Science topic

Climate Change - Science topic

Climate Change is an any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
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Dear RG memebers
Is the effect of climate change on groundwater visible and can it be quantified?
It seems that the effect of human activity ( deforestation, overexploitation of groundwater, irrigational activity, etc ) ate easly observable and can be quantified than the effect of climate change on groundwater. What is your idea and research experiances on it?
Thanks
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Since groundwater is recharged from rainfall, this means that anything that affects rainfall will affect groundwater. So there will be more drying of shallow wells as opposed to deep wells.
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Hello,
I hope you have a good time.
I work on a research project about temperature indices. Due to the high number of indices, I only work on tables and maps on an annual time scale. In other words, I do most of my analysis for the annual time scale. Now I want to draw a box plot for studied indices. It should be noted that I have access to daily data. Do you think, for example, I should plot the average air temperature box plot using daily data or annual data?
Also in the case of precipitation, is the box plot better drawn from daily data or annual data?
I am waiting for your answer. Also, it would be great if you could introduce some reference.
Thanks in advance for your answer.
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Amin Sadeqi, I think it depends focus of your study. If you are looking for a trend in the short term scale, for example, 5 through 10 years I would suggest daily time scale would be better representation of climate, both for the temperature and precipitation data. But if your objective is to observe the long term climate effect then, annual data with box and whsiker would be okay. All depends on the scale of the analysis. Even bar charts with error lines (max and min from average) would represent annual data if it conveys the message that you would like to make. I hope it helps!
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•The first 7 SDGs is an extension of MDGs
•Second group is inclusiveness (jobs, infrastructure industrialization, and distribution).It includes goals 8, 9, and 10
•The third group is on sustainability and urbanization that covers the last seven goals
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The pandemic has drastically halted progress
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Dear All, Do you think that we should consider the biotic stress tolerance when selecting climate-resilient crop varieties? As per the definition given by Climate Essentials (2019), climate resilience means the ability to prepare for, recover from and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Climate-resilient crops provide means of adapting diminishing crop yields in the face of droughts, higher average temperatures and other climatic conditions associated with climate change which mainly cover the abiotic stress factors, but not biotic stress factors. Your constructive criticism is highly appreciated. Thank you.
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Dear Thushari Wijeratne Climate resilience in general includes tolerance to climate extremities (excess or limited moisture, heat or cold stress, etc). Of course, genetic composition of varieties play an important role in conferring climate resilience. However, because of change in climate factors, the pattern of occurrence of disease and insect pests also changes. Therefore, while breeding for climate resilient varieties, one must also consider biotic stress tolerance. The details of breeding for climate resilient smart pulses can be accessed at the below mentioned link:
Regards!!!
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We are conducting a respirometer trial with salmonids and want to access SDA variables in relation to temperature. We are wondering, if we can measure the Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) and the SDAcoefficient at the same time? We believe, measuring the MMR would add oxygen consumption, that is not directly related to SDA, but we would love to have the MMR as a measurement of potential growth. Is there a way, to measure both (e.g. by Q10 values, SDA values)?
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There are a few papers dealing with the effects of climate change on the pollination of European orchids, but I wonder if similar studies have been carried out in the Tropics.
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Hi Professionals!
Due to Global warming the earth temperature increases (https://climate.nasa.gov/effects/), which generates floods, storms, and tornadoes because of melting of ice glacier, in response it caused increase in the sea level up to 3mm/year, now if the sea level is increased and already the temperature is high, which will cause fast cycle of vapor formation having comparatively high temperature, these vapors will go up and will cause rain again, so as, rain reduce the earth temperature as we feel normally, and this phenomena will occur in a cycle. Then why we are concerned about global warming causes, also if there will be rains and floods and sea level is going up throughout, then how the literature says that cause of global warming water shed is going down and down and rivers lacks etc are getting dry day by day?
Just one reason I know, we have to control GW to stop those acid rains its true rain reduce temperature but acid rains has multiple negative impacts....
Your Thoughts Please!
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Atmospheric circulations and changes in them thereof due to global change, some of the regions get drier and the other regions get wetter despite changes in water sources in the atmosphere. However, the present models/the methods we employ do not permit us to ascertain the atmospheric changes due to global change.
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Dear Researchers,
I am applying interpolation by kriging method using GIS and interpolation did not cover the whole of area under consideration.
How to do this? Please guide me.
Regards
Naveed
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Most of the comments are wrong or incomplete. First of all you need to distinguish between a particular software implementation and the underlying theory. The theory of kriging, i.e. geostatistics is not based on GIS. Nor is an software package implementing kriging limited to or necessarily related to GIS so the original question implies a serious mis-understanding about kriging and GIS
One of the basic assumptions underlying kriging is either second order stationarity or intrinsic stationarity. Unfortunately with only a finite data set it is not possible to test whether either of these assumptions is really valid. There are ways to ascertain whether it is "reasonable" to make one of these assumptions or rather whether there is evidence that both assumptions are unreasonable. e.g if the empirical variogram increases at a quadratic or higher order then intrinsic stationarity is not reasonable.
If having modeled a variogram with a sill and hence at least a practical range then you would want to be cautious about using kriging at a distance greater than the range from all the data locations. Two things will happen; the kriging variance will be much larger and secondly the "kriged" value will be essentially just the arithmetic mean of the data values. A particular software implementation of kriging might then prevent generating kriged values too far away from all data locations.
Software manuals, particularly those for commercial software are likely not sufficient to address questions such as these. Instead one should consult a book on geostatistics, e.g the one by J.- P. Chiles and P. Delfiner (John Wiley & sons)
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Amid a dangerous escalating amount of extreme weather - bushfires, the destruction of the Great Barrier Reef and alarming amount of animal extinctions, the Liberal party continues to do nothing. How we make our Government act?
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Attached is where they took an area of the Sahara desert in Tunisia, kicked out the domesticated animals, and the native grasslands came back on their own in less than 10 years, like magic.
We need to remove the domesticated animals off a lot of the world's arid grasslands, and use those one billion acres for carbon sink--and have the native grasses solving Global Warming problem for us. And the ranchers will benefit, when they go from raising cattle or sheep on these marginal lands, to raising the native grasses for carbon credits instead.
I am speaking as a person who has already restored 800 acres of 8-10 inches of annual rainfall desert-grasslands back to 95% native cover in six months, that you can see at https://www.ecoseeds.com/greatbasin.html
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  • How likely are we to see the infectious disease spread as a result of climate change?
  • How are the communities most at-risk, and how and why both COVID-19 and climate change harms them?
  • Why is it so important for health professionals to talk about climate change now?
  • Do we need to rethink/deconstruct public and media those who are largely treated as separate issues?
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There is no any direct connection between climate change and the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus.
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Do we have any empirical model to model the combined effect of carbonation and chloride attack in concrete concerning time-dependent temperature, relative humidity and concentration of carbon dioxide?
