Science topic

Body Weight - Science topic

The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
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Publications related to Body Weight (10,000)
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Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of morphology on karate characteristics and basic motor skills for the criterion variable counter-punch (gyako zuki) in boys, after a two-year training program. Methods: A system of 25 variables (12 morphological, 12 motor, and one situational (gyako zuki)) was applied in a sample of 8...
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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD). The aim of this study was to determine the survival time and to determine factors related to the survival time of dogs with PH secondary to DMVD stage C. A retrospective study was conducted in 37 dogs with PH secondary to DMVD stage C to anal...
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High fructose corn syrup (HFCS)-associated health problems have raised concerns. We investigated the effects of HFCS-containing drinking water on body fat, intestinal microbiota structure of mice, and the relationships between them. HFCS drinking water significantly increased body fat content and altered the intestinal microbiome. The Christensenel...
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Ovulation failure was associated with a reduction in pre-mating concentrations of oestradiol-17β and prolactin (PRL). The present study aimed to evaluate whether pre-mating PRL levels have a role in the reproductive efficiency of doe rabbits. A total of 78 multiparous California does (2nd parity) were divided, according to plasma pre-mating PRL, in...
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Background The obesity paradox, which suggests that high body weight is positively associated with survival in some diseases, has not been proven in patients with hip fracture. In this study, meta-analysis of previous studies on the impacts of body weight on postoperative mortality following hip fracture surgery in older adults was conducted. Meth...
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Background The extracellular volume (ECV) and intracellular volume (ICV) estimated by bioimpedance analysis (BIA) deviates markedly from the textbook volumes of 20% and 40% of the body weight (BW). We estimated the transcellular exchange of water by calculating solute equilibriums after fluid challenges to examine whether the BIA or the textbook vo...
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Background The dimensions of the prostatic gland in castrated adult dogs, as assessed by ultrasonography, is currently not yet reported in veterinary literature. The current study was aimed at reporting the prostatic dimensions in castrated dogs and investigate the relationship between the dogs’ body weight and prostate size. A second aim of the st...
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A dataset of 100 pigs, from the Piétrain NN Français line raised at the AXIOM boar testing station in 2020, was used. The farm was equipped with an automatic feeding system, recording individual weight and feed intake at each visit. We used a dynamic linear regression model to characterise the evolution of the energetic allocation factor (αt) which...
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Background Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has gained acceptance over the last two decades, replacing the surgery in more than 90% of the cases, so the safety and efficacy of transcather closure of PDA have been evaluated by studying different experiences from different centers in developing countries. The aim is to report o...
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Background There are sex differences in addiction behaviors. To develop a pre-clinical animal model to investigate this, the present study examined sex differences in sucrose taking and seeking using Long-Evans rats. Methods Five experiments were conducted using separate groups of subjects. The first two examined sucrose or saccharin preference in...
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Background: Whether targeting the driving pressure (∆P) when adjusting the tidal volume in mechanically ventilated patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may decrease the risk of ventilator-induced lung injury remains a matter of research. In this study, we assessed the effect of a ∆P-guided ventilation on the mechanical powe...
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Background The identification of markers and genes for growth traits may not only benefit for marker assist selection /genomic selection but also provide important information for understanding the genetic foundation of growth traits in broilers. Results In the current study, we estimated the genetic parameters of eight growth traits in broilers a...
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Access to public greenspaces is assumed to influence peoples’ body weight. However, causal evidence on this topic is limited, especially in developing countries. Using natural experiment approach, this study assessed 1) to what extent peoples’ body mass index (BMI) changed following a greenway intervention, and 2) potential gender disparities in bo...
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Growth curves are important for understanding the growth phase and specific characteristics of farm animals. This study evaluated growth curve models to predict the age at puberty and growth rate of Ongole Grade cattle. The study used the weights of cattle from birth to 5 years old in 2011 to 2019 obtained from the Beef Cattle Research Station. The...
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This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of dietary replacement of maize with sweet potato peel in the diet of Clarias gariepinus juveniles. The levels of the SPP inclusion in the experimental diets were 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. All the diets were iso-nitrogenous. One hundred and fifty (150) C. gariepinus juveniles (33 g ~ 35 g) were r...
