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Biodiversity Monitoring - Science topic

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Publications related to Biodiversity Monitoring (2,234)
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Article
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Background Many species inhabiting Kihansi gorge ecosystem in Southern Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania are threatened with extinction due to habitat loss caused by constructed hydropower plant that diverted over 90% the water off the Kihansi River. Understanding ecological correlates and structure of an animal community in perturbed ecosystems is an i...
Article
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Human-induced biodiversity loss and changes in community composition are major challenges of the present time, urgently calling for comprehensive biomonitoring approaches to understand system dynamics and to inform policy-making. In this regard, molecular methods are increasingly applied. They provide tools for fast and high-resolution biodiversity...
Article
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The application of environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding has revolutionised large scale biodiversity monitoring of aquatic ecosystems. Validation studies have been performed mainly in laboratories and mesocosm experiments, however large-scale field experiments are necessary to verify the robustness of eDNA based monitoring for more specific applic...
Article
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In coastal socio-ecosystems, the European Commission has proposed a set of indicators that could meet the objectives of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Most of them refer to the state of benthic habitats, a marine biodiversity compartment under major threat. However, biodiversity monitoring in the marine environment is logistically, techno...
Technical Report
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The use of molecular assays to assess the presence of species using environmental DNA (eDNA) and RNA (eRNA) as analytes has diversified as the field of environmental surveillance advances. These methods can be used, for example, to screen for pest species as part of biosecurity measures and risk management, to screen for threatened species as part...
Technical Report
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The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) and RNA (eRNA) methods is a rapidly advancing field that provides fast, cost-effective, non-invasive methods to identify the presence of target species. These methods can be used, for example, to screen for pest species as part of biosecurity measures and risk management, to screen for threatened species as part...
Article
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Introduction: The effects of habitat transformation have been widely studied and the effects are well-known at different levels of biological organization. However, few studies have focused on responses to this process at the level of multiple taxa in diverse taxonomic and functional groups. Objective: Determine the variations in taxonomic and func...
Article
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Camera traps are widely used in wildlife surveys and biodiversity monitoring. Depending on its triggering mechanism, a large number of images or videos are sometimes accumulated. Some literature has proposed the application of deep learning techniques to automatically identify wildlife in camera trap imagery, which can significantly reduce manual w...
Article
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Earth observation satellite imagery is increasingly accessible, and has become a key component for vegetation mapping and monitoring. Sentinel-2 satellites acquire optical images with five days’ revisit frequency, which is an important feature to increase the probability of acquisition with reasonable cloud cover in tropical regions. Regular and re...
Article
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UK animals and plants are surveyed annually by a wide range of long-term citizen science monitoring schemes, which are designed to detect species’ range, status and population trend. Here we explore whether these data are suitable for detection of ecological impacts of invasive species on native species. While expert horizon scans and risk assessme...
Article
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The present study suggests that standardized methodology, careful site selection, and stratigraphy are essential for investigating ancient ecosystems in order to evaluate biodiversity and DNA-based time series. Based on specific keywords, this investigation reviewed 146 publications using the SCOPUS, Web of Science (WoS), PUBMED, and Google Scholar...
Article
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The analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) by high throughput sequencing (HTS) is proving to be a promising tool for freshwater fish biodiversity assessment in Europe within the Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000/60/EC), especially for large rivers and lakes where current fish monitoring techniques have known shortcomings. These new biomonitoring m...
Article
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Aim Secondary forests regenerating from human disturbance are increasingly becoming a predominant forest type in many regions, and they play a significant role in forest community dynamics. Understanding the factors that underlie the variation in species responses during secondary succession is important for understanding community assembly and bio...
Conference Paper
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Keberadaan inisiasi pembangunan Taman Keanekaragaman Hayati (KEHATI) Prambanan merupakan salah satu bentuk kepedulian perusahaan terhadap keseimbangan ekosistem salah satunya berkaitan dengan menjaga keanekaragaman hayati yang memiliki peranan penting bagi keseimbangan sumberdaya alam. Dari berbagai identifikasi masalah yang menjadi temuan lapangan...
Technical Report
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The Artic Council’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP) is a pan-Arctic, long-term, integrated biodiversity monitoring plan. Fisheries and Oceans Canada has established benthic biodiversity monitoring sites at four monitoring stations in or adjacent to the Disko Fan Conservation Area, a marine refuge in the lower Baffin Bay, following t...
