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Best Practices - Science topic

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Research Proposal
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Dear Colleagues, Unprecedented urban growth is one of the most critical global challenges. Understanding the urban design, urban sprawl, morphological changes and their association with urban climate and environment can provide critical insight into sustainable urban practices. This Special Issue invites manuscripts that present new developments an...
Poster
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Session 21 Back to the basis: towards a re-assessment of ecological and anthropogenic factor in isotopic variation. Organizers: Margaux Depaermenier, Marc Vander Linden, Michael Kempf The application of stable isotopes has blossomed in archaeology over the past three decades, leading to an accumulation of rich and varied datasets. Parallel to its...
Article
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Plastic pollution is one of the most challenging problems affecting the marine environment of our time. Based on a unique dataset covering four European seas and eight European countries, this paper adds to the limited empirical evidence base related to the societal welfare effects of marine litter management. We use a discrete choice experiment to...
Article
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Due to the dynamic and recurring nature of the construction operations, employee turnover rates remain relatively high. This high employee turnover rate presents challenges to the industry, the economy, and the entire society at whole. As well, this high turnover rate leads to significant shortage of skilled laborers given the reduced interests of...
Article
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We perform a literature review of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in six premier tourism and hospitality journals to (1) identify best practices, (2) ensure that researchers apply these best practices, and (3) enable future authors to be more precise in their reporting of EFA. Our results identify that researchers (1) frequently obtain large samp...
Research Proposal
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Message from the Guest Editors: The control of waste within the industrial, urban or rural sectors of activity, and the efficiency-effectiveness of waste management processes is one of the main challenges of today's society. Despite successive attempts over the last few decades, a sufficiently optimal control model has not been achieved. The transi...
Article
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Cleaner fish are commonly used as a control measure against salmon lice infestations in salmonid farms. Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) is the most common cleaner fish species used in Norwegian farms. However, little is known about how different operational, including environmental, conditions affect the salmon lice grazing efficacy by lumpfish. In t...
Article
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Manually coded data form the basis of many of our analyses in corpus linguistics. It is thus imperative that we work toward increased reliability and enhanced transparency in our coding practices, since failing to do so may ultimately lead us to draw erroneous conclusions about language. Using spoken data from a study on adverb usage for illustrati...
Article
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Companies contribute to a large extent to greenhouse gas emission. To mitigate this, measures for reducing these emissions can be applied. There is, however, neither a systematized general overview of existing measures nor an estimation of their application and their effectiveness to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This study strives to close this...
Article
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Cities across the Unites States have embraced green infrastructure (GI) in official planning efforts. The plans conceptualize GI as providing multiple functions and benefits for urban residents, and form part of complex responses to intersectional urban challenges of social injustice and inequity, climate change, aging and expensive infrastructure,...
Article
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For many years, microbiology was based on culture-dependent methods to study microorganisms; however, the latest technologies are culture-independent and their development has generated large amounts of new data, allowing researchers to understand the true nature and complexity of animals’ microbiomes. The myriad of microorganisms living in a symbi...
Article
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As collaborative work in medical education has increasingly moved online, team mentors have had to adapt their practices into the virtual environment. Fostering connection, communication and productivity on virtual teams requires specific skills and deliberate practice that differ from in-person teamwork. Drawing from best practices in business, ed...
Article
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Over the last thirty years, sustainability has become a growing concern in the fashion industry. While there is agreement among a growing range of actors regarding the need to engage with the social and environmental challenges created by the fashion industry, there is less consent regarding what sustainability entails. Although “sustainability” ma...
Article
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Background The current global pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has profoundly impacted medical practitioners worldwide. This survey was formed by the Radiology Section of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) to establish the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by European radiologists committed to providing face-to...
Article
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Research data management (RDM) is the cornerstone of a successful research project, and yet it often remains an underappreciated art that gets overlooked in the hustle and bustle of everyday project management even when required by funding bodies. If researchers are to strive for reproducible science that adheres to the principles of FAIR, then the...
Article
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Many individuals living with severe mental illness, such as schizophrenia, present cognitive deficits and reasoning biases negatively impacting clinical and functional trajectories. Remote cognitive assessment presents many opportunities for advancing research and treatment but has yet to be widely used in psychiatric populations. We conducted a sc...
