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Bioengineering - Science topic

Polymer synthesis and materials processing in supercritical fluids.
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Publications related to Bioengineering (10,000)
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Bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are potent immuno-stimulating agents and have the potentials to be bioengineered as platforms for antitumor nanomedicine. In this study, OMVs are demonstrated as promising antitumor therapeutics. OMVs can lead to beneficial M2-to-M1 polarization of macrophages and induce pyroptosis to enhance antitumor immun...
Article
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Natural bone constitutes a complex and organized structure of organic and inorganic components with limited ability to regenerate and restore injured tissues, especially in large bone defects. To improve the reconstruction of the damaged bones, tissue engineering has been introduced as a promising alternative approach to the conventional therapeuti...
Article
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Background Functional bioengineered tooth regeneration using autologous or allogeneic alternative differentiated cells sources are thought to have a great potential in replacing conventional dentures. This study investigated the potential of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) conditioned medium for odontoblastic differentiation of Wharton’s jelly mesen...
Article
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Salivary gland (SG) dysfunction impairs the life quality of many patients, such as patients with radiation therapy for head and neck cancer and patients with Sjögren’s syndrome. Multiple SG engineering strategies have been considered for SG regeneration, repair, or whole organ replacement. An in-depth understanding of the development and differenti...
Article
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Synthetic biology has played a key role in responding to the current pandemic. Biofoundries are critical synthetic biology infrastructure which should be available to all nations as a part of their independent bioengineering, biosecurity, and countermeasure response systems.
Article
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Background We propose an efficient method to modify B-cell derived EVs by loading them with a nanotherapeutic stimuli-responsive cargo and equipping them with antibodies for efficient targeting of lymphoma cells. Results The post-isolation engineering of the EVs is accomplished by a freeze–thaw method to load therapeutically-active zinc oxide nano...
Article
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Collagen, the main component of mammal skin, has been traditionally used in leather manufacturing for thousands of years due to its diverse physicochemical properties. Collagen is the most abundant protein in mammals and the main component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The properties of collagen also make it an ideal building block for the eng...
Article
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There is great interest in the development of techniques to bioengineer pulsatile myocardial tissue as a next-generation regenerative therapy for severe heart failure. However, creation of thick myocardial grafts for regenerative medicine requires the incorporation of blood vessels. In this study, we describe a new method of constructing a vascular...
Article
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Optogenetics is an emerging bioengineering technology that has been rapidly developed in recent years by cross-integrating optics, genetic engineering, electrophysiology, software control, and other disciplines. Since the first demonstration of the millisecond neuromodulation ability of the channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2), the application of optogenetic...
Article
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Perinatal asphyxia and neonatal encephalopathy remain major causes of neonatal mortality, despite the improved availability of diagnostic and therapeutic tools, contributing to neurological and intellectual disabilities worldwide. An approach using a combination of clinical data, neuroimaging, and biochemical parameters is the current strategy towa...
Article
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are highly promising as drug delivery vehicles due to their nanoscale size, stability and biocompatibility. EVs possess natural targeting abilities and are known to traverse long distances to reach their target cells. This long-range organotropism and the ability to penetrate hard-to-reach tissues, including the brain,...
Poster
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PAPER SUBMISSION AND PUBLICATION Authors are invited to submit their work in accordance with conference template provided in website. Conference papers will be given preference in the below mentioned journal : Free publications as special issues in •Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry -Anna University Annexure journal; IF: 2.724 (Wiley publisher...
Article
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Nanoparticles capable of mimicking natural tissues represent a major technological advancement in regenerative medicine. In this pilot study, the development of a new nanohybrid composed of titanate nanoribbons to mimic the extracellular matrix is reported. During the first phase, nanoribbons were synthesized by hydrothermal treatment. Subsequently...
Article
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Hypothermia is a promising therapeutic strategy for severe vasospasm and other types of non-thrombotic cerebral ischemia, but its clinical application is limited by significant systemic side effects. We aimed to develop an intraventricular device for the controlled cooling of the cerebrospinal fluid, to produce a targeted hypothermia in the affecte...