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Dear Murali
Corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete structures is induced by two chemical attacks: chloride attack or carbonation. Carbonation is control by the amount of CO2 in the air and generally happens in an industrial city where there is a lot of industrial activity. Besides, chloride attacks take place in the structure expose to seawater. Models have been developed to predict the depth of carbonation and the chloride ingress. Nevertheless, the recent literature does not mention a model to predict simultaneously the carbonation and chloride attack.
I encourage you to carry out research on this good topic
Regards
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The climate change has different aspect, some country became hotter in summer, while other country, be cool, some increased in precipitations , others become more drought (arid) .
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In general--the spatial variations (say region to region) in the temperature are linked to hydrological cycle. Reminisce here direct and indirect effect of different atmospheric, oceanic and induced parameters or the processes and its interactions play a significant role in their linkages. And thus makes the whole process substantially different in different spatial scale.
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Dear colleagues, Climate change is one of a global catastrophic risks.Therefore, what are the latest solving and treatments to the climate change problem?
Really, your valuable contribution will be appreciated.💯%
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Have a look at this useful RG link.
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Over the years, there have been improvements in technology which in turn had direct/indirect effects on the climate. We can't say that technological advancement should cease nor allow some disruptive process should continue.
Equilibrium must be achieved while the means of carrying out our day-to-day activities keep on improving.
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Mathias Ekpu Thanks sir for the clarification.
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Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
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The prediction depend on the available data,should there be enough data the prediction can be 100%, but in absence of reliable data the predictions are very low say 25%.
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Water as a resource is most intensely contested natural resource in the world. We need water to meet all the social, economical and environmental activities/ objectives of a country.
Question: How could we save and enhance our precious water resources?
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Thank you very much
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The Tigris - Euphrates water conflict is frozen conflict between three riparians (Iraq, Syria and Turkey). The conflict came up because of upstream water projects by Turkey and therefore the restriction of water access to individuals of downstream failed states (Iraq and Syria). There are two principles are conflicting: Territorial sovereignty of Turkey and human right to water of individuals (This is issue of global justice and not international justice due to failed states). My question is: whom belongs water and how property (connected with territory) theory of Locke  can be connected to the sovereignty principle of Turkey?
Thank you beforehand
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My consideration of the question is why would an esoteric philosophical perspective from Locke alter the literally thousands of years of praxis basically based on Roman Water Law ( http://www.fao.org/3/y5692e/y5692e00.htm#Contents ), probably the oldest codification of multi-faceted tensions between common pool resources and private uses. Any 'sovereignty' claim which disregards these well established perspectives might have some temporary benefit but essentially establishes a ticking time bomb for all future transnational relationships, if not laying the track into direct military confrontation.
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COVID-19 exposed many divisions among countries and prevented the formation of a united front to combat this pandemic. Even the very closely networked blocs such as ASEAN and EU failed to coordinate their efforts to combat COVID-19 because of national interest. Undermining the world organizations such as WHO, ICOJ, and the United nation various agencies are not painting a very good picture of what to come in the future. Can globalization survive?
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Due to the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, a lot will change in terms of economic globalization. International, intermodal logistics chains of supply and distribution are shortened.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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We are looking a SSCI journal that do not need processing and publication charge to publish a a case study on perception , community vulnerability and adaptation measures to climate change. Your suggestions would be appreciated.
Thanks.
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I'm afraid things have changed. These journals are charging a lot now so it is hard to find one that is not. If anyone finds a climate journal not charging as of 2021 please list it.
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I would like to promote a discuss if the recent global climate changes can influences microsporogenesis, microgamatogenesis, megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis. I was wondering, based on the million years of terrestrial plant existence, if the plants can adapt the sporogenesis and gametogenesis for the possible changes in climate. Also, what is you thought about the possible plasticity in crop plants?
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@ Joao, plant fertility is highly sensitive to elevated temperatures. Heat stress has pleitropic effects on male sporogenesis. Heat interferes with male meiotic cross-over designation and cell wall formation, providing a mechanistic basis for plant karyotype change and genome evolution under high temperature conditions. The male reproductive system has been repeatedly found to be most susceptible to temperature stress.
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How to the climate change influence upon land and change to desert
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Just as food for thoughts, what type of macroeconomy the integrating of innovation and climate with economic growth leads to?.: To the same traditional macroeconomy or to a dwarf traditional macroeconomy or to a green macroeconomy or to a dwarf green macroecomy. What do you think?
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I appreciate Lucio Muñoz for the valuable topic. Would be interested to know as well.
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Dear all, I search a material and methods, with reference, in order to simulate climate change in the field for agronomy study. Which climatic variables should I change? How? Thanks in advance for you contribute.
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How to simulate climate change in the field?Climate change has a disproportionate impact on the poorest and most vulnerable countries, including
small island developing countries, landlockedn countries, arid and semi-arid
areas, and countries where people depend on natural resources for their lives. The farming, pastoral, fishing and forestry communities that provide food for
most of the planet are the most affected by climate change. Adaptation to climate change for such communities is equivalent food security. If the situation
develops according to the "normal scenario", the number of people suffering from poverty may increase by 2030 in the range of 35 to 122 million people.
Our ability to eradicate hunger by 2030 depends on whether we can ensure that the entire agricultural production chain, food systems, and the communities that depend on them are healthy, productive, stable, and resilient to climate change. In doing so , climate justice must be taken into account, establishing a link between
development and human rights, ensuring a human-centered approach, protecting the rights of the most vulnerable, and sharing the hardships and benefits of climate change and its consequences equally and equitably .
Food security is inextricably linked to achieving the SDGs. The elimination of hunger and malnutrition is the foundation for all other forms of socio-economic
development. If the necessary measures are not taken today, the devastating
impact of climate change on food security and nutrition will continue to undermine our efforts to achieve these goals.
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The Capparis scabrida species, Family of the (Capparaceae), is known as dog sapote, it is one of the species with the greatest adaptability to desert ecosystems, it belongs to the flora of the dry forests of Northern Peru, and Central and South from Ecuador, between 0-2,500 m of altitude. It is a species that never loses its leaves, always turn green during its life cycle and it does not have seasonal precipitation, it has to wait for the rain every year. My question is why it forms many rings of growth if it does not present seasonal precipitation and never loses its leaves. That is an image of a cross section so you can see the great presence of growth rings, It was collected in the South Region of Ecuador (Loja-Catamayo,Ecuador 2020).
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Los anillos son los tejidos vasculares del arbol (xilema y floema) atraves los cuales (xilema) sube el agua desde el terreno hacia las hojas, y el floema que desde las hojas distribuye a todos los organos del arbol la glucosa que es el producto de la fotosintesis. Entonces yo diria que si Capparis scabrida nuca pierde sus hojas la fotosintesis continua y por eso se necesita agua que probablemente se almacena en las raices del arbol para subir a las hojas en un flujo continuo. La misma agua contribuye al desarrollo del tronco y a la formaccion de un nuevo anillo de tejido vascular, por cada temporada.
