Science topic

Biological Psychology - Science topic

Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology is the application of the principles of biology (in particular neurobiology), to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in human and non-human animals. It typically investigates at the level of nerves, neurotransmitters, brain circuitry and the basic biological processes that underlie normal and abnormal behavior.
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Publications related to Biological Psychology (4,205)
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Background Low back pain (LBP) is influenced by interrelated biological, psychological, and social factors, however current back pain management is largely dominated by one-size fits all unimodal treatments. Team based models with multiple provider types from complementary professional disciplines is one way of integrating therapies to address pati...
Article
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Objective: To develop targeted treatment for young people experiencing mental illness , a better understanding of the biological, psychological, and social changes is required, particularly during the early stages of illness. To do this, large datasets need to be collected using standardized methods. A harmonized data collection protocol was tested...
Article
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Tendinopathy describes a spectrum of changes that occur in damaged tendons, leading to pain and reduced function that remains extremely challenging for all clinicians. There is an increasing awareness of the influence that psychological and psychosocial components, such as self-efficacy and fear-avoidance, have on rehabilitation outcomes in musculo...
Article
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Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a heterogeneous disorder of gut‐brain interaction (DGBI) maintained by interacting biological, psychological, and social processes. Interestingly, there are two contrasting yet evidence‐based treatment approaches for reducing IBS symptoms: exclusion diets such as those low in fermentable oligo‐, di‐, mon...
Article
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Background: Opioid use disorders are complex and involve biological, psychological and socioeconomic influences with long lasting changes in the brain resulting from chronic opioid use. Some of these changes relate to reactivity to opioid-related cues which are central to the continuation of opioid use. As these changes take time to reset, risk of...
Article
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Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a growing disabling condition affecting around 280 million people worldwide. This complex entity is the result of the interplay between biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors, and compelling evidence suggests that MDD can be considered a disease that occurs as a consequence of an evolutionary mismatc...
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Authors analyzed the problematic use of pornographic websites and Internet sex addiction in representative samples of respondents from different age groups including 2948 respondents from Serbia and 1486 from Montenegro. In this study, the authors focused on researching problematic and addictive behavior related to Internet sex in Serbia and Monten...
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The study of brain asymmetry in humans represents a long-standing topic in the bi-obehavioral sciences and remains an attractive research domain with many potential ap-plications [...]
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BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, there has been an increasing interest to view the diagnosis of Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) through the lens of the biopsychosocial model. However, other than a few epidemiological surveys, there is a dearth of studies from emerging economies that have examined FH using the biological, psychological and so...
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Chronic pain conditions are complex syndromes characterized by a mosaic of biological, psychological, and social factors. We derived predictive models for the number of co-existing pain sites in the UK Biobank and identified a common risk score that classified different chronic pain conditions in cross-sectional data, predicted the development of c...
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This article supports the expansion of Engel’s (Science (AAAS) 196(4286):129–136, 1977) biopsychosocial model into a biopsychosocial-spiritual model, as Sulmasy (The Gerontologist 42(5):24–33, 2002) and others have suggested. It utilizes case studies to describe five areas of clinical work within mental health (religious grandiosity, depression and...
Article
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Introduction: Suicide affects the lives of many individuals all over the world and is a severe public health concern. Among all the ages, youth suicide is one of the severe topics to be concerned about due to the years of their life lost. As a result, we require a thorough understanding of the risk factors contributing to young suicide cases. This...
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The heralded psychedelic renaissance is currently at a new level where psychedelics are being normalized. Medicalization and the ongoing introduction of market forces are imposing a trend in which psychedelic treatments are reduced to focus into strictly pharmacological and psychological effects on the self, rather than interactions with broader so...
Article
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Introduction Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is described as pain that persists for longer than 3 months. At present, no research is available that understands why CMP develops and continues from the perspective of the individual. Research is needed to establish if there are any consistent biopsychosocial factors perceived as contributing to CMP...
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Yoga is a magical term which means and promotes the "union" of mind, body, and psychological status of human beings that goes beyond physical activity and exercise. Many countries address the integration of yoga in numerous meetings to find the solutions for the complex health-related situations and to bring harmony. Yoga possesses biological, psyc...
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Introduction. One of the factors increasing the body's response to a stressful situation is isolation. The feeling of loneliness in isolation can be caused by biological, psychological or medical factors. Material and methods: This paper is a review of publications issued in 2009–2021, the most up-to-date in terms of information on the topic of str...
