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Business Ethics - Science topic

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It is well-known that universities are now able to benefit extensively from the collection of the increasing volumes of student information, for example, to better know the students and to enhance student success and academic performance (thus, reducing significantly the drop-out rates), by means of investing more and more in Big Data projects. BUT: What about the “privacy of personal information” and the way this information can and should be used for the betterment of the students?
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They are also using big data to target perspective on campus students. Once they know a student is potentially interested in attending, they can delve into their test scores, high school academic history, and other information to determine if a student is likely to succeed.
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In order to start a scientific career it is necessary to be involved in research projects and publications. How's that possible for an undergraduate student doing a masters degree in Business Ethics & Responsible Management planning on doing a PhD abroad? Unfortunately, I didn't have much access to information through my university so far.
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The best way always in this regard: "Read, Read, and Read".
To check for a good topic to read about, I suggest you do the following:
1. Choose a number of peer-reviewed research papers related to, say, business ethics, from Google Scholar or similar websites, not from any other source such as Google, etc.
2. Read these research papers and check for the research gaps from within such research. You may find these gaps under the subtitle, Future Research or similar subtitles.
3. Make sure that such gaps are not covered by recent research. That is, for the gap that you want to cover, read to the last current research in this regard to make sure that no other author(s) already conducted such research.
4. Then, go ahead and start preparing for your research, preferably using the Literature Review Matrix where you put a table showing authors, title, objectives, problem statement, variables, methodologies used, findings, etc. for each research paper selected. By the way, you may want to keep such relevant research papers to use them as references in your research.
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I am busy with my doctoral studies about the above topic. For my studies I need to interview people with knowledge about the sharing economy. I am looking for suggestions about where to find people. The interview will take about 30-45 minutes and people need to complete a short questionnaire.
Thank you
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Dear Johann Pieterse,
The questionnaire to be completed by people interested in these doctoral studies, i.e. related to the research conducted on the issues of business ethics in the sharing economy, can be posted on the Internet. You can then submit a request for this questionnaire on the Research Gate website and other internet portals. The request should encourage people interested in undertaking doctoral studies in the field of business ethics in the sharing economy to complete this questionnaire. I think there will be people willing to participate in these doctoral studies, because the issues are interesting and developmental.
Best regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Ethics and good practices in business?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Ethics and good practices in business.
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Best wishes
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Dear Raya Al-Naimi,
Yes, that's right. Ethics is a set of rules, written or unwritten, that can be of significant importance to consumers of products and services. If this is the case, then producers, service providers, traders take these issues into account in running their enterprises, companies, etc.
Thank you, Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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The improvement of specific risk management systems is particularly important in many areas of functioning of commercial business entities, financial institutions, public institutions as well as conducting investment, research and other projects.
How important is this is, for example, the global financial crisis that appeared in mid-September 2008, when specific financial, investment and credit risk management systems were not properly improved and the procedures of investment activity, including credit, were not carried out reliably, as well as customer service, and violation of business ethics in investment banks operating at the time and many other types of financial institutions and business entities.
please reply
Dear Colleagues and Friends from RG
The key aspects and determinants of applications of data processing technologies in Big Data database systems are described in the following publications:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dear Milan B. Vemić,
Thanks for the information on the webinar on big data collected on Big Data platforms and the processing of information collected in Big Data database systems. Thanks for the link to the YouTube video that addresses this issue.
Thank you very much,
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Dear Reader(s),
I wish to collect data from frontline workers in hospitals. Each time I read a published paper on the hospital industry, it includes an approval number for human participation.
I too working on an idea that will require me to collect data from frontline doctors and that's quite obvious that during the submission process in a journal, the journal will require me to submit an ethics statement. Therefore, kindly share your understanding of this query and guide me to deal with this matter.
Note: My participants belong to Pakistan's public and private hospitals and the study relies on a questionnaire survey (quantitative/time-lagged cross-sectional). Besides, no personal information will be revealed to anyone.
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It is mandatory to collect the Ethical Approval letter from your Institution before starting the data collection from the Physicians.
The same Ethical Clearance letter or Ethical sanction letter from the respective academic institutions or any Government offices are concerned about the cross-sectional survey jurisdiction.
This will help when go for publication.
The Editor used to ask this Ethical Approval letter along with your manuscript.
There are many formalities while you want to approach on Publications. Especially funding, Conflict of Interest or Competing Interest, Ethical Approval letter etc have to be submitted to the Editor.
You will be safe if you will submit Ethical issues certificate as well as to protect you if any questions raised by the third parties.
Mostly researchers who are publishing in Scopus Indexed Journals, Web of Science Journals are strictly following these procedures.
Hope you will get more answers from the RG users.
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The Principles of the GRI are:
Reporting Principles for defining report content
Stakeholder Inclusiveness
Sustainability Context
Materiality
Completeness
Reporting Principles for defining report quality
Accuracy
Balance
Clarity
Comparability
Reliability
Timeliness
They were created to help companies raise the quality of their non-financial reporting/sustainability reporting. Are there studies which use them or proxies related to them to measure the quality of the non-financial reporting/sustainability reporting in a qualitative and/or quantitative way?
Source for the GRI Principles
GRI 101: Foundation
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I quantitatively used it by analyzing the content of annual reports to determine the level of sustainability disclosure
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this is in regards to business ethics
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Not only is this possible but it is a moral responsibility. Business leaders, like all leaders, are role models. In their day-to-day activities, business leaders lay the foundation for the ethical culture of the organization. It does not end there, however. There is a ripple effect in that it thereby influences broader communities and society in general as well. Generally speaking, the larger the organization, the more impactful the business is on society.
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It is natural that employees can have emotional effort as well as physical and cognitive effort. Emotional labor—the effort required to manage one's feelings or emotions at work—plays a significant part in many occupations.
Employees’ emotional efforts that are in harmony with business ethics can be defined as emotional labor. Evaluating emotional labor based on business ethics seeks to enable managers to reduce the negative consequences of emotional labor while preserving the positive ones.
Surface acting does not involve real feelings. It depends on fake emotional presentations. Therefore, surface acting can be evaluated as unethical emotional efforts. As a result, these fake emotional presentations can not be accepted as emotional labor.
Öngöre's findings (2019, 2020) showed that natural emotions do not cause emotional exhaustion (burnout), while surface acting causes emotional exhaustion. Meanwhile, natural feelings causes vigor and dedication (work engagement).
References:
Öngöre, Ö. (2016). A theoretical study about the place and value of emotional labor in working life, Atatürk University Journal of Economics & Administrative Sciences, 30(5), 1161-1177.
Öngöre, Ö. (2019). Determining the Effect of Emotional Labor on Work Engagement: Service-Sector Employees in Private Enterprises. Turkish Journal of Business Ethics, 12(1), 126-134.
Öngöre, Ö. (2020). Evaluating emotional labor: A new approach. Global Business and Organizational Excellence, 39, (4):35–44.