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I artifically elevated the air temperature in the heated plot by 3-celsius degree compared to that in the control for 7 days.
I want to figure out the effect of the temperature manipulation on soil temperature.
The datalogger collected the soil temperature every 30 minutes.
In that situation, can I calculate daily mean soil temperature using 30 minute-unit data to go ANOVA?
Additionally, can I treated the respective days as repeated factors for repeated measures ANOVA?
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The design is not very clear to me. Did you observe several soil plots? If so, you might perhaps compute the means of 120 collected temperatures per hour for each of the 7 days and then run a repeated measures ANOVA with 2 Within subjects/plots factors :24 Hours and 7 Days). If you do'nt have many plots, maybe you can further reduce the Hours, e.g. from 0 to 6 A.M., from 6 to 12 A.M., from 1 to 6 P.M. and from 6 to 24 P.M.) You could also run 7 one-way repeated measures anovas, but then correct the p-values for multiple tests.
If the distributions of the means is normal (check this with a histogram and Shapiro tes) you can run the parametric repeated measures ANOVA; if not normal, uou can run the non-parametric lf.f2 from the nparLD R package (see attachment and https://rdrr.io/cran/nparLD/man/ld.f2.html ) (The one-way repeated measures nonparametric equivalent is the Friedman test.)
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I am having this idea of reclaiming part of the Sahara by planting trees to see whether it will assist in combating Climate Change.
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In Kenya we we have a package of "Kazi Mtaani", meaning community work. Youth from various localities have been mobilised to de-silt culvert, clear bushes, clear drains. We have plenty of this labour and if they can assist in greening the world it will be very good.
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I am doing lesson plans and am looking for examples of environmental claims that do not stand up to close scrutiny.
There are more than enough examples of this related to climate change...so no climate change discussion needed, thank you though.
The idea is that I will give my class a faulty environmental claim and they have to find the weakness in the claim as a homework assignment.
For example, here is claim that does not stand up:
"The lead dust found in the soil of Gotham City can get into the groundwater and pose a human health risk through drinking water."
What is wrong with this claim? The lead dust is most certainly harmful and may have leached into the ground-water, but five minutes on the city water department web page will show that the drinking water comes from a reservoir miles away. So the route of exposure is the reason this claim is faulty, and if we want to protect people, we need to worry about airborne dust and skin contact with soil.
In another case, I encountered a claim from a chapter of the REDACTED ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION that Carbon Dioxide is linked to asthma.
Carbon dioxide is of course linked to climate change and in confined spaces can be deadly. But the claim is faulty because asthma is linked to nitrous oxides, ozone, and particulates.
Do you have any other examples?
Please let me know
Kevin
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El Niño and La Niña are complex weather patterns resulting from variations in ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific that are a good example of natural weather variability. Glaciations are another example of climatic variation that occurs naturally and is not related to current climate change.
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I am thinking of working on a research topic relating to ESG Investment and Climate change reality. I am no expert in research for now and Its been quite confusing how to capture Climate change and ESG with this regards to show the relationship between E Investments and Reduction in climate change. So far, with my little research done, to capture climate change, one could use "rising sea levels" or "average temperature overtime" but is that really sufficient? Plus what would you suggest I use to capture ESG Investing (Be it Global or Regional).
Looking forward to reading responses :).
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You can read Understanding the Challenges of Climate Change on Business: A Study on RMG Sector in Bangladesh.
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In very recent years there has been a heightened public concern and awareness about climate change and sustainability. When we talk about sustainability, is it clear that we are all talking about the sustainability of populations of other species and their habitats, and the activities of humans to have an impact on those species and habitats?
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The concept of sustainability is related to to the existing ecological interspecies relationships in natural ecosystems. On the other hand, the concept of sustainable development in recent years more and more often, apart from the issues of biology and ecology, is also to pro-ecological economic processes that are implemented taking into account the issues of solving global problems of the development of civilization, corporate social responsibility and social environmental (ecological) responsibility. In addition, the concept of implementing the principles of sustainable development to economic processes is related to the implementation of pro-ecological reforms carried out in specific sectors of the economy, e.g. to the pro-ecological transformation of the energy sector through the development of renewable energy sources. The process of implementing the principles of sustainable development into economic processes is an important element of the pro-ecological transformation of the traditional brown economy into a sustainable green economy / circular economy. The pro-ecological transformation of the economy is carried out, among others, by in order to increase the scale of protection of nature and climate of planet Earth. At the same time, as a result of these processes, the scope of sustainability of economic processes increases. In view of the above, there are many indirect relationships and correlations between the issues of progressing climate change, counteracting the progressing global warming process and the issue of sustainability in the economy and in natural ecosystems.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Climate change has an impact on humans
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I do agree with your views
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Any paper about the relation between butterfly lifecycle and temperature will be very helpful, please let me know
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Dear Alex Naveen Alex I also suggest like Tharindu Ranasinghe follow the attached link below, you may get some related information
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Hello,
I will like to know the best spatial modelling technique to investigate the effects of climate change on biodiversity.
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MaxEnt
Logistic Regression
Artificial Neural Network
MaxEnt results are usually better.
You can also study the results of the methods
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Hi everyone,
I am looking to collaborate with any researcher(s) that is/are interested in applying the principles of cellular automaton to climate change research. Kindly reach out to me by commenting, sending a private message or an email to hemenseter@knu.ac.kr
Please share this with your colleagues so it can be widely read. Thanks
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Dear Butu,
Do you want to relate cellular automaton to climate change and sustainability research with business?
If you want to do this I can collaborate.
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Global warming is being addressed through a sustainable development lense formally since 2012 Rio +20; and therefore, it is being addressed outside sustainabiltiy rules.
And this raises the question, is not global warming a sustainability isssue? I think it is a sustainabiltiy issue. What do you think?
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In the last 100 years, the warming of the air has increased. This led to the melting of the glaciers and the fact that the steppe was overthrown.
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During climate change women and men perform different roles to combat the climatic events
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What role do men and women play to combat climate change? The negative role that men and women play to combat climate change, several times, is partly due to their ignorance, missing information and misinformation.
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Dear all,  
I am currently a guest editor for the special issue "Mediterranean Olive Trees and Olive Oil under Climate Change", which will be published by the journal Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395, 2019 JCR impact factor = 2.259, Quartile 1).
The deadline is June 2021. Please feel free to contact me if you are interested and also feel free to disseminate this message in your groups.