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Competitive dyadic interactions frequently attract the attention of bystanders that follow and disrupt the ongoing contest. The motivation for bystanders to engage in such third-party behaviour is considered by several different theoretical approaches; one such model argues that bystanders intervene to prevent subordinates from gaining a winner eff...
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The present study aimed to explore the effect of carnitine supplementation on body weight in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and predict an appropriate dosage schedule using a machine-learning approach. Data were obtained from literature mining and the rates of body weight change from the initial values were selected as the therapeut...
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MIN CHELATE ®) ในอาหารต่ อสมรรถนะการผลิ ตของไก่ เนื ้ อโดยใช้ ลู กไก่ เนื ้ อพั นธุ ์ Cobb 500 เพศผู ้ อายุ 1 วั น จำนวน 180 ตั ว แบ่ งออกเป็ น 2 กลุ ่ ม ๆ ละ 6 ซ้ ำ ๆ ละ 15 ตั ว ประกอบด้ วยกลุ ่ มที ่ ใช้ อาหารปกติ (กลุ ่ มควบคุ ม) และกลุ ่ มที ่ ใช้ อาหารปกติ เสริ มแร่ ธาตุ อิ นทรี ย์ (MIN CHELATE ®) 0.5 กิ โลกรั มต่ อตั นอาหาร (กลุ ่ มทดลอง) ทำก...
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Nanopesticides can facilitate controlled release kinetics and efficiently enhance the permeability of active ingredients to reduce the dosage and loss of pesticides. To clarify the synergistic mechanism of graphene–insecticide nanocarriers against cotton bollworm, treatment groups, namely, control, graphene (G), insecticide (lambda-cyhalothrin (Cyh...
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Sheep litter size is the most crucial trait in terms of reproductive, and it is influenced by many factors, including ovulation rates, body scores, uterine capacity, and ewes’ body condition. Productive traits of ewes are known to be affected by lamb sex and body measurement. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the association of lamb’s sex with...
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We investigated which determinants (socioeconomic, early life factors, body composition changes, fitness changes and/or physical activity changes) best predicted longitudinal outcomes in cardiometabolic risk profile (Z-score change) in adolescents with OW/OB who underwent a 13-month multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention. A total of 165 adolescen...
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Sheep farming in Greece is focused on milk production. Meat is considered a by-product and consists mainly light carcasses of undefined quality. The main challenge of the sector is to ensure sustainability, and hence efforts are towards efficient use of available resources, including undervalued carcasses of local fat-tailed sheep. The objective he...
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The evaluation of muscle mass in athletes correlates with sports performance directly. Bioimpedance vector analysis is a growing method of assessing body composition in athletes because it is independent of predictive formulas containing variables such as body weight, ethnicity, age, and sex. The study aims to propose a new parameter (Levi’s Muscle...
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The metatarsal bone is one of the strongest bone in Ungulates and can provide various information about live animal. A sample of 86 metatarsal bones of 43 adult dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus, 1758) was studied. Two breeds were compared, with a total of 22 males and 21 females, organised in four groups: 13 Sahraoui females, 14 Sahraoui m...
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Background: Body Mass Index (BMI) which is often calculated by dividing the weight (kg) by height squared (m 2), was chosen as a simple measurement of body weight in relation to height. Waist circumference (WC) and Waist-hip-ratio (WHR) are important indices to assess abdominal obesity. Waist circumference (WC) is an expedient and easy measurement...
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Objective To compare the efficacy of two different surgical approaches during and after pyeloplasty according to the degree/severity of hydronephrosis factor.Materials and methodsSixty child patients with UPJ obstruction admitted to our hospital from August 2019 to October 2021 were collected. Patients who underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic pye...
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Background Perineal hernia (PH) in dogs is caused by the separation of the anal septal muscles and the displacement of pelvic/abdominal organs under the perineal skin. Reconstruction of the pelvic septum by surgical repositioning is the only curative treatment. Objectives To describe the procedure and outcomes of surgical repair using the peduncul...
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Background/Objectives Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) concomitant with weight loss is a recommended treatment approach for adults with moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obesity. This requires multiple synchronous behaviour changes. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 6-month lifestyle intervention...
