Questions related to Cities
Our scape is currently overwhelmed with physical structures that act as obstructive forces towards humanity-oriented progress. The globalised format of our cities has dominated its roots on other aspects of architecture, including education. Hence, in some schools, architectural education follows this emerging imagery of the market, and not the other way around. This has led to a critical phenomenon of poor development of architectural pedagogy, i.e. lack of individual and collective creativity.
Do you think that architectural schools should shift its methodology towards not building anymore? Should they focus more on creating open spaces and flexible structures?
How are urban agglomerations coping with water shortages and increasingly frequent periods of drought caused by progressive global warming?
The effects of progressive global warming include increasingly higher average air temperatures, record high temperatures recorded annually during the summer heat waves, longer and more severe periods of drought, and rivers, lakes and wells drying up. Drought is becoming an increasingly serious problem in agriculture. In some regions of the world, crop production is already declining due to increasingly frequent periods of drought. In metropolitan areas, too, increasingly frequent heat and drought are generating a number of serious problems. Many urban agglomerations lack clean water and rivers are heavily polluted. As a result, in some cities restrictions are being imposed on water use beyond food and sanitation purposes. For example, watering lawns may be allowed once a week in some cities. During periods of drought, total bans are imposed on watering lawns and washing cars from clean running water intakes. In addition, during hot weather in the situation of large areas of concrete and small areas of green space, the lack of urban parks in metropolitan areas, the air temperature rises strongly. In the situation of lack of water and strong heating of concrete surfaces, living conditions in urban agglomerations deteriorate significantly. In addition, in a situation of underdeveloped renewable energy sources and thermal power generation based on dirty fossil fuel combustion energy and a large number of internal combustion cars, smog characterized by strong air pollution from toxic wastes of combustion processes is increasingly appearing. As a result, some residents of large urban areas are moving out of city centers to the outskirts of cities, suburbs or the countryside. This is fostered by the development of remote work provided via the Internet. However, problems related to the shortage of clean water are steadily worsening. In the long term, it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to slow down the ongoing process of global warming. In view of the increasingly serious problems caused by scarcity of clean water, city governments are introducing new solutions for reducing water consumption.
In view of the above, I address the following question to the esteemed community of researchers and scientists:
How are urban agglomerations coping with water shortages and increasingly frequent periods of drought caused by ongoing global warming?
What does this issue look like in your city?
What is your opinion on this issue?
I invite everyone to join the discussion,
Thank you very much,
A house located in a city centre with a large garden that is full of all types of spiders of all colors brown, bland, black, brown, green yellow .... very large Small and medium .. I have 2 questions please:
-- first how all these guys can come to this garden (knowing it was empty for 10 years). --- secondly how we can eliminate these spiders because it comes home especially in the period from the end of August until the month of September.
I am willing to do reserach and work hard,collect data but I need a person already a research ,as my teacher,here in my city Multan Punjab pakistan.so I can conduct more reseraches.As I have lot of patients turn over.but I am lacking ,as there is no such platform.
Dr Rizwan Mushtaq ..+923004551159
consultant psychiatrist MBBS FCPSych
park-culture-management-social-public-city-children- family rest-safely-religion
To what extent can rooftop gardens and flower meadows in cities increase the biodiversity of natural ecosystems in cities?
Given the ongoing climate change, including global warming, air pollution, limited areas of urban parks and other green spaces, gardens, flower meadows established on the roofs of buildings in cities can significantly increase the areas of urban green space. When urban green areas are significantly expanded, the biodiversity of natural ecosystems in cities can also increase significantly. In addition, additional green areas can have a positive impact on the air quality of cities. Air quality is not only a question of pollution levels, but also humidity levels and summer temperatures. Additional green spaces can play an important role in the rest and recuperation of residents, which can translate into improved health for people living in the city. Additional green areas, including gardens and flower meadows, also mean more foraging areas for insects, including pollinating insects, whose numbers are rapidly declining due to the over-chemicalisation of agriculture. Besides, additional green areas in cities can increase the level of sustainability in terms of sustainable development, green building and environmentally and climatically sustainable urban agglomerations.
In view of the above, I would like to address the following question to the esteemed community of scientists and researchers:
To what extent can gardens and flower meadows established on the roofs of buildings in cities increase the biodiversity of natural ecosystems in cities?
