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Publications related to Clinical Pathology (10,000)
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Background The ability to view the posterior segment in keratoprosthesis (Kpro) implanted patients is limited. The purpose of this retrospective, observational study was to investigate the use of ultra-wide field (UWF) scanning laser ophthalmoscopy imaging and its utility for serial evaluation of the retina and optic nerve in patients with either a...
Article
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Background Oral carcinoma cuniculatum (OCC) is an unacquainted well-differentiated subtype of oral squamous cell carcinoma, which displays unique clinic-pathological features. Up to date, OCC remains rare with about 75 reported cases, and is frequently missed or even misdiagnosed. Case presentation The aim of the present work was: to report a case...
Article
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Maffucci syndrome (MS, OMIM 166000) is an extremely unusual, nonhereditary, multisystemic disorder that is characterized with multiple enchondromas and vascular lesions, most of which are spindle cell hemangiomas. Complications of MS, such as bone deformities and dysfunction caused by enchondromas, usually increase during childhood and adolescence....
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Background High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is clinically dominant and accounts for ~ 80% deaths in all types of ovarian cancer. The delayed diagnosis, rapid development, and wide dissemination of HGSOC collectively contribute to its high mortality rate and poor prognosis in the patients. Suppressors of cytokine signaling 7 (SOCS7) can r...
Article
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Background Tauopathies are a class of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by neuronal and/or glial tau-positive inclusions. Main body Clinically, tauopathies can present with a range of phenotypes that include cognitive/behavioral-disorders, movement disorders, language disorders and non-specific amnestic symptoms in advanced age. Pathologic...
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Background Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) alone and in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been shown to be beneficial for the survival of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients, but resistance to targeted therapy and ICIs is common in the clinic. Understanding the underlying mechanism is critical for further prolo...
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s Studies demonstrating the successful and safe application of magnetic hyperthermia in large animals are scarce. A therapeutic approach for advanced cancer comprising multicore encapsulated iron oxide (IO) Sarah Nanoparticles (SaNPs), that uniquely self-regulate their temperature, was developed thus overcoming the safety challenges of hyperthermia...
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Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) are the most common soft tissue sarcomas in children/adolescents less than 18 years of age with an annual incidence of 1–2/million. Inter/intra-tumour heterogeneity raise challenges in clinical, pathological and biological research studies. Risk stratification in European and North American clinical trials previously relied...
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a professor of clinical pathology, Mansoura University. b lecturer of clinical pathology, Mansoura University. c Resident of clinical pathology, Mansoura University. Abstract: Background: Emerging antibiotic resistance has become a critical issue because of a shortage of new antibiotic options. Enterobacteriaceae possessing extended-spectrum beta-l...
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Background: 7-Methylguanosine (m7G) is an important posttranscriptional modification that regulates gene expression and is involved in tumorigenesis and development. Tumor microenvironment has been proven to be highly involved in tumor progression and prognosis. However, how m7G-associated genes affect the tumor microenvironment of patients with lu...
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The impact of glucose and fructose supplementation on acute cardiac effects during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a topic that is rarely investigated. The aim of the presented secondary outcome analysis of a double-blind, randomized crossover-controlled trial was to investigate the impact of glucose (Glu), fructose (Fru), glucose and fr...
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Background Conditional survival (CS) represents the probability of surviving for additional years after the patient has survived for several years, dynamically describing the survival rate of the patient with the varying time of survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the conditional cause-specific survival (CCSS) after chemotherapy and loc...
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Purpose The quantifiable description of PPARγ expression pattern beside mechanistic in-vitro evidence will provide insights into the involvement of this mediator in tumor pathogenesis. This study is focused on illuminating the PPARγ gene and protein expression pattern, its association with tumor deterioration and its diagnostic value in different t...
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PurposeTo compare clinical, pathological, and long-term renal outcomes of children with Henoch–Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and IgA nephropathy (IgAN).Methods The medical records of patients diagnosed as HSPN and IgAN during childhood were evaluated retrospectively. HSPN and IgAN groups were compared in terms of gender, age, upper respiratory...
Article
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Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a clinical condition characterized by a myriad of psychiatric symptoms, abnormal movements, autonomic instability, seizures, and encephalopathy. Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) infection is infrequently present with altered mental status. As the days of the COVID-19 pandemic pass, more an...
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Background Cuproptosis is a copper-dependent cell death mechanism that is associated with tumor progression, prognosis, and immune response. However, the potential role of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains unclear. Patients and methods In total, 346 TNBC samples wer...
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Shahla Bari,1 David Boulware,2 Jiannong Li,2 Loretta Loftus,3 Aixa Soyano Muller,3 Zena Jameel,4 Hung Khong,3 Brian J Czerniecki,3 Ricardo LB Costa3 1Department of Hematology/Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA; 2Department of Biostatistics, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, US...
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BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer and accounts for the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Up to 50% of CRC patients develop synchronous (10-20%) or metachronous liver deposits (20-30%). Hepatic resection is the gold standard and only curative treatment for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). While exc...
