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Cancer Therapy - Science topic

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Publications related to Cancer Therapy (10,000)
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Research Proposal
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Dear Colleague, I am glad to announce that I and Prof. Sfondrini and Doctor Sommariva are currently co-editing a Special Issue on Cancers journal (IF= 6.639) with the theme of innate immunity in cancer therapy. In this special Issue, we invite contributions (original research papers, review articles and short communication) that focus on the role o...
Article
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Cancer metastases are the most common causes of cancer-related deaths. The formation of secondary tumors at different sites in the human body can impair multiple organ function and dramatically decrease the survival of the patients. In this stage, it is difficulty to treat tumor growth and spreading due to arising therapy resistances. Therefore, it...
Article
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Targeting PD1/PDL1 with blocking antibodies for cancer therapy has shown promising benefits in the clinic, but only approximately 20-30% of patients develop durable clinical responses to the treatment. Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) that combine PD1/PDL1 blockade with the modulation of another immune checkpoint target may have greater potential to e...
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Although monoclonal antibodies have greatly improved cancer therapy, they can trigger side effects due to on-target, off-tumor toxicity. Over the past decade, strategies have emerged to successfully mask the antigen-binding site of antibodies, such that they are only activated at the relevant site, for example, after proteolytic cleavage. However,...
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Ligands for Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING) receptor are under investigation as adjuvants in cancer therapy. Multiple effects have been described, including induction of immunogenic cell death and enhancement of CD8 T-cell mediated anti-tumor immunity. However, the potential effects of STING ligands on activation and effector functions of tu...
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Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are increasingly powerful medicines for targeted cancer therapy. Inspired by the trend to further improve their therapeutic index by generation of homogenous ADCs, we report here how the clinical-stage GlycoConnect™ technology uses the globally conserved N-glycosylation site to generate stable and site-specific ADCs...
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Background and purpose: Breast cancer can be a significant challenge for those affected. Knowledge of physical function, social-emotional challenges, and perceived cognitive function based on the cancer treatment regimens may help to inform adequate support. Methods: For this prospective observational pilot study, we collected data of seventy-ni...
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Cancer is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1), as a patent endogenous inhibitor of calcineurin, plays crucial roles in the pathogenesis of cancers. Except for hypopharyngeal and laryngopharynx cancer, high expression of RCAN1 inhibits tumor progression. Molecular antitumor functions of RCAN1 are largely depe...
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Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2) is a glycoprotein which is expressed in a broad spectrum of tumour cells and tumour tissues derived from human breast, colorectum, stomach, esophagus, prostate, kidney, liver, bone, ovary, lung and so forth. The expression of STC2 is regulated at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels; particularly, STC2 is sign...
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Background Despite the increasing interest in combination therapy for the treatment of cancer, controlled delivery of different therapeutics with high body-clearance efficacy and cancer cell specificity remained a great challenge. In this study, a novel codelivery system was synthesized through one-pot coordination-driven self-assembly of 2-methyli...
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Theranostic nanoplatforms integrating diagnostic and therapeutic functions have received considerable attention in the past decade. Among them, hollow manganese (Mn)-based nanoplatforms are superior since they combine the advantages of hollow structures and the intrinsic theranostic features of Mn ²⁺ . Specifically, the hollow cavity can encapsulat...
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Background Heat generation in a drug delivery carrier by exposure to near-infrared (NIR) light with excellent tissue transmittance is an effective strategy for drug release and tumor therapy. Because liposomes have amphiphilic properties, they are useful as drug carriers. Liposomes are also very suitable for drug delivery strategies using heat gene...
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Transient-receptor potential (TRP) channels comprise a diverse family of ion channels, which play important roles in regulation of intracellular calcium. Emerging evidence has revealed the critical roles of TRP channels in tumor development and progression. However, we still lack knowledge about the genetic and pharmacogenomics landscape of TRP gen...
