Science topic

Cannabaceae - Science topic

A plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is most notable for the members, Cannabis and Hops.
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Publications related to Cannabaceae (540)
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Article
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In this study, essential oils (EOs) and hydrolates (Hys) from Italian hemp (Cannabis sativa L. Kompolti cv.) and hop (Humulus Lupulus L., Chinook cv.) supply chains were chemically characterized and tested to investigate their apoptotic potential for the first time. Headspace–Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (HS-GC-MS) techniques were performed...
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. has been known for at least 2000 years as a source of important, medically significant specialised metabolites and several bio-active molecules have been enriched from multiple chemotypes. However, due to the many levels of complexity in both the commercial cultivation of cannabis and extraction of its specialised metabolites, se...
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. belongs to the Cannabaceae family and includes annual, robust, fast-growing and generally dioecious plants. Industrial hemp, and particularly the inflorescences, has been recently recognized as important source of bioactive extracts with antioxidant and antimicrobial effects. The goal of the present study was to explore botanical...
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. is a plant belonging to the Cannabaceae family, cultivated for its psychoactive cannabinoid (Δ9-THC) concentration or for its fiber and nutrient content in industrial use. Industrial hemp shows a low Δ9-THC level and is a valuable source of phytochemicals, mainly represented by cannabinoids, flavones, terpenes, and alkaloids, wit...
Article
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Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc.), an invasive herbaceous vine from eastern Asia, is a threat to river bottom and moist soil communities throughout eastern North America. This disturbance fugitive is difficult to control due to rapid vegetative growth rates and copious supplies of highly dispersible achenes ("seeds"). Herbicide and cut...
Article
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Humans have utilised cannabis products in various forms throughout the recorded history. To date, more than 500 biologically active components have been identified in the plants of the Cannabis genus, amongst which more than 100 were classified as phytocannabinoids (exocannabinoids). The plant genus Cannabis is a member of the plant family Cannabac...
Article
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a valuable crop and model plant for studying sex chromosomes. The scientific interest in the plant has led to its whole genome sequencing and the determination of its cytogenetic characteristics. A range of cytogenetic markers (subtelomeric repeat CS-1, 5S rDNA, and 45S rDNA) has been mapped onto hemp’s chromosomes by f...
Article
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In plants, dioecy is relatively rare, and it involves sex chromosome systems that often developed independently over time. These characteristics make dioecious plants an attractive model to study sex chromosome evolution. To clarify the patterns of plant sex chromosome evolution, studies should be performed on a wide range of dioecious species. It...
Article
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An alternative in vitro propagation protocol for medical Cannabis sativa L. cultivars for pharmaceutical industrial use was established. The aim of the protocol was to reduce the culture time, offering healthy and aseptic propagating material, while making the whole process more economic for industrial use. The propagation procedure was performed u...
Article
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With the advent of the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) system, plant genome editing has entered a new era of robust and precise editing for any genes of interest. The development of various CRISPR/Cas toolkits has enabled new genome editing outcomes that not only target indel mutati...
Article
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MADS-box transcription factors (TFs) are involved in multiple plant development processes and are most known during the reproductive transition and floral organ development. Very few genes have been characterized in the genome of Humulus lupulus L. (Cannabaceae), an important crop for the pharmaceutical and beverage industries. The MADS-box family...
Article
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Background Intense conversion of tropical forests into agricultural systems contributes to habitat loss and the decline of ecosystem functions. Plant-pollinator interactions buffer the process of forest fragmentation, ensuring gene flow across isolated patches of forests by pollen transfer. In this study, we identified the composition of pollen gra...
Chapter
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Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer characterized by the lack of estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, and HER-2 receptors. Thus, TNBC tumors do not benefit from the current therapies targeting estrogen receptor or HER-2. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop novel treatments for this subtype of breast c...
Article
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Celtis is a large genus in Cannabaceae family, with more than 70 species in the world. However, the intraspecific variabilities of morphological features make it difficult for some species to be distinguished based on their morphological characteristics. To supply the chloroplast (cp) genome resources of Celtis for species identification, the plast...
Article
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Chloroplast markers (cp markers) are the useful instrument for cannabis (syn. hemp, Cannabis sativa L.) to study relationships of accessions between different geographic origins. In an alignment of three published plastomes 38 chloroplast polymorphisms were identified from which 8 cp markers were used to study relationships of 53 cannabis accession...
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. subspecies sativa is a subspecies of the genus Cannabis (Cannabaceae), also known as industrial hemp. It is a herbaceous and double-jawed plant. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants, and the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD) are essential compounds in industry and medicine. These compounds...
Thesis
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Master's thesis. Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) from Brazil. Review of Celtis species from Brazil.
