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Explore the latest questions and answers in Brazil, and find Brazil experts.
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Curriculum
Reform
Brazil
Primary Education
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If you look carefully as how exism movements like Trumpism or Italianism or Brexism or Brazilianism come to exist under majority rule based democracies, they all need the same conditions to exist,....without this condition they can not come to power....
which raises the question, what is the necessary and sufficient condition for an exism movement to come to exist under majority rule based liberal democracies?
What do you think?
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Dear Ludo, thank you for taking the time to write.
Keep in mind, in a normal liberal democratic environment based on majority rule and the independent rule of law, power moves from one normal democratic outcome to another normal democratic outcome through a peaceful transfer of power, where the normal democratic outcome is the one that reflect the majority view rule.....If the current normal democratic outcome is not working in the best interest of the majority as it should, then voters can vote with their HEADS AND FEETS and keep electing normal democratic outcomes that actually reflect the best interest of the majority....If somebody lies to you and you have the power to get rid of him/her with your vote, they you vote him/her out at the first opportunity and bring someone else committed to the best interest of the majority. The voter can use happiness to re-elect RESPONSIBLE normal democratic outcomes or to vote out irresponsable ones to bring in a responsible or more responsible one....
If the majority allows unhappiness to lead to natural full complacency or be the victim of effective targeted chaos induced full complacency, then it allows an extreme democratic outcome to win instead of another normal democratic outcome and then the majority rule process will be held hostage by the minority view as the minority view wins the democratic contest....
The minority view is the exism view, with values contrary to the normal democratic thinking and rule of law as it places the best interest of the exism movement over the best interest of the country and places the best interest of the minority over the best interest of the majority.
So Ludo, to understand the direction where informed and independent rational voter discontent should go to ensure the preservation of the best interest of the majority is always the outcome or where they go to lead to the lost of the best interest of the majority you need to think in terms of NORMAL DEMOCRATIC OUTCOMES/NORMAL LIBERAL DEMOCRACIES and EXTREME DEMOCRATIC OUTCOMES/EXTREME LIBERAL DEMOCRACIES, then you can understand how they can compete for power and persist in power as a competition between normal democratic outcome vrs extreme democratic outcome instead of the USUAL normal democratic outcome agains normal democratic outcome.
Luco, do you have a view on the actual question now that you have the context shared above?: What is the necessary and sufficient condition for an exism movement to come to exist under majority rule based liberal democracies?
If yes, please share that necessary and sufficient condition.
Respectfully yours;
Lucio
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Hello,
I'm currently writing an essay for a university assignment on whether a, presumably hypothetical, clinical trial is ethically justified. I see that the second of the 4 questions that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) prompts you to answer/think about when defining if a study is a clinical trial is: "Are the participants prospectively assigned* to an intervention**?" (https://grants.nih.gov/ct-decision/index.htm)
The question is then further broken down by explaining that "prospectively assigned" refers to a pre-defined process (e.g. randomisation).
The essay question I have reads as follows: An investigator plans to conduct a clinical trial in remote parts of Brazil and Mexico. The trial involves giving children with suspected cutaneous leishmaniasis (a parasitic infection) a newly developed drug treatment over a 3 week period and then collecting a series of samples from them, including stool samples. What ethical issues does this scenario raise, and are they acceptable?
If a researcher is looking to do a clinical trial on children in the rural parts of Mexico and Brazil, I imagine the sampling method here would come under the non-probability sample method purposive sampling (https://www.scribbr.co.uk/research-methods/sampling/) -- Does this still fit what "prospectively assigned" refers to, even if the subjects for the trial aren't randomly chosen?
Also, I'm guessing that the question Are the participants prospectively assigned to an intervention? in full means to ask, 'Are the participants, that have been selected by a method of sampling, assigned to an intervention treatment for the disease the trial is investigating?'
Sorry that this wasn't written very succinctly, it's my first time asking a question on the website and I've only begun my second year of university, so I'm still coming to understand various terminologies.
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As per your query it is prospective. Regarding the sampling purposive technique can be used but it is not the first choice here. For logistic reasons one could do so. I would go with random sampling if the study population is large enough and the disease is of high prevalance. If purposive sampling is used there is a chance of bias creeping in but unlikely to be an ethical issue unless its justified scientifically
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There is a necessary and sufficient condition for exism movements to come to power under majority rule based democracy and rule of law when competing in elections; and there is a necessary and sufficient condition for exism movement to lose power when going through reelection.
Exism movements like Trumpism, Brexism, Brazilianism and Italianism came to power under the same condition to gain power; and both Brazilianims and Trumpism lost power when seeking reelection under the same condition to lose power, Trumpism fell in 2020 and Brazilianism fell in 2022.
And this leads to the question: Under majority rule and the independent rule of law, what is the necessary and sufficient condition for exism movements to lose power?
What do you think?
This is an academic question, please provide your own comments, not third party comments
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Good day Jeffrey, if you are thinking inside the box, you may not be able to see the answer to this question, you need to be able to think outside the box to understand the nature and working of exism movements within democratic contest....Just defining exism will not help you much.....I think you need to read more of what is out there....However, the definition used in my publications is below:
All my publications related to this question directly or indirectly have a list of operational concepts relevant to each question.....
In one of the article EXISM is defined as concept No. 30
30) EXISM, the extreme democratic movements aiming at destroying majority rule based institutions, locally and globally.
Now that you have the concept, the context is: There is a necessary and sufficient condition for exism movements to come to power under majority rule based democracy and rule of law when competing in elections; and there is a necessary and sufficient condition for exism movement to lose power when going through reelection. Exism movements like Trumpism, Brexism, Brazilianism and Italianism came to power under the same condition to gain power; and both Brazilianims and Trumpism lost power when seeking reelection under the same condition to lose power, Trumpism fell in 2020 and Brazilianism fell in 2022.
And this leads to the question: Under majority rule and the independent rule of law, what is the necessary and sufficient condition for exism movements to lose power?
What do you think?
This is an academic question, please provide your own comments, not third party comments
And the question is: Under majority rule based democracies and the rule of law, what is the necessary and sufficient condition for exism movements to lose power?
What do you think?
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I think Yes, what do you think?
