Science topic

Child Care - Science topic

Care of children in the home or institution.
Questions related to Child Care
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
Corporal punishment, violent communication, humiliation...by parents and teachers.
Relevant answer
Answer
Violence towards children never lead to good results
Adults who suffered violence in childhood usually abuse others around them
Talking and explaining and discussing a bad behavior and explaining serious consequences would be much better understood and internalized much more than an aggressive approach.
Also violence infront of other poeple will definitely be modelled by the abused child with peer groups or as an adult.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
Imagine, you collected data on achievement in reading in only two countries. In each country you surveyed two groups, immigrants and natives. In country 1, the difference in achievement between the two groups is 30 points. In country 2, the difference is 100. In country 1, immigrant families had access to child care therefore their kids have been learning the native language very early. In country 2, immigrant families did not have access to child care. This also shows in the questionnaires: in country 1, there is only a small ethnic difference in the attendance within early child education; in country 2, there is a larger gap. In country 1, immigrant and native families do not differ so much in SES; in country 2, there is a large gap in SES between immigrant and native families.
In this setting, you have a context effect (access to early education) and a composition effect (SES of families). Your hypothesis is that context matters more and can compensate for a disadvantageous social origin. How would you study and test whether context explains more of the regional difference between immigrant and native families compared to composition?
Relevant answer
Answer
Think that a multilevel/hierachical model is needed. Level 2: country (context). Level 1: people (composition). Evaluate the variance distribution between levels: is the variance intra-countries higher than inter-countries? Or, having the random effect (context) known, what about the correlation of the fixed effect (SES)?
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
27 answers
Dear friends
There are a few theories on child development. I have always been interested in the teaching of Piaget but recently I thought alot about this subject since I became a father. My question is, which theory do you think best describes the development of a child and the developmental stages it goes trough. Your thoughts?
Best wishes Henrik
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks a lot for the good question!
With great pleasure, I can offer you the works of L. S. Vygotsky, D. B. Elkonin, and V. V. Davydov.
Health and only positive!
With deep respect, Vоlоdymyr Naumchuk
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
3 answers
The global pandemic has hit hard on families from different angles. The economic, religious, political and other aspects of society have been shaken and disrupted. Technology has now an even more significant and central place in our lives.
Children have also been greatly affected by the various disruptions in social life, school schedules, etc.
How are we cushioning them against adverse effects of these disruptions on their mental wellbeing?
Relevant answer
Answer
The parents are cushioning their children from adverse effects of the covid pandemic by sparing quality time, discussing their issues, and having healthy discourse on their personal and professional life. Even then the children are devoting more time with their parents, but they still miss their friends, school-life and outdoor games. To further cope up with the stress caused by these factors, the parents need to be quite patient and composed to deal with any kind of mood swings, irritability, and impulsiveness displayed by their children. It is a very tough time for both the parents and children to adapt to changing lifestyles. However, we should always focus on our mental health and well-being. Certainly, some kind of Yoga, exercises, meditation, Ayurvedic medicines, Herbal and home-made healthy food items have made our children stronger to deal with the adversities. We need to learn to manage disharmony and restore the balanced lifestyle.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
18 answers
How are you dealing with anxiety and psychological injuries among the juniors during this COVID-19 lockdown? Please share your activities to encourage others.
Relevant answer
Answer
Give tasks which they can perform on time limit. So that they can spent their time on other activities such as meditation, play with child, exercise, etc.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
16 answers
👥Have you ever encountered with an issue with your kids or family at large? 👩‍👩‍👧‍👧
I have the following house rules for my family:
💚Help each other
💚Always tell the truth
💚Share
💚Do your best
💚Be thankful
💚Dream big and
💚Hug often. They work very well for my house. I am always trying to make my house a better version of family today than yesterday. With that said, what are your house rules you can proudly share with me???
Relevant answer
Answer
Obedience and politeness to all
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
5 answers
Child participants in research have a measure of vulnerability that requires strict ethical measures to handle it. In the wake of human rights and awareness of various laws, will research on minors become more complex?
Relevant answer
Its complex due to stringent conditions and measures a researcher must undergo to conduct such study with minors. Research that has to do with minors relating to health issues, psychological issues, emotional abuses and mental health issues etc are very difficult to ascertain with minors as your subjects. One need to undergo a thorough ethical guidelines and assessment procedures.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
5 answers
The style life would be a good argument for the anxiety disorder. The events stressful and the environment involved in the process of child care could be interrelated for the development of anxiety, panic's trastorns and the physical illness. Is enough the investigation about this?
