Science topic

Caribbean Region - Science topic

Caribbean Region is the area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
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In the fall of 2005, the Amazon River suddenly dried up (photo attached). At the same time, a little to the north, in the Caribbean, the number of tropical cyclones increased abnormally (the graph is attached). In addition, the formation of tropical cyclones continued until January 2006, see cyclones Delta and Zeta (map attached). It happened in one geographic region. I think these anomalies may have a common cause. I analyzed the gravitational field, which can form an anomaly of high atmospheric pressure in the region. Maybe there are other ideas? In 2010, the drought in the Amazon was not accompanied by an anomaly of tropical cyclogenesis.
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Thanks for the helpful link.
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In the current energy context, which would be the best energy alternatives for Latin America and the Caribbean in the future? I very much appreciate your participation in this discussion.
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In short term future all forms of energy conversion into electrical energy should be considered, but more effectively renewable energy. Here in Brazil, there are several regions with better hydro, solar and wind power, which, even if distant and watertight, can still be easily integrated into the country's energy matrix and serve the country and its neighbors countrys in a broad way. That is until more efficient energy sources (Nuclear Fusion) are available in long-term future.
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I would like to know the current data of following region
1. Central Asia
2. Latin America and the Caribbean
3. Central and Eastern Europe
4. North America and Western
5. Sub-saharan Africa
6. East Asia and the Pacific
7. South and West Asia
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Hello,
Interesting topic of research. What about Women in North Africa please?
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Hi everyone,
As part of a project on (the postcolonial aspects of) the prediction of juvenile crime in the Caribbean, we are writing about the occurrence of silence in ethnography. We are interested in how the ethnographer's own stance and manners during fieldwork hamper the voice of participants, as well as in the postcolonial dimensions of this process. We noticed for instance that in our own study at a juvenile detention centre in Willemstad (Curacao), our own conceptions of childhood (and the way we asked questions about it) stood in the way of the young detainees to speak their mind.
Who has suggestions that can help us out with (more general) literature on the production of silences in ethnography? They would help a lot, thank you.
Kind regards,
Paul Mutsaers
Radboud University, the Netherlands
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In some European countries, in Africa, in Latin America and even in the Caribbean, individual sanitation by dry litter toilets is practiced by some communities. The residues from these toilets are then composted and used in agriculture.
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I think this paper will help you. Best Regards.
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The most countries that have sustained a peg for at least five years are very small open economies ( Caribbean countries, Barbados, Antigua, Bahrain), often highly specialized in tourism or fiscal havens. Explain why fixed exchange rates are particularly advantageous for these countries.
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Fixed exchange rates provide a basis for companies to plan ahead. In such a case, the Central bank need to have the reserves to peg the exchange rate at a comfortable level. Stability is important for business planning compared to wide volatility. Even the futures/options markets are not protective of such volatility.
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The Southeastern region of the United States of America, including Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and the Caribbean archipelagos are being devastated by a higher number of hurricanes than ever before--Why? Are these stronger and more frequent wind and rain storms evidence of (1) global warming; or (2) climate change?
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Dear Prof. Janusz Pudykiewicz, thank you so much for the link to the paper and for the instructive talk from a specialist in Atmospheric Physics, about this very interesting topic, the link among different events such as the solar cycles and the way it influences the weather and the atmospheric behaviour on earth. Really, thank you.
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How could Latin America overcome its structural crises (political, economic, social)? What are its main obstacles?
The economics of Latin America and the Caribbean in the XX century is one key to understanding the problem, but not the only,
Secondly, the political systems in Latin America and the Caribbean plagued of populism, militarism, technocracy and its influence on democracy, guerrillas and dictatorships.
Finally, globalization, and the spread of social models of consumption that have led to the degradation of ecosystems.
What are the most pressing problems for the continent? What are the recipes or those that should be avoided?
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Get Castro's Cuba system down, get the commies. As simple as that, Prof. Pablo. Once forever. No Mercy upon commies!
The joint of populism and militarism are new gained skills for internacionalistas + the lack of attention from US policy during Obama and previous administrations.
El patio trasero se les lleno de basura, no les interesó en lo más mínimo lo que nos pasaba a lo interno en nuestros países, ahora la tienen en su propio jardín.