Yours sincerely,
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Bon courage et bonne chance Olfa
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A study by researchers at Imperial College London, published in the magazine “One Earth”, highlights the need to deepen knowledge about how global warming affects polar ice sheets, in order to be able to estimate sea level rise in this century and believe that current knowledge about the behavior of ice sheets suggests that sea level rise may be greater than the "probable range" predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2100.
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I think that we should avoid living in that area.
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The greenhouse effect is gradually progressing on Earth. Consequently, the risk of new climate disasters increases every year.
Currently, technologies are being developed with the help of which space ships will be built to enable a manned space mission to Mars.
In the 21st century, will man be able to overcome greater distances and get to know some other planets of our solar system?
Is it possible to develop on Earth a technology that a man can leave the solar system and, for example, one day he can reach the nearest Alpha Centauri constellation?
In connection with the above, the question arises: Will man manage to create technologies thanks to which he will leave the planet Earth, the Solar System and reach other planetary systems?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Nice discussion. In this case, the mission of voyager 1 and 2 can be mentioned. The two spacecrafts have been sent to the space with close time distance of each other 42 years ago to explore the solar system and its beyond. Still some parts of voyager 2 is functioning and sending data to the stations on earth and it is passing the heliopause and entering a new era and thereafter a new constellation. It is surprisingly sending unexpected news from beyond our planet and the whole solar system. In my opinion first of all such missions can be designed and performed to receive and send us the accurate data of the meta space outer our blue lively planet, then researchers can decide to manage sending existing humans to outer planet or better to say to plan building a new residential area on other planets. As an example after moon and mars the next destination can be the titan the moon of the planet Saturn. Titan with a thick atmosphere is a negotiable opportunity.
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How ethnobotany is linked to climate change?
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فالعديد من الافراد يقوم بالخلط بين مفهوم المناخ ومفهوم الطقس رغم اختلاف مفهوم احدهما عن الاخر.وايضا هناك خلط بين مفهوم المناخ والغلاف الجوي
مفهوم المناخ فيمكن تعريفه علي انه قياس نمطي للطقس المسجل في مكان أو منطقة على مدى فترة أطول بكثير من حوالي 30 عامًا إلى مئات أو حتى آلاف السنين
الغلاف الجوي هو عبارة عن غلاف الغازات المحيطة بالارض
"تغـير المناخ" المقصود به بانه "يعني تغيراً في المناخ يعزى بصورة مباشرة أو غير مباشرة إلى النشاط البشـري الـذي يفضي إلى تغير في تكوين الغلاف الجوي العالمي والذي يلاحظ، بالإضافة إلى التقلب الطبيعي للمناخ، على مدى فترات زمنية متماثلة" هذا من الناحية القانونية ومن ثم كان يجب التساؤل عن المناخ وعلاقته بعلم النبات وليس تغير المناخ الذي عرفته الاتفاقية او نسبته لفعل الانسان
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Everyone knows, the fast changing climatic condition with altered physical factors due to various anthropologic activities. Humans are unable to handle the issue of climate change due to growing needs and population. So, how nature will resolve the issue of climate change without human interference?
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If greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow in the coming years, the global warming process will accelerate and become an irreversible process in the next several dozen years. Therefore, climate change can be so great that nature will not solve the problem either. Forest fires, droughts, and weather anomalies will intensify. The biodiversity of natural ecosystems will quickly decline, it will be impoverished in terms of the composition of flora, fauna, fungi and microorganisms, and in terms of the genetic composition of the planet Earth's biosphere. Nature will not stop these unfavorable processes of climate change, but will be subject to these processes. So nature, preserving the biodiversity of natural ecosystems, can be helped primarily by people who, by implementing the principles of sustainable development, social environmental (ecological) responsibility, pro-ecological reforms of implementing eco-innovations in economic processes, etc., and other pro-ecological transformation of the traditional brown economy into a sustainable green economy / circular economy can save the biosphere of planet Earth from the climate crisis. If it's not too late, of course. But no matter how much time is left for the implementation of this pro-ecological action plan, it must be implemented urgently.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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How both climate change and systemic racism have their roots in colonization and the accompanying exploitation and extraction of both people and the environment.
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I asked a similar question a week ago. It emanated out of the yellow vest protests of western Canada. Many of these right wing protesters espoused positions that were pro-oil and pipelines, an anti-immigration with Islamophobic overtones. To somewhat digress, a recent anti-mask rally in Saskatchewan was organized by a known white supremacist. Research is needed to deconstruct these strange juxtapositions between anti-science beliefs and overt racism.
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Agricultural crops suffer from climate change? Discussed that?
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فمن لاثار المترتبة علي التغيرات في درجات الحرارة وهطول الامطار بالنسبة لمستويات المعيشية اشارت التقارير الصادرة عن البنك الدولي الي ان 800 مليون شخص يعيشون في منطقة جنوب اسيا يعيشون في مناطق تتعرض فيها موارد كسب الرزق لتاثيرات تغير المناخ
تقريرالبنك الدولي التقرير السنوي 2019 بعنوان انهاء الفقر والاستثمار في الفرص
وذلك لان ارتفاع درجات الحرارة المترتب علي التغيرات المناخية يؤثر علي المحاصيل الزراعية بل في كثير من الاحيان يجعل الارض صحراء جرداء لا زرع فيها ولا ماء
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There are some scenarios can be used in Asian orglobally
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threats related to warming:
- increase in the frequency, intensity and duration of droughts in some regions, extreme precipitation, floods, cases of waterlogging dangerous for agriculture-in others;
- increased fire risk in forests and peatlands;
- violation of the habitual way of life of indigenous northern peoples;
- degradation of permafrost with damage to buildings and communications;
- disturbance of ecological balance, displacement of some biological species by others;
- increase in electricity consumption for air conditioning in the summer season for a large area of the country.
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is urban future can be predictable based on the available analytical assumptions such as the climate changes future scenarios, urban populations figures and building energy consumption levels
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It may be complicated to predict accurately, but we can predict some trends. In relative terms, the urban population will grow faster than the rural population. There will be migration from rural to urban areas, but the inverse is also true though on a smaller scale as we have seen people's reaction when confined in large cities. Rural areas will become progressively more urbanized with better access to services and information and communications technology. Remote work possibilities and cheaper housing will be determinant to attract people to rural areas. On the other hand, better access to the labor market will still attract people to large cities. Environmental issues, such as air and water quality, will also be determinant factors when considering urban growth.
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Climate change disaster is a great amplifier of health inequities. It is already affecting and will continue to affect vulnerable populations’ health and well-being like migrants, both in Canada and internationally. We are conducting a critical scoping review to explore work that has been done to examine and address the needs, challenges, experiences, and health outcomes of immigrant populations. Your critical reflections and suggestion will be helpful.
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Some of the immigrants are moving away from their homes because of war (Afghanistan towards Europe) others because of poverty (Africans towards Europe) and still others because of flooding and climate change effects.
