Climate Change - Science topic
Climate Change is an any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Questions related to Climate Change
Dear RG memebers
Is the effect of climate change on groundwater visible and can it be quantified?
It seems that the effect of human activity ( deforestation, overexploitation of groundwater, irrigational activity, etc ) ate easly observable and can be quantified than the effect of climate change on groundwater. What is your idea and research experiances on it?
I hope you have a good time.
I work on a research project about temperature indices. Due to the high number of indices, I only work on tables and maps on an annual time scale. In other words, I do most of my analysis for the annual time scale. Now I want to draw a box plot for studied indices. It should be noted that I have access to daily data. Do you think, for example, I should plot the average air temperature box plot using daily data or annual data?
Also in the case of precipitation, is the box plot better drawn from daily data or annual data?
I am waiting for your answer. Also, it would be great if you could introduce some reference.
Thanks in advance for your answer.
•The first 7 SDGs is an extension of MDGs
•Second group is inclusiveness (jobs, infrastructure industrialization, and distribution).It includes goals 8, 9, and 10
•The third group is on sustainability and urbanization that covers the last seven goals
Dear All, Do you think that we should consider the biotic stress tolerance when selecting climate-resilient crop varieties? As per the definition given by Climate Essentials (2019), climate resilience means the ability to prepare for, recover from and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Climate-resilient crops provide means of adapting diminishing crop yields in the face of droughts, higher average temperatures and other climatic conditions associated with climate change which mainly cover the abiotic stress factors, but not biotic stress factors. Your constructive criticism is highly appreciated. Thank you.
We are conducting a respirometer trial with salmonids and want to access SDA variables in relation to temperature. We are wondering, if we can measure the Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) and the SDAcoefficient at the same time? We believe, measuring the MMR would add oxygen consumption, that is not directly related to SDA, but we would love to have the MMR as a measurement of potential growth. Is there a way, to measure both (e.g. by Q10 values, SDA values)?
There are a few papers dealing with the effects of climate change on the pollination of European orchids, but I wonder if similar studies have been carried out in the Tropics.
Due to Global warming the earth temperature increases (https://climate.nasa.gov/effects/), which generates floods, storms, and tornadoes because of melting of ice glacier, in response it caused increase in the sea level up to 3mm/year, now if the sea level is increased and already the temperature is high, which will cause fast cycle of vapor formation having comparatively high temperature, these vapors will go up and will cause rain again, so as, rain reduce the earth temperature as we feel normally, and this phenomena will occur in a cycle. Then why we are concerned about global warming causes, also if there will be rains and floods and sea level is going up throughout, then how the literature says that cause of global warming water shed is going down and down and rivers lacks etc are getting dry day by day?
Just one reason I know, we have to control GW to stop those acid rains its true rain reduce temperature but acid rains has multiple negative impacts....
Your Thoughts Please!
I am applying interpolation by kriging method using GIS and interpolation did not cover the whole of area under consideration.
How to do this? Please guide me.
Amid a dangerous escalating amount of extreme weather - bushfires, the destruction of the Great Barrier Reef and alarming amount of animal extinctions, the Liberal party continues to do nothing. How we make our Government act?
- How likely are we to see the infectious disease spread as a result of climate change?
- How are the communities most at-risk, and how and why both COVID-19 and climate change harms them?
- Why is it so important for health professionals to talk about climate change now?
- Do we need to rethink/deconstruct public and media those who are largely treated as separate issues?
Do we have any empirical model to model the combined effect of carbonation and chloride attack in concrete concerning time-dependent temperature, relative humidity and concentration of carbon dioxide?
The climate change has different aspect, some country became hotter in summer, while other country, be cool, some increased in precipitations , others become more drought (arid) .
Dear colleagues, Climate change is one of a global catastrophic risks.Therefore, what are the latest solving and treatments to the climate change problem?
Really, your valuable contribution will be appreciated.💯%
Over the years, there have been improvements in technology which in turn had direct/indirect effects on the climate. We can't say that technological advancement should cease nor allow some disruptive process should continue.
