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Biomedical Engineering - Science topic

Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.
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Publications related to Biomedical Engineering (10,000)
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Article
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Objectives A unique dataset of airway flow/pressure from healthy subjects on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) ventilation was collected. This data can be used to develop or validate models of pulmonary mechanics, and/or to develop methods to identify patient-specific parameters which cannot be measured non-invasively, during CPAP therapy....
Article
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Study design A training intervention study using standing dynamic load-shifting Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) in a group of individuals with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) T2 to T10. Objectives Investigate the effect of FES-assisted dynamic load-shifting exercises on bone mineral density (BMD). Setting University Lab within the Biome...
Article
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Brain–computer interface (BCI) and assistive robotics are the emerging topics for research in the Biomedical Engineering field. Several remarkable findings have already been observed in both the areas. But still, there are some research efforts required for improving the previous results. A robust real-time guideline for controlling an assistive ro...
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In recent years, machine learning (ML) algorithms have become of paramount importance in computer science research, both in the electronic and biomedical fields [...]
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In a recent study in Nature Biomedical Engineering, Wei’s group constructed a field-effect transistor (FET) based on the “molecular electromechanical system” (MolEMS). MolEMS enabled FETs to specifically capture viral nucleic acids and efficiently transduce signals, achieving a rapid and ultra-sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2.
Article
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Background: Serious but rare side effects associated with immunotherapy pose a difficult problem for regulators and practitioners. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have come into widespread use in oncology in recent years and are associated with rare cardiotoxicity, including potentially fatal myocarditis. To date, no comprehensive model of myo...
Article
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Wilson C Lai,1 Hunter L Bohlen,1 Nathan P Fackler,1,2 Dean Wang1,3 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCI Health, Orange, CA, USA; 2Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA; 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USACorrespondence: Dean Wang, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UCI H...
Article
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In order to improve the detection and identification ability of sports injury ultrasound medicine, a segmentation method of sports injury ultrasound medical image based on local features is proposed, and the research on the sports injury ultrasound medical detection and identification ability is carried out. Methods of the sports injury ultrasound...
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La Revista de Investigación e Información en Salud (RIIS) es una publicación científica arbitrada, editada por la Dirección Nacional de Investigación, Coordinación de investigación clínica y la Coordinación de publicaciones y difusión científica de la Universidad del Valle; desde su creación el 2005, nuestra misión ha sido ofrecer un espacio de...
Conference Paper
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Italy ICBBE22 is pleased to inform you that your abstract entitled, "Sars-cov-2 SPIKE Protein and derivates toxicology: fertility-and teratogen evaluation state of evidence-hypotesys of work" has been accepted by the Organizing Committee to present at the "2 nd International Webinar on Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering" scheduled On December...
Article
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Technical system (TS) models are widely used for setting and solving problems for the improvement of biomedical engineering systems beyond simple parameter optimisation. They mostly focus on system elements, the change or replacement of which can provide significant technical and economic benefits. The natures of TS models and their methods of cons...
Article
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To cite this article: Rahat Zarin (2022): Modeling and numerical analysis of fractional order hepatitis B virus model with harmonic mean type incidence rate, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, ABSTRACT A mathematical epidemiological model for the transmission of Hepatitis B virus in the frame of fractional derivative with...
Preprint
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This book/eBook: “Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models,” and Free dataset for book/eBook: Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models: focuses on the relationship between three different multidisciplinary engineering branches: “Biomedical Engineering,” “Cognitive Sci...
Conference Paper
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Preface It is a pleasure to welcome all participants of the 7 th International Conference on Computational & Mathematical Biomedical Engineering to Milan. This seventh edition is hosted by one of the most prestigious universities in Italy, Politecnico di Milano. CMBE is an important forum for sharing progress and knowledge within the community inte...
Presentation
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ستنظم الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة في بغداد بالتعاون مع الجامعة العراقية في بغداد وجامعة وسط أوكلاهوما في الولايات المتحدة دورة تدريبية بعنوان (( استخدام الحفر الضوئي في هندسة الطب الحياتي )) ولمدة أربعة ايام متتالية حيث سيتم في اليومين الأول والثاني تقديم محاضرات مكثفة حول موضوع الدورة من قبل اثنين من الأساتذة المتخصصين...
