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Publications related to Climate Science (6,747)
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Article
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The impact of climate extremes upon human settlements is expected to accelerate. There are distinct global trends for a continued rise in urban dwellers and associated infrastructure. This growth is occurring amidst the increasing risk of extreme heat, rainfall, and flooding. Therefore, it is critical that the urban development and architectural co...
Article
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While compound weather and climate events (CEs) can lead to significant socioeconomic consequences, their response to climate change is mostly unexplored. We report the first multi-model assessment of future changes in return periods for the co-occurrence of heatwaves and drought, and extreme winds and precipitation based on the Coupled Model Inter...
Article
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Two founding fathers of climate science and climate modelling were honoured with the Nobel prize in physics this year. They led early climate research towards both fundamental and societally relevant research, which is now as vital as it was then.
Conference Paper
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Bayesian networks tend to be considered as transparent and interpretable, but for big and dense networks they become harder to understand. This is the case of non-stationary, and more generally time-varying dynamic Bayesian networks, as the relations change over time and cannot be represented with a single template model. We introduce methods to ex...
Presentation
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Service Learning, Geographiedidaktik, Klimakommunikation, Design-Based Research, Third Mission ///// Klimasensitive Vereinsaktivitäten (z.B. Outdoor-Sport, Kleingärtnern, Jugendfreizeiten, etc.) sind von den regionalen Folgen des Klimawandels auf vielfältige Weise betroffen. Im Fokus der Klimaforschung stehen sie jedoch bislang kaum – speziell auf...
Article
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Developing scientific information that is used in policy and practice has been a longstanding challenge in many sectors and disciplines, including climate change adaptation for natural resource management. One approach to address this problem encourages scientists and decision-makers to co-produce usable information collaboratively. Researchers hav...
Preprint
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With the continuous increase in the computational power and resources of modern high-performance computing (HPC) systems, large-scale ensemble simulations have become widely used in various fields of science and engineering, and especially in meteorological and climate science. It is widely known that the simulation outputs are large time-varying,...
Book
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This book is an unorthodox ground-breaking scientific study on natural climate change and its contribution to ongoing multi-centennial global warming. The book critically reviews the effect of the following on climate: - Milankovitch cycles - abrupt glacial (Dansgaard-Oeschger) events - Holocene climate variability - the 1500-year cycle - solar act...
Preprint
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We propose a data segmentation methodology for the high-dimensional linear regression problem where the regression parameters are allowed to undergo multiple changes. The proposed methodology, MOSEG, proceeds in two stages where the data is first scanned for multiple change points using a moving window-based procedure, which is followed by a locati...
Chapter
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Nobody can deny the importance of science of climate change in this era. Climate change is visible in the form of changes in the atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere, and biosphere. Climate change considers many aspects of earth system and human activities as both of them interact in a complex way which affects the global and regional climate. Understandi...
Preprint
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The ecosystem pressure-volume curve (EPV) is the relationship between vegetation water content and a representative value of water potential applied on a ground-area basis. The EPV attempts to reconcile our detailed and physically rigorous understanding of small-scale field-measurable processes to the spatial scale applicable to ecosystem and clima...
Article
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The climate emergency mandates a refocusing of society and education on the relationship between humans and the more-than-human world. Emerging from decades of social constructionism that openly promoted climate science denial, social and educational theorising now engages with new materialist philosophies and the agency of matter. Physicist Karen...
Preprint
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The Upper Indus Basin, Himalayas provides water for 270 million people and countless ecosystems. However, precipitation, a key component to hydrological modelling, is poorly understood in this area. A key challenge surrounding this uncertainty comes from the complex spatial-temporal distribution of precipitation across the basin. In this work we pr...
Preprint
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Dramatic increases in climate data underlie a gradual paradigm shift in knowledge-acquisition methods from physical-based models to data-based mining techniques. k-Means is one of the most popular data clustering/mining techniques, and it has been used to detect hidden patterns in climate systems. k-Means is established based on distance metrics fo...
Article
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This article summarises a recent virtual meeting organised by the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam on the topic of climate change and health, bringing local partners, faculty and external collaborators together from across the Wellcome and Oxford networks. Attendees included invited local and global climate scientists, clinicians...
Article
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Climate emergency is fast becoming the overriding problem of our times and rapid reductions in carbon emissions a primary policy focus that is liable to affect all aspects of society and economy. A key component in climate science is the “climate sensitivity” measure and there has been a recent attempt using Bayesian updating to narrow this measure...
