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BOOK DESCRIPTION This book shows how social work can be an active agent for promoting revolutionary changes in order to counter the global neoliberal market fundamentalism which is destroying our planet and reinforcing socioeconomic inequalities, political instability, antidemocratic political ideologies and movements, small wars, conflicts, racism...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has relegated pathologies that were previously commonplace to a secondary context. Therefore, it is necessary to study the evolution of these diseases in the presence or absence of COVID-19. Objective: The present study had the following objectives: 1. to evaluate the relationship between the COVID-19 epidemic and the possib...
Article
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Background: Early Psychological First Aid (PFA) has been widely recommended for preventing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, its lack of empirical evidence of safety and effectiveness has been criticized. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of PFA-ABCDE, an original PFA protocol, for preventing PTSD one month after the intervent...
Article
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Rica, se comparten bajo términos de la Licencia Creative Commons: Reconocimiento, No Comercial, Sin Obra Derivada 3.0 Costa Rica. Las autorizaciones adicionales a las aquí delimitadas se pueden obtener en el correo: educare@una.cr https://doi.org/10.15359/ree.26-1.9 https://www.revistas.una.ac.cr/index.php/educare Validación del cuestionario de Com...
Book
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This book explores the role of Chineseness or lo chino in the production of Chilean national identity. It does so by discussing the many voices, images, and intentions of diverse actors who contribute to stereotyping or problematizing Chineseness in Chile. The authors argue that in general, representing and perceiving China or Chineseness as the Ot...
Article
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Petit-spot volcanoes provide a unique opportunity to directly examine the structure and geochemical composition of the lithospheric and asthenospheric mantle beneath the subducting oceanic crust. Currently, petit-spot volcanos—formed in response to the flexure of subducting oceanic plates—are known to exist off the Japan, Java, Chile and Mariana tr...
Article
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Background Data on functioning and disability collected at population level is essential to complement mortality and morbidity, to estimate rehabilitation needs of countries and regions and to monitor the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The objective of this paper is to brie...
Article
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Objective To reanalyze a clinical trial on the effectiveness of a Brief Intervention (BI) delivered by non-professionals to reduce risky alcohol drinking. Our previous null-hypothesis test of the effects of the BI yielded a ‘non-significant’ p-value, yet remained uninformative. Here we use the Bayesian paradigm which allows for expressing the proba...
Article
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Background The silver wattle Acacia dealbata is a fast-growing tree from Australia that has become naturalised in different regions of the world, attaining invasive status in most of them. In Chile, A. dealbata reaches large abundances along banks and floodplains of invaded fluvial systems, suggesting that rivers may act as a vector for seed disper...
Article
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Deforestation and forest degradation are among the main biodiversity loss drivers worldwide. The expansion of productive activities, such as forest plantations, often results in the loss and degradation of native forests, affecting native species in many ways. While many studies have assessed the effects of habitat degradation on taxonomic diversit...
Article
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Resumo. A pesquisa objetivou analisar como a formação inicial de um curso de pedagogia em Educação Física (EF) do Chile aborda o tema avaliação e quais são suas influências e impactos na ação docente na prática cotidiana. Caracterizou-se como qualiquantitativa do tipo descritiva, utilizando como instrumentos de coleta o questionário com questões fe...
Poster
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The sixth international congress of lnnovation and Sustainability is coorganized by the Red Iberoamericana para la Competitividad, lnnovacion y Desarrollo (REDCID), Real Academia de Ciencias Economicas y Financieras (Spain), University of Barcelona (Spain), Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo (Mexico ), Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnolo...
Article
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Unique fog ecosystems that occur inland along the Chilean coastal desert are dominated by Tillandsia landbeckii. The average annual precipitation in this hyperarid area lies below 1 mm per year. Tillandsia are specialized in the foliar uptake of fog as a main source of water. The detailed mapping of the distribution of Tillandsia is lacking, making...