Article
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Background Since the COVID-19 outbreak emerged, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has continuously evolved into variants with underlying mutations associated with increased transmissibility, potential escape from neutralizing antibodies, and disease severity. Although intensive research is ongoing worldwide to understand...
Article
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In high energy physics (HEP), analysis metadata comes in many forms—from theoretical cross-sections, to calibration corrections, to details about file processing. Correctly applying metadata is a crucial and often time-consuming step in an analysis, but designing analysis metadata systems has historically received little direct attention. Among oth...
Article
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The field of radiation oncology is rapidly advancing through technological and biomedical innovation backed by robust research evidence. However, cancer professionals are notoriously time-poor, meaning there is a need for high quality, accessible and tailored oncologic education programs. While traditional teaching methods including lectures and ot...
Conference Paper
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly gaining importance for organizations due to its immense potential for value creation and growth. However, companies struggle to tap this potential, as many AI projects fail in the early stages because of lacking guidance and best practices. To shed light on how AI adoption and transformation can be appro...
Article
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Supporting shelter self-recovery is a modality of humanitarian aid which remains ill-defined and misunderstood despite the many aid organizations that utilize this approach. Of the little existing knowledge and best practices regarding self-recovery support methods, most has been developed for natural disaster contexts, and not post-conflict. Post-...
Article
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Advances in cardiac surgical operative techniques and myocardial protection have dramatically improved outcomes in the past two decades. An unfortunate and unintended consequence is that 80% of the preventable morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery now originates outside of the operating room. Our hope is that a renewed emphasis on evide...
Article
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Fragility fractures represent a health problem in Mexico and in the world. This paper reviews and puts forward the implementation of Fracture Liaison Services (FLS) as a feasible and cost-effective alternative in health institutions in our country through the identification, treatment, and follow-up of this type of fractures.
Article
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The effects of citizen science are wide ranging, influencing science, society, the economy, the environment, as well as individual participants. However, in many citizen science projects, impact evaluation is still overly simplistic. This is particularly the case when assessing the impact of participation in citizen science on the environmental att...
Article
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Background Patient navigation is an evidence-based intervention for reducing delays in oncology care among underserved populations. In order to address the financial sustainability of this intervention, information is needed on the cost of implementing patient navigation in diverse healthcare settings. Because patient navigation programs and care s...
Article
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Background Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are major and growing burden on population health and the use and cost of healthcare in EU Member States and beyond. Different countries face many common challenges in public health and can learn from each other. The exchange of ‘best practices’ is one way to tackle the observed disparities in health sect...
Article
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Introduction Faking orgasm by women reportedly occurs quite frequently, with both relationship characteristics and orgasmic difficulty being significant predictors. Aim We explored women's motives that might mediate the associations between orgasmic difficulty and relationship satisfaction on the one hand, with the frequency of faking orgasm on th...
Article
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Background Intertrochanteric hip fractures are common and devastating injuries, especially for the elderly. Surgical treatment is the optimal strategy for managing intertrochanteric fractures as it allows early rehabilitation and functional recovery. The relative effects of internal fixation strategies for intertrochanteric fracture after operation...
Article
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Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) have become an often-used research method in food research due to their ability to uncover trade-offs made when choosing among multiple alternatives, especially when dealing with credence attributes. Insights into the main elements of the consumers’ decision-making process are key to informing both public and priv...
Article
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In our recent survey, we aimed to collect information on perceived inequity as well as professional and personal fulfillment among women intensivists in France. For the 371 respondents out of the 732 persons who received the survey, the findings were unequivocal: for one-third of the respondents, being a woman was considered as an obstacle to caree...
Article
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The co-creation and sharing of knowledge among different types of actors with complementary expertise is known as the Multi-Actor Approach (MAA). This paper presents how Horizon2020 Thematic-Networks (TNs) deal with the MAA and put forward best practices during the different project phases, based on the results of a desktop study, interviews, surve...
Article
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There are many factors that contribute to the reproducibility and replicability of scientific research. There is a need to understand the research ecosystem, and improvements will require combined efforts across all parts of this ecosystem. National structures can play an important role in coordinating these efforts, working collaboratively with re...