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Burçak Hanım yolun başında genç bir araştırmacı olduğunuzu varsayıyorum. Size tavsiyem bu tartışma başlığının ekindeki makalelerimi okumanız. Teşekkürler.
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How did tobacco and soda companies employ Corporate Social Responsibility? In these industries, has CSR become a greenwashing tool?
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Hello,
Thank you very much for reading recommendations!
Tatiana Garanina The findings of the study by Cai, Jo and Pan (2012) are interesting. Controversial industry managers in the United States regard CSR as important, even though they know their products are unhealthy.
Agostino Vollero I did not know your work. Yesterday I read your research and I will definitely cite it in my next works. Table 1 is very interesting! The research findings have theoretical and managerial implications.
Sudip Debkuumar I agree with you. Political interests must not come before social interests. These sectors are harmful to people's health.
Thank you Junghoon Park . I will check out the list of papers you suggested to me.
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According to what methodological assumptions should ethics principles shaping advertising activity on the Internet be developed?
Certain principles of the ethics of advertising on the Internet should be developed, recognized and applied by companies, internet technology concerns operating in advertising. The principles of ethics in the conduct of marketing activities, including the implementation of specific advertising campaigns, the creation of specific advertising instruments should be developed taking into account the expectations of consumers of the products and services advertised.
The application of ethics in advertising through online technology companies operating in advertising should lead to improvement of the standards of advertising campaigns carried out, including to improve the image of both advertising companies conducting specific advertising campaigns on the Internet and improving the image of other entities involved in marketing.
Therefore, also producers and service providers of advertised products and services may also notice an increase in financial revenues resulting from the increase in sales of the advertised offer in a situation where the receipt of advertisements, specific spots, films, banner ads will improve from the point of view of the costumers.
In addition, the principles of ethics in advertising should reduce the risk of producing advertising spots with banners and advertising films that will be negatively perceived by consumers that will contain content that is inappropriate, unethical, violating the principles of good taste, defined moral and social, cultural, etc. canons.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
According to what methodological assumptions should ethics principles shaping advertising activity on the Internet be developed?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Privacy... Antón, A. I., Earp, J. B., & Young, J. D. (2010). How internet users' privacy concerns have evolved since 2002. IEEE Security & Privacy, 8(1), 21-27.
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Researchers know that titles in Web of Science/Scopus indexed and/or listed in ABDC/ABS ranking ensures minimum standard for quality. But even top journals are subject to concern/suppression in the JCR reports whenever wrong practices, excessive self-citation etc. are followed (Ex. Journal of Business Ethics, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity etc.)
As young researcher/academic what additional parameters (not any metrics)be considered or suggestions before submitting manuscripts to journals ?
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Dear Arjun R for a young researcher / academic it s certainly not easy to judge the quality of a journal. I always urge my students to regularly read a good number of journals in our field to get an idea about the quality of the articles published in these journals. Reading articles yourself is the most important requirement for becoming an expert in your field. When it come to choosing a journal to publish your own work my advice would be to always adhere to established publishers like Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, Taylor & Francis etc. That way you can avoid stepping into the traps of predatory journals which are only interested in your money. In contrast, most of the journals published by respected publishers do not ask for publication fees or articles processing charges etc. Always choose a journal with an impact factor so that your paper will be read worldwide and eventually cited by other researchers.
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I believe the statement: "Controlling greed in the face of unrestricted profit opportunities" as a definition for Business Ethics was attributed to Peter Drucker.
I was recently reading about the two men (brothers) in Tennesee in the USA who stockpiled over 17,000 hand sanitizers, accused of price gouging and how they were 'forced' to donate them.
Is it possible to be a successful wealthy capitalist without being greedy? Can I become a billionaire without greed? In the words of Gorden Gecko: "Greed is good". Is it?
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Also controlling the negative impact on environment in the face of profit opportunities
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Have the procedures for the development of reports and recommendations by the rating agencies already been improved compared to the situation before the global financial crisis of 2008?
Are the reports and recommendations issued by the rating agencies more honestly developed, in accordance with the principles of business ethics, have the procedures for their development and the objective information policy been improved and still function as before the global financial crisis of 2008?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Credit rating agencies have come under increased scrutiny since the financial crisis. Their failure to recognise the threats to the financial system prior to the crisis coupled with their steady downgrading of European sovereign debt has led to much criticism, especially from European politicians and economists.... This examines the major agencies' influence, independence and performance and explores whether a publicly funded European agency would improve the situation... Tichy, G., Lannoo, K., Ap Gwilym, O., Alsakka, R., Masciandaro, D., & Paudyn, B. (2011). Credit rating agencies: Part of the solution or part of the problem?. Intereconomics, 46(5), 232-262.
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Dear all,
I would like to ask the following question and to have your feedback:
What are the moral qualities of a teacher?
Why is it important to teach values? Many thanks for your attention
Antonio Russo
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It is more important than ever before to teach ethics and values with emphasis on humanitarian and humanistic values. Not only has the world's population skyrocketed to billions of human beings, at the same time and with equal intensity, the demographics have diversified significantly. Given that the word "ethics" is etymologically rooted in the concept of "ethos," any approach to a discussion of ethics necessarily ought to take into account ethnicity, both as an insular concept pertaining to minority groups in a specific geographical location, and also as a globalized concept that encompasses all of the countless nations on the face of our Earth.
In view of the rapidity with which "difference" outpaces "sameness" in the world today, at some point in the educational process, each and every student ought to receive formal instruction and training in order to be prepared to meet the challenges presented by the demands of diversity, whether in day-to-day living or in interaction across national, linguistic, social, economic, religious, political, and other visible and palpable boundaries.
Ethical values pertain specifically to how to interact with our fellow human beings, at home, in the neighborhood, in our different community affiliations, in our town or city, precinct, prefecture, county, province, state, nation, and region. Each of these geophysical and geopolitical classifications has its own distinctive "ethos" and "collective ethos." The basis of teaching ethics is actually the place we call "home." Our first experience with ethics is in the home, i.e., what is the proper conduct of husband and wife, parents and children, family and neighbors?
By the time a child is ready to participate in a classroom under the supervision of a teacher, the process of assimilating the societal phenomenon of "ethics" has already begun.
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The consequences of COVID19 may create famine across the globe. More specifically in underdeveloped or least developing countries.
Few unethical business practices may occur such as warehousing, price hiking, artificial supply shortage etc.
Please share your opinions (Actual and expected ethical business practices) based on your own country's present ethical business practices during the tragedy of COVID19 calamity.
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the main ethic required to face this problem is to adhere of system within country whether educational system or social system
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I would like to find out about validated questionnaires on Ethics. My research is on Ethics in the Coaching profession and would like to compare my questionnaire to a validated questionnaire in a similar field like: business ethics, ethics in psychology or counseling.
Please provide any ideas or samples if available
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Thank you Santosh!
