Science topic

Climate Change - Science topic

Climate Change is an any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Questions related to Climate Change
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Hi frds,
Is there a study of the impact of hunter vs gatherer codes societies on sustainable climate aware lifestyles?
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Once in place green markets will expand closer and closer towards environmentally clean markets until they are one market. And this raises the question, at what point green markets become environmentally clean markets?
What do you think is the answer to this specific question
Respectfully yours;
Note: You need to know what a green market is and how it works and what an environmentally clean market is and how it works to be able to have a positive contribution. The question is not about dwarf green markets.
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Good day, the two ideas that are important here are "environmentally clean market" and "green markets", You can find some good food for thoughts related to those concepts here:
Sustainability thoughts 139: How can the 2012 road to transition from environmental pollution based traditional economies to the environmentally clean economies that the world never built be pointed out?
Sustainability thought 173: Using the sustainability market price to derive the three perfect market ways to correct distorted traditional market pricing mechanisms under externality cost internalization
Sustainability thought 162: Can we transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmental clean economy with the use of dwarf green markets? If no, why not?
Beyond Traditional Market Thinking: What is the Structure of the Perfect Green market?
From Traditional Markets to Green Markets: A Look at Markets Under Perfect Green Market Competition
Sustainability thoughts 109: Linking perfect green market theory to the circular green economy
The Flipping of Traditional Economic Thinking: Contrasting The Working of Dwarf Green Market Thinking With That of Green Market Thinking to Highlight Main Differences and Implications
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Hello everyone,
I am currently working as a sustainability data scientist, and I'm intending to conduct independent research at the intersection of climate change and machine learning. I am highly proficient in data analysis, visualization, time series forecasting, supervised machine learning and natural language processing. Furthermore, I have substantial knowledge in the domains of climate change, biodiversity and sustainability in general. Here are a few examples of my past work:
In case you are interested in collaborating, I encourage you to leave a comment or message me. Thanks you for taking the time to read this post!
Regards,
Giannis Tolios
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I'm willing to collaborate and work with you
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Can I find someone who has information about the " 2nd Global Summit on Earth Science and Climate Change "(Adv. ESCC 2023)" conference ? Is it a real international conference? Has anyone ever participated in the first edition?
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@paul Somerville
Thanks for your interesting. I asked about that conference because I received an invitation as a speaker in it. And I would like to sure if it is a true conference.
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Looking for Climate-Smart agriculture (CSA) techniques which can be practically implemented in the existing agricultural fields i.e. on ground while farming.
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Climate-smart agriculture is an integrated approach to managing landscapes cropland, livestock, forests and fisheries that address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. Climate-smart agriculture is a pathway towards development and food security built on three pillars: increasing productivity and incomes, enhancing resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems and reducing and removing greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere.
Climate-smart crop production practices and technologies
  • Use of quality seeds and planting materials of well-adapted crops and varieties. ...
  • Ecological intensification & Biodiversity management. ...
  • Integrated Crop Resource Management. ...
  • Improved water productivity by introduce millet's in cropping system
  • Adoption of Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Soil and Land Management for Increased crop Productivity & Profitability.
  • Precision in mechanization
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I am having this idea of reclaiming part of the Sahara by planting trees to see whether it will assist in combating Climate Change.
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  • ANY of the 8 READERS of this QUESTION.. Is your country a member of the "Middle East Green Initiative" who will be planting 50 billion trees to combat desertification and eliminate the dust clouds?
  • If you could post answers to these questions below, it would be useful to see what each country's goals are...
  • If so, what is your country's tree planting goal?
  • What will be the annual budget for this ecological restoration work?
  • Which agency within your government will be responsible for the plantings?
  • Will the native grasses and wildflowers be planted along with the trees, to secure the soil around the trees to keep dust from blowing?
  • Will all of the trees be native to your country and no exotics planted?
  • Last year, SAUDI ARABIA's goal was ONE MILLION trees planted PER WEEK, until 10 billion are planted.
  • IRAN's goal is 4.5 MILLION trees per week for the next four years.
  • 24 countries at the COP27 meeting in November 2022, agreed to plant a total of 50 BILLION trees all together. YouTube video available of the meeting of the "Saudi Green Initiative" that was expanded to the "Middle East" group of the 24 counties.
  • Any oil or gas producing country, going to use the carbon credits produced by those trees, to be able to sell Carbon Neutral fossil fuels to your customers, like Occidental Petroleum did when 2 million barrels of Carbon Neutral oil was sold to India 2 years ago?
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(How) Sustainable structures need to be improvised based on climate change so that it will enroute towards green sustainability making Advance Technology (Inclusive).
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Anybody who has experience with the R package heatwaveR? Is it a good tool for heatwave and coldspells? Any other tools for heatwave and coldspells simulation that you can recommend?
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It can be used depending on what- are your objectives.
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Although, mangroves have been acknowledged as effective coastal bio-shields and conservation of the same has been taken up as a collective global agenda[1], a more collaborative and intensive effort should be put in place for conservation of these unique habitats. Similar to the collective efforts at the global level, collective efforts at the local and regional level should be initiated and fostered for conservation and sustainable management of mangrove habitats. In this context a discussion note was prepared to initiate a dialogue with individuals and organizations in India, especially on the eastern Indian coast to initiate the “Eastern Indian Mangrove Alliance for Conservation (EIMAC)”, to collectively identify the issues and opportunities and initiate a collaborative effort for conservation of mangrove habitats, sustainable economic development of the coastal communities and climate change mitigation and adaptation on the eastern Indian coast. The following sections of the discussion note provides an overview of the mangrove habitats of the eastern Indian coast, biodiversity, socio-economic conditions of the artisanal fishermen, and the threats of climate change. It was intended that this discussion note would provide the background and help to open the window for further discussion and initiate collaborative and collective action.
[1] Outlook Business Team, 2022. COP27 identifies mangroves as important solution to climate change. Outlook, retrieved online: https://www.outlookindia.com/business/cop27-identifies-mangroves-as-important-solution-to-climate-change-news-235946
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Along with the mangroves, as India as a member of the "Middle East Initiative", a lot of deserts are going to need to be replanted from western India to Pakistan, Arabia and central Africa, to keep the monsoon moisture moving across and producing even rainfall instead of droughts and floods.
What is happening now, is when the moisture goes over forests and native cover, then rain clouds can form. Then when it goes over barren deserts, two things can happen--the cloud stall and create floods or pass over the deserts and disappear because the hotter barren soil changes the dew point, so precipitation cannot occur. Image above of the areas that need to have native plant cover, to insulate the soil surface to keep the rainfall moving at an even track.
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Open AI such as chatgpt increase speed in reviewing large volumes of papers and generating original content.
How is likely to affect students examinations especially on essays and term papers?
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I think that AI is likely to have a significant impact on research publications such as review papers. AI can help to reduce the amount of time needed to review large volumes of papers by using natural language processing (NLP), machine learning algorithms, and other technologies. AI can also be used to generate original content, potentially increasing the speed and efficiency of the research process. However, in my opinion, I think it is difficult to predict the exact impact AI will have on students’ examinations. It is obvious that AI technology is still relatively new and its applications in education are still being explored. AI may have the potential to assist students in their examinations by providing automated grading, giving feedback on essay writing, and providing original content. However, it is important to note that AI is not yet able to replace human judgement and creativity, so it is unlikely that AI will replace traditional examinations at this time.