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Misato Mitochondrial Distribution and Morphology Regulator 1 (MSTO1) is a soluble cytoplasmic protein that regulates mitochondrial dynamics by promoting mitochondrial fusion. Variants in the MSTO1 gene cause a rare disease characterized by early-onset myopathy and cerebellar ataxia, with almost 30 cases reported worldwide. Here we report a case of...
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Background: Targeted and immunotherapy got approval to treat locally advanced and/or metastatic urinary bladder (UB) cancer in specific situations. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression is certified in UB cancer but with controversial results regarding the impact of targeted therapies on survival. This study explored expression...
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Since 2019, the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused 6,319,395 deaths worldwide. Although the COVID-19 vaccine is currently available, the latest variant of the virus, Omicron, spreads more easily than earlier strains, and its mortality rate is still high in patients with chronic diseases, especially cancer patients. So, identifying a novel co...
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Among all racial groups in the U.S., African Americans (AA) have the highest incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC). Although socioeconomic factors, as the major contributors to racial disparity of CRC, have been widely investigated, there is a dearth of information germane to understanding its biological basis. To better elucidate...
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Background ICIs have remarkably affected the treatment strategies for numerous malignancies, including lung cancer. However, only a fraction of patients experience durable responses to ICIs; thus, there is an urgent need to identify the parameters related to ICI therapeutic effects. In this study, we investigated nutritional status surrogates and s...
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Background Sarcoptes scabiei is one of the most impactful mammalian parasites. There has been much research on immunological and clinical pathological changes associated with S. scabiei parasitism across a range of host species. This rich body of literature is complex, and we seek to bring that complexity together in this study. We first (1) synthe...
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We retrospectively investigated in women treated with fulvestrant for HR+/HER2 negative advanced breast cancer clinical, pathological and molecular features associated with long-term benefit from treatment defined as being progression-free at 18 months. Specifically, we analyzed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples ESR1 and PI3KCA muta...
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Background In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) and Defence Pathology combined to form the Defence Clinical Lab (DCL), an accredited (ISO/IEC 17025:2017) high-throughput SARS-CoV-2 PCR screening capability for military personnel. Laboratory structure and resource The DCL was modular in organisat...
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The diagnosis and treatment of patients in the healthcare industry are greatly aided by data analytics. Massive amounts of data should be handled using machine learning approaches to provide tools for prediction and categorization to support practitioner decision-making. Based on the kind of tumor, disorders like breast cancer can be categorized. T...
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ntroduction: Vaccination remains the only steadfast defence against severe COVID-19 infection for the foreseeable future. However, with the growing number of case reports describing Vaccine-associated glomerular diseases, including IgA nephropathy (IgAN) or IgA vasculitis (IgAV) associated with COVID-19 vaccination, it becomes pertinent to stud...
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Diagnostic devices, methodological approaches, and traditional constructs of clinical pathology practice, cultivated throughout centuries, have transformed radically in the wake of explosive technological growth and other, e.g., environmental, catalysts of change. Ushered into the fray of modern laboratory medicine are digital imaging devices and m...
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PVL (proliferative verrucous leukoplakia) has distinct clinical characteristics. They have a proclivity for multifocality, a high recurrence rate after treatment, and malignant transformation, and they can progress to verrucous or squamous cell carcinoma. AI can aid in the diagnosis and prognosis of cancers and other diseases. Computational algorit...
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Background: Thymic carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant tumor with a dismal prognosis, which occasionally coexists with myasthenia gravis (MG). This study aims to investigate the MG incidence on a surgical cohort of patients with thymic carcinoma and to explore its influence on long-term survival. Methods: the prospectively collected data fr...
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This contribution emphasizes the chemical complexity of abnormal cartilaginous deposits. First, we briefly describe some key techniques used to precisely describe their physicochemical characteristics. Then, we present the main chemical and structural characteristics of these two chemical phases, of either biological or synthetic origins. Finally,...
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main type of primary liver malignancy and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a type of non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression mainly on post-transcriptional level has a confirmed and important role in numerous biological process. By regulating specific target...
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Background: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of UV radiation-induced damage repair that is characterized by photosensitivity and a propensity for developing, among many others, skin cancers at an early age. This systematic review focused on the correlation between the clinical, pathological, and genetic aspects of...
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We developed and tested a method to detect COVID-19 disease, using urine specimens. The technology is based on Raman spectroscopy and computational analysis. It does not detect SARS-CoV-2 virus or viral components, but rather a urine ‘molecular fingerprint’, representing systemic metabolic, inflammatory, and immunologic reactions to infection. We a...
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Background: Neuropathic arthropathy (NA) of the shoulder is a chronic progressive process characterized by joint destruction in the presence of a neurosensory deficit. Syringomyelia, a spinal cord disease, is the leading cause of NA in the upper extremity. Objective: We present a systematic review of NA with syringomyelia cases alongside a case...
