Science topic

Climate Change - Science topic

Climate Change is an any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Questions related to Climate Change
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Hi frds,
Is there a study of the impact of hunter vs gatherer codes societies on sustainable climate aware lifestyles?
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all the topics if us tretamients in the school in first years, is so necessary for the future life . Learn the important of take care the earth, water, flowers, animals all will be a important topic in the future live
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Hi frds,
Some societies are socialized with hunting pack code and rank throughout the institutions. Is it possible to substitute this code in a lifetime?
Cherish your feedback.
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If it can be learned, it can be unlearned. Your question however is contradictory. "Substitute" means to replace with another, not necessarily "unlearn", which are two very distinctly different constructs. "Unlearn" is to bring back to the original state (back to 'factory settings'), 'substitute' is to replace with a new program. I would be questioning what program you are considering substituting and why?
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It can be said that all perfect markets once in place will tend to produce at the lowest price possible to maximize profits, but the link between pollution dynamics and profit making is different.
Which raises the question, can you see the difference between the way perfect traditional markets make money as compared to how other perfect markets like the perfect red market or perfect green market or perfect sustainability market do it in terms of pollution dynamics?.
Any ideas?
Please, share your own views!
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What concept you use for a perfect market? Sounds a bit neo-classical microeconomics to me … and that is a different set of thought linking to circular economy / sustainability/ external economies …
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Dear reachers,
I am studying the "qmap" package in R language, to perform bias correction (Quantile Mapping). I have read the Help Documentation about "qmap" package, and all cases are based on precipitation data. These codes include common parameter——“wet.day”, which is intended for precipitation data.
What is the difference between specific R codes for different climatic variables, such as precipitation, temperature, solar, or wind speed?
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Thanks for your answers.
I have read your article, and that's pretty good. As you mentioned, the qmap package provides many methods to explore the relationship between observed and molded values. The selected method is critical to bias correction and varied from previous studies. This might is due to differences in studied areas, global climate models (GCMs), and data scales (monthly or daily).
When I need to perform the bias correction for many climatic stations and GCMs, what should I do to find the suitable method in qmap.
Sincerely
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As it is evident, due to climate change and global warming, as well as energy shortage, there is a crucial need for energy consumption reduction and carbon contamination reduction in households as a major part of these events. One of the novel solutions for managing these problems is digital twins for better management in the construction and also maintenance processes of homes. I want to know:
Firstly, how much could this method be effective in this situation?
Secondly, what are the mechanisms and methods for this system?
Best regards,
Hossein Pouresmaeil.
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Maybe with an algorythm, similar to those of social networks, including control of what you see and hear, effectivness can be accurate, but not quite ethical. I believe more in participatory design.
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It is impossible to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs in 2030, as we know that effective actions do not exist yet?!
Over 46,000 deligats including 112 country leaders attended in COP27, they discussed and made a negotiation about the climate change. no actions was taken after the previous COP-meetings. Will this be the same as the previous COPs or is there a different hope than those?
Your opinion is important.
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Mohamed Ali Ahmed -- IS Somalia a member of the "Middle East Green Initiative" now, or going to join soon? Replanting the trees on the eastern edge of the country, would help increase the rainfall in the summer. The Indian monsoon rain/moisture is going over your country all of the time, but cannot form rainclouds where no trees grow. Watch the moisture track at http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time/imagemain.php?&basin=indian&prod=irn&sat=m5 and there is a ton of moisture between the equator and 20 degrees north--just cannot form clouds until your country starts planting those native trees back. See https://www.ecoseeds.com/cool.html
Once you have trees, you can start sequestering carbon and help fix Global Warming. You do not need anyone to approve this measure at any COP meeting, that is why the Saudis got the 24 countries together to plant the 50 billion trees this month, separate from the COP27 meeting.
And the oil companies should pay for those plantings, so they could sell carbon neutral fossil fuel products, like Occidental Petroleum did last year when it sold 2 million barrels of carbon neutral oil to India.
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Since 1987 WCED "Our common future" A NO BRAINER was to find the way to close the renewable energy technology gap in order to slowly, but surely transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy so as to face the environment issues like global warming/climate change head on,..........
But this need was not the focus to my knowledge of the 1997 Kyoto protocol or the 2012 UNCSD conference or the 2015 Paris agreement or sustainable development goals, old and current or the recent COP27 or talking points of the UNFCCC. Like the word "transition" is toxic.
And this raises the question, Who benefits from blocking the transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy?
What do you think?
Please share your own views
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Dear P K, thank you for writing. Smart opposition stays behind the scene, yes lobbies are an indicator, but the problem can be easily simplified....
Just think who the losers would be if we leave the dirty economy? or think about the emission production problem as an addiction problem, who would benefit for keeping the addition going and if possible, even deeping it?
You do not see the words green markets, transition to clean markets, in all formal environmental related efforts led by UN institutions and their documents and communicates that came after WCED 1987 "Our common future". You only see MITIGATION, ADAPTATION...COMPENSATION...... which means THE DIRTY ECONOMY IS HERE TO STAY....Just look at the COP27 communicate:
COP27 Reaches Breakthrough Agreement on New “Loss and Damage” Fund for Vulnerable Countries
Nothing is sad about HOW TO LEAVE THE ADDICTION, which says a lot.
With this additional backgrown you may be able to see would would benefit from keeping this addiction going so the question:
Who benefits from blocking the transition from the environmentally dirty economy to the environmentally clean economy?
What do you think?
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(How) Sustainable structures need to be improvised based on climate change so that it will enroute towards green sustainability making Advance Technology (Inclusive).
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Role of BIM in designing climate resilient structures and driving sustainability in the AEC industry is also vital.
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Hi frds,
almost all problems we face are international/global, intertwined, and complex (climate change, financial markets, economic systems, geopolitics, global trade, food systems, global wealth creation, pandemics, refugees, etc.), where effects are intergenerational and full of moral hazard.
Would love to learn what percentage share of a population thinks globally and holistic in the following regions:
-USA
-Continental Europe
-UK
-Japan
-Singapore
-Scandinavia
If possible a breakdown of the generations would be fantastic. Especially Gen Z.
Appreciate research.
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Hi,
I am from Malaysia and interested to work with you on this project. Feel free to contact me or via email: kahchoon.15@gmail.com
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Hi frds,
after crossing the 1.5 degrees Celsius tipping point, where do you think is the next stationary equilibrium level and when will it be reached?
Research is ambiguous about it.
Cherish your views/research.
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Dear Thomas,
unfortunately, the increased use of the concept of "tipping points" in the Earth system over the past few years has led to some misunderstandings. Although often characterized as such, crossing the "magic" 1.5 K mark of anthropogenic warming as such does not constitute a fundamenral regime shift. It is simply a rough estimation of a line above which many Earth system components are believed to change in ways that would proove dangerously difficult for humans to adapt to with reasonable means. Physical tipping points do exist in several Earth system components such as the AMOC, Greenlandic and Antarctic ice sheets (to name some prominent examples). However, it is not the case that they will suddenly be triggererd, as it were, when the 1.5 K mark is crossed. However, they do constitute potential future tipping elements that one should keep watching with increasing concern. It is not possible, though, to give one single date or figure for a singular global tipping point (so to speak) in the Earth system triggered by anthropogenic warming. 1.5 °C is a rather arbitrary number when comparing the impacts in a 1.5 K world with that of a + 1.49 or 1.51 K Earth...
Best,
Julius
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Hi frds,
Looking for a realistic scenario assessing the impact of the decisions made on COP27 in reference to the annual CO2 emission for the next 10 years.
Cherish realistic input.
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As you may be aware, some months before a COP event, world countries are required to submit their carbon emission reduction pledges (Nationally Determined Contributions) to the UN FCCC. At the actual COP event world leaders tend to tweak these pledges but not by much. For example, in 2021 the UN FCCC calculated that the pre-COP26 countries' combined projected 2030 global emissions would be about 16% over the 2010 level. During COP26 world leaders tweaked this to about 13.7% over 2010 global emissions. (https://unfccc.int/news/cop26-update-to-the-ndc-synthesis-report)
This year, according to the September pre-COP 27 UNFCCC report, as at October 2022, the combined countries' projected emissions would bring 2030 global emissions to about 10% MORE than the 2010 level. (https://unfccc.int/news/climate-plans-remain-insufficient-more-ambitious-action-needed-now). So a slight improvement over what was promised last year. I haven't yet looked at what world leaders have pledged at COP27. But I hope that this time round they've promised to meaningfully reduce their up-to-now very unsatisfactory promises.