What is your opinion on this topic?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Hi, I am new to this and am currently publishing a paper. I have a specific question related to the material and method. In particular, in the material section, I list all materials used in the experiment. I know I need to get the trade name and manufacturer's full name, including the address, city, and state. But I do not know if I should go by the city and state on the ingredient bottle or the manufacturer's headquarter that I found in a google search. Please, if you could answer me, I would greatly appreciate it.
What role in the shaping of citizens' pro-environmental attitudes and the implementation of pro-environmental and pro-climate measures do local government units play?
What arguments can you give in support of the thesis that local government units play an important role in shaping citizens' pro-environmental attitudes and implementing pro-environmental and pro-climate undertakings.
What examples can you give of pro-environmental measures and pro-climate projects implemented and/or coordinated by local government units?
For example, do the local and regional authorities you know develop waste segregation programmes, expand green areas in cities, build municipal and/or other wastewater treatment plants, organise events to raise pro-environmental and pro-climate awareness among citizens, create flower meadows on city lawns, promote and develop electromobility on city public bus transport, subsidise the purchase of hydrogen-powered buses, etc.?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
If yes or if you are interested in this question, I would like to have a chat.
I have been working on this question for a long time. Most of us already know that the first best solution to externalities revolving car driving does not involve registration taxes. Taxing cars instead of driving would thus have distortive effects.
I believe we might be undermining this distortion. I believe that when you take into account long run decision making often not accounted for in welfare models, the distortion is even bigger. Long run decision making such as people's decisions of where to live, firm's decisions on where to locate, and the resulting developmental decisions about where and how densely to build.
I have the hypothesis that if a government is given the choice between using registration (fixed cost) taxes and gas/kilometre (variable cost) taxes on driving, while holding revenue from these taxes constant, the variable cost choice would cause the city to be built more densely over time than the fixed cost choice. (Over time since rome wasn't built in a day).
First attempt was in my Master's thesis, where I used a monocentric city model with Cobb-Douglas utility and two travel modes. I was able to show that reducing the fixed tax and increasing the variable tax holding revenue constant indeed did make the city smaller. It also reduced the total amount of kilometers driven in cars (despite more people owning cars since they got cheaper) because people lived closer to the centre. I also showed that when you held the city shape constant in this proces, the total kilometers from the same change increased because the decisions didn't show in people's movement choices.
I have later come to realise that there are some flaws with my model, and have since worked on an improved model with log-linear demand utility with just the one mode (the car). It has proven to be a big technical challenge for me.
I have also tried empirical methods. I have a dataset of 100 cities worldwide and across developmental levels. This includes variables such as vehicle cost per kilometre, yearly capital cost per car, yearly driven kilometres in cars, commuting time, commuting distance, and 100 other variables. And have been looking at a model that measures the effect of variable costs and fixed costs on kilometres driven in cars (controling for gdp per capita for metropolitan areas) to see which has the biggest effect, but apart from obvious endogeneity issues, I also am not really able to show through which mechanism there might be an effect (whether it is indeed due to how the city is developed differently), but the model does indeed show that registration taxes are insignificant and that variable taxes are not.
I could use some brainstorming with other researchers interested in the same question. If you're interested in having a discussion about it in any way, please let me know.
Ive collected temperature data from different locations in a city using data loggers. How can I validate these temperature results to measure UHI intensity.
Solar electric car
Reduce the need of recharging cars; and is especially beneficial in cities with traffic jams; as peak traffic hours are usually during the day.
From sculpting the Himalayas and shaping the planes to cultivating civilisation water has been the most essential resource for building civilisations. Rainwater was harvested in India using lakes, wells, bands, step-wells etc. The question is what is the role of water in shaping a city. With the emphasis on paths and connecting roads acting as rainwater channels feeding the groundwater recharge and storage bodies. It further dives into why planned cities like Harappa did not survive the test of time, whereas organically developed cities did. The question hopes to critically analyse the reasons for severe water shortages in planned and semi-planned cities like Chennai, Bangalore and Delhi. hoping to provide some guidelines for eco-friendly development at various levels of planning and design. New methods inspired by traditional techniques for efficient rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharge e.g building and using step-wells for water storage instead of overhead tanks. The focus is on developing guidelines for proper rainwater management systems for cities and urban areas. by adopting groundwater recharge techniques that could integrate with the present urban fabric.