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Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have become a research hotspot in recent years with their universality, diversity, stability, conservativeness, and spatiotemporal specificity. N ⁶ -methyladenosine (m ⁶ A), the most abundant modification in the eukaryotic cells, is engaged in the pathophysiological processes of various diseases. An increasing amount of evi...
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The goals of precision oncology are to provide targeted drug therapy based on each individual’s specific tumor biology, and to enable the prediction and early assessment of treatment response to allow treatment modification when necessary. Thus, precision oncology aims to maximize treatment success while minimizing the side effects of inadequate or...
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Significant improvements in the modern era of anticancer therapeutic strategies have increased the survival rate of cancer patients. Unfortunately, cancer survivors have an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, which is believed to result from anticancer therapies. The e...
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Innovations in nanomedicine has guided the improved outcomes for cancer diagnosis and therapy. However, frequent use of nanomaterials remains challenging due to specific limitations like non-targeted distribution causing low signal-to-noise ratio for diagnostics, complex fabrication, reduced-biocompatibility, decreased photostability, and systemic...
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Technologies required to generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) were first described 15 years ago, providing a strong impetus to the field of regenerative medicine. In parallel, immunotherapy has finally emerged as a clinically meaningful modality of cancer therapy. In particular, impressive efficacy has been achieved in patients with selec...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a group of secretory vesicles with cell-derived membrane and contents. Due to the cargo delivery capability, EVs can be designed as drug delivery platforms for cancer therapy. Biocompatibility and immune compatibility endow EVs with unique advantages compared with other nanocarriers. With the development of this fie...
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Background: In the last years, several efforts have been made to classify colorectal cancer (CRC) into well-defined molecular subgroups, representing the intrinsic inter-patient heterogeneity, known as Consensus Molecular Subtypes (CMSs). Methods: In this work, we performed a meta-analysis of CRC patients stratified into four CMSs. We identified...
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Mortality associated with pancreatic cancer is among the highest of all malignancies, with a 5-year overall survival of 5–10%. Immunotherapy, represented by the blocking antibodies against programmed cell death protein 1 or its ligand 1 (anti-PD-(L)1), has achieved remarkable success in a number of malignancies. However, due to the immune-suppressi...
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Background Cancer therapy targeting programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1 or CD279) or programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1 or CD274) gives hope to Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma (TSCC) treatment. However, the tumor-intrinsic mechanism of PD-L1 is not fully elucidated in TSCC. On the other hand, lycopene showed antitumor effects and chemotherapy/radiothera...
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Nanoparticles have unique properties and high design flexibility, which are thought to be safe, site-specific, and efficient drug delivery systems. However, nanoparticles as exogenous materials can provide recognition and be eliminated by the body’s immune system, which considerably restricts their applications. To overcome these drawbacks, natural...
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Bioenzymes that catalyze reactions within living systems show a great promise for cancer therapy, particularly when they are integrated with nanoparticles to improve their accumulation into tumor sites. Nanomedicines can deliver toxic bioenzymes into cancer cells to directly cause their death for cancer treatment. By modulating the tumor microenvir...
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Affibody molecules are small non-immunoglobulin affinity proteins, which can precisely target to some cancer cells with specific overexpressed molecular signatures. However, the relatively short in vivo half-life of them seriously limited their application in drug targeted delivery for cancer therapy. Here an amphiphilic affibody-drug conjugate is...
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Background Ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation (OTCTP) is currently the main option available to preserve fertility in prepubertal patients undergoing aggressive cancer therapy treatments. However, a major limitation of OTCTP is follicle loss after transplantation. The mouse is a model of choice for studying ovarian function and fol...
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Cancer has been a serious threat to human health. Among drug delivery carriers, protein nanoparticles are unique because of their mild and environmentally friendly preparation methods. They also inherit desired characteristics from natural proteins, such as biocompatibility and biodegradability. Therefore, they have solved some problems inherent to...
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The tumor microenvironment (TME) has been demonstrated to modulate the biological behavior of tumors intensively. Multiple stress conditions are widely observed in the TME of many cancer types, such as hypoxia, inflammation, and nutrient deprivation. Recently, accumulating evidence demonstrates that the expression levels of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs)...