Article
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The slow adoption by the agricultural sector of practices to promote biodiversity are thought to originate from three interrelated issues. First, we know little about which incentives effectively motivate farmers to integrate biodiversity into daily farm management. Second, few studies so far have produced evidence that biodiversity-based approache...
Article
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In the face of severe environmental crises that threaten insect biodiversity, new technologies are imperative to monitor both the identity and ecology of insect species. Traditionally, insect surveys rely on manual collection of traps, which provide abundance data but mask the large intra- and interday variations in insect activity, an important fa...
Article
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Terrestrial anurans, with their typically short limbs, heavy-set bodies and absent claws or toe pads are incongruous tree climbers, but even occasional arboreal locomotion could offer substantial advantages for evading predators or accessing new shelter or food resources. Despite recent interest, arboreal behaviour remains rarely and unsystematical...
Article
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Arthropod populations are constantly changing due to changes in climate and the globalisation of trade and travel. Effective and diverse monitoring techniques are required to understand these changes. DNA metabarcoding has facilitated the development of a broad monitoring method to sample arthropod diversity from environmental and faecal samples. I...
Article
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Abstract Species interactions underlie most ecosystem functions and are important for understanding ecosystem changes. Representing one type of species interaction, trophic networks were constructed from biodiversity monitoring data and known trophic links to assess how ecosystems have changed over time. The Baltic Sea is subject to many anthropoge...
Article
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It is difficult to understand the composition and diversity of biological communities in complex and heterogeneous environments using traditional sampling methods. Recently, developments in environmental DNA metabarcoding have emerged as a powerful, non-invasive method for comprehensive community characterization and biodiversity monitoring in diff...
Article
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Ecological restoration of terrestrial environments is a globally important process to combat the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Holistic monitoring of restored biota and active management of restoration is necessary to improve restoration processes and outcomes, and provide evidence to stakeholders that targets are being achieved. Inc...
Article
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Environmental DNA (eDNA) has become a widely used tool for aquatic biodiversity monitoring, as well as for formulating effective landscape management strategies. Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA), Indonesia, has a green belt landscape located on the Indian Ocean coast. YIA's landscape biodiversity analysis is still unexplored. Herein, we first...
Article
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Citizen scientists play an increasingly important role in biodiversity monitoring. Most of the data, however, are unstructured—collected by diverse methods that are not documented with the data. Insufficient understanding of the data collection processes presents a major barrier to the use of citizen science data in biodiversity research. We develo...
Book
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‘Warblers and Waders’ is a forum of bird watchers and nature lovers established on January 1, 1990 and is working for the cause of conservation and biodiversity. We have been able to groom a few keen and alert birders as well as nature lovers. The numerous activities of the group are afforestation, biodiversity monitoring and documentation of va...
Article
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Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However , the difficulty of identifying plants, animals and fungi is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and naming liv...
Poster
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Citizen science bird observation repositories established in the past 20 years have accumulated millions of entries of species-specific information across vast areas. These databases potentially hold a great trove of information for biodiversity monitoring studies. They can be used either as stand-alone data or as a complement for other research to...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing need for biodiversity monitoring, especially in places where potential anthropogenic disturbance may significantly impact ecosystem health. We employed a combination of traditional morphological and bulk macroinvertebrate metabarcoding analyses to benthic samples collected from Toronto Harbour (Ontario, Canada) to compare taxono...
Article
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Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity are finalizing a new Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) to more effectively guide efforts by the world's nations to address global loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Each party is required to mainstream the new framework and its component targets into national conservation strategies. To...
Article
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Tropical coastal lagoons are important ecosystems that support high levels of biodiversity and provide several goods and services. Monitoring of benthic biodiversity and detection of harmful or invasive species is crucial, particularly in relation to seasonal and spatial variation of environmental conditions. In this study, eDNA metabarcoding was u...
Thesis
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Trophic interactions are ecologically important, as they structure communities, and globally important for the ecosystem functions that they facilitate. Anthropogenic pressures are altering the structure of food webs, their stability, and resilience to change. Benthic detritivorous food webs are particularly important for their role in nutrient cyc...
Article
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The increase of recreational activities in the mountains and a growing amount of websites proposing geographic data, offer new opportunities for societal needs such as mountain rescue, biodiversity monitoring, outdoor activities. However, the main issue with the websites data is the lack of metadata that minimizes its reuse outside the community th...
