Climate Change - Science topic
Climate Change is an any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Questions related to Climate Change
Dear Fellow Researchers and Experts ..please do enlighten me regarding Scale of measurement for UHI Effect.
Some important Social Issuues are: 1. Unemployment, Poverty and Homelessness; both are worldwide problems, 2. Climate Change; A warmer, changing climate is a threat to the entire world; 3. Cleanliness; 4. Problem of Education, 5. Overpopulation; 6. Rape of girls/ women; 7. Immigration Stresses; 8.Civil Rights and Racial Discrimination; 9. Gender Inequality; 10 Health Care Availability; 11. Childhood Obesity. 12 Problem of Garbage management 13. Big gap between rich and poor.
I have been working on research and development projects for about 10 years. One of the few constants in the proposal calls is the persistence of donors in having a theory of change from the applicants. However, I do not think the theory of change is a good value for the time of the designers. I wonder how a proposal team can develop a theory that would be valid for 3 years considering climate change and transition in the international power system. Also, I have seen that more than half of the theory of changes I evaluated do not articulate assumptions, more than 90% do not use any risk association.
What do you think?
Can climate change be considered a new national emergency and do it require immediate actions? If it is in conflict with national security concerns, which one should be prioritized, e.g., national business benefits vs climate change commitments OR carbon emissions reduction vs livelihood improvement?
In addition, will requirements on accountability and transparency of militaries' performance on climate affecting national security?
A national emergency is a serious situation that requires immediate action from the nation. The most typical emergency is war and the latest one is COVID-19. (Read more: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/we-are-living-in-a-climate-emergency-and-were-going-to-say-so/
Most of us believe that climate change is there and needs our effective actions. However, every country and region bears different forms and levels of risks and impacts, and therefore reacts variously. Someone hopes to stop using fossil fuels and achieve net-zero emissions right now. Some others prefer incremental and just transitions. How immediate the actions are appropriate?
As researchers, what could be our responses contributing to provide more proper climate choices or actions?
Looking forward to dear folks' responses. All welcome!
Who has done or wants to do research on how technology can scale moral courage--can make it far easier to recruit &commit critical mass numbers of volunteers for nonviolent civil resistance. campaigns? And how can I reach them to invite them to a brainstorm session (maybe several) on what might be the behavioral levers that are most likely to motivate most "concerned" but not activist people to minimize their fears sufficiently and inspire "their better angels" to commit to tactics that history has proven are the most effective for achieving positive system change in the battles against greed, racism, autocracy and ignorance; to be able to recruit the numbers necessary to vastly improve our chances to save what is still savable of Mother Nature and democracy in the little time we have left.' Entre to senior level programmers, or crowdfunding social media mavens would also be especially appreciated, as well as possible research interns. Any location.
What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Global warming has got more and more concerns owing to its various effects for nature, social and human health. Carbon neutrality has been recognized an ambitious aims for whole world. However, there are many questions needs scientists to give the answer. for example, what kind of practice is suitable for different countries? Is it possible to curb the climate changes? Is it a political thing or scientific-based solution? what can we do from our daily life, social activities to governmental policy. We have only one-earth, and in-deep discussion will put forward the idea to action. Welcome discussion on these.
Green cover is reducing all over the world and temperature is increasing concurrently as well.There are so many factors are responsibe for the rise of temperature & Humidity), but what's the effect of tree/forest cover reduction on it?
- Is there any direct relationship between tree/forest cover reduction on temperature and humidity? (i suppose yes, there is)
- How to calculate the effect of tree on temperature and humidity?
NB: Article reference would be appriciated
I am aware of Bio-Oracle where climate change scenarios can be downloaded. However, due to the comments of a reviewer, I need to use another global circulation model. I was wondering if someone knows where to download another database for the RCP scenarios. It would be very helpful for our work.