As you are probably aware, the IPCC experts have long been underlining that 2030 global emissions need to be about 45% LESS than 2010 global emissions for the world to stay within the safety upper global warming limit of 1.5 degree Celsius. So if world leaders have promised to aim for 2030 emissions that hover at 10% over 2010 levels, they really could've stayed home and saved the emissions generated to fly in all the delegations to Egypt. The world would've been better off if the the money spent on organising COP27 were given say to Egypt for using to boost its green transition.
According to the UN FCCC, the current emission pledges put the world on track "for around 2.5 degrees Celsius of warming by the end of the century."(https://unfccc.int/news/climate-plans-remain-insufficient-more-ambitious-action-needed-now)
Over the last decades, the forecasts of the UN FCCC and the IPCC have had one consistent mark, which is of giving conservative forecasts. While steeped in prudence, these conservative forecasts have time and again turned out to underestimate the extent of what pans out in reality.
A maybe more telling and unfortunately more chilling forecast is the highest emissions pathway scenario the IPCC gave in its August 2021 report on Climate, dubbed by UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres as "Code Red for Humanity." In this report, the IPCC forecasts that if CO2 emissions double from 2015 levels by 2050, the median global temperature increase would be of about 4.4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. I don't think that the IPCC chose this scenario haphazardly... If one looks back, one finds that CO2 emissions have actually doubled in the last 42 years... so basically in a coded way, is the IPCC saying that if we continue to double emissions at the same rate of these last decades, we're looking at a median global temperature increase of about 4.4 degrees Celsius? With a very likely range of 3.3 and 5.7 degrees Celsius.
Given all the above, I sadly have to conclude that COP events have not yielded the reductions we drastically and urgently need.
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Hi frds,
what set of values, ethics and mode of thinking do you think we need in order to survive beyond the next decades?
The same ones as before?
These values brought us here?
human-centric thinking?
Cherish your ideas.
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To both Andrew and Primus,..... maybe if we talk about intrinsic and instrumental desires/needs it might help to clarify points made by you both and I think would serve your respective positions very well.
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Hi frds,
Looking for an European csv, xlsx time series regarding the daily temperature for at least the last decade.
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Have you looked at EOBS ?
It is my "go to" source for European met data.
Martyn
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Indiscriminate use of synthetic chemical insecticides and climate change create severe problems to beneficial insects and residual problem in food material. To maintain the sustainability in aggro-ecosystem and agriculture sustainability IPM is must.
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@ Hem, integrated insect-pest management is important because it maintains the national crop ecosystem balance and contributes to food and water safety, as reducing the amount of pesticides used in turn reduces residues in food, feed and fiber, and environment.
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Hi frds,
given several endogenous and exogenous shocks at the same time, how can people be led to a new comfort zone, which is way off the old one (climate change, epidemiology, hunger, era of constraints, scarcity, huge debts, etc.)
Is this possible or should a separation equilibrium be sought after, as the majority pursues the road to disaster?
Open data, journalistic intermediation, and following trusted persons (Nr.1 of trusted qualified people: the fireman) clearly does not work.
Cherish your research.
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Such change is well documented in psychology. there have been many studies that have investigated how a minority can cause change in a majority. Moscovici 1969 in particular did much research. He found that there are 3 factors that are important. They are consistency, commitment and flexibility. Confidence in the correctness of one's own belief is also important.
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Almost all climate change was caused by developed country but both developed and developing countries suffer as a result of climate change! Is there any compensation mechanism established for developing country? If so, what are these mechanism? Was these mechanism started to operate?
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Climate change has been going on for 100's of thousands of years; this is nothing new!
Lou
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The Kyoto protocol failed, was it because it was not binding across the board? or because it had too many loopholes? or because the USA did not sign it or because it attempted a patch to a pollution emission problem instead of a fix?
What do you think?
Please express your own views so as to exchange ideas
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Good day Guoyu, thanks for writing.
After 1987 WCED "Our Common Future" we knew that social unsustainability (social pollution) and environmental unsustainability (environmental pollution) were clear signs the traditional market development model had not worked as expected so the WCED commission asked the world to go beyond business as usual to solve these pollution problems/internalized them once and for all.
In 1997 the world tried to deal with the environmental pollution part by addressing pollution emission issue, by not by setting up environmental pollution reduction markets(green markets) to transition the environmentally dirty economy to the clean economy, a full or dominant renewable energy based economy, but by dealing with emissions in a way that allows the dirty economy criticized by the WCED in 1987 to continue running..... When you deal with emission in a way to keep the dirty economy running you are not fixing the environmental pollution issue embedded in the traditional market pricing mechanism, you are just PATCHING the problem....
Because I saw the Kyoto protocol as a patching mechanism, not as an environmental fix to the traditional market way of thinking, I was expecting it to fail in the long term regardless as the environmental sustainability gaps created by the patch are delinked from the global warming goals/targets and you can have the situation that YOU ARE DOING SOMETHING yet the emission levels may still increase regardless, which is what happened here....
Emissions increasing despite the protocol can be explained by the fact that patching the emission problem while the dirty economy is still polluting is a good business opportunity for businesses as they can make money without taking full responsibility for the full environmental cost associated with their business activities….As long as they can pass the patching cost to consumers they are fine….and they were fine with the protocol until it failed…
Guoyu, as you may know the 1997 Kyoto agreement was reached, signed and failed.
So the question is “Looking back, why did the 1997 Kyoto protocol actually failed?”
Do you think that you can solve the pollution emission problem from inside the dirty economy while the pollution generation mechanism is still active?
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
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Hello dear colleagues
How I am exploring colling strategies in buildings against overheating impact of climate change in this regard, I wanted to know where can i download RCP 8.5 free which are valid and trust
best regard
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Thank you for your answer
In this regard, i wanted to know which weather parameter data should consider for exploring different type of colling systeem on climate change
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From November (6–18), in Egypt’s resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh, the world's leaders will gather for their fifth time on the same continent, Africa, that is vulnerable to climate change. We all know that this is the 27th meeting where world leaders and experts gather to plan how to attempt a global pandemic that has stayed in the public discourse for two and a half decades since COP1 in (Berlin, Germany, 1995). Climate change is an issue that is complicated to dissect by both the so-called experts and the states and institutions, just like it is for a local man who is merely represented in these discussions. The media has complicated it a little more. However, it has managed to bring the issue to the most local communities and people in countries that are vulnerable to this whole global pandemic. What does that "last man", the news listener or viewer, back in the rural community in the global south think about this whole issue that is being discussed on his or her behalf?
You are very welcome to give your views.
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Farmer usually observe all the climatic variability which generally we consider the effect of climatic change. They don't know much about this term but they know global warming and in true sense they know uncertainty related to agriculture crop. In my region (Uttarakhand, India), farmer usually tell about their past agriculture production, and now they observe the uncertainty in rainfall, dryness, etc.
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The adverse impacts of climate change have become more noticeable worldwide,
the evidence of which includes rising sea levels, melting glaciers, increasing
wildfires, and changing biodiversity, which have been observed all over the world. To respond
to climate change, all the parties (195 member countries) in the United Nations Framework
The convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) committed to the Paris Agreement in December
2015 with the aim of limiting global warming to well below 2 C above pre-industrial
levels and pursuing efforts to limit warming to 1.5 C. Notably, the Paris Agreement
provides an ambitious opportunity to consolidate the relationship between climate and
development. But we've recently observed drastic changes in the temperature level, droughts, and floods in many developed and developing countries. In this case, what do you think about the impact of gaining SDG goals where climate change is negatively affecting us?
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I suggest reviewing the following paper:
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What forms of external financing of pro-climate and pro-environmental economic ventures within the framework of green finance dominate now and will dominate in the future?