Article
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This study evaluates the emotionality associated with vaccination against COVID-19 using the sentiment analysis technique of tweets in Spanish-speaking Ibero-American countries. Method: In January 2021 a mixed cross-sectional observational study of 41 023 tweets from nine Spanish-speaking Ibero-American countries (Chile, El Salvador, Venezuela, Ec...
Article
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Understanding the changes in early growth efficiency (GE, growth/leaf area) may improve forest production through the selection of appropriate genotypes at early stages. We inves-tigated different early growth responses of genotypes of Eucalyptus globulus (7), E. nitens(3), and E. nitens × E globulus (E. gloni) (7) in south-central Chile. To evalua...
Article
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In June 2020 appeared the first cases of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) associated with COVID-19 in Chile. Possible sequelae associated with this condition are still unknown. Objective: To describe the functional status of children with MIS-C admitted to a high complexity Hospital. Patients and Method: Descriptive, prospectiv...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Small coastal rivers often discharge directly into the surfzone, where the fate of river‐borne materials such as sediment, nutrients and contaminants is determined by the combined effects of buoyant plume processes, wave‐driven dynamics and turbulence. In this work we present field measurements at the mouth of Río Maipo, a sm...
Preprint
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This is an Author’s Original Manuscript (AOM) of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Global Public Health on 11-08-2022, available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17441692.2022.2111452
Article
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Ash emission in explosive silicic eruptions can have widespread impacts for human health, agriculture, infrastructure, and aviation. Estimates of the total grainsize distribution (TGSD) generated during explosive magma fragmentation underpins eruption models and ash dispersal forecasts. Conventionally, the TGSD constrained via erupted deposits is a...
Article
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The nitrate fie lds in Chile are exceptional for their mineral content and unknown origin and serve as an excellent example how a chemical technology can arise to create a very large and almost exclusive market, to be sent then almost into oblivion by competing technologies. The income from sodium nitrate export provided for many years almost 50% o...
Article
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Knowing the state of mental health research in adolescents and youth can be an important tool for decision-making, especially in contexts of limited resources. The aim of this study is to map the scientific research on adolescent and youth mental health in Chile using an ontological framework. We have mapped the population of research articles on m...
Chapter
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Presentación crítica, por parte de Minor E. Salas, a la obra de Karl Engisch: Sentido y Alcance de la Sistemática Jurídica, Editores Olejnik, Santiago de Chile, 2020.
Article
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Desde las últimas décadas del siglo xix y durante la primera mitad del siglo siguiente, la feminización del magisterio primario se consolidó como un fenómeno generalizado en varios países de Latinoamérica. Este artículo analiza comparativamente este proceso, identificando los factores materiales y simbólicos que posibilitaron el incremento sostenid...
Article
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Information collected from a complete female juvenile individual of Gray's beaked whale (Mesoplodon grayi) stranded on the Guanaqueros coast, Coquimbo Region in Chile (30°S) is provided. Difficulties to differentiate specimens of Gray's beaked whale and Hector's beaked whale (M. hectori) are discussed based on the use of diagnostic phenotypic chara...
Article
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A systematic review of standardized instruments to measure the doctor-patient relationship The current health situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a reconfiguration of the doctor-patient relationship. We performed a systematic review to comparatively evaluate the instruments most used to study communication in the doctor-patient r...
Article
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Resumen. Se dan a conocer nuevos registros de Loxosceles pallalla para la Región de Coquimbo en base a dos machos recolectados en ambientes naturales. Se discute acerca de la distribución y endemicidad de la especie en Chile y, además, se entrega una breve descripción para facilitar el reconocimiento de la especie y nuevos datos acerca de su histor...
Chapter
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En el primero de ellos, “Capital y prácticas científicas para la innovación, las transferencias tecnológicas y el desarrollo regional”, Héctor Solórzano Navarro investiga sobre la relación entre la institucionalidad científica universitaria y su rol respecto del desarrollo y la innovación de la Región de Tarapacá, Chile. El autor advierte las debil...