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Health is a rising area and can lead to a good business proposition. There is always a fight between body weight and lifestyle. Regression analysis can be used to determine the right combination of weight with the age and height of the healthy person. The same is done in the case.
Conference Paper
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This experiment was conducted in the poultry field of the Department of Animal Production College of Agriculture Al-Qasim Green University for " the period 1/10 /2021 to 4/11/2021 The study aimed to add different levels of Chenopodium quinoa seed " powder to the diet and vitamin C to the drinking water to know the best levels of quinoa seed powder...
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Ultrasonographic assessment of the renal size can provide useful clinical information, in combination with other ultrasonographic parameters. The aims of this study were to establish the agreement between the ultrasonographic and radiographic measurements of the kidneys (K) and vertebral bodies (L5 and L6), to establish an ultrasonographic measurem...
Preprint
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The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between dynamic balance ability and reactive agility performance in karate athletes. A total of 53 karate athletes, 19 females (35.8%) 34 males (64.2%), (mean age: 18.02 ± 1.60 years, mean height 172.13 ± 7.59 cm; mean body weight 64.83 ± 9.75 kg) were included. Dynamic balance ability was tested...
Article
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Karamunting (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa is one of traditional medicinal plants used for treating headaches. The purpose of this study was to examine the analgetic effect karamunting leaves ethanol exktract. The karamunting leaves was obtained from the region village Batunabolom Toba samosir, North Sumatra. The extract was Prepared by macerating karamunt...
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Background: Little is known about sex differences in the risk of type 2 diabetes (DM2) development related to body fat depot. The main aim of this study was to assess sex-specific differences in the prevalence of diabetes in the relation to body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and calculated body fat percentage (BF), adjusted...
Article
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The aim of the research was to measure the basic external characteristics of Pramenka sheep (ridge height, fromthe ground to the highest ridge point, lower back height, from the ground to the highest lower back point, hulllenght, chest width, chest depth, chest circumference, hull circumference, shin circumference, body weight) withthe aim of compa...
Article
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Despite decades of obesity research and various public health initiatives, obesity remains a major public health concern. Our most drastic but most effective treatment of obesity is bariatric surgery with weight loss and improvements in co-morbidities, including resolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the mechanisms by which surgery elicits m...
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Background The risk for thromboembolism depending on the different age subgroups in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been fully elucidated. Methods The Fushimi AF Registry is a community-based prospective survey of patients with AF in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Follow-up data were available for 4,466 patients by the end of 2019. Clinical det...
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The evidence provided by meta‐analyses on the beneficial impacts of cinnamon supplementation on anthropometric indices are still conflicting. Present study’s aim was to evaluate the effects of cinnamon on obesity indices by an umbrella meta‐analysis. The electronic databases including Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus were systematically searc...
Article
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Some studies have demonstrated the participation of leptin in magnesium metabolism. On the other hand, there is evidence of the role of magnesium in the leptin intracellular signaling pathway. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the existence of a relationship between serum leptin concentrations and magnesium biomarkers in women wit...
Article
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AimThis study aimed to assess weight control behaviors and their relationship with body weight and image perceptions among female university students.Subject and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted among female students. The study included 420 female students aged 17–27 years using a convenient sample. Students were invited from all facult...
Article
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Recent studies reported that semaphorins play a significant role in various settings of the immune response. In particular, Semaphorin 3E (Sema3E), a secreted semaphorin protein, is involved in cell proliferation, migration, inflammatory responses, and host defence against infections. However, the therapeutic function of Sema3E in bacterial infecti...
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The possibility of modeling growth with the aim of visualizing growth patterns over time, and generating equations that can be used to predict the expected weight of the animal at specific age could be an impetus for optimization of farmer's livelihood. The weekly body weight of 993 Bertalanffy growth model using the procedure of NLIN (Marquart alg...
Article
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Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii)—a species of sturgeon—has a high economic value as a source of caviar and high-quality meat products. Genomic selection (GS) has the potential to shorten generation intervals and improve genetic gain for the key target traits of a breeding program. However, it has not been applied on sturgeon. We evaluat...