US South command recently joined the slogan "enduring promises" with most Latin American countries. I guess is too late. The commies are everywhere, unfortunately.
Observe lo que pasa en Perú, donde sendero luminoso vuelve a hacer atentados, el nobel a Santos fue un tiro al piso y un cheque fácil.
La FARC y el ELN vuelven a arremeter con fuerza en Colombia y Venezuela, y vendrán más eventualidades pues el encierro debido al virus los favorece.
Ellos no duermen. El continente está plagado de intelectuales de izquierda. Eso creó.
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This course has a comparative focus, although it is not the only or maybe even most compelling thing about it. So we will be taking a comparative look at US and Caribbean black families in regard to the following:
-The 'origins' debate: Africa or slavery? Classical US and Caribbean studies
-Slavery and 'the' enslaved African/black family in the Americas
-Examining key issues in black family studies: myth of black matriarchy and the 'missing/absent father;' the 'dysfunctional black family' etc
-The black family and state (colonial/racial) policies: population, segregation, welfare etc
-Case studies of black families: rural/peasant, urban working class, professional/suburban middle-class, queer/LGBTQ etc etc
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Congratulations on your very interesting topics. If I had 30 years less, I would certainly enroll in your course. I teach for decades History of Brazil and History of Portuguese-speaking countries, thus worldwide African slaves are in my teaching-researching concerns. The following are some books that I read with interest:
Curwood, Anastasia C. Stormy Weather: Middle-Class African American Marriages between the Two World Wars, 2010.
Franklin, Donna L. Ensuring Inequality: The Structural Transformation of the African American Family, 1997.
Johnston, James H. From Slave Ship to Harvard: Yarrow Mamout and the History of an African American Family, 2012.
McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Hill, Nancy E. & Dodge, A. African American Family Life: Ecological and Cultural Diversity, 2005.
Rosenblatt, Paul C. The Impact of Racism on African American Families: Literature as Social Science, 2014.
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Isn't it amazing that the one region on the world where water is far more abundant than land and livelihoods are highly dependent on the ocean and its resources, that aquaculture has attracted the least research and funding?
With the current issues affecting the globe, it is high time the Caribbean region be given the necessary funding for aquaculture research and development.
This would create employment opportunities for thousands of people and reduce the region's dependency on foreign imports.
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Estimado, creo que si en el caribe aun no se desarrolla la acuicultura considérense unos afortunados. Si bien es cierto la acuicultura se considera como una alternativa mundial sostenible para obtener proteína animal sin depredar el mar, también hay que considerar que realizar la misma cerca o enclavadas en zonas ecológicamente sensibles y vulnerables a los contaminantes como arrecifes o manglares, hacen de esta actividad nada sostenible y poco amigable con el medio ambiente, como lo sucede actualmente en sudamericana. Para citar un ejemplo, lo que sucede con la actividad acuícola langostinera que se ha desarrollado en el pacifico ecuatoriano y peruano, la cual para asentarse ha tenido que talar cantidades muy considerables de bosque de manglar, atentando ecologicamente con el medio dado que los manglares funcionan como zonas de reproducción y precria de muchas especies de peces, invertebrados y aves costeras, y si pensamos que el atentado acaba allí, pues nos equivocamos, entre mas grande es la granja acuícola, mas grande es la contaminación con los efluentes que ellas vierten al ecosistema, si bien es cierto existen normas para regular la emisión de los mismos, pues el control y fiscalización de las mismas es nulo.
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Then you and your colleagues are invited to attend this annual research event (see attached published Abstracts and Programme):
RESEARCH DAYS 2021 Virtual Event:
When:
  • Monday 1st February, 2021 at 1:30 p.m. (La Paz)
  • Tuesday 2nd February, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. (La Paz)
  • Wednesday 3rd February, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. (La Paz)
Register in advance for this meeting for all 3 days: https://uwi.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJAqcOqpqzMoHta18Yl5UFs25qbNAE7Dou_r
After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting.
Please share with interested colleagues on your networks.