In recent years, various forms of financing pro-environmental business ventures within the framework of green finance have been growing in importance.
Within the framework of green financing of pro-environmental and pro-climate economic ventures, e.g. in the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, improvement of energy transmission and storage systems, development of sustainable organic agriculture, improvement of waste sorting and recycling systems, construction of wastewater treatment plants and recovery of clean water, development of electromobility, zero-energy construction, etc. Commercial banks offer green loans, internationally operating investment banks and investment funds provide financing combined with equity participation in green investment, enterprises and companies provide green loans to their subsidiaries, the state offers green subsidies offered by government agencies as part of programs to activate the green transformation of the economy. At the UN Climate Summit COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, which began on 6.11.2022, discussions are expected to focus on financial needs and commitments, financing pro-climate and pro-environmental business ventures within the framework of green finance, and shaping the tools needed to respond to the damage that climate change is causing. At the aforementioned COP27 Climate Summit in Egypt, delegates from nearly 200 countries are holding lectures and discussions on the issue of financial compensation to poor countries for the growing damage from global warming. This is a new topic on the agenda, appearing at the UN Climate Summit COP27 for the first time in a decade, i.e., since the start of such conferences and climate talks. At last year's UN Climate Summit COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland, one of the new topics and agreements was a commitment to end forest deforestation by the end of the current decade, i.e., by 2030. However, in connection with the new agenda topic that emerged at UN Climate Summit COP27, viz. the issue of financial compensation to poor countries for the growing damage of global warming is an important issue that needs to be elaborated is the identification of key sources of financing, types of external financing within the framework of green finance, clarification of the objectives of financial support, i.e. the key types of negative effects of the progressive global warming process in countries characterized by low levels of economic development, low incomes and the ability to implement pro-climate and pro-environmental economic projects on their own. First of all, most of the poor countries, characterized by low income and low level of economic development are located in the tropical and subtropical climate zones and therefore in zones particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. In these countries, the problem of droughts is intensifying, and they are becoming more severe and prolonged every year. Droughts, declining rainfall, declining supplies of clean water are serious problems for agriculture, causing a decline in the production of agricultural crops and a growing problem of food shortages. In a large part of the mentioned poor countries, large-scale predatory logging has been implemented in recent years, the scale of deforestation has significantly increased, including natural biodiverse forest ecosystems, various forest formations, including, among others, the largest natural complex of forest ecosystems, known as the lungs of the planet, i.e. the rainforests of the Amazon. In this regard, it is a necessary issue to increase the scale of international cooperation and assistance regarding the transfer of green technologies, capital to enable the pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy, the realization of sustainable development goals, the implementation of investments enabling the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, etc. Rich countries (mainly of the north, temperate climate zone), characterized by a high level of economic development, high incomes, high levels of productivity and equipment of production processes with modern technologies should help poor countries (of the south and the tropical, subtropical climate zone) to a greater extent, to reduce the scale of disparities, differentiation in the issue of sustainable development, activities and investments implemented to carry out pro-climate transformation of the economy and reduce the scale of the negative impact on the economy, agriculture and people of the progressive process of global warming and reduce the scale of the operation of the negative effects of this process. This is a key issue of international cooperation for the implementation of the concept of sustainable economic development, taking into account environmental, climate and energy policies on an international scale. The problem of global warming is a global problem and should be solved on a global scale through the development of international cooperation. This is part of the developing pro-climate and pro-environmental globalization.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
What forms of external financing for pro-climate and pro-environmental green finance business ventures are dominant now and will be in the future?
What forms of external financing of pro-climate and pro-environmental economic ventures within the framework of green finance currently dominate internationally?
What are the international forms of external financing of green economic transformation?
What do you think about this topic?
What is your opinion on this issue?
Please answer,
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Green external financing can be direct or indirect: Direct is a connection between two parties between borrowers and lenders without the intervention of a financial intermediary in exchange for credit risk guarantees, and the loan is in the form of financial instruments or direct securities such as green shares and bonds. And indirect green external financing is done through a financial intermediary such as commercial banks, insurance companies, savings and loan associations to finance green projects
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" """ What are the key issues under discussion?
Since 2015, under the legally-binding Paris Agreement treaty, almost all countries in the world have committed to:
  • Keep the rise in global average temperature to ‘well below’ 2°C, and ideally 1.5°C, above pre-industrial levels.
  • Strengthen the ability to adapt to climate change and build resilience.
  • Align finance flows with ‘a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development’.
The Paris Agreement has a ‘bottom-up’ approach where individual countries decide what action they will take.
" """
And this means that something very important to the climate change issue/environmental sustainability is missing since 2015 Paris agreement; and actually missing since 2012 Rio +20 decision of green market paradigm shift avoidance, and something which it is still missing in COP27.
Which raises the question, what is the COP process NOT about, including COP27?
Any ideas of something very important missing that the IPCC seems to leave out all the time when calling for action?
What do you think?
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Robert, since you do not see any problem with anthroprocentric pollution affecting climate change, then even if you want you can not see what those WHO see a problem with emmisions are missing.
Thank you for taking the time to comment anyway!
Lucio
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Both climate change adaptation and resilience models and frameworks are in practice. I would like to know what are the similarities and differences between these two frameworks in terms of theory and practice. More specifically, would like to know empirical evidence on what are the effectiveness and added values of each framework in programming.
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Hi Marzieh,
Saeid Charani Shandiz and Behzad Rismanchi have investigated in this field. It will be good if you contact them.
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i want to see long-term impacts of no-tillage on soil organic carbon and crop yield.
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Grand father of no till and tillage comparison are Ohio State University and Uruguay long term trials.
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please Share some interesting ideas and topics relating climate change, Ecological restoration and land use land cover change if possible .
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My 2002 proposal at https://www.ecoseeds.com/cool.html about taking care of Global Warming by replanting desert areas to increase rainfall, was adopted by the Saudi Government in August, 2010, and 200 million acres were set aside as Ecological Restoration Preserves. Story at https://www.ecoseeds.com/Saudi-note-final.pdf
Last year the "Saudi Green Initiative" got started to begin the planting of 10 billion trees, and today that Initiative was broadened and renamed at COP27 as the "Middle East Green Initiative".
Joining this morning and speaking at the opening session were Kuwait, China, India, Pakistan, Sudan, Morocco, etc.
Since you are in Pakistan, and your country has joined, maybe there could be some work to replant the Thal desert.
By putting a native cover back on the land and selling the carbon credits produced by the plants sequestering soil carbon, could allow the oil companies to sell Carbon Neutral oil, could make the people grazing that marginal area 10-20X their annual income per hectare.
That is what Occidental Petroleum did last year, they sold two million barrels of Carbon Neutral oil to India, after they bought carbon offsets to cancel out the carbon in the soil.
The opening of the Middle East Green Initiative today, used a similar set of two pictures from Saudi Arabia, as I have posted here from Oman. Have vegetation and you have rainfall. Little or no vegetation and little or no rainfall.
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Anybody who has experience with the R package heatwaveR? Is it a good tool for heatwave and coldspells? Any other tools for heatwave and coldspells simulation that you can recommend?
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ClimPact2 package can be best if you are familiar with R
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This is an Emergency Situation where Drought is hitting Europe, Along with Africa and other continents. We need crazy ideas, to overcome this critical problem.
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Yes, by desalination of the endless seawater. But do not let´s talk about the taste.
HGD
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Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not taken advantage of?
