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Bioscience - Science topic

Biology and related sciences.
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Publications related to Bioscience (10,000)
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Poster
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Lake 2022 - 13th Biennial Lake Symposium Conservation of Wetlands: Ecosystem-based Adaptation of Climate change, 28th -30th December 2022 Venue: Auditorium, Ground Floor, New Biological Sciences Building [Near D Gate], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, Phone: +91 080-22933503/22933099 Symposium Web: http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/e...
Article
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Objective The redbanded stink bug (RBSB), Piezodorus guildinii (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is native to the Caribbean Basin and is currently considered an invasive pest in Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in the southern United States. Although RBSB is an economically important invasive pest in the USA, relatively few studies have been con...
Conference Paper
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LAKE 2020: CONFERENCE ON ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, GOODS AND SERVICES [THE 12TH BIENNIAL LAKE CONFERENCE] Date: 28-30th December 2020 Venue: Auditorium, Ground Floor, New Biological Sciences Building [Near D Gate], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, Phone: +91 080-22933503/22933099 Symposium Web: http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/ener...
Article
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Bareke T, Addi A, Roba K, Kumsa T. 2022. Effect of storage temperature and packing materials on seed germination and seed storage behavior of Schefflera abyssinica. Nusantara Bioscience 14: 141-147. Knowledge of the seed storage behavior is crucial for developing appropriate ex-situ conservation strategies. The main objective of this study was to d...
Article
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Nanotechnology is a new field that has gained considerable importance due to its potential uses in the field of biosciences, medicine, engineering, etc. In the present study, bio-inspired metallic iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) were prepared using biomass of Enterobacter train G52. The prepared particles were characterized by UV-spectroscopy, TGA, XRD,...
Book
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Integrative Structural Biology of Proteins and Macromolecular Assemblies: Bridging Experiments and Simulations EDITED BY : Paulo Ricardo Batista, Mario Oliveira Neto and David Perahia PUBLISHED IN: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Article
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Mentorship in science is crucial for topic choice, career decisions, and the success of mentees and mentors. Typically, researchers who study mentorship use article co-authorship and doctoral dissertation datasets. However, available datasets of this type focus on narrow selections of fields and miss out on early career and non-publication-related...
Poster
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Carbon-based nanostructures and metamaterials offer extraordinary mechanical and opto-electrical properties, which make them suitable for applications in diverse fields, including, for example, bioscience, energy technology and quantum computing. In the latest years, important R&D efforts have been made to investigate the potential use of graphene...
Conference Paper
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Carbon-based nanostructures and metamaterials offer extraordinary mechanical and opto-electrical properties, which make them suitable for applications in diverse fields, including , for example, bioscience, energy technology and quantum computing. In the latest years, important R&D efforts have been made to investigate the potential use of graphene...
Article
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The superior grade Daqu (S_Daqu) and normal grade Daqu (N_Daqu) have obvious differences in flavor, fracture surface, appearance, etc., which can be accurately grouped by well-trained panel based on their sensory properties. However, the differences in microbial community diversity and metabolites between the S_Daqu and N_Daqu were still unclear. T...
Article
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Chiral hydroxylamines are vital substances in bioscience and versatile subunits in the preparation of a variety of functional molecules. However, asymmetric and non-asymmetric synthetic approaches to these compounds are far from satisfactory. Although atom-economic metal-catalysed asymmetric hydrogenations have been studied for over 50 years, the a...
Article
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How to cite: OLIVEIRA, L.A.B., et al. Growth of Schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum seedlings by strains of Trichoderma spp. under boron rates. Bioscience Journal. 2022, 38, e38034. https://doi. Abstract: Brazil has many important native species, which includes Schizolobium parahyba var. amazonicum (Huber ex Ducke) Barneby, however, the growth o...
Article
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Fusion proteins play an essential role in the biosciences but suffer from several key limitations, including the requirement for N-to-C terminal ligation, incompatibility of constituent domains, incorrect folding, and loss of biological activity. This perspective focuses on chemical and enzymatic approaches for the post-translational generation of...
