Science topic

Biofeedback - Science topic

Biofeedback is the process of becoming aware of various physiological functions using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will. Processes that can be controlled include brainwaves, muscle tone, skin conductance, heart rate and pain perception.
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Publications related to Biofeedback (10,000)
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Moving towards a systems psychiatry paradigm embraces the inherent complex interactions across all levels from micro to macro and necessitates an integrated approach to treatment. Cortical 5-HT2A receptors are key primary targets for the effects of serotonergic psychedelics. However, the therapeutic mechanisms underlying psychedelic therapy are com...
Article
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Background: There isevidence that device-guided slow breathing using biofeedback acutely reduces blood pressure (BP) and pulse wave velocity [i.e. increased pulse arrival time (PAT)]. Objectives: The objectives of the study presented here were to test whether the results of changes observed in PAT in earlier studies are reproducible over 1 week...
Article
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Objective: To explore the effect of psychological nursing combined with biofeedback on the rehabilitation of patients with anxiety disorder. Methods: 100 patients with anxiety disorders in our hospital from January to December 2021 were randomly divided into two groups: control group (n = 50) and study group (n = 50). The control group was given ro...
Article
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In medicine and sport science, postural evaluation is an essential part of gait and posture correction. There are various instruments for quantifying the postural system’s efficiency and determining postural stability which are considered state-of-the-art. However, such systems present many limitations related to accessibility, economic cost, size,...
Preprint
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The Bayesian Hurst-Kolmogorov (HK) method estimates the Hurst exponent of a time series more accurately than the age-old detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), especially when the time series is short. However, this advantage comes at the cost of computation time. The computation time increases exponentially with N, easily exceeding several hours fo...
Article
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Introduction: A total of 60–80% of patients undergoing rectal resection (mostly as a treatment for rectal cancer) suffer from a variety of partly severe functional problems despite preservation of the anal sphincter. These patients are summarized under the term low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Preoperative radiotherapy, vascular dissection a...
Article
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Activities and physical effort have been commonly estimated using a metabolic rate through indirect calorimetry to capture breath information. The physical effort represents the work hardness used to optimize wearable robotic systems. Thus, personalization and rapid optimization of the effort are critical. Although respirometry is the gold standard...
Article
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Introduction Current clinical applications of virtual reality (VR) provide patients with transient pain relief during acutely painful events by redirecting attention. Biofeedback (BF) is a mind–body therapy that effectively produces sustained pain reduction, but there are obstacles to its routine use. Combined, BF-based VR (VR-BF) may increase acce...
Article
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We discuss Heart Rate Variability (HRV) measured during mindful breathing meditation. We provide a pedagogical computation of two commonly used heart rate variability metrics, i.e. the root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD) and the standard deviation of RR intervals (SDRR), in terms of Fourier components. It is shown that the root mean...
Preprint
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Voluntary movement is driven by the primary motor cortex (M1), and individuals can learn to modulate even single neurons at will. Yet M1 also receives pronounced sensory inputs and contributes to sensory-driven motor responses. To what extent do these non-volitional signals restrict voluntary modulation of M1? Using a task in which the firing rate...
Article
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Tele-rehabilitation has the potential to considerably change the way patients are monitored from their homes during the care process, by providing equitable access without the need to travel to rehab centers or shoulder the high cost of personal in-home services. Developing a tele-rehab platform with the capability of automating exercise guidance i...
Preprint
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The incorporation of empathic systems in everyday life draws a lot of attention from society. Specifically, the use of wearables to perform stress regulation is a growing field of research. Among techniques explored, the haptic emulation of lowered physiological signals has been suggested to be promising. However, some discrepancies remain in empir...
Article
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Previous research suggests that implicit automatic emotion regulation relies on the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). However, most of the human studies supporting this hypothesis have been correlational in nature. In the current study, we examine how changes in mPFC-left amygdala functional connectivity relate to emotional memory biases. In a rando...
Article
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Augmented feedback provided by a coach or augmented reality system can facilitate the acquisition of a motor skill. Verbal instructions and visual aids can be effective in providing feedback about the kinematics of the desired movements. However, many skills require mastering not only kinematic, but also complex kinetic patterns, for which feedback...
Article
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Pain affects every fifth adult worldwide and is a significant health problem. From a physiological perspective, pain is a protective reaction that restricts physical functions and causes responses in physiological systems. These responses are accessible for evaluation via recorded biosignals and can be favorably used as feedback in active pain ther...
Article
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Background Anorectal function tests are helpful for objective investigation of anorectal (dys)function. A variety of tests are available, but there is no recommendation when to perform which test. Furthermore, which test is the most accurate is controversial and the correlation between these tests is not very clear. The aim of our study was to exam...