Article
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Background Busy rheumatologists, and busy patients as well as policy makers, require accurate, succinct, transparent, easily digested summaries of evidence and recommendations for management. Our objective was to develop an up-to-date evidence-based, consensus, clinical practice guidelines for treat-to-target management of rheumatoid arthritis in a...
Article
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Background Achondroplasia is the most common form of skeletal dysplasia, with serious comorbidities and complications that may occur from early infancy to adulthood, requiring lifelong management from a multidisciplinary team expert in the condition The European Achondroplasia Forum guiding principles of management highlight the importance of accur...
Article
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This consensus statement by a panel of Fabry experts aimed to identify areas of consensus on conceptual, clinical and therapeutic aspects of Fabry disease (FD) and to provide guidance to healthcare providers on best practice in the management of pediatric and adult patients with FD. This consensus statement indicated the clinical heterogeneity of F...
Article
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In releasing the Algorithmic Transparency Standard, the UK government has reiterated its commitment to greater algorithmic transparency in the public sector. The Standard signals that the UK government is both pushing forward with the AI standards agenda and ensuring that those standards benefit from empirical practitioner-led experience, enabling...
Article
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Background Diabetes-related foot infections cause substantial morbidity and mortality, both globally and in Australia. There is a need for up-to-date evidence-based guidelines to ensure optimal management of patients with diabetes-related foot infections. We aimed to identify and adapt high quality international guidelines to the Australian context...
Article
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Background: Primary immunodeficiencies (PI), which include more than 450 single-gene inborn errors of immunity and may affect up to 1% of the population, are genetic disorders that impair the immune system. If not properly identified and treated, individuals with PI are subject to serious, prolonged, and sometimes life-threatening infections or au...
Article
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Studies involving fish eggs and larvae date back to the end of the nineteenth century. Since then, studies with ichthyoplankton have proved to be an essential tool, generating information for the knowledge of the ichthyofauna and the environmental inventory. Most of these studies reveal the difficulty of obtaining a precise taxonomic identification...
Article
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We address class imbalance problems. These are classification problems where the target variable is binary, and one class dominates over the other. A central objective in these problems is to identify features that yield models with high precision/recall values, the standard yardsticks for assessing such models. Our features are extracted from the...
Article
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Aflatoxin contamination in corn is a significant issue, posing substantial health threats to humans and animals. Aflatoxin testing protects consumer health, ensures the safe global trade of corn, and verifies compliance with legislation; however, effective sampling procedures are essential to ensure reliable results. While many sampling procedures...
Chapter
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A medida que los psicodélicos se mueven por todo el mundo y entran en las conversaciones principales, existe una mayor necesidad que nunca de tener claras las pautas apropiadas para su uso. En este artículo, académicos y activistas experimentados recopilaron información de diferentes sitios para producir un punto de partida integral para las pautas...
Article
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Background: The world has entered the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Utilisation of technology is inevitable. For the past years, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has halted normal operations, including in the physical classroom for nursing students. Students and facilitators had to move to a remote way of teaching and learning, util...
Article
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Background: A telephone support hotline (PSU-HELPLINE) was established at the beginning of the pandemic due to the burden on health professionals and the lack of support at the workplace. The aim of this study was to evaluate the telephone support service for health professionals in terms of its burden, benefits, and mechanisms of action. Methods:...
Article
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Outdoor recreation managers as well as municipal and county economic development specialists can help diversify local, regional, and state economies by developing long-distance cycling routes and supporting bicycle tourism. In this research note, we outline ten best practices focused on route planning and maintenance and four best practices focused...
Article
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Pathogenic variants in the ABCD1 gene cause adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), a progressive metabolic disorder characterized by three core clinical syndromes: a slowly progressive myeloneuropathy, a rapidly progressive inflammatory leukodystrophy (cerebral ALD), and primary adrenal insufficiency. These syndromes are not present in all individuals, and ar...
Article
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Ecosystem degradation and conversion are leading to a widespread reduction in the provision of ecosystem services. It is crucial for the governance of regional land spaces to rapidly identify key areas for ecosystem restoration. Herein, we combined the InVEST Habitat Quality Model with the granularity inverse method to identify ecological sources i...