Earth's atmospheric temperature is increasing faster than climate change models predict. Heat from anthropogenic friction may explain this observation. Conservation of energy dictates that energy used to propel and stop vehicles eventually becomes heat. This previously unacknowledged heat emanates in part from vehicular boundary layer aerodynamics and braking systems. The number of aircraft and ground-based vehicles in use suggests anthropogenic frictional heat may be a significant contributor to global warming. These observations support much wider use of regenerative braking systems.
I am wondering if there exists any good paper that has analyzed the relations between climate change and the standard of life before the Industrial Revolution. As we know the real wage rates for British building workers since 1200, I am particularly interested if we can detect any correlation between temperature in England and the real wage before 1750 or before 1850 before England shows a sharp growth in real wage rates.
In the coming decade, Africa will be met with an avalanche of challenges. The consequences of not taking the required steps to avert the coming climate crisis and for not capitalizing on the 4th industrial revolution. These two pose the greatest threat to the welfare and lives of the average African. However, they also present an unlikely opportunity for Africa to shock the world. An opportunity that must not be missed.
If Africans (not necessarily African governments but Africans themselves) can in joint action, create an unprecedented transformation of the African society between now and the end of the present decade (just in time for the climate crisis and the wave of the 4th Industrial revolution), I.e. If Africans can create a new African society capable of averting the impending climate crisis, then Africa can and will capitalize on the 4th industrial revolution.
Subsequently once this happens, Africa will be placed on an unstoppable path of drastic developments in areas such as, infrastructure, agriculture, commerce, media, science and technology etc. In easier terms - A golden age..
I am looking for an answer to the question related to data for future climate change. On several forums I found that tmp and pcp data should be used for climate change. I wonder if you can also use slr, hmd and wnd data?
Thanks and regards
Why “roadblocks are often been overlooked by forecasters” before moving to the “prediction system (PS)”? Can it (PS) be considered a sustainable in the long term?
Now a days most of the forecasting agencies in India are busy in giving seasonal weather forecast (regional) including extremes and making it instantly available on the net. Many are in race of launching new portal to do so without comprehension of the predictability charade. Mostly been done using numerical modelling systems without exploring (disclosing) the some main factor which are essentially are the roadblocks in predictability.
I think, correcting spatial bias via embedded station data network should not only be the focus, though it will be a help but not sustainable solution. Why main problem lies been often overlooked before moving to PS? For example- intraseasonal variability (main roadblock to the predictability) is not well resolved in GFS forecasting model (or alike other models) and these oftenly used by the forecaster as an input data to their chosen prediction model. My question is, if unresolved or inadequate in specific sense (exam.- not having tendency to reproduce intraseasonal signals) inputs goes into the main predictive model then how sustainable will be the forecast in the long run. I feel, to do any less may result in prediction unsustainable. Surely, it may results in few right prediction and leads to self-acclaimed commendations but in longer run chances of failure in prediction will be higher. In terse, these prediction will have no substantial value in the long term.
For example – in a year when these charade processes will be predominant, forecast will be failure and it leads to socio-economic loss and setback to forecasting organizations. In general it will then, as usual, follow with post-mortem which will again highlights the need in the improvement of microphysics, intraseasonal signals variability, lead lag relationship, issues associated to AWS, standards rules or norms, installations, implementations policies, and money etc. aspects and in some cases probably leads to blame game to defend the failure. Remember, these reasoning to defend the prediction sometimes makes other agency competitive and robust. Healthy criticism can substitute constructiveness. I think, scientific failure must be constructively accepted to explore afresh scientific causes behind instead politicization.
If such things continue then it will be followed with actions such as --- Despondent with exiting forecast, Govt. decided to search for new options, leaving or updating the existing.
I think, Obliviousness should not a substitute for decisive forecasting. Forecasters must ensure that all roadblock are properly addressed or informed properly to tackle forecasting related failures and contingency. The truth must not left to postmortem and implications of the words.
Vaid, B. H.
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Global warming?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Global warming.
I invite you to the discussion
We are going to research climate change in a large scale area (Iran). We can minimize the size of calculations and the volume of data (Precipitation, Minimum temperature, and Maximum temperature) to download by using monthly data instead of daily. So I want to know, is it scientifically ok if we use monthly data for bias correction and downscaling?