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COVID-19 has resulted biological, psychological, and economic vulnerability on women's reproduction. During the pandemic, women undergoing reproductive functions can not afford sufficient nutritional needs. At the same time, they also do not receive adequate accommodation support during self-isolation. This study aims to complement the existing stu...
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Adolescence is a complicated, full of challenges and explorations period in life on the way to adulthood. The behaviour of adolescents is considerably re-configuring under the pressure of biological, psychological, and social transformations, and the internalization of community rules and values, as well as the adoption of desirable behaviours, is...
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The motive pursuing this research venture is to discuss the short stories of Rashid Jahan which is translated by Dr. Rakhshanda Jalil in the book A Rebel and Her Cause. Rashid Jahan was an Urdu feminist writer in pre and post partition era of Indian subcontinent. The translator of the book Dr. Rakhshanda Jalil is a well-known Indian writer, critic...
Preprint
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Background Chronic fatigue with a debilitating effect on daily life is a frequently reported symptom among adolescents and young adults with a history of Q-fever infection (QFS). Persisting fatigue after infection may have a biological origin with psychological and social factors contributing to the disease phenotype. This is consistent with the bi...
Article
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Background Chronic back pain is prevalent in Brazil, leading to enormous healthcare costs and social burdens. It also disproportionately affects low-income and less-healthy people. Objectives This study examines the associations of chronic back pain with biological, psychological, and social factors; how it limits usual activities; and how chronic...
Article
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In a previous integrative single-case study, we collected biological, psychological and social time-series data on a 25-year-old healthy woman over the course of 126 12-h intervals (63 days) and used urinary neopterin as an indicator of cellular immune activity [Schubert et al. 2012 (1)]. The present re-evaluation introduced Dynamic Complexity (DC)...
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The sensory experience of pain depends not only on the transmission of noxious information (nociception), but on the state of the body in a biological, psychological, and social milieu. A brainstem pain-modulating system with its output node in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) can regulate the threshold and gain for nociceptive transmission....
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This commentary reviews some biological, psychological and social issues related to climate change on infants, children, and adolescents.
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Purpose Consistent predictors of weight loss outcomes with very low-energy diets (VLEDs) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have not been identified. This study aimed to identify variables predictive of weight loss success in obese patients with OSA undertaking an intensive weight loss programme. Methods We analysed biological, psychological, and be...
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Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) affect over half of the adults in the United States and are known to contribute to the development of a wide variety of negative health and behavioral outcomes. The consequences of ACE exposure have been studied in patient populations that include individuals with gynecologic, orthopedic, metabolic, autoimmune,...
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Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal pain syndrome characterized with the presence of sensitive points and widespread chronic pain and restricts one's daily life activities and decreases the quality of life. The etiology of fibromyalgia is unclear, but there are numerous hypotheses regarding the emergence and progression of the disease. Among these, t...
Book
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The affectivity system is composed of positive and negative affect, which are indicators of well-being influenced by genes and the environment to different extent (for a review see Cloninger & Garcia, 2015). Although most would agree to see positive and negative affect as opposite ends of a continuum, there is large evidence that they are best thou...
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Background Since December of 2019, coronavirus 19 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly around the world. Our understanding of the infection has grown over the past year, and its impact on older adults is particularly significant. Apart from the direct impacts of COVID-19 infections, it has also led to lockdowns which, in turn, result in isolation and lone...
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Psychobiological research is a systems approach that aims to integrate the biological, psychological and social systems that may influence health or pathology, particularly in chronic diseases and physical and/or psychiatric disorders. In this approach, we can expect to be able to deduce a ‘biological signature’ associated with particular symptom c...
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The aim of this article is to present the construction and validation of an attitude scale for the older adults towards aging and old age. A quantitative, descriptive approach was used, and the population is of older adult residents in the city of Rio Paranaíba, Minas Gerais, Brazil, with a total of 252 participants. Data were collected using the s...
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Around 20% of the Dutch population is living with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP), which is a complex and multifactorial problem. This complexity makes it hard to define a classification system, which results in non-satisfactory referring from the general practitioner (GP). CMP is often explained using the biopsychosocial model in which biologic...
Article
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This article is a hypothesis and theory paper. It elaborates on the possible relation between music as a stimulus and its possible effects, with a focus on the question of why listeners are experiencing pleasure and reward. Though it is tempting to seek for a causal relationship, this has proven to be elusive given the many intermediary variables t...
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Illusions are commonly defined as departures of our percepts from the veridical representation of objective, common-sense reality. However, it has been claimed recently that this definition lacks validity, for example, on the grounds that external reality cannot possibly be represented truly by our sensory systems, and indeed may even be a fiction....
