Questions related to Botany
I am interested in shortening plant names that I have in my phyotosocialogical table. In fact, I would like to carry analyses with Vegan Package, but as the plants names are too long I have been advised to shorten them. However, I want to know whether or not there is conventional code to shorten plants names (the genera and the specific epithet at the same time.
Light (PAR) is necessary for photosynthesis. But how to calculate the minimum amount of sunlight necessary for the expected growth of a crop( no crop loss ) and beyond this PAR the plant is considered to be subjected to low light stress?
Is there any paper of systematic protocol?
In the advent of climate change, conditions suitable for local species could be significantly altered. Hence, planting characteristic tree species of the planting sites may not be feasible. There are several pieces of literature recommending the use of composite provenance in order to restore climate-resilient characteristic tree species/forests. However, the issue of outbreeding depression is a concern. So, my question is: in the advent of climate change, would it be wise to use planting material from composite provenance for forest restoration?
How can you say leaves are fresh in terms of its moisture content? Is a 100% moisture content possible? Does it mean that plant leaves that were harvested and subjected right away to IR moisture balance will give us a result of somewhere near 100%?
On the other hand, does "dried leaves" have specific moisture content values to be regarded as "dried" e.g. moisture content should be below a certain percent (10%).
For reference, I am studying Cymbopogon citratus leaves.
I did the assembly of chloroplast genomes for some Boraginaceae species, in a few species, I got an orientation problem where the rbcl gene position is within the circular shape in a clockwise direction, and the atpB and atpE genes position is are outside the circular shape in the anti-clockwise direction (please see the picture), and this is a different result from most assemblies of chloroplast genomes that have been published !!!. (usually, the rbcl gene is outside the circular shape and in the anti-clockwise direction while the atpB and atpE genes are within the circular shape and in a clockwise direction)
I am using Chlorobox to draw the gene map after Novoplast finishes the assembly, this issue happened with only two of 7 samples, the two samples are from the same family !!!, I change the seed and reference many times and still got the same result.
Any idea what I need to fix this?
I am planning on bringing some plant material (leaves of carnivorous plants) from Ireland to the UK, the leaves will be stored in buffer/ silica.
One of the plants is CITES listed I know I will need the permit for that but I am unclear what if any phytosanitary/ other permits or certificates I will need to bring the leaves over. Most of what I read on government websites talks about bringing in live material or restricted plant parts (goods requiring prior notice).
If anyone with more experience with this can help me with a list of what I should make sure I have filled in that would be greatly appreciated.
I think it would be wiser to unite all the flora of the world first. In today's world, where the mobility of species and globalization have increased, limited local or country flora is no longer sufficient. For this, we must combine the family identification keys and number the species like a license plate, so that each species has a code number. Even if the name changes, the code remains the same. Endemics should be lettered with their own country code and Continents with their own code. (endemic, Asia, Turkey, 1750) ASTUR11750, or (America, USA, 18420) AMUSA18420. This code can then be associated with local names.
I have a manuscript which is a combination of literature review and research. I have asked Plant Journal and Journal of Experimental Botany. They do not publish hybrid papers.
Anyone knows what journals that accept hybrid paper of review and research?
I would say most invasive alien plants are synanthropic species in that they were introduced intentionally for horticulture or other cultivation purposes, or they were unintentionally introduced but are 'weeds' that thrive in disturbed areas and associated with cultivation at some point. I'm struggling to think of good examples of non-synanthropic invasive plants, but I can think of animal examples.
How many times greater will the elastic modulus of the trunks of mature urban street trees be than that of their seedlings? For example, Acacia confusa. Thank you for your generous help and suggestions.
I wonder that if I would know the mathematical relationship to find the root propagation of a fibrous rooted coconut tree (Coccus nucifera) or a tap rooted mango tree (Mangifera indica) then I can excavate the entire plant safely and install it in a better place if I need to have a building construction where already a tree was planted. This would be the most sustainable approach considering the human requirements and ecosystem wellbeing.
I will appreciate it if someone can share it with me because it is not available on the journal's website.
In addition to transpiration and assimilation, which physiological, anatomical or morphological traits you think could have significant impact on water use efficiency in plants?
Moreover which WUE assessment technique you find to be the most robust and representative?
Between the new plant species and the plant subspecies exists narrow differences, When somebody can decide it? what are the essential elements to do it?
Suppose we have the data for the number of flowers, fruits, branches, leaves (R1=3; R2=3; R3=4; Mean 3.33).
I took some samples of a plant and their seeds and I leave in germination. when I make this process this plant start to make a smell like onions or I don´t know sulfur odor. I need to know the name of this plant, I can´t find the relationship of odor with this type plant.
Foresters usualy use a clinometer to calculate the tree height. These can be quite expensive to buy, but I don't know if using smartphone apps is accurate enough for measure canopy height. Do you recommends using automatic clinometer apps for field research ?
Generally in botany, angiosperms endosperm is triploid except basal angiosperms, i.e. ANA grade which have diploid endosperm (link attached). So now I am asking: what about magnoliids?