Below are some articles with some food for thoughts shared recently in order to understand the nature, structure and expected working of exism movements
Sustainability thoughts 133: Stating the expected step by step road from majority rule based liberal democracies to permanent authoritarianism: The case of the 2016-2020 rise and fall of Trumpism
Moral and Amoral Liberal Democracies: How Targeted Chaos Can Affect the Democratic Process?
The 2016 shift from normal liberal democracy to extreme liberal democracy in the USA: Pointing out the structure of Trumpconomics, its meaning, and its expected local and global implications, both analytically and graphically
Sustainability thoughts 131: How can the shift from normal liberal democracies to extreme liberal democracies be used to extract the democratic structure that leads to the rise of temporary and permanent authoritarianism from within?
Sustainability thoughts 131: How can the shift from normal liberal democracies to extreme liberal democracies be used to extract the democratic structure that leads to the rise of temporary and permanent authoritarianism from within?
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Yusuf, if you look at exism movements from the point of view of an paradigm shift from normal democratic outcomes to extreme democratic outcomes you need an outside the box thinking model to solve the problem of the paradigm shift knowledge gap created, you need new concepts/ideas no found in dictionaries that how the growth of knowledge works if you remember thomas kuhn's paradigm evolution loop.
If you know what exism movements are you can point out to the answer without looking at the specific concepts.
What is your view on the answer to the question?
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I've found this Agaricales at midwest Brazil, countryside. I couldn't had find a identification key that matchs the morphology in whole.
Maybe an Entoloma sp?
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use keys to identify
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The mean time lag from clinical development to use of these agents was 11.13 years (range, 8.57 to 12.90 years) for biological drugs for rheumatoid arthritis in Brazil. How about other countries?
For more information, please see the paper below:
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Yes,sir it's true.
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Stock exchange companies
quality
Brazil
Higher Education
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We addressed this puzzling question in this preprint. Click now:
The article is coming soon. Be the first to know!
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I need help from anyone that could confirm or correct the identification of the species listed in the manuscrito attached "Arsenura and Titaea (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Arsenurinae): new records for the Cerrado of Northeast Brazil "
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Hola Jose, puedo recomendarte a alguien.
No puedo abrir el archivo para verlo, seguimos por e-mail
Mis saludos.
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Hello.
I am studying the variation of nutrient content (especially N and P) in an eutrophicated hypersaline lagoon in Brazil. I would like to better understand the electrochemical behavior of nutrients in water column and/or sediments. This lagoon presents very high oxygented waters, but its sediments exhibit very reducing conditions. If anyone has any suggestion for this issue, it would help me very much. Thank you all.
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I suggest you to carry out some work on sediment oxygen demand (SOD), pore water chemistry (both metals along with P and N), speciation of metals and finally measuring Eh (ORP) of both sediment and pore water. You will get a clearer picture of the aquatic environment that you are working on.
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Current legislation in Brazil for this type of shipment is very confusing (not to say chaotic) and bureaucratic. I would like to know from colleagues who have had this experience how they did to send specimens legally and safely to US institutions.
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It's so simple
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Bioenergetic use of Araucaria angustifolia branches
Araucaria angustifolia was widely exploited in the past for wood purpose
and currently it is on the red list of endangered species in Brazil
As far as we know, there are no data on the extent of this uncontrolled exploitation (Records suggest that its original extension has been reduced to just 12%).
Currently it cannot be cut or managed,
even the branches - which fall naturally at a certain time are not used.
So, we have the following questions:
Is it possible to see the Araucaria tree in a profitable and ecological way at the same time?
How can the use of branches contribute to the conservation of species?
Can the use of co-products (branches) save Araucaria from extinction?
These and other questions are addressed in this study carried out at the State University of Centro Oeste, PR - Brazil and can be accessed FREE of charge for 50 days
by the link
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Rachan
Thank you for the clarification
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Are there data on GDGT in surface sediment to calibrate the paleotemperature in northeastern Brazil or in its vicinity?
Or what would be another suitable proxy to achieve paleotemperature over the continent?
I appreciate the collaboration,
Patricia Piacsek
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Generally speaking, there are two suitable proxies that indicate the paleotemperature conditions. First the δ18Ο in the ocean is increased with glaciation(Raymo and Huybers, 2008), hence increased δ18Ο shows lower temperatures and of course decreased δ18O shows higher temperatures.
Secondly, Planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca, is ideal for the indication of past sea surface temperature(Barker et al.,2005). Higher Μg/Ca shows highter temperatures.
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Hi
I need to down precipitation time-series data in NetCDF format (.nc) for a specific country ( e.g. Brazil or Australia) for a long time period ( 1998-2019) from NASA Earthdata (Giovanni) websites.
I want to down TRMM 3B42 ( Daily data). Please help me to answer the enquiry. Thank you in advance for your time and intellectual contribution.
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Giovanni's (NASA) site gives you the option to download time series data in nectdf format for TRMM 3B42 images, however the time range starts in 1997. Perhaps you should look up precipitation data in NCAR (https: // rda.ucar.edu/).
Greetings.
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Donald Trump's withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement threatens its future. Now, whispers of Brazil's withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement is heard. Seems Brazil's withdrawal influenced by the withdrawal of the USA. Under this situation, will other countries also withdraw from the agreement?
In your opinion, how will the withdrawal of these countries affect the future of this agreement?
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With the departure of Donald Trump, new president has entered the Paris climate agreement.
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We evaluated the degree of increase in coronavirus infection after the holidays in Brazil, and we hope that the data can help prepare health teams to face the pandemic. Are there any surveys like that in your country? we can discuss this issue. Take care!
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Indeed, this is a fact, the number of infections increases after holidays, when people do not adhere to health guidelines, and this is clearly visible in our countries as well ... The risk lies not only in the high rates of infections but also in the possibility that the virus may be subjected to new mutations that may produce new strains of it that are faster widespread and more lethal to humans ... My sincere gratitude to everyone.
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Are the business negotiators more generous when dealing with their counterparts at the workplace, within your country?
I conducted recently research in Brazil with MBA students from all five regions, analyzing statistically N=1,000 negotiations, 500 before and 500 after the pandemic, using the same two-party-one-issue role-play simulation. You will find the answer here: IS THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC PROMOTING MORE EMPATHETIC INTERNAL BUSINESS NEGOTIATIONS?
Nevertheless, I would like to know your opinion about internal business negotiations in your country.
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Internal negotiations have a strong correlation with external ones.