Reduction of Homelessness in the City of Inglewood
I just started the petition "Reduction of Homelessness in the City of Inglewood" and wanted to see if you could help by adding your name.
My goal is to reach 100 signatures and I need more support. You can read more and sign the petition here:
Rev. Anthony T. Johnese
Please send to 5 more friends or family members... and, please... do not send any donations. Solid Rock Spiritual Center will never solicit money.
I need to measure noise pollution level but I do not know whether it should be done by modelling noise or there are agencies that provided measured noise pollution.
I appreciate your suggestion in advance.
In a GIS environment
in remote sensing technology
Using satellite visuals to measure change over different time periods and detect spatial changes
So far my investigation led to WHO data and the OECD metropolitan database on air pollution. Are there other data sources, other indicators? Maybe not at the global scale but more regional (e.g. Europe, North America)?
I have a question for data analysis, I have a column in my dataset including locations "Brussels", "Flanders","Wallonia". I have postal codes too and I want to split the Flanders and Wallonia based on the main cities and other cities. How can I in R or excel split data then I want to have Brussels, the main cities of Wallonia and Flanders, and other cities of Wallonia and Flanders instead of "Brussels", "Flanders", and "Wallonia.
Couldn't find it on arcgis online and neither on govt. backed gis service websites.
You are most welcome to participate in this survey if:
1- You live in Auckland city,
2- You are part of the engineering industry,
Your time is greatly appreciated.
Date: 16Mar2022 – 18June2022
Area of the Survey: Auckland city of New Zealand
Research topic: Resources Planning Productivity
While appreciating variety of Resources Planning models, tools, software or packages in the market globally which assist us to complete our project successfully, engineering industry may not always achieve the highest productivity from the utilised Resources Planning tools for completing their projects.
If Resources Planning is the area of your expertise, your participation benefits this research which studies the productivity of Resources Planning Tools (packages) in use by engineering industry in Auckland for the purpose of making the most productive Resources Planning model.
All consultants, managers, project managers, general planners, planners & schedulers, engineers, IT experts and other project team members who have interest in increasing the productivity of their Resources Planning are also invited to participate in this online survey.
You are welcome to click on the below link for more information and participation:
Thank you very much for your time,
Auckland University of Technology, Design and Creative Faculty, Engineering School:
Dr Stephen Thorpe, Primary supervisor firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Ramesh Lal, Secondary supervisor email@example.com
Ms Anita Rabieyan, Doctoral candidate firstname.lastname@example.org
I need SAR data of Sentinel to analyze the ground deformation (or subsidence ) of my capital city before 1999. Any chance to get data any where ?
I want to study a festival's economic impact in a city. I have an I-O table of the state yet the event took place specifically in the city. I derived Leontief inverse from (I-A)^(-1). Can I apply it on the city or should I need to do something about it to make it specifically for the city? Maybe by multiplying a ratio (eg. GDP_city/GDP_state)?
Thank you very much!
I wanna do ethnobotanical study about plants in in my region which is a small city , so what's the minimum and maximum number of intreviewees needed?
The dogma of agricultural primacy says: agriculture first, cities later. Jane Jacobs in his famous book The Economy of Cities (1969) is a strong proponent of city-primacy: Cities First—Rural Development Later. Could it be always true that rural (agricultural) development follows innovations in the cities and hence a policy of city-primacy than agricultural-primacy to pursue? Is it always true that agricultural productivity lags behind urban productivity? And, could it be that there is no way to increase rural (agricultural) productivity first and city productivity later in the currently developing countries? Is it true that rural development always waits for innovations in fertilizer, seed, pesticides, etc from the urban sector, not from the rural (agricultural) sector itself? Given multitudes of development theories and models, what could be the third-best alternative way for economic transformation in the currently developing countries?
If anyone can guide me regarding the above relationship. I want to work on the idea that a city would require some fixed number of plants to reduce the urban pollution.
I am planning to conduct a study about the preparedness of a local city if it passes/conforms to the standard of ASEAN. A lot of city has been awarded and recognized already by achieving the criteria set by the guideline. I want to make a research investigating if my city is ready. What research approach/design/methods should i use? Who are the possible respondents? The guideline is found here:
The idea is to share different experiences of researchers of different countries.