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Abstract: Overweight and obesity, including their prevalence and consequences, reflect a leading public health problem. Studies have already shown that physical activity leads to a reduction in body weight in children and adults. However, the university setting has rarely been investigated. The aim of this review is, therefore, to examine and summa...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different levels of maca powder supplementation (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 g/kg) in the diet on performance, carcass characteristics, serum biochemical constituents and hormone concentrations, bone biomechanical properties, and ileum histomorphology in growing Japanese quails. In this 4...
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In this study, we evaluated the feeding behavior of Girolando steers on Brachiaria brizantha cultivar Marandu pastures. Twenty-two animals with an average initial weight of 209.09 ± 8.18 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement (three seasons and two nutritional plans (NP)) with 11 replicates, as follow...
Article
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This experiment aimed to evaluate the effect of cricket meal substituted soybean meal in the diet of white-eared Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) on feed intake and weight gain. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 4 replicates (4 white-eared Junglefowl per replication). The treatments consisted of control:...
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Abstract An experiment was conducted to evaluate the fatty acid profile of subcutaneous fat from barrowS of same genetic lineage supplemented with organic chromium and selenium initiated in different weight ranges in the finishing phase using 24 carcasses. Three different diets were used that represent the time when supplementation starts: control...
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Purpose Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have prolonged the survival of patients with various carcinomas, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and have caused a paradigm shift in cancer treatment. Although programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor cells is a predictive marker of therapeutic efficacy, additional predictive ma...
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Objective To compare three body mass index (BMI) classifications that are used to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi children aged 6–13 years: the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) age and gender cutoffs, the World Health Organization (WHO) growth references for school-aged children, and the Saudi (KSA) national growt...
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Background While Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is effective in achieving weight loss and improving obesity-related co-morbidities, insufficient weight loss in the long-term can occur. The goal was to assess whether banded vs. non-banded RYGB reduces the risk of insufficient weight loss at 5-year follow-up. Methods This is a retrospective single-...
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This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate changes in GIP after RYGB in obese patients. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for relevant studies from database inception through July 2021. Articles were eligible for inclusion if they reported pre-operative and post-operative fasting GIP levels. We found fasting GIP levels had a decreasing tendency. Th...
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In the literature longevity and comfort are evaluated in terms of entropy generation and export rates. When people cannot export entropy, they experience discomfort. Effect of bedding, pajamas and levels of body coverage have been assessed in 270 cases by referring to body weight and height of 25 years old women. By 160 cm tall and 50 kg women, at...
Article
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Silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) is an economically important mariculture species. However, little is known about the genetic parameters of its commercially important traits. In order to determine whether continuous progress can be achieved by selection for growth, we took the body weight trait of East China Sea P. argenteus as the target trait of...
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Human genome research has reached new heights in the recent decade thanks to a major advance in genome editing. Genome editing enables scientists to understand better the functions of a single gene and its impact on a wide range of diseases. In brief, genome editing is a technique for introducing alterations into specific DNA sequences, such as ins...
Article
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Background: Diodia sarmentosa leaves have gained application in the local treatment of certain ailments. This study evaluated the effect of ethanol extracts of Diodia sarmentosa leaves on biochemical, antioxidant, and histopathological indices of monosodium glutamate-induced uterine leiomyoma in albino rats. Methods: Twenty-one (21) female adult al...
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Data on body weights at birth, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of age, of 2119 kids born from 1287 does and 43 bucks from Marwari goat collected from field over a period of 8 years (from 2012 to 2020), maintained under ICAR sponsored AICRP on Marwari goats project area functioning in five clusters at Daiya, Deshnok, Kalayansar, and Raisar village of Bikaner...
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Objective: Colorectal cancer (CC) is one type of cancer with a high incidence worldwide. Many therapeutic techniques have been for CC but have not yet yielded satisfactory results. Fish oil has potential as an alternative therapy for CC through its anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we want to investigate that effect on TNF-α expression using omega-3...
Article
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Background: Many technological interventions designed to promote physical activity (PA) have limited efficacy and appear to lack important factors that could increase engagement. This may be due to a discrepancy between research conducted in this space, and software designers' and developers' use of this research to inform new digital applications...