Is there a specific hydrological model for simulation sub-catchment area that are including RWH structures in arid regions and how will adapt or deal with the changes of climate (local CC) ?. In other words I need to assess RWH structure for different climate change scenarios.
I have the time series described below:
1) Observed monthly cumulative precipitation data (mm) - attached (data.xlsx)
2) Historical monthly cumulative precipitation data (mm) produced by the MIROC model for the nearest node to the physical station (Observed data coordinate) - attached (data.xlsx)
I couldn't find a regression or relation between them. I tried ANN and Data analysis tools and some statistical methods.
Could you please let me know how to find a relation between these time series?
Who can give me up-to-date source references on non-European legal philosophical discussions, dealing with anthropogenic climate change (e.g. references to conference proceedings or similar)?
We are conducting a respirometer trial with salmonids and want to access SDA variables in relation to temperature. We are wondering, if we can measure the Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) and the SDAcoefficient at the same time? We believe, measuring the MMR would add oxygen consumption, that is not directly related to SDA, but we would love to have the MMR as a measurement of potential growth. Is there a way, to measure both (e.g. by Q10 values, SDA values)?
Climate change, i.e. the ongoing global warmin process, causes the drainage of many areas of the tropical and subtropical zones, and therefore freshwater resources are falling. This will probably be one of the most serious effects and problems of the global warming process that is progressing faster and faster. The issue of falling freshwater resources is one of the most serious problems and challenges for humanity in the 21st century. It is also a problem for biological ecosystems that undergo drying and, therefore, biodiversity, including biodiversity of flora and fauna on Earth, is also diminishing.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
What is the impact of the global warming process on freshwater resources and the issue of biodiversity on Earth?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Groundwater is a vital resource for sustaining life. In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in the use of groundwater whether it is for human consumption or for industrial, irrigation ... so how can we protect these resources? how we can detect and delineate aquifer recharge zones?. Is there a relationship between overexploitation of groundwater and water quality?.
Hi RG colleagues,
Is anyone familiar with a good climate-related vulnerability scale? I have not landed on a valid climate-related psychological vulnerability scale so far. Now I am wondering if someone can make a recommendation. Please advise if adapting The Psychological Vulnerability Scale would be a good idea? The psychological vulnerability scale is a 6 items scale (PVS; Sinclair & Wallston, 1999). I have used it in the past with high reliability in the covid related PVS.
Surface water level in wetlands varies in different seasons and will there be merits? Will it help in creating awareness on climate change? Please share your comments and suggestions. Thank you
Can someone recommend a model (preferably not too input demanding) that simulates climate change and/or land use-change scenario using Ecosystem services as output (e.g., soil c stock, primary production, landscape aesthetic value, ...)
Traditional varieties are doing extinct day by day in the race of high yielding varieties. Many indigenous varieties were cultivated past 20 – 50 years. How will allow again the traditional varieties in the situation of climate change? Human diet diversity was played pivotal role during forefather’s life or before 50 years past. Would it be right to say that the native varieties helped to increase immunity? In todays’ situation every person is ready to do something to increase immunity. If today we had food made with native varieties in our plate, then we would not have to run for immunity?