Article
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Humulus lupulus (Cannabaceae) is a climbing herbaceous plant with perennial production, intended mainly for the brewing industry. H. lupulus is widely cultivated in temperate regions; hop cultivars have shown good adaptation in regions of Brazil. In a hop-growing area in São Mateus, the state of Espírito Santo, leaf wilting and galling of the root...
Article
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DNA Barcode Analysis was carried out as new taxonomic approach to reaffirm the identity and the phylogenetic relationship of five families of order Rosales by using three molecular markers such as rbcL, matK and trnH-psbA. This study will serve as contribution to the previous taxonomic position of the order Rosales on the basis of morphological cha...
Article
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Well-preserved silicified woods from a site near the town of Post, Oregon, western USA, provide insights into the late Eocene vegetation and climate ca. 36 million years and data for comparing with both older and younger wood floras regionally and globally. The composition of this wood flora, taken into consideration along with taxa identified from...
Article
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The article is devoted to the adventive flora of the southern part of Sakhalin Island. Nowadays, 274 species of adventive plants, belonging to 192 genera and 57 families, have been identified here. Five families (Amaranthaceae, Cannabaceae, Commelinaceae, Linaceae, and Malvaceae) are represented by invasive species only. The structure of the leadin...
Article
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Context: Depression is a severe mental illness caused by a deficiency of dopamine and serotonin. Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae) has long been used to treat pain, nausea, and depression. Objective: This study investigates the anti-depressant effects of C. sativa (hemp) seed ethanol extract (HE) in chlorpromazine (CPZ)-induced Drosophila melanog...
Article
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Lectins are ubiquitous proteins characterized through their ability to bind different types of carbohydrates. It is well known that active lectins from insufficiently prepared legumes can cause adverse human health effects. The objective of this study was to determine the activity of lectins in samples across plant families representing commerciall...
Poster
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INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO El lúpulo (Humulus lupulus L.) es una planta vivaz, dioica de la familia de las Cannabáceas cultivada por su flores femeninas entre cuyas brácteas ensanchadas se ubican glándulas productoras de lupulina, responsable del aroma y amargor de la cerveza. Anualmente en España se producen 40*10 6 hl de cerveza, para lo que se impo...
Article
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Cannabis sativa (2n = 2x = 20) is a popular species belonging to the Cannabaceae family. Despite its use for medical, recreational, and industrial purposes as well as its long history, the genetic research on this species is in its infancy due to the legal implications and the prohibition campaigns. The recent legalization of Cannabis in many count...
Article
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Artocarpus gomezianus is a medicinal species native to Asia. To infer its phylogenetic relationship to the other Moraceae, the complete chloroplast genome of A. gomezianus was sequenced. The whole chloroplast genome is 160,743 bp in length, consisting of a pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions of 25,691 bp, one large single-copy (LSC) region of 89,2...
Article
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.), a medicinal plant of family Cannabaceae, growing wild in most of the rainfed areas of Punjab, Pakistan. In this study, phytochemical profile of methanolic extract of root was assessed through GC-MS analysis and various biologically active compounds were identified through literature survey. There were 14 compounds in the...
Article
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The placental passage of humulone and protopine was investigated with a human ex vivo placental perfusion model. The model was first validated with diazepam and citalopram, 2 compounds known to cross the placental barrier, and antipyrine as a positive control. All compounds were quantified by partially validated U(H)PLC-MS/MS bioanalytical methods....
Article
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Premise: Celtis is the most species-rich genus of Cannabaceae, an economically important family. Celtis species have been described as wind-pollinated and andromonoecious. However, the andromonoecy of Celtis has been debated because there are reports of monoclinous flowers with non-opening anthers on short filaments. Our objective was to study the...
Article
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.), belongs to the Cannabaceae family. It is very rich in chemical constituents, especially the cannabinoids which has not been reported in any other plant, and has broad pharmacological properties. Hemp as a multi‐purpose crop is a good source of fibers, seed, fixed and volatile oil. It is known that the cannabinoid content o...
Conference Paper
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The history of the migration and spread of Cannabis, a genus of the Cannabaceae family, from its center of origin is still uncertain. While its sister-genus Humulus is acknowledged to have naturally dispersed from Asia to Europe prior to human agency, Cannabis is commonly thought to have been spread by humans when cultures began to enjoy the multip...
Article
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Hanfgewächse (Cannabaceae) wie Cannabis werden zur Gesundheitsvorsorge und für Heilzwecke nachweislich seit rund 6.000 Jahren genutzt. Die derzeitige Nachfrage nach Cannabis und CBD-Öl für Heilzwecke steigt – und der Cannabisbann erscheint mittlerweile unzeitgemäß und erodiert zunehmend. Es scheint ganz so, als fordere die Menschheit ihr heilkräfti...