In all these cases, they suffer due to lack of proper health conditions on their way until they settle in a new country.
If the newcomers settle in Canada for instance, they will be looked after and have no ill effects.
A good example of sufferers from climate change effects are the people in Honduras and Nicaragua after they were hit twice by damaging hurricanes. The countries are poor and couldn't look after their health needs even before the hurricanes. Now they have a good reason to immigrate.
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I know there are some global database that include rainfall. But I would like something more specific for Africa at a spatial resolution around 0.25 degrees, and daily frequency for the last decade. Something equivalent to the European ECA&D would be great. Does it exist for Africa? Thanks.
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Hi, please find attached a list of freely available observational datasets (gauge, satellite, reanalysis) I am analyzing in a paper submitted recently. Not all datasets have teh required characteristics in terms of resolution or time spawn, but it may be a useful starting point. Hope it helps.
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positives of climate change, future options of food security, future options of land expansion for new farmland.
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Many studies indicate that the world may enter a new ice age due to the decline in solar activity, and this affects the whole world.
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In many countries, air and rail transportation is interrupted. The isolation measures lead to the decrease of road traffic utilization and the production of factories. The result is reduced carbon emissions and clean air above China, South Korea, European countries and the United States. China's anti epidemic measures have reduced carbon emissions by 25% in just one month. At the end of March, the European Space Agency (ESA) released satellite images showing changes in the ozone layer over many countries between January 1 and March 11. The changes above Italy are particularly dramatic, with the country's ecological indicators improving, as seen by the naked eye: swans and fish begin to return to the Venetian canal, and then dolphins and jellyfish are observed.
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We all know that the aviation industry produces a good amount of CO2. Nevertheless, as climate change scientists we frequently fly to attend a growing number of meetings and conferences organised to discuss some of the impacts of climate change.
Shouldn't we start thinking about the necessity of some face-to-face meetings that could alternatively occur by video conferencing?
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Hi Debmita Bandyopadhyay , thank you for your contribution to the debate.
Yes, I hope people will still be open minded to these new practices when travelling is safe again. Off course, personal contact will always be the best way to build strong scientific collaboration, but hopefully we will find a balance on that to reduce our airplane trips and consequently contribute to a reduction of CO2 emissions.
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I am working in research on climate adaptation so need to compare the performance of the urban fabric to the climate changes, which requires me to make a comparison and simulation of the performance of the urban fabric in different time periods such as the past, the present and the future, so I need to find predicted climate data for the future climate for an area, how do I get it and how can I change it to eps climate file to input and use for the DesignBuilder software!
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You have several options! Which one you use will depend on what you need or want your weather to represent. At global scales, climate projections are created with General Circulation Models (GCMs). Different groups have created different models with varying (to some degree) underlying assumptions on how to estimate physical processes in the atmosphere. The CMIP projects collect/organize simulation experiments using these models:
One big issue with these global models is that due to how computationally expensive they are, their level of spatial detail is most often not appropriate for urban-scale studies. There are three ways that scientists go around this:
  1. Statistical downscaling: This involves taking data from the GCM projections as well as local observations over a long period of time to "correct" data for the urban effects. This process is computationally inexpensive but relies on having a multi-year record. What's more, its usefulness will also depend on what you need (a dense set of intra-urban points or just one point per city)
  2. Dynamical downscaling: This involves running what is more or less a regional-scale version of a GCM for your area of interest. These regional models can go to very high resolutions (sub-neighborhood) and even account for physical processes between the urban fabric and the atmosphere at the cost of large computational expense:
  3. Hybrid downscaling: Essentially combining machine learning and dynamical downscaling techniques to avoid having to do multi-year ensembles. This process is relatively new, with folks at private companies like Jupiter Intelligence (https://jupiterintel.com/) doing a lot of cool work:
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The cyclones hit two of the most populated metropolitan cities in the world – Kolkata and Mumbai. The propensity towards similar climatic events has increased around the Indian Ocean. Unseasonal storms in East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, which triggered the locust outbreaks in South Asia and the wildfires in Australia, are part of these unusual events. At the same time, a series of heatwaves led to the bleaching of coral reefs along the Indian coast, which has evolved as a hotspot for climate extremes, rampaging the marine ecosystem.
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Most scientists agree with the suggestions above that is why we have climate conferences - last one in Paris - that gave all countries guidelines to cut emissions, etc and, as expected Donald Trump was the only one who abandoned the Paris Accord on Climate. Of course, the new USA administration will join in the very first day.
It is very serious situation and is getting worse, some of the latest people to suffer were in Honduras and Nicaragua.
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During 2018, Puerto Rico has exposed to many devastating hurricanes along with many other parts of USA. In Puerto Rico, hurricanes have created disaster in the society. There is no doubt that Puerto Rico has experienced major hurricanes during 2018. However, the country was not in the list of Top Ten “Long Term Climate Risk Index (CRI) in the past. Surprisingly, Global Climate Risk Index 2019 by GERMANWATCH has placed the country in the top of the list.
Can we define climate risk like that?
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Whether Puerto Rico will be hit depends first on the sea temperature of the Atlantic to the south and east of it and the wind direction. Hurricanes usually are generated far away from Puerto Rico which happens to be on a possible path of a hurricane. This type of storms just move the heat in the ocean. If there is no extra heat, there are no hurricanes (like in the South Atlantic).
However, the air is warmer than normal due to the exhaust of fossil fuel engines. If the air gets warmer, the sea becomes warmer too in the same part of the world. Therefore, this extra heat in the sea needs to move. Storms do just that.
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Even here in Canada they are saying that climate action is a science based action as a promoting slogan for change, but if science based climate action is implemented through non-science based markets is not that a problem?.  UNCSD 2012 / Rio +20 in the Future We Want formalized a paradigm shift from the traditional market to green markets/green growth/green economy but instead of moving towards creating green markets by internalizing the environmental externality in the price mechanism of the traditional market to shift to green markets they are fast moving into creating carbon pricing based markets to continue treating environmental issues as they were in the traditional market still as externalities….
Carbon pricing based markets are dwarf green markets as they do not reflect perfect green market theory and they are unconnected to the green market price….Does not a science based climate action requires a science based market?. If yes, carbon pricing is not the way to go as they are not green markets and we are supposed to have shifted towards green markets in 2012, why are we going that way? Does the shift to green markets in 2012 made the scientific method and perfect green market theory irrelevant?
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Dear friends, you may find the following article full of food for thoughts so I am sharing it here for you to check when you have time:
Sustainability thoughts 130: Can green economies and green growth exist without green markets? If not, why not? What is the current main development implication of this?
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Dear Scientific community, researchers, scientists, inventor and innovator, Everybody is feeling safe and healthy around, I know this Covid19 pandemic is hitting hard everybody every corner, sometimes even feeling twisted around the interest of other important pressing issues of the world like environmental, sustainability, Plastics, waste management and so on.