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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly advancing tool. It is heavily reliant on programming languages, data manipulation and analysis. As colleagues in the field of oceanography, I would like to know your opinions on the use of AI in this field. Furthermore, I would appreciate any recommendations for publications that could support your viewpoints.
It is important to be transparent about the limitations in terms of programming for the diferent subfields of oceanography, such as physical, chemical, biological, ecosystemic, and geological; how the incorporation of AI may lead to new disparities in scientific research; and how careful you would be with the use of these tools.
Thanks for your times!
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Sebastian Enrique Cornejo Guzmán AI is becoming an increasingly significant tool in oceanography because of its ability to handle and analyze vast volumes of data rapidly and efficiently. It is crucial to highlight, however, that the application of AI in oceanography may result in research inequities, since certain subfields may have more resources and skills to deploy AI-based methodologies than others. Furthermore, it is critical to be open about the limitations of AI in each sector and to utilize the technology with caution, ensuring that the findings are accurate and dependable.
There are several papers that explore the application of AI in oceanography, some of which are as follows:
  • "Deep Learning in Oceanography: A Review" by B. Kostas et al. (2019)
  • "Artificial Intelligence in Oceanography: Challenges and Opportunities" by J. Chen et al. (2019)
  • "The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Oceanography and Marine Affairs" by S. J. Kim et al. (2018)
These papers can give more thorough information on the application of AI in oceanography, including possible advantages and problems.
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I would to obtain a risk map related to the oak habitat using several ecological variables referring to climate change.
Thanks for your help.
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Antonio Luca Conte There are various software choices available for creating a climate change risk map for an oak ecosystem. Some common choices are:
1. ArcGIS is a geographic information system (GIS) program that may be used to produce comprehensive maps and analyze data. It is capable of analyzing climatic data and creating danger maps for specific ecosystems.
2. QGIS is a free and open-source geographic information system (GIS) program that may be used to build and analyze maps. It shares many of ArcGIS's features and may be used to generate risk maps for specific environments.
3. R is a statistical computing and graphics programming language and software environment. It's commonly used for data analysis and visualization, as well as risk mapping. Many R packages, such as 'raster' and 'dismo,' may be used to construct risk maps.
4. Google Earth Engine is a cloud-based platform for accessing and processing huge volumes of geographical data, including climate data. It may be used to generate risk maps for individual environments.
It should be noted that developing a risk map for a given ecosystem would need an understanding of GIS, data analysis, and modeling. If you lack such information, it may be preferable to seek advice from professionals in the subject, such as ecologists, climatologists, or geologists.
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Hi all,
Does anybody know how or where I can download a multi-model mean time series of the CMIP6 climate projection scenarios a certain location? It seems I can only find output from separate models, which is a lot work to put them together.
Thanks
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You may find this website to be useful. First, click on Gridded data, then select ensemble and download the NetCDF file.
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I am researching on the impact of climate change on Heritage structures.
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I think that climate change can have a significant impact on heritage structures. Warmer temperatures, increased precipitation, and changes in wind, precipitation, and temperature can all have a negative effect on these buildings. In particular, rising temperatures can cause materials to expand and contract more quickly, leading to cracking in masonry and other materials. Increased precipitation can lead to water damage and corrosion of metals, while changes in wind can increase the load on buildings, leading to structural damage. In addition, increased flooding can cause damage to the foundations of heritage buildings, and changes in the local climate can affect the vegetation around the buildings, leading to further erosion or damage. Substantially, I think that considering these, it is therefore important for heritage sites to be monitored for changes in climate and for regular maintenance and repair to be carried out to protect them from the effects of climate change.
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Milk and beef given the status quo clearly violate the 1.5 degrees Celsius limit - even in the near term.
As consumption patterns and cultural identifiers among middle class may be too sticky, how can the industry be demethanized?
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Changes in the diet of humans as well as cattle feed. Plus, converting animal and dairy wastes into bioenergy.
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Have central banks caused in the past more climate change due to an ultra-long period of low-interest rates and QE, or have the green initiatives sidelined by more and more central banks helped contain climate change?
What is your take on a historical perspective?
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If you had read the statutory tasks of the ECB (see https://www.ecb.europa.eu/ecb/tasks/html/index.en.html) you would have realized that changing the lifestyles of European populations is not within their competence. Incidentally, in democratic systems, this lies with the individual citizens, who express their political preferences through their voting behavior with regard to the various parties. If you personally want to bring about a change in lifestyle, you have to look for political majorities and not blame political institutions with other tasks!
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Is there an equilibrium where potential animals living on the bottom such as crabs, and lobsters may survive? Is plankton really totally autonomous from coral reefs?
How much maritime life is gone without coral reefs in percentages term?
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In a systemic approach, where the effects of coral reef loss are considered across multiple levels of an ecosystem, it is possible that some animals living on the bottom, such as crabs and lobsters, may survive. However, the loss of coral reefs can have significant impacts on the entire ecosystem, and the survival of these animals would likely be affected as well.
Coral reefs are critical habitats for a wide variety of marine life, providing food and shelter for many species of fish, invertebrates, and other organisms. The loss of coral reefs can lead to declines in the abundance and diversity of marine life. The exact percentage of marine life affected by coral reef loss is difficult to estimate, as it can vary depending on the specific location and the extent of the reef loss. However, it is estimated that over 25% of marine species are associated with coral reefs, and many of these species would be negatively impacted by reef loss.
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I am running urban scenarios predicted to 2060 in Envi-met. I increased air temperature according to climate change predictions (such as IPCC) and I would like to know if the solar radiation would change too or just the air temperature?
Best regards
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However, the interpretation of the results might be an issue.
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There are 10 planetary boundaries, some of which have already been breached. It is the climate change, the rate of loss of biological diversity, nitrogen cycle, weakening of the ozone layer, ocean acidity, lack of drinking water, intensive use of soil, growth of aerosols in the atmosphere, chemical pollution.
Can science and technology save the world?
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11 January MMXXIII
No.
Cordially...
ASJ
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Hi all!
I would like to ask your help.
I am working on the Hydrological modelling using HEC-HMS, with the ERA5-Land dataset for a basin in south of France
In particular, I downloaded the ERA5-Land precipitation data from Copernicus Climate Change Service relative to my basin in Netcdf/Grib format.
My questions are:
- Can I import my subset gridded data in HEC-HMS?
I tried to import the gridded data (File -> Import -> Gridded data) - 4 files in .nc format for a historical flood 1978, the variable is total precipitation - to convert NetCDF files in .dss format. In my case, I created the destination file called “Era5Land.dss”.
At the end of the importing, the file Era5Land.dss is empty, it doesn’t contains the converted data.
(I use HEC-HMS v4.10 )
Thank you!
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Hi
I did not use this model .
Good luck
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As it is evident, concrete production industry, especially cement has put the environment in a crucial situation via greenhouse gas production, as well as natural resources (e.g., sand) consumption. what could be done in order to make a shotcrete mix design more sustainable in order to achieve a good properties (e.g., mechanical, workability, etc.) product with less environmental footprints?
Many thanks,
Hossein Pouresmaeil.
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'To make a shotcrete mix more environmentally friendly, replace part of the Portland cement with supplementary cementitious materials, such as fly ash or slag cement. Using recycled aggregates and reducing the water-cement ratio can also help shotcrete have less negative impact on the environment. For example, the use of fly ash instead of half the cement can significantly reduce CO2 emissions. It is possible to further reduce the overall environmental impact of shotcrete by taking into account its life cycle, including the amount of maintenance required. The environmental impact of shotcrete can be reduced by curing it with wet burlap or burlap cloth, which requires less energy.'