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Hi I am doing soil erosion modelling applying RUSLE equation. But I was searching for the most appropriate and latest method to determine K-factor for a large area like India or Brazil or Australia? Please suggest. Thank you in advance for your time and effort.
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The K factor is determined by soil series or type. At the scales suggested, there are typically many soil series, and thus many or at least several K factors to consider. These could be mapped in GIS by soil type, and then weighted average determined for country by unit area of each soil series.
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Currently, about 60% of the forests of the Amazon region in Brazil are still preserved. Due to constant pressure from loggers, cattle ranchers, prospectors, drug dealers, growing cities, mining, among other man-made activities. All of these economic activities infiltrate the forest area to extract wealth and destroy the forest. This practice has been common since the 1970s and has been accentuated. How can the government control such a large and difficult-to-penetrate border with little money?
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I agree with the previous answers. Another important thing is to reduce illegal logging in the Amazonian forests. I know that many forests are mature, so it is necessary to ensure the planting of young trees
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We are reaching a year since the beginning of the pandemic. During this period, many were without work and many others had reduced earnings, causing difficulties for families. in many countries, as was the case in Brazil, the federal government paid monthly amounts, helping many families with the minimum necessary. In your country, did that happen too? Given the current scenario, are you managing to control spending and keep your family? Thank you in advance for your contributions!
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In this epidemic period, everyone is in the process of rationalizing consumption and trying to control themselves from the desire for excessive consumption, as we stay for a longer period in homes and do online shopping, so we try to control oneself.
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Hello to everyone, I would like your help and maybe expertise. I am from Brazil and we bought a single axis solar tracker which follows the sun E-W to improve energy harvesting during morning and afternoon hours. The thing is, after the selling company installed the tracker for us, we didn't like the fact that the tilt angle is zero, not being optimized for our latitude. 
Is it ok if we dismount the tracker and install it again elevating one of the pillars in order to get the optimized tilt for our location?
Can this affect motor's life span?
Thank you in advance
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Hope you solved your problem.
May I propose a simple solution.
You can leave the construction as it is and add fix a new tilted light weight structure to rest the panels on it.
This modification will be the easiest to make and adds to the trackers an additional tilted plane to support the panels.
Best wishes
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The effectiveness rate of the Chinese vaccine in Brazil was announced as 50.38 percent. What is the latest situation in countries that started getting the vaccine ?
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I am not sure if this relates to the project.
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I following the best answer.
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Dear colleagues,
Since my master's degree at the National Institute for Research in the Amazon, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, I have been working on testing substances derived from dilapiol against Aedes aegypti, verifying the toxic (lethality) and geotoxic (DNA damage) effects of these compounds. Now in my doctorate, I am looking for an experienced researcher in this area who wants to guide me for 6 months in international exchange to strengthen ties between institutions and to partner for scientific production. Any indication?
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Overseas Interest is good but I am not sure that biological substances derived from dilapiol would be allowed in other countries to work upon. you my do your research on your product at your place and get good efficacy data and search a product developer for you. This will be good in this COVID -19 situation also.
wishes for your research
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In my country, Brazil, we don't yet have legislation that makes it possible to compensate for the cost of purchasing of BESS for photovoltaic plants. How is the scenario in your country?
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in the US, it's the developer who has to make that investment decision, by adding storage (BESS) to a PV plant. In fact, the combo has much better economics as the storage can control and improve the power output of the raw PV. The PV funding typically comes from signing power purchase agreement (PPA). Then, the developer uses the PPA to attract the funding from the external investors. The combo gets paid via PPA and the market prices at the node, based on electricity market rules. Does it help?
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  • Fernando Luiz Lobo Barbosa Carneiro, better known as Fernando Lobo Carneiro, born on January 28, 1913, in the neighborhood of Glória -Rio de Janeiro, from a family from Minas Gerais who was already 6 years old, stood out in his studies. He was the son of Otávio Carneiro. Graduated in the engineering course in 1934 at the Polytechnic School of the University of Brazil, now an Engineering School at UFRJ, he was an intern at the reinforced concrete calculation office of Emílio Baumgart having acquired eclectic knowledge for the ¨ calculation of various structures¨ such as the building of the Faculty of Architecture, UFRJ, Ponte Nova Rodoviária over Rio Doce and the oceanic interceptor of Glória and Botafogo. He worked for 33 years at the National Institute of Technology - INT in the area of ​​structural resistance, founded a postgraduate degree in Civil Engineering in Brazil at COPPE, elaborated the method for experimental dosing of concretes that was widely applied in the Brazilian test. Lobo Carneiro was a construction consultant in Rio de Janeiro such as the elevated Paulo de Frontin and the famous Rio-Niteroi bridge, he was also the creator of the engineering group for offshore oil exploration under the Civil Engineering Program at Coppe.
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follow
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Hello, colleagues,
Greetings from Brazil.
I would like to know if you could recommend recently published material (open access, preferably) addressing Jesuits' dictionaries and "artes" from 16th, 17th centuries. I'm interested in their works on the Japanese language, but texts about the structure and approach of their ditionaries/"artes" in general will also help.
Thank you very much!
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Hello Felipe,
Thank you for your answer.
Could you please provide more information on Mack (2010) and Kotani (2010)?
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Latin America is the current epicenter for COVID-19 with more than two million cases and Brazil has already lost its total control with collapsed economy.
At least 7.8 million Brazilians lost work between March and May, according to new figures released by the country’s statistical agency on June 30, 2020.
June 30, CNN
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Dear Muhammed Ashraful Alam the IMF predicts that the world will enter into a recession worst than the Great Depression of 1930, with a preliminary estimation of the economic impact of the crisis at US$ 2 trillion. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that approximately 25 million people could be unemployed and those in informal activities would suffer most from the absence of social protection.
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Brazil insists on using chloroquine as a miracle drug for COVID-19, but it is something that has already been overcome by the rest of the world. What do you think of that?
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Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior It hasn't been proven effective in Covid-19 infection by multiple trials. So, its better not to use at least in Covid-19 infection.
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This discussion aims to show how the world's investment in power generation is. In Brazil, the current investment is made more in photovoltaic and wind power.
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In Ecuador, the fossil energy source is widely used, because this is an oil exporting country. On the other hand, the most widely used renewable source of energy is hydroelectric, because the mountainous regions of Ecuador have favorable conditions for this energetic practice.