During the 1st wave of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in March 2020, the stock markets crashed. Energy and industrial commodities fell sharply on the commodity exchanges. A stock market crash also occurred on the stock markets. The main factor in the panic on the capital markets was the declaration of a global coronavirus epidemic, or pandemic state, by the World Health Organisation on 8 March 2020. This new term 'pandemic' itself created fear and uncertainty in the context of financial markets and economic processes. During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, there were also disruptions to international supply and supply logistics chains, government imposed quarantines and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy which increased the scale of the 2020 recession. As a result of these mainly interventionist actions by central institutions, a deep economic crisis emerged in 2020, the economy declined in many sectors of the economy, and economic process activity declined. The result of the decline in economic activity was a decrease in demand for raw materials, including energy raw materials. Due to the increase in remote working by employees of many companies from home, the use of cars, especially combustion cars, decreased. As a result, air quality and the state of the environment noticeably improved in 2020. In addition, opportunities have arisen to accelerate pro-climate transformation processes in the economy. Unfortunately, in many countries these opportunities have not been seized. For example, in the country where I operate during the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic (Covid-19), the government used printed money to provide financial public assistance to companies and enterprises operating in a wide variety of industries and sectors, not just those in lockdowns, on a historically record scale. Many companies and enterprises that were in good financial standing also benefited from these programmes of non-refundable financial subsidies, employee wage subsidies, tax relief, deferrals of contributions to the social security system and so on. The scale of the granted non-refundable public aid realised on the basis of printed money introduced extra-budgetarily by government funds created especially for this purpose was so large that inflation began to rise in Poland almost from the beginning of 2021. Citizens invested the extra, free money in shares and flats, which caused an increase in the prices of these assets. On the other hand, opportunities to accelerate the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy were missed by the government. Subsidies for the development of renewable energy sources were not increased and were even reduced on some issues. Since April 2022, the government has reduced subsidies and worsened the economic conditions for the installation of photovoltaic panels by citizens on the roofs of their houses. There is a lack of subsidies for insulating the facades of buildings and single-family houses, installing photovoltaics, installing heat pumps and other renewable energy solutions. Poland has still not met the European Union guidelines for receiving EU subsidies to finance projects that could be implemented under the National Reconstruction Programme. As a result, the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources has slowed down instead of accelerating as it could have done during the pandemic. Unfortunately, still the process of pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the energy sector is progressing much slower than it could if the issue of green transformation of the economy was not ignored in the political and business spheres in Poland. The result of these omissions, neglect and ignorance is the current low level of energy independence and security in Poland in the context of the currently developing energy crisis. The result of this neglect is also the poor air quality in Poland. Poland has one of the worst air quality in the world. Poland is one of the 3 countries in Europe with the highest mortality rate caused by poor air quality polluted with various toxins resulting mainly from the dominant dirty energy industry based on burning fossil fuels. In addition, even more negative consequences of these omissions, negligence and ignorance appear in the future, when the process of global warming will significantly accelerate in the next decades and lead to a worsening of the climate crisis and to a climate catastrophe, which may already occur at the end of this 21st century.
The potential for accelerating the processes of pro-climate transformation of the economy that occurred during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic was described in my publications, which I posted on my profile of this Research Gate portal after publication:
What does it look like in your country?
Did the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic potentially increase opportunities to accelerate processes of pro-climate and pro-environmental transformation of the economy, but unfortunately these opportunities were not used?
Please respond,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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In my opinion, I don't believe that Covid 19 pandemic potentially increased to accelerate pro-climate transformation processes in the economy rather increase in weather related disasters on a global scale has accelerated pro-climate transformation processes.
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Do you agree with me that we have to combat desertification in each of its locations in order to reduce severe climate changes and dust ؟
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Patterns of drought and deluge are common throughout history, but human-driven climate change is disrupting these cycles, making it more difficult to predict exactly how the current megadought in south-western North America will end...
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Hello, I want a weather generator that produces future climate data from 2022 to 2100, except (SDSM , LARS- WG) weather generator because they produce forecasts up to 2055 and I need to 2100, Can anyone recommend one to me?
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You can use CMIP6 model data. The historical data in CMIP6 is from 1850 to 2014, while the future model experiments are from 2015 to 2100.
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Climate change always seems to be about the impact of climate change on biodiversity. What if.....it is actually the change in biodiversity that is causing climate change. This almost seems to be a ridiculous argument, however we have related marine productivity to the oceans SML layer, and atmospheric water vapour pressure.
Could it be that the climate change model is completely wrong?
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We need to regenerate nature on land and marine life in the Oceans. Nature can be a solution to climate change. The work of Allan Savory is really interesting and makes biological sense.
We are never going to stop climate change by carbon mitigation, at best it may be slowed down, however I fear for Ocean acidification which will drop to pH7.95 in around 20 years. This will result in Aragonite saturation index below 1.5 which means most carbonate based life forms, composed of Aragonite and magnesium calcite will dissolve. This equates to around 50% of all life in the Oceans, its no wonder it is called the Evil Twin of climate change, but we are doing almost nothing to regenerate the oceans.
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Hello everyone, how is everything going on there? I hope you’re doing well. Currently, I'm gonna conduct a study about the role of breed, feed, health, and environment improvement on livestock productivity. However, I have a doubt which one is best to contribute to livestock productivity. I want to know the one that should be prioritized, and/or at least contribute in a high percentage. Nowadays, the livestock sector is being claimed as a driver of climate change and food security. Indeed, to enhance food security, it would be better to mitigate climate change while increasing livestock productivity. I believe that breed, feed, health, and environment should be improved before the commencement of animal production. Here, my question is as follows:
Which one of the following is best contributing to livestock productivity?
A. BREED B. FEED C. HEALTH D. ENVIRONMENT
NB: I highly appreciate and encourage you to provide your description with the potential evidence.
With kindest regards!
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Glad to have been of help.
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There are 3 possible perfect market ways to correct distorted traditional market pricing mechanisms, and therefore, there are 3 possible ways of perfect paradigm shift avoidance, which leads to three different types of dwarf markets. The most well-known type of perfect market paradigm shift avoidance is that of the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance that led to today’s dwarf green markets as instead of going green markets as expected the world went dwarf green market.
And this leads to the question; Does perfect market paradigm shift avoidance creates sustainability black holes?
I think yes, what do you think?
Please share your own views on the question.
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Dear Michael, please read the context on which the question is based to see the nature and consequences of paradigm shift avoidance. Then you can share your view on the answer to this specific question and why.
About your comment on economic revitalization in Nigeria, you may find some food for thoughts in the following article:
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what are the potential advers effects of climate change on health (country health/community health)?
how can the countries be ready to face these problems?
how can we correlate these effects with our health?
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Climate change is already impacting health in a myriad of ways, including by leading to death and illness from increasingly frequent extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, storms and floods, the disruption of food systems, increases in zoonoses and food-, water- and vector-borne diseases, and mental health issues.
Please see the link for further information.
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Hi frds,
Need a good weather probability calculator. Would like to calculate the probability of e.g. 10 degrees Celsius on a day above the average. Has anybody got good research/formulas?
Which distribution is assumed in the probability calculation? Normal one?
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One possible approach is presented in the attached word document
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Hi frds,
Given 50% renewables, how much Kilowatt per year is a single person allowed to consume in the Renaissance Societies? What is the average right now?
Restriction, not breaking 1.5 Celsius degrees, not even temporarily?
Cherish your feedback.
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Sorry, I was hoping to help you
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In a world of environmentally dirty markets, how we treat the pollution problem determines the nature of each market and its structure, which raises the question: Can you see the similarities and differences between Pollution production markets, Pollution reduction markets, and Pollution management markets?
Think about it, what do you think?
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Sharing here an article just published that some of you may find interesting in terms of foods for thoughts
Sustainability thoughts 140: How can the consequences of the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance move that led to the world of dwarf green markets of today be highlighted, including the green Marxism threat?
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How the proxy data (from lacustrine records) are useful to validate climate models for future climate predictions?
Any suggestion would be great.
Thank you
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Proxy data (e.g. lacustrine) can be used to generate proxy temperature and precip. data for past periods, and they can conceivably be compared with historical simulations by climate models for validation purposes, especially for times before ~1950, i.e., before good observational networks were established to provide more direct validation. Those lacustrine records, however, don't have much to say about future climate. Any validation would be over historical times, and if the models perform okay for past climate, then confidence should be increased in their future projections.
See for info. on how to calibrate your lacustrine data. It looks like there are lots of tricky subtleties involved!
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There are 10 planetary boundaries, some of which have already been breached. It is the climate change, the rate of loss of biological diversity, nitrogen cycle, weakening of the ozone layer, ocean acidity, lack of drinking water, intensive use of soil, growth of aerosols in the atmosphere, chemical pollution.
Can science and technology save the world?
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23 October MMXXII
No...
Cordially...