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Usually hill stations is colder than plains. I understand that climate change is happening but I would like to understand the changes behind this scientifically. Thanks in advance !
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In a mountainous region one often has 'temperature inversions', for example in the Ganges valley and the Himalayas.
In that case at higher altitudes temperatures are higher at higher altitudes as opposed to a valley or air polluted valleys!
What is a temperature inversion?
In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude. It almost always refers to an inversion of the air temperature lapse rate, in which case it is called a temperature inversion. Normally, air temperature decreases with an increase in altitude, but during an inversion warmer air is held above cooler air.
An inversion traps air pollution, such as smog, close to the ground motly at night with very low wind speeds. An inversion can also suppress convection by acting as a "cap". If this cap is broken for any of several reasons, convection of any moisture present can then erupt into violent thunderstorms. Temperature inversion can notoriously result in freezing rain in cold climates as well.
Cheers,
Frank
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Hello everyone, how is everything going on there? I hope you’re doing well. Currently, I'm gonna conduct a study about the role of breed, feed, health, and environment improvement on livestock productivity. However, I have a doubt which one is best to contribute to livestock productivity. I want to know the one that should be prioritized, and/or at least contribute in a high percentage. Nowadays, the livestock sector is being claimed as a driver of climate change and food security. Indeed, to enhance food security, it would be better to mitigate climate change while increasing livestock productivity. I believe that breed, feed, health, and environment should be improved before the commencement of animal production. Here, my question is as follows:
Which one of the following is best contributing to livestock productivity?
A. BREED B. FEED C. HEALTH D. ENVIRONMENT
NB: I highly appreciate and encourage you to provide your description with the potential evidence.
With kindest regards!
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Breed it is the most determinant factor for the productivity of an animal
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The non chemical methods of insect-pest Management is important to ago-ecosystem in strengthening resilience to climate change and agriculture sustainability because synthetic chemical insecticides pollute whole environment and also hazardous to all living thiongs.
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  1. Chemical insecticides can be harmful to the environment and non-target species, including natural enemies of pests, which can disrupt the balance of ecosystems and make them more vulnerable to future pest outbreaks.
  2. Chemical insecticides can also contribute to the development of insecticide resistance in pest populations, which can make them more difficult to control in the long run.
  3. Non-chemical methods of pest control, such as biological control and cultural practices, can be more sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives to chemical insecticides.
  4. Non-chemical methods of pest control can also be more resilient to the impacts of climate change, as they do not rely on a single method or chemical that may be less effective under changing conditions.
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What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Control loop to control global warming
What must be done and when to slow greenhouse gas emissions
"My process control analysis shows that Global Warming is out of control and large-scale immediate action is needed to avoid disaster. On the other hand, I am still optimistic, because the cost of green energy is dropping while the cost of fossil fuels is rising and therefore the conversion effort to a solar-hydrogen energy economy is already profitable, not to mention that once it is started, it will trigger an economic boom not seen since the end of World War II..."
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Do you agree with me that we have to combat desertification in each of its locations in order to reduce severe climate changes and dust ؟
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Dear Dr. Rasha A Waheeb ,
Do you agree with me that we have to combat desertification in each of its locations in order to reduce severe climate changes and dust ?
Cf.
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Along with gender and race, I am using summated scores from the Climate Change Anxiety Scale and the ASES (academic self-efficacy inventory) all as predictor variables. My dependent variable is YES/NO to choosing a Natural Science major.
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Ok fine, good luck.
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From 1987 WCED report to 2022 COP27 emission have gone up despite the sustainable development push, the Kyoto protocol, the original millennium development goals, the Paris Agreement, the new development goals, all COP processes…..
The only thing missing all those years are green markets to transition from the dirty economy to the clean economy, which could have been set up as a result of 2012 Rio + 20 conferences(UNCSD), but they were not set up…as the world decided to go the environmental pollution management way….
And this raises the question; Can we transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy without green markets?
I think No, what do you think? Why do you think so?
Short answers are the best to exchange ideas.
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It is possible to transition from an environmentally dirty economy to an environmentally clean economy without relying solely on green markets. Green markets, which refer to the buying and selling of goods and services that are environmentally friendly or sustainable, can certainly play a role in promoting the transition to a cleaner economy. However, there are other policy and regulatory approaches that can also be effective in driving the transition to a more environmentally friendly economy.
For example, governments can implement policies and regulations that encourage or require businesses to adopt cleaner technologies and practices. These can include measures such as carbon pricing, fuel efficiency standards, and renewable energy incentives. Governments can also invest in research and development to support the development of cleaner technologies and practices.
Additionally, there are other ways that individuals and communities can contribute to the transition to a cleaner economy, even if they are not participating in green markets. For example, individuals can reduce their own environmental impacts by making environmentally friendly choices in their daily lives, such as using energy-efficient appliances and reducing their use of single-use plastics. Communities can also work together to advocate for cleaner policies and practices at the local and national levels.
Overall, the transition to a cleaner economy will likely involve a combination of approaches, including both green markets and other policy and regulatory measures.
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My question might sound bit silly. But, I am really curious to know what makes two GCMs differnt? We know, GCMs simulate past and future climate based on some assumptions. Regarding future, we can not comment anything, but when the task is to simulate past climate, why does the model output vary from each other? Can someone please elaborate on this with some examples?
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Search for and read "The Art and Science of Climate Model Tuning" in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society to gain an understanding of the complexity of forcing models to replicate some of the "essential" elements of the global climate
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Most professors (not listened to), and a small intelligentsia in the 68 generation, Millenials and even smaller in Gen Y are into it from a subjective perspective, which may be wrong.
Seems only the highly educated segment of Gen Z really seems to understand the implications of 1.5 degrees Celsius for personal lifestyle.(?)
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This comment doesn't directly answer your question but identifies one of the variables that are worth investigating.
1. As Alexander Kolker has noted, the effects of global heating are uneven. Until this year, the effects in some of the temperate-zone countries like Australia (which has already reached average 1.5 degrees) have not been dramatic enough to shift majority public opinion towards acknowledging the dangers. That is changing as extreme weather events have recently afflicted Australia, the US and the UK.
2. I mention those three countries because they are the three where the Rupert Murdoch media empire is dominant. Murdoch personally holds strong anti-environmental views and his outlets almost without exception have campaigned against recognition of the threat of climate change and against acceptance of scientific warnings. This campaign has been extremely effective in the US for example and therefore has affected global policy in the regressive direction. It continues to this day, although in Australia at least the influence of his media outlets is fading as they are gaining a reputation as being propaganda outlets not news media. The influence continues globally via the Sky News Australia outlet.
3. Returning to your question, I would investigate the sources of news of the different generations. Social media is probably a stronger source of news with the younger generation than the older ones. I think that social media are breaking the power of conventional media. The anti-progressive campaigning by right wing media is undermining the legitimacy of the right wing media.
4. The younger generations are generally more pro-environmental, pro-human rights, pro-diversity and anti-economic inequality. Spurred on by global evidence of environmental decline and climate change, the younger generations will increasingly disregard the rhetoric coming from the Murdoch empire and other right-wing media against climate action.
5. You might like to study the evidence of the voting behaviour of the generations in the recent Australian elections – federal in May and Victorian in November. There was a dramatic drop in support by the younger generations for the conservative parties, who in Australia have almost uniformly opposed action on climate change. Younger voters deserted them while the older generations' votes split more evenly with the progressive parties. Interestingly also, the younger generations are not becoming more conservative in their political alignment as they grow older, they are remaining pro-environmental, pro-diversity and pro-equality. This evidence is available publicly online. It will force the right wing parties to shift their opposition to climate action or they won't win any future elections. This shift in the opinion of the younger generations is certain to be permanent. The Murdoch media have poisoned the conservative parties' policy agenda.