In this midst of pandemic chaos, i had to have the courage over thinking other pressing problems also. So, I've been lately thinking about the plastics, packaging, energy production, burning fuel, pollution, climate change s and waste management issues. I couldn't find any reliable existing solutions for these.So, now I'm gathering ideas and wanted to learn more and present a solution to the world or at least being a part of it.
Currently I want to study more about gas absorption, how burning or melting anything could harm to environment and living beings, recycling, new technology for recycle and its reliability..
So, i thought I need to learn, train and looking further to do appropriate study or research (PhD/MS integratedPhd) with a mentor or a team with a curiosity and passion to bring a solution.
Also, for applying or proposing myself since my background being Biotechnology and a little bit of chemistry i've learnt during the coursework back then..I don't know where I could fit but I'm curious to learn...I will be grateful if anybody from this community could suggest me or recommend me where I should go, approach or look out.
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I appreciate for interest. You better come to developing countries like Ethiopia. You will get a chance to compare such problems with developed one.
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Journal of Management in Engineering
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Special Collection-Call for Papers 
Management of Resilience in Civil Infrastructure Systems: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Objective: The objective of this special issue is to document scholarly interdisciplinary contributions in the field of resilience, with a specific focus on the engineering managerial issues at the interface of the built environment with social and ecological systems. In particular, we look for interdisciplinary contributions to management of resilience in civil infrastructure systems from other engineering disciplines as well as disciplines such as management, sociology, ecology, political science, psychology, urban sciences, geography, and economics.
Submission information: Authors wishing to submit papers should contact the Guest Editors [Nader Naderpajouh (nnp@rmit.edu.au), Juyeong Choi (jchoi@eng.famu.fsu.edu), and David Yu (davidyu@purdue.edu)] to submit an extended abstract (maximum 800 words) summarizing a proposed submission. The guest editorial team are from the fields of civil and environmental engineering and social sciences, and are encouraging submissions from a range of disciplinary perspectives and using a wide range of quantitative and qualitative methods. The authors are specifically required to highlight the interdisciplinary links and contributions from other fields to the scholarly field of civil engineering. In order to be considered for the special issue, authors should submit extended abstracts by January 31, 2019. The Guest Editors will review submitted proposals upon their receipt and contact authors with invitations to submit full-length articles soon thereafter. Note that in case of earlier submission the review process will start immediately.
Guest Editors
Juyeong Choi, FAMU-FSU College of Engineering  (jchoi@eng.famu.fsu.edu)
David Yu, Purdue University (davidyu@purdue.edu)
Young Hoon Kwak, The George Washington University (kwak@gwu.edu)
Deadline for extended abstract: January 31, 2019
Links:
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And we also discussed the special collection concluding remarks here: https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/%28ASCE%29ME.1943-5479.0000871
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Dear Researchers,
I run multiple times my SWAT-CUP SUFI2 but it is contineously giving this problem as attached in picture. Please let me know your expert opinion why I am facing this error and how to fix it.
Thanks in Anticipation.
Kind Regards
Naveed
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Sofwatul Izzah Use swat_cup_setup_5.1.6.2 version
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Who has the right to define what is climate change research should be? Who should define the climate change research topic, research questions, and research design? Who should own the climate change research result? How can the community lead to climate change research? How should we re-learn to consider community people as researchers?
How does the anti-racist form of climate change research look like?
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Thanks Praneeth Silva for your kind words. Yes, we all need transdisciplinary understanding and practice.
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I too work on the ethics of climate change. Please send me your e-mail, so that I can send you flyers about relevant books. My e-mail is attfieldr@cardiff.ac.uk . I will attach a flyer for my textbook on environmental ethics. Best wishes, Robin Attfield
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Many thanks for your message. I have just sent you an e-mail, attaching six flyers and describing the six books that they relate to. I hope that you and your colleagues will find these books useful.
It looks as if RessearchGate expects me to add a file to this message, and so I will. Best wishes,
Robin (Attfield)
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I'm attempting to build a hypothesis about the Gupta Empire of classical India, and am interested in understanding monsoon and temperature levels. Tree rings, Himalayan ice cores, any leads would be great!
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Dear Anirudh,
You will find a lot of papers based on the past 2000 yrs of climate history in India. Few of them
1. Yadava and Ramesh 2005: Monsoon reconstruction from radiocarbon-dated tropical Indian speleothems
2. Sinha et al., 2011: The leading mode of Indian Summer Monsoon precipitation variability during the last millennium
3. Sinha et al., 2015: Trends and oscillations in the Indian summer monsoon rainfall over the last two millennia....................................
Important review papers...................
Misra et al., 2019: Holocene climate records from lake sediments in India: Assessment of coherence across climate zones
Dixit and Tandon 2016: Hydroclimatic variability on the Indian subcontinent in the past millennium: Review and assessment
Please also go through the papers from the Himalayan region based on pollens and treen rings. You will get a lot of information.
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Donald Trump and his challenger Joe Biden have presented vastly different visions for handling crucial issues, from the coronavirus pandemic to climate change. This results in how the election could shape many "Science" or "the scientific implications of Climate Change" issues.
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Definitely as United States is major Role players in Global Science and also have to play role in scientific tools in Climate changes
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In my country, more than a dozen years ago or more, there were real winters with snow and frost after the autumn. Whereas last winter, during the last few years it looked like autumn, without snow and positive temperatures. I think that the greenhouse effect, ie the warming of the Earth's climate, has already begun. This is also confirmed by numerous climatic cataclysms and weather anomalies, which in the current year 2018 appear in numerous places on the Earth. In some parts of the Earth there are fires of huge forest areas such as in Scandinavia, California in the USA, Australia, the Iberian Peninsula, Africa, etc. In addition, weather anomalies, e.g. snow and floods in October and November in the south of Europe.
In addition, tornadoes in many places on Earth and so on.
Perhaps these problems will get worse. It is necessary to improve security systems and anti-crisis services, improve the prediction of these anomalies and climatic cataclysms so that people can, have managed to shelter or cope with the imminent cataclysm. One of the technologies that can help in more precise forecasting of these cataclysms is the processing of large collections of historical and current information on this subject in the cloud computing technology in Big Data database systems.
Therefore, I am asking you: Will new data processing technologies in Big Data database systems allow for accurate prediction of climate disasters?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Thank you for your answer. Thank you very much for proposing an article on this important issue concerning new data processing technologies in Big Data database systems allow for precise prediction of climate disasters. The importance of this type of analytics based on Big Data Analytics will increase due to the ongoing global warming processes and the increasingly frequent negative effects of this process.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Emissions by conventional fuel vehicles is one of major contributor of Climate Change. For reducing road vehicles emissions to zero, A design which is marked as INVENTION by IEEE, SAE & WIPO was tested in lab with satisfactory results but it couldn't brought in use as being global in nature, support of Governments, organisations, manufacturers, operators or investors in Climate Change. It will give proper result if IMPLIMENTED in most of the countries in world.