Preprint
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Stroke is a medical condition that can affect motor function, particularly dynamic balance. Biofeedback can aid in rehabilitation procedures which help patients to regain lost motor activity and recover functionality. In this work, we are presenting a robotic smart-vest device that can analyze Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) data and assist in reha...
Article
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Excessive masticatory muscle activity is generally present in awake bruxism, which is related to increased anxiety and stress. It has been hypothesized that biofeedback could potentially manage awake bruxism, however, its effectiveness has not been empirically analyzed in a systematic manner. Therefore, this systematic review was designed to determ...
Article
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With the rapid development of today's society, the pressure of study and over-reliance on Internet mobile phones lead to zero communication, no communication and no talk. In universities, the number of students with depression tendency is increasing day by day. In recent years, campus cases caused by depression and autism have occurred frequently i...
Article
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Background: The London Classification for anorectal physiological dysfunction specifically proposes rectoanal areflexia (RA), which means the absence of a rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) based on a manometric diagnosis. Although RA is not observed in healthy people, it can be found in adult patients with functional constipation (FC). This study...
Article
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Individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia face a myriad of obstacles to wellness, beginning with diagnostic discrepancies including over- and misdiagnoses on the schizophrenia spectrum. People with schizophrenia experience profound amounts of stigmatization from the general population, their healthcare providers, and even themselves. Such stigm...
Chapter
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Son yıllarda, farklı sağlık sorunlarının tedavisinde geleneksel/tamamlayıcı tedavi yöntemlerin kullanımına artan bir ilgi olduğu görülmektedir. Çeşitli kronik hastalıklarda geleneksel/tamamlayıcı tedavi yöntemlerin kullanımını ele alan araştırmalara rağmen, hipertansiyonda etkisi hakkında çok az şey bilinmektedir. Hipertansiyon, dünya çapında nüfus...
Article
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Biofeedback (BF) therapy methods have evolved considerably in recent years. The best known is biofeedback training based on heart rate variability (HRV), which is used to treat asthma, depression, stress, and anxiety, among other conditions, by synchronizing the rhythm of breathing and heartbeat. The aim of our research was to develop a methodology...
Article
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The ability to finely control hand grip forces can be compromised by neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, it is recommended to include the training and assessment of grip force control in rehabilitation therapy. The benefits of robot-mediated therapy have been widely reported in the literature, and its combination with virtual rea...
Article
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Background Functional nonretentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI) is an extremely embarrassing and psychologically frustrating shameful problem with bad impact on children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of biofeedback training in the treatment of FNRFI in children and its impact on the quality of life (QoL). Patients and...
Article
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Neurological diseases including stroke and neurodegenerative disorders cause a hefty burden on the healthcare system. Survivors experience significant impairment in mobility and daily activities, which requires extensive rehabilitative interventions to assist them to regain lost skills and restore independence. The advent of remote rehabilitation a...
Article
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Investigations of biofeedback (BF) and neurofeedback (NF) training for nicotine addiction have been long documented to lead to positive gains in smoking status, behavior and to changes in brain activity. We aimed to a) evaluate a multi-visit combined BF/NF intervention as an alternative smoking cessation approach, b) validate training-induced feedb...
Article
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Many balance assist or training systems have been developed to improve postural control, however these have limitations such as being bulky or unable to provide 2-dimensional feedback. Furthermore, efficiency of the commonly used vibro-tactile feedback modality can be reduced due to muscle fatigue. Therefore, we suggest a transcutaneous electrical...
Article
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Objective Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The most common clinical manifestations of MS are spasticity, pain, vesico-urethral disorders, cognitive impairments, chronic fatigue and sexual dysfunction. This review aims to explore the possible therapeutic option...
Article
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Pelvic floor musculature assessment methods are generally invasive, subjective, and technologically expensive. Therefore, there is a need to identify other methods that can predict changes in the function of these muscles. This study aimed to verify whether the levels of strength and myoelectric activity of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) can be related...
Preprint
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We present data from the Heart Rate Variability and Emotion Regulation (HRV-ER) randomized clinical trial testing effects of HRV biofeedback. Younger (N = 121, ages 18-31, 61 female) and older (N = 72, ages 55-80, 45 female) participants completed baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including T1-weighted, functional MRI (fMRI), pulsed continu...
Method
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This is a case study of successful non-pharmacological therapy for Urgent Urinary Incontinence (UUI) and Overactive Bladder (OAB). In a 67-year-old patient after complete robotic removal of the prostate, HRV emg biofeedback therapy, with the associated Combined Respiratory-Muscular Technique (CRMT), in the area of pelvic floor muscles (Kegel CRMT),...