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Scooping through the ranks of influencers outside the Confucian societies at the top of the society, striking to see the multiplying modus.
Is there research on this?
Is there a table of professions in conjunction with fertility?
-How about e.g. climate scientists, businessmen, and politicians?
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Yes, there is research on this topic. For example, a study conducted by the University of Oxford found that fertility varies significantly across different professions. The study found that climate scientists, businessmen, and politicians tend to have higher fertility rates than other professions. Additionally, the study found that those in higher-ranking positions and with higher levels of education tend to have higher fertility rates. Other studies have also found that higher-ranking positions and higher levels of education are associated with higher fertility rates.
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Since 1987 WCED "Our common future" A NO BRAINER was to find the way to close the renewable energy technology gap in order to slowly, but surely transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy so as to face the environment issues like global warming/climate change head on,..........
But this need was not the focus to my knowledge of the 1997 Kyoto protocol or the 2012 UNCSD conference or the 2015 Paris agreement or sustainable development goals, old and current or the recent COP27 or talking points of the UNFCCC. Like the word "transition" is toxic.
And this raises the question, Who benefits from blocking the transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy?
What do you think?
Please share your own views
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The primary beneficiaries of blocking the transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy are those who have a vested interest in maintaining the status quo. This could include corporations and industries that rely heavily on fossil fuels and other non-renewable energy sources, as well as governments that are heavily invested in such industries. Additionally, those who are not ready to commit to the costly investments necessary for transitioning to a cleaner economy also benefit from delaying the process. Finally, those who are resistant to change and/or resistant to environmental regulations can also benefit from blocking the transition.
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Imaging Adam Smith stating the theory of the perfect green market in 1776 instead of the theory of the perfect traditional market. This has current development implications in terms of current social, environmental and population issues. And this leads to the question: What are the main current negative implications of Adam Smith’s legacy? Why it turned out this way?
What do you think?
Please share your own ideas.
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1. Unsustainable Economic Growth: Adam Smith's perfect traditional market theory focused on economic growth as the ultimate goal, without any consideration for environmental protection or sustainability. This has led to a focus on unrestrained growth and over-consumption, which has had a devastating effect on the environment and has contributed to the climate crisis we now face.
2. Wealth Inequality: Adam Smith's theory of the perfect traditional market relies heavily on the concept of competition, which has created an environment of winners and losers in the economic arena. This has resulted in extreme wealth inequality, where the wealthy few have become increasingly richer while the majority of the population has become poorer. This wealth gap has been exacerbated by globalization and the free-market system, which has allowed the rich to take advantage of cheaper labor, resources, and products in poorer countries.
3. Exploitation of Workers: Adam Smith's theory of the perfect traditional market has allowed companies to exploit workers by paying them low wages and providing them with few benefits. This has resulted in a breakdown of the social contract between employers and employees, allowing companies to take advantage of their workers in order to maximize profits.
4. Poor Working Conditions: Poor working conditions are a direct result of the free-market system championed by Adam Smith. Companies are able to pay workers low wages, offer few benefits, and provide them with sub-standard working conditions in order to maximize profits. This has led to a decrease in job satisfaction and an increase in workplace stress and burnout.
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Wondering how a scaled Gaming and Metaverse industry can be aligned with the climate limit?
Cherish your ideas.
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1. Increase the use of renewable energy to power gaming and esports hardware, such as by using solar or wind-powered sources.
2. Encourage virtual events, such as virtual tournaments, to reduce carbon emissions related to travel.
3. Research and develop more energy-efficient gaming hardware, such as graphics cards, processors, and gaming consoles.
4. Promote the use of gaming-as-a-service (GaaS) models, which can reduce the amount of energy used to run online games.
5. Develop more eco-friendly gaming peripherals, such as keyboards and controllers made from recycled materials.
6. Implement carbon offset programs for gaming and esports events.
7. Encourage the development of new technologies that can reduce the carbon footprint of gaming and esports, such as cloud gaming.
8. Support the development of sustainable gaming and esports infrastructure, such as data centers that use renewable energy sources.
9. Educate the gaming and esports community on the importance of sustainability and the impact of their activities on the environment.
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It can be said the perfect green market thinking is the one that comes from correcting the knowledge base of the perfect traditional market so as to be able to correct environmentally distorted traditional market prices to transform them in green market prices.
This is the perfect market thinking behind the ideas of green economy and green growth and green markets that were supposed to be advanced since 2012 RIO +20(UNCSD) to address environmental issues head on, but the world went the way of dwarf green markets instead.
Hence, instead of going to a perfect market(Green market) to address the environmental concerns distorting the traditional market pricing mechanism, we moved to an imperfect market(Dwarf green market) to deal with environmental issues since 2012.
In other words, instead of going the way of environmental pollution reduction markets we went the way of environmental pollution management markets.
And this raises the question, What is a dwarf green market ?
Any ideas?
Feel free to share your own views on the answer
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Good day Peter, Thank you for taking the time to write!
Did you read the context on which this question is based? Do you know what a green market is and its market structure? Do you know what a traditional market is and its market structure?. A dwarf green market is in between, it looks like it is something else but it is not. For example, a dwarf green market is not a green market and it is not a traditional market at the same time.
Can you please think a little bit more carefully and try again? Keep in mind, a farmers market depending on its market structure can be a green market or a dwarf green market or a traditional market.
To help clarified this I asked the question "What is a dwarf green market?
Feel free to comment again.
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
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Hi frds,
Much research aims at mobilizing 25% of the population for initiating a social tipping point.
Is this reasonable for climate change too?
Climate change seems to be difficult to transport given the intergenerational time lag, complex topic, elitist, moral hazard issues, and unpopular non-mainstreamers who transport the issue.
Additionally, may the saturated sticky demographics make it impossible to let the 25% domino into the rest?
What are your thoughts and research? Can the social tipping point issue be addressed with the complex topic of climate change?
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Thx@Peter. The sinus milieu of the climate movement hints at a compartmentalized milieu with inside out dynamics, which create antagonistic adversaries, in my opinion. See strong reactionary nationalistic simplistic ranking clusters taking hold everywhere - no environment for peaceful dominoing in. Would love to have more non-subjective gut research about this.
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Happy for good links.
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One of the most reliable links for real-time data and predictions on the Jet Stream and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The NOAA Ocean Prediction Center provides up-to-date forecasts, analysis, and guidance for the Jet Stream and AMOC. The NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory also provides data and analysis related to the Jet Stream and AMOC.
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The human population has grown significantly, so has anthropogenic activities. Our economies have become more industrialized over the past few hundred years, and as a result many more people have moved into towns and cities. Nearly 70% of the world's population lives in the urban areas and are attracted by jobs in manufacturing and the professions, as well as by increased opportunities for education, health, basic amenities and entertainment.
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The projects that are implemented due to urbanization become a social impact to the society.It is advised that before a project is implemented,an environmental impact assessment(EIA) is carried out to check both the positive and negative environmental effects of a project,since it will influence climate change.
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Think about the issue non-renewable sources of energy vrs renewable energy or dirty economy vrs clean economy, the decision to go green markets or to avoid going green markets affects positively or negatively in the short and long term the dynamics producers vrs consumers.
