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Can online social media be an effective tool for promoting sustainability, biosphere conservation, biodiversity of natural ecosystems and planetary climate?
How can the promotion of biodiversity conservation and planetary climate be made more effective through social-marketing campaigns on social media sites?
How can the promotion of nature conservation, biodiversity of natural ecosystems, biosphere conservation and planetary climate be made more effective in social-marketing campaigns on social media sites?
How can the promotion of pro-climate and pro-environmental sustainability be made more effective in social-marketing campaigns conducted on social media platforms?
And what is your opinion on this topic?
What is your opinion on this subject?
Please reply,
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Yes, of course we have to use social media for promotion of sustainability and other relevant topics. If we want to reach TA quick and be sure that they are aware of our communication social media is the perfect place. Nowadays, all generations are involved in SM life, Gen Y and Z cannot imagine their live without SM.
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I have asked the same question in 2017, and I believe that there were more than 10 answers from different EU countries. I rememmber that, at the time, there were around 92 % of coverage of Poland, with Two various cloud densities for various areas in Poland :
12 points. /1 m sq for cities
4 points / 1 m sq. for rural areas.
Accuracy of the data is c.a. 7-12 cm for "z": coordinate
Period of 1 st LIDAR campaign : 2011 - 2017
I rememmber that LIDAR data were declared "open data" on August 28, 2018 and from this date you can download LIDAR data sets (LAS format) directly from http://www.geoportal.gov.pl
How about in your country ?
I am willing to collect answers from all of the EU countries, and others (if people from other countries will react as well), and to organize and compare them in common table.
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Indeed a nice publication, but they have considerable errors in it. Note, for example, that France did not acquire LiDAR data between 2003 - 2009 (they are mistakenly referring to ICESat data as ALS for the whole country). I have contacted the authors, and they are happy to receive feedback, so it would be great if everyone could comment on countries they know to help improve the document.
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I strongly feel that the publishers/journals that are now charging 1000 - 3000 USD for a single publication in the name of open access are making quite a lot of money. I strongly believe that reviewers who are devoting considerable time and sharing knowledge deserve a part of this cash. We should start a campaign that reviewers should be paid; even if it is a small sum of 10%. Also, the quality of the review process will improve, the senior seasoned scientists are often shying away from this role, and often the quality of reviews is low.
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Reviewing takes a lot of time and effort. Many a times the manuscripts are sent back and forth. The reviewers definitey deserve a share from the huge amount of publication money charged by the authors. I strongly support payment to reviewers.
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any information related to campaigns and voter education will be useful
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Yes, it affects through the nature of content, methods and speech and is in a popular language and that individuals are now most viewed on social networking sites, so they play an important role in changing the trends and opinions of voters.
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What's the campaign of strength of flash butt welding and thermite welding ?
Any research please share .
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For Action Research through the famer field schools (FFS) approach to learning conservation agriculture, initiated by the FAO.
The principle of the Farmers' Field School is to create a place of exchange and learning where producers learn as a group on their own through observation and exchange. The Global Good Practices Initiative aims to make information and know-how on extension easily accessible to a wide audience of practitioners.
KEY PRINCIPLES OF FFS
1. Learning by doing - adults learn best by practical experience than through passive listening during lessons lectures or demonstrations.
2. Each CEP is unique with regard to its content: they are farmers who decide what is relevant to them and what should address CEPs.
3. Learning from error - everyone's experience of reality is unique and valid.
4. Learning to learn - farmers strengthen their capacities to observe, analyze and make informed decisions.
5. Asking problems / finding solutions - the problems are presented as challenges and not as constraints.
6. Field schools are the learning ground - the field - a the agricultural or livestock system is the main learning tool.
7. Agricultural advisers are facilitators, not teachers - because their role is to guide the learning process.
8. There is strength - as a group, farmers have more power than individual producers.
9. All CEPs follow a systematic training process - the key steps are observation, group discussion, analysis, decision making and action planning
In a typical FFS, a group of 20 to 25 farmers meet once a week in a field and under the guidance of a trained facilitator. In sub-groups of five, they observe and compare two plots over the course of an entire agricultural campaign. One plot follows conventional local methods while the other is used to experiment with what might be considered "best practices". They experiment and observe key elements of the agro-ecosystem by measuring plant development, taking samples of insects, weeds and diseased plants, conducting simple cage trials, or comparing the characteristics of different plants, soils. At the end of the weekly meeting, they present their findings in a plenary session, followed by discussion and planning for the weeks ahead. Alternative practices are not assumed to be automatically superior to conventional practices. It's up to the farmers to decide what works best through their trials and observations. FFS is about providing a risk-free environment in which to discuss, dissect, modify and experiment with new ideas for natural resource management in general. Within this framework, farmers are able to study a wide range of subjects, such as integrated management of soil fertility, conservation agriculture, management of hydraulic or water resources, variety selection methods. local and seed quality issues; the risks associated with toxic pesticides and the implementation of low-toxic alternatives; developing marketing skills; and the diversification of agricultural production systems with new crops for food, fodder and profitability. Nationally and regionally, the list of topics continues to expand. The "learning by doing" approach encourages farm-oriented experimentation, group organization and decision-making, increasing the likelihood that farmers will eventually "own" and adopt the improved practices. At the end of the season, a typical FFS group organizes a field day to show local politicians, government agricultural officials and other farmers what they are doing. Exchange visits with other FFS are also encouraged. The season-long approach helps develop stronger social bonds that continue after the initial FFS. Not all topics can be covered in one season, and FFS groups often continue with new topics and activities in subsequent years. Exploring past trends, the current state, and future scenarios allows groups to prioritize needs, interests and actions for the future. National FFS programs are more than just a collection of FFS. They generally operate at different scales to develop social capital, for example by enabling the strengthening of producer organizations and contributing to greater organizational capacity across the entire value chain - from finance, post-harvest processing and production, marketing to investments. National FFS programs are starting to work in concert with other participatory community initiatives, including community listeners' clubs.
What else?
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This issue is dealt with in our two books:
(6) Sécurité Hydrique de la Tunisie, Gérer l'eau en conditions de pénurie | Request PDF (researchgate.net)
We are allowed to communicate copies of the book in french in the scientific sphere, just request on my RG page. Unfortunately, we are not allowed to do so with the English book
More resources on water resources in the arid zone can be found on the following projects referenes:
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I took a series of DO concentration readings at freshwater springs distributed over a large geographical area. Four weeks elapsed between the first measurement and the last. Each site was sampled only once. The DO concentration values of all readings are considerably lower than I expected.