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
39 answers
A parent must guard his or her vocabulary. There are some words that people should never say to each other in a family. Words such as stupid, dump, idiot.....? What are words that people should never say to each other in a family?
Relevant answer
Answer
"You are good for nothing"
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
21 answers
What is the best way to train a year old boy to become academically smart?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you all respected scholars for your response
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
i am research scholar and need help in modelling.
i want to check the impact of child care practices on child disease (for example fever) and the impact of disease on child's nutritional level. can i do this in one model, or can use some other statistical/econometric model to capture this impact.
thank
best
atta
Relevant answer
Answer
See A. Lazaridis: Dynamic Systems in Management Science. Design, Esstimation and Control, 2015, Palgrave Macmillan, UK, pp. 252-268
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
5 answers
Are the results of test affected by the food and condition of the patient?
Relevant answer
Answer
I appreciate your great feedback and thank you so much your response
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
26 answers
some people believe that when busy parents do not have a lot of time to spend with their children, the best use of that time is to have fun playing games or sports. others believe that it is best to use time doing things together that are related to schoolwork. which of the two approaches do you prefer?
Relevant answer
Answer
I think that their job is to spend more time with their children
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
9 answers
What about the 2012 Red Book recommendations for household contacts aged less than 12 months? 
Relevant answer
Answer
Any baby born with a hepatitis B positive household member should have Hepatitis B vaccination within the first 24 hours of being born.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
8 answers
Sometimes adults try to impose their ideas of art making. Canvas and brush seem to be "the top" of art (maybe because it can be exhibit), but: is it a solution for early learners (1-2 years old) ? Their motor skills and references are very limited, so why not another kind of artworks?
Relevant answer
Answer
To me the real question is: why teach arts to 1-2 years old? Never too early to start?...
The first years need is to be cared for, to attaint a secure socioemotional development and all the skills that make possible to relate to the envirnment (physical and social)
Obviosly if we create experiences that relate to esthetics and arts no doubt the child will be learning, ... just like anything else
Too often early education is based on the epistemologic fields, at least it is so in my country, and the curricula of the different sciences is simplified and adapted to shorter and shorter ages. But in doing so we forget the child, in my opinion it is necessary to adopt a developemental perspective, especially at these ages. In doing so will be encouraging their senses, autonomy, and their expression
... not so used to use English anymore
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
3 answers
I am trying to understand if universities in the US are different in their tenure clock extension policies. I was wondering if there are any of them that grant an automatic extension to the faculty member, however, it might take some time for the committee to process and approve the request in other universities. I could not find anything online. Thank you for your help.
Relevant answer
Answer
Curious which you think is desirable? Automatic extension or giving person the choice? I've known women who didn't want to delay.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
6 answers
my research topic is on factors influencing low access of the girl-child in primary schools.My respondents are parents with girls who are out of school, and the girls who are out of school
Relevant answer
Answer
I fully agree with Ben that saturation is the test.
Adding to this, I would remind that purposive sampling is predominantly, if not always, for qualitative research. In principle, for any qualitative research, numbers do not matter any more. Numbers may relate to the achievement of data saturation but it is not always the case. It is the relevance of the participants that contributes most to saturation. For example, in your situation, your participants are parents with girls who are out of school and the girls who are out of school. We have to acknowledge the fact that some participants are thoughtful, reflective, articulate, expressive but some other participants are the opposite. If you are unlucky and always get the latter, then it is likely that even though you interview a dozen, and you start to get similar responses, it is still not the sign of saturation. Getting the 'right' respondents is more important than the sample size. Depending on the nature of your topic, sometimes you capture a dozen of great categories from 3-5 participants, but sometimes you end up getting three to five categories from a dozen of participants. Starting to see similar/same categories is not always the sign of saturation, and I would call it 'pseudo-saturation' if the premature appearance of same categories is due to the lower level of respondents. I would not go into details about 'level' of respondents to avoid deviation.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
The safety of child in shopping malls has been a concern, as they are prone to injury, missing and abduction if left unattended. Hence, a study on the safety measures taken by parents is planned, to assess parents practice of handling their child in shopping malls. 
