Questions related to Budgeting
How should an anti-inflationary and at the same time pro-development, growth-activating (medium-term) and growth-activating (long-term) economic, anti-crisis, counter-cyclical, pro-development socio-economic policy be constructed?
How should such a multi-faceted socio-economic policy be designed?
In designing such an anti-inflationary and anti-crisis socio-economic policy, how should some mutually contradictory instruments for activating economic processes and curbing inflation be reconciled?
What is your opinion on this topic?
I invite you all to discuss,
Thank you very much,
I am interested in methodological guides or references or websites to apply a simple version of the LOICZ budgeting: water, salt, nutrient and carbon fluxes in the interfaz land-sea
In times of a pandemic, as employees of financial departments, we were subjected to a difficult test of high volatility of economic and financial data on enterprises, which we financially analyze on a daily basis. The most common opinion I received while working on financial plans during the exchange of experiences with ICV Poland members was that the method of incremental budgets and rigid budgeting were completely rejected. These methods turned out to be completely useless during the year 2020. During the pandemic, companies were hit by supply shocks (broken and irregular supply chains) and demand shocks (large fluctuations in the demand for a company's products different from what was before the covid-19 pandemic). Financial planning in the field of personal finances in individual households underwent a real revolution due to changes in incomes and due to increasing inflation and high economic uncertainty. What is Your opinion on these issues and do You know any research studies developed on these topics?
hello every one
Can the independent variable be a constant
I want to Run MANOVA
I have the independent variable that is constant a budget during the year
and the opinion on the impact of the budget on quality of education (1 DV), on research (2DV), diplomatic rate (3dv), Employment rate(4DV) are the dependent variable
i Run the MANOVA but it looks like i have a lot of errors even if i tried to normalize Data,
SPSS gives me this message: this Box's Test of Equality of Covariance Matrices is not computed because there are less than two nonempty cells.
i tried to work with the discrim but i get the same errors
i get my data frow a survey it means that i can not change it , what other methods to analyse my data
I am trying to analyse the impact of quantified budgeting (historical budgeting, because it is the only method that is applicated in mycountry,the independent variable is historical budgeting>>its the budget>>> its continuous variable) on some universities performance indicators.
Thank you for the help
Unethical practices in business constitute a negative aspect of business processes and often generate additional costs for contractors and consumers. On the other hand, the scale of the gray market in the national economy is often correlated with the level of fiscal burdens and the quality of legal regulations regarding the commencement of business activities.
The high share of shadow economy in various branches of the national economy is also lower income from taxes and fees to the central state budget and to local budgets of local government units.
High fiscal burdens and imprecisely formulated legal regulations regarding running a business activity apart from generating a high level of gray economy in the economy may also be a source of unethical practices used in business between contractors or between producers and suppliers of products and services and consumers.
The large scale of the shadow economy in the national economy and the applied unethical practices in business is one of the key factors in the imperfections of the country's economic system.
According to the above, the current question is: Does the scale of occurrence of unethical practices in business correlate with the size of the shadow economy in national economies?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.
State-owned enterprises means enterprises as those owned by the
government (central, federal, local or regional) and those in which the state has significant control through full, majority, or minority ownership.
Is there a model for SOE's budgeting. For example How SOE's budget include in government budget? what is the budget classification of SOEs? what is the budget process (prepare and approval) of SOEs?
I am working on budgeting for my dissertation, which involves conducting qualitative, one-on-one interviews virtually. I am working on my budgeting plan as part of research grant, and a research grant application that I am completing.
I am wondering what items/factors should I consider in my budgeting plan? I have so far ascribed some of the funding in the plan for honoraria and support with transcription through a Research Assistant.
What are other considerations that I should have? Please share any thoughts or considerations you may have as this will greatly support me.
Many thanks in advance,
Why did the governments of many countries, despite a good economic situation, not reduce the debt of public finances of the state and budget deficits in the state budgets?
Unfortunately, for several decades in most countries permanently budgets of public finances, state budgets are unbalanced, they are usually in deficit. Such a situation generates the risk of excessive indebtedness and loss of liquidity in public finances of the state. In a good economic situation, deficits tend to fall, but in a period of declining economic growth, deficits are rising and there is a risk of a public finance crisis. In such a situation, the state, in order to maintain liquidity, raises interest rates on treasury bonds in order to find buyers from domestic and foreign investors. This problem appeared in the countries of the south of Europe after the appearance of the global financial crisis in the autumn of 2008.