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With inconsistent findings, evidence has been obtained in recent years that metabolic disorders are closely associated with the development of lymphomas. Studies and multiple analyses have been published also indicating that some solid tumor survivors develop a secondary lymphoma, whereas some lymphoma survivors subsequently develop a second malign...
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Surgical resection is a widely used method for the treatment of solid tumor cancers. However, the inhibition of tumor recurrence and metastasis are the main challenges of postoperative tumor therapy. Traditional intravenous or oral administration have poor chemotherapeutics bioavailability and undesirable systemic toxicity. Polymeric hydrogels with...
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Liquid metals (LMs) with high thermal/electrical conductivity, extraordinary fluidity, and excellent biocompatibility have garnered considerable attention in the last decade. Especially, gallium (Ga)-based and bismuth (Bi)-based low-melting-point (near-physiological temperature) LMs have attracted tremendous attention from various biomedical applic...
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Inhibition of the NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE), the key E1 enzyme in the neddylation cascade, has been considered an attractive anticancer strategy with the discovery of the first-in-class NAE inhibitor, MLN4924. In this study, we identified SOMCL-19-133 as a highly potent, selective, and orally available NAE inhibitor, which is an analog to AMP....
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Nanoscale engineering is one of the innovative approaches to heal multitudes of ailments, such as varieties of malignancies, neurological problems, and infectious illnesses. Therapeutics for neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) may be modified in aspect because of their ability to stimulate physiological response while limiting negative consequences by...
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Salmonella-based cancer therapies show great potential in preclinical models, but for most cases the observed antitumor effect is transient. Understanding the basis of the antitumor efficacy might guide the design of improved strains that elicit long-lasting effects, paving the wave for clinical use. Here, we deepened into the role of macrophages a...
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Purpose of Review This review focuses on the opposing effects on the immune system of radiotherapy (RT) and the consequences for combined cancer treatment strategies of RT with immunotherapies, including hyperthermia (HT). How RT and HT might affect cancer stem cell populations is also briefly outlined in this context. Recent Findings RT is one of...
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Chemotherapy is the prime tool for the clinical treatment of cancer. The efficiency of treatment has been greatly improved with the assistance of nanomedicine delivery systems. However, it still meets the challenge of inefficient drug delivery and damage to normal tissues caused by uncontrolled drug release. Considering the various processes of nan...
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The CDK4/6‐Rb axis is a crucial target of cancer therapy and several selective inhibitors of it have been approved for clinical application. However, current therapeutic efficacy evaluation mostly relies on anatomical imaging, which cannot directly reflect changes in drug targets, leading to a delay in the selection of optimal treatment. In this st...
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N6-methyladenosine (m⁶A) is the most abundant RNA modification. M⁶A RNA methylation is reversible: m⁶A is installed by “writers”, removed by “erasers”, and recognized by “readers”. Readers are executors to regulate RNA metabolism by recognizing specific m⁶A sites, including RNA splicing, export, translation and decay. YTHDF2 is the first identified...
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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) are the members of protein tyrosine kinase family. Their malfunction causes breast cancer (BC). It is the most common type of cancer in women and is the leading cause of death worldwide. In breast cancer therapy, targeting the EGFR and HER2 receptors has...
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The tumor microenvironment (TME), as an immunosuppressive milieu, has a critical role in tumor progression and increases resistance to the conventional treatments. Among the abundant immunosuppressive cells in the TME, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) could be a promising target for reprogramming and potentiating the local anti-tumor response. O...
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Purpose Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. To improve the therapeutic outcomes, drug delivery systems, and particularly liposomes, have been widely investigated. Therefore, this review analyzed systematically the literature to inquire about the safety and efficacy of liposomal formulations in lung cancer treatment. Met...