Best regards,
Debra
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thanks
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Many of the predicted effects of climate change have serious consequences for water security and the overall development of the Caribbean and pose significant threats to human health and well-being and the productivity of key economic sectors. The science, research and engineering communities are beginning to link climate forecasting with water security to understand the extent and nature of the risks these changes pose to regional economies, societies and environments. With climate change prolonging drought periods in the Caribbean, should member states be required to establish a State of the Water Monitoring Networks, with the requirement that the networks focus on condition monitoring quantitative and chemical status of groundwater?
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Dear Ankur, thanks for sharing this link.
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Dear colleagues, I'm looking for a full PDF version of the book "Marine Plants of the Caribbean: a field Guide de Florida to Brazil". Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington D.C.,1989. By Littler et al.
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The map of Africa and Caribbean had a slow transmission and low fatality rate as of 18/3/2020
,could the weather be deterrent to their transmission .Are there other viruses with these patterns? Kindly send link of all related article ,newpaper publication and national report to this link. .
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I have been looking for information about pelagic Sargassum arrivals on the beaches and coasts of the Mexican Caribbean in order to evaluate the potential design of a small plant generation of biogas throught Anaerobic Digestion.
Specifically I've been looking for these characteristics:
  • Available quantity of feedstock per year; per day and receiving frequency.
  • Quality of the feedstock in terms of TS, VS, gas yield, N content (TKN), S content, etc. as well as their potential variations.
  • Suggested HRT, OLR, and temperature of digestion.
Any information would be greatly appreciated.
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David Leonardo Parra Ortiz, here is a review with a case study on the use of Sargassum in the Caribbean:
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I have a presence dataset that is composed of satellite tracking data, in-person observations, and verified citizen-science sightings.
The presence points span across the entire Caribbean, but are generally restricted to areas close to the shore, leaving big gaps between clusters of sightings.
Because of this, using a simple random selection of pseudoabsences within the whole study area results in many pseudo absences being located in areas vastly different from the presence points, hence affecting the evaluation of the importance of environmental variables and the perceived accuracy of the models.
I am looking to restrict the area in which pseudo-absences can be selected to be in a circle around presence points, but I can't figure out the best way to determine the radius of these circles.
Thanks in advance for any help!
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Hi
Several methods exist to select pseudo-absences for sdm. Depending of your questions, study sites size, occurrence number etc you can find a lot of literature.
Perhaps you already know this article "Selecting Pseudo-Absences for Species Distribution Models: How, Where and How Many?" from Barbet-Massin et al (2012 in MEE link at the end).
In this link, you can find some tips to select random absences based on previous comments : https://rspatial.org/raster/sdm/3_sdm_absence-background.html. From what I know, it is usually based an arbitrary radius, or on model results.
Another problem with sdm, it due to the spatial autocorrelation (see for example the review of Roberts et al, 2017 in Ecography, link at the end). They proposed a method to deal with unbalanced presence-absence (and you have also a new R package to deal with it https://github.com/rvalavi/blockCV). Maybe this last point can help you if you have a large study area with big gaps between your observations. You can maybe test a random selection procedure and then a block CV. This article can maybe help you where they predict elephant distribution (and provide some tips about "the standard of sdm community"; link at the end)
Hope it could help :)
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I would like to find a validated food frequency questionnaire tailored for the Caribbean to be able to better assess Caribbean diets.
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Dear Kevin,
As questionnaire tools required to be validated for a particular population, and often, there are unavailability of such measures for all populations. If the scale is unavailable for the Carribbean, I suggest that you validate it first for your population to be studied. Use the original scale with permissions from the owner, and subsequently perform translations according to the population's native language. Conduct a face and content validity, and pilot it. Then use the scale to study the validity and reliability of the measure in a sample from your population. This will give you an advantage to first: 1) make available a validated scale for the population being studied and, (2) advances the continuity of research in the field.
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A very interesting new way to focus Multiple Sclerosis treatment: repairing myelina. I was informed by a Cuban article (Cuba is having one the highest rates of multiple sclerosis in population in Caribbean islands).
and it was discovered by chance, with a molecule destined originally to fight cholesterol.
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Yes this is a very important issue and I am pleased that physiotherapists are looking into it. I am a cranio-sacral therapist and the alignment of the body is very important to the adequate expression of the cranio sacral movement. Where there is mis-alignment, it can be for physical reasons but more often than not, past emotional factors play a big role and are kept in the body through "emotional cysts". This on the one hand, causes mis-alignment but it also takes a lot of energy to maintain the cysts. Treating people on many levels through multiple therapies including how to work with their emotions and to relax could be new way forward.