Can any organisation/ institute/ agency/ investor help to promote the invention of EVs powered by overhead supply worldwide?
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I think that holding an international conference on this subject might be a good idea
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Plant range shifts have been widely attributed to changing climate specifically temperature. However, not all the species experience range shifts. I am looking for some factors which might be useful for explaining these variations in plants.
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Dear Abhishek
In my opinion, if you put plants in functional groups, you will get better results.
To find the most effective factors, you can also use the principal component analysis. Because it provides effective factors of each region. In some areas, the effects of soil, topography, exploitation, etc. may be more than the effects of climate.
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These days, people are discussing about pro-environmental and protective notions in their life all over the world. It seems this level of consideration should be navigated to a sustainable path. What do you think about it?
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Totally agree to that, However sustaining sensitivity towards these issues after the pandemic remains to be seen...
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In conducting a Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment at the household level using a survey questionnaire, there is a need to ask participants how they characterize their experience of various hazards in terms of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Is there a set of categories for each of the factors of vulnerability?
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There are three dimensions of vulnerability to climate change: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity.
  1. Exposure is the degree to which people and the things they value could be exposed to climate variation or change;
  2. sensitivity is the degree to which they could be harmed by that exposure; and
  3. adaptive capacity is the degree to which they could mitigate the potential for harm by taking action to reduce exposure or sensitivity.
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The Southeastern region of the United States of America, including Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and the Caribbean archipelagos are being devastated by a higher number of hurricanes than ever before--Why? Are these stronger and more frequent wind and rain storms evidence of (1) global warming; or (2) climate change?
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Dear Prof. Nancy Ann Watanabe and Readers,
According to the information available from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions:
“Although scientists are uncertain whether climate change will lead to an increase in the number of hurricanes, there is more confidence that warmer ocean temperatures and higher sea levels are expected to intensify their intensity and impacts. Stronger hurricanes will be far more costly in terms of damages and deaths without action to make coastal (and inland) areas more resilient“.
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I am currently working on my M.Sc. thesis studying how climate change affects the presence of the gray whale in one of its main breeding areas in Mexico. We have considered temperature, chlorophyll and extent of ice in their feeding areas (Bering Sea, Chukchi and Beaufort) and temperature in migration route and breeding areas. In addition, PDO and ENSO indices.
Should we consider other environmental variables and / or indices, which ones?
I thank in advance for your help and support.
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Hello Yessica; The bays where the whales have their young have become tourist attractions that cater to whale-watching. The whales are disturbed every day and some become habituated to people and boats. These conditions deserve some attention as well as the other factors that you mention. Best regards, Jim Des Lauriers
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Are there any publications or own observations on how the spatial distribution of widespread moss species such as Pleurozium schreberi, Pseudoscleropodium purum or Hypnum cupressiforme changes under climate change?
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Dear Researchers,
I am using SDSM for statistical downscaling and keen to know that which I should prefer to use GCMs or RCMs output. Keep in mind that my study area is high elevated about 3700 m a.m.sl to 4800 m a.m.sl and 137, 000 Sq.km.
I have longterm daily temperatures and precipitaions data not uniformly located observation stations.
Please share your expertise, for each temperatures and precipitaion separately.
Regards
Naveed.
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SDSM is better for monthly tem and precipitation. GCMs may be perfect for daily data prediction.
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Please I need help and any information on climate change accounting, carbon accounting, environmental quality
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Go to google scholar, Enter "climate change accounting, carbon accounting, environmental quality ", a huge number of studies can assess you.
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Dear Colleagues,
My name is Sylvia Lima and I am conducting a survey as part of my Ph.D. research in evaluation of climate change adaptation success in coastal areas of developing countries with Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (VUW).
The research has been approved by the Human Ethics Committee of the University (approval #0000027792) and you can find more information below.
This survey is anonymous and will take you about 15 minutes to complete. Your answers will remain completely anonymous and unidentifiable.
Your support will be much appreciated. Please feel free to share the link to the survey with colleagues that might be interested in collaborating with this research.
Thank you.
Sylvia Lima
INFORMATION FOR PARTICIPANTS
You are invited to take part in this survey. Please read this information before deciding whether or not to take part. If you decide to participate, thank you. If you decide not to participate, thank you for considering this request.
Who am I? My name is Sylvia Lima and I am a Doctoral student in Environmental Studies at Victoria University of Wellington. This research project is work towards my dissertation.
What is the aim of the project? This project seeks to understand success criteria and evaluation for climate change adaptation projects implemented in coastal zones of developing countries funded through multilateral organizations. This research has been approved by the Victoria University of Wellington Human Ethics Committee 0000027792.
How can you help? You have been invited to participate because of your experience and knowledge of climate change adaptation strategies in coastal zones. If you agree to take part you will complete a survey. The survey will ask you questions about your opinion and perception of climate change adaptation success and aspects of monitoring and evaluation of adaptation strategies. The survey will take you about 15 minutes to complete.
What will happen to the information you give? This research is anonymous. This means that nobody, including the researchers, will be aware of your identity. By answering it, you are giving consent for us to use your responses in this research. Your answers will remain completely anonymous and unidentifiable. Once you submit the survey, it will be impossible to retract your answer. Please do not include any personally identifiable information in your responses.
What will the project produce? The information from my research will be used in Ph.D. dissertation and academic publications and conferences.
If you have any questions or problems, who can you contact? If you have any questions, either now or in the future, please feel free to contact either me or my supervisors. If you have any concerns about the ethical conduct of the research, you may contact the Victoria University HEC Convenor. Please see all contacts below.
Student’contacts
Sylvia Lima
Victoria University of Wellington
School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Human Ethics Committee information
Dr Judith Loveridge
Victoria University HEC Convenor
Victoria University of Wellington
Phone number: +64-4-463 6028
Supervisors’ contacts:
John Overton
Professor and Programme Director, Development Studies
Victoria University of Wellington
School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Phone number: +64 04 4635281
Judy Lawrence
Senior Research Fellow
Victoria University of Wellington
Climate Change Research Institute, School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Phone number: +64 04 463 9601
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How can cities prepare and eventually become more resilient to climate change? What policies should be adopted in order to move towards SSC (Sustainable Smart City) vision?
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- Deaths. Temperatures are getting hotter more pepple will d
- Power outages - During extreme heat
- Infrastructure failures. With extra heat, the actual built environment of a city is affected.
- Economic impact. All of the reasons above cost cities money.
Invest in cooling techniques
The techniques for developers to implement in their projects include green roofs, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesting, urban forestry, bioretention and others. Other cities are implementing tactics like installing white roofs to reflect the heat and spreading titanium dioxide-infused goo on its sidewalks and streets to reduce surfect-street temperatures.