Equilibrium must be achieved while the means of carrying out our day-to-day activities keep on improving.
Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
Water as a resource is most intensely contested natural resource in the world. We need water to meet all the social, economical and environmental activities/ objectives of a country.
Question: How could we save and enhance our precious water resources?
The Tigris - Euphrates water conflict is frozen conflict between three riparians (Iraq, Syria and Turkey). The conflict came up because of upstream water projects by Turkey and therefore the restriction of water access to individuals of downstream failed states (Iraq and Syria). There are two principles are conflicting: Territorial sovereignty of Turkey and human right to water of individuals (This is issue of global justice and not international justice due to failed states). My question is: whom belongs water and how property (connected with territory) theory of Locke can be connected to the sovereignty principle of Turkey?
Thank you beforehand
COVID-19 exposed many divisions among countries and prevented the formation of a united front to combat this pandemic. Even the very closely networked blocs such as ASEAN and EU failed to coordinate their efforts to combat COVID-19 because of national interest. Undermining the world organizations such as WHO, ICOJ, and the United nation various agencies are not painting a very good picture of what to come in the future. Can globalization survive?
We are looking a SSCI journal that do not need processing and publication charge to publish a a case study on perception , community vulnerability and adaptation measures to climate change. Your suggestions would be appreciated.
I would like to promote a discuss if the recent global climate changes can influences microsporogenesis, microgamatogenesis, megasporogenesis and megagametogenesis. I was wondering, based on the million years of terrestrial plant existence, if the plants can adapt the sporogenesis and gametogenesis for the possible changes in climate. Also, what is you thought about the possible plasticity in crop plants?
Just as food for thoughts, what type of macroeconomy the integrating of innovation and climate with economic growth leads to?.: To the same traditional macroeconomy or to a dwarf traditional macroeconomy or to a green macroeconomy or to a dwarf green macroecomy. What do you think?
The Capparis scabrida species, Family of the (Capparaceae), is known as dog sapote, it is one of the species with the greatest adaptability to desert ecosystems, it belongs to the flora of the dry forests of Northern Peru, and Central and South from Ecuador, between 0-2,500 m of altitude. It is a species that never loses its leaves, always turn green during its life cycle and it does not have seasonal precipitation, it has to wait for the rain every year. My question is why it forms many rings of growth if it does not present seasonal precipitation and never loses its leaves. That is an image of a cross section so you can see the great presence of growth rings, It was collected in the South Region of Ecuador (Loja-Catamayo,Ecuador 2020).
I artifically elevated the air temperature in the heated plot by 3-celsius degree compared to that in the control for 7 days.
I want to figure out the effect of the temperature manipulation on soil temperature.
The datalogger collected the soil temperature every 30 minutes.
In that situation, can I calculate daily mean soil temperature using 30 minute-unit data to go ANOVA?
Additionally, can I treated the respective days as repeated factors for repeated measures ANOVA?
I am doing lesson plans and am looking for examples of environmental claims that do not stand up to close scrutiny.
There are more than enough examples of this related to climate change...so no climate change discussion needed, thank you though.
The idea is that I will give my class a faulty environmental claim and they have to find the weakness in the claim as a homework assignment.
For example, here is claim that does not stand up:
"The lead dust found in the soil of Gotham City can get into the groundwater and pose a human health risk through drinking water."
What is wrong with this claim? The lead dust is most certainly harmful and may have leached into the ground-water, but five minutes on the city water department web page will show that the drinking water comes from a reservoir miles away. So the route of exposure is the reason this claim is faulty, and if we want to protect people, we need to worry about airborne dust and skin contact with soil.
In another case, I encountered a claim from a chapter of the REDACTED ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION that Carbon Dioxide is linked to asthma.
Carbon dioxide is of course linked to climate change and in confined spaces can be deadly. But the claim is faulty because asthma is linked to nitrous oxides, ozone, and particulates.
Do you have any other examples?