What do we know about the process of double fertilization and endosperm ploidy of magnoliid seeds?
NOTE to "the commenter": I would appreciate it very much if you leave my TOPICS tags untouched!
I've been collecting & planting seeds of butterfly host plants for the restoration program. And I need research references especially for tropical Southeast Asia native species (include all types of herbs, bush, or shrubs). I looking forward to having some recommendations from botanical experts.
Legumes and Ficus tree is strong candidate as reforestation starter and able to grow in harsh condition. Both are important agent for fixing soil quality.
But in term restore forest birds habitat, which one is can profide more ecological service? Which on is needed first? Ficus to support frugivores species or Legume as insect refugia to attract insectivores?
According to the evaluations we have made among our colleagues on this subject and our own inquiries, another requirement has emerged. This means that there is a lack of standardization of the numbers used in the world's herbaria and given as the plant type codes. For example, for a plant samples of a species, collected from Turkey, stored in Geneva (G) herbarium, it has a different codes in other herbarium. For this reason, the species should be presented with the herbarium codes to be added to the country origin codes. Or some other digitising and coding systems. In this way, both the origin is indicated and even the collected plants can be classified. What do you guys think about it?
"TUR-G 125" instead "G 125"
Country codes are given below:
Is it appropriate to name organisms after people? Names convey messages and reflect attitudes! Is it ethically appropriate to dedicate a plant or animal to a person for whatever reasons? Sandra Knapp, Maria S. Vorontsova, and Nicholas J. Turland refer to this as "symbolic ownership" in "A Comment on Gillman & Wright (2020)" in Taxon https://doi.org/10.1002/tax.12411
BIOPAT e.V., for example, offers to name new species at wish for a donation of at least 2600 Euros (who do these organisms 'belong to'?). One can dedicate a scholarly work, as a book or journal article, to a person – but a living organism? Wouldn't it be preferable to adhere to the common practice of allocating descriptive names and to ban anthropocentric patronymic names and 'graveyard taxonomy' from biological nomenclature via the 'Code'!
Good research is based on good relationship between the mentor or supervisor and the scholar. What are the qualities a supervisor or mentor must have to have a healthy and friendly environment in the laboratory?
I'm doing a survey as part of an Audacious program (https://www.startupdunedin.nz/audacious), which essentially is a StartUp initiative at Otago University. I'm curious to understand what level of programming do biologists these days need during their day to day research.
For all the biologists out there here are some questions to start the discussion on this topic:
1) Have you done any programming till date? If so which language did you use and for what purpose?
2) How have to overcome programming limitations? For example, did you get the work done through bioinformaticians, or sought help from your programming friend, etc?
3) Have you used online biological databases for your research? If so, which one?
4) How much of artificial intelligence have you used in your research? Do you see AI potential in your current work?
If you have anything else to add, please feel free.
The contribution of the old journal Sunyatsenia to botanical research in China and adjacent regions has been reported by Zhao et al. (2016) in Phytotaxa 269: 237–270. Does anyone know how we can access to the journal's content outside of China. Is any electronic source available?
Can turmeric be used as a substitute for the other comercially availble antifungal agents during plant tissue culture?
Hello, I am currently an undergraduate student at Purdue. I am currently looking at potential research topics to get into during graduate school. Right now I work in a botany lab studying ABA levels in deciduous trees. However, in my own free time, I have been obsessed with the interaction between tree species through different mycorrhizal networks. I have a decent list of researchers working on this topic (I will put their names below), but I was wondering if there are any schools or individuals I should strongly consider and reach out to before applying.
1. Rolf Geisen (Max Rubner-Institut, Germany)
2. Marc Stadler (Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Germany)
3. John Pitt (Australia)
4. Jens Frisvad (Technical University of Denmark)
5. Vit Hubka (Charles University Prague, Czech)
6. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences http://english.im.cas.cn/rh/rd/Mycology1/
7. Keith Seifert (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/science-and-innovation/agriculture-and-agri-food-research-centres-and-collections/ontario/ottawa-research-and-development-centre/scientific-staff-and-expertise/seifert-keith-phd/?id=1181921509394
8. Dr. Catherine Aime (Purdue University)
9. Songlin Fei (Purdue University)
10. Peter Kennedy (University of Minnesota)
Based on a resent question; what is the difference between a saprophyte and a saprotroph?
In Greek saprophyte would be saprós (“putrid; decayed; rotten”) and phyte ("plant") thus meaning a plant that will live of dead or decaying organic matter. Saprotroph on the other hand, would be saprós (“putrid; decayed; rotten”) and trophē (“food; nourishment”) and thus include all organism with this lifestyle.
It seems as if the term saprophyte would be incorrect as plants are in actuality not saprophytic. The same problem comes in with saprophytic vs saprotrophic. My concern is this, why were we taught that "saprophytic" or saprotrophic fungi are saprophytes as this would seem to be incorrect. Recent publications and textbooks still refer to saprophytes. Has the term saprophyte been abolished or regardless of the difference we now consider saprophyte and saprotroph as synonyms?