Presentation
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Today, I have successfully completed the two months online course ''Discover Best Practice Farming for Sustainable 2050'' from the University of Western Australia. Thank you dear Proff. Martin Graeme
Article
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Traits have become a crucial part of ecological and evolutionary sciences, helping researchers understand the function of an organism's morphology, physiology, growth and life history, with effects on fitness, behaviour, interactions with the environment and ecosystem processes. However, measuring, compiling and analysing trait data comes with data...
Article
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Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is well described in prokaryotes: it plays a crucial role in evolution, and has functional consequences in insects and plants. However, less is known about HGT in humans. Studies have reported bacterial integrations in cancer patients, and microbial sequences have been detected in data from well-known human sequencing...
Article
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Comorbidity complicates behavioral treatment for youth with Tourette’s syndrome (TS). The Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tic (CBIT) is a first-line intervention, and several clinical guidelines exist to assist clinicians in developing effective treatment plans for youth with TS. Unfortunately, there is currently little guidance on how to...
Article
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Knowledge management is now considered as one of the pressing challenges in economic development related to the world of industry, studies in services and information. The adoption and implementation of knowledge management may be considered as a breakthrough factor for companies willing to integrate it in the knowledge-based economy. In service in...
Conference Paper
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Globally, the construction industry has a significant detrimental impact on the environment. Building construction is one of the vital human activities that deplete nature's resources within the environment. Cities are currently undergoing a period of fast economic expansion, urbanization, and migration, increasing construction activities to accomm...
Poster
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New Strategies and Best Practices in the Management of Pediatric Facial and Truncal Acne
Article
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Globally, the construction industry has a significant detrimental impact on the environment. Building construction is one of the vital human activities that deplete nature's resources within the environment. Cities are currently undergoing a period of fast economic expansion, urbanization, and migration, increasing construction activities to accomm...
Article
Full-text available
The present review describes the up-to-date state of the evaluation of thermophysical properties (TP) of materials with three different procedures: modeling (also including inverse problems), measurements and analytical methods (e.g., through computing from other properties). Methods to measure specific heat and thermal conductivity are described i...
Article
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Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a common and challenging clinical entity present in trauma and surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The screening tools, assessment strategies, and pharmacological methods for preventing alcohol withdrawal have significantly changed during the past 20 years. This Clinical Consensus Document created by the Amer...
Book
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Transparency in politics—in particular with regard to political finance—lies at the core of every democracy. The availability of accessible, detailed information about the funding of political parties and candidates enables scrutiny by civil society organizations and the wider public, and ensures that all political actors can be held accountable. I...
Article
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There are many ways to learn how to be entrepreneurs and one of the powerful ways is to learn from successful entrepreneurs. However, it is difficult to reach and interview those entrepreneurs about their best practices in doing business in real lives. Chatbot technology can come into play in mimicking conversation of successful entrepreneurs and p...
Article
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El monitoreo colaborativo en la restauración del paisaje forestal (RPF) ofrece una forma de vincular a los implementadores con los actores relevantes, facilitar la transferencia del conocimiento, compartir las mejores prácticas y aprender de los errores entre las escalas y los niveles de gobernanza. El estado actual del monitoreo colaborativo en La...
Article
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The impact of knowledge transfer induced by universities on economy, society, and culture is widely acknowledged; nevertheless, this aspect is often neglected by university rankings. Here, we considered three of the most popular global university rankings and specific knowledge transfer indicators by U-multirank, a European ranking system launched...
Article
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This Best Practice is the author's best experience in learning Cultural Arts. The background of this best practice problem is the existence of problems in the form of student complaints that students are sometimes lazy to create Decorative Arts in the form of exploration of Decorative patterns in the form of Static or Dynamic. This is the cause for...
Article
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Background The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in persons 60 years or older is estimated to be 2%. Late-onset rheumatoid arthritis (LORA) is traditionally defined as the onset of RA after the age of 60 years. Compared to younger-onset rheumatoid arthritis (YORA) which occurs before the age of 60 years, LORA has unique characteristics and di...
Article
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Psychomotor intervention has been used to promote development by the enhancement of psychomotor and socio-emotional competence. However, studies with high-quality evidence, describing psychomotor-intervention processes and outcomes are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to generate expert consensus regarding psychomotor-intervention guidelines to support...