Please let me know
I am thinking of working on a research topic relating to ESG Investment and Climate change reality. I am no expert in research for now and Its been quite confusing how to capture Climate change and ESG with this regards to show the relationship between E Investments and Reduction in climate change. So far, with my little research done, to capture climate change, one could use "rising sea levels" or "average temperature overtime" but is that really sufficient? Plus what would you suggest I use to capture ESG Investing (Be it Global or Regional).
Looking forward to reading responses :).
In very recent years there has been a heightened public concern and awareness about climate change and sustainability. When we talk about sustainability, is it clear that we are all talking about the sustainability of populations of other species and their habitats, and the activities of humans to have an impact on those species and habitats?
Any paper about the relation between butterfly lifecycle and temperature will be very helpful, please let me know
I am looking to collaborate with any researcher(s) that is/are interested in applying the principles of cellular automaton to climate change research. Kindly reach out to me by commenting, sending a private message or an email to email@example.com
Please share this with your colleagues so it can be widely read. Thanks
Global warming is being addressed through a sustainable development lense formally since 2012 Rio +20; and therefore, it is being addressed outside sustainabiltiy rules.
And this raises the question, is not global warming a sustainability isssue? I think it is a sustainabiltiy issue. What do you think?
I am currently a guest editor for the special issue "Mediterranean Olive Trees and Olive Oil under Climate Change", which will be published by the journal Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395, 2019 JCR impact factor = 2.259, Quartile 1).
The deadline is June 2021. Please feel free to contact me if you are interested and also feel free to disseminate this message in your groups.
A study by researchers at Imperial College London, published in the magazine “One Earth”, highlights the need to deepen knowledge about how global warming affects polar ice sheets, in order to be able to estimate sea level rise in this century and believe that current knowledge about the behavior of ice sheets suggests that sea level rise may be greater than the "probable range" predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2100.
The greenhouse effect is gradually progressing on Earth. Consequently, the risk of new climate disasters increases every year.
Currently, technologies are being developed with the help of which space ships will be built to enable a manned space mission to Mars.
In the 21st century, will man be able to overcome greater distances and get to know some other planets of our solar system?
Is it possible to develop on Earth a technology that a man can leave the solar system and, for example, one day he can reach the nearest Alpha Centauri constellation?
In connection with the above, the question arises: Will man manage to create technologies thanks to which he will leave the planet Earth, the Solar System and reach other planetary systems?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Everyone knows, the fast changing climatic condition with altered physical factors due to various anthropologic activities. Humans are unable to handle the issue of climate change due to growing needs and population. So, how nature will resolve the issue of climate change without human interference?
How both climate change and systemic racism have their roots in colonization and the accompanying exploitation and extraction of both people and the environment.
Climate change disaster is a great amplifier of health inequities. It is already affecting and will continue to affect vulnerable populations’ health and well-being like migrants, both in Canada and internationally. We are conducting a critical scoping review to explore work that has been done to examine and address the needs, challenges, experiences, and health outcomes of immigrant populations. Your critical reflections and suggestion will be helpful.
I know there are some global database that include rainfall. But I would like something more specific for Africa at a spatial resolution around 0.25 degrees, and daily frequency for the last decade. Something equivalent to the European ECA&D would be great. Does it exist for Africa? Thanks.
positives of climate change, future options of food security, future options of land expansion for new farmland.
In many countries, air and rail transportation is interrupted. The isolation measures lead to the decrease of road traffic utilization and the production of factories. The result is reduced carbon emissions and clean air above China, South Korea, European countries and the United States. China's anti epidemic measures have reduced carbon emissions by 25% in just one month. At the end of March, the European Space Agency (ESA) released satellite images showing changes in the ozone layer over many countries between January 1 and March 11. The changes above Italy are particularly dramatic, with the country's ecological indicators improving, as seen by the naked eye: swans and fish begin to return to the Venetian canal, and then dolphins and jellyfish are observed.
We all know that the aviation industry produces a good amount of CO2. Nevertheless, as climate change scientists we frequently fly to attend a growing number of meetings and conferences organised to discuss some of the impacts of climate change.