#Climate Change #Food diversity #Immunity #Traditional Varieties
Humanity has reportedly only had a decade of time for the necessary changes in the energy sector to avoid a global climatic catastrophe
Much has to change in consumer awareness, business must change and different social groups should force policies and change legal regulations. It is necessary to develop co-financing of investment projects in the field of renewable energy sources by the state from public funds. In addition, businesses must see this business. The development of renewable energy sources should be profitable, and it is not because it is cheaper to mine minerals, to devastate the natural environment. It is cheap to run classic energy based on mineral combustion because this classic energy and mining industry of hard and brown coal, oil refinery industry, automotive industry of vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines etc. is not burdened with the costs of natural environment devastation, costs of treatment of people who suffer from due to poor air, smog and no negative effects of global warming. If the mining, energy, processing and automotive industries were burdened with these costs, then it would not be worthwhile to devastate and pollute the natural environment. Then it would be more profitable to develop energy and industry based on renewable energy sources. Inventions of electricity have over 100 years of history. 100 years ago, electric cars should be produced, but the oil business this scenario of more sustainable development has crossed out. Therefore, for over 100 years, archaic energy based on the burning of minerals has been developed. During these 100 years, the average temperature of the Earth's surface has increased by 1 degree ° C. From specific scientific studies, it appears that humanity is only 12 years left to make the necessary changes, to switch energy and industry to renewable energy sources and the automotive industry to electromobility, to reduce poor quality of stoves and domestic ovens, on the development of large and small, home solar, wind and other power plants. At the same time, investment projects in renewable energy sources should be widely developed and entire economies should switch to sustainable pro-ecological development according to the concept of a green, new economy. If during this time these changes are not implemented then the average temperature of the Earth until 2030 will increase by another min. 1 degree ° C and then in the following years the greenhouse effect will accelerate and the problem of global warming will become an irreversible process, which will mean the widespread apocalyptic climate disasters covering most of the Earth's surface before the end of the 21st century.
In view of the above, the current question is: Can we still avoid a global climatic catastrophe and what should be done to avoid it?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
- Does normative legal philosophy also have a potential critical function vis-à-vis existing, empirically provable injustice where the injustice is not so much promoted or brought about by discriminatory laws, incorrect court rulings or actions contrary to human rights in the sense of an ideology, but rather by legislative and political laissez-faire or even omission (cf. e.g. mediterranean migrant crisis, anthropogenic climate change or pandemics)? From my point of view, this should be the case (but where is it explicitly stated and conceptually discussed?).
- Which concepts from the field of normative legal philosophy/ legal ethics could be used to transparently and rationally criticise such state and supranational omissions from a normative perspective? Should new concepts of legal ethics be developed, can existing concepts be adapted? Who are the primary addressees? From my point of view, the minimum connection between law, serving as the basis of state action, and justice, which can be assessed against Radbruch's formula, enables a normative evaluation of state and supranational omissions, but also provides the contours for corresponding (political) duties to act.
What is your opinion regarding these issues?
Some legal philosophical approaches to these questions can be found in my paper "Extreme Wrong Committed by National and Supranational Inactivity: Analyzing the Mediterranean Migrant Crisis and Climate Change from a Legal Philosophical Perspective", Göttingen 2021.
I Will be more than happy if somebody help me in this case. Does it has an specific function in R? or we should utilize quantile -copula methods...? or other???
Methane production from a CBM Reservoir:
In the absence of a conventional gas trap, what kind of hydrological conditions associated with a coal-bed may not allow an efficient de-watering process?
Since the production of coal bed methane gas significantly mitigates the emissions of green-house gases from mines; and with roughly 2000 TCF availability of methane gas all over the globe, shouldn’t the extraction of methane from a CBM Reservoir be encouraged - as the stored methane gas can also be released to the atmosphere resulting from the dropping of water table - resulting from climatic changes as well?
To what extent, the presence of ethane (Saprolelic source); and CO2 (Humic source) will hamper the generation; and in turn, the production of methane gas from a CBM Reservoir (particularly between 50 and 200 degrees Celcius during generation)?
Since the measurement of down-hole gas-phase flow velocity remains extremely difficult, to what extent, the real time detection of down-hole operating parameters (down-hole pressure, temperature and wellhead flow data) and its associated dynamic water level measurements will actually aid to estimate the total gas output from a single-well? Will it also help to precisely predict the specific gas output from a particular coal-bed (and in turn, to estimate the total gas output from all the related coal-beds) – over a particular period of time?
Citing Surendra Adhikari at NASA, I would like to ask how it is possible to claim that the North Pole drift is caused by climate change:
"Climate change does not only cause the rise of the oceans, it also disturbs the magnetic field of the Earth. "There has been a dramatic change in the direction of pole drift, undoubtedly caused by climate change, which is linked to the disappearance of the ice sheets, especially in Greenland," said Surendra Adhikari, researcher at the NASA. The North Pole has lost 278 gigatonnes of ice since the beginning of the third millennium. As a result, the magnetic north pole moves eastward, and faster than before. The melting of ice would account for 66% in the acceleration of the phenomenon."