Presentation
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The Aljmaš floodplain is situated on the right bank of the Drava River, along the last 12 km of the river course before confluence with the Danube River. The total surface area is 26 km2. Together with Kopački Rit Nature Park it makes a unique floodplain ecosystem of the Middle Danube. The Aljmaš floodplain is an integral part of two Natura 2000 ar...
Technical Report
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In 2012 and 2013, Fisheries and Oceans Canada surveyed the benthos in two areas closed to bottom contact fishing, the Narwhal Overwintering and Coldwater Coral Zone (now the Disko Fan Conservation Area, DFCA), and the Hatton Basin Voluntary Coral Protection Zone (now the Hatton Basin Conservation Area, HBCA). Samples were collected following protoc...
Article
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A key component of the global blue economy strategy is the sustainable extraction of marine resources and conservation of marine environments through networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). Connectivity and representativity are essential factors that underlie successful implementation of MPA networks, which can safeguard biological diversity and...
Article
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To preserve the long-term survival of habitats and wildlife, it is necessary to monitor their status. In protected areas, that is, biodiversity centres, rangers have excellent knowledge of specific locations and they spend a large amount of time in the field. But since rangers are not required to have a university degree, the question is whether th...
Article
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Large and hyper‐diverse marine ecosystems pose significant challenges to biodiversity monitoring. While environmental DNA (eDNA) promises to meet many of these challenges, recent studies suggested that sponges, as ‘natural samplers’ of eDNA, could further streamline the workflow for detecting marine vertebrates. However, beyond pilot studies demons...
Article
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Recent advances in molecular ecology have dramatically improved our knowledge of soil microbial diversity and offers new indicators of soil quality. The usefulness of diversity indices has never been greater as the astronomical amounts of data generated in the literature needs to be synthesized. Despite technical guidelines have been proposed to ch...
Article
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Local ecological knowledge (LEK) is considered useful for biodiversity monitoring and conservation management. However, LEK may provide limited information if the LEK providers only recognize species that are of their interest. We investigated the utility of LEK provided by community members of the Dai people, one of the major ethnic groups in Xish...
Article
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Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding from water samples has, in recent years, shown great promise for biodiversity monitoring. However, universal primers targeting the cytochrome oxidase I ( COI ) marker gene popular in metazoan studies have displayed high levels of nontarget amplification. To date, enrichment methods bypassing amplification have...
Article
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Resumo: As formigas apresentam diversas características que podem ser utilizadas em estudos de biodiversidade, monitoramento, fragmentação e ecologia de ecossistemas. O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de contribuir para o melhor entendimento da dinâmica e biodiversidade da fauna de formigas em dois fragmentos na Área de Proteção Ambiental-APA do I...
Article
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Passive acoustic sensor-based soundscape analysis has become an increasingly important ecological method for evaluation of ecosystem conditions using acoustic indices. Understanding the soundscape composition and correlations between acoustic indices and species richness of birds, the most important sound source in the ecosystem, are of great impor...
Article
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Background Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding is a common technique for efficient biodiversity monitoring, especially of microbes. Recently, the usefulness of aquatic eDNA in monitoring the diversity of both terrestrial and aquatic fungi has been suggested. In eDNA studies, different experimental factors, such as DNA extraction kits or methods,...
Article
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Metabarcoding is a powerful tool for ecological studies and monitoring that might provide a solution to the time-consuming taxonomic identification of the vast diversity of insects. Here, we assess how ambient weather conditions during Malaise trap exposure and the effort of trapping affect biomass and taxa richness in vineyards. Biomass varied by...
Article
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The monitoring of changes in aquatic ecosystems due to anthropogenic activities is of utmost importance to ensure the health of aquatic biodiversity. Eutrophication in water bodies due to anthropogenic disturbances serves as one of the major sources of nutrient efflux and consequently changes the biological productivity and community structure of t...
Article
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Monitoring the rapid and extensive changes in plant species distributions occurring worldwide requires large-scale, continuous and repeated biodiversity assessments. Imaging spectrometers are at the core of novel spaceborne sensor fleets designed for this task, but the degree to which they can capture plant species composition and diversity across...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental DNA (eDNA) has seen a massive increase in application in freshwater systems with a concurrent growth in protocol developments and a drive to gain a better understanding of the ‘ecology’ of eDNA. This raises the question of whether we are currently still in an early, developmental phase of eDNA-based assessments or already transitionin...