Shouldn't we start thinking about the necessity of some face-to-face meetings that could alternatively occur by video conferencing?
I am working in research on climate adaptation so need to compare the performance of the urban fabric to the climate changes, which requires me to make a comparison and simulation of the performance of the urban fabric in different time periods such as the past, the present and the future, so I need to find predicted climate data for the future climate for an area, how do I get it and how can I change it to eps climate file to input and use for the DesignBuilder software!
The cyclones hit two of the most populated metropolitan cities in the world – Kolkata and Mumbai. The propensity towards similar climatic events has increased around the Indian Ocean. Unseasonal storms in East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, which triggered the locust outbreaks in South Asia and the wildfires in Australia, are part of these unusual events. At the same time, a series of heatwaves led to the bleaching of coral reefs along the Indian coast, which has evolved as a hotspot for climate extremes, rampaging the marine ecosystem.
During 2018, Puerto Rico has exposed to many devastating hurricanes along with many other parts of USA. In Puerto Rico, hurricanes have created disaster in the society. There is no doubt that Puerto Rico has experienced major hurricanes during 2018. However, the country was not in the list of Top Ten “Long Term Climate Risk Index (CRI) in the past. Surprisingly, Global Climate Risk Index 2019 by GERMANWATCH has placed the country in the top of the list.
Can we define climate risk like that?
Even here in Canada they are saying that climate action is a science based action as a promoting slogan for change, but if science based climate action is implemented through non-science based markets is not that a problem?. UNCSD 2012 / Rio +20 in the Future We Want formalized a paradigm shift from the traditional market to green markets/green growth/green economy but instead of moving towards creating green markets by internalizing the environmental externality in the price mechanism of the traditional market to shift to green markets they are fast moving into creating carbon pricing based markets to continue treating environmental issues as they were in the traditional market still as externalities….
Carbon pricing based markets are dwarf green markets as they do not reflect perfect green market theory and they are unconnected to the green market price….Does not a science based climate action requires a science based market?. If yes, carbon pricing is not the way to go as they are not green markets and we are supposed to have shifted towards green markets in 2012, why are we going that way? Does the shift to green markets in 2012 made the scientific method and perfect green market theory irrelevant?
Dear Scientific community, researchers, scientists, inventor and innovator, Everybody is feeling safe and healthy around, I know this Covid19 pandemic is hitting hard everybody every corner, sometimes even feeling twisted around the interest of other important pressing issues of the world like environmental, sustainability, Plastics, waste management and so on.
In this midst of pandemic chaos, i had to have the courage over thinking other pressing problems also. So, I've been lately thinking about the plastics, packaging, energy production, burning fuel, pollution, climate change s and waste management issues. I couldn't find any reliable existing solutions for these.So, now I'm gathering ideas and wanted to learn more and present a solution to the world or at least being a part of it.
Currently I want to study more about gas absorption, how burning or melting anything could harm to environment and living beings, recycling, new technology for recycle and its reliability..
So, i thought I need to learn, train and looking further to do appropriate study or research (PhD/MS integratedPhd) with a mentor or a team with a curiosity and passion to bring a solution.
Also, for applying or proposing myself since my background being Biotechnology and a little bit of chemistry i've learnt during the coursework back then..I don't know where I could fit but I'm curious to learn...I will be grateful if anybody from this community could suggest me or recommend me where I should go, approach or look out.
Journal of Management in Engineering
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Special Collection-Call for Papers
Management of Resilience in Civil Infrastructure Systems: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Objective: The objective of this special issue is to document scholarly interdisciplinary contributions in the field of resilience, with a specific focus on the engineering managerial issues at the interface of the built environment with social and ecological systems. In particular, we look for interdisciplinary contributions to management of resilience in civil infrastructure systems from other engineering disciplines as well as disciplines such as management, sociology, ecology, political science, psychology, urban sciences, geography, and economics.