Technical Report
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The biomedical research with the aid of CFD software is still emerging which incorporated the physiology and pathophysiology of cardiovascular system and respiratory system through simulation. Various researches of simulation and clinical results had been studied, particularly the analyses of blood flow and nasal airflow. In most researches, the bl...
Article
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Background Advances in sports medicine, rehabilitation applications and diagnostics of neuromuscular disorders are based on the analysis of skeletal muscle contractions. Recently, medical imaging techniques have transformed the study of muscle contractions, by allowing identification of individual motor units’ activity, within the whole studied mus...
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Objective: To evaluate the effect of 3d printed models on surgical pre-operative planning of complex spinal deformities. Methods: In our study, five orthopedic surgeons made surgical planning of 5 patients with severe spinal deformity in three conditions: X-ray with computer tomography (X-ray-CT), 3D-computed tomography (3dCT), and 3d printed sp...
Chapter
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Composites, also known as composite materials, are man made materials made up of two or more constituent materials that have vastly different physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. The specific qualities of the constituent parts, as well as their respective volume fractions and configurations in the material system, determine the compos...
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3D Printing has a wide range of technologies and applications used in healthcare. In this work, a thorough literature review, concerning the last decade, was conducted in major bibliographic databases. The aim is to report the main applications and materials used in healthcare. In addition, this work tries to identify possible health issues due to...
Presentation
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Presentation of project and work done so far for 7th International Conference on Computational and Mathematical Biomedical Engineering (CMBE22)
Poster
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El objetivo en este análisis de libros antiguos de medicina lleva a exponer las ilustraciones que favorecían y facilitaban la enseñanza del arte de la cirugía. Imágenes de instrumentos diseñados por sabios médicos del Medievo que proporcionaron las herramientas adecuadas para el avance de las técnicas quirúrgicas. Desde el proyecto De Antiquis Libr...
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RESUMEN En el presente artículo se analiza el desarrollo de la bioética y la ingeniería biomédica como ramas complementarias entre sí, debido a que hay una relación directa entre la toma de decisiones y los conceptos que se aplican en ambas ciencias, por ello se toma en cuenta cuales son las prácticas y los campos en los que actúa el ingeniero biom...
Poster
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Fundamentals of Biomedical Engineering (16-Hours, Self-Paced Course)
Article
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In recent years, hydrogel-based research in biomedical engineering has attracted more attention. Cellulose-based hydrogels have become a research hotspot in the field of functional materials because of their outstanding characteristics such as excellent flexibility, stimulus-response, biocompatibility, and degradability. In addition, cellulose-base...
Book
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This book covers the most important topics in the field of personalized orthopedics. It starts with the 3D geometry of the bones, focusing on the problem of reverse engineering of the bones. It also shows the application of a 3D geometric model of bone for the design of personalized implants and prostheses. This book covers the application of addit...
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Recently, ‘medicine in silico’ has been strongly encouraged due to ethical and legal limitations related to animal experiments and investigations conducted on patients. Computer models, particularly the very complex ones (virtual patients—VP), can be used in medical education and biomedical research as well as in clinical applications. Simpler pati...
Poster
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Roadmap of the IBERUS project: Biomedical Engineering Network Applied to Neuromusculoskeletal System Diseases Within Clinical and Out-of-Hospital Settings
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Poor ionic conductivity of the catalyst-binding, submicrometer- thick ionomer layers in energy conversion and storage devices is a huge challenge. However, ionomers are rarely designed keeping in mind the specific issues associated with nanoconfinement. Here, we designed nature-inspired ionomers (calix-2) having hollow, macrocyclic, calix[4]arene-b...
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Biomedical engineers are considered the personnel who provide tools that could be used in diagnosis and treatment of an illness or a disease. Biomedical engineers apply a variety of concepts (such as mechanical, chemical, optical, and electrical concepts) to solve medical and biological problems. Studying the history of biomedical engineering is be...
Cover Page
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Top reviewer for Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering in last 12 months
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Electrical stimulation of gametes and embryos as well as on-chip manipulation of microdroplets of culture medium serve as promising tools for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). Thus far, dielectrophoresis (DEP), electrorotation (ER) and electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) proved compatible with most laboratory procedures offered by ARTs. Po...
Conference Paper
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We show the main results of Biomedical Engineering undergraduate program in Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana (Cujae) and the contribution of the Department of Bioengineering (CEBIO) to the development of this important speciality in our country.