Hence, each decision has consequences, which raises the question: Who are the winners and losers so far from 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance?
What do you think?
Please share your own views
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Yes, I can certainly rethink my list of winners and losers in a green market paradigm shift avoidance world.
Winners: -Fossil fuel companies, as they can continue with their business-as-usual practices without facing the pressure of transitioning to cleaner and more renewable energy sources.
-Companies that are able to produce and sell goods and services at a lower cost, as they won't be required to invest in more expensive green technology.
-Industries that rely heavily on fossil fuels, such as the automotive and airline industries, as they can continue to operate without having to invest in more expensive green technology.
Losers: -Environmentalists and activists, as their efforts to push for a shift to green markets will not be successful.
-Companies that produce renewable energy technology, as they will not be able to benefit from the increased demand for their products.
-Consumers, as they will not be able to take advantage of the lower prices that green markets can provide.
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I am in need of climate change impact on water resource in Ethiopia research recently published on prestigious Journal???
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Plant trees, native grasses and wildflowers and the rains will return. Like what 24 countries are going right now with the Middle East Green Initiative, planting 50 billion trees. The Saudis will plant 10 billion themselves.
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This is an Emergency Situation where Drought is hitting Europe, Along with Africa and other continents. We need crazy ideas, to overcome this critical problem.
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In UAE, desalination of Seawater is being extensively practiced. I think it would be a viable option for "Emergency situation" as you have mentioned. I agree with Harald G. Dill in terms of taste and quality issues.
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Hi frds,
Some societies are socialized with hunting pack code and rank throughout the institutions. Is it possible to substitute this code in a lifetime?
Cherish your feedback.
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From a sociological perspective, I would say that socialization is a process that passes on cultural and normative rules between generations of a society and diverse sub-groups. How and what socialization means in detail, which cultivating effects this may have, is different.
If, however, as in the case of the question raised, this hierarchical thinking in terms of the pack is an effect of socialization, then there can of course also be other forms of socialization that are less hierarchical. Feminist researchers have been dealing with questions of alternative modes of socialization, de-hierarchizations, other cultivations, etc. for decades. The fundamental feminist critique of patriarchal structures concerns, among other things, such hierarchizing questions and structures.
Furthermore, the statement "some societies" points out that there are other societies where this is not the case. In this respect, the question would be, what do these other societies and cultures do differently? Where are the differences and why?
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As it is evident, due to climate change and global warming, as well as energy shortage, there is a crucial need for energy consumption reduction and carbon contamination reduction in households as a major part of these events. One of the novel solutions for managing these problems is digital twins for better management in the construction and also maintenance processes of homes. I want to know:
Firstly, how much could this method be effective in this situation?
Secondly, what are the mechanisms and methods for this system?
Best regards,
Hossein Pouresmaeil.
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Digital twins could be highly effective in the context of carbon neutrality and energy consumption reduction in the home sector. By leveraging the power of data, digital twins can provide an accurate picture of energy consumption and allow homeowners to take proactive steps to reduce their energy consumption and emissions. For example, digital twins can create detailed energy models of individual homes, track energy usage in real-time, and provide insights into how different energy-saving measures can impact energy consumption and emissions. Additionally, digital twins can also help homeowners optimize their energy usage by providing personalized recommendations and alerts. Ultimately, digital twins can be used to empower homeowners to make better decisions about their energy consumption and reduce their carbon footprint.
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Dear researchers, A question.
What is the role of the United Nations and its specialized organizations in protecting the environment in war zones, especially since most of the factories and projects that are established in such an environment are outside all regulatory specifications that take into account environmental conditions?????. Shouldn't the United Nations be more efficient and effective, especially with the increase in climate disasters???.
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climate change disclosure (governance, strategy and risk management)
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Hello Bashaer KHUDHAIR ABBAS Alkhafaji
I do not think climate change is measured based only on one country. It is a global issue, but you can generalize by studying companies based in Iraq that contributed to reducing environmental risk, such as reducing carbon emissions, by using corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosures as indicators. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosures can be found in companies’ annual reports.
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In many south Asian countries including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, women farmers are playing an important role in agriculture. With effects of climatic change more visible and severe than ever, women are evolving their own mechanisms to fight the after effects to mitigate the risk and uncertainty. What are your views on challenges faced by the women and strategies adopted by them to minimize the risk and uncertainty in agricultural production. Any links to studies on this topic are welcome.
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The global climate crisis has exacerbated gender inequality around the world. Women are often more vulnerable than men to climatic variability and extremes based on a variety of factors, including socially constructed roles and responsibilities, limited access to and control over resources, muted voices in decision-making, restricted rights, and limited access to education. All these factors contribute to preventing women from standing up against climate catastrophes on their own. Poor women are particularly at risk from environmental stresses caused by the increased frequency and intensity of climate-induced droughts, floods, heat waves, deforestation, and the accompanying scarcity of natural resources, given that they have access to even fewer opportunities and resources. Women are the primary gatherers of water, food, and fuel, and they dominate subsistence farming, caregiving, and cleaning. These duties are more prone to feel the effects of environmental degradation and rising global temperatures as they rely heavily upon natural resources. Women give greater priority to protection of and improving the capacity of nature, maintaining farming lands, and caring for nature and environment's future. Repeated studies have shown that women have a stake in environment, and this stake is reflected in the degree to which they care about natural resources. South Asian women proactively employ their own traditional ecological knowledge and skill set to adapt to the constant changes in their environments, lives, and livelihoods. In South Asia's rural areas, women are the primary caretakers of the households. There is a significant body of literature on gender and climate change, which shows that women and men perceive and experience climate change differently, and usually women are more vulnerable due to their dependence on natural resources and structural inequity in their access and control of such resources. The simple view of women as a homogenous group is shifting toward a more complex view of identities within gender. Multiple social, economic, and cultural characteristics interact with gender in influencing power inequities and explaining how and why people face and manage climate change and environmental stresses in different ways.
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It can be said that all perfect markets once in place will tend to produce at the lowest price possible to maximize profits, but the link between pollution dynamics and profit making is different.
Which raises the question, can you see the difference between the way perfect traditional markets make money as compared to how other perfect markets like the perfect red market or perfect green market or perfect sustainability market do it in terms of pollution dynamics?.
Any ideas?
Please, share your own views!
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What concept you use for a perfect market? Sounds a bit neo-classical microeconomics to me … and that is a different set of thought linking to circular economy / sustainability/ external economies …
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Dear reachers,
I am studying the "qmap" package in R language, to perform bias correction (Quantile Mapping). I have read the Help Documentation about "qmap" package, and all cases are based on precipitation data. These codes include common parameter——“wet.day”, which is intended for precipitation data.
What is the difference between specific R codes for different climatic variables, such as precipitation, temperature, solar, or wind speed?
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Thanks for your answers.
I have read your article, and that's pretty good. As you mentioned, the qmap package provides many methods to explore the relationship between observed and molded values. The selected method is critical to bias correction and varied from previous studies. This might is due to differences in studied areas, global climate models (GCMs), and data scales (monthly or daily).
When I need to perform the bias correction for many climatic stations and GCMs, what should I do to find the suitable method in qmap.
Sincerely
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It is impossible to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs in 2030, as we know that effective actions do not exist yet?!
Over 46,000 deligats including 112 country leaders attended in COP27, they discussed and made a negotiation about the climate change. no actions was taken after the previous COP-meetings. Will this be the same as the previous COPs or is there a different hope than those?
Your opinion is important.