Dr.Muhammad Azhar Khan Department of Botany Hazara University Mansehra
As you know, Monstera is very popular house plant and some has unusual mutation with reduced number of chlorophyll and in some cases, chlorophyll pigments completely lost in leaves. Is it possible to make chlorophyll degradation in leaves under lab conditions?
To investigate the impact of chlorpyrifos I need to understand how much concentration is taken into the plant and how that affects the average concentration of phytohormones, thus instigating phytohormone deformity in post-germination growth. I want a relatively simpler method than high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry or if not can I understand the process of doing this in a lab.
What are the research and Job opportunity for botany graduates and masters?
How they should be trained at university level to make themselves ready for industry
what are the industries hiring botany graduates and masters?
whats skilled based knowledge enrichment is needed for Botany graduates ?
Is it possible that different species of particular plant encountered in a specific forest area is totally different from the previous report when surveyed after about a decade? If yes, what can be the tentative reason?
I feel that it is probably due to lack of proper identification and authentication.
Please help to find a reason.
I'm doing some spatial analysis of fig trees, using the locations of trees as a point process for Bayesian modelling.
I'm considering whether to include the proximity to rivers as a spatial covariate in the analysis, and specifically, whether to log-transform this variable- if figs increase at a log scale in proximity to rivers.
I'm studying figs in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo but haven't found much information about this relationship in this part of the world, so any & all info is appreciated.
Best wishes & stay safe!
The journal "Annali di Botanica" that appears in the JCR journal list (Plant Sciences category; Q3; position 170/28 in 2018) is not included in the Research Gate journals.
I intend to study the relation between the beginning of the flowering season for different wooden plant species and the meteorological conditions over the years. For that I need to identify those periods from satellite imagery.
If a taxon is described using three specimens, one with flowers, one with fruits, and one sterile, considering fruits and flowers are essential for unambiguous identification of that species, and all but the sterile specimen are lost, it clearly needs to designate the sterile material as lectotype.
That is the obvious, but then a problem comes up. As the species can only be identified using flowers and fruits, a single epitype will never be sufficient dealing as type.
Would it hence be possible to designate two specimen as equally serving epitypes?
In another case, if an epitype, lets say with flowers, was already designated, would it be allowed to designate another epitype (or "epiparatype") due to amguity of the first epitype?
Unfortunately, I found this not addressed anywhere. Or maybe I just have overseen it?
Dear all taxonomists
Do you think that the problem which we had with Zootaxa in this year is an accidental or we should expect similar problems in the future? Not only for Zootaxa but also with other taxonomic journals. Do you think that we can do something with it? Any strategy or ideas? Do we have this problem only in zoology or also in botany?
Hello everyone. There are some databases which gives taxonomic names and authors of Plants.
Some of them:
The International Plant Names Index: http://www.ipni.org/ipni/plantnamesearchpage.do
The Plant List: http://www.theplantlist.org/
Euro+Med Plantbase: http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp
My question is which of these databases most reliable? For example for Rosa damascena in Plant List database author name is given as Herrm. However, in International Plant Names Index it is given as Mill. Which one is correct? Are there any other plant database that gives correct information about taxa. Thank you.
Hi, I hope you are doing well
I'm a college student interested in botany and everything related to it. Lately I've been so into classification of plants and I don't know how to find a resource. I want a good book, website or any resources (must be from 2009 and above) to depend on for getting informations about this field. Can you please help me with it?
Namely, carob tree is not flammable as pine trees which are very flammable especially in the dry part of the season. So, I wonder, does any mediterranean country use carob tree in planning security forest fire protection belts in order to prevent the mediterranean forst fires or to control them?
Please provide relevant publication related to mass multiplication of inoculum, procedure for inoculation, scoring and your valuable suggestion.
I used to notice in our food culture in Iraq that a person who suffers from anemia or loses blood is advised to eat celery with the spleen, and I did not know the reason until after my academic studies of plant pigments (chlorophyll) and the Similarity large between them and hemoclobin, as well as that the spleen is the cemetery of iron.
How can some customs and traditions be correct even though at the time of their spread there was no great scientific progress as is the case at the present time?
In all six Zelkova tree species mature fruits fall with the entire twig, and the dried leaves that are still attached function as a parachute, carrying the fruits a few metres away from the parent tree (see attached pictures, first photo: twig of Zelkova serrata from Taiwan, second: dispersed twigs of Z. abelicea from Crete).
Does anybody know other similar examples of such dispersal mechanisms in other trees/woody species?
For more images of fruits, and more details on the relict tree genus Zelkova see www.zelkova.ch and the publications available on this webpage.
We are going to do a seed germination experiment but found that most of the previous research used distilled water as a control solution for seed germination. As distilled water is devoid of any nutrients then plasmolysis can occur during seed germination. Can anyone suggest what should be the perfect composition for the seed germination solution as an experimental control?