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Gizeaddis Lamesgin Simegn,1 Worku Birhanie Gebeyehu,2 Mizanu Zelalem Degu2 1School of Biomedical Engineering, Jimma Institute of Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia; 2Faculty of Computing, Jimma Institute of Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, EthiopiaCorrespondence: Gizeaddis Lamesgin Simegn, Tel +251913925481, Email gizeaddis.lamesgin@...
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The embedded electronic medical record (EMR) information is analysed through a neural network algorithm in the field of deep learning to mine the main sentence of EMR text. The pure convolutional neural network model (PCNN) based on pooled and non-pooled analysis is constructed based on deep learning CNN to mine EMR text. An association classificat...
Conference Paper
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A database is an organized collection of data that allows content to be easily accessed, managed, retrieved and updated when required. A Web-based Biomedical Database Management System was developed for a multispecialty hospital to provide assistance for the hospital in order to manage and maintain their own database. Data of 348 medical equipment...
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Supporting the expansion of best practices in Biomedical Engineering (BME) can facilitate pathway toward the providing universal health coverage and more equitable and accessible healthcare technologies, especially in low- and middle-income (LMI) settings. These best practices can act as drivers of change and may involve scientific-technological is...
Experiment Findings
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This document shows a brief how the biomedical engineering students were exploring areas and ways to improve the ECG patient monitoring in 1985. It is presented here to see the vast development in this area and biomedical equipment sciences and innovations since then.
Article
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In the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM), the use of traditional biomaterials capable of integrating the host tissue to promote the healing and regenerative process while it degrades has become less and less a focus of inspiration [...]
Book
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International Conference on Machines and Mechanisms (iNaCoMM 2021) was the 5International and 20 National conference in the series of biennial conferences organised under the aegis of the Association for Machines and Mechanism (AMM), which is theIndian national affiliate of the International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Sci...
Article
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Mishaps connected with clinical gadgets are an overall issue and result in numerous passings every year. It influences patients, family members, medical services laborers and society. Because of the intricacy of escalated care units (ICUs), such mishaps lead to especially genuine results. The point of this proposal was to distinguish patient securi...
Article
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Women in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering (WiMPBME) is a Task Group established in 2014 under the International Union of Physical and Engineering Scientists in Medicine (IUPESM). The group’s main role is to identify, develop, implement, and coordinate various tasks and projects related to women’s needs and roles in medical physics and bio...
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Hydrogel materials have great application value in biomedical engineering. Among them, photocrosslinked hydrogels have attracted much attention due to their variety and simple convenient preparation methods. Here, we provide a systematic review of the biomedical-engineering applications of photocrosslinked hydrogels. First, we introduce the types o...
Article
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This paper describes the fabrication opportunities that Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) offer for electronic and biomedical engineering. Historically, PCB substrates have been used to support the components of the electronic devices, linking them using copper lines, and providing input and output pads to connect the rest of the system. In addition, t...
Article
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of different intracorneal ring segments (ICRS) combinations on corneal morphology and visual performance on patients with keratoconus. Methods: A total of 124 eyes from 96 patients who underwent ICRS surgery were analyzed and classified into 7 groups based on ICRS disposition and the di...
Article
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Silk fibroin (SF) is a natural protein (biopolymer) extracted from the cocoons of Bombyx mori L. (silkworm). It has many properties of interest in the field of biotechnology, the most important being biodegradability, biocompatibility and robust mechanical strength with high tensile strength. SF is usually dissolved in water-based solvents and can...
Preprint
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We need to understand that classically Physician and nurse education is evolving to the "Digitalization Eras" and be prepared for the "Modern Well-being Era". Where: "Classical Physician, nurse and healthcare education" has special knowledge and skills derived from rigorous education, training, and experience, then "medical education remains based...
Article
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Purpose: To clarify the short-term effect of topical anesthetics on 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid amplicon sequencing results in ocular surface microbiome research. Methods: Both eyes of 24 eligible volunteers undergoing general anesthesia were sampled. Before sampling, a drop of artificial tears or a drop of topical anesthetic was applied in a...
Article
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The socioeconomic , technological and emotional imbalance remains an issue of individual growth in career development and work-life balance. The impact of mentoring programs for sustainable career development and work and lifestyle balance in biomedical professions was examined. Career development was studied using self-assessment, career awareness...
