. An important challenge for assessing any disclosure involves determining when an individual has “adequate knowledge” to make a decision....
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In the federal state of Germany, Saxony-Anhalt, colorectal cancer is the second most frequent cause of death among cancer patients. In order to identify cancer precursors early, colorectal cancer screenings are essential. In this context, health information contributes to informing individuals and imparting them with necessary knowledge to make a d...
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Interval colorectal cancers (I-CRCs) arise during the interval time period between scheduled colonoscopies. Predicting which patients are at risk of I-CRCs remains an elusive undertaking, but evidence would suggest that most I-CRCs arise from lesions missed on index endoscopy. The procedural factors that lead to missed lesions are numerous and lack...
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Background 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the most common chemotherapy drugs used to treat colorectal cancer (CRC), which often develops resistance in more than 15% of patients. Curcumin, an active component of Curcuma longa, has been reported to show antitumor activity in CRC and, furthermore, enhance the effect of chemotherapy against colorectal...
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The prognosis for ovarian cancer (OC) patients is poor and the five-year survival rate is only 47%. Immune checkpoints (ICPs) appear to be the potential targets in up-and-coming OC treatment. However, the response of OC patients to immunotherapy based on programmed cell death pathway (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors totals only 6–15%. The promising approach...
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Immune composition is commonly heterogeneous and varies among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. A comprehensive immune classification may act as important characteristics to predict CRC prognosis. Thus, we aimed to identify novel immune specific subtypes to guide future therapies. Unsupervised clustering was used to classify CRC samples into differ...
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Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease with different responses to targeted therapies due to various factors, and the treatment effect differs significantly between individuals. Personalize medical treatment (PMT) is a method that takes individual patient characteristics into consideration, making it the most effective way to...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and malignant types of cancer worldwide. Colonoscopy, considered the gold standard for CRC screening, allows immediate removal of polyps, which are precursors to CRC. Many computer-aided diagnosis systems (CADs) have been proposed for automatic polyp detection. Most of these systems are based on tra...
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Despite the implementation of global screening programs, colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. More than 10% of patients with colon cancer are diagnosed as having locally advanced disease with a relatively poor five-year survival rate. Locally advanced colon cancer (LACC) presents surgical chal...
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CYP2E1 encodes an enzyme that participates in the activation of several carcinogenic substances. Thus, numerous studies have investigated the association between CYP2E1 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but inconclusive results have been obtained. We performed a meta-analysis to precisely evaluate the relationship of CYP2E1 rs2031920,...
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CRC is one of the leading causes of cancer mortality worldwide. Chemotherapy is widely used for the treatment of CRC, but its efficacy remains unsatisfactory, mainly due to drug resistance. Therefore, it is urgent to develop new strategies to overcome drug resistance. Combination therapy that aims to achieve additive or synergistic therapeutic effe...
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Purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) is a nonselective cation channel of the purinergic receptor family. P2X7R is activated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and plays a significant role in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases by triggering cellular signal transduction. More importantly, P2X7R is abnormally expressed in many tumor c...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant tumor with a high frequency of recurrence and metastasis, which are the major causes of death in patients. The prerequisite for the invasion and metastasis is the strong mobility of CRC cells to transport far away from the original site to the distant organs and tissues, where they settle down and proli...
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Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and imaging are used to guide treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This study evaluated changes in CEA and imaging findings in mCRC patients following systemic therapy and their clinical significance, especially the ones with inconsistent results of CEA and image findings. We enrolled 330 stage IV...