Business Models - Science topic
A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value (economic, social, or other forms of value). The process of business model construction is part of business strategy.
Questions related to Business Models
I have a background in sustainable business model innovation / circular economy but have spent the last 5 years or so working on a project focused on airport noise management. I am looking to get up to speed on what I might have missed and I'm wondering what people think is the essential academic literature on these themes in the past 5 years or so.
Any advice much appreciated!
Blockchain is one of the most influential technologies of the last century, a century that has the potential to disrupt business models in a wide range of industries such as finance, supply chain management, logistics, business, value creation and basic tasks such as marketing, accounting. has it
Do you have experience on digitisation of urban energy system? If so, please leave some comments on below three questions. Many thanks!
- What are the limitations of digitisation of urban energy system in your projects, from aspects of data, coordination, capacity, finance, risks and so on.
- What are the feasible business models derived or based on digitisation of urban energy system in your projects?
- What are the main barriers for digitisation of urban energy system in your projects, and what are potential solutions?
Hi there, I am submitting my topic for my masters thesis next week and after lots of research I am interested in doing de-internationalization. I feel this is a relevant topic due to COVID-19 and Brexit. I am interested in doing qualitative research with a case study approach (either single/multiple).
The following are my potential research questions.
Benefits/downsides of de-internationalization?
What are the implications of de-internationalization on the firm’s business model?
Which parts of the firm’s business model are affected most, how and why by de-internationalization?
I am however struggling on what industry to investigate and I feel I need to find a scope on how to make it more concise as since it is only a masters thesis. Any suggestions/feedback would be great appreciated. Thanks!
i don't quite understand what difference there is between the term business logic and business model. Are they used synonymously? I know of only one source that says a business model is a business logic when the supply, value creation, marketing and revenue are aligned from a theoretical perspective. Accordingly, one speaks of supply logic, value creation logic, marketing logic and revenue logic.
Is this correct?
How does business model of a firm influence its organizational structure? Any pointers are highly appreciated. Thanks a lot.
Does the business model get defined based on the structure? I doubt it, but just checking for any exceptions.
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Business Intelligence?
What are the important topics in the field: Business Intelligence?
Business entity management processes are more and more often supported by computerized Business Intelligence platforms that facilitate multi-criteria analysis and reporting.
Probably in the future, the business analyst will be supported by artificial intelligence.
It would be a great advance in the field of automation and objectification of multi-criteria economic analyzes of business entities.
Complex, multi-criteria analyzes regarding the verification of large companies' operations require aggregation and analytical processing of large data sets in Big Data database systems.
However, in what direction will technological progress be realized in this field?
In the future, as part of the progressing computerization of analytical processes, it will be possible to implement artificial intelligence to the processes of analyzing large collections of information collected in Big Data database systems.
Apparently, we are now living in the era of the fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The previous three technological revolutions:
1. The industrial revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, determined mainly by the industrial application of the invention of a steam engine.
2. Electricity era of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century.
3. The IT revolution of the second half of the twentieth century determined by computerization, the widespread use of the Internet and the beginning of the development of robotization.
The current fourth technological revelation, known as Industry 4.0, is motivated by the development of the following factors:
- artificial intelligence,
- cloud computing,
- machine learning,
- Big Data database technologies,
- Internet of Things.
On the basis of the development of these IT instruments and technologies, business analytics of companies such as Business Intelligence and the above-mentioned areas have been dynamically developing in recent years.
In view of the above, I turn to you with the following question: In what direction will the current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, develop?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG
Some of the currently developing aspects and determinants of the applications of data processing technologies in Big Data database systems are described in the following publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Ethics and good practices in business?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Ethics and good practices in business.
I invite you to the discussion
Edupreneurship is the connection between digital education, teacher training and entrepreneurship. When teachers begin to develop their own educational practice with the mindset and methods of an entrepreneur, new forms of teaching will emerge. These teaching innovations will leave the classroom and lead to new educational products or business models, because entrepreneurs want to sell and disseminate their ideas. The education system is being renewed from within. Unfortunately, there are hardly any studies or concepts on edupreneurship. Can you help? I am looking for suggestions, projects or literature on this topic.