Preprint
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The genetic changes appearing in the information system of the cell that program its un-regulated growth and proliferation gradually lead to cancer manifestation, and the treatment options need to be guided accordingly. The critical roles played by some of the molecules associated with the signaling pathways and cell microenvironment that often ind...
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The emergence of chemoresistance in neoplastic cells is one of the major obstacles in cancer therapy. Autophagy was recently reported as one of the mechanisms that promote chemoresistance in cancer cells by protecting against apoptosis and driving senescence. Thus, understanding the role of autophagy and its underlying signaling pathways is crucial...
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In recent years, the role of biocompatible nanocarriers (BNs) and their cancer cell targeting efficiency in photodynamic therapy (PDT) holds potential benefits for cancer treatment. Biocompatible and biodegradable nanoparticles are successfully used as carrier molecules to deliver cancer drugs and photosensitizers due to their material safety in th...
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Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces cancer cell death and contributes to tumor rejection by cytotoxic lymphocytes in cancer immunosurveillance and immunotherapy. TRAIL and TRAIL receptor agonists have garnered wide popularity as promising agents for cancer therapy. We previously demonstrated that the loss of fuco...
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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are an important part of tumor microenvironment (TME) and play a key role in TME, participating in the process of tumor occurrence, growth, invasion, and metastasis. Among them, metastasis to tumor tissue is the key step of malignant development of tumor. In this paper, the latest progress in the role of TAMs in...
Preprint
Full-text available
The genetic changes appearing in the information system of the cell that program its unregulated growth and proliferation gradually lead to cancer manifestation, and the treatment options need to be guided accordingly. The critical roles played by some of the molecules associated with the signaling pathways and cell microenvironment that often indu...
Article
Full-text available
Androgen receptor splice variant‐7 (AR‐V7), one of the major driving factors, is the most attractive drug target in castration‐resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Currently, no available drugs efficiently target AR‐V7 in clinical practice. The DNA binding domain (DBD) is indispensable for the transcriptional activity of AR full length and AR splice v...
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Titanium sesquioxide (Ti2O3) is drawing broad attention due to its fascinating physical properties and promising applications in the fields of energy, biomedicine, and electronics, among others. Its richness is due mainly to the strongly correlated 3d¹ electrons on the Ti³⁺ sites. In stark contrast to titanium dioxide (TiO2), Ti2O3 has an ultra‐nar...
Article
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Cancer has emerged as one of the most severe diseases in modern times, various therapies have advanced remarkably in recent decades. Unlike the direct therapeutic targeting tumor cells, immunotherapy is a promising strategy that stimulate the immune system. In cancer immunotherapy, polymeric-based nanoparticles can serve as deliver systems for anti...
Article
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Numerous advances have been made in the treatment of cancer, but there have also been a number of drawbacks as a result of the drugs' inability to reach the affected organs with sufficient precision. As a result, cancer is still listed as the leading cause of fatalities, meanwhile, the treatment itself has many side effects. In cancer therapy, tumo...
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Early detection of cancer and the design of appropriate treatment methods using nanotheranostics can reduce cancer mortality. Nanotheranostics are diagnostic nanomaterials that can be used in imaging and in therapeutic treatments, and so contribute to improving cancer diagnosis, provide real-time monitoring of the tumor response to treatment, and i...
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The primary purpose of ADCs is to increase the efficacy of anticancer medications by minimizing systemic drug distribution and targeting specific cells. Antibody conjugates (ADCs) have changed the way cancer is treated. However, because only a tiny fraction of patients experienced long-term advantages, current cancer preclinical and clinical resear...
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Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women and remains a formidable therapeutic challenge. Mitochondria participate in a myriad of essential cellular processes, such as metabolism, and are becoming an ideal target for cancer therapy. Artemisinin and its derivatives have demonstrated multiple activities in the context of va...
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Smart nanomaterials are extensively studied for their significance as a nanocarrier towards cancer treatment. Nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems provide improved biocompatibility and stability, precise targeting, enhanced permeability, and controlled release of drugs even in the harsh tumor microenvironment. The recently used smart and advanc...