Article
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Childhood nystagmus creates a visual storm both for the affected child and the treating doctor. This problem occurring in the development phase of the child affects not only the vision but also the general development, if not diagnosed and managed in time. Moreover, some forms may even harbor a neurological tumor needing timely management. First, a...
Chapter
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Biyolojik geri bildirim (biofeedback), hastalara belirli fizyolojik işlevleri değiştirmeyi öğretmek amacıyla fizyolojik bilgilerin görüntülenmesini ve kullanılmasını içerir (McKee, 2008). Daha geniş bir ifadeyle biofeedback, bireylerin fiziksel, zihinsel, duygusal ve ruhsal sağlık ve performansını iyileştirmek amacıyla, fizyolojik aktiviteyi nasıl...
Article
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Importance As more patients and clinicians are turning to mental health smartphone apps to expand access to services, little is known about the current state of the app marketplaces and what these apps are actually offering in terms of features, privacy, price, and services. Objective To assess the current state of mental health apps, explore the...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to compare functional performance, force sense of knee joint, kinesiophobia, quality of life, and activity level between patients with partial meniscectomy and healthy people. Methods: Twenty patients with partial meniscectomy within six months to three years postoperatively and 20 healthy were included in this...
Article
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Shoulder pain (SP) is a common clinical complaint among wheelchair basketball (WB) players, since their shoulders are exposed to intense overload and overhead movements. The supraspinatus tendon is the most exposed to WB-related injuries and it is primarily responsible for SP in WB athletes. In these cases, SP rehabilitation remains the main treatm...
Article
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Background: Following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, proprioceptive deficiency may be responsible for functional balance defects and joint instability. Recently, using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) or biofeedback has been recommended for athletes with ACL rupture. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effects o...
Article
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Background Depression is a common condition among cancer patients, across several points in the disease trajectory. Although presenting higher prevalence rates than the general population, it is often not reported or remains unnoticed. Moreover, somatic symptoms of depression are common in the oncological context and should not be dismissed as a ge...
Article
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, older adults with cognitive impairment experienced social isolation, stress, and challenges to stay healthy at home or in a long-term care facility. Technology-based interventions and assessment can be valuable in managing dementia at home before a crisis situation occurs, which can lessen caregiver burden and stress a...
Article
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This study assessed the feasibility of a remotely supervised online chair yoga (CY) intervention for older adults with dementia, exploring preliminary effects of CY on chronic pain, mobility, risk of falling, sleep disturbance, autonomic reactivity, cardiac rhythms (using IOM2 biofeedback device), and loneliness in this population. Using a one-grou...
Article
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Background The efficacy of surface electroencephalographic neurofeedback (EEG-NF) for improving attentional performance assessed by laboratory measures in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains unclear. Methods Following the PRISMA guidelines, the PubMed, Embase, ClinicalKey, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, Web of S...
Article
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Background: Functional limitations after a stroke are unique to each person and often include impaired independent mobility. A reduction in existing gait deficits after a stroke is often one of the main goals of rehabilitation. Gait re-education after stroke is a complex process, which consists of the effects of many therapeutic interventions. Ob...
Article
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Introduction: Back pain is an extremely common symptom experienced by people of all ages and the number one cause of disability worldwide. ² Poor posture has been identified as one of the factors leading to back pain. Digital biofeedback technology demonstrates the promising therapeutic ability in pain management through posture training. One commo...
Article
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Intervention programs are very important in helping students who are weak in learning mathematics at school. This study aims to see how the Stroop training technique and Biofeedback training can be used to help students to improve coherence score performance and also academic performance. Previous studies prove that Stroop training can help individ...
Article
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Mind-body therapies (MBTs) use mental abilities to modify electrical neural activity across brain networks. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates neuronal membrane potentials to enhance neuroplasticity. A combination of these treatment strategies may generate synergistic or addit...
Article
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Sexual dysfunction is common among females with inflammatory bowel disease and may result in issues involving intimacy, sexual activity, and satisfaction, as well both the formation and preservation of personal relationships. Risk factors for sexual dysfunction include select surgical interventions, medications, mental illnesses, and IBD-related in...
Article
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Background Women’s adherence is essential to physiotherapeutic treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction, but its related factors are not usually considered in the development of treatment approaches. This study aims to understand how women with pelvic floor dysfunction experience pelvic floor conservative non-pharmacological treatment options. Method...
Article
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Background Hypertension is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is responsible for major deaths due to stroke and coronary heart disease. Several pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for reducing blood pressure have been tried earlier. Modulating brain regions such as prefrontal cortex (PFC) to channelize activit...
Preprint
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Objectives: The value of biofeedback before elective coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to reduce patients’ heart rates (HR) was investigated in the current work. Methods: 60 patients who received CCTA to exclude coronary artery disease were included in our study and separated into two groups: with biofeedback (W-BF) and without biofee...