ASJ
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Totally tech savvy AI, AR, ML, smartphone 24/7 scaled globally and for recreation gaming:
Is this feasible, given climate change?
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Rafael Dean Brown This is a multilayered topic: demand, business, design, UX, future tech, etc. It could be simplified to become a design and architecture-dependent question, of course. Relevant topics: Do current technological capabilities allow solutions to be designed with these aspects in mind? Yes. Is it possible to extend solutions in this direction? Yes. Is it commercially viable at the moment? Not sure.
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If possible How Ecological restoration could be related to Climate Change OR Land Use Change ?
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Maybe you can try coral reef restoration if you're interested in marine ecology:
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In a world with two components, the economy and the environment such as the world of environmentally dirty markets, the nature of each components in any model determines the nature of that market, which raises the question: How can the market structure of Pollution production markets, Pollution reduction markets, and Pollution management markets be represented analytically?
Think about it, what do you think?
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Good day Yusuf, thank you for writing.
The context on which this question is based is:
“In a world with two components, the economy and the environment such as the world of environmentally dirty markets, the nature of each component in any model determines the nature of that market…”
And based on this context the question is: How can the market structure of Pollution production markets, Pollution reduction markets, and Pollution management markets be represented analytically?
They are 3 different types of markets, different model/market structure, different price structure, different choice structure, and different cost structure. But the question for simplicity is focused only on their different market structure and how to represent it analytically...
If you would like to share your ideas on how this question can be answered, please do it.
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
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We know that the increasing frequency and severity of climate change phenomena while we are under dwarf green market based environmental pollution management will sooner or later lead to green Marxism challenges to dwarf green capitalism as a way to protect nature from capitalism and restore it.
We know the structure and meaning of red socialism and of green Marxism, but what about that of yellow Marxism or socio-environmental socialism or yellow manifesto, which raises the question; What is the structure and meaning of yellow Marxism/yellow socialism?
What do you think?
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Your statement Harry, ""Well, Lucio, I did NOT answer your question “What is the structure and meaning of yellow Marxism/yellow socialism?” because, based on what you have said so far, I cannot understand the question."
You could have said what you thought from your point of view the structure and meaning of yellow marxism/yellos socialism was or is, not based on what I said as Harish did, and I would have then tried to share ideas,
I am here in good faith to exchange ideas, not to convert anyone.
It is fine Harry, let's leave it here. I will leave it here.
Respectfully yours:
Lucio
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Hello
Good time
Please suggest the latest and most interesting subject to be investigated in the field of the relationship between climate change and violence in rural areas and among farmers.
Thanks
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Violence has nothing to do with external factors. It arises from the heart of men - Matthew 15:19 in the Bible :)
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Climate change is a real challenge to humanity and it is getting the necessary attention. Scientists and leaders are looking for adaptation strategies to reduce the impacts of climate risks, which is the right thing to do.
To me, population growth is the other real and important challenge to humanity and ecological sustainability. However, I always fail to understand why scientists and global leaders are not paying the necessary attention to this issue and not allocating adequate resources to proper regulation before it is too late. What are your thoughts on this matter?
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I totally agree Rahim Alijani
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Have you bought groceries or food lately? Have you noticed that the cost of items that form part of the production cost of the product or service you are buying, like plastic bags or food containers that once were free pollution, are now being charge extra to consumers when buying passing to them the apparent environmental responsibility of dealing with them, but the extra money now you are required to pay for the same plastic bags/containers goes directly to the company profits, not to any private nor government nor even to the same company recycling program as perhaps there is none. And governments seem to be okay with this new practice which is now spreading from major corporations to small businesses leaving consumers with no protection.
In a sense, dwarf green markets provide a cover for companies to pass their cost of production plus the “green grab” to consumers usually without having to disclose in advertising what they are doing so, a kind of deceiving as if those items cost more to companies now increasing their production costs that way, then they should increase the prices of their products or services instead, giving that way the option to consumers to buy at a higher price or not.
So consumers pay more, but their extra pay has not clear environmental benefits from consuming at a higher price, which raises the question, under dwarf green markets are consumers currently being scammed by the business community?
What do you think? Please detail your own view.
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Dear Lucio,
Yes, under dwarfing green markets, consumers are now often misled and/or deceived. For example, food sold in supermarkets as being made from the raw materials of crops grown in fields under a sustainable, pro-environmental organic farming formula and unfortunately this is not always true. This is due to the low level of public awareness of farming according to the formula of sustainable, pro-environmental organic farming and to imperfect quality control systems and ecological issues. Besides, why is it that the costs of using plastic in packaging are still being passed on to consumers and not fully borne by producers. The costs of using plastics in packaging are not only production costs, but also costs resulting from environmental pollution by microplastic particles, costs for the treatment of diseases resulting from environmental pollution, costs related to waste sorting and recycling. Another issue is the increasing practice of companies, businesses, banks and other economic operators to portray themselves in advertising campaigns as economic operators who operate in accordance with business ethics, pro-environmental and pro-climate corporate responsibility, pursue sustainable development goals, applying the principles of the green closed-circuit economy, when this is often not entirely true. In this way, consumers operating in dwarfed pseudo-green markets are misled. Consumers buy products and services on the assumption that they are thus part of a growing sustainable, green, emission-free, pro-environmental closed-loop economy. They purchase products and services offered by economic operators who advertise themselves as companies, firms, banks, etc. that have sustainability, green economy, climate change, etc. as part of their mission. However, the data describing the overall activities of these economic operators show that these issues of sustainability, green economy, pro-climate transition often represent only a small part of their activities and not the whole. Consumers do not have the time or opportunity to verify this. It is therefore necessary to strengthen the control systems carried out by the state's public institutions. Another issue is the pro-climate transformation of the energy sector. Due to the current energy crisis, instead of accelerating the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources, it is the state that is taking a step backwards and developing subsidy systems for rising fossil fuel prices, thus again supporting the development of dirty, emission-intensive energy based on burning fossil fuels. In addition, over the last few years there has been an anti-climate and anti-environmental policy of deliberately slowing down, restricting or blocking the development of renewable and emission-free energy sources. This is the case, for example, in the country where I operate. In view of the above, unfortunately, green markets are still imperfect, overrated and lacking systemic state control.
Warm regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Please, I need, if available, some important research papers which relate the theory of dynamical systems to climate change. Also, in general, I know there are a lot of published research articles that relate dynamical systems to many applications. But, are there papers that research centers and governments depend on that before taking any procedures? I mean, are there papers, especially on climate change and the environment, which are not only in theory but have practical applications?
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Fellow researcher,
Chaos theory, which is a branch of dynamical systems was founded by the study of the Lorenz attractor (butterfly diagram). Edward Lorenz was a meteorologist and this attractor was introduced by him as a consequence of its simplified mathematical model for atmospheric convection. So yes, climate study and dynamical systems are interlinked since the beginning and I recommend Strogatz's "Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos" for a overview with applications to climate change or "Nonlinear Dynamics in Weather and Climate" for a more specialized text. It is worth to mention that climate change also involve stochastic processes so consulting also works like "Stochastic resonance in climatic change" is important for you repertoire.
Which you have fun and have success in your studies.
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I am looking for a table where, for each habitat type (EUNIS, Corine land classes) there is an averaged amount of carbon retention per unit area. The region to analyze is Portugal, therefore an European-wide list would fit.
Anyone knows if these data are available?
Thanks in advance.
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I'm doing research for my degree thesis in architecture on the urban heat islands of the city of Naples - Italy.
I'm reclassifying the Land surface temeperature map in gis and I am looking for a method to classify the temperatures on the ground in a precise way, according to the classes that allow me to locate the heat islands.
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Cara Rosa,
There are no universal thresholds to classify urban heat islands because each city will experience its own specific climate and environmental constraints. Since you are dealing with a single city, I suggest you start by determining the lowest and the highest temperatures in your data set, and then divide that range (Tmax - Tmin) in 3 equal intervals. For instance, if Tmin = 18 and Tmax = 24, your intervals would be 18 to 20, 20 to 22 and 22 to 24 C. In that case, all areas falling in the lower interval could be labeled 'cool', the areas falling in the next class could be called 'warm', and those belonging to the higher interval could be indicative of 'hot' conditions.