All measurements were taken using a multi-parameter water quality meter from Hanna Instruments (HI-98194). Calibration was completed the day before the start of the sampling campaign.
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Hi Giulio,
Do you have DO in mg/l too? Saturation (%) is a relative measure moderated by temperature, i.e. the amount of oxygen present as a % of the max possible amount at that temperature. The groundwater DO might be very similar, but site-specific factors like presence of primary producers, shading or sampling factors like time of day, distance from the upwelling etc. may be influencing temperature, and thus saturation.
Best
Kieran
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One of the tests performed to check the polyspecificity of an antibody selected in vivo or in vitro is to test it in ELISA against BVP extract. My idea is to start already during the selection campaign to add the BVP extract as a blocking reagent for my phage libraries.
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I usually use biotinylated-antigens in solution and magnetic beads for the actual selection, so I was wondering if I can add the BVP directly in the phage solution, but it is not too much work to preclear the phage before passing them through an ELISA plate well or an immunotube coated with BVP
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The first report of P. miles in the Libyan waters was on the specimens caught on 1 December 2018 by a professional spear-fisherman using a diving air compressor at a depth of 25-27 m.
Currently, the records the eastern Libyan waters spread of the lionfish via reports posted on social media.
We understand that monitor and sampling campaigns are a powerful tool to increase databases for invasive species in the Libyan waters, also it's one effective way to quickly studies more of this species.
Sampling campaigns are a quick and simple way to increase knowledge about the successful establishment of the lionfish Pterois miles in Med waters . They allow researchers to collect a large amount of information in a short amount of time and help to get the most environmental awareness for local fisher.
We are launching a sample collection campaign for Lion fish in the Cyrenaica coast in the Libyan waters, given the fast nature of lionfish colonization , monitoring its invasive status, requires some special equipment's, samples are required to confirm the precise identity of the lionfish in question.
This equipment is not available in Libya.
Did you know where we can find an assortment of lionfish hunting gear and accessories free of charge? OR If Can anyone help us to provide this equipment free of charge.
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Dearest Adbulghani,
if you simply need to capture specimens of Pterois sp. to make a correct determination of the species you need a simple net (like the one used to catch butterflies) and / or a hand harpoon.
They are not technically advanced tools but very simple to make.
To make a homemade net, all you need is a long stick that acts as a handle, a few meters of wire and a couple of square meters of net (the fishing one is fine).
making a harpoon by hand is even simpler because you just need to attach a harpoon to the long stick that I used to connect to you (but also a kitchen fork) and you will have obtained your harpoon.
Where I come from, with these simple ingredients the kids build quite effective fishing tools. In fact, the Pteriois sp. they are quite static and easy to catch fish.
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"THIS IS AN ABSOLUTELY SCIENTIFIC QUESTION"
Are current vaccines not effective against this delta variant?
How does the behavior of virus within host organism manage to mutate?
SOURCE LINK:
The Delta variant doubles the risk of hospitalization—but the vaccines still work
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Dear friend professor Filipe Wiltgen!
Thank you very much for such a burning question!
Thesis:
I cannot offer a scientific explanation for this problem, since I am not a specialist in the field of medicine.
The virus reacts very quickly to the opposition and successfully resists modern treatment methods.
In solving the problems associated with СOVID-19, the virus is still winning, and politics is its reliable partner, or rather an assistant!
In the media, published material on this topic is often biased or ordered.
Statistics on the use of existing vaccines published in different countries can be found in the public domain and their effectiveness can be compared.
This is a common problem, therefore it must be solved together, by the whole world, and not "butt" and sort things out. Only together, by uniting efforts, you can reach a positive result.
All health and all the best!
With deep respect, Volodymyr Naumchuk
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Hello everyone,
I am in the middle of the writing process for my Master Thesis in Strategic Communication. Its aim is to understand how political communicators faced the last Italian Regional Elections in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic.
This is my Problem Statement:
"There has not been any investigation on how political communication professionals (e.g. Spin Doctors, Campaign Managers, Communication Strategists...) faced the crisis brought by the Covid-19 pandemic in a strategic way."
These are the Research Questions:
  1. The job in the practice (Which aspects of the job was affected the most by the Covid-19 crisis? How professionals rearranged and reshaped their work in front of this challenge? How the relationship with the political party as an organization changed?)
  2. Strategizing the crisis (Which impact had the Covid-19 crisis in developing the communication strategies? Which novelty added to their work? How campaign messages were articulated and framed in order to advantageously position the candidate in relation to the pandemic?)
In the Literature Review I discussed about the unfolding of the pandemic in Italy; the Italian Political System; The voting Regions and their portraits; Political electoral campaigns; Political elections during crisis; Political elections during the Covid-19.
Now I want to ask the nerds of my network for a hand in identifying which theories could help me frame and set up this type of research in the chapter on the Theoretical Framework.
Considering that:
a) The research will be qualitative, with semi-structured interviews with the communication professionals who have worked on the latest regional elections;
b) My starting idea is to use as theories: Political Public Relations paradigm as a communicative model that mediates between organizations and the publics; Crisis Communication theory to identify the concept of crisis and how the construction of frames is managed; Situational Theory of Problem Solving as a model that relates a contextual problem and different audiences' reactions to sort it out.
However, I feel that something is still missing to motivate the reactions and the changes of practitioners handling a crisis.
Do you have useful tips? What would you eliminate? What would you add?
Thanks in advance for the support
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i think you should go with used Chadwick's theory
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I am looking for recent data on the passive exposure of occupants of buildings containing asbestos. So far, I have not found much information on any measurement campaigns that have been conducted to find out about the background noise indoors (outside buildings where work or remediation is taking place).
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Can also message related researchers in different regions
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I am interested in the changes in the vibration response of a long-span bridge structure before and after damage. I am developing a dynamic characteristic identification method, which is tested only with simulated data. It will be very helpful with the actual dynamic deformation data to verify this method' capcity of identifying the changes in the characteristics such as the frequency extracted from the monitoring series before and after the structure's damaged.
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If you can send me some relevant GNSS monitoring data , you will be gratefully acknowledged in my future publications.
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Hello,
My thesis topic is following: The case of Amnesty International Cz in the online fundraising on social media in the Czech republic. The context of my study is to describe the relation between NGO and donors, identify the resources that each side offers to or demands from the other side and investigate how a person’s willingness to donate online modifies after applying online fundraising strategies on social media by NGO. The research will include three employees from the campaign development department of the AI Cz (campaign specialist, campaign coordinator, campaign manager) and two people from the social media management department of the AI Cz (social media manager, digital specialist).