Gary M. Lovett 1994 set the constant median dry deposition velocity of PM10 at about 0.0064 m/s in the equation; PM10 deposition = Vd.Ci.Ti. 24.3600. How to determine the constant average value of the dry deposition velocity of PM10 and PM2.5 from literature? Is the same constant value of the dry deposition velocity of PM10 can be used for different cities or need to change depending on climatic factors? And what is the constant dry deposition velocity value of PM2.5 ?
I was trying to find spatial pattern of water-borne diseases in Dhaka city. But I cannot find any source. I was hoping to find a clue or leads to such data.
Khandaker Akif Razzak
Dear, I am a university student of architecture and urban planning. I am looking for various information on the city of Odessa in Ukraine to understand its urban composition and its human characters. I'm looking here for someone local / some research that can be consulted for my project.
Thanks to everyone who will help me
My name is Christiano Piccioni Toralles, I am a professor at the Inst. Fed. of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) and student of the Doctoral Program in Spatial Planning at Un. Coimbra (Portugal), under the supervision of prof. Anabela Ribeiro. I'm here inviting volunteers to collaborate as an expert with my Ph.D. research on urban mobility, specially dedicated to walkability, in an inter/multimodal, inclusive, and participatory perspective.
The form link is found below. It starts with a brief explanation of the proposal and the Consent Form, then moving on to the questionnaire itself.
- Form in English: <https://forms.gle/uEbwPvFbUL9Ly3R56>
- Form in Portuguese (if you prefer): <https://forms.gle/QQogLjupNG1Kgves7>
- At the beginning of the form, there are instructions for translating into other languages, if necessary.
Globally and mandatorily, this questionnaire has 222 questions with multiple choice answers, except for two open-ended questions (one for the name of your city and the last one for optional comments or suggestions), with an estimated duration of 30 minutes.
This research has as its target audience only professionals who work in urban planning, mainly dedicated to the theme of urban mobility, in public or private institutions, including academic-scientific. Planners, designers, researchers, and teachers are invited to respond. There are no restrictions about their professional qualification (for example, in Urban Planning, Architecture, Engineering, Geography, Public Health, Environmental Psychology, Tourism, Sociology, Anthropology, etc.), as long as they have some experience in the subject.
If you have any questions or would like to request further information, feel free to write on this forum. Or you can contact me by email: <email@example.com>.
Thank you for your attention.
Does anyone know of a university that has good laboratory equipment and I can continue my research on concrete there?
I am very interested in research on concrete, but unfortunately my city university is very weak. If anyone knows a good professor and a good university, I would appreciate it.
This is my project of Focus for humanity, especially those whom are students in need of a DOE school; however, this will do for all humanity that needs to grow academically.
The Teacher, Tutor & Mentor!
'Teacher, Tutor, Mentor Academics Converter System'
I have implemented genetic algorithm with partially mapped crossover for solving tsp. Here I'm using different random.seed vlaues(24,42,72,112). When I run the algorithm , can I get the same graph with different seed values without changing the parameters but city co-ordinates are randomly generated.
Please can anyone answer..
How can one estimate the quantity of water that can be recovered from a wastewater treatment plant?
Many utilities in cities are nowadays exploring how to reuse water (treated effluent) from their treatment plants for potable and non-potable purposes. I am wondering if there is any research or studies that look into how to estimate the quantity water that can be obtained from such water reuse initiatives. Of course I understand that any calculations would include aspects like evaporation, potential leakages within the treatment plant as well as any portion of water that is not recoverable. I would happy to have anyone point me to any relevant studies they have encountered on these issues.
I am researching the peculiarities of the planning organization of the territory of the "innovation city".
Interested in your opinion about the following question. Are "innovative city" and "smart city" the same thing from a planning point of view?
Almost all of the recent experiments usually smaller than microscopic size, moleculer, even in nanometre size or more scrutinize than that.
It maybe not a matter for rich countries have complete and supporting tools, divices and compatible researchers. But how about small city in developing country that also very less for those have been mentioned ?
Is it still possible to explore macroscopic aspects that "maybe" not too expensive cost ?
I am looking for daily/ monthly / annual temperature and precipitation data for southern African Cities and National parks. If there is anyone with a link, please help and also on how to extract it. I tried Worldclim.org/data but cant extract it....is there a special software for this?
The development of smart cities is a part of the broader concept of sustainable pro-ecological development based on the use of modern, innovative information technologies and in addition to ecology.
In this way, the development of smart cities also improves people's lives and can make people happier.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
- What are some of the most important biophilic design strategies? How biophilia impacts the built environment?