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Dear researchers, for my Master's thesis I am looking for data on average annual temperatures and humidity in municipalities of the North Region of Brazil for the period of 2004-2013. Is these data available somewhere?
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If it is useful, check the link below
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What is Brazil's famous food?
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Whenever I visit Brazil, my friends always give me a "caipirinha" to drink and a black bean and meat stew to eat, the famous "feijoada". One nearly moves in the following five or six hours. Highly recommended!
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In federal or descentralized countries with great regional diversity, such as Brazil, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, Spain, and others, should foreign service recruitment policy applies domestic regional representation when choosing new diplomats? If the answer is yes, why? What kind of benefits a regional, state, provincial representation can bring to the country's foreign policy? Does it garantee a domestic equal vision and practice on how the state will or could act in foreign policy?
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I do not know of any country that recognizes regional representation in the foreign service, or in general in the federal public administration.
However, the appointments of ambassadors, when ratified by the Senate, in cases such as the German, that its Federal Council is made up of representatives of the states and has the duty to represent them, we can guarantee that this ratification, the states are represented.
Similarly, Germany includes the Länders in the approval of international treaties that impact them, such as the Maastricht Treaty.
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There is the belief that the rates of infection and fatalities of COVID-19 are lower in the tropics than in the temperate regions of the world. This explains why the disease does not have a devastating impacts on the African continent as some have expected.
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Following.
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Global cases are now more than 15 million and died more than 630,000 from COVID-19. USA has more than 4 million cases, Brazil tops 2.2 million and India has more than 1.2 million cases. Russia has nearly 800,000 COVID-19cases. USA, Latin America and South Asia are still hot spots, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.
JHU recorded the first case of coronavirus in the United States on January 21:
  • It took the country 99 days to reach 1 million cases on April 28.
  • It then took 43 more days to reach 2 million cases on June 10.
  • It took another 28 days to surpass 3 million cases on July 8.
  • It has taken the United States only 15 additional days to surpass 4 million cases.
The US is the global leader in Covid-19 cases, followed by Brazil, India, Russia and South Africa.
24 July, CNN
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Whether COVID-19 will be mother of all pandemics in death and destruction of the World?
Your question is also , but in the mind of most of the people of the world but nobody can definitely answer about the final death toll of COVID-19.
It all depends on if a COVID-19 vaccine can significantly prevent the SARS-CoV-19 transmission and can reduce the lethal complications in COVID-19 affected patients OR the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 self-mutates to a relatively harmless virus like the viruses causing Common cold.
"Hope for the the best, but be prepared for the worst."
Hope God will take pity on the hapless world.
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What would be the objective of this project?
Professor Ana Luiza Cerqueira Freitas
State University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
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A project objective is a statement that describes the “what” of your project. The tangible and measurable “what”. The “what” that's achievable, realistic, and can be completed within the time allowed. These statements ladder up to the goals of the project, providing stepping stones to success.
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In the International Marketing course at Clarion University of Pennsylvania, I want my students to get an opportunity to talk to students in other parts of the world to understand their culture and work on developing a marketing plan. Please let me know, if anybody is interested in joining hands or passing some leads. I can then share more details and a plan to collaborate.
Thank you
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It is very interesting, however the language barrier can prevent the experience from being more comprehensive.
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I have been following your research for years and I would love to expand to Brazil and to contribute using my expertise on older adults in Mexico.
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yes
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On a daily basis, SEN students are part of the reality of ordinary classes in Brazil and, most of the times, in a 28-student group, teachers might have 3 diagnosed children and 15 other demonstrating some kind of deviance of what could be expected from a 'normal' pupil. How could we help teachers to orient their practice to deal with these students?
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Les enseignants ont la capacité de diviser la cohorte en groupes homogènes appelés groupes d'apprentissage coopératif, à condition que l'évaluation soit basée sur le taux du groupe.
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It started with just above 3 million cases at the beginning of May and end the of the month it passed 6 million globally. USA & Europe at last have shown success to control the spread of pandemic and started to reopen with few behavioral guidelines. Latin America is now current epicenter for Covid-19 and South Asia is another hot spot. Brazil is struggling the most to find out anymore larger graveyard. Peruvians are crying for oxygen. Indians don't find anymore empty bed in hospital.
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Brazil is over A MILLION infected now and deaths are over 50 THOUSAND. Situation is spinning out of control and in some states non-essential businesses are reopening. Brace yourselves for numbers of 6 digits in the death toll here by the end of July if no serious strategy against the pandemic is taken. That's the situation. Updates in a couple of weeks if I am not the next.
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Hi, I have a special interested in Scale-worms polychaetes. I do have some specimens of Harmothoe sampled in Brazil that matches with Muir's decription of H. minuta from Hong Kong. So I wonder if you will also revise the scale worms as well? It would be great to have a detailed redescription some scale worms from Honk Kong region.
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Brazil's big cities start to reopen, fueling fears of another deadly Corona virus wave
(June 11, CNN)
Post lockdown party infects 180 in India (June 11, BBC).
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It's time for us to learn how to live with Corona virus.
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Brazil, the third most bereaved country in the world with more than 35,000 deaths, has stopped communicating about the coronavirus and deleted statistics on the epidemic from an official website. In addition, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro is constantly defying the instructions of his own government. How to deal with such a situation?
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Soical distancing and wearings masks is one possible solution.
But rather difficult without a lockdown or curfew.
And nearly impossible for the poor in slums...
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My question is something apart from the natural hair growth cycle from anagen to telogen phase and more about "length retention", i.e. the ability to grow the hair with minimal breakage and the need for cutting. What I understood from internet forums, African-descent hair textures are often susceptible to acquired distal trichorrhexis nodosa, split ends and mid-shaft split hairs, even though the curvature is looser than "Type 4" (for example, when a person is from mixed descent). I have understood that the degree of kinking (torsion twists) and the flatter cross-sectional shape also influence the resilience of the cuticles and the cortex. But there are also cases of African persons who are able to achieve very long hair (e.g. 90 cm/35 inch) without significant breakage.
Furthermore, I often see through social media platforms pictures/videos of Brazilian persons with tightly curled hair ("Type 3B" or "3C") who are able to grow their hair to great lengths, like 90 cm/35 inch and longer.
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This isn't something I know much about, but looked to see if I could find any more academic articles about this as you'd only mentioned forums and despite the fact that you asked your question on 6 March, no-one responded.