Submission information: Authors wishing to submit papers should contact the Guest Editors [Nader Naderpajouh (firstname.lastname@example.org), Juyeong Choi (email@example.com), and David Yu (firstname.lastname@example.org)] to submit an extended abstract (maximum 800 words) summarizing a proposed submission. The guest editorial team are from the fields of civil and environmental engineering and social sciences, and are encouraging submissions from a range of disciplinary perspectives and using a wide range of quantitative and qualitative methods. The authors are specifically required to highlight the interdisciplinary links and contributions from other fields to the scholarly field of civil engineering. In order to be considered for the special issue, authors should submit extended abstracts by January 31, 2019. The Guest Editors will review submitted proposals upon their receipt and contact authors with invitations to submit full-length articles soon thereafter. Note that in case of earlier submission the review process will start immediately.
Deadline for extended abstract: January 31, 2019
Who has the right to define what is climate change research should be? Who should define the climate change research topic, research questions, and research design? Who should own the climate change research result? How can the community lead to climate change research? How should we re-learn to consider community people as researchers?
How does the anti-racist form of climate change research look like?
I'm attempting to build a hypothesis about the Gupta Empire of classical India, and am interested in understanding monsoon and temperature levels. Tree rings, Himalayan ice cores, any leads would be great!
Donald Trump and his challenger Joe Biden have presented vastly different visions for handling crucial issues, from the coronavirus pandemic to climate change. This results in how the election could shape many "Science" or "the scientific implications of Climate Change" issues.
In my country, more than a dozen years ago or more, there were real winters with snow and frost after the autumn. Whereas last winter, during the last few years it looked like autumn, without snow and positive temperatures. I think that the greenhouse effect, ie the warming of the Earth's climate, has already begun. This is also confirmed by numerous climatic cataclysms and weather anomalies, which in the current year 2018 appear in numerous places on the Earth. In some parts of the Earth there are fires of huge forest areas such as in Scandinavia, California in the USA, Australia, the Iberian Peninsula, Africa, etc. In addition, weather anomalies, e.g. snow and floods in October and November in the south of Europe.
In addition, tornadoes in many places on Earth and so on.
Perhaps these problems will get worse. It is necessary to improve security systems and anti-crisis services, improve the prediction of these anomalies and climatic cataclysms so that people can, have managed to shelter or cope with the imminent cataclysm. One of the technologies that can help in more precise forecasting of these cataclysms is the processing of large collections of historical and current information on this subject in the cloud computing technology in Big Data database systems.
Therefore, I am asking you: Will new data processing technologies in Big Data database systems allow for accurate prediction of climate disasters?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Emissions by conventional fuel vehicles is one of major contributor of Climate Change. For reducing road vehicles emissions to zero, A design which is marked as INVENTION by IEEE, SAE & WIPO was tested in lab with satisfactory results but it couldn't brought in use as being global in nature, support of Governments, organisations, manufacturers, operators or investors in Climate Change. It will give proper result if IMPLIMENTED in most of the countries in world.
Can any organisation/ institute/ agency/ investor help to promote the invention of EVs powered by overhead supply worldwide?
Plant range shifts have been widely attributed to changing climate specifically temperature. However, not all the species experience range shifts. I am looking for some factors which might be useful for explaining these variations in plants.
These days, people are discussing about pro-environmental and protective notions in their life all over the world. It seems this level of consideration should be navigated to a sustainable path. What do you think about it?
In conducting a Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment at the household level using a survey questionnaire, there is a need to ask participants how they characterize their experience of various hazards in terms of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. Is there a set of categories for each of the factors of vulnerability?
The Southeastern region of the United States of America, including Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and the Caribbean archipelagos are being devastated by a higher number of hurricanes than ever before--Why? Are these stronger and more frequent wind and rain storms evidence of (1) global warming; or (2) climate change?
I am currently working on my M.Sc. thesis studying how climate change affects the presence of the gray whale in one of its main breeding areas in Mexico. We have considered temperature, chlorophyll and extent of ice in their feeding areas (Bering Sea, Chukchi and Beaufort) and temperature in migration route and breeding areas. In addition, PDO and ENSO indices.