Article
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Oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes are rarely mutated in several pediatric tumors and some early stage adult cancers. This suggests that an aberrant epigenetic reprogramming may crucially affect the tumorigenesis of these tumors. Compelling evidence support the hypothesis that cancer stem cells (CSCs), a cell subpopulation within the tumor bulk ch...
Presentation
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This presentation outlines principles and practices for undertaking small-scale engineering works to enhance riparian vegetation stability, building natural resilience of foreshores. Foreshore restoration through planting of native vegetation is a common target on degraded foreshores, as riparian vegetation can significantly improve foreshore stabi...
Article
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) will become the 5th global case of death by 2040. Its largest impact is on premature mortality but the number of persons with kidney failure require kidney replacement therapy (KRT) is also increasing dramatically. Current KRT is suboptimal due to the shortage of kidney donors and dismal outcomes associated with both he...
Article
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Endodontics has made significant progress in regenerative approaches in recent years, thanks to advances in biologically based procedures or regenerative endodontic therapy (RET). In recent years, our profession has witnessed a clear conceptual shift in this therapy. RET was initially based on a blood clot induced by apical bleeding without harvest...
Article
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Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases with a cure far from being found. Despite the extraordinary advances in the therapy approaches, only a few patients respond to treatments. The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in cancer progression by contributing to the chemoresistance. Thus, emerging efforts are being made in nanotechnology...
Article
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Numerous technologies and materials were developed with the aim of repairing and reconstructing the tissue loss in patients with periodontitis. Periodontal guided bone regeneration (GBR) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) involves the use of a membrane which prevents epithelial cell migration, and helps to maintain the space, creating a protected...
Article
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Purpose of Review What accounts for the low success rate of the treatment against neurodegenerative disorders (ND) is the inability of the neurons to replenish again after cell death. Neuronal cell death and axon degenerations are common as we age. The etiology of the ND holds multiple reasons, among which the accumulation of metal ions is the comm...
Article
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Bioengineered scaffolds satisfying both the physiological and anatomical considerations could potentially repair partially damaged tissues to whole organs. Although three-dimensional (3D) printing has become a popular approach in making 3D topographic scaffolds, electrospinning stands out from all other techniques for fabricating extracellular matr...
Article
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Par Pierre NDUWINGOMA, Constantin NTIRANYIBAGIRA et Clément BIGIRIMANA Résumé Cet article porte sur la configuration du français dans les Départements scientifiques de l'Université du Burundi. Il vise à montrer la place du français qui est en même temps langue enseignée et outil d'enseignement-apprentissage au Burundi. Cette recherche se fonde sur...
Article
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Human skin contains specialized neuroendocrine Merkel cells responsible for fine touch sensation. In the present study, we performed in-depth analysis of Merkel cells in human fetal back skin. We revealed that these Merkel cells expressed cytokeratin 20 (CK20), were positive for the neuroendocrine markers synaptophysin and chromogranin A, and the m...
Article
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Many commercially available wound products focus on improving one stage of the wound healing cascade. While this targeted approach works for specific wounds, there is a need for products that can reliably and comprehensively progress a wound through multiple stages. This preliminary in vitro study was performed to directly compare the inflammatory...
Article
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Bioengineered in vitro models of the kidney offer unprecedented opportunities to better mimic the in vivo microenvironment. Kidney-on-a-chip technology reproduces 2D or 3D features which can replicate features of the tissue architecture, composition, and dynamic mechanical forces experienced by cells in vivo. Kidney cells are exposed to mechanical...
Article
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Surgical management for cervical malformation remains as the main therapeutic challenge for gynecologists. A theoretical alternative is to generate a bioengineered uterus cervix, which requires scaffold structure and appropriate cellular constituents. Here, human uterine cervical tissue was decellularized with detergents to produce an acellular sca...
Article
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Infectious clone technology is universally applied for biological characterization and engineering of viruses. This protocol describes procedures that implement synthetic biology advances for streamlined assembly of virus infectious clones. Here, I detail homology-based cloning using biological material, as well as SynViP assembly using type IIS re...
Article
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Nanotechnology is one of the most impressive sciences in the 21st century. Not surprisingly, nanoparticles/nanomaterials have been widely deployed given their multifunctional attributes and ease of preparation via environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and simple methods. Although there are assorted optimized preparative methods for synthesiz...