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In my Business Ethics class, we were having a discussion about what type of people will make better citizens: Ethical people or Law-abiding people. The Discussion was very interesting and I was wonder what your view is on the matter.
We also looked are the possibility of ethical citizens not always being law-abiding...
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Respected Olutayo Kadmiel Osunsan. It seems that these discussions are universal, in my classes we also discuss these problems very frequently. I will express no opinion on this topic, very controversial and with which many people do not agree. A citizen who acts from well-defined moral values ​​is the one who would most respect the law. This type of citizen will assume the law as a natural process of a social nature. The law is mandatory, violating it means committing a crime that can mean being imprisoned. This type of action is preceded by a fact that ends in the repression in case of breaking the law. Nevertheless; acting by values, by convictions, by motivational levers is a significantly social way of assuming life in society, which includes respect for the law. It cannot be forgotten that man is a cultural being, eminently social and the law is a reflection of social relations and expression of the interests of the classes that are in power. That is why ethical action in the face of life is the type of citizen with real potential to develop any society. In my opinion, we can continue to discuss this issue in future exchanges. Thank you.
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Colleagues:
I have just been asked by NOVA Publications to edit the book, Business Ethics: Perspectives, Management, and Issues.
What specific topics about Business Ethics do you think merit inclusion in this new book? Do you have an suggestions or ideas that you think would add value for faculty, students, or administrators?
I welcome your suggestions and would enjoy working with any scholars that may wish to contribute a chapter to this volume.
Cam Caldwell
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Ali
Great one..retail getting less and lass ethical
See Surveillance Capitalism Zuboff 2019
Best
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To create a sustainable future, innovations are needed that integrate socio-ethical issues. Responsible innovation provides a method for managing these issues, and tries to ensure that innovation is conducted for and with society. The application of responsible innovation in industry contexts, where many of these innovations are developed, is limited by challenges related to dominant business logics, stakeholder management problems and resource constraints. Open innovation is an approach more commonly employed within industry contexts, which involves activities that overlap with responsible innovation dimensions and practices. This means that open innovation could represent a way to integrate the management of socio-ethical factors into industry contexts in a less disruptive and costly way. I would like to discuss opportunities and barriers to integrate both concepts. We have written a first exploratory article on this topic (see attachment), but I would like to learn from other viewpoints and also other disciplines, as much more conceptual and empirical work is needed.
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dear Yanica, thanks for your contribution. this is indeed great, although I am included to separate CSR and RI (see attach). but this may definitely be an interesting avenue for further research.
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The concept of sustainable business models contains a paradox, because sustainability involves the reduction of information asymmetries, whereas entrepreneurship involves enhanced and secured levels of information asymmetries. I have written an article on this topic (see attachment) but I would like to discuss this issue with others to learn other viewpoints, solutions and strategies. all feedback is welcome
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ok Wonjae, great, but I guess that today's societal issues like global warming, but also new disruptive technologies like AI need more societal consideration as well. and there the paradox appears, because in order to become debatable, companies should at least try to reduce information asymmetries. but thanks for your engagement anyway. vincent
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Today, we are living in a world where technological advances are happening in a pace which has been unprecedented in the entire history. Various technologies and industrial innovations are transforming how humans interact with their environment and with each other.
So, How do you define morality in today's world? What role does it play in our interactions with these new advancements in technology? And most importantly, will it be forgotten in the future or will it be salvational?
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Morality is an attitude of always doing what is right.
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I'm looking for case studies involving ethics and business leadership. I will need to dissect collateral situations, problems, issues, etc. I have no problem analyzing this, but I'm looking for "contemporary" cases, not old history. I also do not want to discuss ongoing, current situations.
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I have this case study, could you help please?
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Do autocratic leaders always amass power through corrupt practices? Is this corruption necessarily financial in nature, or can it be solely political? Is there such thing as a lawful autocrat?
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Corruption can exist in any type of political regime. However, in a sound democracy, it is easier to fight with it, thanks to the public control (including free media), various institutional arrangements, independence of courts, political culture, and the rule of law. Regarding the 'lawful autocrat' issue, it is the leader with the legitimacy. Legitimacy is one of the key notions of political science and is inseparably linked to ideas such as the state, power, citizens, rights, and obligations, etc. Definitions continue to be the subject of much debate, but I will confine myself here to the one proposed by Bertrand Badie. In his view, “legitimacy may be defined as the formula by which individuals accept power and consider their obedience as a just commitment” (Badie, Sociology of Legitimacy, 2001). When rulers wield the power they have no right to wield, it is said that they exert power without legitimacy. Legitimacy concerns the relation between citizens, or subjects, and the state authority or, as e.g. in Sub-Saharan Africa, the local traditional authority. Above all, it involves such basic issues as the subjects’ or citizens’ submission to, or compliance with, the decisions made by the authorities and the right of the state or traditional authority to limit the subjects’ or citizens’ freedom. The authorities in today’s democratic states draw their legitimacy from the will of the electorate as expressed through elections. Nonetheless, even in such a seemingly ideal state of affairs, legitimacy is at times a subject of discussion. Seymour Martin Lipset (Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics, 1983) says in this context that legitimacy is evaluative and considers that people of a state recognize a political system as legitimate or not “according to the way in which its values fit with theirs.” Thus, for example, when in a democratic state a candidate we support is elected to office we automatically recognize that candidate as having legitimacy. If the same elections are won by a candidate whom we do not trust or support, we may question that person’s legitimacy, especially if he or she was elected in conditions of low voter turnout. But, for example, in the states of post-colonial Africa, the problem of legitimacy is much more complicated than in the Western world. In the case of many post-colonial African states, traditional authority, which is connected with the faith of the ruled in the sanctity of the traditional order and in the power of the ruler, exists on the local level side by side with the legal national authority (which is based on election, appointment, or other means). In many African states, numerous different pre-colonial systems of power – such as kingships, sultanates or chieftaincies – which have a traditional legitimacy often confirmed in colonial and post-colonial times, have survived till our day.
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What kind of scientific research dominate in the field of Ethics of banking procedures, Corporate social responsibility?
Please, provide your suggestions for a question, problem or research thesis in the issues: Ethics of banking procedures, Corporate social responsibility.
An example of a research problem to consider:
What role in generating in the investment banking the main risk factors that led to the emergence of the global financial crisis in autumn 2008 was played by unreliable banking procedures and violations of business ethics? Why were these issues not settled and the costs of public aid for bankers rescued from bankruptcy were transferred to society? In view of the above, is a strong banking lobby responsible for unreliable banking procedures and violations of business ethics?
Please reply.
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Dariusz Prokopowicz Nice question
I agreed with Juan Manuel Montero Peña that the answer will be spited in 2 part Adheem Naeem
1st Ethic in banking procedure:
As banks are commercial entities working for profits & the staff has there target-KRA ~ incentive corresponding to the targets such situtation can occur. Additionally banker cant afford to loss large institutional or HNI clients thus th procudere might be at stake.