Thank you for your help in advance.
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Fayaz Khan There are a large number of different approaches to qualitative analysis, and I do not know of any source that systematically compares them. I often recommend Braun and Clarke's Thematic Analysis simply because it is so widely used. You can learn more about it at their website:
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The CDC, and the various governments were obviously ill prepared for the COVID-19 Pandemic. Despite this failure, please check out their website, because they are prepared for the "Zombie Apocalypse." Check out the attached article about this:
The CDC is giving advice on preparing for a zombie apocalypse. Here's why experts applaud the move.
Korin MillerWed., March 3, 2021, 2:26 p.m.·4 min read
Back in the 16th century, French astrologer Nostradamus predicted that there would be a zombie apocalypse in the year 2021. And now that it's actually 2021, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention want to make sure you’re prepared…just in case.
The CDC recently updated the Zombie Preparedness section on its website — yes, this is a thing. While the section isn’t new — it originally launched back in 2011 — it does make for interesting timing given that it's been updated in the middle of a global pandemic that just so happens to be happening in the year of a predicted zombie apocalypse.
The CDC makes it clear online that this is a joke, albeit one with a serious message about the importance of disaster preparedness. "Wonder why zombies, zombie apocalypse, and zombie preparedness continue to live or walk dead on a CDC web site?" the landing page reads. "As it turns out, what first began as a tongue-in-cheek campaign to engage new audiences with preparedness messages has proven to be a very effective platform. We continue to reach and engage a wide variety of audiences on all hazards preparedness via 'zombie preparedness.'"
The CDC offers up lesson plans for teachers on zombie apocalypse preparedness, a downloadable poster that reads, "Get a Kit. Make a Plan. Be Prepared," next to a zombie’s face, and general information about disaster preparedness.
In one related but non-zombie section on preparedness, the CDC talks about the importance of having certain tools at home, like food, water and medical supplies to last for at least 72 hours, backup power sources, medical records and an emergency supply of prescription medicine.
But the CDC also ties advice back to zombies with a blog post that lists out exactly what you need to have stashed at home, in case of a zombie apocalypse — that could also help in the event of other disasters. In addition to one gallon of water per person per day, the CDC recommends having first-aid supplies available, noting, "although you’re a goner if a zombie bites you, you can use these supplies to treat basic cuts and lacerations that you might get during a tornado or hurricane."
The CDC did not respond to Yahoo Life's request for comment.
Disaster preparedness experts and doctors seem to think the campaign is pretty smart.
"I think it’s great," John Sellick, a professor in the Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo, tells Yahoo Life. "As we've seen with coronavirus, disaster preparedness is crucial."
FEMA-certified natural disaster preparedness instructor Cheryl Nelson, founder of Prepare with Cher, agrees. "I think this is brilliant," she tells Yahoo Life. "It is definitely an attention-getter and it makes preparing fun. The more creative ways we can get the preparedness message out, the better."
The CDC is simply "trying to make disaster preparedness relatable to different populations," Mitchel A. Rosen, an associate professor in the Department of Urban and Global Public Health at the Rutgers School of Public Health, tells Yahoo Life. And, he says, framing the topic around a zombie apocalypse "makes it fun to learn about disaster preparedness."
Lee Clarke, a sociology professor at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, tells Yahoo Life that, while zombie preparedness can seem "trite, trivial and amusing on the surface" he points out that "all the messages are there." "They just substitute 'zombie' for 'flood' or 'hurricane,'" he says. "Zombies are just more interesting, and it draws people in."
While the packaging is quirky, Sellick points out that the underlying message — to be prepared for the unexpected — is important, and incredibly relevant right now. "Bottled water, flour, disinfectant spray, toilet paper…a year ago, it didn’t matter how much money you had. You couldn’t get your hands on certain things," he says. "Having a stockpile at home could have helped carry some of us through. Clearly, most of us did not have adequate supplies of things."
Plenty of people have joked about a zombie apocalypse happening, but "2020 made something like that not seem so impossible anymore," Nelson says, adding, "It creates the mindset, 'Well, gosh. If a global pandemic happened, what's next — zombies?! Maybe I should prepare.'"
Even though the zombie apocalypse is unlikely to actually happen, Nelson says families should consider their own disaster preparedness plan. "Did you ever think a global pandemic would happen in our lifetime? Don’t you wish you had had a disaster prep kit with items like hand sanitizer, wipes, masks and the ever-so-necessary toilet paper when the pandemic hit?" she says. "Take a time out and prepare now. If you don’t want to prepare for yourself, prepare for your loved ones. Do it for them. They'll be thankful you did."
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Also, I point out that despite all of this hype, the Feds were completely negligent in their preparedness for the current pandemic. They were able to scramble and "catch-up" to some degree but it went from disaster to catastrophe to pandemic apocalypse over the year 2020. I hope the Feds put better disaster implementation in place before the next one occurs!
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OK so I have conducted a pretty standard GARCH (1,1) analysis on  the S&P 500 using the US volatility index return (VIX) as an independent variable in my mean equation. For my conditional variance independent variables I have used political electoral opinion polls volatility % daily change throughout the campaign and have left VIX out of it.
My goal is to find out whether political volatility is a significant explanatory factor within the SP500 volatility during election periods.
I have run the programme on STATA and am getting some weird results (see attatchment) including negative, large coefficients and large standard errors.
For the life of my I cannot see where I am going wrong?  Should I be running a different model? If so which one (BEKK, EGARCH, GARCHX)? Or are my results actually OK given that my alpha and beta parameters are sound and most of my P values are significant?
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Hi
I have almost similar model but I am suppose to apply garchx model. I don't know how to run it in stata. Can u help me
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Once the campaigning is over, the election is done and results are out, one of the competing parties goes on to win the election. Question is, whether the governance of the incumbent could be seen as an extension of their campaigning carried out during the election and if it is indeed the case then what about the party which loses the election? 
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Yes, the way one governance, particularly in African countries are largely based on their manifesto which they had promised to implement if elected. Since most of them want second term, they will always ensure that they fulfil on their pre-election pledges.
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1) I am looking at changes in people's perceptions after an informational campaign. Pre and post data are categorical with 5 levels (strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree etc..). I would usually do Wilcoxon test but it seems it is not unanimously advised?