Article
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It is now well established that fossil fuel companies contributed to undermining climate science and action. In this paper, we examine the extent to which American electric utilities and affiliated organizations’ public messaging contributed to climate denial, doubt, and delay. We examined 188 documents on climate change authored by organizations i...
Article
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We developed a new version of the Alfred Wegener Institute Climate Model (AWI-CM3), which has higher skills in representing the observed climatology and better computational efficiency than its predecessors. Its ocean component FESOM2 (Finite-volumE Sea ice-Ocean Model) has the multi-resolution functionality typical of unstructured-mesh models whil...
Article
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Nowadays, a challenge in Climate Science is the seasonal forecast and knowledge of the model’s performance in different regions. The challenge in South America reflects its huge territory; some models present a good performance, and others do not. Nevertheless, reliable seasonal climate forecasts can benefit numerous decision-making processes relat...
Technical Report
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National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) is working on Weather and Climate Science for Service Partnership India (WCSSP project) with an aim to improve the urban representation in the UK Metoffice, UM regional model. Currently UM model uses urban 1 tile scheme operationally and it got replaced by Met Office Reading Urban Exc...
Article
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This article summarises a recent virtual meeting organised by the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Vietnam on the topic of climate change and health, bringing local partners, faculty and external collaborators together from across the Wellcome and Oxford networks. Attendees included invited local and global climate scientists, clinicians...
Article
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The novel concept of local climate zones (LCZs) provides a consistent classification framework for studies of the urban thermal environment. However, the development of urban climate science is severely hampered by the lack of high-resolution data to map LCZs. Using Gaofen-6 and Sentinel-1/2 as data sources, this study designed four schemes using c...
Article
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Understanding carbon sources and sinks across the Earth's surface is fundamental in climate science and policy; thus, these topics have been extensively studied but have yet to be fully resolved and are associated with massive debate regarding the sign and magnitude of the carbon budget from global to regional scales. Developing new models and esti...
Poster
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Climate observations inform about the past and present state of the climate system. They underpin climate science, feed into policies for adaptation and mitigation, and increase awareness of the impacts of climate change. The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), a body of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) assesses the maturity of the r...
Article
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The applicability of the four-parameter (4P) kappa distribution to fit the annual maximum (AM) and the peak over threshold (POT) extreme precipitation series in the Amman Zarqa Basin (AZB), Jordan, is assessed. This paper presents a practical, easy-to-implement, yet accurate method in light of the method of L-moments for parameter estimation of 4P...
Article
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Since the early 2000s, proposals to deliberately modify the Earth's climate have gained political traction as a controversial last resort measure against dangerous global warming. The article provides a ‘longue durée’ picture of such climate engineering proposals. It traces their historical trajectory from the late 1950s to their most recent arriva...
Article
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Purpose of Review This review explores how more transformative climate policies are emerging arguing that such policies require decision-makers to move beyond the dominant, narrow technocratic lens that I call climate isolationism. Recent Findings Climate isolationism refers to the common framing of climate change as an isolated, discrete, scienti...
Article
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In climate science and applications, the term “metric” is used to describe the distillation of complex, multifaceted evaluations to summarize the overall quality of a model simulation, or other data product, and/or as a means to quantify some response to climate change. Metrics provide insights into the fidelity of processes and outcomes from clima...
Article
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This paper provides a case study analysis of knowledge co-production with an Indigenous community and Tribe in Southeast Alaska. The 24-month study provided climate services and information in support of climate adaptation and mitigation with community identified priorities of food sovereignty and food security. Our objectives are to (1) describe a...
Preprint
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Comprehensive global cooperation is essential to limit global temperature increases while continuing economic development, e.g., reducing severe inequality or achieving long-term economic growth. Achieving long-term cooperation on climate change mitigation with n strategic agents poses a complex game-theoretic problem. For example, agents may negot...
Article
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Human-induced climate change is fast becoming a climate emergency as we near an irreversible point of no return. In our anthropocentric quest to have dominion over all the earth, we are putting all of life at risk, including human life and civilization. The introduction of collapsology serves as a reality check for better understanding the severity...
Article
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and Manish K Jha (manishj@tiss.edu) are with TISS, Mumbai. They are engaged in teaching and research in the area of social policy, climate change and migration. Vol. 57, Issue No. 23, 04 Jun, 2022 Excess heat emerged as an influential element in recent weather communication about India. Drawing insight from scholars, who have expressed the need to...