In which areas of economic activity, in which branches of the economy, what offer of products or services is currently offered in your country the most startups or other small companies, enterprises from the SME sector?
In my opinion, the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science are constantly growing, especially in the areas of technical sciences, biotechnology, energy, materials science, information technology, ecology, etc. and in the development of innovations, patents and inventions created in various fields of technology, technology, etc.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, the following question is valid:
Does the scope and possibilities of business cooperation with the world of science increase or decrease?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
I am currently investigating the topic of internet business models , in particular internet intermediaries. The details that i cam across so far are a bit outdated and i appreciate any direction to modern literature and also framework and models to shape outcomes in this area.
Dear Network, I am currently writing my master thesis on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on business model innovation. Watch the video for a brief summary of what to expect: http://tiny.cc/6zy9uz.
I am reaching out to you as I need your support! I am conducting a survey (language: English, German) for which I need participants. I am looking for people from top management, innovation and R&D managers or people who otherwise have an influence on their company's innovation activities. The survey will take max 10 min and I am eternally grateful, plus I will send you the results if you like. I hope you will help me to complete my thesis successfully.
Start SURVEY: http://tiny.cc/5zy9uz Thanks a million and best regards, Teresa Reidt
What research data is available/known (e.g. papers, surveys, simulations, data sets, etc.) on modelling a Business Enterprise finances (Microeconomics) based on mapping its Financial Elements (like Asset, Debt, Equity, Income, Expenses, etc.) to the concepts of natural laws of Physics (like Mass, Energy, Force, Momentum etc.)?
From the realm of strategic management - is it still the golden standard to analyze the indust using Porter’s 5 Forces, then using this to select a “generic strategy” I.e: cost-leadership strategy, differentiation strategy, or focus strategy? Or within today’s world of digital business models and blended markets, are there different ways of analyzing and then electing a corporate strategy?
Which biases / measuring errors do I have to address when doing a survey, where the independent & dependent variable is collected via the same questionnaire from one person?
I already addressed common method bias by integrating a marker variable.
In particular any other biases / measuring errors I can address when setting up the questionnaire (like the remedy for common method bias with the marker variable)
Many thanks in advance!!
What are your thoughts about the CE model and how has the adoption of this business model contributed positively or negatively to homes, firms or countries most especially during the pandemic.
Does the development of data processing technology in Big Data database systems and other technologies developed in the field of technological revolution Industry 4.0 generate new business management concepts?
At present, in the age of the technological revolution known as the 4.0 industry, new technology management or Internet-based companies are emerging.
The technological revolution in recent years, known as Industry 4.0, is motivated by the development of the following factors:
Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence.
Added to this is the development of data processing analytics in Business Intelligence enterprises, the development of life science technologies, biotechnology, eco-innovation, energy, medical intelligence, etc.
On the basis of the development of the new technological solutions mentioned in recent years, the processes of innovatively organized analyzes of large information collections gathered in Big Data database systems dynamically develop.
In the context of this problem, many questions arise:
What other technological improvements, innovative organizational, technical and IT solutions will be developed in the future based on the development of the above-mentioned factors?
What kinds of innovations will be able to be created in the coming years, in the future based on the integration of the above-mentioned main determinants of the development of the current technological revolution known as Industry 4.0?
What kind of new categories of added value may be created in the future if the above-mentioned technological solutions are more involved in the creation of biotechnological, ecological, product and other innovations.
Will new technologies be created in this way, with the help of which it will be possible to generate solutions to the problems of excessive exploitation of Earth resources in the process of civilization development?
Do business management processes play a particularly important role in the context of the effective functioning of business entities in currently developing economies based on knowledge, information and technology?
Is e-management a new concept of managing virtual enterprises or rather managing online technology companies?
Are new management concepts of innovative enterprises and start-ups based mainly on knowledge, information, entrepreneurship and creation of innovations?
Does the development of data processing technology in Big Data database systems and other technologies developed in the field of technological revolution Industry 4.0 generates the emergence of new business management concepts?