Warm regards - Tina
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Currently seeking research participants to take part in a semi structured interview, speaking about their experiences on PPP projects in the Caribbean. Participants identity will be hidden.
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Moh Abduh public private partnership contracts
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I am conducting an ethnoarchaeological research near Cartagena, Colombia on the Caribbean coast. Fishermen are collecting the gastropod Melongena melongena. Some of the specimens don´t present single or double rows of spines. Are these differences related to the environment? Are these differences related to a new specie?
Thanks
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У этих групп моллюсков очень сильное проявление фенотипического полиморфизма, зависящего от стации обитания... Поэтому для однозначного ответа на Ваш вопрос необходимо проведение специальных исследований...
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Hi colleagues
I need the reference: Maldonado Capriles, J. (1990). Systematic catalogue of the Reduviidae of the world (Insecta: Heteroptera). Caribbean Journal of Science.
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Thanks, regards
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I am currently evaluating data (baseline measurements) of participants, who originate from all over the world (mainly Dutch though). The aim is to identify differences between “ethnicities”. In the study I work in, definitions were previously made such as ethnicity is defined as country of origin of parents.
After long search and comparison of several articles with each other, I could identify groups which are more often used in research. To my research the following applies the most at the moment: The largest group is Dutch, the second largest from the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) and thereafter Europeans/North America.
Now, I have about 100 participants remaining who are from other countries e.g. China, Brazil, Caribbean islands, and most of them actually have mixed ethnicities (e.g. one parent is Dutch and the other from Brazil or Morocco and again, there are many more combinations). Within this, participants with the same or similar background are very small in group size (e.g. 2 - 8 people), so it is not possible to treat them as separate groups. And obviously I cannot just treat all remaining ones as one group. In that case, is it "better" to exclude them from the analysis?
I am not an expert in social sciences and I am aware that this questions does not have one straight forward answer, but at this point I don’t know how to continue anymore.
Maybe there are helpful resources that I did not come across yet about this topic?
I’d appreciate any comments, ideas, suggestions!
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I agree with McNaughton.
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African tulip trees can be found in many countries throughout Central and South America, Asia, and the Caribbean. They are primarily invasive in the South Pacific. Known for their bright, trumpet-shaped flowers, these fast-growing trees can quickly spread in agricultural areas, forest plantations, and natural ecosystems. It was largely intentionally introduced in the 1900s as a street and household ornamental tree. 
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Bio fuel - either by burning or bio diesel. Just guessing, not an informed answer.
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The studies carried out by different scholars show that, in both Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), innovation processes, in their scientific and technological context, are ineffective. Therefore, it is difficult to create an appropriate environment for the development of new and better products and services in such a way that the whole helps the social and economic growth of these countries (de la Torre, 2014; Lederman et.al. 2014, CAF, 2013, World Bank, 2014). Despite some scholars describe the problem as systemic, is Wicked Problem (Rittel, 1973) an adequate framework to formulate these difficulties?
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Perhaps could be useful to read the following paper: Scientific systems in Latin America: performance, networks, and collaborations with industry https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10961-017-9631-7
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I am thinking of my thesis topic as follows:
A proposal for the implementation of CSR in company strategy in developing countries (The Caribbean)
Could you help in narrowing or structuring this research topic?
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thank you for the contributions so far. Very much appreciated
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I am interested in promoting environmental education efforts for the K-12 context in the Caribbean. If anyone is aware of valid work being done in this area i.e. exiting research papers, projects, or names of researchers, please share.
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Thanks Bryan. I am aware of this article. The work is a bit dated. The authors are no longer active researchers. If you come across research or researchers who are currently active in the area please let me know.
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I'm trying to find some info on the site effects or geotechnical zonation of some caribbean countries. I tried to find something in the Caribbean Uniform Building Code, but it only offers the value of Z of the table 2.305.1 associated to the seismicity of the region
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Hola Ivan, las siguientes referencias puedes encontrarlas en mi cuenta de Research Gate, sobre site effects utilizando microtremors y la amenaza sismica para el Eastern Caribbean y Jamaica. Si necesitas algo mas avisame.