The magnetic pole drift is caused by the magnetic field strength of the North American flux lobe and the Siberian flux lobe (Ref: 1, 2, Figure 1). This is also based on a comparison with the magnetic South Pole in Antarctica, which is immobile and entirely surrounded by ocean, while the magnetic North Pole is driven by continental mineral density of the two major continents forming large magnetic fields. These mineral densities of the Siberian and Canadian regions are fluctuating with the activity of the internal core and the rotation of the iron core of the earth, seismic activity and change in mineral composition of the mantel over several years. The geomagnetic properties of these region can change drastically by the alterations of the electromagnetic field of the planet Earth, which is also affected by the electromagnetic field of the Sun. How can NASA claim that the North pole ice, which is virtually the same as water around Antarctica in magnitude of electromagnetic strength, alter the position of the magnetic North Pole?
1. Gubbins, David, and Peter Kelly. "Persistent patterns in the geomagnetic field over the past 2.5 Myr." Nature 365.6449 (1993): 829.
2. St-Onge, Guillaume, and Joseph S. Stoner. "Paleomagnetism near the north magnetic pole: a unique vantage point for understanding the dynamics of the geomagnetic field and its secular variations." Oceanography 24.3 (2011): 42-50.
I am doing a case study/ analysis of a permaculture site to prove its effectiveness in climate resilience and sustainability on a remote island as an example of what can be replicated on other remote islands that are vulnerable to the same climatic risks/ disasters. I have been reviewing papers on climate risks, permaculture and sustainability specific to islands. Because permaculture is not well practiced on this island and also because of covid i will refrain from interviewing local farmers and focus all my attention on the actual permaculture site and its merits and shortfalls and offer suggestions for further studies. Would i offer possible solutions to potential pitfalls based on what has been documented? My focus is permaculture as a solution to climate resilience.
The political handling of numerous issues and challenges of our time (for example, with regard to anthropogenic climate change or the pandemic) gives the impression that too few consultative formats are used that are geared towards interdisciplinary exchange from the outset and, in addition to scientific analyses and recommendations, also articulate ethical, social or economic consequences, among other things, which could be included in joint consideration processes. Against this background, do we need more interdisciplinary elements in university education? And how can interdisciplinarity be structurally anchored within curricula?
Thank you in advance for all contributions!
In many climate studies the reference period was 1961-1990 and the first predicted 30-year period was 1991-2020. Since there are now the observations for the period 1991-2020 I was wandering if there are already some validations of climate predictions with the observed values, to see what climate trend was realized?
1. Which software is comparatively easier to learn in order to analyze the available satellite data for air pollutants such as tropospheric ozone, PM10, NO2 etc.
2. Please recommend a guide to follow as well, if possible.
3. Approximately, how much time will it take to analyze data spanning 6 months?
I usually download future climate data from Worldclim.org.
Their website says that "Data at 30-seconds spatial resolution is expected to be available by the end of March 2020", however, this has not materialized . . . https://www.worldclim.org/data/cmip6/cmip6climate.html
Does anyone know of alternative sources to download future data at this (1km) resolution?
Obviously this is an open ended question, but I am curious if there are any research teams that have attempted to (predictive) model this at a regional scale. The benefits to soil health are known (carbon sequester benefits, etc.), but how effective can it be in mitigating climate change?
Even here in Canada they are saying that climate action is a science based action as a promoting slogan for change, but if science based climate action is implemented through non-science based markets is not that a problem?. UNCSD 2012 / Rio +20 in the Future We Want formalized a paradigm shift from the traditional market to green markets/green growth/green economy but instead of moving towards creating green markets by internalizing the environmental externality in the price mechanism of the traditional market to shift to green markets they are fast moving into creating carbon pricing based markets to continue treating environmental issues as they were in the traditional market still as externalities….