Article
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Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems are urgently required for injectable site-specific delivery and release of drugs in a controlled manner. For this purpose, we developed novel pH-sensitive, biodegradable, and antimicrobial hydrogels from bio-macromolecule pectin, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), 3-aminopropyl (diethoxy)methyl silane (3-APDEMS), a...
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Cardiovascular disease represents the leading cause of death in the United States, and metabolic diseases such as obesity represent the primary impediment to improving cardiovascular health. Rodent (mouse and rat) models are widely used to model cardiometabolic disease, and as a result, there is increasing interest in the development of accurate an...
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Objectives: In patients with prostate cancer (PC) receiving prostate-specific membrane antigen- (PSMA-) targeted radioligand therapy (RLT), higher baseline standardized uptake values (SUVs) are linked to improved outcome. Thus, readers deciding on RLT must have certainty on the repeatability of PSMA uptake metrics. As such, we aimed to evaluate th...
Article
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Shape memory materials have been playing an important role in a wide range of bioengineering applications. At the same time, recent developments of graphene-based nanostructures, such as nanoribbons, have demonstrated that, due to the unique properties of graphene, they can manifest superior electronic, thermal, mechanical, and optical characterist...
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Purpose: To evaluate the thickness of the intraoperative layers of 10 different ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVD) covering the corneal endothelium during simulated lens surgery in a porcine model. Methods: This experimental study took place at the Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Austria....
Article
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The aim of this work is to design and implement an ECG generator for didactic biomedical engineering laboratory. The proposed generator provides analog ECG signals using synthesized or experimental records. The technique used in this work consists to generate the desired ECG waveforms through the PWM outputs of an Arduino board and low-pass filter....
Conference Paper
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Delve into the 21st century to welcome telehealth! It has taken so long coming, only to be accelerated by the COVID -19 pandemic. With the advent of telehealth solutions, healthcare systems are on the edge of the biggest gush in activity in over a century. In this paper, we look for evidence in the literature that treats the disruption introduced b...
Preprint
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The realization of your technology ideas as solutions for actual health problems, are for themselves the best life prize, when them help others! Proud to introduce you my two Books / eBook with tools to drive healthcare technology innovation: Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models & Applied Biomechatronics...
Conference Paper
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As part of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) within Biomedical Engineering, telehealth is an emerging field. Due to the recent events surrounding COVID-19, it has become obvious that Telehealth treatments must be developed as a means of protecting vulnerable patients in hospitals by reducing the need to visit and therefore reducing risk to phys...
Article
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Due to ligament laxity, bearing dislocation occurs in 1–6% of Oxford Domed Lateral (ODL) replacements with most dislocations occurring medially. Dislocations were studied using a previously built mechanical rig, however testing using the rig was inefficient. The aim of this study was to develop a better tool that was more reliable and efficient. An...
Book
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I have relished teaching Biochemistry during my more than Ten years teaching experience in a medical, dental, nursing and health science colleges. It was because of constant inspiration from my students that I could come up with Essentials Textbook of Biochemistry for Nursing book, which hopefully would meet the inadequacies the students face in ot...
Article
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Contamination of biomedical products with pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) is one of the main causes of hospital-acquired infections (HAI), and a major burden to the healthcare system. The development of biomaterials that can hamper the contamination of surfaces is vital to decrease patient-related infections in healthcare s...
Article
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This paper provides a synopsis of discussions related to the Learning Environments track of the Fourth BME Education Summit held at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio in May 2019. This summit was organized by the Council of Chairs of Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering, and participants included over 300 faculty members from 1...
Article
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Using energy efficiency to increase the life and sustainability of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for biomedical applications is still a challenge. Clustering has boosted energy productivity by allowing cluster heads to be categorized, but its implementation is still a challenge. Existing cluster head selection criteria start with determining acce...
Article
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Mechanical overload of the vascular wall is a pathological hallmark of life-threatening abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, how this mechanical stress resonates at the unicellular level of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is undefined. Here we show defective mechano-phenotype signatures of VSMC in AAA measured with ultrasound tweezers-bas...
Article
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Volatile organic compounds are released during 3D printing, which can irritate the throat mucosa, cause cardiovascular disease and even, in extreme cases, cause a stroke. The survey research was carried out regionally, in the Greater Poland area, with students and lecturers of Poznań University of Technology. The survey was conducted in October and...