- In terms of biophilic design, why do we think it’s important that we have easy access to nature in our cities?
- What are our biggest hopes for biophilic design and biomimicry? What is our vision of the city of the future?
Does anyone know where I can find publicly available travel surveys from low and middle income countries and cities?
Travel surveys such as travel diaries (with trip purpose, mode, time, possibly distance) - and also user intercept surveys.
According to ASHRAE the values of tb and td for Atlantic, I want their values according to cities or latitude and longitude
If I were to make a half dome as an umbrella to protect a city from rain and sun how would I proceed. Are there special materials or do you have an idea on how to make this? What do you say about an energy shield ?
How can heavy metals be eliminated in a laboratory?
We have significant amounts of heavy metals in our laboratory, and we would like to know the process of removal or degradation before we discard them.
Unfortunately, there is no company that deals with this process in our city. That's why we are looking for an elimination process.
Thank's in Advance
Urbanization, besides different benefits over time, has also caused various diseases. In addition to biological factors, environmental factors such as urban lifestyle also play a role in cancer. Is Cancer an Urban Disease? As an urban planner, how do you analyze the impact of the city on cancer?
I want to measure the ratio of open spaces such as parks and gardens to the number of children in a city.
There are quite a few parks in the city, and their width and fun park vehicles are also very few.
However, my understatement is not based on a scale. I want to compare it with other cities and reach a conclusion based on the number of children in the available park areas. I need sample research and scales on this subject. I would also like to benefit from studies evaluating the subject in terms of city planning approaches.
Thank you for all the help.
I am trying to do a linear regression with walking speed of pedestrians as the dependent and population size as the independent variable. I have collected the same amount of samples (200) for each city. Other studies work with the average walking speed per city. My guess is because they have an unequal sample size. My question is, should I regress with all the samples or should I use the aggregated values (average walking speed) for my regressison?
Hello to all!
Recently, I am researching on the changes in urban jobs (modernization of jobs, replacement of new jobs with old ones, developing online and smart jobs, etc.) and its impact on the formation and morphological changes of cities.
My problem is that despite a lot of searching in books and articles (especially in google scholar), I haven't yet been able to find appropriate sources for this research.
What do you suggest to me? also im wondering if you know any appropriate articles related to this research, may you introduce to me? Even interduce the important researchers who have done research in this field?
Thanks in advance for your help
I have created a machine/deep learning to predict the Spatio-temporal distribution of parking occupancy rates in city A. Then I want to apply the developed model for scenario experiments, e.g., to know how a newly constructed hospital in block X influences parking occupancy. The presence of hospitals is considered in the modeling development process. My question is that can I directly do this, by making up an input variable corresponding to the tested scenario, to know the effects.
Support: the model learns the implicit relations between the presence of the hospital and the parking occupancy, it should be able to make the predictions.
Against: the model is constructed based on the data collected in city A. The additional hospital in block X creates a virtual city that is not city A and therefore, the approach is not valid.
Any replies or recommendations for related articles are appreciated.
I have average level household- income data of 26 statistical divisions of Turkey (NUTS 2). I need to break down and estimate this data to city (81 sub division NUTS 3) or town level (LAU) level to assess economic conditions of each local area. I have demographic data at the city and town levels. I did some research in the small area estimation field, but I couldn't find the exact method which proposes solution for my research question given above. Can you please recommend any book, article, or method on this case? Thank you very much.
I have a question regarding how to find and calculate the average precipitation of an entire city using different observation stations' datasets.
I'd be glad if someone could inform me how to solve this issue.
Thanks in advance
Best of luck
In response to the challenge of today's cities, can the smart city approach in low-tech countries also be a solution for their cities, or is it only for developed countries?
I'm planning on doing research about the relationship between city components (like buildings, streets, open areas, vegetation and etc.) and the thermal comfort of a city.
I would like to know there are any special methods, software for this.
We're conducting research that require a trash filling model as our input: trash bin locations and filling level in a city. Is there yet any method to create a realistic model to generate this data?
If there is no one correct tool, maybe anyone knows a data generator model that can be fed on a data and generate the same pattern randomly?
We would be happy if you have trash filling dataset for us to cite.
I will use a survey in 3 settings ( A.B.C) in one city. Setting A is holding the National training programme in the country.