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Objective: Describes the economic effects on bio-psychosocial homeostasis from a three-dimensional analysis of the joint interaction of biological, psychological and economic-social comorbidities, in order to know the probabilities of occurrence of these conditions simultaneously. Method: It is a cross-sectional study and random quota sampling....
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Medical sciences in their classic approach focus on objectively measured dimensions of human functioning and its disorders. Therefore, they are often far removed from the unique identity, experiences and needs of older people. The solution to this type of focusing on the biological, psychological or social dimension of the life of older people may...
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The World Health Organization (WHO) describes “health” as a state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Therefore, a biopsychosocial approach should be considered as an integral part of patients’ management. In this review, we summarize the available data starting from 1986 on the biological,...
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Purpose: Since 2014 in the Netherlands, sterilization is no longer required for legal gender affirmation. Access to fertility preservation (FP) options is indispensable to grant equal reproductive rights to this population. This study aims to map existing literature on barriers and enabling factors for trans masculine individuals to access FP in th...
Conference Paper
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Gender is one of the most important issues in human life, which includes sexual identities and roles, sexual orientation, lust, pleasure, intimacy, and reproduction. Gender represents peoples' thoughts, dreams, desires, beliefs, values, behaviours, practices, roles, and relations. Although gender includes these aspects, not all of them are always e...
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This paper analyzes the political, philosophical, societal, legal, educational, biological, psychological and technological reasons why there is an urgent need for basic intercultural and interfaith ethics in the world and whether it is possible to formulate a valid code of such ethics. It is shown that universal ethics could be founded on natural...
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(Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have extremely harmful impacts on an individual’s physical, social and mental health throughout their life-span. Recently, it has been reported that maternal ACEs increase the risk of developmental delay in the offspring across generations. This mini review focuses on the direct relationship between maternal AC...
Article
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Objectives Palliative psychiatry is a new approach for the care of patients with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) which systematically considers biological, psychological, social, and existential factors of care. To assess the attitudes of psychiatrists in India toward palliative psychiatry for patients with SPMI and to compare these to...
Article
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The geriatric population is increasing in trend worldwide. Therefore, more morbidities would be expected to occur and be detected, including deterioration of cognitive health among the older population. Dementia will cause a reduced quality of life for the patient and their caretaker. Nevertheless, if the disease is detected earlier in its pre-clin...
Article
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It is widely known that fertility is determined by a complex set of biological, psychological, socioeconomic , cultural, political and legal factors. These factors affect the fertility dynamics directly or indirectly. Although the past studies have suggested about a lot of variables for the estimation of total fertility rate, and various fertility...
Article
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The rising prevalence of depression among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients has triggered an alarming situation, and further actions need to be taken by health care professionals and policymakers to curb the issue. There is a lack of evidence review in terms of the biopsychosocial and nutritional factors that are related to depression among...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which Norwegians are satisfied with their singlehood, and to determine the association between being single and sexual activity. Data were obtained from a questionnaire survey of a representative web sample of 1076 unpartnered individuals (568 women, 508 men) aged 18–89 years. A total of 45.2% o...
Article
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Surveys report that about three-quarters of visits to general practitioners in America are for stress-related complaints. Animal and human studies have consistently demonstrated that exposure to acute and/or chronic stress leads to the activation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and/or hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and to the prod...
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Introduction Mental health problems and musculoskeletal pain are common health problems among young adults including students. Little is known about the aetiology and prognosis of these problems in university students. We aim to determine the role of personal, sociodemographic, academic and environmental factors for risk and prognosis of symptoms o...
Article
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Chronic pain remains a very difficult condition to manage for healthcare workers and patients. Different options are being considered and a biopsychosocial approach seems to have the most benefit, since chronic pain influences biological, psychological and social factors. A conservative approach with medication is the most common type of treatment...
Article
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Purpose The current clinical practice in reproductive medicine should pose the couple at the centre of the diagnostic–therapeutic management of infertility and requires intense collaboration between the andrologist, the gynaecologist and the embryologist. The andrologist, in particular, to adequately support the infertile couple, must undertake imp...
Article
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from the day of birth, we as humans, cultivate different gender norms and roles in order to survive in life until death. This procedure is well known as gender socialization. As academics, this process can be theoretically analysed by using several theories and methodologies which gives a new perspective of gender. All the theories mentioned in thi...
Chapter
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Mother Loss The loss of a parent during childhood is considered as one of the deepest losses that a child can experience in life (Kennedy, McIntyre, Worth & Hogg, 2015). For children, attachment figures are generally accepted as their parents, and therefore, loss after parental death brings many difficult processes for children (Bildik, 2013). Espe...