2) The second stage would be looking at whether demographics (age , gender etc..) have affected how people changed their perceptions. Any suggestions on potential tests would be appreciated.
Many thanks in advance!
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haven’t used dummy variables but I‘ve seen that many online resources use them. It might be an option.
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I would like to try to make a list of the transformations of the elections, with examples of countries where they are located.
I have not find a site that makes a news of electoral reforms around the world.
These are the reforms that have happened and the reforms that are being considered. This may be both the digitisation of elections (electoral targeting, digital campaigning, etc.) and chandes in electoral law, such as Internet voting or reforms of voting systems.
Thanks in advance for your answers,
Thomas
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Hi,
take a look at this: https://reformaspoliticas.org/
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If there is a plasma-soluble agent, which is implicated in AD, so why we don't perform therapeutic Plasma Exchange as an add-on therapy? According to AMBAR study ( PMID: 32715623), this approach could slow functional and cognitive decline.
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According to what methodological assumptions should ethics principles shaping advertising activity on the Internet be developed?
Certain principles of the ethics of advertising on the Internet should be developed, recognized and applied by companies, internet technology concerns operating in advertising. The principles of ethics in the conduct of marketing activities, including the implementation of specific advertising campaigns, the creation of specific advertising instruments should be developed taking into account the expectations of consumers of the products and services advertised.
The application of ethics in advertising through online technology companies operating in advertising should lead to improvement of the standards of advertising campaigns carried out, including to improve the image of both advertising companies conducting specific advertising campaigns on the Internet and improving the image of other entities involved in marketing.
Therefore, also producers and service providers of advertised products and services may also notice an increase in financial revenues resulting from the increase in sales of the advertised offer in a situation where the receipt of advertisements, specific spots, films, banner ads will improve from the point of view of the costumers.
In addition, the principles of ethics in advertising should reduce the risk of producing advertising spots with banners and advertising films that will be negatively perceived by consumers that will contain content that is inappropriate, unethical, violating the principles of good taste, defined moral and social, cultural, etc. canons.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
According to what methodological assumptions should ethics principles shaping advertising activity on the Internet be developed?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Privacy... Antón, A. I., Earp, J. B., & Young, J. D. (2010). How internet users' privacy concerns have evolved since 2002. IEEE Security & Privacy, 8(1), 21-27.
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Hi there,
Please see the attached table for context. Please note that each year they were sampling new freshmen (i.e., not within-subjects longitudinal design).
So, the authors of a book I read were assessing the efficacy of a health campaign at their university designed to change perceived norms around alcohol consumption on campus. They provided the attached table and claimed the campaign to be successful based on, among other things:
  1. A 13.9% decrease from 1999 to 2003 in the percentage of students who thought their peers had 5+ drinks within the past two weeks (see 2nd row of table).
  2. A 15.3% decrease from 1999 to 2003 in the perceived number of drinks their peers had at a party (see 4th row of table).
In each case, I glean that they used the formula below to simply compare the year the campaign began (1999; V1) and the most-recent data (2003; V2).
(V2 - V1)/|V1| *100 = Percentage change
However, the authors did not conduct any inferential analyses, nor provide simple descriptive statistics necessary for me to do some kind of follow up analysis—including even the sample size, they simply said that “the undergraduate students took this survey each spring.” While I can look up enrollment for that year—I doubt every student took the survey.
When I plot these percent changes on a chart (also attached), they are trending downward, as expected. Since, in both cases, the x-axis is interval-level and the y-axis is ratio-level; I can fit a regression line to the charts, I can get R2 and r (i.e., the correlation). However, I don’t think that this is very helpful.
So, my question is:
With the data I have available, is there any way to examine whether or not this change over time is due to natural response variability from year to year, as compared to a statistically significant decrease in percentages?
When you have four time-points,1 comparing the first round of data collection with the very last seems too simplistic to conclude that it was the campaign itself, and not just random variation in students’ responses from year to year (or perhaps another factor), that accounted for this decrease.
1 The authors don’t even describe why data from 2002 is missing.
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However if n=4 data points I don't think there's much hope. In that case, Your graph is probably it. Best, D. Booth
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As you all know, this pandemic has taken a major toll on the entire global community. In some societies, people do abide by COVID protective measures. Yet, in other societies people are resistant (or do not want to abide).What sort of messaging and media material or campaigns would convince the public to abide by the measures? Let's please discuss this!
Ideas I have:
  • Campaign that shows the scary side of advanced COVID cases
  • Strict law enforcement, and making public displays of arresting those who do not abide by measures
What ideas do you have?
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Melissa Lux Try to evoke examples of individuals who are opposed to wearing masks, and who have changed their resistance after being infected with COVID-19 or one of their relatives.
But if he remains on his opposition, you should run!
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Dear all,
I am elaborating on my diploma thesis, which is devoted to factors that influence a success of projects on reward-based crowdfunding campaign.
The dependent variable is binary, i.e. equal to 1 if the project campaign successful and 0 if not.
Before that, I plan to use BMA framework (using bms package in R) to determine, which set of regressors should be included in the model. Afterwards, I will estimate logit as a robustness check.
N(# of projects)=2,870
My question is, which transformation of Y in order to gain normal distribution (which is vital for BMA application) would you recommend to use?
is it OK just to use this method?
y-mean(y)/ 2std.dev
Thank you very much for your help!
Tereza
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Hello, u can use zscore formula it is available in spss or r, in order to transform binary variables into standardized scores in condition that all variables have not the same value.
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What are the changes that must be done in social media campaign to hold customers in prevailing covid-19 situation?
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We have seen a number of brands coming up with Anti-Harassment campaigns. Is there any study on how well have they performed? Or do you have any insights based on personal observations?
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Nice Dear Dhani Shanker Chaubey
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I am doing a research in communication on social struggles and the coloniality of Gender: Gender politics in the 'Economic Emancipation Campaign"
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I think focusing on the history of the Gender politics and/or the coloniality of gender might be helpful. The question is timely, tough.
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Modern politics has witnessed the anvil of the dual concepts of political branding and political marketing which have played crucial roles in such political events like elections, specifically, the campaigning aspect of it. Question is, how they differ from each other? The difference ought to be highlighted with regard to the practical implications arising out of the two and not merely the theoretical one.
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Sigge Winther Nielsen (2016) defines the political brand as “Political representations situated in a pattern, which can be identified and differentiated from other political representations” (p. 71). Over time, the electorate attaches certain meanings to the names and electoral symbols of political parties, which allows them to differentiate and vote from one party to another in elections (Smith & French, 2009, p. 211).