Article
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Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) de 2015 establecen como meta al 2030 “asegurar el acceso de todas las personas a viviendas y servicios básicos adecuados, seguros y asequibles y mejorar los barrios marginales”, además de “garantizar la disponibilidad de agua y su gestión sostenible y el saneamiento para todos”. Se propone reflexionar y...
Article
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Resumen La ansiedad hacia la evaluación puede ser un factor determinante en el desempeño de los discentes. El presente estudio de tipo cuantitativo, de diseño no experimental y de corte transversal realizado en Chile, tuvo como objetivo identificar las diferencias en el nivel de ansiedad hacia los exámenes de inglés en un grupo de 1.093 estudiantes...
Article
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El mercado de viviendas en Chile, basado en madera, requiere una revisión complementaria en función de las ventajas competitivas que posee este material respecto a sus prestaciones técnicas y propiedades estructurales, para fortalecer el cumplimiento de la Ordenanza General de Urbanismo y Construcción [OGUC] chileno y los Códigos de Construcción Su...
Article
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La única de Lupe Marín: un bildungsroman femenino en el México de la posrevolución 1 La única by Lupe Marín: a feminine bildungsroman in post-revolutionary Mexico Lorena GARRIDO DONOSO 2 Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile lorena.garrido@upla.cl Resumen El presente ensayo tiene por objetivo analizar la novela La única de Guadalupe Marín desde una per...
Article
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El artículo busca entender cómo los estudiantes de clases bajas y medias-bajas viven subjetivamente su ingreso y estadía en ocho instituciones universitarias de élite en Chile. Utilizando la metodología de retratos sociológicos, los resultados muestran que, si bien estos jóvenes perciben su ingreso a la universidad de élite como un logro, a su vez,...
Book
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El presente documento responde al compromiso adquirido por INIA La Cruz para desarrollar un manual técnico sobre el proceso de osmosis inversa. Esto es parte de las responsabilidades establecidas en el Convenio de Colaboración y Transferencia entre la Comisión Nacional de Riego y el Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias para el “Mejoramiento e...
Article
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Review. Alejandra Coz Rosenfeld. La lava. Ediciones Sangría, 2021
Article
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The aim of this article is to read four works from the recent Chilean literary field as a series of reflections on print culture. These novels start from the premise that print has been profoundly affected by the digital revolution. In the first part of the article, I develop a theoretical model to understand the effect of digital on print based on...
Article
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The degree of persistence of the real gross domestic product per capita, total factor productivity and labour productivity has been examined in a group of 23 developed and developing nations, as well as the overall Euro Area, by evaluating the order of integration of the macroeconomic series over the annual period from 1890 to 2019. As against the...
Chapter
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Las políticas públicas son los grandes lineamientos rectores, por lo que un país decide transitar, son respuestas contingentes a la situación de un país y corresponden a los cursos de acción y flujos de información relacionados con un objetivo publico definido en forma democrática y son desarrollados por el sector público y frecuentemente con la pa...
Article
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Getting a good understanding regarding the economic and environmental performance of water utilities is of great importance to achieve the goal of an efficient and sustainable industry. In this study, we apply the range adjusted measure (RAM) data envelopment analysis (DEA) model to evaluate the integrated (production and environmental) efficiency...
Article
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Background: Bariatric surgery is a safe and effective method to lose weight over time. However, some patients fail to achieve healthy weight losses. We aimed to determine if a moderate-intensity physical exercise intervention in patients who underwent bariatric surgery increases their functional capacity thus improving bariatric surgery results....
Article
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This study compared different approaches to measuring breast density and breast tissue composition (BTC) in adolescent girls (n = 42, aged 14–16 years) and their mothers (n = 39, aged 36–61 years) from a cohort in Santiago, Chile. Optical spectroscopy (OS) was used to measure collagen, water, and lipid concentrations, which were combined into a per...
Article
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RESUMEN El artículo ilustra algunas de las ambivalencias culturales acerca del divorcio de los padres en el discurso de niños, niñas y adultos, a la luz de herramientas conceptuales proporcionadas por los estudios culturales británicos. Se desarrollaron entrevistas grupales triangulares, con personas de distintos estratos socioeconómicos de Santiag...