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The preschool period is most favourable for the development of children as a process of transformation on a biological, psychological and social basis. The adoption of new motor actions and knowledge is a basic task in the educational process. It is relevant to children’s abilities mastery of different educative information. Including the judo conc...
Article
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Introduction: Men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV are more likely to be depressed than MSM without HIV. The AIDS epidemic will not end if the needs of people living with HIV and the determinants of health are not being addressed. Compared to HIV individuals without depression, depressed HIV individuals have worse clinical outcomes and...
Article
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Smoking cessation is a major public health goal today as smoking has threatened the safety, health, and lives of millions of people in the global community. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the role of biopsychosocial and spiritual factors towards the readiness to quit smoking and smoking cessation. The results of the study found...
Preprint
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Profesi keperawatan mengenal empat tingkatan teori, yang terdiri dari meta theory, grand theory, middle range theory, dan practice theory. Dalam aplikasi teori keperawatan empat tingkatan teori tersebut tercermin dalam filosofi dan paradigma keperawatan sebagai contoh teori keperawatan yang dikemukakan oleh Orem dapat disimpulkan bahwa filosofi teo...
Article
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Background: Chronic pain is a global public health issue with increasing prevalence. Chronic pain causes sleep disorder, reactive anxiety, and depression, impairs the quality of life; it burdens the individual and society as a whole. The aim of this study was to examine non-medical factors related to the outcome of the treatment of chronic non-mal...
Article
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Deficits in fear conditioning related to psychopathy have been widely studied in adults. However, evidence in children and adolescents is scarce and inconsistent. This research aimed to expand knowledge about fear conditioning in psychopathy and its dimensions in child and early adolescent clinical populations. Participants were 45 boys (outpatient...
Article
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Adolescents (10 to 19 years) living with HIV (ALHIV) experience disproportionately poor adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) compared to other age groups. Several barriers, including psychosocial challenges, contribute to this observation. Psychosocial support (PSS) interventions show promising results as a strategy to deal with the biologic...
Article
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This study examined the prospective relationships between preschoolers’ body mass index (BMI) and cognitive development. BMI, cognitive (i.e., Brigance), sex, and age data were collected from seven cohorts of children attending Head Start from 2012 to 2018. Children (N = 324) with two years of complete data were included. After controlling for the...
Article
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This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate whether COVID-19 lockdown caused biological, psychological, and/or physical performance variations in footballers. We compared the 2018/2019 and 2019/2020 seasons evaluating the plasma volume, hematological parameters, iron/ferritin, creatine kinase, vitamin D, cortisol, testosterone, and physiologica...
Article
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Objective: Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized nations. Many patients living with chronic cardiovascular disease suffer from complex multimorbidities requiring high-intensity care and behavioral risk factor management, and about a third copresent with a mental health disorder. These comanif...
Article
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We summarize and elaborate on the challenges of researching in the field of human health in Antarctica based on the conceptual and methodological specificities of a line of investigation that aims to study the human presence in Antarctica in all of its dimensions (biological, psychological, and socio-anthropological). Herein, we discuss the princip...
Article
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Background Health complexity includes biological, psychological, social, and health systems. Having complex health needs is associated with poorer clinical outcomes and higher healthcare costs. Care management for people with health complexity is increasingly recommended in primary health care (PHC). The INTERMED complexity assessment grid showed a...
Article
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Life skill education plays a key role in promoting psychological well-being and quality of a satisfying life for students such that they can lead an effective life. Adolescents are expected to cope with various crucial social situations. Life skills education refers to the fundamental abilities that help adolescents to develop the skills they will...
Article
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Scientific and clinical work concerning the etiology of substance use and addiction has come a long way in the past decades. Current theories highlight the notion that addiction is rooted in deficits in neurobiological and psychological reward mechanisms, but also as a coping-oriented effort to contend with, or "self-medicate," negative emotional e...
Preprint
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This Guide is intended to support attorneys and judges in familiarizing themselves with the contours of the relevant science and how it can be applied to individual cases. A working knowledge of developmental and brain science allows attorneys and judges to make best use of what a juvenile defendant’s life course, circumstances of an alleged offens...
Article
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Purpose of Review Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a multi-network brain disorder that encompasses a broad range of neurological symptoms. FND is common in pediatric practice. It places substantial strains on children, families, and health care systems. Treatment begins at assessment, which requires the following: the medical task of makin...