The brand concept is a powerful and attractive tool for understanding political images. According to Margaret Scammell (2014), branding has the potential to unify the rational and emotional aspects of political behavior. The beauty of the brand (brand concept), says Scammell (2014) is “broad and inclusive; brings together the rational and the seemingly irrational, the hard and soft elements of voter choice, the important dimensions of political reputation and the seemingly trivial details of the appearance and tone of voice. In short, the brand concept is attractive because it has the potential to bring together perspectives from political science, economics-based approaches to political marketing and cultural analysis of modern politics”(p. 8). According to Gareth Smith and Alan French (2009), political brands can be understood as a complex with three distinct elements: “the party as a brand; the politician as his tangible characteristics; and politics as basic service offerings”(p. 212).
  1. Nielsen, S.W. (2016). Measuring political brands: An art and a science of mappingthe mind. Journal of Political Marketing, 15(1): 70-95. DOI: 10.1080/15377857.2014.959682.
  2. Scammell, M. (2014b). Politics and Image: The conceptual value of branding.Journal of Political Marketing, 14(1-2): 7-18.
  3. Smith, G., & French, A. (2009). The political brand: A consumer perspective. Marketing Theory, 9(2): 209-226. DOI: 10.1177/1470593109103068.
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Given:
I wonder: Is there a useful network structure, already available as a reference source, that interactively depicts relations among elements of Quantum Mechanics Theory?
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Thank you again for furthering this discussion with pertinent information,
Behnam Farid
! I appreciate your having provided a perspective and sense of direction that the project I have suggested might take. I confess that I really did not expect anybody simply to say: "Oh, HERE it is, Steve!". So you have been significantly instrumental in helping to "kick the ball" in the right direction. I hope that those with a greater vested interest in developing such a project than I have will consider doing the work necessary to bring it to fruition. :-)
There are other fields of interest that also might benefit from such an approach.
All best wishes, -Steve-
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For example:
adidas launched a new campaign.
vs
Adidas launched a new campaign.
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J. D. Wallace, thank you! I'll check them out - the articles look promising!
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For a class I'm preparing to teach, I'm looking for (estimated) data on the numbers of U.S. citizens who engage in political activities beyond voting, such as
1. volunteering in campaigns,
2. contributing to campaigns,
3. working as election officers at the polls on election day,
4. contacting legislators, and
5. commenting to agencies about proposed administrative rulemaking.
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Unfortunately, to get a real picture, it does get rather involved...
Not in any order.
1) You can contact individual campaigns (web sites) on participation (paid and volunteers) and donation information.
2) The different parties provide numbers for volunteers, staffs, etc. and donations.
3) The Federal Election Commission has numbers on reported donations.
4) The Poll volunteers would be from several sources, local and state election boards, as well as, individual parties for poll watchers.
5) The state election boards can also provide voting participation stats.
6) You also have to research PACs and specific issue oriented groups.
You do have to remember, small donations (don't recall the thresh hold amount) do not have to be individually recorded and can skew perceptions of what is actually going on.
And Lastly: https://uselectionatlas.org/ for actual election results which in reality, is the only participation poll that matters considering several groups have large numbers volunteering but have a low participation rate in voting.
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Hi,
I am a Social Work professor and I serve on the social action day event. I would like to engage my students in a campaign against Islamophobia, as a social justice issue.
I need some tips on how to start this campaign.
Your support will be much appreciated.
Best,
Wahiba
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Dear Ramzan,
Thank you so much for your suggestion. I truly appreciate you taking the time to address my questions.
Best regards
Wahiba
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As you doubtless know, the Illinois State Register of Springfield published a report from Ottawa on September 27 1858 indicating that HFD was supporting Lincoln, but it's not clear if that Democratic paper was misrepresenting HFD in order to make Lincoln look like an abolitionist.
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In 1858, HFD asked Lincoln and Lyman Trumbull to sign a petition to permit black men to testify in court. Both refused. I don't know if HFD made any other efforts to try to change the state's black laws, but he later complained about Lincoln's failure to oppose provisions against racial equality such as maintaining whites-only schools and keeping blacks out of Illinois. In "The Other Lincoln-Douglas Debate: The Race Issue in a Comparative Context," Matthew Norman provides a pretty good summary of HFD's direct and indirect relationship with Lincoln, although he takes the usual path of exaggerating the extent to which HFD and other radicals embraced Lincoln after the Emancipation Proclamation.
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In my opinion, digital marketing is currently developing faster compared to classic marketing. This is related to the development of new online media. In these new media, social media portals in which new marketing techniques have been developed have developed particularly dynamically in recent years. New types of spots, banners and advertising films are created primarily for the needs of their broadcasting on social media portals.
In these new online media, in such social media portals as: YouTube, Facebook, Tweeter, LinkedIn, Instagram, Google+, Pinterest, Snapchat and others, these advertising campaigns are developing particularly quickly, which are based on a viral marketin in which they engage socially users of these portals themselves. This type of advertising campaign does not have to be high-budget while being very effective.
The combination in an advertising campaign conducted on social media portals and based on viral marketing - low budget and high efficiency - can be achieved in the situation of creating innovative spots, banners and advertising films. These innovations include those that are actually advertising films, despite the fact that they are made in such a way that the users watching them think that they are not just advertisements, news, information films, interviews, presentations, etc., which are supposedly advertised are not. However, in the field of classic advertising instruments, i.e. those that operate outside of the Internet, in the recent years there have been comparatively many new marketing techniques in the field of digital marketing.
In view of the above, the current question is: What are the main determinants of the faster development of digital marketing techniques compared to classic marketing?
Please, answer, comments
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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ADAPTING TO THE TECHNOLOGICAL SHIFT
KNOWLEDGE UPGRADATION
PERIODIC TEAM ASSESSMENT
FOCUS ON RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)
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This is about Intellectual property rights awareness campaigns at universities by different organisations i.e National Intellectual Property Management Office (NIMPO) and The Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC).
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I would say that Nico Deconinck point of defining "the final target" is extremely important not just in terms of the intended purpose but as a metric for your study. If you do not know the length of the campaign how are you going to evaluate the overall performance?
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Are we wasting money for something that is impossible to measure properly?
Does the Nature has its own auto-regulatory mechanisms that make our efforts fruitless?