Dias, M. F. R. G. (2015). Hair cosmetics: an overview. International journal of trichology, 7(1), 2.
Cloete E et al. (2019) The what, why and how of curly hair: a review Proc Math Phys Eng Sci. 2019 Nov; 475(2231): 20190516.
Velasco, M. V. R., Dias, T. C. D. S., Freitas, A. Z. D., Júnior, N. D. V., Pinto, C. A. S. D. O., Kaneko, T. M., & Baby, A. R. (2009). Hair fiber characteristics and methods to evaluate hair physical and mechanical properties. Brazilian Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 45(1), 153-162.
Cloete, E., Khumalo, N. P., Van Wyk, J. C., & Ngoepe, M. N. (2019). Systems approach to human hair fibers: interdependence between physical, mechanical, biochemical and geometric properties of natural healthy hair. Frontiers in physiology, 10.
Very best wishes,
Mary
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Hi,
I am working on Spatial data analysis in emerging economies. I am looking for state-wise crime data for Brazil.
Can you please guide me?
Thanks
Abdul
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Thank you Michael J. Lynch .
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I am PhD student at the University of São Paulo (USP - Brazil) and I would like to request data from SAGE-Wave 1. I and my advisor (PhD Dalmo Machado - https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dalmo_Machado) have tried to access the WHO platform (https://apps.who.int/healthinfo/systems/surveydata/index.php/catalog/sage) to request data. But we can't. When we completed the form, the option to submit our proposal is not available.
I hope you could help me in this or other way.
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Thank you very much for responding.
Thank you very much for responding and for working to correct these issues.
Thank you so much for your help.
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I'm interested in your research & I would be gratefull if you could provide the full-text. I am working with clinical thermography since 2008 and we have an autism treatment in Brazil. There are many challenges in registering themal images with autism pacients. What camera are you using for your research?
We could make a good use of this solution if monitor those data with different emotional crisis comparing the before and after between each session.
Best regards
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The improvement may or may not lead to negative results
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I want to find an Autogenic Training Society in Brazil. I am a Trustee of the British Autogenic Society, I am beginning the American Autogenic Society, and I am a chapter on Autogenic Training to a text book. I to list a few societies, worldwide in the chapter. I cannot easily find AT Societies in South and Central America - am starting to search.
I see that Dr Bernardino Fernández Calvo supervised Jose Santos' research on AT/anxiety. Would you kindly pass my message to Dr Fernández Calvo? Or if you know of any Autogenic Societies, kindly advise me?
Thank you,
Very gratefully, Ruth Naylor
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Hello
In Tunisia, in the north of Africa, we have started training and intervention work with different groups using the Schultz Autogenic Training technique.
This is a working group carried out with nurses and residents in a psychiatric hospital, with children with social difficulties and especially for high-level athletes. A total of 16 group interventions.
We have created T- Group The association of those interested in psychosociology. Autogenic training is one of the training themes for our members.
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Dear Colleges,
I am head of the research group on Molecular Studies and Experimental Therapy, based in the Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco, located in the Northeast region of Brazil. My group, until 2019, had as main focus the cancers related to HPV. However, with the COVID-19 pandemic, we were requested, by the municipal and state governments, to participate in facing this disease.
In this sense, we redirected our line of research to work with SARS-CoV-2. We intend to use our skills to develop studies of COVID-19 and vaccine strategies. However, we face the difficulty that this virus needs level 3 laboratory safety. We only have a level 3 Lab, and it is overloaded.
In an attempt to find a way out of this difficulty, I thought of producing Pseudotyped Vesicular Stomatitis Virus for Analysis SARS-CoV-2.
In this way, I would like to know if any colleague could kindly send me the plasmids necessary for this development accompanied by the protocols, if possible.
I await a response from the community in the hope that this contribution will be possible.
Regards,
Dr. Antonio Carlos de Freitas
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Hello!
If you get facility, we will support your effort by sending your some potential candidates (see attached doc).
All our encouragements but stay safe.
ALLAH HAFIZ
Taibi BEN HADDA
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Dear colleagues, I'm looking for a full PDF version of the book "Marine Plants of the Caribbean: a field Guide de Florida to Brazil". Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington D.C.,1989. By Littler et al.
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Alguém possui alguma informação sobre as áreas prioritárias para a conservação da biodiversidade, estabelecidas pelo Ministério do Meio Ambiente do Brasil em 2004? Diferente daquelas já disponibilizadas no sítio oficial do governo, que constam no seguinte link: http://areasprioritarias.mma.gov.br/processo-de-avaliacao-2004
Alguma coisa parecida com os procedimentos metodológicos adotados na época ou uma publicação que discuta e descreva as áreas selecionadas? (sem ser as tabelas básicas de descrição e o map original).
Does anyone have any information on the priority areas for biodiversity conservation, established by the Ministry of Environment of Brazil in 2004? Different from those already available on the official government website, which are listed in the following link: http://areasprioritarias.mma.gov.br/processo-de-avaliacao-2004
Something similar to the methodological procedures adopted at the time or a publication that discusses and describes the selected areas? (other than the basic description tables and the original map).
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I think everywhere, because species are usually endemic to local areas
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Research on beer consumption in these 2 countries
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I currently study the possibility of an environmental assessment of viable biowaste management systems for São Paulo, Brazil. The objective of the study is to support policy decision making in a strategic scope. This inevitably led me to a life cycle assessment (LCA). Although, several obstacles led me to consider modelling it in Microsoft Excel:
- Softwires and inventories for life cycle are normally paid, a not viable option to non-funded research in developing countries.
- The objective is to develop a viable framework to municipalities/states with low technical and economic capacity. Excel is a simplified, yet the most viable option to make it accessible for policy making.
- Brazil does not have an extensive and consistent life cycle inventories database yet. Thus, most databases have a huge uncertainty about Brazilian conditions, as these are based on different environmental conditions for emission factors (as example use on land emissions of fertilizers in tropical soil). In this context, inventories in national reports, thesis and other sources present as more convincing sources of data.
- LCA softwires and inventories normally are not as transparent as Excel in allowing several changes in programming code, simulation, etc.
So, is it scientific accurate yet or would it not be considered a LCA as do not follow good practices guidelines (as ILCD)?