Preprint
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We consider a dynamical system, defined by a system of autonomous differential equations, on $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$. By using Mickens' rule on the nonlocal approximation of nonlinear terms, we construct an implicit Nonstandard Finite Difference (NSFD) scheme that, under an existence and uniqueness condition, is an explicit time reversible sche...
Article
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Background GenoLab M is a recently developed next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform from GeneMind Biosciences. To establish the performance of GenoLab M, we present the first report to benchmark and compare the WGS and WES sequencing data of the GenoLab M sequencer to NovaSeq 6000 and NextSeq 550 platform in various types of analysis. For WGS, t...
Article
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The phytochemical analysis of Gossypium hirsutum was carried out using standardized methods for the evaluation of active compounds and provided opportunities for use in the preparation of new drugs. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and non-Bacillus thuringiensis (non-Bt) cotton species are picked for the current study and during this, different solvents...
Article
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Serological testing for acute infection or prior exposure is critical for patient management and coordination of public health decisions during outbreaks. Current methods have several limitations, including variable performance, relatively low analytical and clinical sensitivity, and poor detection due to antigenic drift. Serological methods for SA...
Article
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Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is clinically diagnosed when patients develop dementia less than a year after parkinsonism onset. Age is the primary risk factor for DLB and mitochondrial health influences ageing through effective oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Patterns of stable polymorphisms in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) alter OXPHOS ef...
Conference Paper
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Eco-evolutionary community genetics expands the population genetics laws to complicated communities, and integrates both the quantitative genetics and evolutionary genetics with ecology. These refer to study population genetics at higher levels, i.e. multispecies levels since a single species evolves genetically through interactions with other spec...
Article
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Article history: Home gardens are subsistent agricultural production systems consisting of diverse crop plants which are easily accessible and adjacent to homesteads. They sustainably contribute to livelihoods in developing countries. Regarding the modernization in tropical Africa, there are changes in plant composition of urbanizing areas like Tub...
Article
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An assessment was carried out to observe the impacts of fish sanctuary on the livelihoods from fishers of Ruhul beel and Bamonji beel under Chalan beel in Pabna district of Bangladesh. Data were collected from selected sanctuary sites with prepared and pretested questionnaire and analyzed through statistical tests like ANOVA (Analysis of Variance),...
Poster
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The "Gorgònia Barcelona" project was born in 2021 in Barcelona, one of the cities with more inhabitants of the Mediterranean, in collaboration with the Catalan Federation of Subaquatic Activities (FECDAS) and local social associations. This project counts with the support of the City Hall of Barcelona and the community of practices of biosciences &...
Article
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COVID-19 is mild to moderate in otherwise healthy individuals but may nonetheless cause life-threatening disease and/or a wide range of persistent symptoms. The general determinant of disease severity is age mainly because the immune response declines in aging patients. Here, we developed a mathematical model of the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 an...
Article
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Michael J Twiner,1,2 John Hennessy,3 Rachel Wein,1 Phillip D Levy1,2 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA; 2Integrative Biosciences Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA; 3College of Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USACorrespondence: Michael J Twiner, Department of Emergency Medi...
Article
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Pacific Biosciences SMRT sequencing used to identify the novel allele, HLA‐A*02:01:02:206. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Article
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Biomechanical signals from remodeled extracellular matrix (ECM) promote tumor progression. Here, we show that cell-matrix and cell-cell communication may be inherently linked and tuned through mechanisms of mechanosensitive biogenesis of trafficking vesicles. Pan-cancer analysis of cancer cells' mechanical properties (focusing primarily on cell sti...
Article
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Background The use of simulations has been steadily rising in popularity in the biosciences, not only due to the COVID-19 pandemic restricting access to physical labs and equipment but also in the face of rising student numbers. In this study, we describe the development and implementation of a novel, open-access interactive simulation used to not...
Article
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Background Transmissible viral proventriculitis (TVP) causes significant economic loss to the poultry industry. However, the exact causative agents are obscure. Here we examine the virome of proventriculus from specified pathogen free (SPF) chickens that reproduced by infection of proventricular homogenate from broiler chicken with TVP using long r...