2nd for CSR thought kindly refer my project & allied paper
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give a comment and view that there must be or should be CSR policy for Educational Institute as specially private/Self-Finance.
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No there is no need of CSR activities in School and Colleges but they must creat awareness about CSR or get CSR add on means provide support to profit making enterprise for CSR activities
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Investigating the economies of countries in which the social market economy develops in the political system of democracy, economy open to international economic cooperation, knowledge-based economy and technological development, economy in which an important element of the host development is effective shaping of pro-development socio-economic policy and sustainable pro-ecological development, an economy in which various types of commercial enterprises and public institutions are developing, including social economic entities, the issue of effective socio-economic development may be observance of the principles of ethics and high moral standards.
In view of the above, I am asking you:
Can economic policy conducted in accordance with the principles of ethics and high moral standards be the basis for the country's economic success?
Please reply
Best wishes
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Yes, for example, the mortgage that shook the United States and caused a major shake-up in world stock exchanges in 2008 and the aftermath of several years
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Is it true and ethical that consumers have to ask their doctors to prescribe particular medicines or particular brands?
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Yes it is, but as pharmaceutical products are like double edge sword which require art of weighing of benefits vs risk so less likely.
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The first question indicates towards experience of an individual as an employee and his/her interactions with a peer, senior, boss, or the organization (norms/rules/regulations) itself.
The second question indicates to share various factors that contribute building the perception of employees.
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According to Robbins and Judge (2009) the following is list of what management can do to create a more ethical organizational culture. They suggest a combination of the following practices:
  1. Be a role model and be visible. Your employees look to the behavior of top management as a model of what’s acceptable behavior in the workplace. When senior management is observed (by subordinates) to take the ethical high road, it sends a positive message for all employees.
  2. Communicate ethical expectations. Ethical ambiguities can be reduced by creating and disseminating an organizational code of ethics. It should state the organization’s primary values and the ethical rules that employees are expected to follow. Remember, however, that a code of ethics is worthless if top management fails to model ethical behaviors.
  3. Offer ethics training. Set up seminars, workshops, and similar ethical training programs. Use these training sessions to reinforce the organization’s standards of conduct, to clarify what practices are and are not permissible, and to address possible ethical dilemmas.
  4. Visibly reward ethical acts and punish unethical ones. Performance appraisals of managers should include a point-by-point evaluation of how his or her decisions measure up against the organization’s code of ethics. Appraisals must include the means taken to achieve goals as well as the ends themselves. People who act ethically should be visibly rewarded for their behavior. Just as importantly, unethical acts should be punished.
  5. Provide protective mechanisms. The organization needs to provide formal mechanisms so that employees can discuss ethical dilemmas and report unethical behavior without fear of reprimand. This might include creation of ethical counselors, ombudsmen, or ethical officers.
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1. Intra-personal level (or individual level)
2. Inter-personal level (e.g., peer level, subordinate level, boss/supervisor level, and organization level)
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Thank you Gopi for sharing this with me. From my (long) working experience in four continents I can say that indeed responsibility for the things you do, say or 'share' is a key factor. In addition, a full understanding of the culture, practices and morality of the people you interact with is another key factor. Furthermore, I would argue that respect is yet another key factor, independent on what the 'other side' says, thinks or does.
Best wishes,
Jan
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In its discussion of ethics in organizations, Weber rescues two approaches to ethics - that of conviction and responsibility.
The ethic of conviction is interpreted as one that is based on principles and is based on moral and ideal norms. Its justification is due to universal duties, norms and values.
The ethics of responsibility is based on purpose and utilitarianism between purposes and consequences.
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Ethics on code of conduct should be entrenched in companies that want to thrive in the domain of influence. Ethical code of conduct is key to any organization's overall performance.
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Academic dishonesty has been called "a plague and a crisis" and Business School students are apparently worse than all other college and university students in terms of their cheating behavior. Which schools are doing well at changing student behaviors -- or is the issue not considered important? Only one-third of AACSB-accredited business schools even teach a stand-alone Business Ethics course but more than 40% of the top 100 US Business School deans acknowledge that their faculty are unprepared and unqualified to teach ethics "across the curriculum." What's working? Which schools are making a difference . . . and how are they positively affecting student attitudes?
CC
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Hi dear Colleague,
First of all, Obviously, I want toI thank you for raising the ethical issue in the university sphere, that has remained unresolved in our universities.
The question of academia's ethics have been very little discussed.
According to me, what you qualify as "academic dishonesty" or "pestilence and crisis" not reflect the reality of the university disaster. I think there is a deep problem in academicians values system ​​and ethics in the university sphere. This bitter reality leads to the development of what I just called a "Scientific Mafia" in universities. Lobbying, calculation and loss of principles and academic values ​​to the detriment of personal interest concern. The lobby of chief editors of the scientific journals is one of the facets of the "Scientific Mafia". also, groups of academic interest seeking international funded projects are also another facet of this scientific Mafia. Therefore, how do you expect students to behave ethically, if their teachers have unethical behavior?
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Thirty months ago I thought I would retire and focus on writing. In that time I have worked with many students and co-authored many papers with them to help them in their careers. In fact, in that time I have had forty papers published in academic journals and haIve written five books. I also realized that I had much more to contribute
teaching in the classroom. My PhD was in Organization Behavior and Human Resources and I have published extensively in Business Ethics and Leadership. I would be willing to go virtually anywhere in the world and have taught in Oman, Vietnam, and New Zealand. Any suggestions?
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Dear Cam,
Based on what you write, it seems that you are eminently qualified to teach and that you have expertise in areas that are in great demand in business schools around the world. In particular, ethics and leadership have risen in prominence in recent years. Once you have decided which countries you prefer, make direct contact with people at business schools in those countries.
Best of luck, I hope you get want you want.
John
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A business phenomena / practice of disposing unsold new product before even usage starts has gained attention lately. Clothing giants like H&M and Burberry have been burning new clothes. Burberry though, promised to abandon this practice. Similarly, Amazon (in Germany) has found to destroy returned unused goods. This unsustainable practice seems to be rather widely used. Is there any academic literature, including interesting empirics, case studies, theorising that has been done to research this phenomena?
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The important phenomenon to which this query refers can be approached from the angle of "reverse logistics", which is the process of moving unsold (or defective) goods from their typical final destination—back up the supply chain—for the purpose of capturing value, repairing, recycling, or proper disposal. In literature, an early use of the term was in "Reverse Logistics: White Paper", (Stock, 1992) published by the Council of Logistics Management. The number of publications on the topic has since increased significantly, as a search on Google Scholar demonstrates. (Of course, concern for sustainability are, ever more, associated with reverse logistics.)
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The most successful and enduring organisations are also those that give the greatest attention to the well-being of their staff, to their stakeholders, and to their broader social and ethical responsibilities.
How do these factors play a role in the organisation's success, including CSR, corporate governance and business ethics.
