Carbon Sequestration - Science topic
Carbon Sequestration is an any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
Questions related to Carbon Sequestration
Dear RG community members,
having in mind that I have really low rate of knowledge on carbon sequestration, I will need your help. My questaion is, which methodology and monitoring systems should be used for the calculation of carbon sequestration in wetlands?
regards from Croatia,
I need to know which tree species can be beneficial to be planted close to date palm trees for better yield and soil improvement (with references).
There is a lot of demand for information about the potential of different tree species (and also other types of crops) to capture and store carbon.
Such information is critical to designing farms with a better climate footprint.
This is particularly true for agroforestry farming systems relying on one or more tree species!
However, information on this topic seems completely scattered and not synthesized.
Does such a database exist?
I am going to calculate the carbon sequestration potential of some trees in arid and semi-arid regions using trunk diameter and tree height. Is there a way to calculate carbon sequestration potential without destroying trees?
What is the most suited reliable method?
Selected trees include apple, walnut, elm and almond.
How to accurately calculate the terrestrial carbon sink at large and small watershed scales? Model stimulation or field work?
I am working on the life cycle assessment of the manufacturing process of coconut-based activated carbon.
During this step, the carbonization process emits 6460kg of CO2 from the coconut combustion (electricity excluded).
The question I have is if it is legit to use a :
"Carbon monoxide, non-fossil" data instead of a fossil data. Because using the non-fossil data simply nullifies the CO2 eq with EF method calculation.
Although bio-based materials sequestrate carbon naturally, I was wondering what the right step was.
The idea is to have a list of different trees species from different biogeographical areas which have been tested as the best carbon sequestration species.
So if people are planning to make a plantation, they have a guide to using local species to create a mixed forest using the best species for co2 sequestration.
Similar soil, water requirements, seasons, etc will be considered
General perception is that a fast growing species are better carbon sequester if it holds than all CDM projects will have these species. What will be role of old species and other slow or moderate growth species vis a vis role of site quality with respect to fast growing species. How to determine carbon sequestration potential of and species mean ideal parameters for consideration eg. age of tree, site factor / surrounds, tree associates/ allelopathy nature, nutrient cycle / physiology/ silvics of the species etc.
I have a question about the carbon sequestration from less durable bio-based products (e.g., animal bedding from wood chips or straw). My goal is to measure the carbon footprint of a bio-based product.
Based on my understanding, since the carbon stored in the biomass of less durable products (i.e., bio-based products with less than one-year lifespan) is turned back (released) to the atmosphere as CO2 (if the end-of-life scenario is landfilling), the carbon sequestration of these products does not contribute to climate change mitigation.
However, I found that in the long-term (<100 years) 2%-16% of the carbon content of compost will remain in the soil (Ref: Martínez-Blanco et al., 2013).
My question is if my product will be used as compost, and it goes back into the soil, should I consider that part of its carbon content will be added to the soil carbon sink and contribute as sequestered carbon?
Any suggestions or sharing similar thoughts would be appreciated.
EU institutions are currently revising climate and energy legislation to align with the new target of at least 55% net emissions reduction by 2030. As part of that work the European Commission proposes to increase the EU carbon sink removal capacity, with an annual target of 300 Million tonnes removal by 2030. How can that target best be shared amongst the 27 EU countries? They have very different areas of natural/semi-natural sinks, and also sinks with very different characteristics, from blanket bog, to estuaries, seagrass beds, agroforestry, pastures, croplands and, of course, highly diverse forest and scrub types and carbon absorption rates. In particular, I am interested in how these sinks will behave under predicted climate change impacts and especially, in vulnerable areas such as the Mediterranean (I work in Spain)
Rice- Wheat cropping system is the prominent cropping system of India. What are the best management practices of R-W cropping system that leads to soil carbon sequestration?
Despite such great interests in greening our planet to compensate environmental damage of human activities, I have found very little on how we can meaningfully 'measure' the magnitude of carbon sequestrations by trees. Attached is one of the only publications that I could source which outlines how much carbon a year a number of tree varieties arrest and sequestrate as they mature.
Does anyone have any other referenceable sources that outlines carbon sequestration of plants?
Happy new year!
Thank you for taking time to look at my questions.
I have two questions regarding the use of biochar for synergistically sequestrating carbon and controlling soil heavy metal.
1. Do you know any references about the use of biochar for synergistically sequestrating carbon and controlling heavy metal in soil? (I could not find a good one)
2. Could this be an interesting topic to explore (in your opinion)? Why or why not?
I would appreciate any ideas or suggestions on these two questions.
Many thanks in advance!