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Victor Hugo Argentino de Morais Vieira you have yourself included the answer to your question in the end. Here is my take on your points:
- Calculation (not modelling) in excel is possible but has its own limitations. With the help of characterization factors you can at the most calculate carbon and energy footprints but not other impacts. Plus it will not be possible to create all the background processes in excel as mentioned by Edwin.
- You can write to the SimaPro distributor in Brazil who can make the academic version available to you free of cost.
- Yes, excel is easy but would you want the policy makers to see the results and your recommendations or give them the excel to understand ?!
- Unit based (not system based) processes in SimaPro are extremely transparent and you can see every input and output of all the background processes. You can copy and create your own processes if the local inputs are different. I would not be worried about the code and simulations as long as I have all the inventories of background processes in front of me.
- Finally your last point is the key.....Yes it will not be technically accurate to conduct LCA in excel as your results will give the incomplete and biased picture. Plus it will be difficult for you to answer all the queries in case you go for ISO /third party review of your report.
Since you want to conduct it for policy makers, I would suggest to go for a complete and technically correct LCA as per the ISO guideline. All the best!
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We, the organizers of the 2nd International Workshop on Software Engineering for Healthcare (SEH 2019) held in conjunction with ICSA 2020, in Salvador, Brazil, would like to kindly invite you to participate in this workshop, which will occur on Monday, March 16th.
We will have an exciting keynote about Health 4.0 by Dr. Paulo Oliveira Antonino head of the Embedded Software Engineering department of the Fraunhofer Institute for Experimental Software Engineering (IESE) in Kaiserslautern, Germany. 
Additionally, we will discuss research works and cases studies on interesting topics of: 
  • Agile development of medical software
  • Apps for diagnostic support
  • Data mining applied in medical systems
  • Security, risk management, compliance, and conformity assessment of medical devices and Apps, and EHR systems
  • Technology applied for medication traceability
Program and registration information are available in https://tinyurl.com/seh2020
We hope to see you in Salvador, Brazil!
Our best regards,
SEH 2020 Organizing Committee
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ok dear Lina Garcés
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Hello I need to do a silicon corrosion using KOH. However, it is first necessary to remove the oxide layer with HF. Is there a common metal mask used in this process?
Thank you!
Greetings from Brazil
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Better use a polymeric coating to mask the top side.But you need to see about the thickness pf the mask,it will depend upon the thickness of Silicon you want to etch.
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In Brazil we have two predominant species of ants (Atta sexdens and Atta laevigatta), the colonies of both ants developing in noticeable nests due to loose soil volume.
Currently for the control of these nest ants we have only used chemicals, considering being formulated and applied: in bait (sulfluramid and fipronil), in powder (deltamethrin) and in termo-fogg (permethrin and fenitrothion).
I would like to know what is being used / marketed in your region to control leaf-cutting ants of the genus Atta sp.
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In Colombia we use an Integrated Pest Management Strategy to control de Leafcutting ants (Atta cephalotes and related species). First the measurement of the nest is essential to determine the most appropriate type of control to perform and calculate the amount of product needed.The manual control is used only for small nests within the first three months, between the bridal flight and the opening of the first orifice. The manual destruction of the nest and the queen is done by using a shovel or pin, since the chamber is only 20-30 cm deep. Chemical control with powdered formicides for small and medium-sized nests through the use of the insufflator so that the product penetrates into the chambers. Do not apply the dust on the roads because it only controls the ants in transit, but do not eliminate the anthill, besides it contaminates the soil. For large nests, the thermal Fog Generator are useful using a dose of 50 cm3 of chlorpyrifos per liter of ACPM (Diesel Fuel) at the rate of one minute of thermospray per 10 m2 of nest. Toxic baits, in the form of a pellet based on sulfluramide or avamectin. Use 8 to 10 grams per square meter of nest. They should be applied on dry days and with gloves, placed in mounds on the side of the road near the forage mouth so that the workers load them up to the nest. Never apply inside the nest. Likewise, baits based on entomopathogenic fungi such as Metarrhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana and antagonists such as Trichoderma lignorum contaminate the fungus symbiote Leucoagaricus gongylophorus of the leafcutting ant, causing the death of the colony.
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In Brazil, gender and race inequalities are important factors of differences in higher education trajectories. Are they analyzed in the project?
Also: teachers' education is strongly affected by racial inequalities. Do they have impacts on the production of inequalities in primary and secondary education?
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Dear Colleagues.
Thanks a lot. To Behtoui I'll read your article and share some comments.
To Gary: thank you for this information. There are similar problems in the Brazilian academic profession. But the majority of teachers in primary and secondary schools are women and Afro-Brazilians. They get low salaries. Some studies try to establish which could be the social barriers that keep women, poor and black students distant from the better undergraduate courses, most of them in public and tuition-free institutions. Academicism and traditionalism are hypothesis related to social values that are dominant in the university. Unfortunately.
Best regards
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Congested streets and avenues, high temperature, poor sanitation and social barriers. These are just some of the main problems that large urban centers have in Brazil. What are the main problems in your country and actions that can be taken to make cities more sustainable and healthier?
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Finding a peer to treat the waste that the establishment offers with all its varieties, cultivating a green area with a ratio of a balanced area with the built-up area, spreading a culture of personal and public hygiene, and setting strict laws to ensure everyone's commitment
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I am a master student in Brazil and would like to know if it would be possible to share the Matlab files corresponding to this work (Matlab-code for Traffic Flow Comparison of Roundabouts and Crossroads). Thanks a lot.
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i think that Santiago is right
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Dear colleague, you are being invited to respond to this research, which is an essential part thesis by  Fernando Dovichi, a doctorate at the Federal University of Itajubá in Brazil. It will take no more than 5 minutes to answer the questionnaire. Thank you for your collaboration. Evaluation link attached: https://forms.gle/yWefEXzkzyqo6XFG7 Best regards Fernando Bruno Dovichi Filho
UNIFEI / Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering, Energy Area.
if you already answered the survey, please disregard
#ELECTRICITYGENERATIONBIOM
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Biomass energy is a relatively clean, renewable energy source involving the use of organic matter that collected energy from the Sun and converted it into chemical energy when it was alive. It is a renewable source because the facility is constantly growing and absorbing the energy of the Sun, especially where biomass crops are grown. Most of the biomass energy comes from plants that have collected the Sun's energy through photosynthesis. This form of energy has been used by humans for thousands of years since humans began burning wood to get heat. Advances in technology have enabled the use of biomass energy in a wide range of applications, including liquids and gases used as biofuels for transportation.