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It summarizes the value-enhancing capabilities of firms’ social and environmental activities that exist in theory, but fail to find convincing empirical evidence to link CSR efforts with greater business success.
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Dear All Researchers, This is a new scam. be aware of it. Do not pay them 1$.
Also i wonder why they are doing it? we research community in my humble opinion are regarded in terms of caring of customer info, but scammers are also targeting this.
Anyone doing research on these type of scammers? how to avoid them? this is a totally new technique.
Technique in a scenes, they will not send you an email. It will popup on your browser, while you are searching something.
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Well, it's upon you to protect yourself.
There will always be people either just crossing the line or directly trying to rob you.
They might be doing it for money directly, i.e. to collect these bucks one by one from as many people as they can. They can also be trying to rob you of your sensitive data, or to compromise your computer. They would then sell the data or access to the computer to others, who make big bucks on it.
There is no such thing as a lunch for free. Do not believe any of them ads and when you see them popping up on your screen, do the only reasonable thing - hit "Esc" or quit the browser, if it does not help. Do not touch anything in the popped-up window. Remember, do not touch it. Just kill it by any means.
Last, but not least, enable pop-up window blocking, disable tracing of your activity, disable Java script (you can always enable it on specific pages you deem secure), and install ad-blocker from a trusted source. If you wish to do even more, use some sort of safe browser, such as Tor.
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Most academic journals seem to focus on arcane topics and business ethics journals have apparently gone in that direction. Henry Mintzberg, the highly respected management scholar, suggests that most academic articles published in journals do not pass the "Bill and Barbara Test." (Note: Bill and Barbara are two practitioners to whom he referred academic papers and asked them to comment as to whether those papers had any practical value. See the attached.)
The Journal of Business Ethics used to publish many papers about applied business ethics but under the new editors that journal seems to be more elitist and theoretical in its focus.
Do we need a new Journal of Applied Business Ethics? The Gallup Survey data indicates that trust in leaders of all types is low and that employees rarely have confidence in their leaders anymore.
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Check with Dr. Adrian Doss from the University of West Alabama for assistance, he is very good.
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Dear All
Would you provide me with a framework or model for manual qualitative analysis for business ethics research?
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Dear Waleed
Please refer to:
Information Management Model for Intellectual Capital of HEIs in Oman: Theoretical Quantitative Approach and Practical Results. J. of Information and Knowledge Management, 2018, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp.1-38. (World Scientific).
· HEIs Quality Improvement Through Students and Academic Staff’s Perception: Data Analysis and Robustness of the Results. International Journal for Quality Research, 2017, Vol.11, No.2, pp.261-278.
· Al-Farahidi Performative model to assess HEIs. 4th OQNHE Conference 2017, pp.1-15.
· A Framework for Fostering the Quality of HEIs: Data Collection, Evaluation, Indication and Validation. Int. J. of Quality and Innovation, Vol.3, No.1, pp.42-66 (Inderscience ).
Regards,
Zuhair
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Why or why not?
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As we have all seen too many times, it is about the money and power that is linked to the money. Unfortunately few companies place the welfare of their employees above the bottom line of profit/loss. It is also so well known that employees will be one of the things impacted by down-sizing or automation.
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How to simultaneously take into account the environmental, social and economic value of a product during its design?
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Dear Gwenola
Please check the following streams of research of the problem you mentioned:
1. Investigation of direct link between sustainable and economic value in the "integrated reporting" research, for instance:
Maniora J (2017) Is Integrated Reporting Really the Superior Mechanism for the Integration of Ethics into the Core Business Model? An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics (2017) 140:755–786
2. Investigation of "innovative Local David vs Global Goliath competition" in sustainable values (my favorite, because (1) they use meanings to explain innovations and (2) make the knowledge about the local sustainable values important)
Hokerts K (2009) Greening Goliaths versus Emerging Davids – Theorizing about the Role of Incumbents and New Entrants in Sustainable Entrepreneurship. WORKING PAPER NO. 01-2009, CBS Center for Corporate Social Responsibility, CBS Working Paper Series, 1-44.
3. Experiments in how sustainable values affect consumers perceptions
Lundqvist, A., Liljander, V., Gummerus, J. and van Riel, A. (2013), “The impact of storytelling on the consumer brand experience: the case of a firm-originated story”, Journal of Brand Management 20, 283-297 (February/March 2013), doi:10.1057/bm.2012.15
There are more streams of research of the problem in question.
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Third party access concerns users of energy infrastructure. It is established under european guidelines in order to enhance competition and energy security in Europe.
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I need your opinions on the subject.
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Green Management is an initiative aiming at continuously improving the foundation of environmental management, such as the development of personnel responsible for environmental activities, environmental managementsystems, and environmental communication as well as conservation of biodiversity.
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one key criterion is Higher number of good research publication from institute .Getting higher research publication in best journals, is a long time taking and gradual process ?
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I think a great read on the effect of university rankings on institutional practices is by Wendy Espeland and co-author, see their newest book Engines of Anxiety: Academic Rankings, Reputation, and Accountability (with Michael Sauder). It's a huge study of how ranking of law schools in the US affects their practices, also taking into account differences in the reputation of the institutions. Many of the findings could be relevant for other cases of HE league tables, depending on the stakes these rankings have. For law schools the stakes turn to be very high, as the research explains.
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I am associate professor in Vinod Gupta School of management IIT kharagpur India. In IIT we are running NPTEL MOOC courses . Can we make comparative analysis?. My area of specialization are OB, HR, HR analytics, competency mapping, performance management, business ethics and leadership
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We can collaborate by adopting the ( Ambidexterity strategies and digital leadership)
Best regards
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I'm trying to develop a research topic that evaluates the influence organizational culture has on accounting ethics in fraudulent and non-fraudulent banking institutions. I was told by my department chair, organizational culture can not be measured. So, the topic need to be modified. Any suggestions? 
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The ethical decisions of auditing and accounting are affected by organizational culture and ethical culture. Considering that the ethical ideology of people is affected by their religion and culture, therefore it can play an important role in configuration of ethical judgment of everyone. In fact, ethical values, attitude and behavioral evolution are affected by culture. The research carried out on development of ethics in accounting professions implies that there are “systematic features in this profession that control individuals’ ethics and prevent the remaining of people in higher levels of ethical growth”. I recommend that you identify these systemic features.
Herron, T. L. and D. L. Gilbertson: 2004, ‘Ethical Principles vs. Ethical Rules: The Moderating Effect of Moral Development on Audit Independence Judgments’, Business Ethics Quarterly 14(3), 499–523.
Keller (2007). Do gender, educational level, religiosity and work experience affect the ethical decision making of U.S. accountants? Critical Perspectives on Accounting 18: 299-314.
Douglas, P. C., Davidson, R. A., & Schwartz, B. N. (2001). The effect of organizational culture and ethical orientation on
Sweeney, B., Arnold, D., & Pierce, B. (2010). The impact of perceived ethical culture of the firm and demographic variables on auditors’ ethical evaluation and intention to act decisions. Journal of Business Ethics, 93(4), 531–551.