Article
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Conservation of marine biodiversity requires understanding the joint influence of ongoing environmental change and fishing pressure. Addressing this challenge requires robust biodiversity monitoring and analyses that jointly account for potential drivers of change. Here, we ask how demersal fish biodiversity in Canadian Pacific waters has changed s...
Article
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Ecological qualities and resources in coasts are threatened by various human activities, such as pollution and fishery. Impact evaluation of environmental stressors over a wide coastal stretch has been limited due to lack of efficient and standardizable biodiversity monitoring and assessment tools. Integrating environmental DNA (eDNA) and ecologica...
Article
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Across society there is pressure to assess and reduce carbon emissions to meet the obligations of the Paris Agreement and the Glasgow Climate Pact. Within the science community, there is increasing awareness of the carbon footprint of research activities, but to date there is no consideration of emissions associated with biodiversity monitoring. Bi...
Article
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Over a million species face extinction, highlighting the urgent need for conservation policies that maximize the protection of biodiversity to sustain its manifold contributions to people’s lives. Here we present a novel framework for spatial conservation prioritization based on reinforcement learning that consistently outperforms available state-o...
Article
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Plant–animal interactions (PAI) represent major channels of energy transfer through ecosystems, where both positive and antagonistic interactions simultaneously contribute to ecosystem functioning. Monitoring PAI therefore increases the understanding of environmental health, integrity, and functioning, and studying complex interactions through accu...
Article
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Trade-offs in nature’s contributions to people (NCP), particularly in material NCP versus regulating and non-material NCP, continue to rise. Socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) represent harmonious human–nature interactions resulting in positive outcomes for both biodiversity and human well-being, thus implying synergies am...
Article
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The concept of environmental DNA (eDNA) utilizes nucleic acids of organisms directly from the environment. Recent breakthrough studies have successfully detected a wide spectrum of prokaryotic and eukaryotic eDNA from a variety of environments, ranging from ancient to modern, and from terrestrial to aquatic. With their diversity and ubiquity in nat...
Article
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The global biodiversity crisis from anthropogenic activities significantly weakens the functioning of marine ecosystems and jeopardizes their ecosystem services. Increasing monitoring of marine ecosystems is crucial to understand the breadth of the changes in biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and propose more effective conservation strategies. Su...
Article
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Interest in ecoacoustics has resulted in an influx of acoustic data and novel methodologies to classify and relate landscape sound activity to biodiversity and ecosystem health. However, indicators used to summarize sound and quantify the effects of disturbances on biodiversity can be inconsistent when applied across ecological gradients. This stud...
Preprint
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There is increasing need for biodiversity monitoring, especially in places where potential anthropogenic disturbance may significantly impact ecosystem health. We employed a combination of traditional morphological and bulk macroinvertebrate metabarcoding analyses to benthic samples collected from Toronto Harbour (Ontario, Canada) to compare taxono...
Book
Full-text available
Manual de monitoreo de carnívoros mediante trampas cámara elaborado en el marco del diseño e instalación de la expresión regional del Sistema de Información y Monitoreo de la Biodiversidad y Servicios Ecosistémicos - SIMBIO RMS del Proyecto GEF Montaña
Article
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Wetland mitigation efforts have increased in numbers over the past two decades to combat wetland loss in the United States. Data regarding wetland function such as biodiversity are required to be collected 5-10 years after a project is complete; however, pre-restoration data that can inform the effectiveness of mitigation are often not collected. W...
Conference Paper
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Garden Dormouse populations have been decreasing in range and declining in number throughout Europe. For effective conservation strategies, it is important to know where and in which habitats the species still occurs. Effective monitoring methods are therefore urgently needed especially because Glirids are difficult to monitor due to their nocturna...
Article
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. In terms of the biodiversity monitoring and conservation, localities of 9 species of reptiles, 26 species of birds, and 9 species of mammals were reported for the coastal area of Kenya (a stripe of about 20 km between the small river of Congo and the harbour to Chale Island).
Article
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Estudos de monitoramento da biodiversidade no Brasil são escassos, em especial aqueles relacionados às comunidades de formigas da região Nordeste. Tendo em vista essa carência, duas áreas distintas de um fragmento de vegetação urbana, próximas ao Parque Estadual Botânico do Ceará, foram avaliadas para verificar a hipótese de que as comunidades poss...