Preprint
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Abnormal neuronal networks arising from perturbations during early brain development contribute to neurodevelopmental disorders. Mutations and deletions of human Fasciculation and Elongation Protein Zeta 1 (FEZ1) are found in schizophrenia and Jacobsen syndrome patients. However, its roles in human brain development and manifestation of clinical pa...
Conference Paper
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Clinical pathology of systemic and localized amyloidosis, systemicvasculitis, septic infections, tuberculosis, crystal induced metabolic diseases
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Chemokine C-C motif chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. For developing new therapeutic targets and antitumor drugs, the effect of chemokine CCL3 and the related cytokine network on colorectal cancer should be investigated. This study used cell, tissue, and animal experiments to prove...
Article
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Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), highly invasive and highly heterogeneous, has a poor prognosis. It has been confirmed that many risk factors are associated with ICC including intrahepatic lithiasis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), congenital abnormalities of the bile ducts, parasite infection, toxic exposures chronic liver disease (vir...
Article
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The study aimed to design a reliable and straightforward PBM method by implanting a medical scattering fiber above surgically exposed spinal cord in SCI patients. Moreover, the safety of this method was examined. Twelve patients with acute SCI (ASIA B) requiring posterior decompression were recruited. The medical scattering fiber was implanted abov...
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If diabetes is not associated with increased AD pathology in clinically & pathologically confirmed cases of AD, then to understand the diabetes–dementia association, frailty may prove more fruitful than neuropathology.
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Welders are exposed to metal ions or oxides through direct contact at occupational sites or indirectly through uptake from contaminated dust or air. This study was a case-control study designed to assess the levels of some heavy metals and the hematological profile of welders (cases) as compared to nonwelders (controls) from Bibiani Anhwiaso Bekwai...
Article
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The CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 6 (CMTM6) plays an extremely important role of the programed death receptor ligand-1 (PD-L1) protein. Our study is aimed at investigating the expression of CMTM6 and PD-L1 proteins in triple-negative breast cancer and their correlation with the clinical pathological data of patients. We selected...
Article
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Frontotemporal dementia is characterized by progressive atrophy of frontal and/or temporal cortices at an early age of onset. The disorder shows considerable clinical, pathological, and genetic heterogeneity. Here we investigated the proteomic signatures of frontal and temporal cortex from brains with frontotemporal dementia due to GRN and MAPT mut...
Article
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The emergence of the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus is the most important public-health issue of our time. Understanding the diverse clinical presentations of the ensuing disease, COVID-19, remains a critical unmet need. Here we present a comprehensive listing of the diverse clinical indications associated with COVID-19. We explore the theory that anti-SAR...
Article
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Purpose Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) may be treated with primary surgery or primary (chemo)radiation. While surgery with concurrent neck dissection provides definitive pathological staging of the neck, non-surgical treatment relies on clinical staging for treatment planning. To assess the accuracy of clinical neck staging, we compa...
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Purpose of Review While DDX41 mutation (m) is one of the most prevalent predisposition genes in adult myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML), most patients do not always present with a family history of MDS/AML. In this review, we will be highlighting epidemiological data on DDX41m, roles of DDX41 in oncogenesis, mechanisms of...
Article
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Microsatellites are small, repetitive sequences found all across the human genome. Microsatellite instability is the phenomenon of variations in the length of microsatellites induced by the insertion or deletion of repeat units in tumor tissue (MSI). MSI-type stomach malignancy has distinct genetic phenotypes and clinic pathological characteristics...
Article
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Scarce information exists on the role of mTOR pathway proteins and their association to aggressiveness and prognosis of patients with canine oral cancers. We aimed to investigate the activated form of mTOR and its downstream S6 protein in canine oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and to evaluate potential associations between protein expression a...
Article
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Objective The aim of the present study was to identify patients who developed acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy (AUPVP) after COVID-19 vaccination.Methods For this single-center, retrospective study, we screened the medical records of our tertiary interdisciplinary neurotology center for patients who had presented with AUPVP within 30 days...
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus has been implicated in the clinical pathology of multiple organs and organ systems. Due to the novelty of the disease, there is a need to review emerging literature to understand the profile of SARS-CoV-2 in the placenta. This review...
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Background and aims: Advances in single cell technology have revolutionised our understanding of the liver, enabling genome-wide RNA-profiling of thousands of transcriptomes at single cell resolution. Recent studies utilising single cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) have characterised progenitor cell populations, uncovered gene expression zonation of...
Article
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Background:Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), is a malignant disorder of lymphocytes, that affects lymph cells or lymphocytes that make lymphatic tissue. Leukocyte associated immunoglobulin like receptor-1 (LAIR-1) or (CD 305) expressed by B-cells as an immune inhibitory marker of B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling, that control cell prolife...
Article
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Anastomosing hemangioma (AH) is a rare, benign vascular neoplasm with distinctive histopathology and characteristic tumor distribution. AHs show marked proclivity to involve the kidneys, gonads and the retroperitoneal soft tissues; kidney is the most common target site often in the context of end stage renal disease. Recent studies have identified...