Non-vegetation is widespread in arid/semi-arid areas, and non-vegetation plays a pivotal role in soil and water conservation and carbon sequestration. However, the current assessment of non-vegetation carbon sequestration has always been a bottleneck. Commonly used ecological models are mostly based on green vegetation, and the amount of carbon sequestration is further obtained through the utilization of light energy. However, how can non-vegetation use ecological models to assess their carbon sequestration?
Carbon sequestration (CS), hiding Cabon in soil, is considered a way by which the occurrence of global warming could be reduced. However, it would be somewhat difficult to quantify the net CS that happens for a given period. Adding C into soils promotes solid organic matter, microbial activities, development of soil structure, etc. in soils. Benchmarking and increasing C storage in soils over time would enable quantifying or generating a realistic value. Any experience and suggestions to quantify CS are appreciated.
I'm researching on carbon sequestering potential of perennial plants and seek to connect with scientists/ subject matter experts who have conducted carbon sequestration studies on plants. The goal is understand how to plan, execute and accelerate such studies. Open to guidance and/ or collaboration.
Thank you for your consideration!
How to estimate the potential carbon sequestration of an area that has been restored by one year or less?
Can I use functional traits of planted species to estimate it broadly?
I am very interested in any suggestions/articles about it.
I have several crops which am investigating for carbon sequestration under different management scenarios such as residual removal, varying fertilizer treatments, and tillage practices, but am stuck with the way of calculating annual carbon sequestration in each crop.
When we do proximate analysis, we get four kind of information namely moisture, volatile, fixed carbon and ash content. My query is what is the role of this fixed carbon? Which one depicts good quality of feedstocks; a feedstock with high fixed carbon content or a feedstock with low low fixed carbon content?
Thanks in advance.
Scientists present a method for measuring the opportunity cost of sequestering carbon on tropical farms. They derive the rates of carbon sequestration for timber and agroforestry systems and compute incentive compatible compensating payment schedules for farmers who sequester carbon.
Zelek, C. A., & Shively, G. E. (2003). Measuring the opportunity cost of carbon sequestration in tropical agriculture. Land Economics, 79(3), 342-354.
1. Are there any modern methods to calculate or evaluate the Carbon sequestration ?
2. How it apply to tropical lands?
3. how to evaluate the contribution of carbon income to the country's or the globe economy?
Open for the discussion,
Highly value your kind response
Bio char is a type of charcoal used as a soil ameliorant for both carbon sequestration and soil health benefits and also being used for the management of soil borne plant pathogens but I doubt whether it will be an economic and ecofriendly approach for the management of plant diseases.
Dear RG Members,
I've stumbled upon a report from the U.S. Department of Energy, with spreadsheets listing year by year carbon sequestration rate for individual trees, but it is specified for American suburban settings. I am searching for similar data for forest settings, preferably for boreal and temperate forests. Do you know where I could find similar data or some formula for such approximation?
I've asked in U.S. Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency, Energy Information Administration, and World Resources Institute, but it seems that none of them have such data. Most sources I found takes longer time spans, for example, the average for 20 years, and measurements per hectare. I would like to be able to estimate the sequestration rate for a specific point in the tree lifecycle, starting from a seedling. I am not sure if I could use that suburban data, especially, that it seems a bit high in comparison with forestry researches.
I've attached mentioned dataset for reference.
My research site is in Uttarakhand, Central Himalaya. I am estimating above ground biomass of the forest in order to calculate the carbon stock of the forest. However, I could not get the allometric equations for certain species. I don't want to use volumetric equations for estimating biomass. Also, I have measured only the cbh of trees. Kindly, help me to get the allometric equations.
Is there any software?
Because, I am very bored to read a lot of documents and synthesize them in a note.
Since, TOFs are important natural resources that contribute significantly tothe national biomass and carbon stocks and also to the livelihood of people in many regions of the world.
Please recommend some of the best species with the facts and stats...
There are several method for determining organic matter in soil such as black and walkley and Tyurin method. Among them which on gives the most reliable results?
Dear Author/Authors, Greetings!
The editors expect that this correspondence finds you healthy! Currently, we are in the process of editing our impending publication titled “Climate change Alleviation for Sustainable Progression: Floristic prospective and Arboreal avenues as a viable confiscation tool” to be published by Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA. And with profound gratitude, you are invited to contribute your manuscript for incorporation in the present bind. Your contribution on the below mentioned tentative chapter titles or other relevant research area would surely add to the eminence of this publication.