Salazar, W., G. Mannete, K. Reddock & Clevon Ash (2017) High Resolution Grid of H/V Spectral Ratios and Spatial Variability on Microtremors at Port of Spain, Trinidad. Journal of Seismology. DOI: 10.1007/s 10950-017-9681-1. 21:1541-1557.
Salazar, W., L. Brown and G. Mannette (2013) Probabilisitc Seismic Hazard Assessment for Jamaica. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, USA, Sep., Volume 7, No. 9 (Serial No. 70), pp. 1118-1140.
Salazar, W., L. Brown and G. Mannette (2013) Surface soil effects studies based on H/V ratios of Microtremors at Kingston Metropolitan Area, Jamaica. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, USA, Oct., Volume 7, No. 10 (Serial No. 71), pp. 1301-1322.
Salazar, W. & L. Brown and G. Mannette (2013) Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment for Bridgetown-Barbados, employing Subduction Interface Characteristic Earthquakes. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, USA, Nov., Volume 7, No. 11 (Serial No. 72), pp. 1405-1422.
Bozzoni, F., M. Corigliano, C. Lai, W. Salazar, L. Scandella, E. Zuccolo, J. Latchman; L. Lynch; R. Robertson (2011) Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment at the Eastern Caribbean Islands. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol. 101, no. 5, pp.2499-2521.
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UTT Ibis Ensemble had a mission to expand the Caribbean tome of art music. We have commissioned works in the past that include the national instrument of Trinidad and Tobago and now have instituted an annual Call for Compositions encouraging local, regional and international composers to write works for mixed ensemble and steel pan. We are also keen to include works that already exist and know of a few, but would be delighted to hear from anyone if they have suggestions!
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HI Rute, if you are interested you might appreciate checking out Libby Larsen's work, written for Liam Teague: "CONCERTINO FOR TENOR STEEL DRUM AND CHAMBER ENSEMBLE".
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Caribbean and Africa would be especially helpful
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Thank you so much!
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Currently, I am trying to determine the population genetic structure of two species of nudibranchs from the Caribbean. Previous research has been done with tradicional molecular methods and this is our fist attempt using NGS. So, I would like know if there is a good services provider in order to get the RAD-seq data for our project. DNA extraction is the only step that we're going to carry out in our lab.
Thanks!
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Hi Kimberly, I just sent you a message. Feel free to email me.
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Since 2011, caribbean and west-agrican coasts are experiencing huge - and problematic - arrivals of seaweeds (Sargassum spp.).
Changes of atmospheric and oceanic circulation are observed in the altlantic ocean, such as modifications of the main streams and increases of sea surface temperature, of upwellings, of sedimentary contributions of major rivers (amazon, congo) or of sands brought by the winds from the sahara, etc.
Has anyone have an schematic or a synthetic explanation on how the atlantic is changing and why theses changes are impacting sargassum blooms and arrivals on caribbean and african coasts ?
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This is a matter of cultural cross-fertilization: how far can it be effectuated? What are the new hybrid creations forged in Britain and accepted by mainstream British culture?
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Checking the term hydridize it means to cross and bred different races and varieties. In this human case the Great Britain population would be largely Caucasian and the carribean inputs would have significant African racial roots. As such the use hybridization is probably correct. People have challenged the concept of race but it does have some wide acceptance. Hybridization in some definition talks about crossing of different species in the case of Caribbean and Great Britain populations it is clear we talking about one single human species with no barrier to intermarriage and fruitfulness. Genomic studies would put the origin of humankind in Africa based on maximized genetic diversity displayed there. The common origin has branched off into different groups with their own common characteristics. Could you explain how exactly you think hybridize could be an exploited term.
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What are the perceptions of teachers' and principals' about the implementation of Teacher Leadership in schools in the Caribbean? There is a dearth of information about Teacher Leadership in the Caribbean. Teacher Leadership is well developed in Canada, the USA and Australia. In the UK there is some research, however teacher leadership has been slow to be implemented. In Jamaica there was some consideration about teacher leadership, however there is little information about teacher leadership. I am currently undertaking extensive research about teacher leadership for a doctoral thesis. I am interested in any information about teacher leadership in the Caribbean.