Article
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Carbon budget has emerged as a key topical subject of relevance in climate science and arena. The acumen of its reach to varied sectors, cities and communities impact the outcome of its adaptation and mitigation efforts. Carbon budget tagging in this regard has emerged as a promising concept for ease of facilitation and implementation and for gaini...
Article
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Multi-platform satellite-based precipitation gridded estimates are becoming widely available in support of climate monitoring and climate science. The characterization of the performances of these emerging Level-4 products is an active field of research. This study introduced a simple Gaussian mixture model (GMM) to characterize the distribution of...
Article
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Crystal nucleation is one of the most fundamental processes in the physical sciences and almost always occurs heterogeneously with the aid of a nucleating substrate. No example of nucleation is more ubiquitous and impactful than the formation of ice, vital to fields as diverse as geology, biology, aeronautics, and climate science. However, despite...
Article
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In the United States, a public debate remains about the existence and effects of anthropogenic climate change. This skepticism is present in the agricultural sector, rendering climate science communication challenging. Due to the polarization of climate change issues and the concurrent need for agricultural adaptation, we sought to examine how scie...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Climate science research can be described by three key foundational activities: developing scientific theories and hypotheses, testing hypotheses using data and theory to generate scientific outcomes, and finally communication of scientific outcomes to inform climate actions, that is, adaptation and mitigation. The progress o...
Article
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Within the scientific community, climate models have been established to relate long‐term emission scenarios to their respective environmental response. Although data at high resolutions can be obtained, this research framework is often computationally complex and offers limited readability for the general public. With the COVID‐19 pandemic bringin...
Chapter
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Balloons have had in instrumental part in many aspects of human flight in both aviation and space. Humans first left the surface of the Earth in 1783 in balloons, and rapid advances in high-altitude physiology were made in the following century as well as recognition of the grave dangers associated with high-altitude exposure. Balloons have advance...
Article
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Tephra is a unique volcanic product with an unparalleled role in understanding past eruptions, long-term behavior of volcanoes, and the effects of volcanism on climate and the environment. Tephra deposits also provide spatially widespread, high-resolution time-stratigraphic markers across a range of sedimentary settings and thus are used in numerou...
Article
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The ability to find and recognize patterns in high-dimensional geophysical data is fundamental to climate science and critical for meaningful interpretation of weather and climate processes. Archetypal analysis (AA) is one technique that has recently gained traction in the geophysical science community for its ability to find patterns based on extr...
Chapter
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Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Article
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Koopman operator theory has been successfully applied to problems from various research areas such as fluid dynamics, molecular dynamics, climate science, engineering, and biology. Applications include detecting metastable or coherent sets, coarse-graining, system identification, and control. There is an intricate connection between dynamical syste...
Article
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Understanding hydrocarbon cycling in the subsurface is important in various disciplines including climate science, energy resources and astrobiology. Mud volcanoes provide insights into biogeochemical processes occurring in the subsurface. They are usually associated with natural gas reservoirs consisting mainly of methane and other hydrocarbons as...
Article
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Intensification of the hydrological cycle resulting from climate change in West Africa poses significant risks for the region's rapidly urbanising cities, but limited research on flood risk has been undertaken at the urban domain scale. Furthermore, conventional climate models are unable to realistically represent the type of intense storms which d...
Chapter
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Through the efforts shared in this chapter, we embrace the hypothesis that local representations of our changing climate offer a key angle for facing climate change. We describe the coconstruction processes of climate services in five sites across Europe: Bergen (Norway), Brest, Kerourien (France), Dordrecht (the Netherlands), Gulf of Morbihan (Fra...
Article
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Our changing climate poses growing challenges for effective management of marine life, ocean ecosystems, and human communities. Which species are most vulnerable to climate change, and where should management focus efforts to reduce these risks? To address these questions, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Climate...
Conference Paper
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Le projet CASSANDRE (2022-2025) soutenu par l’ADEME vise à caractériser les extrêmes de chaleur (îlot de chaleur urbain, vagues de chaleur, canicules) aux échelles spatio-temporelles fines, et leurs impacts sanitaires associés, en particulier sur les populations vulnérables et/ou sensibles, à l’échelle du territoire grenoblois, en partenariat direc...