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Mohamed Ali Ahmed -- IS Somalia a member of the "Middle East Green Initiative" now, or going to join soon? Replanting the trees on the eastern edge of the country, would help increase the rainfall in the summer. The Indian monsoon rain/moisture is going over your country all of the time, but cannot form rainclouds where no trees grow. Watch the moisture track at http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time/imagemain.php?&basin=indian&prod=irn&sat=m5 and there is a ton of moisture between the equator and 20 degrees north--just cannot form clouds until your country starts planting those native trees back. See https://www.ecoseeds.com/cool.html
Once you have trees, you can start sequestering carbon and help fix Global Warming. You do not need anyone to approve this measure at any COP meeting, that is why the Saudis got the 24 countries together to plant the 50 billion trees this month, separate from the COP27 meeting.
And the oil companies should pay for those plantings, so they could sell carbon neutral fossil fuel products, like Occidental Petroleum did last year when it sold 2 million barrels of carbon neutral oil to India.
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Hi frds,
almost all problems we face are international/global, intertwined, and complex (climate change, financial markets, economic systems, geopolitics, global trade, food systems, global wealth creation, pandemics, refugees, etc.), where effects are intergenerational and full of moral hazard.
Would love to learn what percentage share of a population thinks globally and holistic in the following regions:
-USA
-Continental Europe
-UK
-Japan
-Singapore
-Scandinavia
If possible a breakdown of the generations would be fantastic. Especially Gen Z.
Appreciate research.
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Hi,
I am from Malaysia and interested to work with you on this project. Feel free to contact me or via email: kahchoon.15@gmail.com
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Hi frds,
after crossing the 1.5 degrees Celsius tipping point, where do you think is the next stationary equilibrium level and when will it be reached?
Research is ambiguous about it.
Cherish your views/research.
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Dear Thomas,
unfortunately, the increased use of the concept of "tipping points" in the Earth system over the past few years has led to some misunderstandings. Although often characterized as such, crossing the "magic" 1.5 K mark of anthropogenic warming as such does not constitute a fundamenral regime shift. It is simply a rough estimation of a line above which many Earth system components are believed to change in ways that would proove dangerously difficult for humans to adapt to with reasonable means. Physical tipping points do exist in several Earth system components such as the AMOC, Greenlandic and Antarctic ice sheets (to name some prominent examples). However, it is not the case that they will suddenly be triggererd, as it were, when the 1.5 K mark is crossed. However, they do constitute potential future tipping elements that one should keep watching with increasing concern. It is not possible, though, to give one single date or figure for a singular global tipping point (so to speak) in the Earth system triggered by anthropogenic warming. 1.5 °C is a rather arbitrary number when comparing the impacts in a 1.5 K world with that of a + 1.49 or 1.51 K Earth...
Best,
Julius
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Hi frds,
Looking for a realistic scenario assessing the impact of the decisions made on COP27 in reference to the annual CO2 emission for the next 10 years.
Cherish realistic input.
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As you may be aware, some months before a COP event, world countries are required to submit their carbon emission reduction pledges (Nationally Determined Contributions) to the UN FCCC. At the actual COP event world leaders tend to tweak these pledges but not by much. For example, in 2021 the UN FCCC calculated that the pre-COP26 countries' combined projected 2030 global emissions would be about 16% over the 2010 level. During COP26 world leaders tweaked this to about 13.7% over 2010 global emissions. (https://unfccc.int/news/cop26-update-to-the-ndc-synthesis-report)
This year, according to the September pre-COP 27 UNFCCC report, as at October 2022, the combined countries' projected emissions would bring 2030 global emissions to about 10% MORE than the 2010 level. (https://unfccc.int/news/climate-plans-remain-insufficient-more-ambitious-action-needed-now). So a slight improvement over what was promised last year. I haven't yet looked at what world leaders have pledged at COP27. But I hope that this time round they've promised to meaningfully reduce their up-to-now very unsatisfactory promises.
As you are probably aware, the IPCC experts have long been underlining that 2030 global emissions need to be about 45% LESS than 2010 global emissions for the world to stay within the safety upper global warming limit of 1.5 degree Celsius. So if world leaders have promised to aim for 2030 emissions that hover at 10% over 2010 levels, they really could've stayed home and saved the emissions generated to fly in all the delegations to Egypt. The world would've been better off if the the money spent on organising COP27 were given say to Egypt for using to boost its green transition.
According to the UN FCCC, the current emission pledges put the world on track "for around 2.5 degrees Celsius of warming by the end of the century."(https://unfccc.int/news/climate-plans-remain-insufficient-more-ambitious-action-needed-now)
Over the last decades, the forecasts of the UN FCCC and the IPCC have had one consistent mark, which is of giving conservative forecasts. While steeped in prudence, these conservative forecasts have time and again turned out to underestimate the extent of what pans out in reality.
A maybe more telling and unfortunately more chilling forecast is the highest emissions pathway scenario the IPCC gave in its August 2021 report on Climate, dubbed by UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres as "Code Red for Humanity." In this report, the IPCC forecasts that if CO2 emissions double from 2015 levels by 2050, the median global temperature increase would be of about 4.4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. I don't think that the IPCC chose this scenario haphazardly... If one looks back, one finds that CO2 emissions have actually doubled in the last 42 years... so basically in a coded way, is the IPCC saying that if we continue to double emissions at the same rate of these last decades, we're looking at a median global temperature increase of about 4.4 degrees Celsius? With a very likely range of 3.3 and 5.7 degrees Celsius.
Given all the above, I sadly have to conclude that COP events have not yielded the reductions we drastically and urgently need.
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Hi frds,
what set of values, ethics and mode of thinking do you think we need in order to survive beyond the next decades?
The same ones as before?
These values brought us here?
human-centric thinking?
Cherish your ideas.
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To both Andrew and Primus,..... maybe if we talk about intrinsic and instrumental desires/needs it might help to clarify points made by you both and I think would serve your respective positions very well.
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Hi frds,
Looking for an European csv, xlsx time series regarding the daily temperature for at least the last decade.
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Have you looked at EOBS ?
It is my "go to" source for European met data.
Martyn
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Indiscriminate use of synthetic chemical insecticides and climate change create severe problems to beneficial insects and residual problem in food material. To maintain the sustainability in aggro-ecosystem and agriculture sustainability IPM is must.
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@ Hem, integrated insect-pest management is important because it maintains the national crop ecosystem balance and contributes to food and water safety, as reducing the amount of pesticides used in turn reduces residues in food, feed and fiber, and environment.
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Hi frds,
given several endogenous and exogenous shocks at the same time, how can people be led to a new comfort zone, which is way off the old one (climate change, epidemiology, hunger, era of constraints, scarcity, huge debts, etc.)
Is this possible or should a separation equilibrium be sought after, as the majority pursues the road to disaster?
Open data, journalistic intermediation, and following trusted persons (Nr.1 of trusted qualified people: the fireman) clearly does not work.
Cherish your research.
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Such change is well documented in psychology. there have been many studies that have investigated how a minority can cause change in a majority. Moscovici 1969 in particular did much research. He found that there are 3 factors that are important. They are consistency, commitment and flexibility. Confidence in the correctness of one's own belief is also important.
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Almost all climate change was caused by developed country but both developed and developing countries suffer as a result of climate change! Is there any compensation mechanism established for developing country? If so, what are these mechanism? Was these mechanism started to operate?
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Climate change has been going on for 100's of thousands of years; this is nothing new!