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In which american newspaper I can publish my study:Sundial of the Big Apple City?
Many newspapers in NY just ignore my proposed note.
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Dear Nurtraev,
If you are looking for an American newspaper to reach Americans, I would just publish it somewhere else and with the impact it may cause, you will surely be read in New York and have some more doors opened. 
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Can anyone let me know how excessive pay may affect directors performance, please help.
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Dear Vergil,
Thank you very much for the interesting links, I noticed in the articles that Corporate social responsibility may also affect directors performance any contribution in respect. opinion, journals, case study would be very helpful.
Regards,
Celeste. 
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Assuming an upcoming researcher is given a research job aside his area of specialization what is the implication of accepting the offer? Although the researcher will be able to perform excellently in the study or research activity is it ethically allowed? 
For instance I was given a qualitative study to compile in Accounting  using content analysis, I practically accepted to do that with the mind that as a researcher I am suppose to be versatile- just hope I did the right thing.
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Absolutely agree with Hemlata, above; and with Peter, that researchers "..do stuff.."---with the aim of consolidating, and sometimes furthering knowledge in their field; otherwise, there's no point "..doing stuff..".
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Kindly recommend me a scale for measuring social reputation of an employee at his workplace
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I think, there is big difference between the two terms: social reputation and academic social media! so do you mean the second term in your question? since we are all academic researcher in the RG platform and very far way from pure social interaction like other non academic social media!
Regards, Emad
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I have a project I recently completed that requires an outlet for publication. The project was not funded and we have expended so much of our personal resources to bring it this far.
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I am actually looking for open access journals where I will not have to pay publications fees to publish in not ones I can access for reading or research purposes.
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The relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Stakeholder. What for? Is it related to Business Ethics?
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Very simply answer: Stakeholders are THE most neglected factor in (project) success.
Look at the 'Brent Spa' incident or the 'Knock Nevis' or even the Batillus class ships. Failure to incorporate Stakeholder's perception is crucial.
While it makes sense from a business point of view, engaging with your Stakeholders is nothing but CSR in itself. Please see below for references.
Kind Regards
Roland
Branco, M., Rodrigues, L.L., 2007. Positioning stakeholder theory within the debate on corporate social responsibility. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies 12, 5–15.
Crane, A., Matten, D., Spence, L.J. (Eds.), 2014. Corporate social responsibility: readings and cases in a global context, 2nd ed. ed. Routledge, London ; New York, NY.
Harrison, J.S., Wicks, A.C., 2013. Stakeholder Theory, Value, and Firm Performance. Business Ethics Quarterly 23, 97–124.
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I'm interested in this topic, CEO and/or corporate activism. For example, Google, Facebook and other tech giants publicly speaking against Trump's Mexico wall, or Airbnb saying that it will offer free housing for refugees and other people in case they are in danger...
More examples: Patagonia with their fight against climate change, or its CEO, Rose Marcario, who is pretty concerned publicly about this subject and speaks a lot about the DAPL.
There is a lot of articles in Harvard Business and other media sites regarding this topic, but I can't find a lot of scientific research about pros/cons for the reputation of the company, etc. I guess it's a very new concept since traditionally the private sector and CEOs have remained outside issues that affect the public sector or that do not directly concern their businesses, but I'd love to hear from you if you know any sources! Thanks in advance!
Here are some of the articles, news and statemets from companies that I found:
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You might want to look also at neighbouring fields, such as brand activism. Particularly, boycotting, culture jamming, anti-branding...
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In studying the relationship of corporate governance and public confidence in a firm, are the number of board members, their composition, and equity holding of the directors enough to increase or reduce public confidence in the financial statements of a firm? Must examination of other corporate governance indices be carried out to determine public confidence?
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Dear Grace,
I suggest these papers for your research:
Botosan, C. A. (1997). Disclosure level and the cost of equity capital. Accounting review, 323-349.
Chen, S., DeFond, M. L., & Park, C. W. (2002). Voluntary disclosure of balance sheet information in quarterly earnings announcements. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 33(2), 229-251.
Francis, J. R., Khurana, I. K., & Pereira, R. (2005). Disclosure incentives and effects on cost of capital around the world. The Accounting Review, 80(4), 1125-1162.
Lopes, A. B., & de Alencar, R. C. (2010). Disclosure and cost of equity capital in emerging markets: The Brazilian case. The International Journal of Accounting, 45(4), 443-464.
Souissi, M., & Khlif, H. (2012). Meta-analytic review of disclosure level and cost of equity capital. International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, 20(1), 49-62.
Botosan, C. A. (2006). Disclosure and the cost of capital: what do we know?. Accounting and business research, 36(sup1), 31-40.
Poshakwale, S., & Courtis, J. K. (2005). Disclosure level and cost of equity capital: evidence from the banking industry. Managerial and Decision Economics, 26(7), 431-444.
Bravo Urquiza, F., Abad Navarro, M. C., & Trombetta, M. (2012). Disclosure strategies and cost of capital. Managerial and decision economics, 33(7-8), 501-509.
Best wishes
Anna
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In order to reach the widest audience possible - I am considering as part of my research project to write it at a level that would be at a Grade 8/9  Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level. This will be a significant challenge, however, it might make it easier to understand for key stakeholders or interested parties outside the world of academia? 
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Thanks David and Yeda for your links - regards Simon 
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Hello, 
I would like to ask you, whether you think McDonald's is a good example of CSR in the gastronomy industry? I wrote an interesting article, in my opinion, but one reviewer found that McDonald's is a bad example. I do not agree with his opinion and I would like to take your advice, or maybe someone would like to read my article and express my opinion before I giving it to the review again.
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Thank you, Dear Fatima,
Very interesting article. I agree that we should not promote their products, but many people around the world eat there.
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I saw where you are interested in sharing your living systems framework with other researchers.  I am using that framework in my work with educational and other human systems such as health care and business ethics.  Could you email me privately (bmccombs@du.edu) to discuss your work and applications of this framework?  Thanks much!
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The DVUSD Continuous Improvement Journey is one of alignment and integration. Beginning with the Strategic Plan and guided by the Baldrige Framework, the district and schools draft Organizational Profiles that highlight details such as student-centered processes, programs, and information regarding our skilled workforce. The Organizational Profile also hosts the mission and vision statements, as well as the core values that define the DVUSD community. To ensure that continuous improvement is at the forefront of all decisions, Deer Valley seeks out feedback from external organizations that can lead to action. In our quest for effective and efficient process improvements, in which students receive the optimal education, Deer Valley employs the AdvancED protocols to maintain district-wide accreditation.
Deer Valley's Strategic Plan is the framework to focus and align our work through 2018. Thus, the entire Deer Valley organization will be positioned to ensure we are fulfilling the mission and achieving the vision of graduating life-long learners to successfully compete, lead, and positively impact the world.