In connection with the above, the governments of individual countries should from year to year reduce the state of public finance debt, ie reduce public debt and budget deficit. However, for many years, in many countries, public debt and budget deficit, despite good economic conditions, were not reduced despite good economic growth. Why despite the good economic situation in the 90s and the beginning of the 21st century, ie before the emergence of the global financial crisis in 2008, public debt of the state finances and budget deficit in the state budget were not significantly reduced or reduced?
A fully balanced state budget should not have any deficit. Why do not the governments of many countries care about this issue and forward this unresolved problem of state funs to the subsequent ruling teams? Perhaps the answer to this question arises from this question. Well, usually several summer political cycles of exercising power by a specific government team are not correlated with the period of the business cycle.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
In the context of the above issues, I am asking you the following question:
In connection with the above, I ask: Why did the governments of many countries, despite a good economic situation, not lower the debt of public finances of the state and budget deficits in the state budgets?
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Dear Friends and Colleagues of RG
This issue is described in the following publication:
I invite you to discussion and cooperation.
There are some criticism about the 'fake' participation among local community just to satisfy the government or donor's agenda to show that there are names and meeting have been organized prior to the final drafting of any municipal budgeting plan. I am trying to crack out this situation by showing the difference between a 'genuine' and 'fake' participation in the process.
A business background prepares one to deal efficiently and effectively with everyday problems.
Does official policy documents have limited scope for institutionalized spaces for public participation? If this true then can one argue that it is failure of the government to meaningfully engage with its citizens that results in lower rates of participation.
Science is becoming more costly but what inflation rate index should we use in budgeting or use in long term proposals?
A lo largo de los procesos de dirección, asesoría y acompañamiento de proyectos de investigación basados en metodologías cualitativas, se vienen cometiendo errores que repercuten en la rigurosidad y la calidad de estos estudios:
El error más comúnmente cometido se asocia a seguir lineamientos pertenecientes a la metodología cuantitativa, para orientar problemas eminentemente dados para una aproximación cualitativa.
Entre las fallas observadas tenemos:
1. Utilizar el término variable para dirigirse al problema de estudio
2. Pedir operacionalización de variables.
3. Preguntar por los procedimientos de muestreo con base en la idea de población y muestra.
4. sugerir la aplicación de procedimientos comúnmente utilizados para la creación y validación de instrumentos de medición, para la validación de técnicas cualitativas.
5. Desconocer la naturaleza inductiva y flexible de los enfoques cualitativos(ej. el planteamiento del problema, los propósitos, etc podrán irse modificando a medida que el estudio avance, incluso en las etapas últimas del mismo).
Otro de los problemas presentados y que se asocia con lo mencionado anteriormente es que, en algunas ocasiones quienes asesoran proyectos cualitativos no tienen ni idea de estas metodologías, incluso está sucediendo a nivel de posgrados, conllevando a quien realiza la asesoría a enfocar el estudio desde métodos inadecuados e incluso a cambiar el tema de estudio.
Es fundamental para entender la lógica de la investigación cualitativa, conocer los presupuestos epistemológicos y ontológicos, sobre estos se fundamentan los métodos.
Sigue habiendo un gran desconocimiento acerca de la metodología cualitativa , aun así se le cuestiona , se ponen en tela de juicio sus hallazgos y se reduce a conocimiento no científico.....
There are many factors to consider before starting a new project enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for agribusiness owners and managers.
I am trying to find guidelines for geographical jurisdiction of IEC. Is it true that my institutional ethics committee cannot review a research study which I am doing/leading in a site which is in the same country but far away?
To my knowledge and understanding, it should review with appropriate budgeting by the researcher for site visits and monitoring.
Normally, one use outstanding to GDP ratio as indiator to compare bond market depth across countries. However, different to corporate bond, government bond faces some constraints, including political debates.
The outstanding corporate bonds can possibly grow limitless following the funding needs of the private sectors. Therefore, a deep market is a market that has the highest outstanding to GDP ratio.
In contrast, outstanding governemnt bond is limited to the financing needs of the budget deficit. A country can not increase its governemnt bond issuance beyond the limit. Moreover, a country that posses a higher outstanding government bond is not necessarily better than that who has lower debt.
Thus, what indicator properly measured to indicate market depth of government bond?