Embrace urban growth with clean energy solutions
Through energy: solar panels, recycling and waste management, high-performance insulation, etc.. Transportation: electric vehicle fleets for cities, autonomous vehicles, microtransit, etc. And technology: using data to track individual impact, truly reaching "smart city" status.
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What are possible applications of Machine Learning in ArcGIS ?
Assuming we have very detailed DTM Data about surface around lets say a glacier impending to fall into a lake resulting in a deadly outburst flood (GLOF).
a) Forecasting the hazard of this melting glacier one could predict the ice-thickness.
Do you have other ideas?
Tags: Remote Sensing, QGis, ArcGIS, Drone Images, Climate Change, Risk Management, Machine Learning, AI
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Machine learning algorithms are added in ArcGIS pro.. Please explore
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Small farm and different parameters to be recorded and problems
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Soil organic Carbon, Microbial population and diversity are the most important parameters for considering soil health.
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Over the past decades, ecosystem and climate change modeling have made great advances. However, as indicated by the uncomfortably large deviations between predicted climate change and today's observed effects, there is obviously a lot of room for improvement. Today it is accepted that global warming, and a series of derived effects, are ocurring at much faster rates than predicted even with the most sophisticated models just 10 years ago. Similar discrepancies exist for ecosystem models which try to predict production or the development of pest and disease populations. In the end, the complexities of non-linear behavior and multiple synergistic effects may render such complex systems impossible to model within the limits of acceptable accuracy. If models only hold under extensive lists of unrealistic assumptions (such as linear and additive effects vs non-linear synergistic effects), then their value for deriving practical recommendations must be questioned. So: what are the limits to (meaningful) modeling? I would warmly welcome pointers towards a readable account of this issue.
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Limits are insufficient data to parameterise models and that we cannot predict the future :)
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Is power-to-gas a possible solution to this issue? Storing renewable energy in the form of H2 and CH4 and using them as fuels can increase the penetration of renewable energy in the transportation sector?
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I agree with Mohammed. In addition, sustainable H2 and CH4 (from renewables) can be stored in the Natural Gas Pipeline network and underground for seasonal balancing of Electricity Demand and Supply. Sustainable H2 and methane can also power heavy duty fuel cell vehicles year-round. When wildfires and other natural disasters crash the grid, or lead to rolling preventive blackouts, the redundancy and security of the underground natural gas pipeline network and storage fields can provide stable energy supplies to distributed fuel cells.
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The content obtained for the C & N in the soil samples of the forest floors is increased this time and in 2020 is 5 times more than that of the C & N obtained in 2008, simultaneously the same forest stands in four districts is increased by areas observed in the India State of Forest Report 2019, not only that the forest canopy is much lush green in comparison to 2008, is this change be considered as the evidence of the climate change, though the time span of only 12 years is very short for interpretation of the evidence of the climate change.
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I totally agree with Fazel Mohammadi-Moghadam that we need more studies to be done around the world to repeat the idea and evidence. It is a very interesting discussion we are countering here. During my PhD study, I have done a long-term research investigating the effects of 20 years climate influence on soil fauna and vegetation. I think 12 years can also be considered as a long-term research and these discussed obtained results maybe show the effect of higher temperatures on increasing the decomposition rates. Although this is a perception and it really needs to be studied in detail.
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2 subsets of CLIMATE CHANGE- Global warming and Global cooling
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Is the human population sustainable? Is there anything we can do now to a) minimize future human suffering as our population size changes, and b) minimize or reverse the reduction in abundance of other species?
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There are many references reporting that the natural resources of the planet cannot support the current population at the current level of exploitative pressure.The Wikipedia page on sustainability is a good place to start. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainability . There is a date in the year when the sustainable production of ecosystem services for that year is exceeded. In 2020 it was 22 August. https://www.overshootday.org/2020-calculation/.
The overshoot could be reduced by reducing the ecological footprint of the human population. This could be by reducing food waste, improving farm husbandry, improving irrigation efficiency, replacing fossil fuel energy with renewable energy and so on. The other main method is by reducing the human population, through war, disease, famine, natural disaster. If humans don't reduce the overshoot by deliberate action, nature will eventually do it for them, more painfully.
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These SSPs are now being used as important inputs for the latest climate models, feeding into the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) sixth assessment report due to be published in 2020-21.
what is Shared Socio-economic Pathways(SSPs) and how to used for maxent?
I mean I want to konw the relationship of the climate and Shared Socio-economic Pathways(SSPs)
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Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) are scenarios of projected socioeconomic global changes up to 2100. They are used to derive greenhouse gas emissions scenarios with different climate policies.
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Why does your choice appeal to you?
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Which approach to climate change could help: technological innovation, institutional change, or individual repentance
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What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Dear Michael Issigonis, Yes you are right. There are already many pro-ecological technologies and eco-innovations that are not used and developed on a large scale, but should be developed to reduce the amount of CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. Yes, I agree with you that due to the increase in CO2 emissions, you should try to collect this gas in individual cities by using already known technologies and by increasing green areas, developing electromobility and renewable energy. Besides, as you pointed out, there are several methods of this process (capturing CO2, including from the atmosphere) and these environmental technologies should be urgently developed. Best wishes, All the best, Stay healthy!
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Is there any particular rule that told us in what condition we allowed to rebuilding missing data in a synoptic station? For example, if a station has 15% missing data over 30 years, can it be filling? In other words, is there a specific rule that says up to what percent of missed data we can reconstruct it and used in drought studies? Can this data be filled in by taking a regression from the station itself, or should it be filled in by nearby stations? The time steps are in monthly. Do you have any referenced article for that?
Thank you in advanced Best Regards
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we usually use regression techniques (mostly linear) by utilizing data from the nearby or at least closest stations in columns. Moreover, for temperature data, we sometimes create random points to extract from remote sensing imagery and create a column to include the regression process. Although each process comprises uncertainty itself, we think they still represent the required climate data in case of data scarcity.
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Most of the countries of Africa are affected by water war due to climate change, so let think together how to bring solution for this conflict of interest.
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Thanks this is really critical issues which we are currently facing and it need to be address regarding to attend photosynthesis for plant and greenhouse effects.
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Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica L) is one of the valued plants in arid environments as source of food and animal feed. It is also important in the rehabilitation of degraded lands and enrichment of soil chemical and physical properties. But studies that show its applications in food, pharmaceutical, and beauty and cosmetic industries are limited. How can we exploit this plant in the face of food and nutrition security as well as climate change challenges?
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Yes, it has tremendous scope for fodder under arid climate where moisture availability throughout year is major concerns. It has unlocking potential to provide more nutrtive fodder with all essential minerals. Good initiatives sir...