Relevant answer
Answer
  Hi David,
That's a tough one. You could create a rubric of parental monitoring behaviours and use this for behavioural coding under direct field observation. That methodology would best suit a qualitative study.
On the other extreme, you would most likely need to developed your own scale from the few existing scales with a "parental monitoring" factor. That in itself is challenging and you may only be able to establish some basic evidence for the psychometric properties, and they may not be robust enough to deploy in a subsequent quantitative study.
You maybe able to use SEQ and work with some of the parenting style scales and parental monitoring, but you would still need a decent scales to measure that...
You could also use parental monitoring behavioural coding approach mentioned above and also use a parenting style scale in a mixed methodology study design. You can use non-parametric stats if you don't want to recruit enough participants to use parametric stats.
Hope that helps,
dr.j
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
CPR feedback devices can used for optimization of chest compression rate, depth and effectiveness. However, knowledge about effectiveness of these devices is very limited in infants and children. If you have any experience about these devices in infants and children, please reply to this answer.
Relevant answer
Answer
We are not using any such devices. But will be happy to know about.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
2 answers
Each year about 200,000 children suffer significant
injuries related to the use of playground equipment or playing in outdoor
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Mahboube,
Some work has also been done by Valerie Rice in this area. She has a chapter in Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics (4th Ed. 2012, Ed. Salvendy, Wiley Press) and a book about Ergonomics for Children with a chapter on 'playground safety'. Citations are shown below:
Rice, Valerie J. Berg. "Designing for Children." Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Fourth Edition (2012): 1472-1483. 
Lueder, Rani, and Valerie J. Berg Rice, eds. Ergonomics for Children: Designing products and places for toddler to teens. CRC Press, 2007.
Regards,
Vincent Duffy
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
13 answers
What can be the implications of a poor public service in the area of child care?
Relevant answer
Answer
An interesting question. I think it is probably useful to start from an alternative standpoint, i.e. what beneficial effects does early education have for children? There is a good deal of useful research on this topic most notably the EPPE (Effective Provision of Pre School Eductaion) project in the UK. This research demonstrates that high quality early education has beneficial effects on children in terms of their social, emotional and educational development, and that these beneficial effects last well on into children's later school years. The obvious corollary of this would be that children not exposed to such early education have poorer development. In the UK virtually all 4 year olds now attend some form of early education whether in reception classes in primary schools or in pre schools. Equally a very high proportion of 3 year olds also attend early education and early education for the most disadvantaged 2 year olds is also now being trialled. The key factors are that such early education, in order to have such beneficial effects, must be of high quality and the child must attend regularly. It would also seem that early education has the most beneficial effects upon the most disadvantaged children.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
3 answers
For my dissertation I am researching organisational factors contributing to high turnover rates in the private sector. I would like to be able to identify the main reasons that people leave one organisation to work for another, in the same role. This knowledge could largely benefit young people in the care of the state who have developed attachments to carers, and ultimately contribute positively to continuity of care.
Any information/ publications deemed relevant or associated with this topic would be greatly appreciated.  
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Clodagh
I think (from the Google Scholar abstract) that this article does mention Ireland, but I don't know in what context. You could try requesting the full text:
Colton, M., & Roberts, S. (2007). Factors that contribute to high turnover among residential child care staff. Child & Family Social Work, 12(2), 133-142.
This is another possibly useful paper, also available on ResearchGate, but again you would need to request the full text:
Holland, S., Faulkner, A., & Perez‐del‐Aguila, R. (2005). Promoting stability and continuity of care for looked after children: A survey and critical review. Child & Family Social Work, 10(1), 29-41.
It might be worth looking at p.52 in this book:
Clough, R., Bullock, R., & Ward, A. (2006). What Works in Residential Child Care. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
I see that Amanda Mainey is referenced; she edited this pdf (below):
Mainey, A., & Crimmens, D. (Eds.). (2006). Fit for the Future?: Residential Child Care in the United Kingdom. National Children's Bureau.
I did a general search in Google Scholar - it looks as if the has written quite extensively on this subject:
Good luck with your dissertation,
very best wishes,
Mary
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
8 answers
I am looking for the particular studies or project reports that indicated the significant of the integration between child nutrition and WASH project in Early Child Care Development. Any successful projects have been made so far? How could we identify safe food for children? How do we empower families get involved? 