1. how to calculate the different components of energy budget using satellite data
2. Which satellite products may help in this regards
3. what are the different models that can be employed
As a developing country like India there is so much opportunity for construction activities not only in the civil construction but also the mechanical and infrastructural too. Most of our construction companies facing problems like delaying the project submission period, back charges, over budgeting etc.
So the concept of lean thinking can be applied to elimate the muda, mura and muri of construction same like in the manufacturing.
I am working on an update of my Encyclopedia of Social Work entry on Management: Financial and would appreciate any tips, suggestions, or sources. The focus will be on human service enterprise, especially accounting, budgeting and financial analysis. I am especially interested in international perspectives on human services financing.
I am primarily concerned with state government, but see no reason for presuming that their technostructures would be different in composition and functions from those of other similar sized entities. Personnel, budgeting, debt management, and procurement policies and practices, probably. IT? collection of accounts receivable? Grants monitoring and acquisition? Cash management? My question was partially inspired by Irene Rubin's observation that cutback management must be centralized at the top of the organization.
All the Countries, whether Developed, Developing, under Developed, have budgetary allocation and generally compare with the National GDP. R&D is basically driven by Public and Private domain. Please giev your suggestion to decide budgetary allocation methods.
Based on research and a wide range of evidence from both public and private sector organizations both in Australia and overseas, the best practices guide on budgeting produced by the Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) in June 2008 details the characteristics and key elements of effective budget management. The guide examined effectiveness of the budget management system at best practice public organizations across three broad dimensions i.e. Embedding the budgeting processes into organizational planning and management; developing and implementing a comprehensive budget; and monitoring and evaluating budgeting performance. These elements were augmented by validation from the literature carried out as part of my study, where it emerged that essential factors that determine effectiveness of the budgeting in both public and private organizations seem to coalesce around these three interrelated elements. So, my question is can i use these three key elements in my case study research, as a means to devise a conceptual framework, for evaluating effectiveness of the budget management system in one public hospital located in Ethiopia, with appropriate modifications to reflect its context?
Thanks in advance for your valuable comments.
Since decades we are working on this aspect with plethora of models, modelers and projects at global scale. Still unit hydrograph, SCS CN and other synthetic means are appearing good enough or atleast base tools/methods. Reason is lack of real field data & commitment at micro scale. Every researcher prefer to work on a table placed in AC room and conducting experimental or other efforts in numerical form with end target of a publication in high impact journal. This weakness of micro level real data and real exposures to ground conditions, and a fear of loosing time & diluted research publication , keep away most researcher away from this challenging difficult task. This is the probable reason in my way of thinking , why even the best rainfall-runoff models are giving equally bad answers/simulations what we get from simpler model, but here it is at higher costs. Researchers are shifting their attention towards high tech water balance water budgeting kind of phenomenon excluding runoff overland component and getting more concentrated on remotely estimated other hydro logical constituents like transpiration evapotranspiration moisture that too via setelite remote or sensors. Some time calling rainfall runoff modeling as ' gone era of hydrological research' I personally feel disappointed with such kind of views. As on day, I am confident enough that even we are not in a position to accurately define or parametrise the loss function in a rainfall runoff modeling and choose its value in very arbitrary manner, what to say about runoff prediction capabilities. Jumping towards a comfort zone just to be concentrated on publication and leaving aside understanding real ground schenerios is what I consider very much worrying situation what I guess/realize.
I am trying to find positive or negative effects of distributing of large sums of intergovernmental transfers in the sense of additional expenditures they may require from the budget-recipient. If the extra outlays are indeed caused could it be the case for unconditional transfers (grants) to be considered as a better instrument for providing the local budgets with the funds the need?
Is there an agreed up on, comprehensive conceptual framework in the accounting literature for evaluating effectiveness of the budgeting system at a meso (organizational) level in case of hospitals ?
I am writing about mental accounting especially mental budgeting. I need more review and detail theoretical about that topic.
I am conducting a study on practices of capital budgeting techniques. I want to study the relationship of Total assets, sales, project life, project size etc (independent variables) with various capital budgeting techniques like NPV, IRR, PB, Real option. etc (dependent variables) among the independent variables 2 are measured at nominal level and four are measured at continuous level. while all dependent variables are dichotomous (used/ not used). How could I frame these relationships theoretically in form of a graphic model.
Creating a presentation for government officials demonstrating the benefits and drawbacks of Program-Based Performance Budgeting, but cannot find any research on any type of impacts. The work I am finding is either institutional change, process evolution, or implementation practices.