Article
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It has been recently suggested that engineered microbial strains could be used to protect ecosystems from undesirable tipping points and biodiversity loss. A major concern in this context is the potential unintended consequences, which are usually addressed in terms of designed genetic constructs aimed at controlling overproliferation. Here we pres...
Conference Paper
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Introduction. High ambient temperatures may limit heat dissipation of dairy cows leading to heat stress, which is associated with negative effects on milk production, feed intake and disease susceptibility (Baumgard & Rhoads, 2013). Lower feed intake alters the metabolic status and directly impacts the immune system of dairy cows. Mesenteric lymph...
Article
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The characteristics of the oral microbiota may depend on oral health, age, diet, and geography, but the influence of the geographic setting on the oral microbiota has received limited attention. The characteristics of oral microbiota have been reported to differ between urban and rural environments. In order to minimize the influence of genetic bac...
Article
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Background Bioscience is essential knowledge for nursing practice and is an important component of undergraduate nursing education, however students commonly feel anxious about studying the subject. The purpose of this study was to develop appropriately scoped contextually relevant bioscience lesson resources to enhance student engagement and perfo...
Article
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The study was carried out to improve egg production by decreasing the inter sequence pause days in indigenous chicken through the use of antiprolactin agent (Bromocriptine) and serum from laying hen. Sixty indigenous (deshi) chickens of 20-22 weeks of age, were randomly assigned into four groups (A, B, C and D) and each group consisting of 15 hens....
Article
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The present study was undertaken to investigate the antidiabetic effect of the bitter melon and black cumin on alloxan induced diabetes in experimental rabbits. At 2 to 3 months of age, rabbits were assigned into five groups (A, B, C, D and E) and rabbits were included each group. Group A was kept as control, Group B was treated with alloxan intram...
Article
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Discontinuum critical signal /noise density matrices have been extracted out of theoretical formalisms modeling Super luminous Gage Integrated Quantum Astrophysics with algebra gage physics. These formalism quantifications empower in analyzing gravity oscillations biosciences quantum astrophysical natural existence processes of universes within mul...
Article
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Discontinuum critical signal /noise density matrices have been extracted out of theoretical formalisms modeling Super luminous Gage Integrated Quantum Astrophysics with algebra gage physics. These formalism quantifications empower in analyzing gravity oscillations biosciences quantum astrophysical natural existence processes of universes within mul...
Article
Full-text available
Plant leaves are used to package various local foods in Benin. Vegetable packaging is a good alternative to plastic packaging in use in the country. A better knowledge of these plants and their different uses is necessary for their valorization. This study aims to identify the plant resources that are used in Benin as food packaging and to determin...
Poster
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A termorregulação testicular é essencial para a espermatogênese fisiológica e manutenção da qualidade espermática em carneiros. O estresse térmico (ET) causa importantes alterações metabólicas e degeneração das células espermatogênicas, prejudicando a qualidade do sêmen. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar os efeitos do ET testicular sobre as característica...
Article
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a multifactorial and polygenic endocrine-metabolic disorder in women of reproductive age. SNPs in the THADA gene have been identified as PCOS risk loci. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of five polymorphisms in a sample of Colombian women with PCOS, and their association with clinical and endocrine-metab...
Article
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3D bioprinting—a type of additive manufacturing—can create 3D tissue constructs resembling in vivo tissues. Here, we present a protocol for 3D printing neural tissues using Axolotl Biosciences’ fibrin-based bioink and the CELLINK BIO X bioprinter with a pneumatic printhead. This workflow can be applied to printing 3D tissue models using a variety o...
Article
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The heart pumps blood into circulation against vascular resistance and actively regulates the contractile force to compensate for mechanical load changes. Our experimental data show that cardiomyocytes have a mechano-chemo-transduction (MCT) mechanism that increases intracellular Ca2+ transient to enhance contractility in response to increased mech...
Article
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The study of the mechanisms whereby proteins achieve their native functionally competent conformation has been a key issue in molecular biosciences over the last 6 decades. Nevertheless, there are several debated issues and open problems concerning some aspects of this fundamental problem. By considering the emerging complexity of the so-called “na...