Please reply. I invite you to the discussion
Much has been said and written about microgrid, but there is still no clarity on what the business model and the legal framework that make them viable should be. Within this new scenario, what will be the role of distribution companies ?.
Certainly, we are in a technological, political and economic environment that demands innovative solutions. I would like to start a collaborative discussion on this subject, with the aim of sharing the views of researchers from different places in the world.
we are all aware of inefficiencies and waste (time, material, talent) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector. We also do know that we need to increase overall productivity and quality while reducing costs. But is it possible in the "status quo", using existing processes, materials and tools?
New technologies have demonstrated technical feasibility in R&D (both in Academia and Industry). Yet, there seems little demand from the market itself. How is that - are we lacking appropriate business model design, technology transfer capabilities or modes of open innovation?
Do we need entrepreneurship for these new technologies in construction?
Happy to hear your opinion!
Unethical practices in business constitute a negative aspect of business processes and often generate additional costs for contractors and consumers. On the other hand, the scale of the gray market in the national economy is often correlated with the level of fiscal burdens and the quality of legal regulations regarding the commencement of business activities.
The high share of shadow economy in various branches of the national economy is also lower income from taxes and fees to the central state budget and to local budgets of local government units.
High fiscal burdens and imprecisely formulated legal regulations regarding running a business activity apart from generating a high level of gray economy in the economy may also be a source of unethical practices used in business between contractors or between producers and suppliers of products and services and consumers.
The large scale of the shadow economy in the national economy and the applied unethical practices in business is one of the key factors in the imperfections of the country's economic system.
According to the above, the current question is: Does the scale of occurrence of unethical practices in business correlate with the size of the shadow economy in national economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
Business model development, government regulations, purchase based incentive policies are motivators of e-buses adoption.
However, the reality of implementation in Europe is different from that of South America. What would be the main influential variables?
I am researching about Product-as-a-service (PaaS) circular business models in the B2B as well as B2C context. Currently, I am still looking for companies that have successfully established the PaaS model in their business. So far, I only came across the well-known industry examples (e.g. Rolls-Royce, Philips, Michelin, Xerox, Ricoh, etc.) which are all from the B2B sector.
Do you know any companies in the B2C sector that have transformed from a linear product-selling business model to a PaaS model or companies (e.g. Start-Ups) that started their business based on the PaaS model? So far I only know some companies in the fashion industry (e.g. MUD Jeans or luxury renting services). In case you know more examples from other industries, please let me know.
In case you have other examples from the B2B sector in mind not mentioned above and which are interesting to investigate, please also reply to this post.
Thank you for your support!
Does technological innovation bring about the improvement of social productivity, and then there is corresponding business model innovation and management practice innovation? For example: due to the emergence of Internet technology, there are Internet enterprises with business models like Amazon and Alibaba. In other words, is technological innovation the key to solving problems and social development ？
By the mid-1990s, in consequence of the Information Revolution (ca. 1980–2000), the role of information and communication technology in organizations had grown to such an extent that one could already discern first-level impacts on organizational configuration, organizational culture, business strategy, management processes, work, and workplace. What might be second-level impacts on organizations (e.g., business models, creativity and innovation, psychological contracts) from the ongoing Digital Revolution (ca. 2000s–)? What implications might there be for the nature of organizing, the quest for the agile organization, leveraging information and communication technology for agility, and agility and leadership?
- Business Critical failure indicators CFI
Multinational organizations as well as SME or any type of business organization for that matter share the same principle which is succeed. However success is not usually the end result due to XXX factors either internal or external or else, they all have left the business opportunity to other competitors or any other reason of such.
Below is a small list i picked from the net about these companies that really got my attention because they all shared greatness in their days and completely got cast away afterwards:
Therefore, i would kindly solicit the help of anyone who thinks he has a close as possible answer (CFI's) that he/she could foresee before the their business ends up in a failure, what could be the possible way, approach or strategy that might help, and how to separate the right CFI from the wrong one.
Thank you in advance for your answers.
Currently, I'm trying to analyze one Chinese firm. For that my need to identify that company business model. This firm is not so much popular. so, right now the problem is my need to identify that company's business model but I don't know how to do it. My problem is:
1. How to identify or find out one company's business model?
2. What is the difference between business strategy and business model?
Please share your idea and recommendations with me.
