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CVS - Science topic

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Publications related to CVS (7,416)
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Article
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Clouds substantially affect Earth's energy budget by their interactions with short/long-wave radiation, and small changes in cloud vertical structure (CVS, i.e., the locations of cloud base and top, the thickness and number of cloud layers) can fluctuate the warming effects of anthropogenic forcing. However, the knowledge regarding how the CVS chan...
Article
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Background The discovery of circulating cell-free fetal DNA (cff-DNA) in maternal plasma has inspired the noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) approaches for various genetic fetal screening including rhesus D typing, sex determination, aneuploidies, and single-gene disorders. Objective Noninvasive determination of paternally inherited beta-thalasse...
Article
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Background Through the disease course, different prognostic factors have been addressed in patients with SLE admitted to intensive care unit. For instance, higher disease activity on admission, recent immunosuppressive therapy, infections, renal disease, and central nervous system involvement, all had negative effects on the outcome of the disease....
Article
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Sympathetic cues via the adrenergic signaling critically regulate bone homeostasis and contribute to neurostress-induced bone loss, but the mechanisms and therapeutics remain incompletely elucidated. Here, we reveal an osteoclastogenesis-centered functionally important osteopenic pathogenesis under sympatho-adrenergic activation with characterized...
Article
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Background Around 5.29% of the world population is suffering from ADHD, and 60 million people are suffering from CVS, with an increasing rate of prevalence of these disorders. This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of ADHD and CVS symptoms among the Bangladeshi population. Results To assess the aim of the study, a cross-sectional survey...
Article
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Background The reperfused human cadaver is a validated simulator for surgery. We aimed to use it as a colonoscopy simulator.Methods Novices, intermediates and skilled participants in gastrointestinal endoscopy were included. They performed one colonoscopy on a reperfused human cadaver and reaching rates, time, and length needed to reach anatomical...
Article
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The steady and stoichiometric delivery of metal-organic precursor mixtures is essential for the production of complex, functional nanomaterials in the gas phase. Chemical vapor synthesis (CVS) is a corresponding process which enables the production of complex oxide nanoparticles such as perovskites. While there exist a vast number of compositions t...
Article
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Purpose This preclinical study aimed to evaluate whether using transferred mosaic embryos (primarily selected by embryonic morphology assessment (EMA) and compared by the noninvasive preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (niPGT-A) on cell-free DNA in blastocoel fluid (BF)) increases the rates of clinical pregnancies (CPs) and healthy live...
Article
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In preparation for the NISAR mission soil moisture algorithm, this study performs the validation of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) ERA5-Land volumetric soil water (soil moisture) layer product with in-situ measurements from the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) core validation sites (CVS) for 2015 – 2021. The ERA5-L...
Article
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Throughout the COVID-19 crisis, everyone has observed many disruptions in the pharmaceutical supply chain. Indeed, this global and complex supply chain is vulnerable, especially when it must face a sudden rise in global demand. To adapt to the increasing demand and the numerous shortages, the United States White House has suggested several recommen...
Chapter
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Severely inflamed gallbladders due to acute or chronic infections are challenging to operate on laparoscopically. This is due to the difficulty of adequate ductal identification using the critical view of safety (CVS), which increases the risk of bile duct injury. The safer method would be to avoid dissection in the hepatocystic triangle and perfor...
Chapter
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The cardiovascular system (CVS) is made up of heart, blood vessels and blood. The fundamental function of the CVS is to transport substances to and from all parts of the body. The heart is the major pumping organ, pressurizing blood for circulation through the blood vessels and blood is propelled away from the heart in the arteries and returns to t...
Article
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Background and Aims Acute hepatic porphyria (AHP) presents with nausea and vomiting and can mimic cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). The prevalence of AHP in CVS and overlap in clinical symptomatology is not known. We thus sought to determine the prevalence of pathogenic variants for AHP and characterize symptom overlap between CVS and AHP. Methods W...
Article
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In this study, we present a sensorless, robust, and physiological tracking control method to drive the operational speed of implantable rotary blood pumps (IRBPs) for patients with heart failure (HF). The method used sensorless measurements of the pump flow to track the desired reference flow (Qr). A dynamical estimator model was used to estimate t...