Article
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Silage fermentation is a dynamic process involving the succession of microbial communities and changes in metabolites. Fresh branched and leaves of paper mulberry were used to prepared silage. Crop by-products including corn bran, rice bran, and wheat bran were used as exogenous additives. Pacific Biosciences single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequen...
Article
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Engineered skeletal muscle act as therapeutics invaluable to treat injured or diseased muscle and a “living” material essential to assemble biological machinery. For normal development, skeletal myoblasts should express connexin 43, one of the gap junction proteins that promote myoblast fusion and myogenesis, during the early differentiation stage....
Article
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Variant calling has been widely used for genotyping and for improving the consensus accuracy of long-read assemblies. Variant calls are commonly hard-filtered with user-defined cutoffs. However, it is impossible to define a single set of optimal cutoffs, as the calls heavily depend on the quality of the reads, the variant caller of choice and the q...
Article
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Hybrid utilization has proficiently increased crop production worldwide. The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system has emerged as an efficient tool for commercial hybrid cotton seed production. The restorer line with dominant Rf2 gene can restore the fertility of the CMS-D8 sterile line. However, the molecular mechanism of fertility restoration r...
Article
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Heat or mass transfer processes of microfluids are very important in bioscience, environmental engineering, and food science, which are still hard to detect in real time. To overcome this difficulty, we try to use Tamm plasmon polaritons to enhance the interaction of light with microfluids. The main structure of the proposed configuration is Ag-pho...
Article
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River networks’ universal fractal structure not only defines their hydrology and connectivity, but has also profound biological consequences, especially regarding stability and persistence of organismal populations. While rivers’ scaling features are captured by Optimal Channel Networks, knowledge on adequate network topologies has hitherto been on...
Article
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Cancer is a manifestation of disorders caused by the changes in the body's cells that go far beyond healthy development as well as stabilization. Breast cancer is a common disease. According to the stats given by the World Health Organization (WHO), 7.8 million women are diagnosed with breast cancer. Breast cancer is the name of the malignant tumor...
Article
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Machine learning, a rapidly evolving field of data analysis, has now become an integral part of life science research. It has been widely utilized for exploring the information encoded by the genome and beyond the genome. In this study, we surveyed the trends of scientific actors and the conceptual structure of machine learning implementation in bi...
Article
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Recruiting, training and retaining scientists in computational biology is necessary to develop a workforce that can lead the quantitative biology revolution. Yet, African-American/Black, Hispanic/Latinx, Native Americans, and women are severely underrepresented in computational biosciences. We established the UCLA Bruins-in-Genomics Summer Research...
Article
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Metabolism is a challenging subject for bioscience students due to the intrinsic complexity of the metabolic network, as well as that of the overlapping mechanisms of metabolic regulation. Collaborative learning based on a problem-based learning approach can help students to successfully learn and understand metabolism. In the present article, we p...
Article
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Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) are an efficient state‐of‐the‐art kinetic energy‐harvesting technology based on the combination of triboelectrification and electrostatic induction to generate electrical energy from ambient mechanical energy. Bioelectricity is a quintessential characteristic of living organisms and has a crucial role in physiol...
Article
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Pressure is an equally important thermodynamical parameter as temperature. However, its importance is often overlooked in the biophysical and biochemical investigations of biomolecules and biological systems. This review focuses on the application of high pressure (>100 MPa = 1 kbar) in biology. Studies of high pressure can give insight into the vo...
Article
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Multiplex immunofluorescence staining enables the simultaneous detection of multiple immune markers in a single tissue section, and is a useful tool for the identification of specific cell populations within the tumour microenvironment. However, this technology has rarely been validated against standard clinical immunohistology, which is a barrier...
Article
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The apple is the most widely used fruit globally. Apples are more prone to fungal spoilage, which leads to browning and subsequent changes in their flavor and texture. Browning is also caused by the tyrosinase enzyme. By inhibiting tyrosinase initiation and fungal spoilage in fruits, the natural flavor and texture of fruits can be maintained. Bioge...