Article
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Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L., family: Cannabaceae) is a multi purpose crop valued for its fiber, food, and medicinal uses. Due to the similarities between fibre type and drug type of Cannabis, the production of industrial hemp was prohibited in most countries. The northen part of India are legalized for the hemp cultivation for promoting the...
Article
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Hop (Humulus lupulus) is a perennial plant with commercial values. Here, we reported the complete chloroplast genome for a local hop cultivar (Humulus lupulus cv. ‘Fubei-1’) from Xinjiang, China. The chloroplast genome is 153,614 bp long with an A + T-biased base composition, and contains a total of 113 gene species, including 79 protein-coding, 30...
Article
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The genus Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) comprises around 73 species distributed in temperate and tropical regions of both hemispheres. Most South American species belong to the subgenus Mertensia Planch., and they are characterized by showing high morphological plasticity. A recent taxonomic revision of this group was carried out with an excessively redu...
Conference Paper
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Weeds are commonly considered a threat to biodiversity but their role to control heavy metals contamination is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to find out weed species that thrive naturally in the capital industrial area. Transect approach was used for the collection of data, where each transect was consisting of 5 Quadrats. A total of...
Article
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A new species of Celtis toka (Family Cannabaceae) from Faifa, Saudi Arabia is described and illustrated. Morphological descriptions with a distribution map and photograph of the species were provided. Celtis toka is only recorded from West and Middle of the Sahel region and East Tropical Africa to Yemen in Arabian Peninsula. This record conceded as...
Article
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A new whitefly species, Pealius gallae sp. nov. forming pit galls on Celtis philippensis Blanco discovered in the Andaman Islands, is described and illustrated. Leaf pit galls were formed in the microhabitat of the puparia, each pit was observed with a single puparium, the opposite side of the galls was convex, easily recognizable by chlorotic spot...
Article
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Cannabis is an ancient crop representing a rapidly increasing legal market, especially for medicinal purposes. Medicinal and psychoactive effects of Cannabis rely on specific terpenophenolic ligands named cannabinoids. Recent whole-genome sequencing efforts have uncovered variation in multiple genes encoding the final steps in cannabinoid biosynthe...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabis is an ancient crop representing a rapidly increasing legal market, especially for medicinal purposes. Medicinal and psychoactive effects of Cannabis rely on specific terpenophenolic ligands named cannabinoids. Recent whole-genome sequencing efforts have uncovered variation in multiple genes encoding the final steps in cannabinoid biosynthe...
Article
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Efficacy of treatments for MS is associated with risk of adverse effects, and effective and well-tolerated drugs remain a major unmet need. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa L., fam. Cannabaceae) and cannabinoids are popular among MS patients to treat spast...
Article
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Plants from natural flora (wild-growing) as well as cultural plants demonstrated numerous useful properties that play an important role in human life. They often can be used as medicinal, forage, food, etc. Searching for new sources of valuable capacities of wild plants still is actual. Humulus lupulus L. (hop) is well-known species from the small...
Article
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Background Cannabinoids; tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN), might show antibacterial activity. Trema orientalis is a species in the Cannabaceae that is closely related to Cannabis through plastome phylogenetic evidence. This species is widely distributed throughout tropical Asia and is used as traditional medicine,...
Article
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cannabinoids and terpenoids have therapeutic effects on human and animal health. Cannabis plants can often have a relatively high heterogeneity, which leads to different phenotypes that have different chemical profiles despite being from the same variety. Little information exists about cannabinoid and terpenoid profiles i...
Article
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We recently described, in Cannabis sativa, the oldest sex chromosome system documented so far in plants (12‐28 Myo). Based on the estimated age, we predicted that it should be shared by its sister genus Humulus, which is known to also possess XY chromosomes. Here, we used transcriptome sequencing of a F1 family of Humulus lupulus to identify and st...
Article
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This paper reports an experimental study on the micro-structure as well as mechanical properties of concrete mixes with partial replacement of cement by Tagouk ash as a type of natural Pozzolan. Partial cement replacement by waste natural materials such as Tagouk ash would be a promising solution toward reducing greenhouse gases emissions as well a...
Article
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Leonotis leonurusL. R. Br. (Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant native to the South Africancontinent also employed as a recreational drug and a substitute to Cannabis sativaL. (Cannabaceae). Given the interest of the last mentioned species as a source of treatments for epilepsy among many other pathologies and its possible substitution for L. leonurus,...
Preprint
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Background: Cannabis refers to a flowering plant in the family Cannabaceae, which has been used medically, recreationally, and industrially. The history of cannabis has been both long and complex, however, the last few decades have seen a large increase in the volume of literature on this topic. The objective of the present bibliometric analysis is...