You should make sure that your data set covers a region around the city large enough to include agricultural fields or forests: those areas would provide you with a baseline environmental temperature away from the urban center. An obvious extension of this approach would be to map the city areas in single degree intervals, from blues through to greens, yellows, oranges and red. That will clearly indicate which areas are hotter.
A better approach would be to start from a preliminary question: why do you need to make a map of the urban heat island effect of Naples in the first place? If you were concerned by the health effect of temperature on morbidity and mortality of the inhabitants, for instance, then your temperature thresholds should be driven by medical rather than purely statistical considerations. Similarly, if your underlying concern were energy expenditures (cooling during the summer or heating during the winter), then your thresholds should relate to the corresponding critical rates of energy expenditure. In other words, your approach should depend on your ultimate goal.
Remember also that
- the urban heat island is quite time-dependent: it varies with cloudiness and synoptic conditions such as sea-breeze on a daily time scale, it is much more noticeable during the winter than the summer, and it may evolve on longer time scales, depending on the rates of urbanization and industrialization;
- land surface temperature is quite dependent on altitude, so you might want to acquire a topographic map of your area and look at the correlation between these two parameters;
- a land use map of the region will be useful to properly interpret your results, as the hotter area may not be the city center but some industrial area, depending on their relative rates of energy consumption.
I hope these comments may help you in your work. Michel.
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Hi everyone! Are there any methods, theories or determinants in assessing the level of capacity and resilience in floating communities (buoyant settlements/ static elevated settlements).
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Dear Jack,
just to add to the previous answers, there are various approaches for capacity and resilience in the literature, based on engineering, ecological definitions, static or dynamic measures (including functions of the system's performance, adaptive and withstanding capacity, transformability), recovery-related metrics, hazard-based definitions, and also statistical metrics (e.g. the Hashimoto resilience). So, I'd make a review on such approaches and then try to find which one(s) suits best and is more meaningful for the specific problem you are studying.
Hope this helps,
Angelos
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The choices usually in conflict are, should we fix the root cause of the problem or should we just manage the problem?
The case of the pandemic shows that there were those who opposed the solution of the problem with Covid 19 vaccines to attack the root cause (the virus) of the problem to minimize severity of infection or chances of hospitalization or changes of death; and those who just wanted the Covid 19 to be managed in such a way as to facilitate the reaching of natural immunity regardless of death levels or severity of consequences of just managing the Covid 19 problem.
In the case of the Covid 19 problem most countries if not all, chose to attack the root cause problem with the vaccine.
In the case of the environmental pollution problem, the international and local community is focused since 2012 on managing the pollution generation problem instead of fixing the root cause of the pollution generation problem(distorted market prices).
In the case of the pollution generation problem most countries if not all, chose to avoid fixing the root cause pollution generation problem with green markets in 2012 as the environmental cost internalization as vaccine, and went instead with the way of managing the pollution generation problem with environmental pollution management based markets.
And this raises the question, is the goal of dwarf green markets like climate change markets to reach a level of natural environmental immunity locally and globally through pollution management? While leaving the root cause of the pollution generation problem unfixed?
What do you think? Yes, then why? No, then why not?
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Dear Lucio Muñoz,
I will also answer your question by referring to the economic crisis indirectly caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic in 2020. When the World Health Organization announced the state of a global epidemic at the beginning of March 2020, i.e. of the pandemic, the reaction of the financial markets was too nervous, too deep, too exaggerated. The behavior of stock exchange investors and the speculation of large financial institutions worked. Some governments fearing that there would be a shortage of beds in hospitals for seriously ill people with Covid-19 introduced lockdowns, which caused serious economic problems in many industries and sectors of the economy. In order for these decisions not to cause protests from the public, the government granted non-returnable subsidies to business entities on the basis of printed money in the public finance system cooperating with the central bank. These actions started an increase in inflation in 2021. Now, when we ask whether lockdowns have been applied to selected sectors of the economy in the context of rapidly developed vaccines and the scale of the severely ill with Covid-19 population and deaths from Covid-19 and comorbidities, different answers are coming up. The difference between the so-called the health crisis caused by the pandemic announced by the WHO and the climate crisis is that the pandemic appeared suddenly and was something new, and the climate crisis is being realized as a long-term, multi-year process. An interesting point is that so far WHO has not lifted the pandemic state, despite the fact that in many countries the pandemic has already been replaced with a state of increased virological risk, the anti-pandemic restriction has been lifted, the number of people seriously ill with Covid-19 has significantly decreased and the government has already recognized other problems as more important, which should be solved systematically and with the use of funds from the public finance system of the state. Such problems are currently double-digit and still growing inflation, and raised interest rates. by central banks and the economy entering a recession, energy crisis, food crisis, climate crisis. However, now referring to your question, I state that what you define as dwarf green markets, i.e. incomplete application of sustainability, pro-environmentalism, pro-climate in economic policy, is a kind of prosthesis of actions that should be implemented as part of a full pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy and are not realistically implemented. The reason is resistance in the spheres of business and politics, the lobby of large mining, mining and energy companies, as well as refineries operating in the sector or for the benefit of the dirty combustion energy sector. These sectors are key factors in slowing down the green transformation. Therefore, instead of fully carrying out the pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the classic growth, brown, linear surplus economy into a sustainable, green, zero-emission, zero-growth economy and a circular economy, prostheses of these processes are created, i.e. what you refer to as dwarf green markets. Thus, a short-sighted approach still prevails instead of long-term and strategic planning. Ad hoc measures are still being taken instead of introducing profound changes in the area of ​​pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy. The problem is still being swept under the rug instead of solving the problem in a multi-faceted manner and reaching the source of the problem. Contrary to the situation from the 1st wave of the pandemic (spring 2020), we know what to do in terms of the pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy, but we still do not fully do it, assuming that it will be done somehow. On the other hand, there is little time for a full pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy, thanks to which it would be possible to significantly slow down the global warming process, which has been progressing since the first industrial revolution and accelerating in recent years, and to significantly reduce the scale of the potential negative effects of the climate catastrophe, which may already appear in the current XXI century. In this way, instead of carrying out a complete, thorough (with reaching the source of the problem and taking into account a long-term strategy) pro-environmental and pro-climate transformation of the economy, prostheses of this process are created and dwarf green markets are created as you have described it. For example, companies and enterprises add to their missions and development strategies the issues of achieving the goals of sustainable development, pro-environmental and pro-climate responsibility of business, although they do not really do much in this matter. They present their new green missions in advertising campaigns with their new product and service offers, because they see that the level of pro-environmental awareness of citizens, i.e. their potential customers, is growing. On the other hand, penalties for introducing toxic waste into the natural environment, for CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, for poisoning the natural environment and increasing the incidence of various diseases occurring in humans and animals, etc., are not always allocated to solving these problems, to increasing the scale activities implemented under the environmental and pro-climate policy. Probably many people still do not realize that it is not much time left.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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As a consequence of the 2012 green market paradigm shift avoidance all countries are left on their own to address the environmental crisis without a common green market framework to promote, expand, and nurture economic activity systematically.
All countries are following different versions of dwarf green markets and different definitions of green, some of them that are inconsistent with green market thinking, but politically viable....But politically viable, does not make it right as when you burn the gas you get CO2.....
For example, the EU came out with the definition of "green gas" to solve a political problem, in an environmentally unfriendly manner.. Now the US came out with the definition of "polluting gas" as CO2 from burning it is air pollution to address a political problem, but in an environmentally friendly way…. and this raises the question, .Who is wrong: The EU / Green gas or the USA / Polluting gas?.
What do you think?
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Dear friends, some of you may find some good food for thoughts in this article just published. Here sharing it in good faith.
Sustainability thoughts 139: How can the 2012 road to transition from environmental pollution based traditional economies to the environmentally clean economies that the world never built be pointed out?
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Any ideas? What do you think?
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Climate change is broad, it encompasses more than Green market
So it's will be difficult for the two to go at the same level
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Climate Change, Rainfall, Hydrological Cycle, Groundwater Recharge, Water Scarcity, Shallow Aquifers.