Throughout the 2016-2017 school year, DVUSD will be gathering input from all stakeholders in support of refining our core values and strategic plan. We will examine ways to refine, refocus, and recommit to our district’s key strategic objectives. Continuous improvement is a journey, not an event. Deer Valley supports all employees in the implementation of continuous improvement principles aligned to the Strategic Plan. These principles are embedded throughout the organization through a variety of supports, including quarterly feedback for improvement plans. These CI efforts have been included within our historical story, Our Journey, in which our core values and priorities are portrayed.  Our Journey to Extraordinary. 
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IF the public procurement contract has been enforced or performed a half, the"out "contractor charge there was a bribery in open bidding process,then is this public procurement contract is ineffective? Or <Restatement of contract> is applicable to public procurement contract?
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Over the course of many years, the Asian Development Bank has developed and refined a set of procurement guidelines, available in several languages (including Chinese) at https://www.adb.org/documents/procurement-guidelines. The purpose is to inform those carrying out projects that are financed in whole or in part by loans from ADB, ADB-financed grants, or ADB-administered funds, but the of the guidelines are state-of-the-art and should be of interest to anyone with interest in procurement.
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Sustainability Research Group (SRG) is contributing a chapter to a book on Corporate Governance to be published by Emerald.
If you have a background in corporate governance and interested to contribute to the chapter, please apply. The researcher is expected to contribute two prominent case studies to the chapter.
To apply, please send your CV to the following email with the title “Contribution: Corporate Governance”.
GSRN2030(at)gmail.com
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Dear Daniel,
I gather you are suggesting to publish it in a journal, in which case we have a project on the same topic in a journal planned for 2017-18.
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Dear Researchers,
I would like to know whether any US law (federal level or state level law) affects supplier's credit i.e. trade credit. For example, European competition law has some provisions that affect supplier credit. However, my interest is in US law. Thank you for your time.
Sincerely,
Masud
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Hi,
You might be interested by this paper:
Financial Contracting and Organizational Form: Evidence from the Regulation of Trade Credit
Journal of Financefebruary 2017, (pages 291–324)
EMILY BREZA and ANDRES LIBERMAN
Best regards
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Dear respectful professors and Researchers,
We know that median is more recommended as a central measure because it forgets about the extreme data. Does this mean that we must forget about the mean?In other words, is there a situation that we prefer to continue using mean as a central tendency measure even for skewed data?
We can see this from another point of view:
May there be some situations that deleting extreme data(judgments)-using median instead of mean- is not recommended?
(If not we can say mean is dead)
Best
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Dear Ali
Yes. Median is preferable particularly when you have some extreme low and high values in the data distribution. When this is the case, the median is a better measure of central tendency than the mean.
You seem very interested to use the mean.  You can proceed to use the mean if the skewness test gives you a value close to zero, indicating no skewness, if the skewness test gives you zero, then you can rely on the mean. You can run the skewness test easily in excel spreadsheet using the formular at the top ribbon.
Hope this helps
Regards
Peterson
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For my doctoral study, I am developing a composite index to measure the process of implementing Global Business/Corporate Citizenship. I need a couple of volunteers to validate that the questions I constructed for my survey instrument are relevant, reasonable, unambiguous, and clear.
If you are willing to read the below 23 questions and provide some quick feedback, I would be eternally grateful! For feedback purposes, I included descriptions of the constructs I am trying to measure. You can contact me at Linda.Sanner@waldenu.edu or reply in this forum.
Thanks for your help,
Linda Sanner
Proposed Survey Questions:
Q1. I am familiar with the concept of global business or corporate citizenship.
VALUE RELATED QUESTIONS (development of corporate values in a code of conduct)
Companies that demonstrate that they are business/corporate citizens:
Q2. Have a written code of conduct and policies that reflect the company’s principles/values.
Q3. Have a written code of conduct and policies that govern their conduct everywhere they operate around the globe.
Q4. Have a written code of conduct and policies that reflect a high degree of ethical standards.
Q5. Have a written code of conduct and policies that reflect universally acceptable human values (such as those identified by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights).
Q6. Provide their employees with an in-depth understanding of the rationale underlying the company principles and /or values.
IMPLEMENTATION QUESTIONS (implementation of values/code of conduct at local levels)
Companies that demonstrate that they are business/corporate citizens:
Q7. Have employees who are aware of the company principles and/or values.
Q8. Identify, map, and assess their stakeholders.
Q9. Have ongoing dialogue with stakeholders, which inform the decision making of both the company and its stakeholders.
Q10. Implement local variations of their principles/values based on local customs, culture, norms, or national standards.
Q11. Engage local employees and stakeholders in establishing local variations of company principles/values to meet local customs, culture, norms, or national standards.
Q12. Empower local employees to establish local variations of company principles/values to meet local customs, culture, norms, or national standards.
Q13. Provide support and guidance on what employees should do when the local culture demands adaptation of company principles/values.
ANALYSIS QUESTIONS (analysis of problem areas and experimentation with creative and practical solutions to remediate conflicts)
Companies that demonstrate that they are business/corporate citizens:
Q14. Analyze cases in which local customs or norms seem to conflict with company overarching principles/values.
Q15. Have employees at corporate headquarters devise experiments to test ways to integrate overarching principles/values at the local level with respect for local culture.
Q16. Engage local employees and stakeholders to analyze and experiment with ways to integrate overarching principles/values at the local level with respect for local culture.
Q17. Empower local managers to work with local stakeholders to analyze and experiment with ways to integrate overarching principles/values at the local level with respect for local culture.
LEARNING QUESTIONS (learning from the previous steps and teaching local managers and other firms to differentiate situations and apply appropriate solutions)
Companies that demonstrate that they are business/corporate citizens:
Q18. Involve all employees in ethical training.
Q19. Have a formal, systematic process to organize and communicate organizational performance to facilitate learning within the organization.
Q20. Have a formally structured knowledge bank, available to everyone in the company, where employees can enter tacit knowledge, questions, and lessons learned.
Q21. Institutionalize lessons learned into policies, practices, and behaviors.
Q22. Routinely analyze their principles/values and change their guidelines when it becomes apparent that aspects cannot be reasonably implemented, or should no longer stand as guiding principles.
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Linda,
Please see attached a template of my 2012 survey tool. Hope this helps.
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I am thinking about doing research on ethos (morality) of entrepreneurship in some region in Poland. It would be great to make some comparison with similar researches and get to know the best matching methodology.
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Robert, 
As you know, nobody claims that I'm an unethical person! So measuring unethical behavior is something impossible using a questionnaire. I recommend you to adopt this scale of Justification of unethical behavior comprising "Displacement of responsibility", "Diffusion of responsibility" and "Attribution of Blame." 
Good luck with your research
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In recent years, there has been growing concern about the growth of what is called either 'bogus' or 'false' self-employment across many governments in Europe and beyond. I am interested to find out whether any research has been conducted on this issue.