Carbon pricing based markets are dwarf green markets as they do not reflect perfect green market theory and they are unconnected to the green market price….Does not a science based climate action requires a science based market?. If yes, carbon pricing is not the way to go as they are not green markets and we are supposed to have shifted towards green markets in 2012, why are we going that way? Does the shift to green markets in 2012 made the scientific method and perfect green market theory irrelevant?
They shifted to green markets in 2012 and they did not have a theory of the perfect green market to guide them.
They have gone the route of environmental externality management instead of environmental cost internalization as required by perfect green market theory without having a theory or a plan linking environmental externality management to the road to green markets.
In other words, environmental externality management based markets are not linked to green markets or green market pricing; and therefore they still operate under an envirornmental sustainability gap..
Is environmental externality management a short term cash cow and a long-term environmental nightmare in the making for governments and the world? I think yes, what do you think?
According to a theoretical Greenhouse Gas Effect of 0 with 0ppm CO-equivalents the global temperature were 0°F or -18°C.
Due to the fact, all natural systems tend to show a maximum threshold value instead of infinite growth I wonder if there is a value of CO-equivalents that causes the maximum Greenhouse Gas Effect related to the current Energy output of the sun.
If there is an investigation or estimation on this value, how high is it and how high is the resulting rise in temperature?
Assuming a theoretical scenario with:
Energy Output of Sun = constant
Circulation System of Earth = constant
time = infinite
CO-equivalents = infinite
Which category of particulate matter is most harmful to human health ?
How does air polluted with particulate matter affect human beings ?
Marine debris such as fishing nets and other man-made debris affects many species and has been shown to cover large areas. But, as you believe this waste affects the biodiversity of the deep. Is it less important that it affects the depths than the surface?
Global temperature has been increasing , and many people consider it as a major threat to life on the Earth. This has long been described as 'global warming'. Arguments are emerging to call 'global heating'. Which one is technically correct to describe the rising in temperatures due to climate change? Global warming or global heating?
Since climate change has become more common day by day, how it affects different communities differently.
What and how community-led intersectional adaption should be?
How can local traditional knowledge and practice be considered a scientific solution in our (academic researcher) climate change research?
What is the future of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement? Since we, as humanity, are struggling to reduce significantly the emission gap, how the future of interstate climate change negotiations looks like?
I hope you have a good time.
I work on a research project about temperature indices. Due to the high number of indices, I only work on tables and maps on an annual time scale. In other words, I do most of my analysis for the annual time scale. Now I want to draw a box plot for studied indices. It should be noted that I have access to daily data. Do you think, for example, I should plot the average air temperature box plot using daily data or annual data?
Also in the case of precipitation, is the box plot better drawn from daily data or annual data?
I am waiting for your answer. Also, it would be great if you could introduce some reference.
Thanks in advance for your answer.
Dear RG memebers
Is the effect of climate change on groundwater visible and can it be quantified?
It seems that the effect of human activity ( deforestation, overexploitation of groundwater, irrigational activity, etc ) ate easly observable and can be quantified than the effect of climate change on groundwater. What is your idea and research experiances on it?
•The first 7 SDGs is an extension of MDGs
•Second group is inclusiveness (jobs, infrastructure industrialization, and distribution).It includes goals 8, 9, and 10
•The third group is on sustainability and urbanization that covers the last seven goals
Dear All, Do you think that we should consider the biotic stress tolerance when selecting climate-resilient crop varieties? As per the definition given by Climate Essentials (2019), climate resilience means the ability to prepare for, recover from and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Climate-resilient crops provide means of adapting diminishing crop yields in the face of droughts, higher average temperatures and other climatic conditions associated with climate change which mainly cover the abiotic stress factors, but not biotic stress factors. Your constructive criticism is highly appreciated. Thank you.
There are a few papers dealing with the effects of climate change on the pollination of European orchids, but I wonder if similar studies have been carried out in the Tropics.