Article
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Redox‐responsive silica drug delivery systems are synthesized by aeco‐friendly diatomite source to achieve on‐demand release of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in tumor reducing microenvironment, aiming to inhibit the immune checkpoint programmed cell death 1 receptor/programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD‐1/PD‐L1) in cancer cells. The nanoparticle...
Article
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Controlling nerve cells to form pre‐designed 3D neural networks that recapitulate the intricate neural interconnectivity in the brain is essential for developing neuronal interfaces and new regeneration approaches. Here, nerve cells within 3D biomaterials are dynamically localized using nano‐based magnetic manipulations. Nerve cells are transformed...
Preprint
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Petroleum reservoirs within the deep biosphere are extreme environments inhabited by diverse microbial communities creating biogeochemical hotspots in the subsurface. Despite their ecological and industrial importance, systematic studies of core microbial taxa and associated genomic attributes of the oil reservoir microbiome are limited. This study...
Article
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Cancer is still one of the world’s deadliest health concerns. As per latest statistics, lung, breast, liver, prostate, and cervical cancers are reported topmost worldwide. Although chemotherapy is most widely used methodology to treat cancer, poor pharmacokinetic parameters of anticancer drugs render them less effective. Novel nano-drug delivery sy...
Article
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With the advancement in the field of nanotechnology, different approaches for the synthesis of nanomaterials have been formulated, among which the bioinspired or biomimetic nanoplatforms have been utilized for different biomedical applications. In this context, bioinspired or biomimetic nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized in which the inspira...
Article
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Resumen Las profesiones están mutando sustantivamente, en un mundo cada vez más desmaterializado y tecnificado a un nivel exponencial ilimitado. Aún no sabemos hacia dónde ni cómo efectivamente se visualizarán los cambios en el futuro, en las tareas y actividades a desempeñar, en las competencias necesarias, en los resultados del trabajo. A su vez,...
Article
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Photoautotrophic euendolithic microorganisms are ubiquitous where there are calcium carbonate substrates to bore into and sufficient light to sustain photosynthesis. The most diverse and abundant modern euendolithic communities can be found in the marine environment. Euendoliths, as microorganisms infesting inanimate substrates, were first thought...
Article
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In response to the growing computational intensity of the healthcare industry, biomedical engineering (BME) undergraduate education is placing increased emphasis on computation. The presence of substantial gender disparities in many computationally intensive disciplines suggests that the adoption of computational instruction approaches that lack in...
Preprint
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A new type of experiment that aims to determine the optimal quantities of a sequence of factors is eliciting considerable attention in medical science, bioengineering, and many other disciplines. Such studies require the simultaneous optimization of both quantities and the sequence orders of several components which are called quantitative-sequence...
Article
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The progression of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction leads to serious vascular injury, highlighting the urgent need for targeted regenerative therapy. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) composed of a lipid bilayer containing nuclear and cytosolic materials are relevant to the progression of cardiovascular diseases....
Preprint
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Skeletal muscle is a complex tissue composed of multinucleated myofibres responsible for force generation, supported by multiple cell types. Many severe and lethal disorders affect skeletal muscle; therefore, engineering models to reproduce such cellular complexity and function is instrumental for investigating muscle pathophysiology and developing...
Preprint
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Protein structure predictions have broad impact on several science disciplines such as biology, bioengineering, and medical science. AlphaFold2[1] and RoseTTAFold[2] are the current state-of-the-art AI methods to predict the structures of proteins with an accuracy comparable to lower-resolution experimental methods. In its 2021 year review, both th...
Article
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has provoked more than six million deaths worldwide and continues to pose a major threat to global health. Enormous efforts have been made by researchers around the world to elucidate COVID-19 pathophysiology, design efficacious therapy an...
Article
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Background Vetiver grass ( Chrysopogon zizanioides L. Roberty) is one of the most studied and applied species in soil bioengineering techniques all over the world, but there are technical information related to its root system deserving a better comprehension provided by different methodologies’. The objective of this work was to evaluate the root...
Article
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The differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) towards organoids is one of the biggest scientific advances in regenerative medicine. Kidney organoids have not only laid the groundwork for various organ-like tissue systems but also provided insights into kidney embryonic development. Thus, several protocols for the differentiation of re...