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Interposed entities in Australia are covered in my thesis 'Miners' Motivation'.  The practice received a lot of attention in Australia in the 1980s.  It might be worth a look at the thesis.
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Do you have any insights into this topic? Case studies of companies, best practices? I am trying to set up a research group on this topic around the following conceptual core: "Milton Friedman consacrated an understanding of the relationship between ethics and business eventually known as 'The Separation Thesis', the main tenet thereof is that business decisions have no moral content, moral decisions have no business content. This view has been mainstream in management theory and practice for decades, yet it is being increasingly challenged from many sides. This research line aims at taking stock of recent developments in cognitive sciences, economics, sociology, philosophy, organization studies, and corporate responsibility that point to the manifold ways in which ethics and business are actually embedded. Building on this, it is our purpose to delve into the question, how ethics is driving innovation in every aspects of business, including strategy, organizational design, product, decision making processes, and culture".
If you are interested, please get in contact withme
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Some writers in link attached, wrote about business ethics, good practices in some areas. Maybe it will be mean something.
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There's this very hot topic about trained versus non-trained interpreters. Do you have any examples coming from your own country regarding any unfortunate happenings because of the lack of certified interpreters? or a poor quality job done by non-trained interpreters? 
Should own capabilities/experience be enough or substitute the need of training programmes, certification and continuous professional development?
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I think you would always find a gap in terms of quality when it comes to trained and untrained interpreters on the market. The most I can say is that the trained ones should be paid their just due as opposed to the untrained ones. If you received mediocre work then you should decide whether you would ask for the work to be improved before the final payment for the job.
Many thanks,
Debra
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Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi on Nov.8, 2016  has banned Rs. 500 & Rs. 1000 currency notes with immediate effect. This is a great step for curbing black money and dirty money.The decision was taken to prevent the illegal financial transactions such as fake currency and money laundering which has been India as a whole for years.What will be the impact of this Demonetization on Indian Economy.
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You're welcome Sanjeev jee. All the best
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I'm conducting a research comparing business ethics standards in Poland and France. Do you know any relevant literature on this topic?
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Hello Patryk:
There many international standards for evaluating business ethics, these are indexes, indicators and guidelines, please see this papers:
Plasencia-Soler, J. A., Marrero-Delgado, F., Nicado-Garcia, M., & Collada-Peña, I. (2016). Evaluación de la sostenibilidad de organizaciones cubanas. DYNA MANAGEMENT, 4(3), 0. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.6036/mn7966
Plasencia-Soler, J., Marrero-Delgado, F., & Nicado-Garcia, M. (2017). Metodología para evaluar el nivel ético en las organizaciones. Ingeniare, Revista Chilena de Ingeniería, 25(1).
Salvado, M. F., Azevedo, S. G., Matias, J. C. O., & Ferreira, L. M. (2015). Proposal of a Sustainability Index for the Automotive Industry. Sustainability, 7, 2113–2144. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7022113
Polanco, J. P., Ramírez, F., & Orozco, M. (2016). Incidencia de estándares internacionales en la sostenibilidad corporativa: una perspectiva de la alta dirección. Estudios Gerenciales, 32(139), 181–192.
Guo, D., DeFrancia, K., Chen, M., Filiatraut, B., & Zhang, C. (2015). Assessing Sustainability: Frameworks and Indices. Research Program on Sustainability Policy and Management. Earth Institute. Columbia University. Retrieved from http://spm.ei.columbia.edu/files/2015/06/SPM_Metrics_WhitePaper_3.pdf.
Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K., & Dikshit, A. K. (2012). An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecological Indicators, 15(1), 281–299. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.01.007
I waiting that will be util for you
Best regards
Juan A
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How feasible today is a project to democratise global communication from below?
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Put simply, communication is the process by which information is conveyed through a common system of symbols, signs, or behaviors. In actual fact, it is the process through which relationships are instituted, sustained, altered, or ended by increases or reductions in meaning.
So, unlike conventional public relations or corporate communication, global communication must be considered a process of strategic, imbedded interventions initiated by individuals, communities, and organizations and designed to advance the public good. Needless to say, this is easier said than done; indeed, it is impossible if global communication is not considered a systemic issue, meaning, something linked to political economy and what institutions (or forces) and processes shape that. Nonetheless, some progress may be achieved if strategic communications consider the what, why, where, and how of comprehensive engagement at international, national, sector, and thematic as well as project levels. Based on what values they espouse, principles of continuity, credibility, dialogue, integration, precision, results-orientation, ubiquity, and understanding can underpin a (very necessary) measure of success.
Communications for Development Outcomes, available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266476992_Communications_for_Development_Outcomes, may be of related interest.
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India is considered to be a perfect desination due to various factors like low input costs, easy access to labour,low rate of wages and a massive consumer base. My question is just to know something about ethical issues in Indian Business.
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Thanks Dear Konadu ji for your wonderful reply.
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CSR has assumed a place of great importance these days.In countries like India,it is now not a voluntary phenomenon,rather it has become mandatory to spend on various CSR activities.My question is regarding what may be the common indicators as far as Social Performance of a business is concerned.
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Social performance of the business may be measured through measure of success of corporate in implementing green concepts in product, process and technology, as well providing direct benefits to the society through CSR activities. CSR encompasses the factors: social benefits, work culture & employee motivation, corporate strategy for environmental protection. The integration of the factors shall create competitive advantage and provide both tangible & intangible benefits by creating an identity as socially and environmentally conscious and responsible business.    
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This is the argument I made in a presentation at the 2008 “Business Ethics Olympics” of the International Society of Business, Economics, and Ethics (ISBEE), which was held in Cape Town, South Africa. Does this argument indicate too much faith in rules, regulations, and “law and order” trumping the culture of self-interest and profit-maximization that prevails in most for-profit entities – a culture that is expected and rewarded in capitalistic societies?
For more on my faith in “law and order” see my paper here on RG, “Legislative Excess or Regulatory Brilliance? Corporate Governance after SARBOX” : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236980618_Legislative_Excess_or_Regulatory_Brilliance_Corporate_Governance_after_SARBOX?ev=prf_pub.
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Dear Graham,
Some days ago I came across this paper: Jones, C.L.& Roberts, A.. (2006) Management of Financial Information in Charitable Organizations: the Case of Joint-Cost Allocations. The Accounting Review, 81(1), 159-178.
Well, charities also engage in earnings management... I am wondering whether the donors are aware of this...
Paul    
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There is a dilemma in many situations where managers have to consider social acceptance even it may not benefit the firm's economic performance.
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This question can often be broken into a long view vs. short view perspective.  In the short view the socially responsible behavior may have an economic cost that negatively impacts company performance.   In the long run the public response to the socially responsible behavior can cause a string of positive economic realizations for the business, and these positive impacts can offset or outweigh the short run negative.  The end result is unharmed or enhanced long term performance associated with positive social behavior at the firm level.    Everybody wins.....
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