Should we consider other environmental variables and / or indices, which ones?
I thank in advance for your help and support.
Are there any publications or own observations on how the spatial distribution of widespread moss species such as Pleurozium schreberi, Pseudoscleropodium purum or Hypnum cupressiforme changes under climate change?
I am using SDSM for statistical downscaling and keen to know that which I should prefer to use GCMs or RCMs output. Keep in mind that my study area is high elevated about 3700 m a.m.sl to 4800 m a.m.sl and 137, 000 Sq.km.
I have longterm daily temperatures and precipitaions data not uniformly located observation stations.
Please share your expertise, for each temperatures and precipitaion separately.
My name is Sylvia Lima and I am conducting a survey as part of my Ph.D. research in evaluation of climate change adaptation success in coastal areas of developing countries with Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand (VUW).
The research has been approved by the Human Ethics Committee of the University (approval #0000027792) and you can find more information below.
This survey is anonymous and will take you about 15 minutes to complete. Your answers will remain completely anonymous and unidentifiable.
Your support will be much appreciated. Please feel free to share the link to the survey with colleagues that might be interested in collaborating with this research.
Follow this link to the Survey: http://vuw.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_a3MWP87pOS7Z7ZH
INFORMATION FOR PARTICIPANTS
You are invited to take part in this survey. Please read this information before deciding whether or not to take part. If you decide to participate, thank you. If you decide not to participate, thank you for considering this request.
Who am I? My name is Sylvia Lima and I am a Doctoral student in Environmental Studies at Victoria University of Wellington. This research project is work towards my dissertation.
What is the aim of the project? This project seeks to understand success criteria and evaluation for climate change adaptation projects implemented in coastal zones of developing countries funded through multilateral organizations. This research has been approved by the Victoria University of Wellington Human Ethics Committee 0000027792.
How can you help? You have been invited to participate because of your experience and knowledge of climate change adaptation strategies in coastal zones. If you agree to take part you will complete a survey. The survey will ask you questions about your opinion and perception of climate change adaptation success and aspects of monitoring and evaluation of adaptation strategies. The survey will take you about 15 minutes to complete.
What will happen to the information you give? This research is anonymous. This means that nobody, including the researchers, will be aware of your identity. By answering it, you are giving consent for us to use your responses in this research. Your answers will remain completely anonymous and unidentifiable. Once you submit the survey, it will be impossible to retract your answer. Please do not include any personally identifiable information in your responses.
What will the project produce? The information from my research will be used in Ph.D. dissertation and academic publications and conferences.
If you have any questions or problems, who can you contact? If you have any questions, either now or in the future, please feel free to contact either me or my supervisors. If you have any concerns about the ethical conduct of the research, you may contact the Victoria University HEC Convenor. Please see all contacts below.
Victoria University of Wellington
School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Human Ethics Committee information
Dr Judith Loveridge
Victoria University HEC Convenor
Victoria University of Wellington
Phone number: +64-4-463 6028
Professor and Programme Director, Development Studies
Victoria University of Wellington
School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Phone number: +64 04 4635281
Senior Research Fellow
Victoria University of Wellington
Climate Change Research Institute, School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences
Phone number: +64 04 463 9601
How can cities prepare and eventually become more resilient to climate change? What policies should be adopted in order to move towards SSC (Sustainable Smart City) vision?
What are possible applications of Machine Learning in ArcGIS ?
Assuming we have very detailed DTM Data about surface around lets say a glacier impending to fall into a lake resulting in a deadly outburst flood (GLOF).
a) Forecasting the hazard of this melting glacier one could predict the ice-thickness.
Do you have other ideas?