Article
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Invasive plants efficiently colonize non-native territories, suggesting a great production of bioactive metabolites which could be effective antibiofilm weapons. Our study aimed to look for original molecules able to inhibit bispecies biofilm formed by S. aureus and C. albicans. Extracts from five invasive macrophytes (Ludwigia peploides, Ludwigia...
Article
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Every fifth individual with type 1 diabetes (T1D) suffers from an additional autoimmune disorder due to shared genetic factors and dysregulated immunity. Here we report an extremely rare case of T1D complicated with cyclic vomiting and hypoglycaemia. A 27-year-old Chinese woman with 14-year history of T1D was periodically hospitalized for severe vo...
Article
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Objective Patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may develop refractory arterial cerebral vasospasm (CVS), which is the leading cause of death in SAH patients. This study explored the clinical diagnostic value of serum miR‐195‐5p levels in CVS after SAH (SAH + CVS) and its relationship with the prognosis of SAH + CVS. Methods A to...
Article
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Background Surgical management of coexisting cardiac disease and extra‐cranial carotid artery disease is a controversial area of debate. Thus, in this challenging scenario, risk stratification may play a key role in surgical decision making. Aim To report the results of single‐stage coronary/valve surgery (CVS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA), an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Computer vision syndrome (CVS) can be described as ocular-related symptoms that result from prolonged exposure and use of computers, smartphones, tablets, and other devices with digital displays. The main objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of CVS among school-age children, the associated signs, risk factors, and t...
Article
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Time-varying caloric vestibular stimulation (tvCVS) is a new form of non-invasive neuromodulation similar to, but different from, diagnostic caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS). Using a non-invasive, solid-state delivery device, tvCVS has been successfully used in a human clinical trial with Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects. Additionally, the eff...
Chapter
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Pyridine-based ring systems are heterocycle-structured subunits that are being abundantly employed in drug design, primarily because of their tremendous effect on pharmacological activity, which has resulted in the discovery of various broad-spectrum medicinal compounds. Pyridine derivatives are employed to treat multiple medical illnesses, includi...
Article
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Pandemik Covid 19 memberikan dampak yang besar di berbagai aspek. Pola pembelajaran siswa maupun mahasiswa yang sebelumnya lebih didominasi aktifitas luring menjadi daring. Hal tersebut memberikan kebiasaan baru yang melekat pada perilaku para pelajar yaitu kebiasaan menggunakan computer ataupun smartphone yang mengakibatkan meningkatnya kasus Comp...
Article
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Noise and vibration are problems that are inherent in screw compressors and other Positive Displacement (PD)Machines. This problem is driven partly by the lobe passing frequencies inside these machines that are generated due to the meshing between the gate and main rotors teeth. Because these compressors are operated over a wide speed range and at...
Article
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Background Cerebrovascular stroke (CVS) is a potentially fatal disease. The most common risk factor for CVS is hypertension. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNAs) NEAT1, GAS5, and HOTAIR have previously been linked to a higher risk and development of cerebrovascular stroke. Aim Our study aim was to investigate whether the expression of these genes differed...
Preprint
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Objectives Explore health-care seeking behaviour among couples with pregnancies at-risk of monogenic disorders and compare time duration for obtaining Prenatal Genetic Test (PGT) results based on (i) amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) (ii) in-house testing and out-sourced testing. Report the spectrum of monogenic disorders in our coh...
Conference Paper
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Relevance. Cardiovascular diseases are increasing dramatically in young people and have a leading cause of death worldwide. Aim. The study aimed to assess the adaptive and compensatory mechanisms of the cardiovascular system and identify the most significant risk factors for cardiovascular disease development in young people. Materials and methods....
Article
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Background Preterm birth is defined as a syndrome that can be initiated via various mechanisms. During the past few decades, it has been an emerging health issue worldwide and thus, several actions to benefit public health have been undertaken to reduce its rate. Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) is one of the methods that are performed prognosticall...
Article
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Background Secondary prevention measures have strongly contributed to the reduction of incidence and mortality of cervical cancer (CC) identifying women at high risk of developing it. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the acceptability of a home-based self-sampling methodology for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing and the factors th...
Article
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Given the worldwide importance of Chinese culture, the present work revisited a questionnaire assessing individual differences in importance ratings of Chinese values and their associations with well-established personality traits in Western and Eastern populations. Three samples were recruited and completed German ( N = 813), English ( N = 404), a...