Demonstratable impacts at the sub-federal level are preferred, but anything with implied causation is helpful.
Based on the literature review I expect the relation between budget participation (IV) and budget slack (DV) to be not significant, however budget participation seems to play a key role in the development of budget slack through the interaction with other factors. Therefore I expect the variables information asymmetry, budget emphasis and organizational commitment (all 3 MV) to moderate the not significant relation between participation and budget slack. I am also interested in the direct effect of these moderator variables.
My main questions are:
* Is it possible to research moderator interactions on a not significant relation
* Is is possible to use information asymmetry, budget emphasis and organizational commitment both as a moderator- and idependent variable
* Is it possible to perform a OLS Regression on this conceptual model
I am currently analyzing the CAPEX budgeting process regarding bank branches and I am trying to identify possible generalization to retail business of any type (businesses based on store chains).
Thank very much in advance and kind regards!
Can anyone suggest me a good research on budget management and control in public hospitals (preferably a case study type)?
Can u suggest me a good research that has been conducted on budgeting and budgetary control system in a single hospital? Preferably in a public hospital?
I am doing organizational level research on budgeting and budgetary control system in one public hospital, so i need good priori researches that has been conducted on the issue. Thank you in advance for your help.
Hello respected people, i have got one question today. I am looking for information about the budget preparation process in hospitals. As i read from many books, many hospitals follow bottom- up approach. This is to say that various clinical unit heads present their departmental budget requests to the finance department of the organization, which compiles the various components in to the master budget. Then the finance department present the budget request to the budget committee/ the top management . And once all budget negotiation and revisions have been completed between department heads and top managers the budget finally will get approved. But what i want to know is that the extent to which clinicians / medical professionals such as doctors and nurses participate in budgeting process in hospitals. Do clinicians (clinician managers ) in hospitals really have budget responsibility ( in addition to clinical responsibilities) in managing their unit? Of course it may vary from one hospital to another depending on the place/ context but i want to know the practice in which the majority of hospitals follow in different places. Thank you.
The problem is that I need a set of quarterly CAB time series for different countries which don't publish such estimates. So I need some easy way to do calculation proxy. Is it a good idea just to run regression of Primary Surplus in period t on GDP Cycle in period t? The residuals then are an approximation of CAB.
For our research centre I'm trying to find a good software tool that takes care of most/all aspects of contract and grant funded research projects. I haven't found one that integrates applications, financial management, time management, collaboration, all in one place. Does anyone have a tip?
The tool I'm looking for should be user friendly and should handle:
- managing grant / contract applications / tenders
- keeping track of hours worked by team members
- financial tracking
- collaborating during the actual research project
- task management with milestones, automatic reminders
- document editing/revising
- removes the need to send e-mails outside the system
I can find lots of tools that do some of these things, but none that do them all and are actually user friendly. The best thing I found so far is called EMDESK but it's specifically aimed at European research.
If anyone has a good tip you will have my eternal gratitude.. :)
At the outset, let me apologize for sharing this question to all my RG contacts.
In contemporary development agenda, gender responsive budgeting has emerged an effective tool to address gender gaps, if it is applied properly. There are some countries that have implemented the GRB tool in all their sectors/ministries/departments, as well as some countries have given it a try in a few selected ministries/departments/sectors – e.f. education or women affairs– to see the results. How is the situation/level in terms of implementation and the results – if any - of GRB in your country? You can provide your general opinion as well. Any relevant reference will be much appreciated. Thank you in advance for your time in answering this question. Information provided will be very important for me.
Geospatial technologies have succeeded in developing new aspects of research and even, new products, especially at the high-tech sector of the economy. However, there is not enough information for the contribution of GIS to different productive and operating systems in different sectors of economy. Besides the producers of GIS packages, I am not very sure if there are organizations or researchers that could estimate the contribution of GIS in different economic sectors and I would really like to know what methodology they use.
The question is more in prominence in the context of Business Schools all over the world wherein the business community believes that the research being churned out has no relevance to their work or world. Is this an analogous situation with 'popular choice' awards versus 'critics choice' awards in case of film industry?
While unemployment is soaring and government debt is on the rise, some governments have made it a habit to cut down on public frontline services thus making it even harder for the population segment that needs those services, especially those who lost their jobs in the crisis and are struggling to feed their families. How legitimate is such action?
The Pro-Poor Budgeting is expected to contribute to improvement of access of the poor to quality social services and infrastructure.