Due to Global warming the earth temperature increases (https://climate.nasa.gov/effects/), which generates floods, storms, and tornadoes because of melting of ice glacier, in response it caused increase in the sea level up to 3mm/year, now if the sea level is increased and already the temperature is high, which will cause fast cycle of vapor formation having comparatively high temperature, these vapors will go up and will cause rain again, so as, rain reduce the earth temperature as we feel normally, and this phenomena will occur in a cycle. Then why we are concerned about global warming causes, also if there will be rains and floods and sea level is going up throughout, then how the literature says that cause of global warming water shed is going down and down and rivers lacks etc are getting dry day by day?
Just one reason I know, we have to control GW to stop those acid rains its true rain reduce temperature but acid rains has multiple negative impacts....
Your Thoughts Please!
I am applying interpolation by kriging method using GIS and interpolation did not cover the whole of area under consideration.
How to do this? Please guide me.
Amid a dangerous escalating amount of extreme weather - bushfires, the destruction of the Great Barrier Reef and alarming amount of animal extinctions, the Liberal party continues to do nothing. How we make our Government act?
- How likely are we to see the infectious disease spread as a result of climate change?
- How are the communities most at-risk, and how and why both COVID-19 and climate change harms them?
- Why is it so important for health professionals to talk about climate change now?
- Do we need to rethink/deconstruct public and media those who are largely treated as separate issues?
Do we have any empirical model to model the combined effect of carbonation and chloride attack in concrete concerning time-dependent temperature, relative humidity and concentration of carbon dioxide?
The climate change has different aspect, some country became hotter in summer, while other country, be cool, some increased in precipitations , others become more drought (arid) .
Over the years, there have been improvements in technology which in turn had direct/indirect effects on the climate. We can't say that technological advancement should cease nor allow some disruptive process should continue.
Equilibrium must be achieved while the means of carrying out our day-to-day activities keep on improving.
Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
Water as a resource is most intensely contested natural resource in the world. We need water to meet all the social, economical and environmental activities/ objectives of a country.
Question: How could we save and enhance our precious water resources?
The Tigris - Euphrates water conflict is frozen conflict between three riparians (Iraq, Syria and Turkey). The conflict came up because of upstream water projects by Turkey and therefore the restriction of water access to individuals of downstream failed states (Iraq and Syria). There are two principles are conflicting: Territorial sovereignty of Turkey and human right to water of individuals (This is issue of global justice and not international justice due to failed states). My question is: whom belongs water and how property (connected with territory) theory of Locke can be connected to the sovereignty principle of Turkey?
Thank you beforehand
COVID-19 exposed many divisions among countries and prevented the formation of a united front to combat this pandemic. Even the very closely networked blocs such as ASEAN and EU failed to coordinate their efforts to combat COVID-19 because of national interest. Undermining the world organizations such as WHO, ICOJ, and the United nation various agencies are not painting a very good picture of what to come in the future. Can globalization survive?
We are looking a SSCI journal that do not need processing and publication charge to publish a a case study on perception , community vulnerability and adaptation measures to climate change. Your suggestions would be appreciated.
I would like to promote a discuss if the recent global climate changes can influences microsporogenesis, microgamatogenesis, megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis. I was wondering, based on the million years of terrestrial plant existence, if the plants can adapt the sporogenesis and gametogenesis for the possible changes in climate. Also, what is you thought about the possible plasticity in crop plants?
Just as food for thoughts, what type of macroeconomy the integrating of innovation and climate with economic growth leads to?.: To the same traditional macroeconomy or to a dwarf traditional macroeconomy or to a green macroeconomy or to a dwarf green macroecomy. What do you think?
The Capparis scabrida species, Family of the (Capparaceae), is known as dog sapote, it is one of the species with the greatest adaptability to desert ecosystems, it belongs to the flora of the dry forests of Northern Peru, and Central and South from Ecuador, between 0-2,500 m of altitude. It is a species that never loses its leaves, always turn green during its life cycle and it does not have seasonal precipitation, it has to wait for the rain every year. My question is why it forms many rings of growth if it does not present seasonal precipitation and never loses its leaves. That is an image of a cross section so you can see the great presence of growth rings, It was collected in the South Region of Ecuador (Loja-Catamayo,Ecuador 2020).