Poster
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Rhionaeschna variegata (Odonata: Aeshnidae) is the world’s southern-most occurring dragonfly. Its distribution ranges from northern Chile to the Cape Horn archipelago in southern South America. The species has been poorly studied and little is known of its biology. Morphological features can be phenotypically important and can indicate responses or...
Article
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Sibling aggression is an agonistic behavior among chicks of the same nest that occurs soon after hatching. Despite its occurrence being well-documented in several species of raptors, information available for Neotropical species is scarce. During the breeding season of 2013-2014, we conducted behavioral observations on the nests of two pairs of the...
Book
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La Sustentabilidad Urbana (SU) ha devenido con el tiempo en una temática de emergente interés por parte de diversos grupos académicos, pero también políticos y de la comunidad en general. Lo anterior ha tenido como consecuencia la preocupación por parte de estudiantes de aprender respecto de la temática, para profundizar en su comprensión y su apli...
Preprint
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The MCAO Assisted Visible Imager and Spectrograph (MAVIS) is currently in preliminary design for the ESO VLT in Chile, and is set to deliver diffraction limited science in V-band over a wide (30"x30") field of view. In order for MAVIS to capitalise on its high angular resolution over a large science field, a sensitive astrometric calibration proces...
Article
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Riqueza y representación taxonómica del género Platanus en Santiago (Chile) basada en procedimiento PCR del gen LFY-i2 Richness and taxonomic representation of the genus Platanus in Santiago (Chile) based on PCR procedure on the LEAFY gene (LFY-i2) RESUMEN Las especies del género Platanus se encuentran ampliamente distribuidas en el globo, por su u...
Book
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Es un placer para la WFOT, Federación Mundial de Terapeutas Ocupacionales, hacer presencia en la segunda edición de este libro. Con él se busca registrar el transcurrir histórico de la profesión desde diferentes miradas y concepciones, bajo los hilos conductores de la terapia ocupacional en Sur América (...) En este libro se incluyen las reflexione...
Article
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The commodification of healthcare and the structural violence towards the migrant population in the Chilean system materialize in a series of structural barriers to accessing healthcare. In the face of this structural vulnerability, cross-border health mobility is one of the primary resources of indigenous border migrants living in the Tarapacá reg...
Article
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This article reports the presence of Alsodes gargola Gallardo, 1970 in Paso Las Golondrinas, south of Lago Verde village, Aysén Region, Chile. To validate our finding, we made a phylogenetic analysis with the mitochondrial gene cytochrome b. This record extends the distribution range of this species, which inhabits Chile and Argentina, 130 km to th...
Conference Paper
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Molinet, C.; Arévalo, A.; Díaz, M., Díaz, P. 2008. Uso del borde costero en al mar interior de la Región de Aysén y de Los Lagos: escalas e interacción de los procesos de pesca y acuicultura. En A. Lovatelli; A. Farías; I. Uriarte (eds). Taller regional de la FAO sobre el Estado Actual del Cultivo y Manejo de Moluscos Bivalvos y su Proyección Futur...
Article
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Exposure to community reservoirs of gram-negative antibiotic-resistant bacteria (GN-ARB) genes poses substantial health risks to individuals, complicating potential infections. Transmission networks and population dynamics remain unclear, particularly in resource-poor communities. We use a dynamic compartment model to assess GN-ARB transmission qua...
Article
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Degradation of ecosystems is one of the main causes of the global decline in biodiversity. Many species are threatened with extinction and urgent actions are needed. Chloraea disoides is a critically endangered terrestrial orchid endemic to Chile. Our main goal was to evaluate the effect of three culture media in the asymbiotic germination of this...
Conference Paper
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Desde fi nes del Jurásico a comienzos del Cenozoico todo América del Sur se vio afectada por un régimen tectónico extensional generalizado, relacionado a la ruptura del supercontinente Gondwana y la apertura del Océano Atlántico al este (Galliski y Viramonte 1988). En particular, desde el noroeste de Argentina (NOA, principalmente Salta y Jujuy), n...