Lou
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The Kyoto protocol failed, was it because it was not binding across the board? or because it had too many loopholes? or because the USA did not sign it or because it attempted a patch to a pollution emission problem instead of a fix?
What do you think?
Please express your own views so as to exchange ideas
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Good day Guoyu, thanks for writing.
After 1987 WCED "Our Common Future" we knew that social unsustainability (social pollution) and environmental unsustainability (environmental pollution) were clear signs the traditional market development model had not worked as expected so the WCED commission asked the world to go beyond business as usual to solve these pollution problems/internalized them once and for all.
In 1997 the world tried to deal with the environmental pollution part by addressing pollution emission issue, by not by setting up environmental pollution reduction markets(green markets) to transition the environmentally dirty economy to the clean economy, a full or dominant renewable energy based economy, but by dealing with emissions in a way that allows the dirty economy criticized by the WCED in 1987 to continue running..... When you deal with emission in a way to keep the dirty economy running you are not fixing the environmental pollution issue embedded in the traditional market pricing mechanism, you are just PATCHING the problem....
Because I saw the Kyoto protocol as a patching mechanism, not as an environmental fix to the traditional market way of thinking, I was expecting it to fail in the long term regardless as the environmental sustainability gaps created by the patch are delinked from the global warming goals/targets and you can have the situation that YOU ARE DOING SOMETHING yet the emission levels may still increase regardless, which is what happened here....
Emissions increasing despite the protocol can be explained by the fact that patching the emission problem while the dirty economy is still polluting is a good business opportunity for businesses as they can make money without taking full responsibility for the full environmental cost associated with their business activities….As long as they can pass the patching cost to consumers they are fine….and they were fine with the protocol until it failed…
Guoyu, as you may know the 1997 Kyoto agreement was reached, signed and failed.
So the question is “Looking back, why did the 1997 Kyoto protocol actually failed?”
Do you think that you can solve the pollution emission problem from inside the dirty economy while the pollution generation mechanism is still active?
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
.
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Hello dear colleagues
How I am exploring colling strategies in buildings against overheating impact of climate change in this regard, I wanted to know where can i download RCP 8.5 free which are valid and trust
best regard
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The RCP database intends to document the "Representative Concentration Pathways" emissions, concentrations, and land-cover change projections (RCPs).
Click on the link below and fill in your details to retrieve the RCP 8.5 data
You might also find these links useful
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From November (6–18), in Egypt’s resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, the world's leaders will gather for their fifth time on the same continent, Africa, that is vulnerable to climate change. We all know that this is the 27th meeting where world leaders and experts gather to plan how to attempt a global pandemic that has stayed in the public discourse for two and a half decades since COP1 in (Berlin, Germany, 1995). Climate change is an issue that is complicated to dissect by both the so-called experts and the states and institutions, just like it is for a local man who is merely represented in these discussions. The media has complicated it a little more. However, it has managed to bring the issue to the most local communities and people in countries that are vulnerable to this whole global pandemic. What does that "last man", the news listener or viewer, back in the rural community in the global south think about this whole issue that is being discussed on his or her behalf?
You are very welcome to give your views.
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Farmer usually observe all the climatic variability which generally we consider the effect of climatic change. They don't know much about this term but they know global warming and in true sense they know uncertainty related to agriculture crop. In my region (Uttarakhand, India), farmer usually tell about their past agriculture production, and now they observe the uncertainty in rainfall, dryness, etc.
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Soil organic carbon is the largest reservoir of organic carbon in the terrestrial biosphere. Change in atmospheric CO2 could affect soil carbon storage through changes in plant and microbial activities.
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High CO2 levels cause plants to thicken their leaves, which could worsen climate change effects.
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The adverse impacts of climate change have become more noticeable worldwide,
the evidence of which includes rising sea levels, melting glaciers, increasing
wildfires, and changing biodiversity, which have been observed all over the world. To respond
to climate change, all the parties (195 member countries) in the United Nations Framework
The convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) committed to the Paris Agreement in December
2015 with the aim of limiting global warming to well below 2 C above pre-industrial
levels and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5 C. Notably, the Paris Agreement
provides an ambitious opportunity to consolidate the relationship between climate and
development. But we've recently observed drastic changes in the temperature level, droughts, and floods in many developed and developing countries. In this case, what do you think about the impact of gaining SDG goals where climate change is negatively affecting us?
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I suggest reviewing the following paper:
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What forms of external financing of pro-climate and pro-environmental economic ventures within the framework of green finance dominate now and will dominate in the future?
In recent years, various forms of financing pro-environmental business ventures within the framework of green finance have been growing in importance.
Within the framework of green financing of pro-environmental and pro-climate economic ventures, e.g. in the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, improvement of energy transmission and storage systems, development of sustainable organic agriculture, improvement of waste sorting and recycling systems, construction of wastewater treatment plants and recovery of clean water, development of electromobility, zero-energy construction, etc. Commercial banks offer green loans, internationally operating investment banks and investment funds provide financing combined with equity participation in green investment, enterprises and companies provide green loans to their subsidiaries, the state offers green subsidies offered by government agencies as part of programs to activate the green transformation of the economy. At the UN Climate Summit COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, which began on 6.11.2022, discussions are expected to focus on financial needs and commitments, financing pro-climate and pro-environmental business ventures within the framework of green finance, and shaping the tools needed to respond to the damage that climate change is causing. At the aforementioned COP27 Climate Summit in Egypt, delegates from nearly 200 countries are holding lectures and discussions on the issue of financial compensation to poor countries for the growing damage from global warming. This is a new topic on the agenda, appearing at the UN Climate Summit COP27 for the first time in a decade, i.e., since the start of such conferences and climate talks. At last year's UN Climate Summit COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland, one of the new topics and agreements was a commitment to end forest deforestation by the end of the current decade, i.e., by 2030. However, in connection with the new agenda topic that emerged at UN Climate Summit COP27, viz. the issue of financial compensation to poor countries for the growing damage of global warming is an important issue that needs to be elaborated is the identification of key sources of financing, types of external financing within the framework of green finance, clarification of the objectives of financial support, i.e. the key types of negative effects of the progressive global warming process in countries characterized by low levels of economic development, low incomes and the ability to implement pro-climate and pro-environmental economic projects on their own. First of all, most of the poor countries, characterized by low income and low level of economic development are located in the tropical and subtropical climate zones and therefore in zones particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. In these countries, the problem of droughts is intensifying, and they are becoming more severe and prolonged every year. Droughts, declining rainfall, declining supplies of clean water are serious problems for agriculture, causing a decline in the production of agricultural crops and a growing problem of food shortages. In a large part of the mentioned poor countries, large-scale predatory logging has been implemented in recent years, the scale of deforestation has significantly increased, including natural biodiverse forest ecosystems, various forest formations, including, among others, the largest natural complex of forest ecosystems, known as the lungs of the planet, i.e. the rainforests of the Amazon. In this regard, it is a necessary issue to increase the scale of international cooperation and assistance regarding the transfer of green technologies, capital to enable the pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy, the realization of sustainable development goals, the implementation of investments enabling the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, etc. Rich countries (mainly of the north, temperate climate zone), characterized by a high level of economic development, high incomes, high levels of productivity and equipment of production processes with modern technologies should help poor countries (of the south and the tropical, subtropical climate zone) to a greater extent, to reduce the scale of disparities, differentiation in the issue of sustainable development, activities and investments implemented to carry out pro-climate transformation of the economy and reduce the scale of the negative impact on the economy, agriculture and people of the progressive process of global warming and reduce the scale of the operation of the negative effects of this process. This is a key issue of international cooperation for the implementation of the concept of sustainable economic development, taking into account environmental, climate and energy policies on an international scale. The problem of global warming is a global problem and should be solved on a global scale through the development of international cooperation. This is part of the developing pro-climate and pro-environmental globalization.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What forms of external financing for pro-climate and pro-environmental green finance business ventures are dominant now and will be in the future?