One of the main advantages of biomass energy is that it produces fewer harmful greenhouse gases than fossil fuel-based alternatives. Biomass energy produces less carbon than fossil fuel energy. Greenhouse gas and carbon dioxide emissions can also be reduced through the use of biomass energy sources, as these gases are produced by organic matter if it is left to decay without being used for any purpose.
Another environmental benefit of biomass energy is that it produces lower levels of sulfur dioxide, which is a major component of acid rain. Biomass energy is easily sustainable if crops are handled and managed efficiently, and is available wherever plants can be grown. Another advantage of biomass energy is that it can be used for a variety of purposes, including heat production, fuel for cars, and power generation.
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Research for a TV show. References and links appreciated.
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From quora.com: 📷Juan Pablo Forero, Artist and reader of arts and all kinds of books in various subjects.Answered Mar 4, 2016
Originally Answered: How does money laundering using art work?
Money laundering has to do with using illegal money to buy legal stuff and then you sell the object you buy and then the money is legal. So they buy art pieces and then sell them. Then when they are asked about the money, they just say they got it by selling art works. And they do that not only with art but as I said, with any object that is valuable enough and easy to sell. The idea is to hide the origin of the money so the more layers you put, the hardest is to trace it. But that kind of money affects a lot economy. For example, here in Colombia, drug lords used to laundry money by buying not only art but also land, so the price in certain places got to absurd levels and that also affected prices in other aspects. Money laundry affects us all, even if you don't see it.
📷
Caleb Kiu, knows a little bit about Money Laundering Answered Mar 31, 2016
Originally Answered: How does money laundering using art work?
A2A.
As mentioned in my answer to Do people buy expensive art to launder money, an expensive art piece may be used to transfer money across border and hide illicit gain.
Besides that, there are other ways which an expensive art piece may be used to launder money. The underlying principle is this: there is no "standard answer" on how to launder money. Money laundering is more like an art than a science. As long as the whole process looks logical, reasonable and realistic, it is up to your creativity how you want to launder money with it!
Ok, an example to how to launder money with expensive art pieces:
  1. You start with a sum of dirty money, say, 1 million dollars in cash.
  2. You look out for an auction event and look for some art masterpieces to bid for.
  3. You use up your 1 million dollars dirty cash in exchange for a number of art masterpieces.
  4. You bring those art masterpieces to the bank, take up a loan amounting to 900,000 dollars (or even 1 million if you have good connection), using the art masterpieces as collaterals.
  5. You now have clean money loaned from the bank.
Depending on countries and their banking and auction regulations, this method may not work. But I heard that it has worked in "some countries".
Another example:
  1. You start with a sum of dirty money.
  2. You visit some really famous artists and buy up all their paintings with your dirty cash.
  3. You assign an auction house to help you in auctioning these art pieces that you have bought.
  4. The art pieces you sold off at the auction will be paid by the buyer or the auction house, depending on the arrangement. (I am not too sure).
  5. You now have clean money by selling off your art collections.
The risk, of course, is that you may not be able to cash out so soon as not every art piece is wanted by collectors/buyers. You may need to do a few auctions to sell off everything. This is like a "long term money laundering" plan.
If you really want to "go long term" and "launder money like a Pro", you can even manipulate the price of an art piece and make some extra money along the way:
  1. You start with a sum of dirty money. Or clean money is ok too.
  2. You visit some not-so-famous but have-good-potential artists. Buy up their paintings at cheap prices. Sign a long term contract to buy up all their future paintings. Sponsor these artists to showcase their work frequently and build their reputation. Pay these individuals with dirty money. Or clean money is ok too.
  3. Send a few piece of paintings to auction houses. Make arrangement to bid them at sky high prices! To make things not too obvious, you need to raise the bid price gradually over some time. Long term plan, remember?
  4. Now that these not-so-famous artists are made famous by you and their art pieces made expensive by you, you can now start selling their art pieces at much higher prices! You now have clean money, made from selling those "expensive" art pieces.
  5. Or you can take up a loan with the bank and use these "expensive" art pieces as collaterals. That is also clean money, from the bank.
As you can see, there are many ways to launder money with expensive art pieces, you are only limited by your own imagination and creativity!
Disclaimer: The above information is for general knowledge and does not constitute an advice. Money laundering is illegal and comes with heavy penalties!
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I posted the thesis "Mass introduction of electric passenger vehicles in Brazil: impact assessment on energy use, climate mitigation and on charging infrastructure needs for several case studies". In the final process of upload presented an error. Pls, how can I generate a DOI number for this document?
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Kindly, you could read the related information in the following link:
Good luck & best regards.
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In the media, we have several cases of problems with photovoltaic installations. In Brazil, no is different, rapid growth has created a large number of companies that do not have enough knowledge to design a suitable photovoltaic system. In your country have this problem? What is being done to eliminate this problem?
Is any work at your university studying this phenomenon?
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In Oman, 15 years back, less than ten companies do PV system installation. Today, around 100 companies are working in this field. Nevertheless, these companies have a license from the authorities. However, as an expert in the field, there are many technical and economic aspects which are not taken into consideration by many of these companies.
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While investigating about French women botanists in the XIXth Century I chanced upon two herbarias, made from plants collected in Brazil.
I am looking for someone who could help to evaluate the scientific interest of these (for both Brazilian floristic and Brazilian botany history).
Any hint is welcome.
Regards
marc
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Thank you Sir,
the case is definitely Brazilian.
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Hello everyone,
I am trying to bring a line cell of a mammary gland from Brazil to Chile. From the University of Sao Paulo, to be more specific. However, in order to bring them cryopreserved, they must travel in dry ice, a product that is difficult to pass through both borders.
That is why I am trying to see the possibility of bringing them in T75 flask with a lot of culture medium through DHL. So I am looking for someone from Brazil, hopefully from the University of Sao Paulo, that can offer me the services of cultivating my cell line and then to send me Flask T75 from Brazil to Chile. The idea is that if the cells arrive to Chile dead for some reason, there is backup cells in the laboratory in Brazil. Therefore, the service I need, would be to grow cells and to make a backup of these cells to keep in their lab. These cells do not require anything special. To grow these cells you will only need to use DMEM medium with 10% FBS and 1% antibiotics in an oven with 5% CO2 and at 37 ° C - 38.5 ° C.