Tags: Remote Sensing, QGis, ArcGIS, Drone Images, Climate Change, Risk Management, Machine Learning, AI
Over the past decades, ecosystem and climate change modeling have made great advances. However, as indicated by the uncomfortably large deviations between predicted climate change and today's observed effects, there is obviously a lot of room for improvement. Today it is accepted that global warming, and a series of derived effects, are ocurring at much faster rates than predicted even with the most sophisticated models just 10 years ago. Similar discrepancies exist for ecosystem models which try to predict production or the development of pest and disease populations. In the end, the complexities of non-linear behavior and multiple synergistic effects may render such complex systems impossible to model within the limits of acceptable accuracy. If models only hold under extensive lists of unrealistic assumptions (such as linear and additive effects vs non-linear synergistic effects), then their value for deriving practical recommendations must be questioned. So: what are the limits to (meaningful) modeling? I would warmly welcome pointers towards a readable account of this issue.
Is power-to-gas a possible solution to this issue? Storing renewable energy in the form of H2 and CH4 and using them as fuels can increase the penetration of renewable energy in the transportation sector?
The content obtained for the C & N in the soil samples of the forest floors is increased this time and in 2020 is 5 times more than that of the C & N obtained in 2008, simultaneously the same forest stands in four districts is increased by areas observed in the India State of Forest Report 2019, not only that the forest canopy is much lush green in comparison to 2008, is this change be considered as the evidence of the climate change, though the time span of only 12 years is very short for interpretation of the evidence of the climate change.
These SSPs are now being used as important inputs for the latest climate models, feeding into the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) sixth assessment report due to be published in 2020-21.
what is Shared Socio-economic Pathways(SSPs) and how to used for maxent?
I mean I want to konw the relationship of the climate and Shared Socio-economic Pathways(SSPs)
What are the most serious problems of civilization development that should be solved as soon as possible? What are the global problems for which research should be developed and solutions to these problems resolved in 2019 and in subsequent years?
One of such research problems, which should not be postponed for an indefinite future, is the need to develop environment-friendly sustainable economic development in order to slow down the adverse process of global warming.
With the warming of the Earth's climate, the risk of more dramatic climate cataclysms, including tsunamis, increases.
Tsunami may be a derivative of the global warming problem. Global warming generates an increase in climate disasters, including more cases of tsunamis.
But not only is the risk of more violent and more dramatic tsunamis rising. Also in recent years, there has been more other types of climate and natural climate catatics, such as droughts, rainstorms, tornadoes and weather anomalies.
At present, it should no longer be asked whether global warming generates an increase in natural disasters only what rate of growth will be recorded in the future? So many data, research centers confirms the progressing process of global warming, that the problem is unquestionable.
More and more data points to the growing risk of climate change, unfavorable for human and life on the Earth, increase of climate disasters, climatic and weather anomalies, which are the result of global warming, rising average annual temperature near the Earth's surface.
Now we should just ask: How can these adverse processes be counteracted? What ecological technologies, renewable energy sources, how to help natural environments, how to rebuild them, such as afforestation, to build natural ecosystems absorbing greenhouse gases?
How to develop ecological business ventures? How to create financing systems for this type of pro-ecological projects? How to dispel international cooperation in this matter? What actions should be taken to move towards the development of a new ecological green economy?
How to develop environmentally sustainable economic development to slow down the unfavorable warming of the Earth's climate?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Is there any particular rule that told us in what condition we allowed to rebuilding missing data in a synoptic station? For example, if a station has 15% missing data over 30 years, can it be filling? In other words, is there a specific rule that says up to what percent of missed data we can reconstruct it and used in drought studies? Can this data be filled in by taking a regression from the station itself, or should it be filled in by nearby stations? The time steps are in monthly. Do you have any referenced article for that?
Thank you in advanced Best Regards
Most of the countries of Africa are affected by water war due to climate change, so let think together how to bring solution for this conflict of interest.
Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica L) is one of the valued plants in arid environments as source of food and animal feed. It is also important in the rehabilitation of degraded lands and enrichment of soil chemical and physical properties. But studies that show its applications in food, pharmaceutical, and beauty and cosmetic industries are limited. How can we exploit this plant in the face of food and nutrition security as well as climate change challenges?