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Thank Verna. It is true that teacher leadership is not evident in the Caribbean schools as yet. If we look at trends in the USA, Canada and Australia, it can be seen that teacher leadership is being advocated and practiced. In the UK there is little evidence of research.
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I'm researching what factors affect the functioning of Caribbean Offshore Financial Institutions.
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Interesting
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The pictures were taken between December 2017 / January 2018 (winter).
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Hi Gregor,
It does look like Leiocephalus carinatus, yet the subspecies armouri does not occur on Cuba. It is probably safe to go with the nominate. If you have the specimen, you could use the dichotomous key in the book by Schwartz & Henderson (1985) to check the ID (see attached).
Good luck!
Best,
Danny
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Dear Julia,
This is a interesting and important project. One of my students is curently working on giant clams in the Western Indian Ocean and Red Sea. I think it would be interesting to to cooperate and to exchange e.g. COI sequences for a joint analysis.
I am looking forward to hearing from you.
Best regards,
Marc
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Hi Marc, 
 Thanks so much for your interest in my thesis project. I just added my committee to the project on researchgate.  The possibility a collaboration with your student sounds great. Can I please find out some more about your student's project? What are the study sites? I look forward to hearing more from you.  
Cheers, 
Julia
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I am doing a study on the Ecologically Critical Area (ECA)s of Bangladesh  to understand how the current governance regime for the ECAs are functioning on the ground.
I have returned from a field trip from an ECA, the St. Martin's island, Cox's Bazar, in the second week of this month. I was in the Island on the 4th, 5th and 6th January 17 and in Teknaf peninsula on the 7th and 8th January 2017. During my visit I have interviewed several residents and visited extensively. I have also recorded many photographs and video images which shall become a part of my research.
During my visit it became apparent to me that the Saint Martin's Island is on the verge of a major ecological catastrophe. The water, health and sanitation, biodiversity and poverty and discrimination are some of the major problems that is accelerating this catastrophe.
I would be thankful if you could kindly share with me, or indicate a source of, the following:
The governance regime for ECAs in Bangladesh
the updated Saint Martins ECA notifications and related laws
any other law, data and information that may be relevant to my research on the Ecologically critical area.
Any publication on Saint Martin's Island or generally on Ecologically Critical Area that you can share.
Thanks.
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Anyone know datation in Cuba or Dominican republic?
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ok thank , I will check
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Please contact to Girardo Alayon in Natural History Museum in Habana. I remember a case of spider invasion many year ago by winds but I dont know if it was documented. Alayon studied the case
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I am writing about the Millennium Development Goals in the Caribbean. Are there articles on this matter. I am interested Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire, St. Maarten, Suriname, Barbados, Trinidad.
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Does anyone have information regarding the establishment of a French Naval Base on Martinique in 1784?
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Do a search for Martinique at archive.org. Select "Texts" for type. Several documents from or pertaining to the1600s and 1700s, including
Louis XVI roi de France.- Ordonnance pour l'incorporation des différens corps employés au Département des colonies dans les régimens de la Martinique et de la Guadeloupe, pour y former un troisième bataillon. Acte royal, Versailles, 26 février 1784, Imprimerie royale, Paris, 1784.
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Should member states of CARICOM seek bilateral arrangements and fully embrace EPA, or should the regionalism spirit continue to embrace CSME that seems to have stalled?
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CARICOM, for sake of some of its industrially weaker member states, should not lose sight of a costly mistake made by Uganda that entered into a previous free trade deal, liberalising without regulation and thus truncated domestic (and true) industrialisation processes. This does not remove from the benefits to regionalism.  However, as a regional bloc, CARICOM holds enough leverage to explore possibilities for a ‘country-specific’ deals with the EU on tariff-free access to Europe. Indeed, member states may seek to compromise in form of a robust development dimension to the free trade deal.
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I'm currently writing a dissertation along this theme.
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You may want to have a look at the following paper:
It focuses on the brain drain faced by the Small Island Developing States
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Dendrogyra cylindrus is a coral species not very common in Caribbean reefs that might become endangered. Coral populations have been shown to fluctuate in abundance through the passage of geological time.
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Hi Aldo,
There are some population genetic methods can be used to infer demographic history, e.g. Bayesian skyline plot and some other summary statistics. But you need generate genetic data first. Not sure this will help.