We will run with all the costs. At the moment my cells are in a laboratory of the University of Sao Paulo and I need to be able to bring them urgently. This because I need them for my doctoral thesis. I already tried to bring them through World Courier but it is extremely expensive to do so.
Anyone who is able to help me please contact me through my email: e.munoz09@ufromail.cl
Thank you for your attention!
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hi
By an air traveler, you can transfer the cell to your laboratory immediately after defrizzing and placed in a 15 ml falcon's tube include complete culture medium for 12 to 24 hours.
good luck
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Conservative political thinking (Trump in the US, Bolsonaro in Brazil) is advancing in many countries. Apparently this has specific characteristics, related to the spirit of time (zeigeist). My research aims to know what types exist.
(I ask you to recommend this question to broaden its scope)
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Very much Critical w.r .t Social & Political Scienario.
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I know there are some theories to explain this, but I would like to hear your opinion.
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Hi Fabiano. This theme was the subject of a presentation I recently gave at a congress. Far from trying to answer the question, I discussed some aspects that could, together, prevent or hinder the reurbanization of transmission. I will briefly comment on them ahead.
First of all, it should be clear that under urban transmission, humans act as the main source of mosquito infection (Ae. aegypti). Thus, among the factors that could hinder the establishment of the virus in urban areas, vaccination coverage is one of the main ones. Unlike the sylvatic transmission scenario, in which humans have little or no importance as a source of infection, in urban transmission the vaccine would confer herd immunity.
Interspecific competition between YFV and DENV, ZIKV and other flaviviruses is not fully understood either in mosquitoes (direct competition; reduced susceptibility to YFV when infected by another virus?) nor in hosts (indirect competition; cross-immunity? Original antigenic sin?), and could partially explain the issue.
Studies on experimental infection of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus (mainly by Lourenço-de-Oliveira and colleagues) suggested lower susceptibility to YFV compared to DENV. It is speculated that after the eradication of Ae. aegypti in Brazil and other Latin American countries in the 1950s, the lineage that recolonized Brazil in the 1960s originated from Central America, which would be less susceptible to YFV than African lineage mosquitoes. Moreover, urban epidemics in Africa generally occur in scenarios with very high infestation rates (BI > 25%), values ​​unusual to find in Brazil.
Despite all these factors, the risk of reurbanization should not be overlooked. Considering that ecological processes are dynamic, virus circulation in metropolitan regions during the last years provided the best chances of YFV adaptation, although there is no evidence of transmission by Ae. aegypti so far. Whether this will really occur remains unknown, so surveillance must be sensitive to changes in the epidemiological profile of the disease to act in a timely manner. With any luck, vaccination and vector control could prevent most of the expected cases and deaths, as was achieved in the 1930s and 1940s.
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I need this material, because some producers are having problem with other mites, and here in Brazil we don't have any material about monitoring and sampling methodology.
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Dear Leonardo,
Do you know what kind of mites are being sampled? If they're foliar eriophyoid mites, then that might encourage experts on these mites to reply. Likewise, those of us who work on spider mites might be more likely to share knowledge if that's the problem group of mites.
Techniques of sampling are probably similar, and in a broad sense I answered a similar question late last year. See:
I hope that helps get you started. If they're eriophyoid mites, then how you count them could be different (e.g. washing leaves, then counting a sample in a gridded petri dish). If you link populations with damage, then damage scores can also be useful.
Kind regards, Owen.
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Hello, I'm starting one research to see how different countries use the Distance Learning for teaching healthcare students like Nurses, Physicians, etc. In Brazil we're having a great discussion by the legal allowance of our Education Ministry for the oppening of Distance Learning Bachelors courses. So I wanted to know how different countries work with this situation.
Thank you very much!
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I teach online and write my own virtual simulations and virtual lessons that I use.
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Is this always so?
Is police/military intervention part of the problem or the solution to crime?
See what is happening in Brasil now:
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After all, local laws set the standard?
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I am looking specifically for carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide data to track the fire that is occurring in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil.
I can't keep my arms crossed.
Greetings and hopefully they take action on the matter.
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Thank you very much for your answers!
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Dear colleagues,
I'm looking for databases that contain temperature and rainfall information (and, if possible, relative humidity) by month and year, between 2007 and 2018, for southern Brazil. Specifically, I would like to access files in raster format. If there is a database ready, like Worldclim, but with discrimination per year, or indication of which satellites I could use, I would be immensely grateful.
Best regards,
Marília
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Caro Dr. Vitor Nascimento,
Obrigada pelo link. Eu entrei em contato com o INMET e eles me enviaram os dados das estações meteorológicas em CD via correio. O problema é que os dados não estão interpolados, e eu teria que fazer esse trabalho. Devido a minha falta de experiência com interpolações, eu preferi procurar algo pronto. Em minhas pesquisas encontrei a base de dados do Chelsa-Climate (<http://chelsa-climate.org/>); ela possui dados até 2016 (: Acredito que vou ficar com ela por enquanto.
De qualquer maneira eu agradeço pela resposta!
Respondi tudo isso para deixar o link do Chelsa, caso alguém precise.
Abraços.
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I wanna talk about some projects that i am studying here, in sergipe, Brazil...
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I do
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I am currently evaluating data (baseline measurements) of participants, who originate from all over the world (mainly Dutch though). The aim is to identify differences between “ethnicities”. In the study I work in, definitions were previously made such as ethnicity is defined as country of origin of parents.
After long search and comparison of several articles with each other, I could identify groups which are more often used in research. To my research the following applies the most at the moment: The largest group is Dutch, the second largest from the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) and thereafter Europeans/North America.
Now, I have about 100 participants remaining who are from other countries e.g. China, Brazil, Caribbean islands, and most of them actually have mixed ethnicities (e.g. one parent is Dutch and the other from Brazil or Morocco and again, there are many more combinations). Within this, participants with the same or similar background are very small in group size (e.g. 2 - 8 people), so it is not possible to treat them as separate groups. And obviously I cannot just treat all remaining ones as one group. In that case, is it "better" to exclude them from the analysis?
I am not an expert in social sciences and I am aware that this questions does not have one straight forward answer, but at this point I don’t know how to continue anymore.
Maybe there are helpful resources that I did not come across yet about this topic?
I’d appreciate any comments, ideas, suggestions!
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