Preprint
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Machine learning (ML) has significantly contributed to the development of bioprocess engineering, but its application is still limited, hampering the enormous potential for bioprocess automation. ML for model building automation can be seen as a way of introducing another level of abstraction to focus expert humans in the most cognitive tasks of bi...
Article
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Growth factors, including fibroblast growth factor-7 (FGF-7), are a group of proteins that stimulate various cellular processes and are often used with carriers to prevent the rapid loss of their activities. Sericin with great biocompatibility has been investigated as a proteinaceous carrier to enhance the stability of incorporated proteins. The di...
Article
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Here, we present a protocol for constructing direct electron transfer (DET)-based enzyme-electrodes using gold-binding peptide (GBP). We describe fusion of four GBPs to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-dependent glucose dehydrogenase gamma-alpha complex (GDHγα), as model oxidoreductase, to generate four GDHγα variants. We then detail the measureme...
Article
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Visualization of mRNA molecules in single cells has revealed their core mechanisms as well as sources of cell-to-cell and spatiotemporal heterogeneity. Here, we describe a protocol to label, visualize, and quantify mRNA molecules by time-lapse imaging with the capability of resolving mRNA molecules over durations of hours to days. We provide links...
Article
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In this protocol, we describe how to generate 3D culture surrogates of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma (MM) bone marrow microenvironments. We detail the use of culturing scaffolds populated with BM stromal cells and tumor cells in the RCCS™ bioreactor. This 3D culture can efficiently recapitulate tumor-stroma crosstalk and a...
Chapter
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Las Jornadas de Automática (JA) son el evento más importante del Comité Español de Automática (CEA), entidad científico-técnica con más de cincuenta años de vida y destinada a la difusión e implantación de la Automática en la sociedad. Este año se celebra la cuadragésima tercera edición de las JA, que constituyen el punto de encuentro de la comunida...
Article
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This protocol details the steps for preparation of a recently developed bioink, named YM-MA, which is based on methacrylate anhydride-modified yeast mannan. A light-assisted 3D bioprinting is performed to analyze the printability of YM-MA bioink. We describe how cell experiments, animal models of subcutaneous implantation in a Sprague Dawley rat mo...
Article
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Soft fibrin gels are used to select tumorigenic cells and regulate the stemness and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells via mechanotransduction. This protocol details steps to produce two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrices for substrate rigidity manipulation and tumorigenic cell selection. We also describe how it c...
Article
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H2 production from green-microalgae, for energy purposes, is the ultimate goal of large-scale production. Here, we present a two-phase protocol for hydrogen production assay under ambient conditions using Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, which eliminates steps used previously, including centrifugation and resuspension with sulfur-deprived media. We detai...
Article
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CRISPR/Cas genome engineering has emerged as a powerful tool to modify precise genomic sequences with unparalleled accuracy and efficiency. Major advances in CRISPR technologies over the last five years have fueled the development of novel techniques in hematopoiesis research to interrogate the complexities of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology....
Article
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This protocol describes the generation and characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from erythroblasts. A key difference with classical protocols is the reprogramming of erythroblasts from a simple blood draw as opposed to fibroblasts/keratinocytes, which requires a biopsy. Moreover, working with erythroblasts ensures that...
Article
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Embedded 3D Printing In article number 2201392, Janko Kajtez, Jenny Emnéus, and co‐workers present a modular platform for bioengineering of neuronal networks via direct embedded 3D printing of human stem cells inside self‐healing annealable particle‐extracellular matrix (SHAPE) composites. The approach allows direct freeform patterning and function...
Article
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Liquid biopsy is an alternative to invasive bone marrow biopsy for leukemia detection and management. However, no robust technology is available for enriching leukemic blast cells from the blood. Here, we present a simple and effective protocol for vigorous enrichment of blast cells from whole blood using a one-step microfluidic blast cell biochip...
Article
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Purpose of Review Microrobotic swarms have attracted extensive attentions due to their potential in medical and bioengineering applications. Because of the small sizes of swarm agents, integrating actuators, sensors, and control circuits are difficult. Microrobotic swarms in different fluid environments should be actuated and navigated by external...