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somehow, I am not able to convince myself on the idea of global warming because of various reasons. Firstly, whenever we see a hot day or month or year, the general reaction in scientific fraternity is its warmest day in 100 years or so. what that mean is bascially there had been a hotter days in the past or before the industrial revolution ( we blame that for the global warming problem). secondly, the glaciar melt, half of the north ameriaca and europe were actually glacier which melted at least or before 1000 years ago when the industry never existed.
I believe that the change in weather is a natural not sure though. but i am not sure of relation between global warming and industrialization either.
what i am sure is, global warming is creating a lot of opportunities in research and helping the scientific research industry run.
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For this year's religious studies research symposium at Oxford we (Jennifer Garcia, Leah Butterfield, and I) submitted the following abstract (for which we were accepted to speak at the conference in December):
In the United States, the issue of immigration is a dominant topic of conversation. The Trump administration's policy changes have created a situation in which people from Muslim majority countries have been barred from entering the country, children have been separated from their parents, and families seeking asylum have been detained, potentially indefinitely. Individuals from the executive and legislative branches have cited parts of the Bible as moral justification (and in some cases moral requirements) for these policies and actions. This is part of a pattern of behavior by certain parties to utilize fear in order to push forward policy agendas while circumventing direct responsibility. This paper focuses on the historical and contemporary use of “walls”, both figurative and literal, to create and perpetuate a culture of fear in regards to immigrants. Literal walls include both human-made walls and natural barriers such as deserts and mountains. Figurative walls include laws, executive actions, and fear inducing and differentiating rhetoric. The idea of building a physical wall along the southern border was a linchpin of the Trump campaign, and continues to be a vital part of the administration’s rhetoric. There has been much debate among Christian communities about whether the building of said wall is in line with the teachings of the faith. Religious belief is often central to personal identity. Religious doctrine and language intended to induce fear can be highly activating. Fear often causes people to crave security, to keep “us” in and “others” out. This paper analyzes Biblical texts, religious doctrine, speech transcriptions (by both religious leaders and politicians), and policy language in order to shed light on the issue.
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good discussion
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I am currently contributing to the World Water Day and World Toilet Day campaigns and this data would help.
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Do you have data on communicable or other diseases linked to lack of access to water and sanitation in the workplace?
At workplaces not really, we don´t have communicable diseases (sometimes influence). But in my country we have rural areas without sanitation.
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You're welcome. I hope you find it helpful dear colleague.
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The social media is abuzz with a lot of action these days what with every organization worth its salt making its presence felt on social media. Question is, is the time ripe to claim that social media could very well help in gauging how effective the performance of a particular organization is? And could the same parameters be applied to political parties and leaders? Asking so because of late, social media has come to play an increasingly significant role in the build-up to the election during the campaigning phase.
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Yes, actually social media activities are also frequently used in political marketing practices. For example, Obama is one of the presidents who benefited most from this concept. During the campaign process, the on-line question and answer sections on the voters with Facebook made it possible for the voters to receive immediate answers to their questions, while the leader also identified the voter problems through face-to-face interviews and contributed to the effectiveness and efficiency of the promotion and advertising activities.
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I'm trying to calculate uplift from a marketing campaign.
I have a control group and treatment group.
Lets say that I have 10,000 customers in total.
In the control group, I received 20% response rate,average spend of $180 and total spend of $18,000 (180 x 500)
In the treatment group, I received 24% response rate, average spend of $250 and total spend of $570,000 (250 x 9500)
Normally, to get uplift I would calculate the total spend that all my 10,000 customers would have had without the campaign. In this case it would be:
10,000 x 20% x $180 = $360,000
I would them subtract this number from the total spend from the campaign:
( 575,000 + 18,000) - 360,000 = 233,000 uplift
But what if my spend data is very skewed. For example, the mean value for control group is $180 but the median is about $50.
Should I be using the median value instead of the mean value in the uplift calculation?
Similarly, what if the median is actually $0? Then I would not be able to calculate any uplift at all.
Thank you
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لا يمكن استخدام الوسيط بدلا من المتوسط الحسابي , لأنه قد يعكس قيم شاذة غير حقيقية تجعل النتائج متحيزة وغير دقيقة .
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I'm doing a doctoral thesis that relates traffic accidents with other risks that account for a similar number of fatal accidents, but that do not receive similar treatment by both the administration and the media. The study aims to analyze the impact that a similar campaign would have on the results of these accidents to that of road accidents. For this purpose, data will be collected on the quantity and characteristics of the publications made in the Spanish media on each type of accident.
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Multifactorial risks , the Global Burden of Disease database may give you some links
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Dissemination of the principles of sustainable pro-ecological development of the global economy through education and social campaigns in the mass media
The aim of promoting the principles of sustainable pro-ecological development of the global economy should be to educate the society, including the broadcasting of social campaigns in the mass media.
Perhaps thanks to this, the significance and strength of specific barriers to the principle of sustainable development of the global economy will gradually decrease.
In view of the above, the current question is: Should the principles of sustainable pro-ecological development through education and mass media be promoted?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to scientific cooperation
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Yes
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The problem of greenhouse gas emissions is still too little propagated in the media.
Still too few social campaigns are being undertaken to promote this particularly important topic in the context of the future of human existence on Earth in the 21st century.
In view of the above, the current question is: The role of the media in promoting sustainable pro-ecological development?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
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Following
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I have a project on obesity prevention campaign. this project is aimed to study the effectiveness of the campaign on the targets' knowledge on obesity and healthy lifestyle. hence, i would like to find the most suitable questionnaire that can be used for the pre and post test of the campaign. the target of the campaign will be female university students ranging from 18 to 24 years old.
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I would imagine that your education program for young adults will cover key points such as awareness of the role of physical activity, diet and nutrition in obesity prevention/treatment, and the health implications of obesity such as cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea and diabetes risks.
Further, since you have a young target audience, I would expect coverage of the intermediate process variables such as endurance for sports, recreation, work and study.
Therefore, I would document your key educational objectives and incorporate these into the pre/post-test, taking care to include plausible but incorrect answer items as part of the set.
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There is a great debate about the real possibility that a vaccine can caus autoimmune effects of clinical relevance. There is a theoretical framework, as well as experimental evidence and case reports that support this association. However, several epidemiological studies seem to deny it or suggest that the association is extremely low. Anti-vaccine organizations are exerting strong pressure to eliminate the use of this important preventive tool that has saved so many human and animal lives. Unhappily, the action of these groups is hindering (in my opinion) the study of this important topic. The demonstration of a possible association would give these groups elements to continue their campaign. Unfortunately, some editors od scientific journals and reviewers look with suspicion at valuable manuscripts that show or argue a possible positive association, and do not accept their publication, to avoid conflicts. I think this is an extremely important issue where there are still many aspects to investigate. Finally, the detection of factors that can promote the development of post-vaccinal autoimmunity can stimulate studies that allow its control or elimination (for example, the molecular mimicry between vaccine antigens and self-structures) and contribute to the development of safer vaccines.