I artifically elevated the air temperature in the heated plot by 3-celsius degree compared to that in the control for 7 days.
I want to figure out the effect of the temperature manipulation on soil temperature.
The datalogger collected the soil temperature every 30 minutes.
In that situation, can I calculate daily mean soil temperature using 30 minute-unit data to go ANOVA?
Additionally, can I treated the respective days as repeated factors for repeated measures ANOVA?
I am doing lesson plans and am looking for examples of environmental claims that do not stand up to close scrutiny.
There are more than enough examples of this related to climate change...so no climate change discussion needed, thank you though.
The idea is that I will give my class a faulty environmental claim and they have to find the weakness in the claim as a homework assignment.
For example, here is claim that does not stand up:
"The lead dust found in the soil of Gotham City can get into the groundwater and pose a human health risk through drinking water."
What is wrong with this claim? The lead dust is most certainly harmful and may have leached into the ground-water, but five minutes on the city water department web page will show that the drinking water comes from a reservoir miles away. So the route of exposure is the reason this claim is faulty, and if we want to protect people, we need to worry about airborne dust and skin contact with soil.
In another case, I encountered a claim from a chapter of the REDACTED ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION that Carbon Dioxide is linked to asthma.
Carbon dioxide is of course linked to climate change and in confined spaces can be deadly. But the claim is faulty because asthma is linked to nitrous oxides, ozone, and particulates.
Do you have any other examples?
Please let me know
I am thinking of working on a research topic relating to ESG Investment and Climate change reality. I am no expert in research for now and Its been quite confusing how to capture Climate change and ESG with this regards to show the relationship between E Investments and Reduction in climate change. So far, with my little research done, to capture climate change, one could use "rising sea levels" or "average temperature overtime" but is that really sufficient? Plus what would you suggest I use to capture ESG Investing (Be it Global or Regional).
Looking forward to reading responses :).
In very recent years there has been a heightened public concern and awareness about climate change and sustainability. When we talk about sustainability, is it clear that we are all talking about the sustainability of populations of other species and their habitats, and the activities of humans to have an impact on those species and habitats?
Any paper about the relation between butterfly lifecycle and temperature will be very helpful, please let me know
I am looking to collaborate with any researcher(s) that is/are interested in applying the principles of cellular automaton to climate change research. Kindly reach out to me by commenting, sending a private message or an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Please share this with your colleagues so it can be widely read. Thanks
Global warming is being addressed through a sustainable development lense formally since 2012 Rio +20; and therefore, it is being addressed outside sustainabiltiy rules.
And this raises the question, is not global warming a sustainability isssue? I think it is a sustainabiltiy issue. What do you think?
I am currently a guest editor for the special issue "Mediterranean Olive Trees and Olive Oil under Climate Change", which will be published by the journal Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395, 2019 JCR impact factor = 2.259, Quartile 1).
The deadline is June 2021. Please feel free to contact me if you are interested and also feel free to disseminate this message in your groups.
A study by researchers at Imperial College London, published in the magazine “One Earth”, highlights the need to deepen knowledge about how global warming affects polar ice sheets, in order to be able to estimate sea level rise in this century and believe that current knowledge about the behavior of ice sheets suggests that sea level rise may be greater than the "probable range" predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2100.
The greenhouse effect is gradually progressing on Earth. Consequently, the risk of new climate disasters increases every year.
Currently, technologies are being developed with the help of which space ships will be built to enable a manned space mission to Mars.
In the 21st century, will man be able to overcome greater distances and get to know some other planets of our solar system?
Is it possible to develop on Earth a technology that a man can leave the solar system and, for example, one day he can reach the nearest Alpha Centauri constellation?
In connection with the above, the question arises: Will man manage to create technologies thanks to which he will leave the planet Earth, the Solar System and reach other planetary systems?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much