LOW-COST EDUCATION FRAMEWORK BUSINESS MODEL & LEADERSHIP CHALLENGES(EDUCATION) WITHIN THE SECTOR
require your comments, how to improve, develop, design deliver this business model,
all feedbacks and positive comment with good opinion are welcome
SaaS product is an end to end marketing analytic system (web-application), providing B2B services. Company I’m working with uses a default monetisation model, which is subscription. In addition, this model is divided into different tariffs depending on the delivered number of features.
The question is:
How to calculate price for different tariffs? What can it depend on?
And how to calculate the value of each feature?
The analytics conducted on computerized Business Intelligence platforms is one of the key advanced information technology technologies of the fourth technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0.
The current technological revolution, known as Industry 4.0, is determined by the development of the following technologies of advanced information processing: Big Data database technologies, cloud computing, machine learning, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, Business Intelligence and other advanced data mining technologies.
The analytics conducted on computerized Business Intelligence platforms currently supports business management processes, facilitates identification of opportunities and threats to business development, allows for quick generation of analytical reports on selected issues in the economic and financial situation of the business entity.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What future applications of analytics will be developed on computerized Business Intelligence platforms?
I invite you to the discussion
The issues of the use of information contained in Big Data database systems for the purposes of conducting Business Intelligence analyzes are described in the publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
While analyzing my PLS Model on Industrial Internet of Things Platforms, the results suggest that the control variable "Price Fairness" has no effect on user loyalty. How would you interpret this finding? Is there a possible explanation I'm overlooking right now? Or would it be better to just report this finding without an interpretation due to the fact that the results object to my hypothesis?
Looking forward to reading your replies.
Plan-driven and agile methodologies have different prescriptions for software development. What are the advantages and drawbacks of combining these seemingly incompatible approaches in software development projects?
Internet technology companies that created and developed social media portals have built their business model on specific forms of online marketing.
One of these forms is online viral marketing. In this form of marketing there is still a lot of potential.
However, in the future, the rate of dynamic development of these portals based on marketing activities may significantly decrease.
As a result, the companies that run these portals expand the offer of their information and marketing services.
One of the forms of expanding the activities of these technology companies is, for example, the development of additional services and development towards fin tech.
In view of the above, the current question is: Is online viral marketing the main determinant of the dynamic development of social media portals?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
I am conducting a research on sustainable business. I would be interested in suggestions of literature review and case studies (best practices) in sustainability and business models. Thanks in advance.
e.g. of Service Model are IaaS, PaaS, SaaS.
what are the main relevant examples for Cloud Business Models?
What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Good governance in business?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Good governance in business.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Hey, guys, I hope you are feeling well these days,
Actually I am going to respond to 2 questions in the field of Business Model, and I would genuinely appreciate if someone could guide me.
1)What are the characteristics of alternative business models in digital ecosystems?
2) Which factors facilitate their development as firms reshape themselves in the face of sudden crisis?
It is worth noting that I am looking for a specific category of each: For instance, 1)DIGITALIZATION
would a circular supply chain (i.e. PaaS) business model for steel bring benefit to the oil and gas business?
I am researching the role of dynamic capabilities in business model innovations. It is a quantitative study and I need help with a sample questionnaire that could serve as a guide
I am looking for close conferences related to business models, sharing/circular economy, and strategic management?
Do you have any suggestions?
I am now conducting a research on municipal waste management especially on waste-to-energy. I would like to discuss about the typical business model of WtE in the world.
1. What are major revenue streams? Tipping fee only, or tipping fee + electricity; typically how is the percentage?
2. Is the electricity production from WtE committed on contractual basis (PPA)?
Even though there is a lot of hype around smart agriculture still there is no profitable business model and it is difficult to find customers who are ready to pay without Government subsidy programs. What is your view? What are the best use cases with profitable business model.
I want to carry out full-fledged research on elastic logistics and need to understand in detail about it with various information like, how is logistics made elastic? what is the business model? , etc.
I am currently doing my MBA dissertation on Coopetition within the Public sector.