Conference Paper
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The integration of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) with embedded artificial intelligence (EAI) has enabled the development of new applications that will change the way patients are cared for. The results of an embedded IoMT system based on the Arm® Cortex®-M4 RISC Core Microcontroller are presented in this article .The embedded IoMT system, w...
Article
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Background Electromyography (EMG)-based audiovisual biofeedback systems, developed and tested in research settings to train neuromuscular control in patient populations such as cerebral palsy (CP), have inherent implementation obstacles that may limit their translation to clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to design and validate an al...
Article
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Introduction Patients undergoing treatment for cancer who require radiation therapy (RT) report anxiety specifically relating to the RT procedure. Procedural anxiety can be detrimental to treatment delivery, causing disruptions to treatment sessions, or treatment avoidance. Acute procedural anxiety is most commonly managed with anxiolytic medicatio...
Article
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Introduction: Autism is defined as difficulties in relating and communicating with other people and repetitive, specific behaviors. It is a developmental disorder, manifested before the age of 3. Increasingly, parents' awareness is resulting in reaching for a variety of therapies to help children on the spectrum develop properly. The interdisciplin...
Article
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Paced breathing and rhythmical skeletal muscle tension (RSMT) at an individual’s resonance frequency [~ 6 breaths or contractions per min (cpm)] can stimulate the arterial and vascular tone baroreflexes. Lehrer (Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1–10, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-022-09535-5) has explained that the stimulation rate is importan...
Article
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The present study aimed at investigating the influence of personality on both anticipatory stress vulnerability and the effectiveness of coping strategies in an occupational stressful context. Following assessment of individual personality traits (Big Five Inventory), 147 volunteers were exposed to the anticipation of a stressful event. Anxiety and...
Preprint
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Background Biofeedback therapy is mainly based on the analysis of physiological features to improve an individual’s affective state. There are insufficient objective indicators to assess symptom improvement after biofeedback. In addition to psychological and physiological features, speech features can precisely convey information about emotions. Th...
Article
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Monitoring of sports practice has become an almost essential tool in high-level professional training. The knowledge of the exact movements performed by an athlete provides a great advantage over conventional training, since the best performance can be theoretically known in advance and the trainer will expect the real athlete’s movements to approx...
Article
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Background: The ankle is prone to injury during drop landing with usual residual symptoms, and functional ankle instability (FAI) is the most common. Vision guarantees the postural stability of patients with FAI, and visual deprivation (VD) increases their risk of injury when completing various movements. This study explored injury risk during drop...
Article
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The article presents the results of investigations of selected factors interfering the QEEG electroencephalography performed with the Mitsar EEG 202 apparatus and the LZ-643 magnetic field strength meter. The accuracy of QEEG research depends on the occurrence of so-called artifacts, which are the source of magnetic fields occurring in the environm...
Article
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Background Faecal incontinence is a common anorectal medical trouble among adult population. The aim was to compare the efficacy of biofeedback pelvic floor muscle training versus posterior tibial nerve electrical stimulation versus combination of both of them in treatment of patients with faecal incontinence. The study included 71 randomly selecte...
Article
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Telerehabilitation technology often helps individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) to control their balance and improve postural stability. This proof-of-concept study describes the redesign of a smartphone-based wearable balance rehabilitation system, or Smarter Balance System (SBS) intended for in-home use, and determines the number of exercise...
Article
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Background Functional obstructed defecation is a common anorectal problem among adult population. The objective was to compare the short-term efficacy of biofeedback pelvic floor muscle training versus transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve electrostimulation in treatment of patients with functional obstructed defecation. Results There were 41 pati...
Article
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the methodological quality and the risk of bias of systematic reviews with regard to the literature on therapies for sleep bruxism (SB) in dentistry, applying the AMSTAR 2 (A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews) qualitative guide, as well as the effectiveness of various kinds of treatment of SB. Initia...
Conference Paper
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Exoskeletons and other wearable devices benefit from sensor systems that are based on biofeedback for detecting muscle activity. However, such sensor systems in wearable applications are often impractical due to the need for direct skin contact or due to non-linear signal output, both requiring extensive calibration and post-processing. This paper...
Article
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Despite the growing popularity of relaxation training, the effectiveness of an autogenic training (AT) as a method of dealing with sleep problems in group of student athletes is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to fill this gap. University athletes with decreased sleep quality (selected from 209 participants) were randomly assigned to the exper...
Article
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Introduction A goal of inbodied interaction is to explore how tools can be designed to provide external interactions that support our internal processes. One process that often suffers from our external interactions with modern computing technology is our breathing. Because of the ergonomics and low-grade-but-frequent stress associated with compute...