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Dear Vanu
Certainly the problem of the live-attenuated vaccine is their limitation to be used in immunocompromised patients and pregnancy. This is one of the problems that need to be solved in vaccinology.
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Large amounts of information downloaded from comments, entries, posts from social media portals are processed in Big Data database systems to determine, for example, consumers' awareness of the offer of products and services of specific companies. This type of information is of great importance for the planning of advertising campaigns informing about the mission, idea, product offer, and the usability features of the company's offer. This type of data may be important for forecasting the changing preferences of consumers regarding the offer of specific companies.
In view of the above, I am asking you: To what extent the Big Data data sentiment analysis from social media portals can be used in forecasting the company's development?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
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Its been considered for a number of years that cave art did not begin in Europe. This is the first example found so far.
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The Dolos list (https://www.professeur-alexandre-georges.info/dolos-list) is a new list of predator magazines and publishers. It is a resource for researchers to avoid being scammed by these companies and for the general public to identify sources of false scientific information.
Anonymous reports
The Dolos list works well. Last week, nearly 40 predatory journals and publishers were added to the list by my team, based solely on reports.
If we propose to researchers to anonymously report the publishers they consider predators, it is because of the risks that a non-anonymous report represents. A reporting issuer would be exposed, if its contribution was public, to threats, pressure, harassment, and discrediting campaigns. Living this everyday, I can understand that other researchers do not want to expose themselves. Predatory publishing generates a lot of profit and, like any fraudulent business sector, it is capable of many pathetic actions to preserve its income.
Researchers who have already published in predatory journals
One thing that surprised me, however, is the extent to which the researchers who have published in these journals are determined to defend them. I do not think it's a matter of gratitude for publishing their article, but because they are afraid that criticism of these journals will hurt their work and therefore their reputation. This is quite understandable. But we must not forget that these researchers are the first victims of these companies. Many well-established researchers have already been fooled by predatory publishing and this does not make them incompetent researchers, just scam victims. It is unfortunate that quality papers are ignored because they are published in bad journals and this is one of the main reasons why it is necessary for predatory publishing to disappear and for the scientific publishing sector to maintain its rigor and seriousness.
Conclusion
I will continue to publish the Dolos list and I appreciate help from researchers who write to me. Although I do not process all reports, be sure that I read all your messages while my team is processing your requests.
Sincerely yours,
Alexandre.
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Hi,
A list of this kind is most needed and could be useful . We are exposed to too much confusion in the world of scientific publishing these days, and some guidance is always welcomed.
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Are there public databases available that collect atmospheric mixed layer profiles from different intensive observation campaigns around the world?
The campaigns I could already collect are BLLAST, GOAMAZON and HUMPPA. Are there any similar campaigns out there?
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Almost all data from NASA airborne field campaigns are public. An example here for the DISCOVER-AQ.
It will be a lot of stitching work, if you want to have a global view of such data sets; Certainly a great initiative. Most likely, need a multi-institutional effort.
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Since the Hollywood producer, Harvey Weinstein, was accused of sexual misconduct in early October 2017, similar allegations have been made against numerous other powerful people in different fields. Powerful people often believe that they can do whatever they like and get away with it. Let's discuss the positive impact of this movement on the society.
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Social change is rarely dramatic over short periods of time. More often, it is incremental, happening a little bit at a time. Sometimes it is generational, unfortunately.
The recent MeToo events certainly are helping change the public perception, and I think will prove to be an important step on the road.
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In the scope of my master thesis, I want to discover how campaigns and public awareness raising e.g. by NGOs can help to overcome bottlenecks in the development of a European seaweed Industry (mariculture). My idea was to visit different sites in the EU and I was curious where you see an interest in gathering information from different farming operators.
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Maybe you can come to Norway, there are several seaweed industries here. For instance, you can go Akvaplanniva in North of Norway or SES in Trondheim
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In spite of several campaigns and infinite awareness activities, water wastage is still an avid problem. In countries like India especially in its rural areas, this problem imposes a great threat.
Is it possible to retrieve information relevant to this from the satellite image data and use it to build a systematic surveillance system for this?
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If you are willing to pay the costs for high resolution imagery like Worldview or Ikonos repeatedly, it certainly is possible at an excruciating amount. With opensource image its really difficult because of the coarse resolution. You can try using Sentinel-2 which is 10m to may be monitor the drainage systems. But the problem is in the rural areas these are very narrow and would not even comprise a single pixel on certain occasions. The best would be to use UAVs for monitoring, it wouldn't require a very sophisticated sensor so you could manage your budget also.
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The time-limiting step in creating a meaningful synthetic gene is not the gene synthesis, it is the process of learning to understand and design the sequences including the appropriate control elements needed for proper regulated expression. Of course, faster and cheaper methods of synthesizing precise DNA sequences will facilitate the process - however, at 98 to 99% accuracy, the mutation rate is still far to large, these genes will all have to be clonally amplified, sequenced and any sequence errors corrected to produce a gene what is several 100 to 1000 nucleotides in length. To be able to use polymerases for template-free DNA synthesis is a technological advance, which may eventually make this particular step faster and cheaper. but it is not a game-changer.
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During the ‘Brexit’ campaign the British politician Michael Gove famously said that the “people in this country have had enough of experts”. Similar concerns have been voiced regarding the IPCC regarding climate change. On the other hand, it is clear that experts such as academics can have an important role in the public debate.
So this got me wondering:
(1) What different roles can an academic take in the public debate? What roles take academics in your country/field?
And related:
(2) What role should we take (are there any roles we should avoid/take more often)?
Thanks in advance for your answers!
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I actually lead an annual Executive Summit through Bradley University to which more than 50 prominent leaders from government, business and government gather to explore solutions to major problems facing the State of Illinois and the USA. In April 2018, the focus was on a new capital bill to invest in Illinois infrastructure. The last bill of 2009 was $30.8 billion.
My role in the summit is to work with a group of well respected business leaders and elected officials to help identify guests to be invited to ensure proper mix of backgrounds and interests. In 2009, the President of Illinois Summit the Honorable John Cullerton led the discussion with 56 other prominent attendees.