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climate change > rainfall > groundwater recharge > shallow aquifers
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United Nations reports seem to indicate that we are not going to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals for three reasons: - climate change, - War in Ukraine - Covid
What do you think?
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We can only do our best. Covid will be gone soon, wars end and we can try hard to reduce climate change :)
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Hi everyone,
I'm working on a research project on building performance under climate change scenarios. Does anyone know where can I get the future climate data in .EPW format for both typical and extreme weather files based on the IPCC climate change scenarios AR5 or AR6 in the US region?
Thanks a lot for your time,
With regards,
Ahmad Faiz Khan
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I think Yes, what do you think?
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You are an original thinker and researcher; I have taken your works on sustainability into account. Astronomy replaced astrology, chemistry replaced alchemy; the same process is currently in the making, with respect to social science: what is now understood as economics (mainly a mathematized derivate of private wealth accumulation and subsequent management practices) will be replaced by a more scientific model of human economic action, cleaned up from ideological wishlists. I do regard the profound study of other authors as a precondition of learning, dear Lucio Muñoz Most of my articles and books, i.e. my own work and views, are on my RG account (e.g.
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Hi frds,
any comparative research about the differences and breadth of the ecology movements in the mid-70s-early 80s vs now available?
Where is the difference in socio-cultural typology clusters, age, gender, and socialization background?
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This not research, but rather, personal observation, having earned my MS in Ecology in 1978. Climate change was not even a topic, except in a theotetical sense. There was more emphasis on basic science and less on applied, more conservation, less restoration. There was no GIS. Remember, this was before the advent of the personal computer. To construct and test a systems model, you had to write code to punch cards and get in line to use the mainframe. I don't ever remember hearing the terms: landscape ecology, patchiness, fragmentation, human ecology. Here is an exercize for you. Assemble a glossary of commonly used terms in the field of ecology and find when they first appeared in the literature. I think you will find that a large percentage appeared after 1990.
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How can instruments and systems for the conservation of nature, the biosphere, the highly biodiverse coral reef ecosystems of the seas and oceans be improved?
The ongoing process of global warming is also causing, among other things, an increase in the temperature of the seas and oceans. This increase in temperature and the increase in the scale of water pollution in the seas and oceans is causing the death of coral reefs, which have formed over millions of years and have developed the most biodiverse ecosystems of the seas and oceans.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
How can instruments and systems for the conservation of nature, of the biosphere, of the highly biodiverse coral reef ecosystems of the seas and oceans be improved?
What is your opinion on this?
What do you think about this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dariusz Prokopowicz : Firstly, Coral reefs systems consist of both coldwater/deepsea corals, and tropical coral reefs with associated ecosystems of mangroves, seagrass beds, etc. Hence, anthropogenic causes (including IPCC's position that climate change is mainly due to anthropogenic GHGs emissions) of the deteriorating conditions of these coral reefs can differ. For example, deepsea corals which are NOT zooxanthellae-linked located off New Zealand or off the Nordic margin (off Norway) etc are threatened by oil & gas drillings and activities. The tropical coral reefs and associated ecosystems are damaged, inter alia, by coastal areas development (cities, military bases, unsustainable agriculture/aquaculture, tourism, etc, contributing to actual reefs physical destruction and via pollutants such as plastics, chemicals, fertilizers and sediments runoffs changes etc), Oil & Gas activities, Oil spills, submarine cables laying, military activities, pollutions, shipping activities such as garbage/pollutants dumping, ship-groundings; tourists' activities (e.g. inexperienced tourists/snorkelers/divers accidentally breaking the corals, destructive fishing practices such as bottom trawling and fish-bombing, strong waves during hurricanes, and high sea surface temperature (SST) that can lead to bleachings, etc. (Keep in mind the Great Barrier Reef has recently been reported to recover well).
Hence, the ways to address the coral reefs decline are also diverse, and can be very site-specific.
Instruments and systems for marine biodiversity conservation in the face of global warming can be at various levels e.g. legal :
International level: multilateral environmental agreements, IMO Rules and Procedures, etc, soft laws such as Rio Declaration, etc
Regional level: Regional organizations or IO, Regional Fisheries Management Organizations, etc
National and local level: national laws, municipal or local government laws and town planning, etc
The instruments and systems can be vastly improved with, among others:
Honest co-operation using, inter alia, precautionary, fair and equitable principles, common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR), with sufficient funding and technical assistance, technology transfer for the poorer tropical countries to conserve marine biodiversity, respecting indigenous peoples and local communities rights (conservation for the people, with the people), and the special situation of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) and developing countries most impacted by climate-related sealevel rise, and coastal floodings, etc.
There is no fair sense in making the economically-challenged developing countries (sans adequate funding/tech assistance) to carry out the huge obligations as proposed in the CBD draft Global Biodiversity Framework Target 3 etc currently being negotiated, for resolving global problems such as climate change and associated biodiversity loss that IPCC had stated was due to mainly historic anthropogenic GHGs emissions (by developed countries). Lessons learn from the Aichi Targets failures (also SDG failures) due to lack of sufficient funding and tech assistance should not be repeated.
Hence, one of the ways to improve is to ensure at all MEAs negotiations, Developed Countries shall also shoulder the obligations for global biodiversity conservation, showing honest co-operation for fair and equitable outcomes.
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I think Yes, what do you think?
Please provide your own views on the question.
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Red socialism a la Karl Marx aimed at the end of pure capitalism(profits/growth the problem destroying society), social equality without freedom, Opium here religion.
Green socialism a la Karl Marx aims at the end of dwarf green captalism(profits/growth the problem destroying nature), environmental equality without freedom, Opium here is green marketwashing and dwarf green market development goals and policies
Your comments are inconsistent with your answer YES
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I think Yes, what do you think?
Please provide your own views on the question
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Dear Lucio,
Yes, but unfortunately only in theory at the moment. In order for the socio-economic system built on the model of full green, pro-environmental, pro-climate socialism based on a sustainable, green circular economy to be successful in comparison with (as you call it) dwarf green capitalism, it is necessary to significantly increase the pro-environmental awareness of citizens and significantly increase the scale of creation and implementation of new eco-innovations and green technologies on an industrial scale, thanks to which it will be possible to significantly accelerate the efficient implementation of the process of pro-environmental transformation of the classic growth, brown, linear excess economy into a sustainable, green, zero-emission zero-growth economy and a circular economy, and to build a system of economically profitable, pro-environmental and pro-climate economic ventures.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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I think No, what do you think?
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Felipe, good day.
Since you are interested in the idea, I am sharing here in good faith some thoughts even though this will move attention away from the relevant question at hand.
The following concepts are relevant directly or indirectly to the question at hand: environmentally dirty markets, environmentally clean markets, environmental pollution reduction markets, environmental externality management based markets, green markets, dwarf green markets, and renewable energy technology gap.
This knowledge allows us/me to frame the road to transition from environmentally dirty economies to environmentally clean economies understanding that there is an environmental externality problem separating them, which needs to be fixed.
As you may know in 2012 the world went the way of managing that externality problem instead of fixing, a situation we have today, which has led to extreme dependency on non-renewable in those countries who avoided the green market paradigm shift in 2012, which in turns led to an increase in value and revenue for those owners of non-renewable energy. Had we gone green markets and had we invested heavily and systematically in closing the renewable energy technology gap, then dependency and the value of non-renewable resources would have gone down while making money through pollution reduction planning, a win-win for the economy and the environment….The pain of deep dependency on non-renewable energy because of green market paradigm shift avoidance and transition from dirty to clean economy avoidance becomes clear when there are disruptions on the supply of non-renewable, including wars or trade disputes or natural disasters, which has negative social, economic and environmental impacts.
As those concepts are not yet well-known, I am working on a series of papers to help spread them, one of those papers on the road to transition from dirty to clean economies is almost done, just the reference part is missing. I will share it as soon as it is published.