Article
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In the following article I seek to investigate a hitherto forgotten but emerging aspect of Latin American critical and cultural studies, namely, the migration and diaspora of transgen-der youth and crossdresser from the Southern Cone to the United States for artistic, creative and humanitarian purposes. I say forgotten inasmuch as the sensitivities...
Article
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Can natural disasters affect voters’ electoral choices, and in particular, ideological voting? Even as climate change has increased concerns about the frequency and intensity of disasters, the effects of these negative events on voter behavior are not yet fully understood. Though ideological labels are known to be informative heuristics, the litera...
Article
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This article draws upon findings from fieldwork conducted with Chilean mental health practitioners and school staff to explore how children’s mental health diagnoses can be used in the school setting as a particular rationale to mobilise and convey new forms of care practices (Mol, The logic of care: Health and the problem of patient choice, 2008)....
Article
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In Global South countries, ageing is an incoming phenomenon with socio-spatial implications that are not much explored yet. Global North countries are already facing ageing trends with significant territorial consequences, such as declining populations that contribute to making certain areas marginal. However, different factors may determine the ma...
Article
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The unique geography of Chile encompasses a wide diversity of ecosystems and a rich biodiversity. However, the platyhelminth fauna has been poorly studied. The aim of this work is to compile the historical record of freshwater planarians described for this country. We accessed worldwide databases and published articles to provide a comprehensive re...
Article
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Este artículo estudia la situación de los centros educativos de educación secudaria de Argentina, Chile y Uruguay para enseñar con tecnologías digitales en el momento previo a la irrupción de la panemdia por covid-19. La evidencia que se presenta proviene de la base de datos PISA 2018 y del cuestionario a los equipos directivos a los formularios au...
Article
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Se presenta un estudio cualitativo que tiene por objetivo describir las posiciones discursivas de estudiantes, docentes y familias respecto de la ciudadanía. Se realizaron 16 grupos de conversación a 107 participantes de centros educativos de dos ciudades chilenas. Tras un análisis estructural, los hallazgos dan cuenta de una estructura discursiva...
Article
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El estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer las experiencias de maternidad de mujeres haitianas, indagando en los factores que facilitan o dificultan el cuidado de la salud de sus hijos en Chile. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa, basada en 20 entrevistas semi-estructuradas a mujeres migrantes, facilitadores interculturales e integrantes de equipo...
Article
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Chile se ha vuelto un país receptor de población migrante internacional en los últimos años, con creciente influjo en el tiempo. Dentro de los desafíos de la migración internacional se encuentra el acceso equitativo y oportuno de migrantes internacionales al sistema de salud, reportándose diversas barreras para el acceso a la atención de salud. Den...
Conference Paper
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Fairness Theory and Social Exchange Theory are used to analyze the mediation role of justice climate in the participative leadership behaviors-team learning relation in a sample of 171 work teams operating in Chile. Results show that participative leadership behaviors have a direct positive effect on team learning, as well as an indirect effect par...
Book
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El ciclo de conferencias 2018 titulado “Tarea crítica de la Educación Inclusiva: contingencias epistémicas, emergencias metodológicas y discusiones para el presente”, organizadas por el Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos de Educación Inclusiva (CELEI) de Chile, alberga en esta versión, un total de once conferencias internacionales, a cargo de dest...
Article
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Esta investigación tiene por objetivo describir las actitudes de los adultos sobre el consumo sustentable desde la perspectiva de los objetivos de desarrollo sostenible (ODS). El estudio del consumo sustentable se vincula con el comportamiento que busca satisfacer necesidades, procurando el desarrollo de acciones que puedan contribuir a mitigar o d...
Article
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El dossier que hoy presentamos, se propuso ambiciosamente poner a disposición de la comunidad académica, política y de las organizaciones sociales, la discusión y avances en el estudio de aspectos que pueden haber sido descuidados o insuficien-temente abordados en torno a niños, niñas y adolescentes -la tensión con la visión adultocéntrica dominant...