Article
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Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is associated with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The most frequently used form of rescue therapy for CVS is invasive endovascular therapy. Due to a lack of prospective data, we performed a prospective randomized multicenter trial (NCT01400360). A total of 34 patients in thre...
Article
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Objective. Analysis of ophthalmological and musculoskeletal changes secondary to the use of electronic devices with digital screen, such as smartphones, laptops, computers or tablets. Material and Methods. This paper represents is a prospective observational study of 35 participants with ages between 6 and 17. The ophthalmological exam was carried...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) refers to ocular symptoms which occur as a result of prolonged use of digital devices. Aims: The main objective was to understand the effects of continuous online classes due to the COVID-19 pandemic on the ocular health of medical students. Materials and Methods: This quantitative study used data from a su...
Article
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Introduction To avoid vasculobiliary injuries, the Critical View of Safety (CVS) technique is strongly recommended during dissection of the hepatocystic triangle. It entails three basic steps as follows: (1) complete clearance of the hepatocystic triangle of fibrofatty tissue, (2) separation of the lower part of the gallbladder from the cystic plat...
Article
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Sophisticated screening protocols for genetic abnormalities constitute an important component of current prenatal care, aiming to identify high-risk pregnancies and offer appropriate counseling to parents regarding their options. Definite prenatal diagnosis is only possible by invasive prenatal diagnostic testing (IPDT), mainly including amniocente...
Poster
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In 2018, leaders from the MinuteClinic and Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Institute (QSEN.org) began their academic-practice partnership journey to develop an innovative, evidence-based model to ensure that age-friendly practice is reliably delivered in the 1,100 MinuteClinics within CVS stores across...
Article
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We have read with great interest the study by Alatawi et al 1 titled "Self-Reported Student Awareness and Prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome During COVID-19 Pandemic at Al-Baha University". First, we congratulate Alatawi et al 1 for their study on the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) and totally agree with their outcomes and conclus...
Article
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GDP-Mannose Pyrophosphorylase B (GMPPB) is a key enzyme for glycosylation. Previous studies suggested a dysregulation of GMPBB and mannose in depression. Evidence, however, was sporadic and interventions to reverse these changes are unknown. Here, we show that GMPPB protein, but not RNA abundance is increased in the postmortem prefrontal cortex (PF...
Chapter
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Flavonoids are broad-spectrum secondary metabolites with cosmetics, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and medicinal applications. They play a crucial role in life span shortening complications, including diabetes, CVS disorder, and cancer. They are the secondary metabolites essential natural products due to their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antica...
Article
Full-text available
Computer Vision Syndrome is the complex of eye and vision problems related to near work which are experienced during or related to the computer use. CVS is characterized by visual symptoms which result from interaction with a computer display or its environment. It is caused by extensive use of computers which reduces the blinking rate of a person...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Surgical management of coexisting cardiac disease and extra-cranial carotid artery disease is a controversial area of debate. Thus, in this challenging scenario, risk stratification may play a key role in surgical decision making. Aim: To report the results of single stage coronary/valve surgery (CVS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA), a...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives Relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), aquaporin4 antibody-positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (AQP4-NMOSD) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease (MOGAD) may have overlapping clinical features. There is an unmet need for imaging markers that differentiate between them when...
Article
Full-text available
Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a predictor of poor outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Treatment strategies vary and include induced hypertension and invasive endovascular treatment. After the IMCVS trial (NCT01400360), which failed to demonstrate a benefit of endovascular treatment for cerebral vasospasm (CVS) and resulted...
Article
Full-text available
Trophoblast organoids (TOs) hold great promise for elucidating human placental development and function. By deriving TOs in ongoing pregnancies using chorionic villus sampling (CVS), we established a platform to study trophoblast differentiation and function in early pregnancy, including pregnancies with different fetal genetic abnormalities. We ad...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of vestibular stimulation on motor coordination in Parkinson’s disease (PD) induced mice. Methods: 18 healthy adult male Swiss albino mice were used in this study. Vestibule was stimulated by caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS). Pesticide Rotenone was used to induce Parkinson’s disease (P...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, an inquiry-based sequence was designed, developed and implemented using facets of flipped classroom and aspects of inquiry learning using the ADDIE model. The sequence intends to promote the students’ scientific literacy. The aim of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of specially designed inquiry-based online worksheets (e-WS...