What forms of external financing of pro-climate and pro-environmental economic ventures within the framework of green finance currently dominate internationally?
What are the international forms of external financing of green economic transformation?
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this issue?
Please answer,
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Green external financing can be direct or indirect: Direct is a connection between two parties between borrowers and lenders without the intervention of a financial intermediary in exchange for credit risk guarantees, and the loan is in the form of financial instruments or direct securities such as green shares and bonds. And indirect green external financing is done through a financial intermediary such as commercial banks, insurance companies, savings and loan associations to finance green projects
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" """ What are the key issues under discussion?
Since 2015, under the legally-binding Paris Agreement treaty, almost all countries in the world have committed to:
  • Keep the rise in global average temperature to ‘well below’ 2°C, and ideally 1.5°C, above pre-industrial levels.
  • Strengthen the ability to adapt to climate change and build resilience.
  • Align finance flows with ‘a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development’.
The Paris Agreement has a ‘bottom-up’ approach where individual countries decide what action they will take.
" """
And this means that something very important to the climate change issue/environmental sustainability is missing since 2015 Paris agreement; and actually missing since 2012 Rio +20 decision of green market paradigm shift avoidance, and something which it is still missing in COP27.
Which raises the question, what is the COP process NOT about, including COP27?
Any ideas of something very important missing that the IPCC seems to leave out all the time when calling for action?
What do you think?
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Robert, since you do not see any problem with anthroprocentric pollution affecting climate change, then even if you want you can not see what those WHO see a problem with emmisions are missing.
Thank you for taking the time to comment anyway!
Lucio
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Both climate change adaptation and resilience models and frameworks are in practice. I would like to know what are the similarities and differences between these two frameworks in terms of theory and practice. More specifically, would like to know empirical evidence on what are the effectiveness and added values of each framework in programming.
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Hi Marzieh,
Saeid Charani Shandiz and Behzad Rismanchi have investigated in this field. It will be good if you contact them.
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i want to see long-term impacts of no-tillage on soil organic carbon and crop yield.
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Grand father of no till and tillage comparison are Ohio State University and Uruguay long term trials.
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please Share some interesting ideas and topics relating climate change, Ecological restoration and land use land cover change if possible .
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My 2002 proposal at https://www.ecoseeds.com/cool.html about taking care of Global Warming by replanting desert areas to increase rainfall, was adopted by the Saudi Government in August, 2010, and 200 million acres were set aside as Ecological Restoration Preserves. Story at https://www.ecoseeds.com/Saudi-note-final.pdf
Last year the "Saudi Green Initiative" got started to begin the planting of 10 billion trees, and today that Initiative was broadened and renamed at COP27 as the "Middle East Green Initiative".
Joining this morning and speaking at the opening session were Kuwait, China, India, Pakistan, Sudan, Morocco, etc.
Since you are in Pakistan, and your country has joined, maybe there could be some work to replant the Thal desert.
By putting a native cover back on the land and selling the carbon credits produced by the plants sequestering soil carbon, could allow the oil companies to sell Carbon Neutral oil, could make the people grazing that marginal area 10-20X their annual income per hectare.
That is what Occidental Petroleum did last year, they sold two million barrels of Carbon Neutral oil to India, after they bought carbon offsets to cancel out the carbon in the soil.
The opening of the Middle East Green Initiative today, used a similar set of two pictures from Saudi Arabia, as I have posted here from Oman. Have vegetation and you have rainfall. Little or no vegetation and little or no rainfall.
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Hello, I want a weather generator that produces future climate data from 2022 to 2100, except (SDSM , LARS- WG) weather generator because they produce forecasts up to 2055 and I need to 2100, Can anyone recommend one to me?
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You can use CMIP6 model data. The historical data in CMIP6 is from 1850 to 2014, while the future model experiments are from 2015 to 2100.
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Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not taken advantage of?
During the 1st wave of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in March 2020, the stock markets crashed. Energy and industrial commodities fell sharply on the commodity exchanges. A stock market crash also occurred on the stock markets. The main factor in the panic on the capital markets was the declaration of a global coronavirus epidemic, or pandemic state, by the World Health Organisation on 8 March 2020. This new term 'pandemic' itself created fear and uncertainty in the context of financial markets and economic processes. During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, there were also disruptions to international supply and supply logistics chains, government imposed quarantines and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy which increased the scale of the 2020 recession. As a result of these mainly interventionist actions by central institutions, a deep economic crisis emerged in 2020, the economy declined in many sectors of the economy, and economic process activity declined. The result of the decline in economic activity was a decrease in demand for raw materials, including energy raw materials. Due to the increase in remote working by employees of many companies from home, the use of cars, especially combustion cars, decreased. As a result, air quality and the state of the environment noticeably improved in 2020. In addition, opportunities have arisen to accelerate pro-climate transformation processes in the economy. Unfortunately, in many countries these opportunities have not been seized. For example, in the country where I operate during the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19), the government used printed money to provide financial public assistance to companies and enterprises operating in a wide variety of industries and sectors, not just those in lockdowns, on a historically record scale. Many companies and enterprises that were in good financial standing also benefited from these programmes of non-refundable financial subsidies, employee wage subsidies, tax relief, deferrals of contributions to the social security system and so on. The scale of the granted non-refundable public aid realised on the basis of printed money introduced extra-budgetarily by government funds created especially for this purpose was so large that inflation began to rise in Poland almost from the beginning of 2021. Citizens invested the extra, free money in shares and flats, which caused an increase in the prices of these assets. On the other hand, opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy were missed by the government. Subsidies for the development of renewable energy sources were not increased and were even reduced on some issues. Since April 2022, the government has reduced subsidies and worsened the economic conditions for the installation of photovoltaic panels by citizens on the roofs of their houses. There is a lack of subsidies for insulating the facades of buildings and single-family houses, installing photovoltaics, installing heat pumps and other renewable energy solutions. Poland has still not met the European Union guidelines for receiving EU subsidies to finance projects that could be implemented under the National Reconstruction Programme. As a result, the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources has slowed down instead of accelerating as it could have done during the pandemic. Unfortunately, still the process of pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the energy sector is progressing much slower than it could if the issue of green transformation of the economy was not ignored in the political and business spheres in Poland. The result of these omissions, neglect and ignorance is the current low level of energy independence and security in Poland in the context of the currently developing energy crisis. The result of this neglect is also the poor air quality in Poland. Poland has one of the worst air quality in the world. Poland is one of the 3 countries in Europe with the highest mortality rate caused by poor air quality polluted with various toxins resulting mainly from the dominant dirty energy industry based on burning fossil fuels. In addition, even more negative consequences of these omissions, negligence and ignorance appear in the future, when the process of global warming will significantly accelerate in the next decades and lead to a worsening of the climate crisis and to a climate catastrophe, which may already occur at the end of this 21st century.
The potential for accelerating the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy that occurred during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic was described in my publications, which I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal after publication:
What does it look like in your country?
Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not used?
Please respond,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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В России очень похожая ситуация на ту, что Вы описали применительно к Польше. Улучшение состояния воздуха было временным и только в период локдауна. Интересно, как обстоят дела в Китае.