Article
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Purpose: In this review, the compound 6-prenylapigenin was identified as a potential wild type Plasmodium vivax dihydrofolate reductase (PDB ID: 2BL9) protein receptor inhibitor through a series of computer-assisted drug design processes, to highlight important interactions between ligand and 2BL9 receptor protein and determine drug properties. pro...
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. is an herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Cannabaceae. It is classified into three different chemotypes based on the different cannabinoids profile. In particular, fiber-type cannabis (hemp) is rich in cannabidiol (CBD) content. In the present work, a rapid nano liquid chromatographic method (nano-LC) was proposed for the...
Article
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Background There is a worldwide interest in the use of Cannabis sativa for biomedicine purposes. Cannabis has ethnomedicinal usage as a natural medicine in Bangladesh and cultivated during the British Empire period for revenues. Objective Folk medicine practitioners (FMPs) from different districts of Bangladesh have been using Cannabis sativa , b...
Article
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Tree stems undergo a massive secondary growth in which secondary xylem and phloem tissues arise from the vascular cambium. Vascular cambium activity is driven by endogenous developmental signalling cues and environmental stimuli. Current knowledge regarding the genetic regulation of cambium activity and secondary growth is still far from complete....
Article
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Cannabis sativa L. Cannabaceae, used for psychoactive rituals in Mesopotamia. Here, we investigated in vitro inhibitory activity of methyl alcohol extract derived from leaves and resin of cannabis against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Moreover, the binding affinity (BA; kcal/mol) of selected phytochemicals of cannabi...
Article
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Celtis is a Cannabaceae genus of 60–70 species of trees, or rarely shrubs, commonly known as hackberries. This woody genus consists of very valuable forest plants that provide important wildlife habitat for birds and mammals. Although previous studies have identified its phylogenetic position, interspecific relationships within Celtis remain unclea...
Article
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Kenevir, Cannabaceae familyasında yer alan, tek yıllık, otsu ve çok yönlü kullanım potansiyeli olan bir endüstri bitkidir. Tarihin en eski bitkilerinden biri olan kenevir, ilaç, gıda, kâğıt, biyoyakıt, tekstil, kozmetik, inşaat ve otomotiv sektörüne kadar oldukça geniş yelpazede kullanım alanına sahiptir. Ekolojik ve topografı istekleri bakımından...
Preprint
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Cannabis is an ancient crop representing a rapidly increasing legal market, especially for medicinal purposes. Medicinal and psychoactive effects of Cannabis rely on specific terpenophenolic ligands named cannabinoids. Recent whole-genome sequencing efforts have uncovered variation in multiple genes encoding the final steps in cannabinoid biosynthe...
Article
Full-text available
High cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG) varieties of Cannabis sativa L., a species with medicinal properties, were regenerated in vitro. Explants of nodal segments including healthy axillary bud, after sterilization, were placed in Murashige-Skoog (MS) culture medium. The shoots formed after 30 days were subcultured in full- or half-strength...
Article
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Understanding the plastid genome is extremely important for the interpretation of the genetic mechanisms associated with essential physiological and metabolic functions, the identification of possible marker regions for phylogenetic or phylogeographic analyses, and the elucidation of the modes through which natural selection operates in different r...
Chapter
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10 gén. y ca. 115 spp., Can.–Bol. y Ven., Trin. & Tob., Guayanas, Bras., Par., Uru., Arg., Antillas, Bahamas, Bermudas, Viejo Mundo; 4 gén. y 8 spp. en CR. FC: Fieldiana, Bot. 40: 216–217 (Burger, 1977); FM 2(3): 174–177
Preprint
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Studies were conducted from 2015 to 2018 to evaluate spotted lanternfly (SLF) distribution and developmental suitability of different plant species in the U.S. Tree bands on 283 trees spanning 33 species captured 21,006 SLF in 2 yr. More SLF per tree were trapped on tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Sapindales: Simaroubaceae) than...
Article
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Studies were conducted from 2015 to 2018 to evaluate spotted lanternfly (SLF) distribution and developmental suitability of different plant species in the U.S. Tree bands on 283 trees spanning 33 species captured 21,006 SLF in 2 yr. More SLF per tree were trapped on tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Sapindales: Simaroubaceae) than...
Article
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Based on examination of 352 specimens collected from the Puryear clay pit (middle Eocene Cockfield Formation, Claiborne Group), Henry County, Tennessee, we recognize 72 fossil taxa/morphotypes of angiosperms. Thirty-two taxa/morphotypes are related to the following 12 extant families: Altingiaceae (2), Araliaceae (1), Arecaceae (2), Cannabaceae (1)...
Article
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PREMISE: How genetic variation within a species affects phytochemical composition is a fundamental question in botany. The ratio of two specialized metabolites in Cannabis sativa, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), can be grouped into three main classes (THC-type, CBD-type, and intermediate type). We tested a genetic model associatin...