The tentative chapter titles are as follows:
1. Role of physical factors in determining climate of earth
2. Historical background *Alloted to the author*
3. Global warming and global cooling: Challenges and future prospects
4. Environmental upheaval: Challenges and management technologies
5. Climate change: Impact on land resources, concerns and management studies
6. Mechanism behind sources and sinks of major anthropogenic greenhouse gases
7. Carbon sequestration: Role of wetlands in carbon dynamics
8. Terrestrial ecosystems as carbon dioxide scrubbers
9. Role of forests in climate change mitigation *Alloted to the author*
10. Role of conifers in carbon sequestration
11. Role of clean development mechanism towards sustainable development
12. Green business through carbon credits
13. Impact of climate change on Agricultural production *Allotted to the author*
14. Natural resource management and economic stability
15. Climate change and phonological variability
16. REDD+ and climate change
17. Role of turf grasses and understory vegetation in climate change mitigation
18. Sociopolitical perspectives of climate change *Allotted to the author*
19. Soil health and climate change *Allotted to the author*
20. Carbon sequestration through organic farming vis a vis climate smart sustainable agriculture *Alloted to the author*
"Climate change Alleviation for Sustainable Progression: Floristic prospective and Arboreal avenues as a viable confiscation tool"
For further correspondence, contact:
As MRT express the decay rate (average time that biochar can persist from decaying) and this rate decreases with time. Therefore, the incubation period becomes pivotal for the MRT calculation because shorter duration may lead to higher estimated mineralization rate and shorter MRT. So, can we consider other means of getting justifiable stability period?
please suggest a methodology for above.
Northeast China has a cold climate, with average temperature of 4.5 degree. The typical soil here is Mollisol with a high C content (13g/kg) in cropland. The data of a experiment site shows that soil organic matter does not change after 30 years of residue addtion, but increased by 50% after manure addition with same design. Manure has lower C/N than residue. It is sure that 13g/kg does not reach carbon saturation, otherwise manure cannot increase soil C. I will sample the soils and try to find the reasons.
Could you suggest some potential hypothese that i can check? Thanks!
Blue forests (seagrasses, mangroves and salt marshes) are included in the so called "Blue carbon" ecosystems due to the capacity of those plants to sink Carbon in marine sediments, from dissolved CO2. Nevertheless, many species of corals, algae, mollusks, etc., incorporate Carbon as carbonate from aquatic media and remains for long time forming rocks or marine sediments. Could coral reefs be considered also as Blue forests?
The source water is from drinks manufacturing and the CO2 percentage will be 15%. From the literature I have established that a draw and fill culturing regime may be the way to go over two-three cycles once growth patterns become similar to previous conditions, i.e CO2 % and wastewater dilutions. However should the algae be acclimated to CO2 or wastewater first?
FYI, Cactus has greater water-use efficiency due to the crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) photosynthetic pathway that is several times more efficient in converting water and CO2 to dry matter plants than either C4 or C3 plants
Preferably under semi-arid condition
Can anyone give me ideas on how am I going to quantify the effects of wind to certain characteristics like the Co2 absorption of a particular crop?
In situ and ex situ sequestration of CO2 in ultramafic rocks being suggested to solve CO2 concentration in the atmosphere.
What are the indicators of biochars for possessing higher aromaticity produced by slow pyrolysis process? Generally at higher temperatures the pyrolyzed biochars show higher aromaticity. What are the ways to identify?
I am the student of Environmental Economics. I am searching on the ecosystem services of wetland. The purpose is to value the services provided by wetland ecosystem. Carbon storage is taken to value through contingent valuation method. So how far this method is suitable. what are the alternates for valuation for carbon storage service of wetland.
Which are the main agroforestry strategies for carbon sequestration? Are the crops yield and the farmers income affected by these strategies?
For any non-linear equations, how can we estimate the asymptotic standard error for each of the parameters (say a, b, c, d) of that equation?
Let say an equation:
Y = a/[1+b exp (-c x X] (1/d)
I am doing research on wetland ecosystem services. For that I have to calculate carbon sequestration in wetland soil. Please inform which equation should be used to calculate carbon sequestration in wetland soil.
I am trying to draft a methodology that will help me study the simultaneous impacts of any sustainable land management practice on crop yield and carbon sequestration (for mitigating and adapting to climate change). Specifically how to come up with a data set for such a study from literature reviews.
Need carbon stock/sequestration value in above-ground-biomass of mangrove at different mangrove site of Gujarat,Orissa,Maharashtra.
Gujarat : Pandey, C. N., and R. Pandey. "Carbon sequestration in mangroves of Gujarat, India." International Journal of Botany and Research 3.2 (2013): 57-70.