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Transliteration in business
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Dear Prof. Papakonstantinidis,
Thank you for your elaborated addition to the question.Transliteration, though it has negative effects, it could help trigger brand awareness in a multicultural society. If the same/previous campaign is transliterated in relevant cultural contexts, it could generate an enhanced response which could be sales booster to the companies.
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As seen the outcomes of awareness campaigns is below expectations. Why it happens so? Is it something beyond human touch campaigns? Does implementation of laws have any role? Kindly suggest.
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Awareness and adoption are corelated in adoption of new technologies and this is also true in case of sanitation campaign. Awareness should be done using various media such as radio, television, poster , drama etc
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This checklist is claimed (by the producers) to be adequate enough to evaluate/test persuasiveness of any health messages which is i think i can use for my study. However, i found no other researchers using this specific instrument. Hence, i require the validation of the instrument before i embark on my actual testing of the instrument in question.
How can i validate this instrument?
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I agree with Chukwuma. You can use a pilot study, and make necessary adjustments. However, I'm curious -- did the previous authors publish any peer-reviewed article in a journal using the survey item? If so, that might be an opening for you . . .
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Probably this will be the future. In the meantime we are overlooking very simple non taylored treatments that are less toxic and almost as effective that the sofisticated ones.
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Is that a true organ?
What do you think?
Your body is lined with a network of fluid-filled cavities that—until now—were unknown to science. The team that made that discovery thinks the cavities qualify as a new human organ, which they’ve dubbed the “interstitium,” Live Science reports. The new organ was spotted when researchers looked at live human tissue with a new imaging technique. Previous methods have mostly looked at tissue that’s dead and drained of fluid, so the cavities weren’t visible, the team reports in Scientific Reports.
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Dear Abdallah
The so called "intersticium" is a lymphatic dependent space with very little or no fluid inside it. It was known to anatomists for more than 200 years.
Discovery sometimes is not about discovering something new, but making a big fuzz about old things. Then it seems as a "new discovery".
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In recent times, desperate migration has become an object of international concern. Despite the stories of "modern day slavery" in Libya and death by the sea, many young African have continued to embark on this deadly mission. This therefore question the role of information campaigns in deterring irregular migrations. Can you share case studies where information campaigns have been applied to reduced desperate migration, and what are the impacts?
Thank you
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Dear Chinedu,
Since 1999, the Australian government has launched a series of anti-migrant smuggling awareness campaigns. These have been even more stern since 2012, following an increased number of “boat” arrivals. The campaigns aim to foreground the deadly consequences of migrant smuggling. For example, the 2012 “don‘t be sorry“ campaign targeted Afghan, Iraqi and Iranian diaspora communities in Australia. These campaigns are usually translated to the languages of the main arrival groups and are disseminated across the media.
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how to use classical conditioning when creating a mental health awareness compaign?
To: counselling psychologists or experimental psychologists
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What a fascinating question! I think the simplest ways would be (1) to show people with mental health problems being successful, in positive roles etc., and encouraging famous role models to be very open about their mental health difficulties as part of a campaign. The other possibility is to show postive outcomes of spending time talking aout mental health problems - not just for thoese with such problems, but for others too in terms of learning and being able to apply that knowledge in everyday life. Hope that helps!
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If you agree with constituting "ّFree Reviewing is Forbidden" campaign!!! Please write your comment and share it.
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Sorry, I do not agree with your slogan, 'Free reviewing is forbidden'. I consider reviewing as a part of my duty towards the scientific community.
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Neuroscience is a great support for human welll eing when it tracks neuroplasicity.b
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WHO’s first release of surveillance data on antibiotic resistance reveals high levels of resistance to a number of serious bacterial infections in both high- and low-income countries. Though efforts are underway, the condition is posing big challenge in the fight against infectious disease. How the scientific community and other relevant stakeholders could curb the problem.
Reflections on best experiences are appreciated,
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Antibacterial surveillance and clonal characteristics of resistance genes within your area are good tools for policy driven drug control. Effective monitoring and drug control will break the chain of spread of resistance genes vertically and horizontally among bacteria. Efforts are intensified at discovering newer antibiotics globally.
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Joan Robinson, an English economist in the Keynes tradition once said this. I think she meant that being out of the economic loop is worse than being exploited. What did she mean?
I do know of people who feel that the Western campaigns against exploitative corporate practices in the Third World are just a cover for protectionism.
So, is there a good and bad side to exploitations?
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Your question offers a false choice.
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Hi Eric,
Not sure if you saw this article supporting hydrogen-boron fusion but here is the link https://www.zmescience.com/science/hydrogen-boron-laser-fusion-15122017/?utm_source=ZME+Science+Newsletter&utm_campaign=24afa4b58f-RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_3b5aad2288-24afa4b58f-242577401&goal=0_3b5aad2288-24afa4b58f-242577401 . Let me know when you would like to present your findings at our next COFE. We have them each year in August.
Best wishes,
Tom Valone
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It is possible to have solid Boron-hidride?,
It would help us, the second of the reactors have a small cavity
[url=http://pulsotron.com/Shop.php]Reactor ring[/url]
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Validation Study Requirements for Campaign Production of Generic OSD Product?
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For cleaning validation you must manufacture at least 3 (maybe more) commercial size lots since you have to perform a statistical analysis (%RSD analysis at least). In essence you are demonstrating that your cleaning procedure is effective.
Once the final report is signed you have an ongoing monitoring program like measuring the conductivity or TOC of the rinse return water.
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The idea that Russia has the power to decide the outcome of American elections seems strange to me. I do not follow politics, but I listen to news channels from time to time. I got the impression that "Russia hunting" is part of the campaign against all those whose discourse is not in accordance with the narrative of the "free world". A young commentator informed us that "we" cannot tolerate discourses which "divide us and make us weaker". Hence, "we" must defend ourselves from such discourses. (And Russia produces such discourses.) This is how all totalitarian regimes speak. Have "we" developed such a regime, or at least such social psychology?
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Russia does not have the power to make Americans vote a certain way. Russians may have influenced some Americans to vote for Trump rather than Hillary by putting money into attack ads and hacking endeavors. But that influence can be freely resisted by Americans. I certainly didn't vote for Trump!
To think that Russia can control American politics is to buy into a totalitarian metanarrative which plays some sort of a psychological role for its stakeholders. I'm not exactly sure what that role is, as I'm not a psychologist.
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I am working on a PR campaign for a suicide prevention organization and assessing how best to reach groups at greater risk for suicide as well as those around them.
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