Appreciate your expertise and opinion on how can Coopetition in the Public sector be successful and what are the main strategies to help it succeed (game theory, design thinking, innovation...etc). Coopetition is hands on in the Private sector and have been successful for years but not fully within the Public sector.
How can coopetition help governments be more Customer-centric?
When competitive advantage was proposed it was a revolutionary concept and was immediately absorbed by the private industry (led by large multi-nationals) as a strategy to acquire market-share, and mind-share of customers. It was very successful till the companies were focussed at manufacturing (industrial production) but as the companies started moving towards service based business models, customers became more-demanding, and business more driven to create new markets, reduce assets and their prices, offer higher value-added services, etc.; the focus has now shifted to developing collaborations. Companies that do not collaborate are not only finding difficult to retain their shares of mind and market but also will soon be fighting for existence.
Collaboration is key to success now, beating competition is no longer the driver of business ethos.Can we propose that collaboration as a strategy is now more relevant than competition?
I've got the question regarding the pricing process for a new business model. Does a firm determine the pricing strategy before defining the revenue model? An example: A firm wants to introduce a new business model using a new pricing strategy and a new revenue model: Would this firm firstly define that the pricing strategy ( e.g. cost-based pricing strategy) and then define the revenue model type. Alternatively, would it first define the revenue model (e.g. pay per use) and then determine the pricing strategy?
I am currently investigating the business model Product as a Service in the industrial sector (B2B) and would like to exchange experiences and knowledge. According to my initial research, there are hardly any papers on this topic so far. I am particularly interested in difficulties in pricing the business model. Are you aware of any research?
I am currently investigating a new business model with the help of expert interviews within the framework of a qualitative study. My plan is to discuss problems of the business model with the managers of the companies in the expert interviews, so it will be an exploratory study. I have come across a variety of methods and am currently unsure which method is best suited. My goal is to formulate hypotheses about the problems of the business model from the interviews. The following methods are currently available:
1) Case Study Research 2) Qualitative Content Analysis 3) Grounded Theory
Do you know of any good book or somethingelse that explain which approach is best for which case?
Many thanks in advance
I would like to focus my master thesis on digitalisation and business models and struggle on how to find a good research gap. My research topic will be digitalisation and its affect on business model innovation. I am thinking to focusing on only one industry ( maybe automotive) at the moment but this can be changed while I doing literature review. Moreover, the whole topic is still rather vague and I am searching for an interesting currently under researched field.
Any suggestions? Would much appreciate it!
I want to learn more about Digital Transformation and its impact on Business model, strategy, marketing, agility and ... .I want to apply for online course at universities; is there any university that accept students in this field?
please help me.
Cooking processes can be represented as Workflows. The characteristics, attributes, representation and visualization of a cooking recipe is similar to a Business process. Is there any research work which focuses on the applicability of BPM into cooking domain?
Though the nine elements have been captured but they have been condensed into four broad element thus feasibility, viability, adaptability and desirability. I picked it up from strategyzer.com
but I need a research article or a book to justify it.
The concept of sustainable business models contains a paradox, because sustainability involves the reduction of information asymmetries, whereas entrepreneurship involves enhanced and secured levels of information asymmetries. I have written an article on this topic (see attachment) but I would like to discuss this issue with others to learn other viewpoints, solutions and strategies. all feedback is welcome
I am looking for a model how to differentiate between different business models. More precisely, I compare different industrial business models such as performance contracting and full service contracting. I already know some models like the Morphological Box, but I haven't found the right approach yet. In addition, I am considering whether it is a good approach to compare business models across dimensions (e.g. resource structure, transactive structure and value structure).
PS: Business model canvas is not an option for me
Thanks in advance
I am analysing a number of agricultural and industrial value chains with the purpose of identifying gaps and opportunities to facilitate the development of new business models and business activities for circular economy and sustainable development.
Are you aware of practical tools able to support "circular" and "sustainable" value chain analysis?
I have identified a few that could be useful but I would like to receive your suggestions.
All the best,
The rate of economic growth varies from country to country.
In developing countries it is usually faster than in developed countries, but despite this new economic goods no more is created.