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Ms Thida,
You will find overviews of the latest studies on WASH & Nutrition using this link: https://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/?s=nutrition
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
I am working on a seminar paper and need to look at a white paper.
Relevant answer
Answer
Is your focus legal, social, psychological, or...? 
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
4 answers
I am carrying out a survey of children's well-being in a socially disadvantaged area. I am looking for a survey tool that allows for the voice of the child to be heard as recommended by the UNCRC. All the tools I have seen so far are designed to be completed by either the teachers or the parents/caregivers. The children participants for this study are between 6 and 7 years old. The use of qualitative piece have been advised to explore the children's views but time constraint rules this option out. Other self-completion questionnaires I have come across were designed for children from around 10 years upwards. Any help would be appreciated.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
3 answers
Presenty, people link hesitance to child immunization with the distance of the health center, availability of vaccines, the child sickness, busy mothers, health workers lack of interpersonal communication with parents. How can we measure the confidence in child immunization?
Relevant answer
Answer
1. We should create awareness and importance of the vaccine in community through mass media,FGDS and there must be clear messages that how they can prevent their child to get sick from many diseases which can impact the   child growth, school performance along with financial burden on the family.
2.There should provision of vaccines to the nearest health facility, for extreme remote areas we should develop a team who can give the vaccines at household level for those  who are unable to reach the facility.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
9 answers
How cooperate Faculty and kindergardens or child care center?
What are the characteristics on the effective study program for pre-school teachers (interaction styles, pedagogy, training).
Relevant answer
Answer
Coaching is a key form of individualized professional development at all levels of education. To be successful, though, the coaches should be well trained in a research-based coaching model. The Evocative Coaching method, with its person-centered, no-fault, strengths-based orientation, has been well received among early childhood educators as a good fit with early childhood educational philosophies. The Center for School Transformation offers training in an interactive virtual classroom so that anyone can access the training without having to travel to a live event. 
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
1 answer
I have been trying to look into finding a way to plot this data in an electronic format to facilitate clinicians to be able to tell what gentile patients are in for their growth velocity.
I managed to find the original reference graphs within this article (Tanner & Davies 1984) http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(85)80501-1/abstract
I want to see if anyone knows what the formula is for this line or if any of you may be able to point me to a source where I could find these details. Ultimately would like to be able to put in the age and growth velocity and calculate what percentile it was.
If the equation is out there maybe you could help let me know if it is possible to calculate the other centiles from just the 50th?
Relevant answer
Answer
We published a new auxology book where you find actual values for height velocity
Auxology
Studying Human Growth and Development
Ed.: Michael Hermanussen
2013. XII , 324 pages, 283 figures, 89 tables
ISBN 978-3-510-65278-5, paperback, 39.90 €
Best
MH
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
2 answers
CHINS (Child in Need of Services).
Relevant answer
Answer
I'm looking to put together a protocol for contracting with the State to handle the overflow of cases for DFACS.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
2 answers
I am developing a study on affectivity in childcare hospitalized unaccompanied. This study aims to explore and understand the determinants and specificities of affection in caring for hospitalized children unaccompanied. Currently, this aspect is of ulmost importance given the socio-economic context that Portuguese has deteriorated, and that has led to an increase of hospitalized children unaccompanied by people affectively significant. It is crucial to explore the human-affective relationship in nursing practice in pediatric settings.
The study is a qualitative approach, Grounded Theory.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Paula
Stress is one of the factors responsible for changes in the health and wellness of the individual that can lead to disease and death .
We know that stress can originate from external or internal sources . External are those represented by what happens to us in life or the people with whom we deal , ie , overwork or unpleasant , family disharmony , accidents , death , stress, violence , fear , illness , etc. .
The internal causes are those that relate to how we think, the beliefs and values ​​and how we interpret the world around us .
It is crucial to discover the cause of the problem and develop coping strategies to deal not only with this episode, but also with future threats from excessive stress .