Article
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It has long been suggested that the mid-latitude atmospheric circulation possesses what has come to be known as ‘weather regimes’, loosely categorised as regions of phase space with above-average density and/or extended persistence. Their existence and behaviour has been extensively studied in meteorology and climate science, due to their potential...
Preprint
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The notion of mean temperature is crucial for a number of fields including climate science. However, so far its correct thermodynamical foundation is lacking or even believed to be impossible. A physically correct definition should not be based on mathematical notions of the means (e.g. the mean geometric or mean arithmetic), because those ignore t...
Article
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This paper investigated the information about Ice sheet melt and Ozone hole variations during three solar cycles. After performing the inquiry on the data, the final results pointed out that both phenomena varying accord with Earth's seasonality. The sea melt extension depends on the season and if the ocean waters are warmer around the polar caps....
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Article
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Considerable expansion of shrubs across the Arctic tundra has been observed in recent decades. These shrubs are thought to have a warming effect on permafrost by increasing snowpack thermal insulation, thereby limiting winter cooling and accelerating thaw. Here, we use ground temperature observations and heat transfer simulations to show that low s...
Chapter
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The Department of Meteorology at the University of Dhaka is the only department in Bangladesh to offer a full range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses in meteorology. It is the only institution in the country for research and teaching in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate sciences. The breadth of teaching covers virtually every aspect of atmo...
Article
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The assessment of Nigerian teachers' climate science literacy and training needs on climate change concepts (i.e., causes, impacts, and solutions) are absent. This study relates teachers' climate science literacy and their expressed training needs in other climate change concepts and places teachers in groups. Following a descriptive survey design,...
Article
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COVID-19 lockdowns resulted in dramatic changes to fossil fuel CO2 emissions around the world, most prominently in the transportation sector. Yet travel restrictions also hampered observational data collection, making it difficult to evaluate emission changes as they occurred. To overcome this, we used a novel citizen science campaign to detect emi...
Poster
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In our new MSc programme "Climate Change and Transformation Science", you will learn with internationally leading experts in climate science, climate economics and transformation science. You can choose to focus on natural science or social science aspects and study * the climate system, climate dynamics and climate change, * the connected risks of...
Conference Paper
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The Spanish Network for Isotopes in Precipitation (REVIP) comprises 20 monitoring stations which are located in the main River Basin Districts and in areas representative of the different climatic zones in Spain. Thanks to their wide geographic distribution, broad altitude range and the long-term sampling program, REVIP dataset is used in Spain as...
Article
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Climatic variations have impacted societies since the very beginning of human history. In order to keep track of climatic changes over time, humans have thus often closely monitored the weather and natural phenomena influencing everyday life. Resulting documentary evidence from archives of societies enables invaluable insights into the past climate...
Chapter
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Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Chapter
Full-text available
Während Klimaforschung lange als rein naturwissenschaftliches Unterfangen galt, wird sie zunehmend auch in den Sozialwissenschaften betrieben. Die Popularisierung in und außerhalb der Wissenschaft hat dabei nicht nur zu neuen Problembezügen geführt, sondern auch eine wachsende Unübersichtlichkeit produziert: Es ist ein Bedarf entstanden, disziplinä...
Preprint
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Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard for estimating the effects of interventions. Recent work has studied effect heterogeneity in RCTs by conditioning estimates on tabular variables such as age and ethnicity. However, such variables are often only observed near the time of the experiment and may fail to capture histo...
Article
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Developing a comprehensive document based on the utmost use of renewable energy efficiency in the architecture design is the first step in national level to follow the goals of sustainable architecture and this is not possible without having a deep trend of the climatic compartment. The modeling of comprehensive energy plans in the architecture wit...
Book
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Presents the oeuvre of Klaus Hasselmann, one of the leading figures of 20th century climate science This book is is open access which means you have free and unlimited access
Poster
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Climate change is reality which deals with the problem of climate variability and change and it deals with descriptions, causes, implications, interactions, impact and responses among other causes. The purpose of the journal is to provide a platform to exchange ideas among those working in different disciplines related to climate variations. The jo...
Article
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People’s observations of climate change and its impacts, mediated by cultures and capacities, shape adaptive responses. Adaptation is critical in regions of rainfed smallholder agriculture where changing rainfall patterns have disproportionate impacts on livelihoods, yet scientific climate data to inform responses are often sparse. Despite calls fo...