Usually lower economic growth in richer, developed countries generates more new economic goods or a greater range of value added than in developing countries.
However, in order to develop economic growth in a longer, long-term period, economic growth should take place for many years, but it does not necessarily have to have high value.
According to the concept of the new, green economy, in the future the pace of economic growth does not have to be high to ensure sustainable pro-ecological economic development in the long term.
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
I am trying to find / establisch a link between Service Business Development (SBD) and Entrepreneurial Ecosystem (EE).
In my researsch i want to prove that the EE take place under a SBD strategy or following Business Model to develop regions or cities.
i would be more than happy to read your thoughts and ideas.
This is my main Thesis topic and I aimed to investigate the industry 4.0 roadmap for digital transformation in manufacturing process and business model in general, that will enable organizations a step-wise approach toward implementation and deployment. While the achievement criterial performances of the I4.0 is elusive and digital transformation strategy is missing, the structural and implementation roadmap remain unclear. Although Reference Architecture Model for Industry 4.0 (RAMI4.0) have been proposed, but managements are still faced with challenges both logistically and implementation.
How do Business Intelligence (BI) and Big Data (Business) Analytics (BDA) contribute towards designing Strategic Performance Management Framework?
Kindly share your comments, thinking and any relevant research on it. Thanks in advance.
In the literature digital solutions and business models like AirBnB or Uber are called frugal, because they are cheap, simple, customer oriented and don´t spend ressources.
What is your opinion?
Do all of the six criteria have to be applied for upcoming innovations to be called "frugal"? How to classify new products or Solutions if you don´t know f. e. the price?
We are about to conduct a survey based study for our project on digitaliazation and business model innovation. As most studies in the area of digitalization are very technical and stem from an information systems context, operationalization of relevant constructs is not straightforward. To get an initial idea about what was measured in this context before, we would be very interested in your experiences in measuring digitalization across various domains (e.g. Marketing, Management, Information Systems etc.). Which empirical studies exist? Which constructs were previously measured? Which additional constructs surround this area and should be incorporated in the survey?
I have to do a feasibility study for an innovative model to add value to livestock in the lowlands of Ethiopia. The model, called Livestock Business Hub (LBH), is composed by a modular slaughterhouse (modular means that it will start small, with an unit of 40-50 shoats a day, with the possibility of increasing its capacity by adding additional modules if the demand of products in the market will grow) and a cottage industry for skins, bones and other by-products transformation. It will be designed considering the circular economy approach, where all the outputs will be either final products or inputs for other products (E.g. digesta and dung can be utilized to produce energy for a bio-digester and to produce fertilizer; the fertilizer can be used to grow fodder to fatten the animals before the slaughtering etc).
Before implementing some pilots we will do a comprehensive research to evaluate the cultural, economic and environmental suitability of the LBH in the lowlands of Ethiopia.
Therefore I am looking for any data, feasibility study, environmental assessment, managerial structure, business model and business plan for slaughterhouses and cottage industries in developing countries. Better if in Africa in a pastoral context, but different contexts can be helpful as well. Mobile abattoirs will also be interesting to me. Thanks in advance
One of the most important parts of my project is the recognition of other countries' successful logistics experiences. In this regard, one of the most important issues is the achievement of reference models and business processes for logistics and transportation. The process flow diagrams are in the form of BPMN standards. Can you guide me in this regard?
The general public relies increasingly on mobile applications for day-to-day services. Beyond sharing data sets, it is more and more important for agencies such as the Asian Development Bank, USAID, the World Bank, etc. to satisfy the communications needs of their clients, audiences, and partners (not to mention those of their own employees) by the same means. Across the project cycle, meaning, the various stages from country programming to project completion and evaluation, where might there be opportunities for cheap, effective, and low-maintenance mobile applications à la "build-once, deploy-anywhere"?
I'm trying to write an article about reverse vending machines systems. I would like to deepen the study with statistics and international comparisons or reports. Does anyone have any materials in this topic? For example, in which countries these machines operate, what is their business model, who manages them, and some quantitative data. Articles, reports, statistics etc. It is very hard for me to find worth and interesting documents.