Factors affecting the quality of life in nursing work are: emotional distress , mood disorders , guilt , sadness and tiredness mainly by lack of sleep . As for stress at work, the possible causes are: the double workday , are in the resistance with a predominance of psychological symptoms . About dissatisfaction are related to working conditions and low wages , followed by interpersonal relationships . Have physical and emotional distress due to patient care , causes pain / suffering to the point of transferring these feelings for the home , and as a result of misfit, come absenteeism . On the other , in some hospitals there is an absence of risks related to culture , the lack of guidance , lack of trust between the professional and leadership . Moreover dissatisfaction , which results from the accumulation of activities ; small number of professional , long working hours , function overloading, high level of stress in staff supervision and lack of personal protective equipment .
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
5 answers
.
Relevant answer
Answer
It depends on the age of the child when serum is taken. If an infant is IgM positive for rubella within the first 2-3 weeks of life, it must be due to congental infection. The incubation period for rubella is 2-3 weeks; therefore any child older than that could have contracted rubella post-natally. The half life for IgM positivity for congenital infections is 3 months. Any child that is IgM postiive in the first few months of life and has defects associated with congenital rubella infection has congenital rubella syndrome. Defects include hearing loss, eye defects, heart defects, and low birth weight, among others. It is unlikely that one could differentiate between a child with congenital rubella infection only (no defects present in the child, most likely to occur when the mother is infected late in the pregnancy) and post-natal rubella using serum collected 3 weeks or later after the child was born. This mainly applies to countries where rubella is still endemic and risk of exposure after birth is high. Also, check the mother's immune status. If the mother is IgG negative, it could not have been a congenital infection.
  • asked a question related to Child Care
Question
8 answers
We did a research of parental self-efficacy development in transition to parenthood. A multiple regression analysis model showed that post-partum (2-4 m after birth) parental SE was predicted by pre-partum (2-0 m before birth) parental SE, easy-to-calm child and support in childbirth provided by hospital staff. We wanted to know if and how adult attachment is related to parental SE and/or perceived support in childbirth (as research shows that secure attachment is related to higher social support perceptions and predicts - just as parental SE - better parenting sensitivity).
We asked the original research participants (n=118) to participate in a follow-up study using Narrative Attachment Assessment. 13 of them eventually did (with children aged between 1-2 years), therefore we did not expect any significant findings. We separated the NAA scores into scores gained from "adult-adult" stories and "child-adult" stories, as expected rather to see relationships between the "adult" score and support in birth by staff score. However, we found that the "adult" score was actually significantly negatively correlated to post-partum parental SE (r2=-0.713, p<0.01); the total NAA score was not significantly, but still negatively correlated to post-partum PSE (r2=-0.417, p=0.156).
Even accepting the small sample and the fact that in most cases, a year or more has passed since getting the parental SE score, this finding still seems intriguing. Can it be that attachment and parental SE really are complementary concepts? Or should we look for faults in the methodology? We did a double-back translation of the keywords and we used the official manual for scoring the stories.
Thank you for ideas about this.
Relevant answer
Answer
I appreciate George and Robert's answers and I can only add my own speculations and a few of my own questions. My first wondering is did you consider using the Adult Attachment Interview? I am more familiar with AAI than I am with the Narrative Attachment Assessment so cannot comment on that aspect of your design. My other methodological questions resonate with Robert's observation about the timing of the parental self-efficacy measure. As a mother who suffered post-partum depression and as a psychologist, I can echo Robert's concern that 2 months seems far too close to the birth (another variable would be how traumatic the birthing process was as perceived by the mother rather than what the level of support was). Also since giving birth to a child is such a complex multi-variate experience with huge existential dimensions, I believe a reductionistic approach (quantitiative methodology), is often not adequate to capture depth of experience (more qualitative data would elucidate the nuances of these experiences), I believe there are many dimensions that have not been measured or articulated even in popular literature that compound post-partum depression or even 'healthy attachment' after birthing. For example, there is a variable which I would call grief that is involved in any birth that is not measured or socially acknowledged. Many mothers are taken aback by the natural grief that accompanies giving birth to a child (trauma of labour, the loss of 'freedom' when a dependent comes into ones life, the feelings of inadequacy, the weight of responsibility to care for another human, sleep deprivation, hormonal variability, lactation difficulties, emotional impact on intimate partner relationships, reduction in marital satisfaction, etc.... all the existential questions that swirl around in a young vulnerable mothers mind). When this grieving is soothed within a IWM of a comforting attachment (for example, role model of a nurturing mother in the past) then, I would postulate, the mixed emotions of motherhood subside along a continuum of feelings of parental self-efficacy.