I find that the program was changed according to the needs of staff in each setting(B,C), but in setting A, it has branches around the country that used the same national training programme and applied it in another region in the country with no changes. So the national training program is the same in one setting in my study setting but modified in the other settings in the same city( setting B, C).
I am still waiting for the ethics committee approval in setting C, but I got the approval from A, which I can request amendment and collect the data from the settings using the same national program in different regions. Do you think an excellent chance to have a great study collecting the data from the setting that used the national programme in different regions or collecting the data from one city in different settings that provide the modified training in different objectives?
I hope to hear your suggestions.
Given millions of GPS points located in the same area. What would be the least cost method to extract all the neighboring points of each entry in the dataset ( i.e. all the points that are within a given range of another one) ?
It is to be noted that this process will only be done once for the entire dataset.
Is there any dataset available containing the mobility patterns of people within any city? Can we know which places people have visited in different time intervals with exact location information (i.e geo coordinates latitude and longitude)?
It is ok to have data annonymized to preserve the identity of individuals.
Have you ever met some indicator which has been created basing on data from specific area and then has been used for calculating the value in different area despite the fact, that the result might be less accurate than in the origin area?
Example: In the City of Boston (USA) an indicator for the forecast of the increase of air pollution has been invited. It bases on the population density, the degree of city ventilation and the area of green spaces. Let's call it 'The Boston Indicator'. Someone in Tokio uses this indicator for his city, despite the fact that the city ventilation has smaller role than in Bostone. Nevertheless the indicator is still good enough.
For sure there are alot of similar situation in the real world but I cannot remind myself any fo them. Are you able to help me?
I hope my question is quite clear - if not,please don't hesitate to ask a question.
Thanks in advance!
I want to apply clustering tasks for city traffic time series for a research in Intelligent Transportation Systems.
Can you recommend a city traffic dataset that contains the speed, flow, or occupancy measurements for roads and also contains the type of traffic pattern for each road? This type can be provided as a class label for each road, or a class label for each day measurements on each road (a class label for the whole time series).
Any help is much appreciated, thanks in advance.
I am particularly interested in cities in the Global South. The Asian Development Bank and the World Bank report data for nations rather than cities. I already know about EPOMM but it only covers European cities. Perhaps the OECD-ITF or UITP?
My team developed a survey to investigate issues related to intelligent transport solutions in cities. I would be very grateful if you could fill in the questionnaire, which can be found at the link: https://forms.gle/2694VFj3XFaXb3qv8.
Thank you in advance for your help!
I am looking for case studies/examples of either succesful and unsuccesful place branding strategies followed by SMST - Small and Medium Sized Towns.
I am particularly interested in those that were affected by processes of decline - economy, population, deindustrialization, etc. -.
Dear fellow researchers,
I have a question concerning LCZ modelling for a masterplan. My case study is on a new city the city is still under construction not completed yet. I want to classify it's masterplan to LCZ to evaluate its behavior from an urban climate point of view. Is it possible to create a map of LCZ since the remote sensing is not an option in this case because nothing is completely built. Can you recommend a tool that I could work with
Thank you in advance.
I'm looking for Egyptian architects and urbanists who, at some point along their line of work, explored the representation of cities, societies and cultures in Egyptian films.
It would be very helpful. Much appreciated
There is a network of weather meteorological stations in a city and I would like to assess the representative ratio of each one. Would you suggest to me a methodology to do this assessment? Thanks
how to assess urban climate of city master plan before implementation. How urban planners can assess and evaluate the behavior of a proposed master plan for a new city (new development) before implementation to find the vulnerable zones and enhance this zones performance for climate proof cities.
Does anyone know if there is any rainfall threshold (mm/year, month or day, etc.) for a city to be considered "rainy" or "very rainy"? Or the rainfall intensity thresholds (weak, moderate, heavy, etc.)? Are there any international standards, for example from ISO or another institution? If there is a reference to support it, it will help better.
Ditto for wind speed thresholds (m/s or kt) for a place to be considered "windy". Does anyone know any references?
Thank you in advance for your attention.
I have been looking for information on non volant mammals (excluding domestic mammals) in chinese cities and so far I've been unable to find this info. I'd appreciate any information or reference you could provide!
We are working on a project entitled: Tourism and technology "Developing e-tourism for the city of Tire".
I would like any related ideas that you think are good to be proposed; Also, any similar example that enriches our work.
Thanks in advance for your participation.