Article
Full-text available
The study was designed to evaluate the pattern of computer vision syndrome disorders in young adults. All patients (n= 138, 74 males and 64 females) coming with complains of dry eyes, eye strain, burning eyes, redness, blurring and headache were included. These patients were aged between 18 to 35 years with at least 2 hours’ exposure to any type of...
Article
Full-text available
Background During the COVID-19 pandemic, online education and entertainment have increased significantly due to strict isolation and frequent lockdowns. This study intended to explore the prevalence and potential factors associated with computer vision syndrome (CVS) among the postsecondary students of Bangladesh pursuing online education.Methods I...
Article
Full-text available
Eyes have a unique position among all the sense organs. Primary importance has been given for the protection of eyes by ancient Indian scholar because without eyes whole world is full of darkness. With the advancement of science development of many electronic gadgets like computer mobile etc, which has been produce new diseases. Among those disease...
Article
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The fundamental purpose of this article is to review the human’s bosom buddy beagle dog as a pet animal, as an experimental animal model for basic research methodology, and other uses of this breed in various field. Main focus of this paper is to light up beagle dog anatomical and physiological resemblance to humans with brief idea about disease pa...
Article
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Introduction: Central vein catheterization (CVC) is one of the main risk factors for central vein stenosis (CVS) occurrence in the hemodialysis population. In this work we aimed to evaluate previous central venous manipulation, clinical presentation, and complications in hemodialysis patients with proved CVS. Material and Methods: We retrospectivel...
Preprint
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We argue that in the strong turbulence phase, as opposed to the weak one, the Clebsch variables compactify to the sphere $S_2$ and are not observable as wave excitations like weak turbulence. Various topologically nontrivial configurations of this confined Clebsch field are responsible for vortex sheets. Stability equations (CVS) for closed vortex...
Article
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Objectives:Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) represents the primary receptor for SARS-CoV-2 to enter endothelial cells, causing coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we investigate the association between circulating ACE2 levels with the severity of COVID-19. Methods:Serum ACE2 levels were measured in 144 COVID-19-positive sub...
Article
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Purpose To estimate the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) among university medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, after establishing remote learning during COVID-19 pandemic and to compare settings of electronic device usage and patterns of CVS protective measures applied by students before and during this pandemic. Methods This is a...
Article
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Background: We aimed to demonstrate whether the preoperative transthoracic echocardiography index (TTEI) could improve the predictive value of clinical parameters for cardiac valve surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CVS−AKI). Methods: A total of 213 patients who underwent surgical CVS at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were consecutively r...
Poster
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The preeclampsia is a multisystem pregnancy-specific disease. The incidences of preeclampsia (PE) are 5 to 14% of all pregnancies in the world, contributes to 18% of preterm birth, and 10%-27% of global maternal deaths worldwide, while severe PE can develop to about 25% of all cases of preeclampsia. The formally defined as new-onset hypertension wi...
Presentation
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The Age-Friendly Health Systems movement is led by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) with the aim of providing healthcare that is aligned with what matters most to the older adult. Becoming an IHI recognized Age-Friendly Health System Committed to Care Excellence entails reliably providing all older adults four evidence-based elements...
Article
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Despite the huge benefits of vaccination, vaccine uptake around the globe is surprisingly suboptimal in most places; explanations include vaccine hesitancy and increasingly well-organized anti-vaccine groups. In addition, WHO identified structural gaps in many countries for the delivery of vaccination services, specifically a lack of scientifically...
Article
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Background Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Endovascular treatment, including intraarterial infusion of drugs with vasodilation effects, and balloon- and stentriever angioplasty, are helpful but may achieve only short-term effects. There is a clinical...
Article
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The presence of areas with growth mold and their distribution in cheese matter are significant factors for blue cheese quality. Traditionally these parameters are evaluated by sensory profiling using experts' knowledge. Thus the assessment is subjective and performance time variate depends on current providing of experts services. Previous research...
Article
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The aim of our study was to compare computer visual syndrome (CVS) in a tweenager student population who use tablets and laptops only to play versus CVS in tweenagers who use these digital devices at school to study, in addition to playing. The tests performed were a validated survey for children for the detection of CVS and accommodative and verge...