Maharashtra: Patil, Vikrant, et al. "Estimation of carbon stocks in Avicennia marina stand using allometry, CHN analysis, and GIS methods." Wetlands 34.2 (2014): 379-391.
Pachpande, Sheetal Chaudhari, and Madhuri Pejaver. "Natural carbon sequestration by dominant mangrove species Avicennia marina var. Accutissima ex Staf and Moldenke ex Moldenke found across Thane Creek, Maharashtra, India." International Journal od Scientific and Engineering Research 6 (2015): 1162-1165.
Kindly refer articles.
In forest carbon stock assessment, we usually use allometric equation to get AGB, times 0.5 to get carbon & times -44/12 to get CO2 emission (removal) value.
We are analyzing the soil organic matter (SOM) in cultivated soils in the Provence area under Mediterranean climate (500-800 mm/year) with my students in agroecology. Soils in the area are usually shallow soils Xerepts soils (USDA classifc.) sometimes with calcic / argillic horizons (Calcic/Alfs ).
I frequently find diagnosis by soil scientists or agronomists after soil sampling analysis of these soils saying 1%; 1,5% or 2,5% of organic matter is too low and it should be increased. However, in soils with a high turnover and low microbial activity during long and dry summer seasons (>4 months), it seems unclear if the soil can potentially increase their total SOM a lot more than their actual content. Frequently, these conclusions come along with recommendations to farmers, promoting the application of huge amounts of organic matter applications to soils, in order to reach a target threshold of minimum SOM percentage, ranging from 1 to 4 % of SOM depending of the cases.
Therefore, in your opinion, do you know references of acceptable thresholds of SOM% under these conditions? Or do you have any criteria to determine it?
Is 1% of SOM a good universal minimum threshold that any soil should reach to prevent desertification and sustain crop production ?
Recommendations by agronomist may vary depending on this threshold and may create confusion in the farming sector. In France, many soil labs and agronomists tend to consider a minimum 2-3% of SOM as a threshold to sustain crop production whereas in Spain the % will be much lower (1-1,5%). Your experience in this area is welcome.
How to calculate Shrub biomass with harvest method and not harvest method, when you have data in below given parameters
1. Number of Bushes/5 m2
2. Number of tillers in a bush
a. thick (above 15cm CBH)
b. Medium (>7cm and <15cm CBH)
c. Thin (<7cm CBH)
3. Height of the tiller
How the below ground biomass can be determined/calculated from the known above ground biomass of trees, shrubs and herbs? Is there is any specific ratio, % to find the BGB from the AGB?
As we know plant respires during night time, but is ththere any instrument/device/procedures/methodology to measure how much CO2 is being emitted by a plant/tree in field condition over a specific period of time?
Please let me know!
Is it enough to use a simple equation: " GHG reduction (kg/ton) = 3.67 x % of fixed carbon content x amount of biochar applied (kg / ton)"?
List of Trees, Shrubs and Economic Herbs of the Southern Forest Circle of the C.p
Greetings researchers, I was wondering if anyone knew the C02e (C02 equivalent) of producing a kg of C02 gas compared to producing a kg of N gas?
My reason for asking is that (assuming no difference in output) it would be advantageous to use the inert gas with the lower C02e when making biochar to sequester C02e via pyrolysis.
I am a teacher-researcher at the National Institute of Agaronomy and Biotechnology of the Masuku University of Science and Technology. I work on organic carbon in ferraltic soils.
I want to know if in your project you are interested in this aspect as these savannas can play a major role in carbon sequestration and thus mitigate global warming.
What are the methods and Procedures for estimation of carbon sequestration potential in Agricultural (annual) crops?
Is there is any specific tool available to calculate it?
I trapped soil CO2 in NaOH and analyzed on Analtik jena N/C 3100, Instrument gave reading in mg/L. How can I calculate the CO2-C in mg/kg soil or in any other units etc.
I used 3ml of NaOH and 12 ml of UPDW (D.F= 5).
Some people write the greatness of wetlands for soil carbon sequestration, climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. Others dictate the potential of wetlands for rice cultivation. Many countries in Asian continent uses rice (which is cultivated in wetlands) as their staple food. Thus, which use of wetlands is recommended? How to compromise these benefits?
Generally we see that carbon sequestration potential in agroforestry system is considered with respect to trees but what about contribution of crops and other components. Most of the researcher mentioned carbon sequesrtaion of agroforestry systembut mainly taking into account tree component which I think not of system but trees just like pure plantations.
What are regularly applied methods to estimate tree carbon sequestration in tropical dryland forest?
If there are two or three different agroforestry system to be evaluated for efficiency of productivity in terms of carbon sequestration potential, then what are the parameters to be used for comparison