Have a nice day
Lucio
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The SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic has, in some respects, through interrupted chains of international supply and supply logistics, reduced the scale of economic globalisation processes. On the other hand, the need for the development of remote Internet communication has increased due to the introduction of home quarantine periods and lockdowns imposed on selected sectors of the economy in 2020. Consequently, the scale of internetisation and digitalisation of various aspects of business conducted by companies and enterprises has increased. As a result of the growth of the Internet, the importance of information globalisation has increased in terms of remote Internet-based communication. In a multi-year perspective, the importance of environmental and pro-climate globalisation may increase in the future. In view of the above, how else will globalisation processes change in this decade of the 21st century? Will the current energy crisis, the unfolding food crisis, the migration crisis
What is your opinion on this?
What is your opinion on this topic?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Over the past decades, a number of sources of globalization have emerged. One of them is technological progress, which has led to a sharp reduction in transport and communication costs, a significant reduction the costs of processing, storing and using information.
The second source of globalization is trade liberalization and other forms of economic liberalization that have curtailed protectionist policies and made world trade freer. As a result there were tariffs have been substantially reduced, and many other barriers to trade in goods and services have been removed. Other liberalization measures have led to an increase in the movement of capital and other factors of production.
The third source of globalization can be considered a significant expansion of the scope of organizations, which became possible both as a result of technological progress and wider horizons of management on basis of new means of communication. Thus, many companies that previously focused only on local markets have expanded their production and marketing capabilities, reaching the national, multinational, international and even global level.
Globalization brings not only benefits, it is fraught with negative consequences or potential problems, which some of its critics see as a great danger.
One of the main problems is related to the question: who benefits from globalization? In fact, most of the benefits are rich countries or individuals. The unfair distribution of the benefits of globalization gives rise to the threat of conflicts at the regional, national and international levels.
The second problem is related to potential regional or global instability due to the interdependence of national economies at the global level. Local economic fluctuations or crises in one country may have regional or even global implications.
The third set of problems posed by globalization is caused by the fear that control over the economies of individual countries may shift from sovereign governments to other hands, including the most powerful states, multinational or global corporations and international organizations.
Because of this, some see globalization as an attempt to undermine national sovereignty. For this reason, globalization can make national leaders feel helpless before its forces, and the electorate - antipathy towards her. Such sentiments can easily turn into extreme nationalism and xenophobia with calls for protectionism, lead to the growth of extremist political movements, which is potentially fraught with serious conflicts.
The problem generated by globalization - the infringement of national sovereignty and the independence of political leaders - can also be largely resolved on the basis of international cooperation, for example, by a clear delineation of the powers of the parties, i.e. national governments and their leaders, on the one hand, and international organizations and multinational or global corporations, on the other. The very involvement of political leaders in building the necessary institutions to deal with these and other globalization-related issues will help them regain the sense that they are in control of their future and in control of their positions in the world.
Globalized world. In the meantime, unfortunately, the world is moving in the opposite direction, along the path of political and military dictate of a strong
weak, that in the context of globalization of all aspects of the life of the world community, it is fraught with a global confrontation.
The current crisis of the Western economy is not a recession because it is not cyclical and is not limited to 12-16 months. What is happening in the US and Europe today is a structural crisis, a process that began in the fourth quarter of 2021 and will continue for at least five years without interruption. However, the West does not understand the causes and essence of the crisis, because they do not have theories describing it. That is why, according to the economist, the American and European authorities are doing stupid things instead of effective measures to resolve problems.
It was impossible to avoid this crisis, because they went too far. They have expanded private consumption so much that they can no longer keep it. You need to name the main number. There is an indicator in the United States that they do not disclose in public discussion: this is the level of price growth for all industrial goods, not only for final goods entering the wholesale trade, but in general for everything, from raw materials to the final product. For the first time, the rise in prices for manufactured goods exceeded the level of the late 1970s. The previous peak was at the end of 1947. There are 23 with something percent.
The entire system of socio-political management in the West, both in the USA and in Europe, is built through representatives of the middle class, qualified consumers. Today this instrument is being destroyed. Instead of the middle class, new poor people appear, who have a middle-class attitude, but they have no money.
The sanctions pressure on Russia has exacerbated the economic problems of the West. European financiers note that EU politicians are afraid to take responsibility for decisions taken under the slogans of transatlantic solidarity and assistance to Ukraine.
In fact, this whole situation with global confrontation and the breakdown of the dollar system is disastrous for the United States not by economic factors, but by intellectual ones. Roughly speaking, Washington will undoubtedly lose to Moscow only because the US does not even have a concept of a plan to solve the colossal economic problems and save the dollar system.
Intellectual life in the US and Russia goes in opposite directions. The US has nothing left for a long time. There, no one can imagine even a weak positive scenario. The complete absence of any thought, not to mention the concept.
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I think No, what do you think?.
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Good day Ciprian, thank you for writing.
The question is "Are dwarf green markets environmental pollution reduction markets?"
I think No, what do you think?
Keep in mind, there are green markets and there are dwarf green markets, and the question relates to dwarf green markets.
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In your opinion, What is the impact of climate change on the long-term grazing capacity of mountain range lands?
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Ultimately it will imbalance the health of grassland ecosystem.
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What is the impact of climate change on the long-term grazing capacity of mountainous range lands?
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Ultimately there will be less production of grasses due to climate change
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There is a serious push in the USA right now August 2022 to save the trees on government land from logging by executive order or by law under the stressor that “Saving the trees that belong to society cost nothing”. And this means the land use called protected use costs nothing,
And this raises the question, Does the protection of trees/forest land under government ownership cost nothing to society?
What do you think?
Please share your own views on the use protection question.
Note: this is an academic question, not a political one.
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Dear Geoff, we have gone off the relevant question here, so this will be my last comment to your outside the question comments….
With respect to your previous comments and the current comments….
You original comments and critic of the working of the traditional market and its negative social and environmental consequences are consistent with my point of view because that means that we have been trying to use a distorted market in environmental terms to address environmental problems, a big inconsistency. However since GDP thinking is part of the distorted traditional market thinking, then unless it is made consistent with the relevant environmental sustainability problem like green GDP produced by green market growth where green producers and green consumers meet at the green market price, then the GDP based on distorted thinking is also distorted….
So to move the status quo forward we need to thinking outside the box, beyond the traditional economic box
Before the Brundtland Commission report in 1987 I was thinking about how to correct the distorted traditional market model to transition it from a fully dirty market nature to a fully clean market nature using sustainability thinking, and then the commission formally called for correcting the social and environmental issues associated with the traditional market development model…. Then I realized that since 1776 to 1987 most economists knew or should have known the assumption of environmental and social neutrality assumptions and the assumption of population dynamic neutrality assumptions in the long term were going to lead to over production, over consumption and over population problems, but they remained silent. So I started a one man project to slowly but sure document the short comings of the traditional market models in simple terms and shared ideas on how to go beyond traditional business as usual model as the Brundtland commission asked in terms of red market thinking, green market thinking and sustainability market thinking….. Then came, Kyoto protocol, then came 2012 Rio +20 and the supposed move to green markets, then came the world of dwarf green markets a la environmental externality management and the flipping of traditional perfect market thinking…..And with all those events came paradigm shift knowledge gaps that needed to be closed….
Below I shared some of my articles related to the issues described above with some good food for thoughts on beyond business as usual
Did Adam Smith Miss the Chance to State the Goal and Structure of Sustainability Markets in His Time? If Yes, Which Could Be Some of the Possible Reasons Behind That?
What If Markets Have Always Been Distorted? Would It Then Be a Good Fix to Add Fair Trade Margins to Correct Distorted Agricultural Market Prices?
Complex and Man-made Markets: Are We Currently Approaching Sustainability in a Backward and More Chaotic Way in Terms of Economic Thinking?
Beyond Traditional Market Thinking: What is the Structure of the Perfect Green market?
Sustainability thought 165: How can we show that the overpopulation framework a la ecological overshoot is a subset of the most distorted market price possible framework? What are the main implications of this?
From Traditional Markets to Green Markets: A Look at Markets Under Perfect Green Market Competition
Sustainability thoughts 126: Are environmental externality management based production and consumption bundles inconsistent with green pareto efficiency and with pareto efficiency principles at the same time? If yes, why?
The Flipping of Traditional Economic Thinking: Contrasting the Working of Dwarf Green Market Thinking with that of Green Market Thinking to Highlight Main Differences and Implications